Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Menstrual Cramps: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Menstrual cramps occur during menstruation. They refer to the pain in the lower abdomen caused by the contracting of the uterine walls and the shedding of the lining. Recent studies have shown that the pain that a woman goes through during periods can be equivalent to the pain that is experienced during a heart attack. It is not uncommon for women to pass out or get nauseas because of the severity of the pain. This is why it is wise to seek out treatment.

The main course of treatment for menstrual pains is painkillers. There are various painkillers available in the market that are designed specifically to work on pain caused by menstruation. For people with very heavy bleeding, the treatment goes beyond just treating the pain and often patients are given hydrating fluids to combat the loss of blood.

Menstruation comes with its own set of symptoms for different women. This is why a treatment that may work for one person may not work for someone else. Therefore, there is a little bit of trial and error that is required as you explore the various treatment options available to you. Though that might take some time, it’s important to note that these treatments are highly effective and can relieve you of your painful symptoms in no time.

How is the treatment done?

For some women, the menstrual cramps can start a few days before their period does while for others, they start on the first day of bleeding. Whichever the case may be, if the pain is severe, there is no shame in seeking out treatment. You can consult with your general doctor or go to your gynaecologist to find treatment options that suit your cycle properly. Once you know what your treatment is, you can administer it yourself every month.

If you visit a gynaecologist, he or she will ask you questions about your cycle, its duration, and severity of the pain. Sometimes, an ultrasound might be recommended to rule out any other problems that may be leading to the pain. Once it is determined that it is just menstrual cramps, then you will be prescribed painkillers. More often than not, these painkillers are available over the counter and do not require a prescription. The exact dosage and pill will depend on your medical history. You may even be asked to drink oral rehydrating fluids during your menstrual cycle if your bleeding is extremely heavy and causes weakness. You can get the pills every month at your local drug store.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you normally suffer from severe menstrual cramps, you should consult with a doctor regardless of whether or not you are on your period. You can begin the treatment as advised.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Most menstrual cycles cause a certain amount of pain. However, if you are not accustomed to severe pain since it is not a part of your normal cycle, then you should consult with a doctor regarding it. This pain might be caused due to a different condition that you may be suffering from and may not necessarily have anything to do with your period. In this case, you are not eligible to seek out this treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Painkillers come with a few side effects. The most common ones are drowsiness, slight confusion, and the urge to sleep. Depending on the strength of the dosage and your body’s reaction, you may or may not experience all of these side effects.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

As menstrual cramps reoccur on a monthly basis, the trick is to follow the treatment every time you need it. Other than that, there are no post treatment guidelines that you need to worry about.

How long does it take to recover?

Once you’ve had the medication, it can take anywhere between 30 minutes to an hour for the effects to kick in. If it takes longer than that or does not work at all, you should consult with your doctor for a different treatment.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Most painkillers range in price between Rs. 50 – Rs. 200.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Menstrual cramps occur every month along with your cycle. Thus the results of the treatment are not permanent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are many home remedies that you can look at to resolve your menstrual cramps. For mild to moderate cramps, you can use a hot water bottle and place it on your abdomen to soothe the muscles beneath. This can be quite effective. Chewing ginger is also known to ease menstrual cramps. You can also consume tea prepared with honey, turmeric, and ginger to soothe the pain that you are feeling. Keeping your diet light and enjoying a warm bath and can also help you with the pain you are experiencing. There are also a few herbal remedies that can help you. Burning different types of essential oils such as clary sage oil, lavender oil, and rosemary oil can help you as these oils have the properties of an emmenogogue, which means they not only stimulate menstruation but also help with the symptoms of PMS and menstrual cramps.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: High Price Range:

Popular Health Tips

Menstrual Disorders - 5 Reasons Behind It!

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, PGD Ultrasonography
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Menstrual Disorders - 5 Reasons Behind It!

Menstrual disorders are caused by a variety of factors and affect every woman in a different manner. In most cases, it manifests itself in the form of fluctuations in menstrual flow and irregularity in the monthly cycle. Certain disorders are not too severe and can be easily alleviated. Others are more complicated and require the immediate attention of a gynecologist.

As mentioned, there are different specific causes of different kinds of disorders resulting from a range of factors such as hormone levels, functioning of the central nervous system, health of the uterus, etc.

