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Overview

Uti - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is UTI?

UTI or Urinary Tract Infection mostly happen when bacteria enter our urinary track through the urethra and begins to spread and multiple inside the bladder. Although our urinary system has got its own defenses, but it sometimes fails to resist the invaders. When this happens, bacteria take hold on our body and then grow into a full-blown infection inside the urinary track. UTI, most commonly occur among women.

UTI is of two types like:

  • Cystitis or infection of the bladder
  • Urethritis or the infection of the urethra
  • Cystitis is usually caused by E. coli (Escherichia coli) bacteria which are commonly found in the GI (Gastro Intestinal) track. Although you don’t have to sexually active to develop this disease, but many a times sexual intercourse can be held responsible for this disease. In fact, all women are at a risk of this disease, more because of their anatomy, whereby they have a short distance from the urethra to the anus.Urethritis on the other hand occurs when GI bacteria spread from the anus to the urethra. Sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea, herpes, chlamydia and mycoplasma also enhances the possibility of this disease.

The risk factors that affect the UTIs are:

  • Babies born with urinary track abnormalities that don’t allow the urine to leave the body in a normal way, causes the urine to go back in the urethra have an increased risk of developing this disease.
  • Enlarged prostate or kidney stones can trap urine in the bladder, which can increase the risk of this illness.
  • Diseases that impair our immune system like diabetes, AIDS, cancer and others, which reduces our body’s defense against germs and bacteria can increase the risk of developing a UTI.
  • Examination of the urinary track that involves the use of medical instruments or a recent urinary surgery, both can even increase the chance of falling a prey to this disease.
  • When treated promptly, UTIs that happens in the lower part of the urinary track rarely leads to any major complications. But when UTIs are left untreated this infection can lead to serious consequences.

Complications :

Complications of a UTI can create permanent kidney damage from pyelonephritis (chronic kidney infection) which can happen because of an untreated UTI.Pregnant women with UTI can give birth to premature infants, with low birth weight.Urethral stricture or narrowing can happen in men who suffer from recurrent urethritis.According to the experts, women, those who have experienced three or more UTIs are susceptible to recurrent UTI infections.

Sepsis can also happen when this infection is left untreated and can create life threatening complications under such circumstances.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Symptoms
Pelvic pain and increased urge for urination. Back pain, which can result to nausea and vomiting. Blood found in the urine. Fever, which doesn’t seem to subside with normal anti-fever medications.

Popular Health Tips

UTI In Children - Understanding The Ways It Can Be Treated!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Paediatric Surgery
Pediatric Surgeon, Kolkata
UTI In Children - Understanding The Ways It Can Be Treated!

UTI stands for urinary tract infections. In children a urinary tract infection (UTI) is a very common condition caused by bacteria. Bacteria that enter the urethra are flushed out through urination. But, when bacteria aren’t excluded out of the urethra, they may grow in the urinary tract and cause infections. The Survey state that up to 8% of girls and 2% of boys will get a UTI at an early age. Sometimes the symptoms of UTI are hard to detect in kids so it is better to get your child treated, as it turn into serious kidney diseases. With a right treatment your child will feel better within few days. 

Symptoms of a UTI include: 

  1. Burning and pain during micturation. 
  2. Urgent need to go, but having a few drops of urine. 
  3. Fever and vomiting commonly occur during UTI. 
  4. Foul smell and cloudy urine. 

Causes 

  1. Bladder outlet obstruction like posterior urethral valve in males 
  2. Vesico ureteric reflux (VUR) 
  3. Uretero pelvic junction obstruction (UPJ Obstruction) 
  4. Constipation: Being constipated makes difficult to empty your bladder, which means trapped bacteria which increases risk of UTI. So in order to reduce the UTI risk, avoid constipation 
  5. Dehydration: Drinking water not only quenches your thirst, but it also avoids the risk of getting UTI. We should drink enough water so that we can flush out bacteria that can cause UTI. Drinking water also avoids the constipation problem. 
  6. Holding urine: Holding urine for 6 hours make UTI more common as bacteria in the bladder has lots of time to grow and cause infection. So ask your child to pass urine after few hours. 

Prevention 

  1. Avoid tight fitting clothes, especially for girl children. 
  2. Drink more and more liquids and eat fibre rich food. 
  3. Change the diaper of young child frequently. 
  4. Ask your child to go for urine immediately rather than holding. 
  5. Don’t give bubble bath to the child as it is a major source of bacteria. 

Investigations: 

  1. USG (KUB
  2. Urine routine examination and culture sensitivity 
  3. MCU (Micturating Cysto Urethrogram) 
  4. Urodynamic study 
  5. DTPA Scan 
  6. DMSA Scan 

Treatments 
The most common antibiotics used for treatment are:Amoxicillin and clavulanic acid, Sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, Ofloxacin, Cefixime etc Sometimes hospitalization is necessary in younger than 6 months old, if: 

  • The Child has a high fever and not improving. 
  • The child is vomiting and having dehydration.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1938 people found this helpful

Urinary Tract Infection - 8 Signs You Are Suffering From It!

M.Ch - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Guwahati
Urinary Tract Infection - 8 Signs You Are Suffering From It!

The urinary tract starts from the kidneys to the urethra where urine is passed out. Given the rich concentration of minerals and toxic wastes, it is highly prone to multiple infections. UTI, as urinary tract infections are often referred to, is one of the most common infections. In women, especially, every 1 in 2 women is affected by an UTI. Whichever part of the tract is affected, the symptoms and treatment are mostly the same. Read on to know some of the most common symptoms and treatment options for these.

Symptoms

  1. A burning sensation with urination
  2. Pain with urination
  3. Burning sensation or pain in the urethra or vagina
  4. Frequent urge to urinate, though not much urine is passed out
  5. Sense of incomplete emptying of the bladder
  6. Pain in the lower back on the sides of the spine
  7. Change in the urine characteristics color, smell, or appearance
  8. Fever or chills, maybe associated with shivering, nausea and vomiting

Causes

Most urinary tract infections are bacterial in nature, and these could find their way into the body through multiple ways.

  1. The most common is through the urethra, which could happen due to unclean toilet habits.
  2. Women especially are advised to wipe the urethra after each toilet visit. The bacteria from the feces can also enter the urethra due to close proximity
  3. Use of unclean public toilets is another reason for UTIs

Tests

Though most often UTI does not require specific testing, the following are useful in confirming the diagnosis.

  1. Culture and sensitivity: The urine is sent for a culture to identify the exact organism that has caused the infection. It also helps identify the right antibiotic which will help bring the infection under control.

Treatment:

UTIs are very common infections and though there is nothing to worry, it should be cleared completely.

  1. Antibiotic course to get rid of the infection. Though you begin to feel better, the complete course should be completed to clear the infection.
  2. Following culture testing to ensure the infection is cleared
  3. Improve water intake to get rid of the toxins
  4. Fever and pain to be controlled with medications
  5. Healthy hygiene habits to ensure clearing of infection

Prevention:

Recurrent UTIs is a common problem, and the following can help prevent.

  1. Ensure complete emptying of the bladder
  2. Drink adequate water
  3. Safe toilet habits, including before and after sex
  4. Comfortable and clean underwear to prevent infection 

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an urologist.

2981 people found this helpful

Urinary Tract Infection - Signs You are Suffering From it!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Urinary Tract Infection - Signs You are Suffering From it!

A urinary tract infection can be painful and annoying. Most urinary tract infections affect the bladder and urethra, but it can also affect the kidneys and ureter. Women have a higher risk of suffering from this infection as compared to men. This is because women have a shorter urethra than men and hence the bacteria needs to travel a shorter distance to reach the bladder. Urinary tract infections can usually be treated easily with a course of antibiotics as long as they are detected in time. If not detected in time, it can affect the kidneys which make it a more serious problem. Hence, it becomes important to be able to recognise the signs of this infection.

Some of the symptoms to watch out for are:

  1. A persistent urge to urinate but low volume of urine produced
  2. A burning sensation while urinating
  3. Cloudy urine
  4. Blood in the urine which makes the urine appear red, pink or blackish
  5. Strong smell of the urine
  6. Pelvic pain

A urinary tract infection that affects the urethra is also known as urethritis. A burning sensation when urinating and discharge along with urine are the most prominent symptoms of this type of infection. When this infection affects the bladder it comes to be known as cystitis. Cystitis patients typically suffer from frequent and painful urination along with discomfort in the lower abdomen and pressure in the pelvic area. They may also notice blood in the urine.

Acute pyelonephritis refers to a urinary infection that affects the kidneys. In such cases, along with the typical symptoms, the patient may also experience high fever, nausea, shivering and pain in the upper back and sides of the abdomen.

This infection can affect a person at any age. Most women suffer from at least one bout of urinary tract infections in their lifetime. Some of the factors that increase the risk of suffering from this infection are:
Certain types of birth control such as diaphragms and spermicidal agents

  1. Menopause
  2. New sexual partners
  3. Urinary tract abnormalities
  4. Kidney stones or other blockages in the urinary tract
  5. Weakened immune system
  6. Use of catheters
  7. Recent urinary procedures that involve the use of medical instruments

Urinary tract infection can be easily prevented by living a healthy lifestyle. Drink plenty of fluids to flush bacteria and other toxins from your body. Bacteria multiplies in the bladder if urine stays for too long. Hence, urinate frequently and do not try to control your bladder. Avoid synthetic underwear and wear cotton underwear with loose fitting clothes that keep the area around the urethra dry.


How to prevent recurrent urinary tract infections
A urinary tract infection or UTI can be quite painful and uncomfortable. This infection can be described as an infection that affects the ureter, urethra, bladder or kidneys. Women have a shorter urethra than men which makes this more vulnerable to this kind of infection. It is said that most women suffer from at least one bout of this infection in a lifetime. Urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria and may often recur after treatment. However, in most cases, this can easily be prevented. Here are a few tips to help prevent recurrent urinary tract infections.

  1. Drink plenty of fluids: Ideally, we should drink 8-10 glasses of water a day at regular intervals. This keeps the body hydrated and flushes toxins and bacteria from the body. Water also prevents the formation of kidney stones that could increase your risk of suffering from a urinary tract infection.
  2. Urinate frequently: If you drink the required amount of water, you will typically need to urinate frequently. Do not try to control your bladder. Holding your urine in your bladder allows bacteria to multiply inside the bladder. This is an easy way for a UTI to begin.
  3. Follow healthy bathroom habits: Cleanliness is the first step to preventing any infection. When using public restrooms, flush the toilet before and after urinating. In the case of women, it becomes important to ensure that the seat of the toilet is clean as well. After urinating wipe the residual urine with toilet paper in a motion that goes from front to back. Since the urethra is situated very close to the rectum, this step is very important. For uncircumcised men, it is important to wash the foreskin after urination.
  4. Wear loose clothes: Tight fitting clothes trap moisture and aid in the multiplication of bacteria. Hence, always wear loose fitting clothes that keep the area around the urethra dry. Also, avoid synthetic underwear and only wear cotton underwear.
  5. Urinate after intercourse: The relative closeness of the vagina to the urethra makes it easy for bacteria to enter the urethra during intercourse. Hence, make it a habit of washing your pubic region after urinating. This helps flush out any possible bacteria that may have entered your body.
  6. Choose the correct method of birth control: Certain types of birth control such as diaphragms and spermicidal agents can promote a urinary tract infection. Hence, it is best to avoid these types of birth control and pick alternatives. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
4102 people found this helpful

Pain in Urination - Common Reasons Behind it!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Urology
Urologist, Bangalore
Pain in Urination - Common Reasons Behind it!

If you are experiencing pain in urination along with a burning sensation, a health condition known as dysuria is indicated. This condition is usually common in women and men alike. However, older men are more prone to face this problem. Pain during urination may occur because of various reasons. The most common causes are as follows:
Infections

  1. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common cause of painful urination. Infections may occur in any part of your urinary tract, such as in the kidneys, bladder, and the ureters. These infections occur due to bacteria, which gets into the urinary tract via the urethra. There are several factors, which increase your chances of being affected by UTI. They include diabetes, an enlarged prostate, old age, pregnancy, and kidney stones. UTI is signified by other symptoms such as fever, bloody urines, flank pain, stronger smelling urine, and an increased urge for urination.
  2. At times, painful urination may also be associated with vaginal infections in women, like yeast infection. Vaginal discharge and foul odor are indicated in the case of vaginal infections.
  3. Painful urination is also caused because of certain sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as gonorrhea, genital herpes and Chlamydia.

Inflammation and irritation
There are several problems, which can cause inflammation of your urinary tract and genital region. This further results in painful urination. Inflammation and irritations also occur because of other factors such as urinary tract stones, vaginal changes associated with menopause, certain physical activities and the side effects of several medicines, treatment procedures and health supplements.

Consulting a doctor for painful urination
Your doctor will suggest you to undertake certain laboratory tests for the proper diagnosis of the cause of your painful urination. After this, a suitable treatment method is sought and undertaken. Before this, an overall physical examination is also carried out. Your doctor is likely to ask you some important questions regarding your painful irritation, how the condition worsens, and is felt during the onset of urination. It is also likely for your doctor to know about any other symptoms, which you might be experiencing such as fever, flank pain and vaginal discharge. You must tell your doctor about any changes observed in your urine flow, such as difficulty in initiating flow, an increased urge to urinate, and dribbling.

