Nephrology in medicine is the study of the symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment of any type of diseases that affects or are related to the kidneys. It is known to be a sub-speciality of internal medicine. A nephrologist is a doctor, who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that are related to the kidneys, which are essential organs of the body, responsible for effective fluid and electrolyte stability. A nephrologist is essentially trained to deal with various systemic disorders that affect the working of the kidneys, but their symptoms are not essentially limited to the kidneys only. Therefore, these conditions require special type of treatment and care. Some examples include, autoimmune conditions like lupus and genetic conditions like polycystic kidney disease. A nephrologist essentially manages various kidney diseases, through the regulation of blood pressure, electrolyte and fluid balance in the body, while also administrating dialysis. The diagnosis of diseases that affect the kidneys generally involve a number of blood tests and urine tests, to determine the extent of the damage to the kidneys. On many occasions kidney biopsies are also conducted by nephrologists to diagnose and determine the root cause of the condition. Some common condition that nephrologists are known to treat are fluid and electrolyte related disorders, acid-base disorders, kidney stones, glomerular diseases, mineral metabolism, acute kidney diseases, acute renal failure, chronic kidney diseases, chronic renal failure and highly advanced renal diseases and related dialysis. Thus, they are well acquainted with relevant medicines and clinical management when it comes to such disorders. Lybrate offers you easy access to nephrologists in Kolkata. Nephrologists at Lybrate not only offer effective diagnoses to your kidney related problems, but also ensure proper care and treatment, enlightening you with the best possible way to deal with the condition at Kolkata. The best nephrologists at lybrate in Kolkata are listed above.
A doctor who is trained to diagnose and treat the dysfunctions of the kidney and the renal tract is known as a nephrologist.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT NEPHROLOGIST?
A nephrologist can be consulted in the event of renal disorder or dysfunction.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF NEPHROLOGIST?
A nephrologist can collaborate or refer to a specialist in case of a complicated disorder.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE NEPHROLOGIST FOR
A nephrologist helps to prevent renal infections and disorders and also provide health care tips.
DID YOU KNOW?
The kidney filters and distributes 99.9% of the total blood and the rest 0.01% is turned into urine.
3 Causes of Acute Kidney Failure
You're said to suffer from the problem of acute kidney failure if your kidneys suddenly stop working and lose their ability to eliminate waste materials including excess fluids and salts from the blood. The condition usually develops quickly over a few days or even a few hours. When this happens, waste materials accumulate in your blood, disrupting the chemical balance of your bloodstream. So, what causes this problem? Acute kidney failure can occur because of any one of these reasons: 1. A drop or slowdown of blood flow to the kidneys - Adequate blood circulation to the kidneys is of great importance as without it the kidneys may end malfunctioning. If blood flow to the kidney is hampered, a part of or the entire kidney may die. You may suffer from acute kidney failure if blood flow to the kidneys gets impaired due to conditions like -Heavy blood loss -Sepsis (body's inflammatory reaction to an infection, which can bring about organ failure, tissue damage, and death) -Injury -Use of certain drugs -Dehydration -Burns -Heart disease 2. Urinary obstructions - A sudden blockage that hampers your kidney's ability to eliminate urine can also bring about acute kidney failure. When this happens, it leads to a build up of toxins in the body, causing an overload of the kidneys. Conditions that bring about this urinary obstruction include: -Cervical cancer -Colon cancer -Bladder cancer -Kidney stones -Enlarged prostate -Prostate cancer 3. Disease within the kidneys - Even instances of clotting within the blood vessels of the kidneys can lead to acute kidney failure. This is because if the movement of blood cells within the blood vessels gets hampered, kidneys are not able to filter out toxins from the body. The conditions and diseases that may cause clotting, and subsequently damage to the kidneys include: -Scleroderma (an autoimmune disease that affects connective tissues and skin) -Build-up of cholesterol deposits -Glomerulonephritis (an inflammatory condition of the kidney's ball-shaped structures called glomeruli) -Hemolytic uremic syndrome (a condition that occurs due to untimely death of red blood cells) -Lupus (a disorder of the body's immune system that brings about damage to the body's own organs and tissues)