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Overview

Caffeine

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Caffeine is the world?s most widely consumed psychoactive drug. Caffeine is naturally found in over 60 plants some of which are coffee beans, tea leaves, kola nut (from where cola is derived) and cacao pods (the source of chocolate). Synthetic caffeine is added to food like energy stimulating gums and ?energy drinks?, medicines for alertness, pain relievers and some cold medicines.

Caffeine affects the body?s metabolism process in many ways. Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system and makes one feel alert and energetic. It may sometimes increase the release of acid in the stomach, leading to heartburn or an upset stomach. It is also a diuretic. Caffeine may interfere with the absorption of calcium in the body. It can also increase blood pressure. Caffeine reaches its peak level in your blood, one hour after consumption. But its effects may last up to six hours.

However, consuming too much Caffeine may lead to same considerable side effects such as restlessness and shakiness, headaches, dizziness, insomnia, abnormal heart rhythm, anxiety, dehydration. Caffeine also comes with the risk of easy addiction. There have been various medical studies regarding caffeine some of which have revealed some harmful effects of Caffeine. Studies claim, Caffeine can, reduce fertility in women, increase the risk of heart attacks in young adults and it can worsen menopause symptoms.

In addition to its intended effect, Caffeine may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Headache
Increased blood pressure
Increased heart rate
Heart beat irregular.
Is It safe with alcohol?
Koltus p tablet may cause excessive drowsiness and calmness with alcohol.
Taking caffeine with alcohol may impair the motor coordination
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
Koltus p tablet may be unsafe to use during pregnancy.
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the foetus, however, there are limited human studies. The benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
Unknown. Human and animal studies are not available. Please consult your doctor.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Does this affect kidney function?
Caution to be advised in patients with impaired renal function.
This medicine should be used with caution in patients with underlying kidney disease. Please Consult your doctor.
Caution to be advised in patients with severe impaired renal function.
Does this affect liver function?
Use of this medicine should be avoided in patients with underlying liver disease.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.

Popular Questions & Answers

My weight is 56 kg. My age is 25 year n my height is 4'11" please advice me for loose wait.

Nutrition - Management of Weight & Lifestyle Related Disorders
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
My weight is 56 kg. My age is 25 year n my height is 4'11" please advice me for loose wait.
For weight loss. It is important to take frequent meals at regular interval of time. Empty stomach try to include 2 tsp aleovera juice+ 2 tsp amla juice in equal amount of water. In Breakfast you can museli/oats+ milk+ 1 apple /1 bowl green moong dal sprouts/1-2 besan cheela+ green chutney. In mid morning 1 cup green tea + 1 bowl fruits. Lunch 1-2 wheat bran roti+ 1bowl veg+ 1 bowl salad/1 bowl veg daliya + 1bowl curd E.T:1 cup tea+ 1bowl roasted channa/murmura Dinner: 1 bowl fruits+ 1glass skimmed milk/Grilled/roasted paneer/1-2 bowl cooked yellow moong dal+ 1bowl veg. After Dinner Take 1 cup jasmine tea. Drink soy milk and lots of water. Take fish oil and salmon. Include more fiber in the diet. Use low fat milk, brown sugar, flax seed. Take good sleep. 10 minutes of sunlight for vitamin D.Avoid salt in the diet, caffeine, processed foods like instant noodles, pies, bread rolls, artificial sugar, diet coke, sweetener, spices and hot spicy foods.
1 person found this helpful

I have a desk job and in the last 2 years, my weight has gone up from 65 kgs to 75 kgs. I want to lose weight. Please help.

Nutrition - Management of Weight & Lifestyle Related Disorders
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
I have a desk job and in the last 2 years, my weight has gone up from 65 kgs to 75 kgs. I want to lose weight. Please...
For weight loss. It is important to take frequent meals at regular interval of time. Empty stomach try to include 2 tsp aleovera juice+ 2 tsp amla juice in equal amount of water. In Breakfast you can museli/oats+ milk+ 1 apple /1 bowl green moong dal sprouts/1-2 besan cheela+ green chutney. In mid morning 1 cup green tea + 1 bowl fruits. Lunch 1-2 wheat bran roti+ 1bowl veg+ 1 bowl salad/1 bowl veg daliya + 1bowl curd E.T:1 cup tea+ 1bowl roasted channa/murmura Dinner: 1 bowl fruits+ 1glass skimmed milk/Grilled/roasted paneer/1-2 bowl cooked yellow moong dal+ 1bowl veg. After Dinner Take 1 cup jasmine tea. Drink soy milk and lots of water. Take fish oil and salmon. Include more fiber in the diet. Use low fat milk, brown sugar, flax seed. Take good sleep. 10 minutes of sunlight for vitamin D.Avoid salt in the diet, caffeine, processed foods like instant noodles, pies, bread rolls, artificial sugar, diet coke, sweetener, spices and hot spicy foods.
1 person found this helpful

I was initially May 2017 being treated for hypothyroidism (thyroids) my reports were t3- 1.17 ,t4 - 7.5,TSH - 19.33, anti tpo - 1300, alt - 113, sgot - 80. My wt -90 kg. My current report are t3 - 2.01, t4 - 94. 74nmol/ml, TSH - 3.41, sgot - 46 U/L, sgpt - 110 U/L. I started with eltroxin but stopped after 2 months as I had the apprehension that this will make me thyroxine dependent. My only issue is that I gain weight fast but am unable to loose weight. It requires almost 2-3 hours of workout daily along with diet control for me to lose weight. Can you Please suggest me something for weight loos?

Nutrition - Management of Weight & Lifestyle Related Disorders
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
I was initially  May 2017 being treated for hypothyroidism (thyroids) my reports were t3- 1.17 ,t4 - 7.5,TSH - 19.33,...
For weight loss. It is important to take frequent meals at regular interval of time. Empty stomach try to include 2 tsp aleovera juice+ 2 tsp amla juice in equal amount of water. In Breakfast you can museli/oats+ milk+ 1 apple /1 bowl green moong dal sprouts/1-2 besan cheela+ green chutney. In mid morning 1 cup green tea + 1 bowl fruits. Lunch 1-2 wheat bran roti+ 1bowl veg+ 1 bowl salad/1 bowl veg daliya + 1bowl curd E.T:1 cup tea+ 1bowl roasted channa/murmura Dinner: 1 bowl fruits+ 1glass skimmed milk/Grilled/roasted paneer/1-2 bowl cooked yellow moong dal+ 1bowl veg. After Dinner Take 1 cup jasmine tea. Drink soy milk and lots of water. Take fish oil and salmon. Include more fiber in the diet. Use low fat milk, brown sugar, flax seed. Take good sleep. 10 minutes of sunlight for vitamin D.Avoid salt in the diet, caffeine, processed foods like instant noodles, pies, bread rolls, artificial sugar, diet coke, sweetener, spices and hot spicy foods. Donot include any soy products in your diet.

I have a desk job and My weight increased too much. I don't know what to do.Please suggest me something for weight loos.

Nutrition - Management of Weight & Lifestyle Related Disorders
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
I have a desk job and My weight increased  too much. I don't know what to do.Please suggest me something for weight l...
For weight loss. It is important to take frequent meals at regular interval of time. Empty stomach try to include 2 tsp aleovera juice+ 2 tsp amla juice in equal amount of water. In Breakfast you can museli/oats+ milk+ 1 apple /1 bowl green moong dal sprouts/1-2 besan cheela+ green chutney. In mid morning 1 cup green tea + 1 bowl fruits. Lunch 1-2 wheat bran roti+ 1bowl veg+ 1 bowl salad/1 bowl veg daliya + 1bowl curd E.T:1 cup tea+ 1bowl roasted channa/murmura Dinner: 1 bowl fruits+ 1glass skimmed milk/Grilled/roasted paneer/1-2 bowl cooked yellow moong dal+ 1bowl veg. After Dinner Take 1 cup jasmine tea. Drink soy milk and lots of water. Take fish oil and salmon. Include more fiber in the diet. Use low fat milk, brown sugar, flax seed. Take good sleep. 10 minutes of sunlight for vitamin D.Avoid salt in the diet, caffeine, processed foods like instant noodles, pies, bread rolls, artificial sugar, diet coke, sweetener, spices and hot spicy foods. Take out time for some physical acitivity.

I have a desk job from last 2 years and my weight has been gone upto 75 to 80 please help.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Post graduate diploma in Dietetics and clinical nutrition, Diploma in yoga teacher
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Dhule
I have a desk job from last 2 years and my weight has been gone upto 75 to 80 please help.
Move every 30 mins while sitting at work, add more fresh fruits and have green tea, take a steps over lift.

Popular Health Tips

5 Things To Help You Sleep Better!

Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Kolkata
5 Things To Help You Sleep Better!

Lack of sleep can make you feel tired, worn-out and less productive the next day. However, it might not be your fault entirely because the brain tends to become active when the body is at rest, which could be a reason why you aren’t getting enough sleep at night.

Here are a few tips which might be useful for you to sleep at night:

  1. Keep your room dark: Even the faintest light from your mobile is enough to disrupt your sleep. Thus, try and switch off all your lights and gadgets before going to sleep. If doing that doesn’t help either, use an eye mask to keep the light out.

  2. Carefully select your dinner: Don’t go to bed hungry or overstuffed because either of them might cause discomfort while sleeping and lead to a disruption in your sleep. Also, limit your alcohol consumption at night to refrain from making numerous trips to the washroom. Avoid consuming nicotine and caffeine before going to bed as they take a long time to wear off and can cause havoc in your sleep routine.

  3. Don’t exercise before going to bed: Exercising daily is a necessity as it keeps your body healthy and in shape, but exercising right before going to bed can be disruptive as it might make you more pumped up due to the adrenaline rush. Thus, you should avoid exercising heavily right before going to bed.

  4. Plug out all your devices: Create a technology free zone by plugging out all your devices one hour prior to your usual sleep time. The blue light radiated from your devices can trick your brain into believing that it is daylight and cause a disruption in circadian rhythm (which is an ongoing 24-hour physiological process which is regulated by external factors such as sunlight and temperature).

  5. Consume snooze food: Certain food items can be classified as snooze foods as they ensure better sleep at night. Warm milk contains ‘tryptophan’ which is a precursor to melatonin (hormone that is responsible for the onset of sleep) and ensures better sleep or you could have a spoon of honey which releases ‘orexin’ (a chemical that affects wakefulness and appetite) that reduces alertness levels.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

 

2 people found this helpful

Osteoporosis: Management and Prevention!

MCh Ortho, DNB Ortho, MS Ortho, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Osteoporosis: Management and Prevention!

The bone is one of the hardest substances in the body. It is equal to a matrix which is filled with various minerals like calcium and phosphorus. With age, people lose on the minerals and what remains is the porous matrix. This is a very common condition in elderly people and is known as osteoporosis - osteo for bone, and porosis for the porous condition.

The good news is that this condition can be managed and the onset can also be prevented.

Management: This involves a multi-pronged approach, covering lifestyle changes, diet, exercise, and medications.

  1. Lifestyle changes: Quitting smoking and reducing alcohol help in improving osteoporosis.
  2. Diet: Improving vitamin D, calcium intake, and protein supplements help in preventing the onset of osteoporosis. If you do not get the required amounts of vitamins and calcium from the diet, you may be advised to take supplements.
  3. Exercise: The main issue that people face due to osteoporosis is that the bones get brittle and can fracture and lead to frequent falls. Exercising regularly by including some weight-bearing workouts can a help in strengthening the bones, thus preventing fracture.
  4. Reduce the incidences of falls: It is very essential to alter the living spaces to reduce incidence of falls. This could include improved lighting, using anti-fall rugs, regular eye checks, etc.
  5. Medications: Bisphosphonates is the most commonly used drugs for osteoporosis. In addition, hormonal supplements are also used in women who are post-menopausal.

Prevention would include understanding risk factors and working on reducing the impact of these, as below.

  • Calcium supplements are suggested for people with a family history. This helps in strengthening the bone matrix and thereby prolongs porous bone formation.
  • Women over the age of 40 should take calcium supplements. Menopause is a major risk factor, and this is particularly due to the hormonal changes (lowered levels of estrogen).
  • Reducing cigarette smoking helps prolong osteoporosis, as smoking is a major risk factor. The risk is increased in women smokers.
  • Sedentary lifestyle is another risk factor, and therefore those who are at risk should engage in an active lifestyle. A regular exercise regime is very essential to keeping the bones agile and strong.

Dietary changes to prevent osteoporosis include:

  1. Diet rich in dairy products, as it helps by providing adequate calcium. Yoghurt consumption also helps in improving estrogen levels, and prevents osteoporosis.
  2. Eggs also help in improving calcium and estrogen levels in the body.
  3. Fish and meat are rich in calcium and protein, so help in preventing osteoporosis.
  4. Bananas improves calcium absorption, provides essential oils required for bone health.
  5. Cabbage helps in improving bone metabolism and improving calcium uptake by the bones.
  6. Reduce alcohol and caffeine intake.

So, while osteoporosis is inevitable given the natural bone structure, it can definitely be prevented and managed.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1481 people found this helpful

Black Tea - 6 Reasons Why It Is Healthy For You!

Phd - Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Black Tea - 6 Reasons Why It Is Healthy For You!

Black tea is widely consumed for its extensive health benefits. This variety of tea has a strong flavor and is more oxidized than other tea leaves. The name is attributed to the tea’s dark color. While the caffeine content of black tea is a bit of a concern to few, the benefits outdo the disadvantages.

  1. Cardiovascular benefits: Regular consumption of black tea greatly mitigates the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Antioxidants like flavonoids can counter the oxidation of cholesterol. Furthermore, it prevents damage to the artery walls and blood stream. Studies have proved that consumption of black tea can reverse a coronary condition known as the endothelial vasomotor dysfunction. Black tea contains manganese and polyphenols which in turn helps the cardiac muscle to function well and reduce blood clots.
  2. Prevention of cancer: The polyphenol content in black tea is a potential carcinogen blocker for the body. It is believed to be capable of preventing cancers such in prostate, lung, bladder and breast. Another component present black tea known as the TF-2 is responsible for apoptosis. It can also play a major role in suppressing malignant tumors.
  3. Beneficial to the immune system: Black tea contains a component known as the “tannins” that helps the immune system to counter viruses such as hepatitis, flu, influenza etc. Tannin can also suppress tumor formation. 3-4 cups of black tea a day can help to lower the inflammation and eradicate unwanted pathogen in the body.
  4. Fight free radical: Too much of free radicals in the body can cause serious diseases such as cancer, atherosclerosis and blood clots. This is primarily caused by unhealthy consumption of food. Black tea contains antioxidants that are helpful in eliminating the free radicals and help the body refrain from cardiovascular and Alzheimer’s disease. Black tea accompanies with lemon can do wonders for the body.
  5. Stimulate the nervous system and the brain: Compared to a cup of coffee, black tea contains a much lower portion of caffeine that is helpful in mental alertness. This, however, doesn’t stimulate the heart. L-theanine, the amino acid found in black tea helps to focus keep the concentration going for a longer duration. Furthermore, consumption of 3-4 cups of black tea a day reduces cortisol in the body that in turn reduces the stress. Black tea is also reportedly a good safeguard against the Parkinson’s disease.
  6. The digestive tract: Black tea goes a long way in helping the body to digest well. The tannins present in the black tea combat the intestinal and gastric illnesses with a therapeutic effect on them. Black tea is also capable of decreasing the activity of the intestine. They possess an anti-diarrhoea effect on the body. 2 cups of black tea do the trick in this case.
1 person found this helpful

The Many Myths About Blood Pressure And Heart Rate!

MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
The Many Myths About Blood Pressure And Heart Rate!

It is natural to consider whether your heart is beating right and your blood pressure is normal. Also, many tend to think that the blood pressure and heart rate are related to each other. Admit it or not, you must have heard a lot about your heart rate and blood pressure, some of which are outright false. This is the time to debunk them and know what actually the reality is.

Myth #1: Having an erratic heart rate indicates that you will have a heart attack soon
When the heart beats at an abnormal rate, it means you have a condition called palpitation. It may give you feeling as if you have skipped a beat or your heart is racing up. You may also experience a brief flutter or pounding feeling in the chest. The good news is that these sensations are not life-threatening and are generally caused by caffeine, alcohol, medication, stress or exercise.

Myth#2: When the pulse rate is fast, it means you are overstressed
Stress is a condition which may raise the pulse rate. But your heart rate can rise when you feel excited or feel anxious or exercise hard. Even high temperature and high humidity can raise your pulse.

Myth #3: Normal heart rate denotes normal blood pressure
At times, blood pressure and heart rate go hand in hand. For instance, when you feel angry or scared or exercise hard, both of them can go up. But you should note here that they are not always linked. Even if the heart rate is normal, your blood pressure may not be so. It could be too high or too low, but you wouldn’t be able to understand it.

Myth #4: Blood pressure and heart rate are same things
It is important to understand the difference between pulse rate and heart rate. Blood pressure is the term denoting the force of blood moving through the blood vessel. On the other hand, heart rate is the number of times the heart beats in a minute. They are two absolutely separate indicators of health. This means if you have high blood pressure or hypertension, there is no substitute for measuring blood pressure.

Myth #5: Heart rate and blood pressure rise and fall at the same rate
As indicated above, a rising heart rate may not be able to cause the blood pressure to surge at the same rate. Even though the heart is beating more than normal, the healthy blood vessels may dilate to allow easy blood flow. When we exercise, the heart speeds up in order to pump an adequate amount of the blood to the muscles. It could be that your heart rate is doubled, but it is safe since your blood pressure has increased only at a modest rate.
 

1 person found this helpful

New Mom - 4 Ways To Manage Stress!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, PhD(breast diseases)
Gynaecologist, Chandigarh
New Mom - 4 Ways To Manage Stress!

It is common to go nuts when your newborn begins moaning! You'd need to have the nerves of a bomb-squad professional not to give it a chance to get to you. In any case, with a little experience, that is exactly what you'll create (or near it).

Likewise, don't accept that your baby is crying since she's genuinely tragic or upset. "It's anything but difficult to feel along these lines since that is the reason we cry. Nonetheless, newborn children do it to impart a wide range of things - that they're drained, icy, wet, exhausted, hungry, or overstimulated. Instead of stressing that something is truly wrong, consider crying her method for conversing with you." As you build up a routine with your baby, you'll slowly have the capacity to make sense of what she needs just by the sound of her cries.

Numerous new moms may feel overpowered and ponder:

Take comfort; numerous new moms feel a similar way. These worries are basic and superbly ordinary. You can find a way to deal with the stretch of being another mother.

  1. Rest: Get as much rest as you can, wherever and at whatever point you can. Rest when the baby dozes. Get a brisk rest in the traveler's seat amid an auto ride.

  2. Eat Healthy Foods: The right foods can give you more vitality. Do whatever it takes not to overburden on caffeine. Rather, eat healthy foods and drink lots of water.

  3. Work out: You might not have sufficient energy to do long workouts. In any case, even a couple of minutes here and there spread for the duration of the day can help you have more vitality! Take baby for a walk.

  4. Expect an influx of emotions: Absence of rest, included stretch and stress can abandon you having an inclination that you're on an exciting ride of emotions all around the same time. Relax because of realizing that you're not the only one!

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!