Apart from these, your doctor may also ask whether you experienced any character in urine after painful urination. These may include colour, amount, cloudiness, presence of pus in the urine and so on. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.

3589 people found this helpful

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) - How You Can Manage it With Home Remedies?

DGO, MAOGD, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Panchkula
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) - How You Can Manage it With Home Remedies?

Urinary tract infections (UTIs), which are infections anywhere along the urinary tract including the bladder and kidneys are on the most common infections in women. These infections can be caused by poor hygiene, impaired immune function, the overuse of antibiotics and the use of spermicides. The most common cause, accounting for about 90 percent of all cases, is the transfer of E. coli bacteria from the intestinal tract to the urinary tract.

Fortunately, there are a few methods of natural treatment and prevention that are drug free and prescription free and more than are effective as well. Go Natural!

Indian Gooseberry (Amla)
Indian Gooseberry is rich in vitamin C which in turn inhibits the growth of bacteria

  • Take a cup of water.
  • Add one teaspoon of Indian gooseberry (amla) powder and one teaspoon of turmeric powder.
  • Boil the solution until half the water evaporates.
  • Drink the residue three times a day for three to five days.

You can also eat more fruits like lemons, oranges, bananas, guava, kiwi, melon, raspberries, tomatoes, and papaya that contain a good amount of Vitamin C.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is a rich source of enzymes, potassium and other useful minerals that can prevent the bacteria that cause UTIs from multiplying or growing. Those suffering from UTIs can use apple cider vinegar as 

  • Natural antibiotic to treat the infection.
  • Add two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar to a glass of water. You can also add lemon juice and sweeten with honey. Mix it well.
  • Drink this two times a day for a few days

Baking Soda
Baking soda will raise the acid-base balance of acidic urine and give you relief from the pain. Neutralizing the acidity in the urine also will help speed up recovery. Simply add one teaspoon of baking soda to a glass of water and drink it once or twice a day.

Blueberries
Blueberries have bacteria-inhibiting properties that can help in the treatment of UTIs. The antioxidants present in blueberries are good for the immune system, and they prevent growth of bacteria that causes UTIs.

  • You can add some fresh blueberries to your favorite cereal and have it for breakfast.
  • You can also make fresh blueberry juice and have it daily, in the morning and at night for quick results. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
2806 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I have face the problem in my toilet area, means I am go to toilet 10 to 13 times for a whole day.in night I am go to 4 to 5 times, whenever I am go to more times in a toilet after 10 to 12 times I feel burn in my penis, I have done all tst but no sugar and infection r there in my urine. So please tell me the reason and solution in mu mail id. Regards,

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Certificate Course In Evidence Based Diabetes Management, Certificate Course In Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetologist, Sri Ganganagar
Hi sir, You might be suffering from some infection of the intestines. Check for the stool examination. Taking medicines for a week or so will cure your problem.
1 person found this helpful

I am 32 years old woman. Mujhe urine area mei bahot khujli ho rahi 3-4 din se. Mai kya karun? Kya Alkasol le sakte hain ya nahi?

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Fungal infection or Ring worm. When occurs in groin, called as jock itch. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds. It's mostly circular or round in appearance. May be red or black in colour. Treatment depending on the type and severity. Avoid sharing clothes, towels and soap; sweating also increases it. As it has to be differentiated from eczema and infection, its a must to see and confirm the diagnosis for proper treatment. So, please send photos of the affected area for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
1 person found this helpful

I am taking some medicine for bulge spines and Lumber spondylitis, and my urine passes little painful and colour of urine became little reddish. But if I drink 2-3 glass of water at a time, it becomes of natural colour. Should I test my urine sample?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB - Orthopedics, MCh (Ortho)
Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
The medicines that you mentioned should not change the colour of urine when taken. As you explained it appears to be simple dehydration. But if you have complaints of burning sensation during urination then you should definitely do your urine test.
1 person found this helpful

I had done my urine routine after my delivery. Here are my values Albumin: Trace 2-4 pus cells 3-6 E P cells 10-16 RB cells What does ot means?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
If you still had vaginal discharge when this was done it could be mix up of that. In that case urine needs to be collected with special precautions. If no discharge and you got this report then need to be shown to doctor.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is UTI?

UTI is of two types like:

The risk factors that affect the UTIs are:

Complications :

Play video
Kidney Stones And UTI
How Ayurveda can help in treatment of Kidney stones And UTI?
Play video
Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection from microbes. It can happen anywhere in your urinary tract. Symptoms of a UTI depend on what part of the urinary tract is infected.
Play video
Urinary Tract Infection And Kidney Stones
Ayurvedic treatment for Kidney stones And UTI
Play video
Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection from microbes. It can happen anywhere in your urinary tract.Symptoms of a UTI depend on what part of the urinary tract is infected. Treatment of UTIs depends on the cause. Your doctor will be able to determine which organism is causing the infection from the test results used to confirm the diagnosis.
Play video
Link Between Sexual Intercourse And Urination
Namashkar!

Mai Dr. Shailendra Kumar Goel, Principal consultant Urologist and Renal Transplant Surgeon, Sexologist and Enderologist. Mai aapko aaj sexual samasyaon ke baare mei thoda jaankari Dena chahta hun. Sexual samasya mostly hamare adhiktar iss wajah se hoti hain kyuki sex sambandhit samasyaein ham apni family mei apne parents ke sath koi discuss nhi karta hai. Aur hamare education system mei sex ke baare mei kuch padhaya nhi jaata hai. To mai ek common si chiz pehle bataunga ki urine ka aur sex ka kya sambandh hai. Jaise female patients hoti hai, mahilaon ko sex ke baad urine jana chahiye.

Kyuki hota kya hai ki sex vo karte hain to vagina mei normally bohot saare bacteria hote hain aur sex ke thrust ke dauraan, vo bacteria peshab ki thaili mei chale jaate hain. Aur yadi mahila sex ke baad urine kar le to vo bacteria almost saare bahar nikal jaate hain aur agar 1-2 bachta bhi hai to body ki immunity use cover kar leti hai. Lekin agar vo urine nhi karti hai to bohot saare jo ye bacteria bladder mei gye hai ye UTI kar dete hain jise hum commonly Honeymoon cystitis kehte hain. Kuch females hoti hain jinko baar baar UTI ki samasya hoti hai to unko bilkul ye chiz dhyan rakhni hoti hai ki sex ke baad urine jayein. Jabki Aisa males yani purushon Mei bilkul ulta hota hai. Hota kya hai ki jis samay unke sex gland open hote hain, kyuki usi peshaab ke raaste se peshaab bhi karte hain aur usi raaste se virye nikalta hai. Lekin dono kaam sath nhi ho sakte. Jaise ek hi gale se ham paani bhi peete hai, baat bhi karte hai, khana bhi khate hain lekin ek sath koi chiz nhi karte hain.

Yadi ham khana khate samay saans lete hain ya paani peete samay saans lete hain to agar paani ka 1 boond bhi saans ki nali mei jata hai to buri halat ho jati hai. Usi tarike se jab virye gland open hoti hain aur agar uss samay aap urine karenge to peshab, virye ki granthi mei jayega aur prostrate aur virye ki granthi mei infection karega. To purushon ko sex ke baad urine nhi jana chahiye atleast for 15-30 mins. Aur yadi unhe aisa lagta hai to unhe pehle jana chahiye. Dusri chiz ejaculation. Purushon ko apna virye regular intervals par nikalte rehna chahiye atleast hafte mei 1-2 baar. Kyuki agar vo virye ko bohot dino tak rokte hain ya brahmcharya ka palan karte hain to ye virye jo granthi mei andar ruko hua hota hai ye infect hone ke chance hote hain aur usmei sankraman ho jata hai. Isliye jawan ladko mei iss tarah ke infections bohot dekhne ko milte hain. Aur yadi vo virye regular nikaal rehte hain to iss tarah ke sankraman ke chances kam rehte hain.

Aur yadi koi shadi-shuda nhi hai aur sex nhi kar raha hai to masturbation yani hasth maithun unhein karna chahiye. Hamare yahan pranti hai ki haath maithun karne se kuch dikkat ho jaati hai but aisa kuch nhi hai. Hasth maithun ek sadharan jaivik prakriya hai aur isko karne se koi nuksaan nhi hota rather isse faeda hota hai. To hasth maithun karna chahiye. Aur virye ka nikal jana behtar hota hai chahe ye nightfall mei nikle. Nightfall koi bimari nahi hai. Ye jab virye apne aap jab zada ho jata hai to vo bahar nikal jata hai. To nightfall ya masturbation koi bimari nhi hai aur inse koi maansik tanav naa palein. Hamare yahan adhiktar jo yon samasyaein hoti hain vo ek maansik samasya zada hoti hain kyuki hame jo knowledge hoti hai vo hamare mitro se aur net se jo ham ulta seedha dekh lete hain unse hoti hai. To iske liye proper apne Sexologist ya Enderologist se milna chahiye.

Dhanyavad!
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice