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Uti - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is UTI?

UTI or Urinary Tract Infection mostly happen when bacteria enter our urinary track through the urethra and begins to spread and multiple inside the bladder. Although our urinary system has got its own defenses, but it sometimes fails to resist the invaders. When this happens, bacteria take hold on our body and then grow into a full-blown infection inside the urinary track. UTI, most commonly occur among women.

UTI is of two types like:

  • Cystitis or infection of the bladder
  • Urethritis or the infection of the urethra
  • Cystitis is usually caused by E. coli (Escherichia coli) bacteria which are commonly found in the GI (Gastro Intestinal) track. Although you don’t have to sexually active to develop this disease, but many a times sexual intercourse can be held responsible for this disease. In fact, all women are at a risk of this disease, more because of their anatomy, whereby they have a short distance from the urethra to the anus.Urethritis on the other hand occurs when GI bacteria spread from the anus to the urethra. Sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea, herpes, chlamydia and mycoplasma also enhances the possibility of this disease.

The risk factors that affect the UTIs are:

  • Babies born with urinary track abnormalities that don’t allow the urine to leave the body in a normal way, causes the urine to go back in the urethra have an increased risk of developing this disease.
  • Enlarged prostate or kidney stones can trap urine in the bladder, which can increase the risk of this illness.
  • Diseases that impair our immune system like diabetes, AIDS, cancer and others, which reduces our body’s defense against germs and bacteria can increase the risk of developing a UTI.
  • Examination of the urinary track that involves the use of medical instruments or a recent urinary surgery, both can even increase the chance of falling a prey to this disease.
  • When treated promptly, UTIs that happens in the lower part of the urinary track rarely leads to any major complications. But when UTIs are left untreated this infection can lead to serious consequences.

Complications :

Complications of a UTI can create permanent kidney damage from pyelonephritis (chronic kidney infection) which can happen because of an untreated UTI.Pregnant women with UTI can give birth to premature infants, with low birth weight.Urethral stricture or narrowing can happen in men who suffer from recurrent urethritis.According to the experts, women, those who have experienced three or more UTIs are susceptible to recurrent UTI infections.

Sepsis can also happen when this infection is left untreated and can create life threatening complications under such circumstances.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Symptoms
Pelvic pain and increased urge for urination. Back pain, which can result to nausea and vomiting. Blood found in the urine. Fever, which doesn’t seem to subside with normal anti-fever medications.

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Popular Questions & Answers

I have face the problem in my toilet area, means I am go to toilet 10 to 13 times for a whole day.in night I am go to 4 to 5 times, whenever I am go to more times in a toilet after 10 to 12 times I feel burn in my penis, I have done all tst but no sugar and infection r there in my urine. So please tell me the reason and solution in mu mail id. Regards,

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Certificate Course In Evidence Based Diabetes Management, Certificate Course In Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetologist, Sri Ganganagar
Hi sir, You might be suffering from some infection of the intestines. Check for the stool examination. Taking medicines for a week or so will cure your problem.
2 people found this helpful

I am 32 years old woman. Mujhe urine area mei bahot khujli ho rahi 3-4 din se. Mai kya karun? Kya Alkasol le sakte hain ya nahi?

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Dermatologist, Chennai
Fungal infection or Ring worm. When occurs in groin, called as jock itch. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds. It's mostly circular or round in appearance. May be red or black in colour. Treatment depending on...
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I am taking some medicine for bulge spines and Lumber spondylitis, and my urine passes little painful and colour of urine became little reddish. But if I drink 2-3 glass of water at a time, it becomes of natural colour. Should I test my urine sample?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB - Orthopedics, MCh (Ortho)
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The medicines that you mentioned should not change the colour of urine when taken. As you explained it appears to be simple dehydration. But if you have complaints of burning sensation during urination then you should definitely do your urine test.
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I had done my urine routine after my delivery. Here are my values Albumin: Trace 2-4 pus cells 3-6 E P cells 10-16 RB cells What does ot means?

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If you still had vaginal discharge when this was done it could be mix up of that. In that case urine needs to be collected with special precautions. If no discharge and you got this report then need to be shown to doctor.
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Table of Content

What is UTI?

UTI is of two types like:

The risk factors that affect the UTIs are:

Complications :

Play video
Urinary Tract Infection
Hello, Me Dr. Amit Agarwal, Pediatric Nephrology. Aaj me apko urinary tract infection ke bare me btaunga jo bache kabhi na kbhi face krte hain. Iska mtlb hai urine me infection. Urine me infection ek early sign hai. Ye btata hai ki bache ke urinar...
Play video
Difficulty In Urination
Hello! I am Dr. Piyush Singhania, Urologist, practicing in Navi Mumbai. Today I will talk about a very common problem i.e. difficulty in urination. It can be of 2 types. 1st: Patient can't store it well and they have to rush to the bathroom every ...
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