Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Sepsis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Sepsis?

Although sepsis is a specific condition, but this disease follows on from a blood infection known as septicemia. This is the reason both these terms ‘sepsis’ and ‘septicemia’ are often used together.When our blood gets infected with the bacteria “bacteremia” people develop this life threatening disease.Sepsis is a cascade of worsening conditions. This disease is possible with anyone who is suffering from an infection that can develop a complication. However, people who have a weak immune system, chronic illnesses like AIDS, cancer, diabetes, liver and kidney disease have greater chances of getting infected with this disease.Sepsis can also develop because of severe burns and complicated wounds.

What Experts Says?

Experts are of the opinion that more people have invasive procedures or organ transplants or take immunosuppressant drugs the more they have the chances of getting infected with this disease.Physical examination of the patient is the only way to determine this disease. Generally a fever, pyrexia or hypothermia is associated with this illness. Also, people who have sepsis can have a heart rate more than 90-100 beats per minute, which is medically known as tachycardia. Along with it breathing rate over 20 per minute or low blood tension of carbon dioxide, is also found in patients with sepsis.Also, patients suffering from this disease have either low or high white blood cell count, which are known as leukopenia and leukocytosis respectively. Organ dysfunction is often associated with severe sepsis. People suffering from this disease often have insufficient blood flow in one or more organs in their body. There may also be abnormal blood clotting in patients suffering from this illness.

More about :

Severe sepsis is a very critical condition that has a mortality rate of around 40 percent. Severe sepsis that is not responding to intravenous fluid therapy is termed as sepsis shock. Patients suffering from sepsis shock have persistent low blood pressure along with extremely low blood perfusion of the organs and tissues.

Sepsis shock is considered as an immediately life threatening condition that has a mortality rate of more than 80 percent.For diagnosis of sepsis, generally several blood tests are carried out for identifying the poisonous agent responsible for this infection in the blood. Other body fluid like sputum are also tested in certain cases. Sometimes, in addition, imaging tests are also done to locate the site of the infection. Pain and tenderness in certain areas of the patient’s body which the doctor can only determine after a thorough examination may also find what type of infection has signaled the onset of sepsis.

As this is a bacterial infection in the blood, doctors normally use several kinds of antibiotics to treat sepsis.

“bacteremiablood doctors
Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required
Symptoms
Difficulty in breathing and very low breathing rate. Very high fever along with high rate in heartbeat. Mental confusion and bewilderment which can lead to coma.

Popular Health Tips

Hemorrhage And its Types

MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Delhi
Hemorrhage And its Types

In simple language, Hemorrhage is when the blood escapes from veins or blood vessels. This escape may happen because of various reasons like, for example, injury, low platelet count, threatened abortion, piles (Hemorrhoids), cancer, surgery, liver disease, brain trauma, acute bronchitis, menstrual problem and so on.  

Types of Hemorrhage: 

As a matter of fact, Hemorrhage is grouped into several categories. Hemorrhage can occur post surgery, and such a Hemorrhage is called as postoperative Hemorrhage. Similarly, for various reasons Hemorrhage can occur from the artery (Arterial Hemorrhage), vein (Venous Hemorrhage) or capillary (Capillary Hemorrhage). If Hemorrhage happens because of an injury, it is called primary Hemorrhage.  

Other types of Hemorrhage are delayed bleeding post injury (Reactionary Hemorrhage), bleeding following childbirth (Postpartum Hemorrhage), delay in bleeding following Sepsis popularly called as septic (Secondary Hemorrhage), bleeding from urine (Haematuria), bleeding while coughing (Hemoptysis) and bleeding caused in the stomach (Hematemesis). 

Further, Hemorrhage can be broadly classified into two namely internal and external:

  1. It would be needless to mention that excessive bleeding may lead to several complications. It can result in organ failure and there are instances that excessive bleeding can be fatal. On the other hand, blood loss can be external or visible Hemorrhage like those caused during an injury. There are also instances of blood loss occurring internally in which case the patient may notice blood either in the urine or stools, vagina or while coughing or through the nostrils or even from the mouth. In such cases, the patient should be rushed to a doctor who after careful examination, and tests would be able to identify the causes of the internal bleeding. 
  2. In case of external bleeding or external Hemorrhage like those caused due to an injury, you may provide the necessary first aid. When the bleeding is noticed, do not get alarmed and also try to keep the patient calm. Hemorrhage caused due to external injury would normally stop within one or two minutes. However, if the bleeding persists even after two or three minutes, such cases would require medical attention, and therefore, you should rush the patient to the doctor at the earliest. 

Remedies

There are several remedies to tackle the problem of Hemorrhage. Some of the normal procedures followed are IV fluid, oxygen, administering medicines like vitamin B12 and so on. In complicated cases, the physician may suggest bone marrow surgical procedure, Endogenous EPO or such other procedures. If Hemorrhage is left unattended, it can result in several complications. Therefore, you should consult a physician urgently.

3575 people found this helpful

Insect Bite And Stings - Homeopathic Medicines for it!

BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Insect Bite And Stings - Homeopathic Medicines for it!

Insect bites and stings ( bee, wasp, fire ant, mosquitoes, snakes ) can be painfully annoying. The stings are often accompanied by redness, swelling, pain and inflammation. Some of the stings and bites, if not treated timely, can prove to be fatal. The goodness of homeopathy is known to all.

There are excellent homeopathic medicines available for insect stings and bites:

  1. Formica rufa: Stings from fire ants can be an awful experience. There is blistering and the affected area appears reddish. The sting results in an excruciating stinging pain. There is uncontrollable itching at the affected site. However, the sting does not result in much swelling. Formica Rufa is an effective homeopathic medicine to treat such stings.
  2. Apis mellifica: Sometimes, insect bites or stings result in immediate swelling and inflammation at the site of the sting. The unbearable stinging pain is followed by itching. There is a burning sensation and the affected area appears red and hot. In extreme cases, there is considerable swelling of the throat and the mouth (the mucous membrane swells). Apis Mellifica is a powerful medicine providing immense relief. Since the sting site feels hot, a cold compression can be a good option.
  3. Staphysagria: Do not lose sleep over mosquitoes and mosquito bites. Staphysagria is an excellent homeopathic option to deal with mosquito bites. The medicine serves dual purpose. It can be effectively used before (Prophylactic) as well as after the bite. Caladium Seguinum can also be used to treat mosquito and fly bites. 
  4. Ledum and lachesis: Ledum is the best homeopathic remedy against poisonous animal bites. When it comes to snake bites, nothing can be more helpful than Ledum. The area affected by the bite turns slightly bluish. The area feels cold and there is a pricking pain and inflammation. Sepsis from animal bite can also be prevented by Ledum.

Lachesis is equally helpful against snake bites and other poisonous insect bites. This medicine is recommended in case the injury site appears bluish purple. There may be a haemorrhage, with the blood appearing few shades darker (almost black in some cases).

Though Ledum and Lachesis provide great relief, getting medical assistance is still very important:

  1. At times, an insect sting can leave a person traumatised. There may be a stinging pain with swelling and tingling. Aconitum Napellus is the best option to treat and deal with such situations.
  2. Urtica Urens is helpful against allergic reactions resulting from insect bites and some foodstuffs (shellfish).
  3. Histaminum is useful against insect bites and hay fever.
  4. Cantharis provides relief from stings and bites resulting in inflammation and redness.

Most of the Homeopathic medicines provide almost instant relief from insect bites and stings. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a homeopath and ask a free question.

3345 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers