What is Crohn’s Disease?
Crohn’s disease belongs to a set of conditions that are part of the inflammatory bowel disease or IBD group. A patient of the disease experiences digestive tract lining’s inflammation. This, in turn, can lead to a host of symptoms. In Crohn’s disease, different parts of the digestive tract are affected in different people. It is often seen that the inflammation spreads into the deeper layers of the bowel tissue affected. It may turn out to be both painful as well as debilitating and its complications may potentially threaten the life of a person.
Medical science is yet to find a cure for Crohn’s disease. But there are therapies that are able to reduce the severity of symptoms and even lead to remission for the long term. With the help of treatment, a person may resume most of his normal functions. Digestive Tract Areas Affected Some of the people affected by Crohn’s disease experience the condition only in the ileum or the last part of the small intestine while in others the affected area is the colon which is a component of the large intestine. These are the typical parts of the digestive tract affected by Crohn’s disease.
The cause and cure for Crohn’s disease alike remain yet to be determined. Earlier scientists suspected that stress and diet were the culprits but now it is held that they aggravate the disease but are not its cause. How the disease develops in a person is determined by a multitude of factors which include heredity and an immune system which is not functioning correctly.
There are various risk factors associated with Crohn’s disease which include: