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Last Updated: Sep 05, 2019
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Crohn's Disease: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Crohn’s disease is basically a chronic inflammation disease that occurs in the digestive tract and affects the lining. It can be extremely painful. This disease is quite rare and does not have a cure as of now. However, the treatment focusses on making the condition more manageable.Crohn’s disease can last for many years, or even your entire life. The treatment centers on the symptoms of the disease including abdominal pain, fatigue, anaemia, vomiting, and any other complications that may develop from having this disease.

There are many treatment options available for Crohn’s disease, which is fortunate because not all the options tend to be effective on everyone. The effectiveness of the treatments largely depends on your medical history and your body type. Your doctor may recommend one or more of these treatment types as time goes on.

The first and main type of treatment is medication. You will be prescribed a series of drugs in dosages that are specific to your needs. Nutrition therapy is also commonly suggested for people who have Crohn’s disease.

Doctors also often prescribe immune system suppressors to help with the inflammation that comes with this disease. Furthermore, a series of other, random medications can also be prescribed to help you deal with symptoms or other complications that may occur.

If none of the treatment types work, your doctor may also suggest surgery in order to reduce the impact of the disease. While the surgery will not cure the disease itself, it can help gain relief from the symptoms of the disease.

How is the treatment done?

Crohn’s disease is only diagnosed after all other possible diseases and infections are ruled out. This is because there is no specific test designed to diagnose this disease. However, once it is determined that you have this, the treatment options will be laid out in front of you. One of the most commonly used treatment methods is to prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs.

Since Crohn’s disease leads to inflammation in the lining of your digestive tract, this is one of the best ways to combat it. Immune suppressants are another line of treatment. These medications target the immune system and dull the effects of the part of the system that causes inflammation to indicate that something is wrong. Often, this line of treatment works very well. Antibiotics are also another option.

As this disease affects the digestive system, nutrition therapy is one of the most important treatment types. Since the bowel is inflamed, it may not be able to absorb nutrition from food correctly. Therefore, a feeding tube is often administered, or nutrition is administered through an IV. This allows your bowel to rest and calm down, which reduces the overall inflammation as well.

Furthermore, nutrition therapy is often combined with medications. You will be required to have a low fiber diet in order to allow your body more time to absorb nutrients from food. Depending on the kinds of complications you develop from this disease, you can also be prescribe anti-diarrhoea medication, pain medication, nutritional supplements, pills to help you sleep, multivitamins, and other medications. The idea is to make the disease more manageable.

If none of these work, the doctor will perform a surgery. During the procedure, the damaged parts of the digestive tract will be taken out. However, it is important to note that this only helps you maintain and control the disease, and does not fully cure it. Surgery is quite common in people suffering from Crohn’s disease.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

People who have been diagnosed with Crohn’s disease are eligible for seeking out any of the treatment options. You can seek medical attention the minute you feel any discomfort.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People who have not been diagnosed with Crohn’s disease are not eligible for seeking out the treatment for the condition. People with Crohn’s disease who have not tried other treatments are usually advised not to jump into surgery straight away.

Are there any side effects?

Since there is a wide range of treatment options, there are multiple side effects with each that you need to be vary of. If you are being treated with medications that are anti-inflammatory, you may be prescribed corticosteroids. These should not be used for a prolonged time period and are mostly used when other medicines don’t work as they can lead to weakness in the bones.

If you are being treated with immune suppressants, some of the risks that can come with it are an increased vulnerability to infections in general, liver inflammation, brain disease, and weakness. With surgery, the side effects include bruising, swelling, pain, and a dependency on IV feedings if you develop a short gut.

It is important to note that the medications that you may be prescribed for other complications can have side effects too. You should not take too many pain killers as they can make the disease worse after a certain point. Antibiotics naturally raise the temperature of the body and you can expect a mild fever to occur while you are taking them.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Since there is no cure for Crohn’s disease, all the post treatment guidelines are applicable for the rest of your life. One of the most common guidelines is to watch your diet and ensure that any inflammatory food is not taken in the system. This can include dairy products, high fiber foods, and acidic foods. Spicy food, alcohol, and caffeine will need to be avoided as well. Other lifestyle changes such as reducing stress and quitting smoking are also ones that will have to be made. Regularizing your fluid intake and eating small meals can help you manage your Crohn’s disease in a better way.

How long does it take to recover?

Crohn’s disease can last for years, or even an entire lifetime. Therefore, there is no set recovery period for the same. Often, the disease goes into remission with the help of medications and a controlled diet. However, you can always expect it to eventually come back.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Most medications in India cost anywhere between Rs. 50 – Rs 150, depending on the brand you prefer and the dosage you have been prescribed. If you have Crohn’s disease, it is advisable to see a dietician. The cost of seeing a dietician in India can range from Rs. 3000 – Rs. 5000 per month. Finally, surgery can be quite expensive. It can cost anywhere between Rs. 1,50,000 to Rs. 4,00,000, depending on where you are getting the surgery and the city you live in. Hospitalization rates also differ largely from city to city.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of any treatment, including surgery, are not permanent when it comes to Crohn’s disease. This is because there is no cure for the disease. You can only hope to suppress the symptoms for as long as possible, or to make the disease a bit more bearable for yourself.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are certain home remedies and alternative treatments that you can look into to make the disease more manageable. Herbal and nutritional supplements can help, however it is advised to consult with your doctor before adding them to your diet. Some studies have found that adding probiotics to your diet can help with keeping the Crohn’s disease in remission. To manage pain, some people resort to acupuncture.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, I have been going through a nightmare with my body more so my colon over the past year. Back on May 17th of 2017 I was rushed to the hospital due to sepsis shock due to an infection that never showed it self. Lucky I survived, but been having issues since then. Since the infection in May of 2017 I been having unformed stools ranging from very soft to watery. About 30% of my bowel movements have contained blood. Over time they have appeared to be getting more flat and a lot of mucus on the soft ones. I been tested and have chronic disease and ulcerative colitis with diverticulosis. Now keep in mind this has been going on since May of 2017. Now on June/July of 2018 I been on a month long of antibiotics total of 7 different antibiotics and on aspriso. On September 16th of 2018 I went to the ED and had a cat scan done and it came back saying I have a decompress colon with intramural fat deposits throughout. They also did a c-diff test done and tested positive. I was in the hospital for 2 days and on vancomycin 2.5 ml every 6 hours for 10 days. Still having soft/watery stools with blood. On September 21st of 2018 I went back to the hospital where they did blood work and another cat scan. The radiologist has stated “ no acute findings in the abdomen or pelvis to explain patients pain”. But they know I have colitis, chrohns, and diverticulosis. There findings that day he said on the report has shown diverticulosis and also now bilateral uncomplicated fat-containing inguinal hernias. They never tested again for c-diff. I was sent home. On October 3rd of 2018 I went back to the ED at this point the vancomycin has been done and still the same symptoms. They tested for c-diff after I have argued with them. The test camp back positive within 27 min. I’m admitted again. They give me flagyl then vancomycin again. They did urine test and it came back with high protein and RBC but nothing else done with that. Then they did another cat scan that now came back with bowel wall thickening in the sigmoid part of my colon. 2 days later I’m discharged and sent home on a tapering vancomycin. I’m still having bloody soft/watery stools. But now I keep getting “ everything is fine there is nothing wrong”.

Masters In Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Gurgaon
Hi I believe you should discuss your concerns in detail with a mental health professional to gain an insight about nature of problem and ways to overcome it through psychotheraputic techniques Consult with me or any psychologist for therapy and co...

Sir mujhe paikhane ka problem hai. Mujhe paikhana laga rahta hai par jane par hota nahi hai. Pet hamesa bhara sa feel hota hai. Aur jab paikhana hota hai to usme mucus bhi nikalata hai. Pet me halka halka dard bhi hai.

Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
Ye amoebiasis ke karan hai. Jo ki ek chronic infection hota hai pet ka. Take home cooked, fresh light food. Drink boiled water. Take ors. Maintain active life style curd is good for u. Avoid fast foods, spicy n fried foods for details you can cons...
1 person found this helpful

I am having urge to defecate again and again after certain interval of time like every 2 hrs or 3 hrs and I can't control.

Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
Its because of stomach infection. 1.Take home cooked, fresh light food. 2. Drink boiled water. 3. Take ORS. 4. Avoid fast foods, spicy and fried foods 5. curd is good for you. For details you can consult me.

I am 44 years old I have currently suffering for last 10 months I am suffering for crohn's disease {ibd}. I am under medication but not getting relief, so what should I do? Can you prescribe me some diet.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Try avoiding butter, margarine, cream sauces and fried foods. Limit fiber, if it's a problem food. If you have inflammatory bowel disease, high-fiber foods, such as fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains, may make your symptoms worse. If raw...

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