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Jaundice Tips

Know All About Jaundice!

M B B S, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship of National Board(Minimal Access Surgery)
General Surgeon, Pune
Know All About Jaundice!

The medical name for the yellow tint on your skin and around the white portion of the eye is jaundice. However, jaundice is a symptom of a variety of underlying medical conditions, and not a specific disease. When the body break downs deceased red blood cells, a yellow pigment known as bilirubin is formed. Jaundice develops when your system contains excess bilirubin. Usually, the bilirubin, as well as the dead blood cells, are exterminated by your body.

Jaundice may symbolise a critical problem with your pancreas, blood cells, gallbladder or liver.

Causes:

Jaundice isn’t a disease; it is a symptom. Thus if you have jaundice, it might indicate you may have any of the following complications:

  1. Alcohol abuse.

  2. Liver infection.

  3. Liver cancer.

  4. Cirrhosis (Liver scarring mostly due to alcohol).

  5. Gallstones.

  6. Hepatitis (Swollen liver that decreases its functionality).

  7. Pancreatic cancer.

  8. Blood disorders.

  9. An overdose or adverse reaction to certain medications.

Symptoms:

The major indication of jaundice is yellow tinted skin and eyes. In serious cases, the sclera (white parts) of the eye can turn orange or brown. You might additionally exhibit other symptoms such as pale stools and dark urine.

If a concealed condition such as viral hepatitis is causing jaundice, you will probably experience symptoms such as vomiting and excessive fatigue.

Misdiagnosis is common when it comes to jaundice. Sometimes, an abundance of beta carotene (a type of anti-oxidant found abundantly in fruits and plants) can turn your skin yellow.

Treatments:

Since jaundice is a symptom of some other underlying disease, the treatment will focus on that disease. When your treatment starts, the yellow tint will disappear on its own.

If the jaundice is serious, blood transfusions might be needed to expel the excess bilirubin and rejuvenate the body’s red blood cells. However, if the body’s bile duct mechanism gets blocked, a surgery might be required to unblock the same.

काला पीलिया के लक्षण, उपचार - Kaala Peeliya Ke Lakshan!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
काला पीलिया के लक्षण, उपचार - Kaala Peeliya Ke Lakshan!

काला पीलिया एक आम यकृत विकार हैं, जो कि कई असामान्य चिकित्सा कारणों की वजह से से हो सकते हैं. काला पीलिया होने पर किसी व्यक्ति को सिर दर्द, लो-ग्रेड बुखार, मतली और उल्टी, भूख कम लगना, त्वचा में खुजली और थकान आदि लक्षण होते हैं. त्वचा और आंखों का सफेद भाग पीला पड़ जाता है. इसमें मल पीला और मूत्र गाड़ा हो जाता है. हालांकि ऐसे में कुछ घरेलू उपचार आपकी काफी मदद कर सकते हैं. तो चलिये जानें काला पीलिया या हेपेटाइटिस बी के इलाज के लिए कुछ घरेलू उपचार.

काला पीलिया का लक्षण-
* काला पीलिया के पीड़ितों के तमाम लक्षणों में बुखार, कमजोरी, थकान, भूख की कमी, वजन में कमी, मतली, हल्के रंग का मल, पेटदर्द, कब्ज, सिरदर्द, गहरे रंग का मूत्र, शरीर में जलन और कुछ मामलों में खुजली भी शामिल है.
* आप एक हेल्थी जीवन चाहते हैं तो अपने लिवर का ख्याल रखें और शराब आदि के सेवन से दूर रहें. साथ ही हेल्थी डाइट फॉलों करें और काला पीलिया के लिए जीवनशैली में परिवर्तन करें. काला पीलिया और अन्य लिवर विकारों से छुटकारा पाने के लिए आयुर्वेदिक उपचार की मदद ली जा सकती है.

काला पीलिया के आयुर्वेदिक उपचार-
काला पीलिया के आयुर्वेदिक उपचार के लिए आपको कई जड़ी-बूटियों और अन्य चीजों का सहारा लेना होगा. ये सभी आमतौर पर उपलब्ध होते हैं इसलिए इन्हें प्राप्त करना बेहद आसान है. तो आइए इसके बारे में जानें.

1. मूली का रस व पत्ते
मूली के हरे पत्ते काला पीलिया में लाभदायक होते है. यही नहीं मूली के रस में भी इतनी ताकत होती है कि यह खून और लीवर से अत्‍यधिक बिलिरूबीन को निकाल सके. काला पीलिया या हेपेटाइटिस में रोगी को दिन में 2 से 3 गिलास मूली का रस जरुर पीना चाहिये. या फिर इसके पत्ते पीसकर उनका रस निकालकर व छानकर पीएं.

2. टमाटर का रस
टमाटर का रस, काला पीलिया में बेहद लाभदायक होता है. इसमें विटामिन सी पाया जाता है और यह लाइकोपीन जैसें एंटीऑक्‍सीडेंट में पूर्ण होता है. इसके रस में थोड़ा नमक और काली मिर्च मिलाकर सेवन करने पर काफी लाभ देखने को मिलता है.

3. आंवला
आवंले में भी विटामिन सी प्रचुर मात्रा में पाया जाता है. कमालकी बात तो यह है कि, आप आमले को कच्‍चा या फिर सुखा कर खा सकते हैं. इसके अलावा जूस के रूप में भी प्रयोग किया जा सकता है.

4. नींबू या पाइनएप्‍पल का जूस
नींबू के रस को पानी में निचोड़ कर पीने से पेट साफ होता है. इसे रोज खाली पेट सुबह पीना काला पीलिया में सही होता है. इसके अवाला पाइनएप्‍पल भी लाभदायक होता है. पाइनएप्‍पल अंदर से पेट के सिस्‍टम को साफ रखता है.

5. नीम
नीम में कई प्रकार के वायरल विरोधी घटक पाए जाते हैं, जिस वजह से यह हेपेटाइटिस के इलाज में उपयोगी होता है. यह जिगर में उत्पन्न विषाक्त पदार्थों को नष्ट करने में भी सक्षण होता है. इसकी पत्तयों के सर में शहद मिलाकर सुबह-सुबह पियें.

6. अर्जुन की छाल
अर्जुन के पेड़ की छाल, बहुत से लाभों के लिए जानी जाती है. यह दिल और मूत्र प्रणाली को अच्छा बनाने में सहायक होती है. इसमें मौजूद एल्कलॉइड जिगर में कोलेस्ट्रॉल के उत्पादन को विनियमित करने की क्षमता भी रखता है. जो इसे हैपेटाइटिस के खिलाफ एक मूल्यवान दवा बनाता है.

7. हल्दी
देश के कुछ भागों में, ऐसी भ्रातियां प्रचलित है कि हल्दी का रंग पीला होता है, इसलिए काला पीलिया के रोगी को इसका सेवन नहीं करना चाहिए. हालांकि, यह एक कमाल का एंटी-इन्फ्लेमेट्री, एंटीऑक्सिडेंट, एंटी-माइक्रोबियल प्रभाव वाली तथा बढ़े हुए लिवर नलिकाओं को हटाने वाली होती है. हल्दी हैपेटाइटिस के खिलाफ सबसे प्रभावी उपायों में से एक है.
 

1 person found this helpful

Treatment Of Jaundice - The Ayurvedic Approach!

Dr. Paresh J Thakkar 84% (22 ratings)
BAMS
Ayurveda, Ahmedabad
Treatment Of Jaundice - The Ayurvedic Approach!

Jaundice is a disease that is caused by high levels of bilirubin in the human body. It is a serious condition of the liver that needs to be treated on time because it leads to weakness, weight loss, fever, loss of appetite and other disturbing symptoms. It severely affects the functioning of the liver and since the liver is one of the most important organs of the body, its dysfunction can cause a lot of trouble to the patient. So, most of them prefer Ayurvedic treatment to get jaundice cured as allopathic medicines are harsh and not every patient can handle them with weak immunity.

Ayurveda treatment principle in jaundice
In Ayurveda, jaundice is known as ‘Kamala’ and it is believed to be caused by pitta aggravation. When the liver starts producing bile in excess, the liver becomes dysfunctional and it causes jaundice. Therefore, Ayurveda tries to correct this aggravation. It focuses on curing the pitta imbalance and therefore, all of the Ayurvedic medicines that are used to treat jaundice have diuretic, detoxification, anti-bacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties. These medicines work by flushing out the toxins, in this case, excessive pitta from the liver, while also relaxing the liver muscles.

Ayurvedic medicine effects
Medicines have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties and it restores the normal functions of the liver. So, Ayurveda aims to correct the root cause of the disease and does not suppress the symptoms of the disease. It cures the disease completely without being harsh on the liver. Also, the diet guidelines prescribed in Ayurvedic treatment increase the efficiency of the medicines, thereby, helping in quicker recovery.

Liver cleansing in jaundice
In the Ayurvedic treatment of jaundice, correction of pitta dosha is the prime goal. Even the therapies help in detoxifying the body so that the liver does not have to work hard to remove the toxins. The idea is to restore the liver to its previous state so that it can perform the normal functions without any trouble. So, all the Ayurvedic remedies work at strengthening the liver and it can be done only when the liver does not have excess pitta in the form of toxins.

Also, excess water and fluid intake are especially emphasized during Ayurvedic treatment and the motive behind this instruction is also the same – to expel the toxins. The liver is badly affected by jaundice. The excessive bile secretion makes it work extra hard to filter the toxins, which puts additional strain on the liver and as a result, it gets inflamed.

Ayurveda is a holistic and permanent curing system that works to provide lasting relief to the patient. It does not harm the body either and the remedies are always in sync with the medical state of the patient. Ayurveda diagnoses the patient before prescribing the medicines as every patient differs from another.

In case you have a concern or query, you can always consult an ayurvedic doctor for a proper line of treatment.

7109 people found this helpful

Jaundice: Why It Happens In Adults?

Dr. Ravinder Pal Singh 84% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellowship In HPB Surgery and Liver Transplant, PDCC Abdominal Ultrasonography, Hands on course on Microvascular Surgery
Surgical Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Jaundice: Why It Happens In Adults?

The medical name for the yellow tint on your skin and around the white portion of the eye is jaundice. However, jaundice is a symptom of a variety of underlying medical conditions, and not a specific disease. When the body break downs deceased red blood cells, a yellow pigment known as bilirubin is formed. Jaundice develops when your system contains excess bilirubin. Usually, the bilirubin, as well as the dead blood cells, are exterminated by your body.

Jaundice may symbolise a critical problem with your pancreas, blood cells, gallbladder or liver.

Causes:

Jaundice isn’t a disease; it is a symptom. Thus if you have jaundice, it might indicate you may have any of the following complications:

  1. Alcohol abuse.

  2. Liver infection.

  3. Liver cancer.

  4. Cirrhosis (Liver scarring mostly due to alcohol).

  5. Gallstones.

  6. Hepatitis (Swollen liver that decreases its functionality).

  7. Pancreatic cancer.

  8. Blood disorders.

  9. An overdose or adverse reaction to certain medications.

Symptoms:

The major indication of jaundice is yellow tinted skin and eyes. In serious cases, the sclera (white parts) of the eye can turn orange or brown. You might additionally exhibit other symptoms such as pale stools and dark urine.

If a concealed condition such as viral hepatitis is causing jaundice, you will probably experience symptoms such as vomiting and excessive fatigue.

Misdiagnosis is common when it comes to jaundice. Sometimes, an abundance of beta carotene (a type of anti-oxidant found abundantly in fruits and plants) can turn your skin yellow.

Treatments:

Since jaundice is a symptom of some other underlying disease, the treatment will focus on that disease. When your treatment starts, the yellow tint will disappear on its own.

If the jaundice is serious, blood transfusions might be needed to expel the excess bilirubin and rejuvenate the body’s red blood cells. However, if the body’s bile duct mechanism gets blocked, a surgery might be required to unblock the same.

2980 people found this helpful

What Is Gilbert s syndrome?

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
What Is Gilbert s syndrome?

What is Gilbert’s syndrome?

Gilbert’s syndrome is a common, mild liver condition in which the liver doesn’t properly process a substance called bilirubin. Gilbert’s syndrome is also known as constitutional hepatic dysfunction and familial nonhemolytic jaundice.

Symptoms of Gilbert’s Syndrome-

  • Yellow skin
  • Yellow eyes 
  • Aggravating factors of Gilbert’s syndrome
  • Illness, such as a cold or the flu
  • Strenuous exercise
  • Lack of sleep
  • Eating a very low-calorie diet
  • Dehydration
  • Menstruation
  • Stress

Causes of Gilbert’s syndrome-

Gilbert’s syndrome is caused by an abnormal gene that you inherit from your parents. With an ineffective gene, excess amounts of bilirubin build up in your blood.

Risk factors of Gilbert’s syndrome-

If both of your parents carry the abnormal gene


Complications of Gilbert’s syndrome-

Jaundice 


Diagnosis of Gilbert’s syndrome-

Diagnosis of Gilbert’s syndrome involves the following tests:

  • Bilirubin test
  • Complete blood count
  • Liver function tests

Treatment of Gilbert’s syndrome-

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Gilbert’s syndrome
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Gilbert’s syndrome
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Gilbert’s syndrome
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Gilbert’s syndrome
  • Surgical Treatment of Gilbert’s syndrome
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Gilbert’s syndrome
  • Other Treatment of Gilbert’s syndrome

Homeopathic Treatment of Gilbert’s syndrome-

Homeopathic Treatment of Gilbert’s syndrome decreases the abdominal pain, fatigue and patient’s physical reaction to stress. It helps to control the bilirubin levels. It improves the immunity of the patient and makes him less susceptible to infections. Some of the homeopathic medicines for treatment of Gilbert’s Syndrome are:

  • Chel
  • China
  • Crot h
  • Lach
  • Merc
  • Nat s
  • Phos

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Gilbert’s syndrome-

Acupuncture relieves by improving the physiological function of the organs and organ system. In acupuncture therapist will first diagnose the case on the basis of energy system or chi blockage as well as on the basis of status of five elements. On this basis certain disease specific acupoints are selected and stimulated.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Gilbert’s syndrome-

  • Eat diet full of fruits and vegetables
  • Avoid extremely low-calorie diets
  • Avoid fasting or skipping meals

 

Jaundice Or Surgical Jaundice!

MCh - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Noida
Jaundice Or Surgical Jaundice!

 

Jaundice is yellowish discoloration of the sclera of the eye, It occurs due to excess biliary pigments accumulation when Red blood cells are destroyed these pigments are produced in the liver and secreted in the bile. Bile produced in the liver reaches to duodenum part of the small intestine through the common bile duct (a tube connecting from liver to duodenum), Whenever there is an obstruction in this passage of bile from the liver to duodenum it is called as obstructive or surgical jaundice. Obstruction can occur at any point at this passage and the reason for obstruction can be either intrinsic or external compression of the bile duct. Intrinsic factor includes such as biliary stricture, Stones in the common bile duct or intraluminal mass causing obstruction. There can be any external mass which may compress the bile duct from outside and may cause obstruction. Patient present with jaundice, dark-colored urine, the feature which distinguishes it from medical jaundice is pale colored stools, the patient may have itching and anorexia. Liver function test revels predominant raised conjugated bilirubin level, Ultrasound abdomen can confirm the cause of jaundice as obstructive and can also tell the site and cause of obstruction.

Treatment depends on the cause of obstruction and managed accordingly.

 

नवजात शिशु को पीलिया - Jaundice To Newborn!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
नवजात शिशु को पीलिया - Jaundice To Newborn!

नवजात शिशु को पीलिया होने पर कई बार पता भी नहीं चल पाता है क्योंकि कई नवजात शिशुओं के त्वचा का रंग भी जन्म के पहले कुछ दिनों में पीली ही होती है. इसलिए शिशु स्वस्थ है या पीलिया ग्रसित? इसका अंदाजा लगाने के लिए आपको दुसरे लक्षणों पर गौर करना होगा. इसके बाद शिशु को उचित के लिए ले जाना चाहिए. आप शिशु के पेट या टांगों को देखें यदि ये पिला लगे चिकित्सक के पास जाएँ.

क्या है नवजात में पीलिया का कारण
 

जाहिर है छोटे शिशुओं में पीलिया (जॉन्डिस) होने के कारण वयस्कों से अलग होते हैं. इसे लेकर घबराने की आवश्यकता नहीं है. जैसा कि आप जानते होंगे कि वयस्कों में पीलिया यकृत (लीवर) में उत्पन्न समस्याओं के कारण होता है. जबकि शिशुओं में इसकी वजह उनके खून में पित्तरंजक (बिलीरुबिन) की मात्रा में वृद्धि हो जाना होती है. आपको बता दें कि नवजात शिशु में बिलिरुबिन का लेवल अधिक होता है. ऐसा इसलिए होता है क्योंकि उनके शरीर में ऑक्सीजन का वहन करने वाली लाल रक्त कोशिकाएं अतिरिक्त होती हैं. नवजात शिशु का लीवर अभी पूरी तरह परिपक्व न होने के कारण अतिरिक्त बिलिरुबीन का अपचय नहीं कर पाता है. इसी वजह से उनमें पीलिया की संभावना बनती है. जैसे जैसे शिशु की उम्र बढ़ती है उनमें बिलिरुबिन का स्तर भी सामान्य से बढ़ता ही जाता है. पीलापन ऊपर से नीचे की तरफ फैलना शुरु हो जाता है. यानि यह सिर से गर्दन, छाती और गंभीर मामलों में पैरों की उंगलियों तक पहुंच जाता है. अगर, कोई गंभीर स्थिति न हो, तो नवजात शिशु में पीलिया आमतौर पर हानिकारक नहीं होता है. हलांकि ये भी धान देने योग्य बात है कि कुछ गंभीर लेकिन दुर्लभ मामलों में यदि पीलिया, लीवर के रोग या माँ व शिशु के खून में असामान्यता के कारण हो, तो यह उसके तंत्रिका तंत्र को नुकसान पहुंचा सकता है.

क्या है इसका लक्षण?

हमारे यहाँ शिशुओं में पीलिया का होना काफी सामान्य बात है. जब किसी महिला का प्रसव अस्पताल में ही होता है तब डॉक्टर पीलिया के विशिष्ट लक्षणों को देखकर ही इसकी पहचान कर लेते हैं. लेकिन यदि आपको घर आने के बाद लगे कि शिशु को पीलिया हो सकता है, तो आप विशेषज्ञों द्वारा बताए गए आसान घरेलु जांच को आजमाएं.
जिस कमरे में पर्याप्त रौशनी हो उसमें शिशु की छाती को हल्के से दबाएं. जब आप दबाव हटाती हैं तब अगर शिशु की त्वचा में पीलापन नजर आए तो आपको अपने डॉक्टर से बात करनी चाहिए. जिन शिशुओं का रंग साफ़ होता है उन शिशुओं पर यह तकनीक बेहतर परिणाम देती है.

दुसरे शिशुओं में पीलिया की जांच के लिए देखें कि उनकी आंखों के सफेद हिस्से, नाखूनों, हथेलियों या मसूढ़ों में पीलापन तो नहीं है. इस बात को भी ध्यान में रखें कि नवजात शिशुओं में पीलिया का होना एक अस्थाई स्थिति है. इसलिए यह कई बार बिना किसी उपचार के जल्द ही ठीक हो जाती है. इसलिए इसका कोई दीर्घकालीन प्रभाव भी नहीं होता है. अगर आपको किसी प्रकार का कोई संदेह है तो अपने चिकित्सक से बात करें.

इन सवालों के जवाब के आधार पर स्थिति जानें

जिन शिशुओं का जन्म समय से पहले होता है उनको जन्म के बाद पहले कुछ हफ्तों तक अस्पताल में ही रखा जाना ठीक रहता है. ताकि डॉक्टर उनपर नजर रख सकें. लेकिन जब आपको छुट्टी मिल जाती है और आप डॉक्टर के निर्देशों का पालन भी करते हैं उसके बावजूद शिशु का पीलिया ठीक नहीं होता तो आपको पुनः डॉक्टर से संपर्क करना चाहिए. इसका पता आप निम्लिखित सवालों के जरिये लगा सकते हैं.

क्या शिशु को बुखार है?
क्या वह सही से स्तनपान कर रहा है?
क्या उसका मल काफी फीके रंग का है (करीब-करीब चिकनी मिट्टी या सफेद रंग का)?
क्या शिशु निरुत्सहित और उनींदा सा है?
क्या पीलिये का पीलापन गहरे पीले रंग में बदल रहा है?
क्या पेशाब का रंग भी गहरा हो रहा है?
क्या है नवजात शिशु में पीलिया का उपचार?

अगर आपके शिशु को पीलिया हो, तो डॉक्टर उसके खून में बिलिरुबिन के स्तर को मापने के लिए जांचें करवाने के लिए कह सकते हैं. गर्भावस्था की पूर्ण अवधि पर जन्मे और स्वस्थ शिशु में पीलिये का उपचार डॉक्टर तब तक शुरु नहीं करते, जब तक कि शिशु के रक्त में बिलिरुबिन का स्तर 16 मिलिग्राम प्रति डेसीलीटर से ज्यादा न हो. मगर यह शिशु की उम्र पर भी निर्भर करता है. 70 के दशक की शुरुआत से पीलिये का उपचार फोटोथैरेपी से किया जा रहा है. यह एक ऐसी प्रक्रिया है, जिसमें नवजात शिशु को फ्लोरोसेंट रोशनी में रखा जाता है. इससे शरीर से अतिरिक्त बिलिरुबिन टूटने लगता है.

शिशु को आमतौर पर पूरे कपड़े उतारकर एक या दो दिन के लिए इस रोशनी में रखा जाता है. उसकी आंखों को रक्षात्मक पट्टी (मास्क) से ढक दिया जाता है. अगर नवजात के शरीर में बिलिरुबिन का स्तर कम हो और फोटोथैरेपी की जरुरत न हो, तो भी आप शिशु को सुबह-सुबह या शाम होने पर सूरज की रोशनी में ले जा सकती हैं. इससे भी बिलिरुबिन का स्तर घटने में मदद मिलती है. ध्यान रखें कि शिशु को ज्यादा समय तक धूप में न रखें क्योंकि इससे शिशु की नाजुक त्वचा में सनबर्न हो सकता है. माँ और शिशु के खून में असंगति होने के कुछ दुर्लभ मामलों में बिलिरुबिन का स्तर खतरनाक उच्च स्तर पर पहुंच सकता है. ऐसी परिस्थिति होने पर शिशु को खून चढ़वाने की भी जरुरत पड़ सकती है.
 

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Jaundice - Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And More!

MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Delhi

Jaundice:

Jaundice is a medical condition when the amount of bilirubin in the blood increases causing yellow discoloration of skin, whites of the eye and mucous membranes. Bilirubin is produced by natural breakdown of red blood cells and it is also referred to as icterus.

Types of Jaundice

There are three types of jaundice:

1. Hepatocellular jaundice

2. Hemolytic jaundice

3. Obstructive jaundice

Hepatocellular jaundice – This type of jaundice is triggered due to a disease, an injury or damage caused to the liver.

Hemolytic jaundice – This type of jaundice is triggered when an increased amount of bilirubin is produced in the body as a result of breakdown of red blood cells at a very fast pace.

Obstructive jaundice – This type of jaundice occurs when there is an obstruction in the bile duct. This obstruction prevents bilirubin passing through the liver resulting in jaundice.

Symptoms

Common symptoms of jaundice include:

- a yellow tinge to the skin and the whites of the eyes, normally starting at the head and spreading down the body

- pale stools

-  dark urine

- itchiness

Accompanying symptoms of jaundice resulting from low bilirubin levels include:

- fatigue

- abdominal pain

-  weight loss

-  vomiting

-  fever

- pale stools

-  dark urine

Causes

As aforementioned, Jaundice is a medical condition where the skin, the mucous membrane and the eyes turn yellow due to excess amount of bilirubin in blood. The major causes of increase in bilirubin include:

-  Breaking down or dying of red blood cells and protruding through the liver.

-  Overload or damage to the liver.

-  Improper movement of the bilirubin from the liver into the digestive tract.

Here are some major conditions that can cause jaundice:

-  Liver infections including hepatitis A, B, C, D and E or liver infections caused to parasites

-  Overdose of certain drugs (acetaminophen)

-  Exposure to certain poisonous items

-  Birth defects

-  Disorders such as Gilbert syndrome, Dubin-Johnson syndrome, Rotor syndrome, or Crigler-Najjar syndrome

-  Chronic liver diseases

-  Gallstones

-  Gallbladder disorders

-  Blood disorders

-  Pancreatic cancer

- Bile buildup in the gallbladder (jaundice of pregnancy)

Risk factors

As already discussed earlier, Jaundice occurs due to the production of excess amount of bilirubin in the blood. This causes bilirubin to get deposited in the tissues. Here are some medical conditions that increase the risk of jaundice:

- Liver inflammation.

- Bile duct inflammation.

-  Blockage of the bile duct

-  Hemolytic anemia

-  Gilbert's syndrome

- Cholestasis

Listed below are some rare medical conditions that increase the risk of jaundice:

-  Crigler-Najjar syndrome.

-  Dubin-Johnson syndrome.

-  Pseudojaundice

Complications

If not treated properly, Jaundice may lead to severe itching. Sometime, this itching is so intense that patients scratch their skin intensely, suffer from insomnia and even start experiencing suicidal tendencies. Here it is important to understand that these complications are due to some underlying problems and the disease itself.

Jaundice, caused due to obstruction of bile duct, may lead to uncontrolled and unexplained bleeding. The bleeding caused is uncontrolled because of the lack of the vitamin required for clotting of blood.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of the disease is often done by checking the medical history of the patient, his/her physical examination and a test to confirm the bilirubin level.

In the physical examination, medical professionals usually look for swelling abdomen and inflammation in lever. Here it is important to know that a stiff liver may indicate signs of cirrhosis or cancer in the liver.

In addition to the physical examination, several other types of tests can confirm jaundice. One such test is liver function test. If the liver function test indicates signs of jaundice, doctors may also suggest:

-  Bilirubin tests

-  FBC (full blood count)

-  CBC (complete blood count)

-  Tests for hepatitis A, B, or C

In order to diagnose an obstruction in the liver, doctors may suggest:

-  MRI

-  CT

- Ultrasound Scans

-  ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography)

-  X-ray imaging.

Furthermore, doctors may also suggest a liver biopsy to detect the signs of liver inflammation, fatty liver, cirrhosis and cancer. Liver biopsy is done by obtaining a liver tissue by inserting a needle into the liver.

Treatment

The treatment of Jaundice depends upon the underlying cause. Typically, the treatment of the disease is done to cure the cause and not just the symptoms of jaundice. Treatment of jaundice includes:

-  Jaundice caused due to anemia is treated by iron supplements and iron-rich foods in order to increase the iron component in the blood cells.

-  Jaundice caused due to hepatitis is treated using steroid or antiviral medicines.

- Jaundice caused due to obstruction is treated by performing a surgery to remove obstruction.

-  Jaundice caused by overuse of certain medicine is treated using alternative medicines.

Prevention

Typically, jaundice is caused to the malfunction of liver. Therefore, it is important to ensure healthy functioning of the liver by ensuring healthy and balanced diet, regular exercise and refraining from the consumption of alcohol.

Myths

Myth 1: Jaundice is a waterborne disease.

Fact: While it is true that jaundice is usually triggered due to consumption of contaminated water, it is not the only cause. Jaundice is also caused due to malaria, leptospirosis, and hepatitis B/ C. These diseases are not waterborne. Obstruction of bile duct, gall stones or cancer may also lead to jaundice and these disease too are not waterborne.

Myth 2: All liver problems lead to Jaundice.

Fact: Though liver malfunction mostly leads to jaundice, all medical issues related to liver do not trigger jaundice. There are many medical conditions related to liver that do not lead to jaundice.

Myth 3: Itching is the sign that patient is recovering from jaundice.

Fact: Jaundice, caused due to obstruction, usually triggers acute itching. However, itching doesn’t signal that the patient is recovering from the disease. 

Myth 4: Jaundice usually causes extreme sleepiness or insomnia.

Fact: Though extreme fatigue is common jaundice during jaundice, excessive sleepiness or insomnia is not caused by jaundice. On the other hand, excessive sleepiness or insomnia may be a signal of liver malfunction or liver failure. In such a case, one must seek immediate medical attention.

Myth 5: There is no cure for jaundice.