Some of the most common causes of menstrual disorders are as follows:

  1. Hormonal imbalance: Fluctuating hormone levels in the body have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle. These fluctuations can be caused by dysfunction in the pituitary gland, thyroid gland or adrenal gland. It can also be a result of malfunction in either or both ovaries and the secretion of hormones originating there.

  2. Anatomic problems: One fourth menstrual disorders are caused by problems of the anatomy. These include various gynecological issues like the presence of uterine fibroids and polyps, reduced uterine contractile strength, adenomyosis (intrusion of uterine tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus), a uterus with an excessively large surface area, and endometrial cancer.

  3. Clotting irregularities: Abnormality in clotting is a cause of heavy menstrual bleeding in women. It leads to exceeding blood loss from minor cuts and gashes and makes one easily prone to bruising. This may also include medical conditions such as thrombocytopenia (platelet dysfunction) and Von Willebrand disease.

  4. Medications and supplements: There is a wide range of medications and nutritional or hormonal supplements which often cause menstrual disorders in women and lead to fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. These include medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, estrogen pills, Vitamin E supplements etc.

  5. Miscellaneous factors: These are comparatively rare and require a greater degree of medical attention. It includes conditions such as cervical cancer, ovarian tumors, liver and kidney diseases, uterine infections, extreme psychological stress, obesity, etc. Incidents such as miscarriages and unsuspected pregnancies are also known to cause abnormal menstrual bleeding.

4103 people found this helpful

5 Ways To Prevent Menstrual Cramps!

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Kanpur
5 Ways To Prevent Menstrual Cramps!

More than half of the women who menstruate, tend to go through pain from period cramps for a day or two every month. During the menstrual cycle, the uterus contracts to remove its coating or lining. Hormone like substances, called prostaglandins, which are the cause for pain and aggravation, trigger the uterine muscle contractions. More elevated levels of prostaglandins are linked with more severe menstrual cramps.

While menstrual cramps, additionally called dysmenorrhea, are normally not an indication of a highly serious health condition, they can act as barriers in your daily lifestyle. To help with the pain, here are five things that may offer some relief. In case your period cramps appear to be extreme or you do not get help even after attempting some of these choices, check with your specialist for the required medication or treatment. Five ways to prevent severe menstrual cramps are:

  1. Exercise: A regular walk or any sort of physical movement can relieve you from the abdomen and thigh pain. This discharges endorphins to balance the prostaglandins and diminish your cramps. Exercising a little three to four times each week is useful for the general strength of your body.
  2. Apply a heating pad: Warmth unwinds the contracting muscles in your uterus, which is the reason for your pain. There are a number of over-the-counter warming pads and cushions, or electric, reusable heating bags.
  3. Drink chamomile tea: Certain teas may calm menstrual cramps. Teas have been used traditionally and can offer relief from pain. Chamomile tea is one of the most effective teas among many others. It tends to increase the hippurate element in your body, which is a natural anti-inflammatory agent. Mitigating agents diminish the prostaglandin formation in the body, accordingly assisting in pain relief from menstrual cramps.
  4. Improve your diet: Vitamin D is vital in decreasing menstrual cramps. Decreasing your fat intake and eating more vegetables as a part of your diet may ease the pain. Low-fat food and less carbs help your health by and large, even as they can have an obvious impact on menstrual issues. Swap less solid fats like the saturated fats found in junk food, for more healthy ones like unsaturated fats found in olive oil. Getting more dietary magnesium appears to relieve the pain as well. Magnesium directs better nerve and muscle functioning, among other crucial functions.
  5. Massage with essential oils: Using certain sweet-smelling oils and massaging them can likewise soothe menstrual pain. Dilute lavender, clary sage, or marjoram to a three percent concentration in an unscented cream. The duration of pain can be lessened from two and a half to one day after self-massaging with these essential oils.
2509 people found this helpful

Acute Menstrual Cramps - How To Deal With It?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Post Graduate Diploma in Ultrasonography
Gynaecologist, Noida
Acute Menstrual Cramps - How To Deal With It?

Experiencing menstrual cramps for a few days every month is quite common for every woman. These cramps are commonly accompanied with pain. Menstrual cramps are referred to as dysmenorrhea. This is not a very serious health condition, but still the cramps can cause you pain and distress. You can manage the pain caused by menstrual cramps by making some simple changes and starting some practices. They are as follows:

  1. Dietary Changes: You have to make several dietary modifications to manage menstrual cramps. Reduce fat from your daily diet and consume more vegetables. A low-fat diet helps in reducing the levels of inflammation in your body. These changes will successfully help you to reduce the severity of menstrual cramps. You have to adopt a well-balanced diet.

