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Overview

Crohn'S Disease - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Crohn’s Disease?

Crohn’s disease belongs to a set of conditions that are part of the inflammatory bowel disease or IBD group. A patient of the disease experiences digestive tract lining’s inflammation. This, in turn, can lead to a host of symptoms. In Crohn’s disease, different parts of the digestive tract are affected in different people. It is often seen that the inflammation spreads into the deeper layers of the bowel tissue affected. It may turn out to be both painful as well as debilitating and its complications may potentially threaten the life of a person.

Treatment

Medical science is yet to find a cure for Crohn’s disease. But there are therapies that are able to reduce the severity of symptoms and even lead to remission for the long term. With the help of treatment, a person may resume most of his normal functions. Digestive Tract Areas Affected Some of the people affected by Crohn’s disease experience the condition only in the ileum or the last part of the small intestine while in others the affected area is the colon which is a component of the large intestine. These are the typical parts of the digestive tract affected by Crohn’s disease.

Causes

The cause and cure for Crohn’s disease alike remain yet to be determined. Earlier scientists suspected that stress and diet were the culprits but now it is held that they aggravate the disease but are not its cause. How the disease develops in a person is determined by a multitude of factors which include heredity and an immune system which is not functioning correctly.

  • The Immune System- Doctors do not rule out the possibility of viruses or bacteria acting as a sort of trigger. The immune system tries to ward off such organisms and abnormal responses may lead to the attack on digestive tract cells also.
  • Heredity- As the disease has been found to dominate in persons with family history, genes are suspected culprits too. But it has been found somewhat paradoxically that most patients with the disease do not have a family history of the same.

Risk factors

There are various risk factors associated with Crohn’s disease which include:

  • Age- The young especially if persons are below 30 years of age they are particularly vulnerable.
  • Race- Person of eastern European descent have the highest risk of having the disease.
  • Family History- 20% of patients have family history concerning the disease.
  • Smoking- Smoking may be controlled and is also a risk factor for Crohn’s disease.
  • NSAIDs- This group of drugs cause inflammation of bowels which makes the condition worse.
  • Location- People living in urban or industrialized areas are more vulnerable than others due to diets probably. Northern climates also increase risks of developing the disease.
Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Diarrhea Fatigue and fever Cramping Abdominal pain Blood in stools Mouth ulcers Reduced weight

Popular Health Tips

Crohn's Disease - Causes, Types And Symptoms Of It!

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Crohn's Disease - Causes, Types And Symptoms Of It!
One of the more severe illnesses included in the larger group of diseases known as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's disease is typically a long-lasting, chronic condition. The intestine or bowel, most commonly the colon and the lower part of the small intestine, are either marked by sores or get inflamed and ulcerated. It is a common occurrence in adolescents and in young adults. Types Crohn's disease is subdivided into five types, each having its own set of symptoms: Ileocolitis - The most common type, it affects the colon and the ileum and results in considerable weight loss as well as diarrhea and cramps. Gastroduodenal Crohn's disease - People who suffer from this type of disease have their stomach and duodenum affected and many experience symptoms like nausea, loss of appetite and weigh loss. Crohn's colitis - This involves only the stomach, and can cause joint pains, rectal bleeding, skin lesions and diarrheas, Ileitis - This type affects the ileum and the symptoms are identical to those of ileocolitis. Jejunoileitis - In this type, the jejunum gets affected and general symptoms include the formation of fistulas, diarrhea, intensive back pain as well as areas of inflammation. Causes Despite the uncertainty as to the nature of the specific causes of Crohn's disease, there have been a few possible causes which have been identified. These include: Immune system problems Genetic disorders Environmental factors, such as:- Certain edibles Viruses or harmful bacteria Smoke Symptoms The primary symptoms of Crohn's disease include the following: Diarrhea: This can occur for about 10 to 20 times a day in more severe cases. In rare cases, there may be blood in your stool. In more intense cases, you may even develop a fever. Cramping and intermittent belly pain. Anemia, due to a reduction in iron levels caused by bloody stools. Weight loss. Erratic appearance of small tears in the anus, called anal fissures.
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A number of digestion related problems plague people from time to time. Diarrhea or loose motions remains one of the most debilitating problem in this regard, with other conditions like IBS or irritable bowel syndrome and colitis, Crohn s Disease and others like pain, discomfort and related issues. If your daily schedule is hampered by constant trips to the bathroom and your eating habits show poor nutritional choices and a lack of appetite, then it may be time to do something about these digestive problems. Let us acquaint ourselves with a few measures for treatment of the same. Triggers: One of the important and primary steps in the process of treating your digestive related problem is to learn how to recognise and identify the triggers so that you may avoid the same. There are many kinds of food that may not be suitable for some people. With the help of your doctor, you can go through a food or skin test that will help in exposing you to small amounts of various ingredients. The results will help in pointing towards the food allergy or triggers that you may be suffering from. Apart from food, there may be certain kinds of medication that may be causing side effects like loose motions and other digestive problems. Also, there are certain situations and stress giving factors that may be contributing to this condition. In such cases, it is best to maintain a food dairy or event diary so that you learn your triggers and avoid the same. Hydration: One of the most important ways of treating digestive problems is to drink plenty of fluids and to keep your body well hydrated. Besides routinely flushing out the toxins that cause the condition in the first place, plenty of water intake will also help in replenishing the lost fluid reserves as the body tends to get dehydrated swiftly when it is suffering from such conditions. One should also avoid contaminated sources of water and try to drink bottled and packaged water, especially while travelling. Hygiene: It is important to eat hygienically prepared food and wash your hands before and after meals so as to remove unhygienic triggers from the list that causes digestive disorders. Using alcohol free wipes in case you are suffering from loose motions and keeping a sanitiser handy at all times will also help in treating the condition. Medicines: The doctor may prescribe various kinds of medicines in order to fight the onset of such conditions as well for treatment of related symptoms like bloating and gas. This medication must always be kept handy so that the patient can have it as soon as the earliest symptoms arise.
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One of the most severe illnesses included in the larger group of diseases, is known as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Crohn's disease is typically a long-lasting, chronic condition. The intestine or bowel, most commonly the colon and the lower part of the small intestine, are either marked by sores or get inflamed and ulcerated. It is a common occurrence in adolescents and in young adults. Types : Crohn's disease is subdivided into five types, each having its own set of symptoms: Ileocolitis: The most common type, it affects the colon and the ileum and results in considerable weight loss as well as diarrhea and cramps. Gastroduodenal Crohn's disease: People who suffer from this type of disease have their stomach and duodenum affected and many experience symptoms like nausea, loss of appetite and weight loss. Crohn's Colitis: This involves only the stomach, and can cause joint pains, rectal bleeding, skin lesions and diarrheas. Ileitis: This type of Crohn's disease affects the ileum and the symptoms are identical to those of ileocolitis. Jejunoileitis: In this type, the jejunum gets affected and general symptoms include the formation of fistulas, diarrhea, intensive back pain as well as areas of inflammation. Causes: Although there are many theories about what causes Crohn's disease, none of them have been proven. However, there have been a few possible causes which have been identified. These include: Immune system problems Genetic disorders Environmental factors, such as: a) Certain edibles, b) Viruses or harmful bacteria, c) Smoke. Symptoms: The primary symptoms of Crohn's disease include the following: Diarrhea: Diarrhea is a common problem for people with Crohn's disease and can occur for about 10 to 20 times a day in severe cases. Blood in your stool: In rare cases, you might notice blood in the toilet bowl or darker blood mixed with your stool. Fever and fatigue: In more intense cases, you may develop a fever. You may also feel tired or have low energy. Abdominal pain and cramping: You may experience anything from slight discomfort to severe cramping and intermittent belly pain, including nausea and vomiting. Anemia: Due to a reduction in iron level caused by bloody stools a person can turn anemic. Reduced appetite and weight loss: Abdominal pain and cramping can affect both your appetite and your ability to digest food, which leads to severe weight loss. Perianal disease: Erratic appearance of small tears in the anus are called anal fissures.
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One of the most severe illnesses included in the larger group of diseases, is known as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Crohn's disease is typically a long-lasting, chronic condition. The intestine or bowel, most commonly the colon and the lower part of the small intestine, are either marked by sores or get inflamed and ulcerated. It is a common occurrence in adolescents and in young adults. Types : Crohn's disease is subdivided into five types, each having its own set of symptoms: Ileocolitis: The most common type, it affects the colon and the ileum and results in considerable weight loss as well as diarrhea and cramps. Gastroduodenal Crohn's disease: People who suffer from this type of disease have their stomach and duodenum affected and many experience symptoms like nausea, loss of appetite and weight loss. Crohn's Colitis: This involves only the stomach, and can cause joint pains, rectal bleeding, skin lesions and diarrheas. Ileitis: This type of Crohn's disease affects the ileum and the symptoms are identical to those of ileocolitis. Jejunoileitis: In this type, the jejunum gets affected and general symptoms include the formation of fistulas, diarrhea, intensive back pain as well as areas of inflammation. Causes: Although there are many theories about what causes Crohn's disease, none of them have been proven. However, there have been a few possible causes which have been identified. These include: Immune system problems Genetic disorders Environmental factors, such as: a) Certain edibles, b) Viruses or harmful bacteria, c) Smoke. Symptoms: The primary symptoms of Crohn's disease include the following: Diarrhea: Diarrhea is a common problem for people with Crohn's disease and can occur for about 10 to 20 times a day in severe cases. Blood in your stool: In rare cases, you might notice blood in the toilet bowl or darker blood mixed with your stool. Fever and fatigue: In more intense cases, you may develop a fever. You may also feel tired or have low energy. Abdominal pain and cramping: You may experience anything from slight discomfort to severe cramping and intermittent belly pain, including nausea and vomiting. Anemia: Due to a reduction in iron level caused by bloody stools a person can turn anemic. Reduced appetite and weight loss: Abdominal pain and cramping can affect both your appetite and your ability to digest food, which leads to severe weight loss. Perianal disease: Erratic appearance of small tears in the anus are called anal fissures.
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Popular Questions & Answers

Are the Recurrent anal abcesses or fistula and frequent burping, the signs of Chohn' disease?

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 90% (21632 ratings)
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Crohn's disease can sometimes cause life-threatening complications. Crohn's disease can cause abdominal pain, diarrhoea, weight loss, anaemia and fatigue. Some people may be symptom-free most of their lives, while others can have severe chronic symptoms that never go away. Crohn's disease cannot be cured. Medications such as steroids and immunosuppressants are used to slow the progression of disease. If these aren't effective, a patient may require surgery. Additionally, patients with Crohn's disease may need to receive regular screening for colorectal cancer due to increased risk.Crohn's disease can cause abdominal pain, diarrhoea, weight loss, anaemia and fatigue. Some people may be symptom-free most of their lives, while others can have severe chronic symptoms that never go away.
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