Fact: A large fraction of people believe that there is no cure for jaundice. In fact, this is one of the biggest myths associated with this disease. The reality, however, is akin to this myth. Successful evaluation of the jaundice by liver function test can help one understand the caused and severity of the disease. Once the cause is identified, one can seek medical treatment to treat the root cause of Jaundice.

Myth 6: When diagnosed with jaundice, one needs to stop eating spices and non-vegetarian food.

Fact: While it is important to ensure balanced diet when diagnosed with jaundice, one can eat spicy and non-vegetarian food. However, it is important to ensure avoiding too much spices as it may lead to nausea. A balanced and frequent diet is important to ensure fix the liver malfunctioning and bring it back to a healthy state.

Myth 7: Consuming turmeric can lead to severity of jaundice.

Fact: This is yet another myth around the disease. No medical evidence has been found that proves the consuming turmeric can lead to the increase in the production of bilirubin. Therefore, one can consume turmeric during jaundice; however, it is advised to consume only small quantity of it.

Myth 8: Sugarcane juice is the best treatment option for jaundice.

Fact: A large number of people believe that sugarcane juice is the best treatment for jaundice. However, this is not completely true. Sugarcane juice is a great source of carbohydrate and helps increase nutrients in the body. But it doesn’t really help heal the liver faster or slow down the excessive production of bilirubin in the blood.

Myth 9: It is important to give water to newborn babies to treat jaundice.

Fact: Typically, most newborn babies have jaundice. Some people believe that if the newborn has jaundice, they aren’t really adjusting to their mother’s milk and they should be given water instead. However, this is wrong. Mother’s milk is safest for newborn babies. In addition, giving water to newborn babies may lead to jaundice, if the water is not clean and also lead to several other infections leading to life-threatening complications.

Myth 10: Jaundice spreads by physical contact.

Fact: A fair share of people also believes that jaundice is spread by physical contact. However, this is not true at all. Jaundice doesn’t spread by physical contact.

FAQs

Question 1: What is infant jaundice?

Answer: Infant jaundice is very common amongst babies born before the completion of the pregnancy period. Typically, a large number of babies, born before 38 weeks, the completion of pregnancy period and breastfeeding, show the symptoms of jaundice. But there is nothing to really fear as the signs of jaundice don’t signal that the baby is born with weak or malfunctioning liver. In newborn babies, liver aren’t usually string enough to remove bilirubin produced in the blood. But as the baby grows, the liver becomes stronger and starts functioning normally.

There is not treatment for infant jaundice and the symptoms of the disease automatically subside without the help of any medicines. However, some medical professionals may suggest medicines for infant jaundice depending upon the condition of the newborn baby and the complication of the disease. Complication of infant jaundice may even lead to brain damage.

Question 2: What causes infant jaundice?

Answer: Listed below are some of the many causes for infant jaundice:

When the liver is still underdeveloped. This is very common and one must not worry about the same. Gradually, the liver becomes stronger and starts removing bilirubin from the blood.

-When there is some internal bleeding

-When the newborn suffers from blood infection

-When the newborn baby suffers from deficiency or malfunctioning of enzyme

-When the red blood cells of the newborn baby break down more than normal

-When the newborn baby’s blood is not compatible with mother's blood. This lead to abnormal breakdown of RBCs.

-When the newborn has any viral or bacterial infection

-When the baby isn’t breastfed sufficiently

Question 3: Can jaundice occur without discoloration of the skin?

Answer: Discoloration or yellowish tinge of the skin is just one of the symptoms of jaundice. There have been many cases where jaundice patients have shown delayed discoloration or yellowish tinge. This is why one must know all the signs and symptoms of jaundice. Here is a list of some of the other symptoms of jaundice:

Extreme pain in the abdomen

Discoloration of urine and stool

Excessive vomiting

High fever

Weight loss

Extreme fatigue

Question 4: Is it difficult to treat jaundice?

Answer: the answer is no. The treatment of jaundice is not difficult. In fact, the treatment of jaundice can be easily administered depending upon the causes of the disease.

Listed below are just some of the many treatment options for the disease:

Hemolytic jaundice can be treated using medicines to increase iron in the blood. Also, iron rich diet can help treat hemolytic jaundice.

Jaundice can also be treated using steroids. Jaundice caused due to bile obstructions can be treated with surgeries in order to remove the obstruction.

Question 5: Can jaundice be fatal?

Answer: Typically, jaundice is not a fatal disease. However, those suffering from extreme liver problems may eventually develop chronic jaundice and this could lead to life-threatening scenarios. Age also plays an affective factor in the treatment of the disease. Jaundice may prove to be life-threatening for elderly people and that’s why most doctors recommend hospitalization to elderly people suffering from jaundice. In addition, those who consume excessive amount of alcohol may damage their liver developing chronic jaundice that may prove to be fatal.

Question 6: What is Latent Jaundice?

Answer: Latent jaundice is a medical condition where the amount of bilirubin in the blood increases without any signs or symptoms of jaundice. In this medical condition, the inner skin cells turn to yellowish greenish color excluding the brain cells.

Question 7: What is the recovery period for jaundice?

Answer: Typically, jaundice patients take approximately one to two months to completely recover from the disease. However, weakness, pain and itching associated with jaundice usually disappear by the end of the 3rd week. But it is important to stick to healthy and balanced diet to ensure complete recovery of the liver in its best forms.

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IMMUNITY AND CHANGE OF WEATHER

Dr. Tarannum Shaikh 93% (514 ratings)
B.H.M.S., Post Graduate Certificate In Nutrition, Obesity & Health
Homeopath, Indore
IMMUNITY AND CHANGE OF WEATHER

How many people adults or children do we see in day to day life who tend to fall ill at every change of temperature?

Sensitivity to change in atmospheric conditions has become a very common phenomenon in todays world. Most people end up with viral infections such as cough, cold, fever etc at every change in season – be it summer to rainy, rainy to winter or winter to summer.Other common infections include stomach infections, diarrhoea, typhoid, jaundice, malaria, allergic rhinitis, breathing problems etc.This sensitivity basically comes from an altered or weakened immune system. A body which is not capable enough to handle natural external stimuli and ends up over reacting and throwing out symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, cough, fever, bodyache, upset stomach, loss of appetite etc.

Most of the times attention is given to the symptoms and thus symptomatic relief is obtained. The actual cause of the symptoms is oftern overlooked .When the body throws out symptoms, it is asking for help so that it can fight for itself and not get affected by external stimuli.This is where homeopathy steps in....where the PATIENT is treated and not just his symptoms. Homeopathic medicines are prescribed afer a detailed case study covering every aspect of the patient’s personality and thus they help in giving relief to existing symptoms and in the long run the medicines make the body capable of fighting for itself.

Homeopathic medicines have practically no side effects and can be given to even infants, or the elderly . They can also be administered side by side along with regular medication and eventually we can reduce the patient’s depency on medicines.For more information or treatment for conditions such as allergic rhinitis, illness at every change of weather, bronchitis, skin allergies, weak digestion or lowered immune system please feel free to consult a doctor.

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Jaundice - Know The Basic Types Of It!

Dr. Amit Beniwal 94% (110 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, Masters In Evidence Based Medicine
General Physician, Delhi

Jaundice is a disease which causes the skin and the sclerae of the eye to turn yellow. It is caused by hyperbilirubinemia or excess secretion of bilirubin into the blood. The body fluids may also turn yellow. The shade of the skin depends on the bilirubin level. A mild increase in the bilirubin turns the skin pale yellow, and high level makes the skin turn brown.

There are three primary types of jaundice:

  1. Hepatocellular jaundice: This type of jaundice occurs due to liver disorders.
  2. Hemolytic jaundice: This type of jaundice occurs due to the breakdown of erythrocytes or red blood cells, and then excess bilirubin is produced.
  3. Obstructive jaundice: This type of jaundice develops due to an obstruction in your bile duct, restricting the bilirubin to exit the liver.

The common causes of jaundice are as follows:

  1. Inflammation of the liver disables the secretion and production of bilirubin and results in a buildup of bilirubin.
  2. Inflammation of the bile duct disables the secretion of bile juice, which results in bilirubin removal and leads to jaundice.
  3. In case the bile duct gets obstructed, the liver cannot dispose the bilirubin and leads to hyperbilirubinemia.
  4. Hemolytic anaemia may result in jaundice. When a large number of red blood cells break down, bilirubin production gets enhanced.
  5. An inherited condition known as Gilbert’s syndrome may also lead to jaundice. The enzyme’s ability to process bile excretion is also impaired.
  6. Another medical condition called Cholestasis disrupts the flow of bile from the liver. The conjugated bilirubin containing bile remains in the liver and leads to jaundice.
  7. Jaundice is also caused from alcoholic liver disease, caused due to excess alcohol consumption.

Treatment of jaundice
Jaundice itself cannot be cured and hence, the underlying cause of the jaundice is treated. Different types of jaundice are cured using different methods:

  1. Jaundice induced by anaemia can be cured by increasing the iron amount in your blood. This is done by intake of iron supplements or having iron rich food.
  2. Jaundice caused from hepatitis is treated by injections of anti-viral and steroid medicines.
  3. Obstruction induced jaundice has to be treated by surgical means. The obstruction is removed by surgery.
  4. Jaundice inflicted from medication is usually treated by choosing alternative medicines and abstaining from the medicines which caused the jaundice.
  5. Jaundice can be kept away if you take proper care of your liver. For this, you should eat a balanced diet, work out regularly and prohibit yourself from consuming excess of alcohol.

Jaundice is the most common type of liver disorder and occurs in people of all ages and also in newborn babies. Keep away from contaminated food and water, if you want to avoid jaundice.

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