  2. Medicines: Several painkillers which fall under the non-steroidal and anti-inflammatory groups are prescribed to relieve pain caused by the cramps. These medicines lower the production of prostaglandin that causes menstrual cramps. Inflammation and pain are relieved.

  3. Consume Green Tea: There are certain green teas, which relieve menstrual cramps. Herbal tea has been used since medieval ages for this purpose. Cramp bark is an effective tea used for this reason. Peppermint oil tea is also considered good.

  4. Fish Oil Supplements and Vitamin B1: Fish oil supplements and vitamin B1 help in naturally treating menstrual cramps. You will get quick and long-lasting relief by consuming these.

  5. Acupuncture: Acupuncture can be utilised to treat menstrual cramps. The nervous system gets relaxed, which increases the flow of blood to the internal body organs. Acupuncture assures effective pain relief.

  6. Massage Therapy: You can undergo massage therapy using certain essential oils. This provides great pain relief and is beneficial for menstrual cramps.

  7. Heating Pads: Heating pads provide efficient relief to menstrual cramps. Topically applied heat is also considered to be effective and pain relief is obtained in a short period of time.

  8. Boosting Endorphins: A boost in the endorphins improves your mood and gives relief from menstrual cramps. Endorphins are released when you work out or have an orgasm. Aerobic exercises and stretching techniques should be carried out regularly.

  9. Boosting Magnesium: Boosting the amount of magnesium in your diet helps in relieving pain from menstrual cramps. You can consume food items rich in magnesium or magnesium supplements.

Menstrual cramps usually do not require hospitalisation and you can self-treat it using simple remedies. However, if the pain experienced due to cramps is very severe and does not go away, you must consult a doctor.

1 person found this helpful

Menstrual Disorder - Know The Different Possible Reasons Behind It!

MBBS, DNB - Obstetrics and Gynecology, MNAMS - General Surgery
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Menstrual Disorder - Know The Different Possible Reasons Behind It!

Each woman has her own menstrual cycle pattern. Some women have almost same menstrual cycles that begin and end almost in a synchronized manner with little problem, but some women face various difficulties in menstruation period due to major fluctuations. Although minor fluctuations usually occur but there is a medical condition called menstrual disorder which is characterized by some peculiar signs and symptoms.
The menstrual disorder is actually diagnosed when a woman is facing a problem of irregular periods along with profoundly painful cramps, premenstrual syndrome, abnormally high bleeding and missing their menstrual cycles very often.

There can be different causes due to which menstrual disorder occur which are listed as following:

  1. There can be certain problems associated with ovulation in females
  2. There can be abnormal secretion of hormones which can cause imbalance in hormonal levels
  3. There can be genetic link to this disorder such as abnormality in chromosomes or genes
  4. There can be clotting issues
  5. Stressful situations cause a major effect in regulation of menstrual cycles. The more the women feel stressful, the more irregularities in menstrual cycles are observed.
  6. MenstrualThyroid problems and eating disorders are also associated with menstrual disorder.

Menstrual disorder is not only about heavy bleeding but in certain condition, there could be be no bleeding at all. This condition is called as amenorrhea. It is usually diagnosed when a girl does not get her periods even after 16 years of age. It can occur due to hyperthyroidism, cysts in ovaries, not controlling birth frequencies, pregnancy, recurrent pregnancy loss, eating disorders etc.

Hence, to diagnose this medical condition, the affected female should immediately contact the gynecologist. The doctor can speculate the symptoms and for how long they are persisting. The gynecologist may conduct a pelvic exam in order to ensure if there is any inflammation in the vagina or cervix region. The blood tests can also determine the hormonal imbalances. The possibility of cancer in cervical region can be checked by conducting Pap smear test. In order to diagnose the additional menstrual disorder, the gynecologist or the respective medical healthcare provider may conduct additional tests such as endometrial biopsy, hysteroscopy and ultrasound.

