Nephrology in medicine is the study of the symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment of any type of diseases that affects or are related to the kidneys. It is known to be a sub-speciality of internal medicine. A nephrologist is a doctor, who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that are related to the kidneys, which are essential organs of the body, responsible for effective fluid and electrolyte stability. A nephrologist is essentially trained to deal with various systemic disorders that affect the working of the kidneys, but their symptoms are not essentially limited to the kidneys only. Therefore, these conditions require special type of treatment and care. Some examples include, autoimmune conditions like lupus and genetic conditions like polycystic kidney disease. A nephrologist essentially manages various kidney diseases, through the regulation of blood pressure, electrolyte and fluid balance in the body, while also administrating dialysis. The diagnosis of diseases that affect the kidneys generally involve a number of blood tests and urine tests, to determine the extent of the damage to the kidneys. On many occasions kidney biopsies are also conducted by nephrologists to diagnose and determine the root cause of the condition. Some common condition that nephrologists are known to treat are fluid and electrolyte related disorders, acid-base disorders, kidney stones, glomerular diseases, mineral metabolism, acute kidney diseases, acute renal failure, chronic kidney diseases, chronic renal failure and highly advanced renal diseases and related dialysis. Thus, they are well acquainted with relevant medicines and clinical management when it comes to such disorders. Lybrate offers you easy access to nephrologists in Pune. Nephrologists at Lybrate not only offer effective diagnoses to your kidney related problems, but also ensure proper care and treatment, enlightening you with the best possible way to deal with the condition at Pune. The best nephrologists at lybrate in Pune are listed above.
The pediatric study of the kidneys, which includes analysis and treatment of renal disorders is nephrology and its practitioner is referred to as a nephrologist.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT NEPHROLOGIST?
A nephrologist can be consulted in case a person needs a kidney transplant.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF NEPHROLOGIST?
A nephrologist is trained to perform surgical and non surgical operations on a patient.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE NEPHROLOGIST FOR
A nephrologist helps to prevent renal infections and disorders and also provide health care tips.
DID YOU KNOW?
The kidney filters and distributes 99.9% of the total blood and the rest 0.01% is turned into urine.
When Do Kidneys Need Dialysis?
Kidneys are a pair of organs that are located on either side of the spine, each about a size of a fist. The kidneys help in purifying blood by removing toxins, waste materials and excess fluids from the human body. Disorders and dysfunctions of the kidney can lead to severe and often fatal consequences. When the kidneys stop functioning as they are supposed to, dialysis is performed to resume normal functioning in the body. Dialysis is a type of treatment, which filters and purifies the blood with the aid of a machine. It is an artificial way of purifying blood. There are two types of dialysis, namely hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis, the most common form of dialysis, which involves using a manmade kidney called a hemodialyzer, which removes toxins and waste materials from blood. Peritoneal Dialysis, on the other hand, is a type of treatment which involves implanting a catheter in the stomach. During the procedure, a fluid called dialysate flows into the abdomen that absorbs all the waste material, which is consequently drained out of the body. You may need a dialysis if: - Your kidneys are dysfunctional - When waste materials and toxins start to accumulate in the body - In an event of an injury or accident to the kidney such as internal lacerations (wound caused by the tearing of a tissue) - If the creatinine (a type of a chemical waste product) level falls to 10-12 cc/minute - In an event where the kidneys aren't able to work properly leading to accumulation of toxins, irregular amounts of chemicals in the body and other dysfunctions Weakening of the abdominal muscles and weight gain are some of the risks involved in dialysis. Dialysis is a temporary treatment and serves to function till the time the actual kidneys get repaired. In chronic cases of kidney disease, kidney transplant may perhaps be the last resort.