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Overview

Menstrual Cramps: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Menstrual cramps occur during menstruation. They refer to the pain in the lower abdomen caused by the contracting of the uterine walls and the shedding of the lining. Recent studies have shown that the pain that a woman goes through during periods can be equivalent to the pain that is experienced during a heart attack. It is not uncommon for women to pass out or get nauseas because of the severity of the pain. This is why it is wise to seek out treatment.

The main course of treatment for menstrual pains is painkillers. There are various painkillers available in the market that are designed specifically to work on pain caused by menstruation. For people with very heavy bleeding, the treatment goes beyond just treating the pain and often patients are given hydrating fluids to combat the loss of blood.

Menstruation comes with its own set of symptoms for different women. This is why a treatment that may work for one person may not work for someone else. Therefore, there is a little bit of trial and error that is required as you explore the various treatment options available to you. Though that might take some time, it’s important to note that these treatments are highly effective and can relieve you of your painful symptoms in no time.

How is the treatment done?

For some women, the menstrual cramps can start a few days before their period does while for others, they start on the first day of bleeding. Whichever the case may be, if the pain is severe, there is no shame in seeking out treatment. You can consult with your general doctor or go to your gynaecologist to find treatment options that suit your cycle properly. Once you know what your treatment is, you can administer it yourself every month.

If you visit a gynaecologist, he or she will ask you questions about your cycle, its duration, and severity of the pain. Sometimes, an ultrasound might be recommended to rule out any other problems that may be leading to the pain. Once it is determined that it is just menstrual cramps, then you will be prescribed painkillers. More often than not, these painkillers are available over the counter and do not require a prescription. The exact dosage and pill will depend on your medical history. You may even be asked to drink oral rehydrating fluids during your menstrual cycle if your bleeding is extremely heavy and causes weakness. You can get the pills every month at your local drug store.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you normally suffer from severe menstrual cramps, you should consult with a doctor regardless of whether or not you are on your period. You can begin the treatment as advised.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Most menstrual cycles cause a certain amount of pain. However, if you are not accustomed to severe pain since it is not a part of your normal cycle, then you should consult with a doctor regarding it. This pain might be caused due to a different condition that you may be suffering from and may not necessarily have anything to do with your period. In this case, you are not eligible to seek out this treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Painkillers come with a few side effects. The most common ones are drowsiness, slight confusion, and the urge to sleep. Depending on the strength of the dosage and your body’s reaction, you may or may not experience all of these side effects.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

As menstrual cramps reoccur on a monthly basis, the trick is to follow the treatment every time you need it. Other than that, there are no post treatment guidelines that you need to worry about.

How long does it take to recover?

Once you’ve had the medication, it can take anywhere between 30 minutes to an hour for the effects to kick in. If it takes longer than that or does not work at all, you should consult with your doctor for a different treatment.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Most painkillers range in price between Rs. 50 – Rs. 200.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Menstrual cramps occur every month along with your cycle. Thus the results of the treatment are not permanent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are many home remedies that you can look at to resolve your menstrual cramps. For mild to moderate cramps, you can use a hot water bottle and place it on your abdomen to soothe the muscles beneath. This can be quite effective. Chewing ginger is also known to ease menstrual cramps. You can also consume tea prepared with honey, turmeric, and ginger to soothe the pain that you are feeling. Keeping your diet light and enjoying a warm bath and can also help you with the pain you are experiencing. There are also a few herbal remedies that can help you. Burning different types of essential oils such as clary sage oil, lavender oil, and rosemary oil can help you as these oils have the properties of an emmenogogue, which means they not only stimulate menstruation but also help with the symptoms of PMS and menstrual cramps.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: High Price Range:

Popular Health Tips

Menstrual cramps

Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (B.U.M.S), PGD(Sexual Medicine & Councelling)
Sexologist, Gurgaon
Menstrual cramps
Menstrual cramps are sometimes unbearably painful.
Ginger extracts help ease the cramps.
Sip on ginger tea to reduce cramps and inflammation.
Ginger offers other benefits too.
2 people found this helpful

Menstrual Cramps - How to Get Relief?

MBBS, DGO, F.I.C.O.G., Dipl.Endo. Surgery (USA)
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Menstrual Cramps - How to Get Relief?

The uterus contracts the lining of its wall during the menstruation cycle. Hormone like substances, called prostaglandins, which are a part of the pain and aggravation, trigger the uterine muscle spasms. Increased amount of prostaglandins are in this way, connected with more serious menstrual issues. For a few females, their issues may even affect their work, school and everyday activities. Around three out of four females encounter menstrual pain and each one out of ten females encounters extreme cramps.