Once the diagnosis is performed, the treatment can be given maybe in terms of medicines or other alternatives to treat this problem effectively. Make sure that certain irregularities in periods are completely normal, but as soon as you may see the menstrual cycle patterns going abnormally for persistently more extended periods of time, then you should immediately contact your healthcare practitioner. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3770 people found this helpful

5 Ways To Prevent Menstrual Cramps

MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Delhi
5 Ways To Prevent Menstrual Cramps

More than half of the women who menstruate, tend to go through pain from period cramps for a day or two every month. During the menstrual cycle, the uterus contracts to remove its coating or lining. Hormone like substances, called prostaglandins, which are the cause for pain and aggravation, trigger the uterine muscle contractions. More elevated levels of prostaglandins are linked with more severe menstrual cramps.

While menstrual cramps, additionally called dysmenorrhea, are normally not an indication of a highly serious health condition, they can act as barriers in your daily lifestyle. To help with the pain, here are five things that may offer some relief. In case your period cramps appear to be extreme or you do not get help even after attempting some of these choices, check with your specialist for the required medication or treatment. Five ways to prevent severe menstrual cramps are:

  1. Exercise: A regular walk or any sort of physical movement can relieve you from the abdomen and thigh pain. This discharges endorphins to balance the prostaglandins and diminish your cramps. Exercising a little three to four times each week is useful for the general strength of your body.
  2. Apply a heating pad: Warmth unwinds the contracting muscles in your uterus, which is the reason for your pain. There are a number of over-the-counter warming pads and cushions, or electric, reusable heating bags.
  3. Drink chamomile teaCertain teas may calm menstrual cramps. Teas have been used traditionally and can offer relief from pain. Chamomile tea is one of the most effective teas among many others. It tends to increase the hippurate element in your body, which is a natural anti-inflammatory agent. Mitigating agents diminish the prostaglandin formation in the body, accordingly assisting in pain relief from menstrual cramps.
  4. Improve your dietVitamin D is vital in decreasing menstrual cramps. Decreasing your fat intake and eating more vegetables as a part of your diet may ease the pain. Low-fat food and less carbs help your health by and large, even as they can have an obvious impact on menstrual issues. Swap less solid fats like the saturated fats found in junk food, for more healthy ones like unsaturated fats found in olive oil. Getting more dietary magnesium appears to relieve the pain as well. Magnesium directs better nerve and muscle functioning, among other crucial functions.
  5. Massage with essential oils: Using certain sweet-smelling oils and massaging them can likewise soothe menstrual pain. Dilute lavender, clary sage, or marjoram to a three percent concentration in an unscented cream. The duration of pain can be lessened from two and a half to one day after self-massaging with these essential oils.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2571 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 26 years old I have taking a mifegest kit last 6 days before. I have continually cramps & bleeding at 6th days. How maney day it can happen.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
After taking mifegest bleeding usually lasts 3-7 days ,initially it's heavy gradually the flow of bld decreased. If you're still having heavy bleeding consult a doctor.
1 person found this helpful

HI, I am 16 years old, and my period cramps are so bad that I cry in my sleep, wake up bawling throughout the night and occasionally end up with a fever and throwing up. I want to look into having my uterus removed. I know for a fact that I will not want kids, so that is not an issue for me.

M S (ay)
Ayurveda, Varanasi
Don't worry about it it's a physiological phenomenon but in some girls it's non bearable for this you can take tab meftalspas three day before your period and on day of severe pain you can take tab tramadol and glass bottles with hot water to local rolling on your abdomen. It Will releave your problems.

Me and my boyfriend had sex orally on 12 of sep and after that I was suffering for viral for a week and I had my periods late but it bleed only for a day that too little and after 3 days it is again bleeding with cramps.

MD-Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Patiala
take sukumara kshyam, 15 ml twice day after meals. Stop the medication when you have mensus. Take mahadhanvantarm gulika, 2 tabs after meals with cumin water. continue the medication for 1 month. good luck

My cramps during chumps is extremely high and painful. I loose all my strength and this pain lasts for about 7 to 8 hours on the first day. Second day for about 3 to 4 hours.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, M.S Obsterics & Gynaecology, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine & Infertility
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hi Get an Ultrasound. If all fine you can take a prescribed pain killer and repeat it 8 hrly if needed.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Menstruation Related Problem
Menstrual cycles often bring about a variety of uncomfortable symptoms leading up to your period. Menstruation that is too heavy or too light, or the complete absence of a cycle, may suggest that there are other issues that are contributing to an abnormal menstrual cycle.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice