Although sepsis is a specific condition, but this disease follows on from a blood infection known as septicemia. This is the reason both these terms ‘sepsis’ and ‘septicemia’ are often used together.When our blood gets infected with the bacteria “bacteremia” people develop this life threatening disease.Sepsis is a cascade of worsening conditions. This disease is possible with anyone who is suffering from an infection that can develop a complication. However, people who have a weak immune system, chronic illnesses like AIDS, cancer, diabetes, liver and kidney disease have greater chances of getting infected with this disease.Sepsis can also develop because of severe burns and complicated wounds.
Experts are of the opinion that more people have invasive procedures or organ transplants or take immunosuppressant drugs the more they have the chances of getting infected with this disease.Physical examination of the patient is the only way to determine this disease. Generally a fever, pyrexia or hypothermia is associated with this illness. Also, people who have sepsis can have a heart rate more than 90-100 beats per minute, which is medically known as tachycardia. Along with it breathing rate over 20 per minute or low blood tension of carbon dioxide, is also found in patients with sepsis.Also, patients suffering from this disease have either low or high white blood cell count, which are known as leukopenia and leukocytosis respectively. Organ dysfunction is often associated with severe sepsis. People suffering from this disease often have insufficient blood flow in one or more organs in their body. There may also be abnormal blood clotting in patients suffering from this illness.
Severe sepsis is a very critical condition that has a mortality rate of around 40 percent. Severe sepsis that is not responding to intravenous fluid therapy is termed as sepsis shock. Patients suffering from sepsis shock have persistent low blood pressure along with extremely low blood perfusion of the organs and tissues.
Sepsis shock is considered as an immediately life threatening condition that has a mortality rate of more than 80 percent.For diagnosis of sepsis, generally several blood tests are carried out for identifying the poisonous agent responsible for this infection in the blood. Other body fluid like sputum are also tested in certain cases. Sometimes, in addition, imaging tests are also done to locate the site of the infection. Pain and tenderness in certain areas of the patient’s body which the doctor can only determine after a thorough examination may also find what type of infection has signaled the onset of sepsis.
As this is a bacterial infection in the blood, doctors normally use several kinds of antibiotics to treat sepsis.“bacteremiablood doctors