Menstrual cramps occur during menstruation. They refer to the pain in the lower abdomen caused by the contracting of the uterine walls and the shedding of the lining. Recent studies have shown that the pain that a woman goes through during periods can be equivalent to the pain that is experienced during a heart attack. It is not uncommon for women to pass out or get nauseas because of the severity of the pain. This is why it is wise to seek out treatment.
The main course of treatment for menstrual pains is painkillers. There are various painkillers available in the market that are designed specifically to work on pain caused by menstruation. For people with very heavy bleeding, the treatment goes beyond just treating the pain and often patients are given hydrating fluids to combat the loss of blood.
Menstruation comes with its own set of symptoms for different women. This is why a treatment that may work for one person may not work for someone else. Therefore, there is a little bit of trial and error that is required as you explore the various treatment options available to you. Though that might take some time, it’s important to note that these treatments are highly effective and can relieve you of your painful symptoms in no time.
For some women, the menstrual cramps can start a few days before their period does while for others, they start on the first day of bleeding. Whichever the case may be, if the pain is severe, there is no shame in seeking out treatment. You can consult with your general doctor or go to your gynaecologist to find treatment options that suit your cycle properly. Once you know what your treatment is, you can administer it yourself every month.
If you visit a gynaecologist, he or she will ask you questions about your cycle, its duration, and severity of the pain. Sometimes, an ultrasound might be recommended to rule out any other problems that may be leading to the pain. Once it is determined that it is just menstrual cramps, then you will be prescribed painkillers. More often than not, these painkillers are available over the counter and do not require a prescription. The exact dosage and pill will depend on your medical history. You may even be asked to drink oral rehydrating fluids during your menstrual cycle if your bleeding is extremely heavy and causes weakness. You can get the pills every month at your local drug store.
If you normally suffer from severe menstrual cramps, you should consult with a doctor regardless of whether or not you are on your period. You can begin the treatment as advised.
Most menstrual cycles cause a certain amount of pain. However, if you are not accustomed to severe pain since it is not a part of your normal cycle, then you should consult with a doctor regarding it. This pain might be caused due to a different condition that you may be suffering from and may not necessarily have anything to do with your period. In this case, you are not eligible to seek out this treatment.
Painkillers come with a few side effects. The most common ones are drowsiness, slight confusion, and the urge to sleep. Depending on the strength of the dosage and your body’s reaction, you may or may not experience all of these side effects.
As menstrual cramps reoccur on a monthly basis, the trick is to follow the treatment every time you need it. Other than that, there are no post treatment guidelines that you need to worry about.
Once you’ve had the medication, it can take anywhere between 30 minutes to an hour for the effects to kick in. If it takes longer than that or does not work at all, you should consult with your doctor for a different treatment.
Most painkillers range in price between Rs. 50 – Rs. 200.
Menstrual cramps occur every month along with your cycle. Thus the results of the treatment are not permanent.
There are many home remedies that you can look at to resolve your menstrual cramps. For mild to moderate cramps, you can use a hot water bottle and place it on your abdomen to soothe the muscles beneath. This can be quite effective. Chewing ginger is also known to ease menstrual cramps. You can also consume tea prepared with honey, turmeric, and ginger to soothe the pain that you are feeling. Keeping your diet light and enjoying a warm bath and can also help you with the pain you are experiencing. There are also a few herbal remedies that can help you. Burning different types of essential oils such as clary sage oil, lavender oil, and rosemary oil can help you as these oils have the properties of an emmenogogue, which means they not only stimulate menstruation but also help with the symptoms of PMS and menstrual cramps.
Where "Periods" are still considered a taboo in our society, at least in rural parts of the country, a documentary created on the same subject named "Period. End Of Sentence" has won the Oscar in the Documentary Short Subject category at the 91st Academy Awards.
The film, based on menstruation, is set in rural India. It has been directed by Rayka Zehtabchi and produced by Sikhya Entertainment, a production house owned by an Indian Guneet Monga.
Similar to the Akshay Kumar-starrer "PadMan", the short film is aimed at the upliftment of women who are considered filthy when they are on their periods. This mentality is prevalent mostly among uneducated people, who do not understand that regular periods are a sign of good reproductive health of a woman.
Here we will be discussing everything about menstruation and how do abnormal periods affect a woman. Read on:
A menstrual period usually occurs in every 28 days, but generally, it can range from 21 days to 35 days. Anything below or beyond these numbers is considered to be abnormal menstruation. This continues for three to seven days in different women.
Common problems related to menstruation include:
Common diseases which are related to abnormal menstruation:
Causes of abnormal menstruation:
There can be many causes of abnormal periods. Some of them include:
Other causes of abnormal menstruation include:
How to diagnose abnormal menstruation?
The first thing to do if you want to diagnose abnormal periods is to keep an accurate record of when your period begins and ends. The patient must also keep a close watch on large blood clots and amount of flow. Tracking bleeding between periods, menstrual cramps and pain may also be of help in diagnosing menstrual irregularity.
Your doctor will first conduct a physical examination, including a pelvic exam and sometimes a Pap test. Then he/she might also ask you to undergo certain tests that include:
How is abnormal menstruation treated?
How to prevent abnormal periods?
There are some self-care measures that can be taken to reduce the chances of abnormal menstruation. Have a look at them:
Now, it is high time all of us should stop considering periods as a taboo and let the women of our society speak and live with it freely to ensure a happier and healthier life.
|Menstruation Related Diseases
1. Menses remit a day or two then return - ferrum m.
2. Menses late for several months - kali carb.
3. Menses ceases on laying - cactus.
4. Menses cease suddenly - cocc ind.
5. Menses ceases after walking - lilium tel.
6. Menses scanty lasting only one our - euphrasia, psorinum.
7. Menses profuse in young women - kali b
8. Menses early profuse like muddy water - nit ac.
9. Menses bright red if early and dark if late - calc phos.
10. Menses offensive like semen - stramonium, sulph.
11. Menses very dark stain difficult to wash off - med.
12. Menses with joint pains - sabina
13. Menses with neuralgic pain in the body - kalm.
14. Menses suppressed with asthma - pulsatilla, spongia.
15. Menses with rectal symptoms - erig.
16. Menstrual bleeding from hard stool - ambr, lycopodium.
17. Menses ceases while sitting - kreos.
18. Menses only when urinating - m aust
19. Menstrual flow aggravated from lifting - kreos.
20. Menses suppressed with jaundice - chion.
21. Menses suppressed from weakness - nux m.
22. Menses suppressed from fever - cimic.
23. Menses suppressed from warm bathing - aeth.
24. Menses suppressed from grief - ign, nat m.
25. Menses suppressed during diabetes - uran n.
26. Menses suppressed by putting hands in cold water - conium, lac d.
27. Menses suppressed by drinking milk - lac d.
28. Menses from fright - opium.
29. Menses bring toothache - ant cr.
30. Menses only lying down - mag c, kreos.
31. Menses lingering - sabina
32. Menses scanty - graph.
33. Headache during menses - nat m
34. Spasms during menses - caulo, cimis, mag phos.
35. All ailments disappeared during menses - lach, zinc.
A menstrual cup is a flexible cup designed out of medical grade silicone or rubber, which can be inserted inside the vagina. It is not used for absorbing blood; rather it collects the menstrual blood.
Advantages of menstrual cups over tampons
Reasons why you should use menstrual cups
Menstrual cups rarely cause allergic reactions, unlike tampons. One menstrual cup lasts an entire day, month and even years. They are also the most environment friendly choice as there is no need to dispose them after every use. They prevent staining, leakage and do not increase muscle cramps. There is no risk of TSS (Toxic Shock Syndrome) from menstrual cups, which is a major risk from leaving tampons inside the body for too many hours. Menstrual cups are also helpful if you are a swimmer. They don’t make things difficult for you at all. Menstrual cups are made from 100% medically approved silicone and not cotton or rayon. If you are unable to use tampons, you may choose menstrual cups as the insertion is generally smoother. However, it completely depends on individual preference. Menstrual cups also reduce the bulk of having to carry like sanitary napkins during travel, and urgent needs to change. Thus it makes a long journey worry free. No matter what protective measures you take, remember to be comfortable. Try and maintain a diet rich in nutrients, that can help regulate the blood flow and prevent painful blood clots. Also, it is important to remain physically active to prevent muscle cramps and back pain.
More than half of the women who menstruate, tend to go through pain from period cramps for a day or two every month. During the menstrual cycle, the uterus contracts to remove its coating or lining. Hormone like substances, called prostaglandins, which are the cause for pain and aggravation, trigger the uterine muscle contractions. More elevated levels of prostaglandins are linked with more severe menstrual cramps.
While menstrual cramps, additionally called dysmenorrhea, are normally not an indication of a highly serious health condition, they can act as barriers in your daily lifestyle. To help with the pain, here are five things that may offer some relief. In case your period cramps appear to be extreme or you do not get help even after attempting some of these choices, check with your specialist for the required medication or treatment. Five ways to prevent severe menstrual cramps are:
Menstrual disorders are caused by a variety of factors and affect every woman in a different manner. In most cases, it manifests itself in the form of fluctuations in menstrual flow and irregularity in the monthly cycle. Certain disorders are not too severe and can be easily alleviated. Others are more complicated and require the immediate attention of a gynecologist.
As mentioned, there are different specific causes of different kinds of disorders resulting from a range of factors such as hormone levels, functioning of the central nervous system, health of the uterus, etc.
Hormonal imbalance: Fluctuating hormone levels in the body have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle. These fluctuations can be caused by dysfunction in the pituitary gland, thyroid gland or adrenal gland. It can also be a result of malfunction in either or both ovaries and the secretion of hormones originating there.
Anatomic problems: One fourth menstrual disorders are caused by problems of the anatomy. These include various gynecological issues like the presence of uterine fibroids and polyps, reduced uterine contractile strength, adenomyosis (intrusion of uterine tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus), a uterus with an excessively large surface area, and endometrial cancer.
Clotting irregularities: Abnormality in clotting is a cause of heavy menstrual bleeding in women. It leads to exceeding blood loss from minor cuts and gashes and makes one easily prone to bruising. This may also include medical conditions such as thrombocytopenia (platelet dysfunction) and Von Willebrand disease.
Medications and supplements: There is a wide range of medications and nutritional or hormonal supplements which often cause menstrual disorders in women and lead to fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. These include medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, estrogen pills, Vitamin E supplements etc.
Miscellaneous factors: These are comparatively rare and require a greater degree of medical attention. It includes conditions such as cervical cancer, ovarian tumors, liver and kidney diseases, uterine infections, extreme psychological stress, obesity, etc. Incidents such as miscarriages and unsuspected pregnancies are also known to cause abnormal menstrual bleeding.