To help with the monthly cramps, here are some home remedies that help get rid of the menstrual cramps:

  1. Exercising: This may sound somewhat unrealistic and impractical during your menstrual cycle, however, is very effective and practical. A light walk or stroll or any sort of physical activity, can help your menstrual pain and get rid of cramps. When you are doing any sort of high-intensity workout, your body starts to pump more blood. This discharges endorphins to balance the prostaglandins and gets rid of your cramps or spasms. Exercising three to four times each week is useful for the general wellbeing of your body, yet it is particularly important in case you are inclined to having very painful menstrual cramps.
  2. Apply heat pads: Warmth or heat relaxes the contracting muscles in your uterus, which is the reason for your pain. There are numerous over-the-counter warming patches and cushions or electric, reusable ones. Then again, taking a general plastic bag with boiling water and applying it to your belly is an option when you do not have access to a warming cushion. This could be risky hence, warm some clothes and put them on your belly and cover it with a blanket.
  3. Drink chamomile tea: There may be pain diminishing properties in this fragrant tea. Calming elements present in the tea diminish the prostaglandin generation. This alleviates the menstrual cramps.
  4. Ensure you are getting enough vitamin D: Aversion is constantly possible to whatever cure you decide to take for the cramps. This is the reason why ensuring your body has enough vitamin D is very important in finding relief from menstrual cramps.
  5. Having an orgasm: Orgasms mitigate a wide range of pain, including menstrual cramps. Before an orgasm, the uterus is very relaxed, and at the peak, the blood stream starts flowing, easing the cramps. Orgasms ease the pain through the generation of endorphins, which help you to feel better. They additionally relax your entire body and incite rest so you will not feel any cramping by any means.
  6. Acupuncture: Acupuncture is a part of the conventional Chinese treatment, which includes covering the skin with needles on specific pressure points. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.
4485 people found this helpful

How To Handle Acute Menstrual Cramps

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
How To Handle Acute Menstrual Cramps

Experiencing menstrual cramps for a few days every month is quite common for every woman. These cramps are commonly accompanied with pain. Menstrual cramps are referred to as dysmenorrhea. This is not a very serious health condition, but still the cramps can cause you pain and distress. You can manage the pain caused by menstrual cramps by making some simple changes and starting some practices. They are as follows:

  1. Dietary Changes: You have to make several dietary modifications to manage menstrual cramps. Reduce fat from your daily diet and consume more vegetables. A low-fat diet helps in reducing the levels of inflammation in your body. These changes will successfully help you to reduce the severity of menstrual cramps. You have to adopt a well-balanced diet.

  2. Medicines: Several painkillers which fall under the non-steroidal and anti-inflammatory groups are prescribed to relieve pain caused by the cramps. These medicines lower the production of prostaglandin that causes menstrual cramps. Inflammation and pain are relieved.

  3. Consume Green Tea: There are certain green teas, which relieve menstrual cramps. Herbal tea has been used since medieval ages for this purpose. Cramp bark is an effective tea used for this reason. Peppermint oil tea is also considered good.

  4. Fish Oil Supplements and Vitamin B1: Fish oil supplements and vitamin B1 help in naturally treating menstrual cramps. You will get quick and long-lasting relief by consuming these.

  5. Acupuncture: Acupuncture can be utilised to treat menstrual cramps. The nervous system gets relaxed, which increases the flow of blood to the internal body organs. Acupuncture assures effective pain relief.

  6. Massage Therapy: You can undergo massage therapy using certain essential oils. This provides great pain relief and is beneficial for menstrual cramps.

  7. Heating Pads: Heating pads provide efficient relief to menstrual cramps. Topically applied heat is also considered to be effective and pain relief is obtained in a short period of time.

  8. Boosting Endorphins: A boost in the endorphins improves your mood and gives relief from menstrual cramps. Endorphins are released when you work out or have an orgasm. Aerobic exercises and stretching techniques should be carried out regularly.

  9. Boosting Magnesium: Boosting the amount of magnesium in your diet helps in relieving pain from menstrual cramps. You can consume food items rich in magnesium or magnesium supplements.

Menstrual cramps usually do not require hospitalisation and you can self-treat it using simple remedies. However, if the pain experienced due to cramps is very severe and does not go away, you must consult a doctor.

2472 people found this helpful

Menstrual Cramps - How Homeopathy Can Help You?

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Jaipur
Menstrual Cramps - How Homeopathy Can Help You?

Menstrual cramps affects all ages of menstruating women, ranging from mild to severe crippling ones. Menstrual cramps may sometimes develop along with irregular blood flow, irritability, headache, fatigue and extreme discomfort in the lower abdominal region. Also light exercises, warm beverage and hot compress may provide momentary relief; these may also aggravate the cramps causing utmost misery.

Homeopathy is a safe, natural and non-toxic method of treating any physical discomfort, disease and infection. It can effectively cure mild infections as well as severe organ malfunctioning. Homeopathy never causes adverse side effects that may be detrimental to the general well being of a person.

Some homeopathy remedies known to ease and cure menstrual cramps:

  1. Belladonna is known to provide relief from violent, throbbing muscle spasms in the lower abdomen that come suddenly during the course of menstruation. It controls profuse bleeding and prevents blood clots. It is also known to keep irritability and depression in check during this time period.
  2. Chamomilla is prescribed to patients who are hypersensitive to pain and easily lose mental and emotional stability. The pain is sharp and stinging and extends down to the inner thighs. There are blood clots and profuse bleeding, causing agonizing discomfort to the patient.
  3. Pulsatilla is prescribed to patients who grow extremely sensitive, depressed and suffer from temporary mental breakdowns during the menstruating period. The cramps are accompanied by nausea and dizziness.
  4. Magnesia Phos is prescribed to patients who find a little relief from warm applications, bending forward and comforting food or beverages. This is mostly given to women who feel the cramps centred on the uterus but radiating to all sides.
  5. Caulophyllum is a remedy meant for women who feel the onset of painful cramps before the menstruation begins. Lower abdominal pain, dizziness and a sudden spell of malaise precede the menstruation.
  6. Apis is meant for women who feel sharp stinging pain near the ovaries, accompanied with dark red mucous and the urine is generally very scanty and dark coloured.
  7. Veratrum Album is given to patients who have severe cramps accompanied by diarrhoea and nausea.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5098 people found this helpful

How to Get Relief From Severe Menstrual Cramps

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
How to Get Relief From Severe Menstrual Cramps

A menstrual cramp is something which every woman complains of for a day or two every month. Menstrual cramps are usually the pains felt in the lower abdomen, which can occur both before and during a woman's menstrual period. These cramps are caused by a hormone called prostaglandin that causes the uterine muscles to contract during menstruation. When the uterus contracts to shed its natural lining during your period it releases a hormone called prostaglandins which causes pain and inflammation. So higher the level of prostaglandins more severe the menstrual cramps.

It might be just a minor discomfort for some, but for others it can be severe. The symptoms of menstrual cramps include pain in the abdomen, pressure in the abdomen and pain in the hips, lower back, and inner thighs as well. However, if the cramps are severe you might have an upset stomach, loose stools and vomiting too.

Three out of four women experience menstrual pains and every one out of 10 women experiences severe cramps. Here are few remedies that might help in relieving the pain:

  1. Exercise, brisk walking or any type of physical activity can help to ease your belly pain as by being physically active your body pumps more blood, which helps in releasing endorphins to counteract the prostaglandins and reduce your cramps.
  2. Apply heat on the lower abdomen or the area where you feel the pain as it helps to relax the contracting muscles in your uterus.
  3. Improve your diet by reducing fat and increasing vegetables. However, avoid foods that contain caffeine and salt.
  4. Take a warm bath as it may also provide some relief.
  5. Add ginger in your food as it helps in lowering the levels of the pain-causing prostaglandins.
  6. Drink chamomile tea at least three times a day.
  7. Take fish oil supplements, vitamin B1 or both.
  8. Make sure to get enough vitamin D.
  9. Have an orgasm as it releases endorphins which has a pain-relieving effect and helps in boosting your mood as well.
  10. Include more dietary magnesium such as dry almonds and boiled spinach as it helps to ease the pain of cramps.
  11. Acupuncture also has an anti-inflammatory effect.
  12. Take a safe painkiller to reduce pain.
  13. Birth control pills may help relieve painful cramps, but they do come with side effects which may include spotting, breast tenderness, nausea and low sex drive.
  14. Refrain yourself from smoking and drinking alcohol.
  15. Finally, have appropriate rest.

Note: If you still do not get any relief despite trying some of these options then you must visit your doctor to rule out more serious health issues as the menstrual cramps are sometimes caused or worsened by other conditions and any sort of medications for such cramps are to be taken after consulting a Gynaecologist.

2548 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I want to know about post menstrual syndrome. Serious cramping in lower abdomen near post and pre menstrual time. Pain is not traceable via ultrasound or MRI pelvic region. Now doctor says about IVP test. But due to constipation IVP test is not successful. Please advise / suggest some better treatment. Thanks in Advance.

Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Not really as week before period you will not have any fluid discharge and also adbominal cramp might be due to menstrual cycles however this abdominal cramp is quite common in pregnancy women.

I am 26 years old I have taking a mifegest kit last 6 days before. I have continually cramps & bleeding at 6th days. How maney day it can happen.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
After taking mifegest bleeding usually lasts 3-7 days ,initially it's heavy gradually the flow of bld decreased. If you're still having heavy bleeding consult a doctor.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice