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Menstrual Cramps: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Menstrual cramps occur during menstruation. They refer to the pain in the lower abdomen caused by the contracting of the uterine walls and the shedding of the lining. Recent studies have shown that the pain that a woman goes through during periods can be equivalent to the pain that is experienced during a heart attack. It is not uncommon for women to pass out or get nauseas because of the severity of the pain. This is why it is wise to seek out treatment.

The main course of treatment for menstrual pains is painkillers. There are various painkillers available in the market that are designed specifically to work on pain caused by menstruation. For people with very heavy bleeding, the treatment goes beyond just treating the pain and often patients are given hydrating fluids to combat the loss of blood.

Menstruation comes with its own set of symptoms for different women. This is why a treatment that may work for one person may not work for someone else. Therefore, there is a little bit of trial and error that is required as you explore the various treatment options available to you. Though that might take some time, it’s important to note that these treatments are highly effective and can relieve you of your painful symptoms in no time.

How is the treatment done?

For some women, the menstrual cramps can start a few days before their period does while for others, they start on the first day of bleeding. Whichever the case may be, if the pain is severe, there is no shame in seeking out treatment. You can consult with your general doctor or go to your gynaecologist to find treatment options that suit your cycle properly. Once you know what your treatment is, you can administer it yourself every month.

If you visit a gynaecologist, he or she will ask you questions about your cycle, its duration, and severity of the pain. Sometimes, an ultrasound might be recommended to rule out any other problems that may be leading to the pain. Once it is determined that it is just menstrual cramps, then you will be prescribed painkillers. More often than not, these painkillers are available over the counter and do not require a prescription. The exact dosage and pill will depend on your medical history. You may even be asked to drink oral rehydrating fluids during your menstrual cycle if your bleeding is extremely heavy and causes weakness. You can get the pills every month at your local drug store.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you normally suffer from severe menstrual cramps, you should consult with a doctor regardless of whether or not you are on your period. You can begin the treatment as advised.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Most menstrual cycles cause a certain amount of pain. However, if you are not accustomed to severe pain since it is not a part of your normal cycle, then you should consult with a doctor regarding it. This pain might be caused due to a different condition that you may be suffering from and may not necessarily have anything to do with your period. In this case, you are not eligible to seek out this treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Painkillers come with a few side effects. The most common ones are drowsiness, slight confusion, and the urge to sleep. Depending on the strength of the dosage and your body’s reaction, you may or may not experience all of these side effects.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

As menstrual cramps reoccur on a monthly basis, the trick is to follow the treatment every time you need it. Other than that, there are no post treatment guidelines that you need to worry about.

How long does it take to recover?

Once you’ve had the medication, it can take anywhere between 30 minutes to an hour for the effects to kick in. If it takes longer than that or does not work at all, you should consult with your doctor for a different treatment.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Most painkillers range in price between Rs. 50 – Rs. 200.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Menstrual cramps occur every month along with your cycle. Thus the results of the treatment are not permanent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are many home remedies that you can look at to resolve your menstrual cramps. For mild to moderate cramps, you can use a hot water bottle and place it on your abdomen to soothe the muscles beneath. This can be quite effective. Chewing ginger is also known to ease menstrual cramps. You can also consume tea prepared with honey, turmeric, and ginger to soothe the pain that you are feeling. Keeping your diet light and enjoying a warm bath and can also help you with the pain you are experiencing. There are also a few herbal remedies that can help you. Burning different types of essential oils such as clary sage oil, lavender oil, and rosemary oil can help you as these oils have the properties of an emmenogogue, which means they not only stimulate menstruation but also help with the symptoms of PMS and menstrual cramps.

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Popular Health Tips

Menstrual Cramps - Is There A Way They Can Be Avoided?

Dr. Shailee Agrawal 94% (201 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Sirohi
Menstrual Cramps - Is There A Way They Can Be Avoided?
Let's first get to know what are menstrual cramps? Menstrual cramps, also known as dysmenorrhea or period pains are throbbing or cramping pains in the lower abdomen.Many women experience menstrual cramps just before and during their menstrual periods. Who gets menstrual cramps? About half of women experience menstrual cramps and about 15% describe the pain as severe. It has been shown that women who do not exercise experience more painful menstrual cramps. Certain psychological factors such as emotional stress may also increase the likelihood of having uncomfortable menstrual cramps. Additional risk factors for these cramps include: Being younger than 20 years of age Starting puberty at age 11 or younger Menorrhagia - heavy bleeding during periods Never given birth Symptoms of menstrual cramps include: Pain in the lower back and thighs Nausea Vomiting Sweating Dizziness Diarrhea Loose stools Constipation Bloating in the belly area Headaches Lightheadedness or feeling faint. How can you 'AVOID' menstrual cramps when you are having these symptoms ? Eating fruits and vegetables and limiting intake of fat, alcohol, caffeine, salt and sweets Exercising regularly Reducing stress Quitting smoking Yoga or relaxation therapy Acupuncture or acupressure. Apply heat to lower abdominal part. Make sure you're getting enough vitamin D. Dietary supplements. 10 Ways to treat period cramps: 1. Improve Your Diet to Alleviate Period Cramps 2. Pop a Safe Painkiller 3. Turn to Tea to Calm Menstrual Cramps 4. Try Fish Oil and Vitamin B1 5. Needle Away Period Cramps 6. Massage With Essential Oils for Pain Relief 7. Curl Up With a Heating Pad to Ease Period Cramps 8. Boost Endorphins Your Way 9. Up the Magnesium in Your Diet 10. Lean on Your Contraceptive
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Irritable Bowel Syndrome - Can Severe Gas Be A Sign?

Uphi 85% (34 ratings)
Gastroenterologist, Gurgaon
Irritable Bowel Syndrome - Can Severe Gas Be A Sign?
Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder, which generally affects the colon (large intestine). It usually shows symptoms like abdominal pain, cramping, bloating, diarrhea, gas and constipation. IBS is a long-term condition. It can result in sudden mood swings, depression and thus holds you back from living your life to the fullest. IBS can be controlled by managing lifestyle, stress and managing your diet. Medication and counseling could also be required to manage IBS. Symptoms of IBS: Immense cramping and pain. A feeling that your belly is bloated all the time Severe gas Alternating and sudden bouts of constipation and diarrhea. Presence of mucus in the feces. Whenever you experience such kind of symptoms, it is always advisable that you must consult a doctor, so that it doesn't lead to a serious condition. When should you consult a doctor for IBS? IBS is not a chronic disorder and can be controlled by home remedies. It may also require medical treatment if the symptoms become acute and persist for too long. If you experience certain symptoms like rectal bleeding, weight loss and heavy abdominal pain that might increase at night, you may be at a risk for colon cancer. If such symptoms persist, you should visit a doctor as soon as possible. Causes of IBS: Foods: Most people are susceptible to IBS if they consume foods like spices, fats, fruits, cabbage, beans, broccoli, cauliflower, carbonated beverage, milk or alcohol. These foods irritate the lining of the stomach and trigger IBS. However, the trigger may vary from person to person. Stress: Signs and symptoms of IBS can also increase if you are very stressed out. Stress makes your muscles too worked up and this may result in IBS. However, you should know that stress aggravates or triggers the symptoms but doesn t cause IBS. Hormones: Women are more likely to develop IBS. Fluctuations in the hormonal cycle can trigger IBS. This usually occurs around or during menstruation. Other illnesses: Sometimes illness such as gastroenteritis (infectious diarrhea) or bacterial overgrowth in the intestines can trigger symptoms of IBS. Age: You will be more likely to develop IBS if you are 45 years of age or above. Hereditary: People having a family history of IBS are more susceptible to develop IBS. Mental problems: Depression, personality disorder, anxiety and a history of sexual abuse can also trigger symptoms of IBS.
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Worried About Your Digestive Health - These 10 Foods You Must Avoid!

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Noida
Worried About Your Digestive Health - These 10 Foods You Must Avoid!
Taking a balanced diet not only helps in maintaining overall health also helps in curing indigestion. The right mix of carbohydrate, protein, water, fat, vitamin, salt and fiber is important for the body to function well. Apart from maintaining a healthy diet, it is also essential to refrain from food that triggers indigestion. Here is a list of worst food for digestive health: 1. Dairy Products: Dairy Products contain a protein called the casein. This protein can be highly allergic and inflammatory. Its strong insulin response can hold up fat and makes someone look fatter than his usual self. Lactose, the carbohydrate found in milk is extremely difficult to digest. If you are lactose intolerant, you should make it a point to stay away from dairy products such as kefir and yogurt to ensure smooth digestion. 2. Gluten: This protein molecule is found in barley and wheat. Gluten is extremely difficult to break and has the capability to create a lot of damage. The unbroken molecules of gluten cause inflammation and bloating. People, who have GI issues, should definitely eschew gluten to ensure food digestion. 3. Sugar: Patients suffering from indigestion should stay away from sugar related products such as candy, cake and crackers. Intake of sugar product increases the rate of inflammation, feeds harmful bacteria and suppresses the immune system. No wonder it is one of the worst food to consume, if you are suffering from indigestion. 4. Fake fats: Fake fats are extremely difficult to digest and make the cell membranes more rigid. It can also show symptoms such as cramps, loose stools and bloating. 5. Gums: Guar and xanthan gum are proved to be responsible for causing colitis. People with bowel disease are strongly suggested to stay away from gums and thickeners in order to avoid indigestion. 6. Soy: Soy possesses protein inhibitors. It is an enzyme that restricts digestion. The carbohydrate content of the soy does not get recognized by the GI system. This leads to bloating, cramps and gas. 7. Nightshade vegetables: Vegetables such as potato, bell pepper and tomatoes contain a compound called solanine. The latter is known to be responsible for indigestion. People with a compromised GI should not consume these vegetables at all. 8. Red Dye: May fast food item contain a red dye which is known to decrease the production of energy, disturb nerve signaling and is an inflammatory agent. 9. Sweeteners: Fake sweeteners show GI symptoms such as bloating and gas. Replacing this with sugar is not at all a good idea since it causes indigestion over a period of time. 10. Legumes and beans: Legumes and beans contain compounds called saponins and lectins respectively. They are a major cause of a leaky gut and inflammation.

5 Natural Food Items That Can Manage PCOS At Home!

Dr. Nisha Agarwal 90% (26 ratings)
MBBS, DNB - Obstetrics and Gynecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
5 Natural Food Items That Can Manage PCOS At Home!
PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is one of the fastest growing problems which women all over the world are facing today. This hormonal disorder leads to a lot of problems related to fertility and menstrual flow for women. PCOS usually results in a rapid gain in weight and development of cysts in the ovaries. Women all over the world are suffering from the problem and the most common method which most of the doctors suggest is to have specific birth controlling pills. However, simply depending on these pills is not going to be sufficient to get rid of the disorder. You need to start keeping a check on what you eat on a daily basis. Given below are 5 food products which have helped a lot of women in treating their PCOS naturally. These food items have not only helped in curing PCOS but have shown a positive impact in the lives of many women, in general. 1. Basil Leaves Should Be Consumed Daily One of the most inexpensive and easily accessible food items, basil leaves have proved to be highly successful in treating PCOS naturally. Eating 10-12 freshly washed basil leaves is considered to be really useful and is an age-old technique to cure the disorder. 2. Coconut Oil Works Wonders This is another product which is easily available and can be found in every household instantly. Coconut oil is one of the best natural home remedies used for treating PCOS. Consuming one tablespoon of virgin coconut oil can be extremely efficient in regulating your blood sugar levels. 3. Drink Green Tea Daily One can simply not count the benefits of drinking green tea daily. From managing your weight and making your skin glow to regulating your PCOD issues, green tea comes in handy everywhere. Drinking green tea daily helps in preventing cellular damage which has a positive effect on treating PCOD 4. Benefits of Consuming Apple Cider Vinegar When it comes to fighting PCOD, Apple Cider Vinegar is one of the most preferred home ingredients which every woman who can swear by. It is one of the most effective remedies to treat the problem. Having a glass of warm water with Apple cider vinegar on an empty stomach balances your hormone and boosts the pH level like no other product. It also helps in regulating the insulin level in the body. 5. Consume Honey Daily Honey is the most effective remedy which is used by women for treating PCOD all over the world. Consumption of honey with lime juice and a cup of warm water can help in managing any future problems which can arise due to PCOD.
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Ways Acupressure Therapy Can Help In Chronic Pain!

Dr. R S Meena 85% (224 ratings)
Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Tharepy (BNYT), M.D Accupressure
Acupressurist, Gurgaon
Ways Acupressure Therapy Can Help In Chronic Pain!
Acupressure is an ancient Chinese healing therapy for curing a host of chronic diseases and ills, from headaches to back pain, infertility and menstrual cramps. It is built on the concept of maintaining the balance of various body elements including blood, nutrients and the energy force known as chi which flows along lines called meridians in the body for optimum health. Putting pressure by finger placements at designated points from where these meridians can be accessed, is supposed to unblock the flow of energy to get rid of chronic pain and disease. Acupressure for pain-relief Acupressure is used for a variety of ailments. One of its most common uses is to relieve pain, such as back pain, sciatica, menstrual cramps and headaches. It can also be used to help with nausea and vomiting, fatigue, stress, weight loss, and even addictions. Acupressure helps relieve pain in different ways, like It is believed to cause deep relaxation and a decrease in muscle tension and is thus useful in relieving low back pain, post-operative pain, and headaches. L4 point, for example, is commonly used for stress, facial pain, headaches, toothaches, and neck pain. It is located on your hand between your thumb and the index finger. Liver 3 point (LV3) is also used for stress, lower back pain, high blood pressure, menstrual cramps, insomnia, and anxiety. This point is located in between your big toe and second toe, in the soft flesh. You can press these points yourself for about 4 seconds and then steadily reduce pressure to experience relief from pain. How does acupressure work? Studies have been done and are still being done to understand how acupressure relieves pain. They suggest that acupressure releases endorphins and promotes anti-inflammatory effects, helping with pain due to arthritis like back and limb pain. Endorphins are the pleasure-inducing, painkilling chemicals that flood the brain and numb pain signals. A few theories also call acupressure something that s all in the mind and no more than a placebo. But either way, it does provide relief to patients when done over long periods of time. Acupressure is also an effective way to treat depression during pregnancy, and to reduce the pain of menstrual cramps, according to a new research done at the Stanford University School of Medicine. Similarly, a recent Korean study has found that acupressure treats menstrual cramps more effectively than pain killers. If you want to benefit from acupressure, you need to press the pain points over time as each time you manipulate the pressure points, you help balance your chi . Some people may see results immediately, and sometimes results are seen after some time. Pain can also return. You have to keep pressing the pressure points to keep the pain away forever.

Popular Questions & Answers

I want to know about post menstrual syndrome. Serious cramping in lower abdomen near post and pre menstrual time. Pain is not traceable via ultrasound or MRI pelvic region. Now doctor says about IVP test. But due to constipation IVP test is not successful. Please advise / suggest some better treatment. Thanks in Advance.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 84% (5646 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Not really as week before period you will not have any fluid discharge and also adbominal cramp might be due to menstrual cycles however this abdominal cramp is quite common in pregnancy women.

I am 26 years old I have taking a mifegest kit last 6 days before. I have continually cramps & bleeding at 6th days. How maney day it can happen.

Dr. Gitanjali 96% (1452 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
After taking mifegest bleeding usually lasts 3-7 days ,initially it's heavy gradually the flow of bld decreased. If you're still having heavy bleeding consult a doctor.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

How to reduce menstrual cramps?

Dr. Ashwini Talpe 94% (3425 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
Regular exercise and stretching can make the menstrual cramps worse. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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