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Overview

Birth Control Pills: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Birth control pills are basically a type of hormonal contraception that prevents sexually active females from getting pregnant. They are an effective way to control pregnancy and they are generally taken by mouth. Birth control pills are generally prescribed by a doctor after a consideration of various factors like menstrual symptoms, cardiovascular health, whether a woman is breastfeeding, whether a person is suffering from any chronic condition or if the person is on any other medication.

There are different types of birth control pills. Combination pills contain synthetic forms of estrogen and progestin and most of such pills are active in each cycle. The different types of combination pills are monophasic pills, multiphasic pills and extended-cycle pills. Monophasic pills contain the same dose of hormones and are used in one-month cycles. Multiphasic pills also are used in monthly cycles but they provide different levels of hormones. A person on either of these pills has to take inactive pills during the last week and have her periods. Extended cycle pills cause a person to have period only 3-4 times a year as they are generally used in 3-week cycles.

Another type of birth control pill is known as the mini-pill or progestin-only pill. This medication is generally used by women who cannot take estrogen for some reason. All cycles are active when this pill is used. Do to the paucity of inactive pills, a woman even may not experience periods when she is on this medication.

How is the treatment done?

Pregnancy in women occurs when a man’s sperm fertilizes an egg released from the ovary of the woman. This fertilized egg develops into a baby after it gets nourished in the woman’s uterus. The entire process of releasing the egg from the ovary and preparing the body to accept the fertilized egg is regulated by hormones. The man-made estrogen and progestin hormones present in birth-control pills work together to inhibit the body’s natural cyclical hormones and thus, help to prevent pregnancy. There are a number of ways by which pregnancy is avoided. Birth control pills may cause a woman’s body to stop ovulating or they may also help to change the cervical mucus so as to make it difficult for the sperm cell to go through the cervix and impregnate an egg. Birth control pills may also change the lining of the womb and make it difficult for the fertilized egg to get implanted and hence, prevent pregnancy.

Another type of birth control pill is the extended-cycle pill. They contain the same hormones as other birth control pills but the hormones are taken over a longer period of time. This pill is generally taken continuously for a period of 12 weeks and this drastically reduces the number of periods that a woman normally experiences in a year. A person is generally supposed to take one week of inactive pills after the 12-week cycle.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Birth control pills are a highly effective way of avoiding getting pregnant. Women who are sexually active but do not want to get pregnant are eligible to use birth control pills. As they pills help to regulate the menstrual cycle, this pill is helpful for women suffering from heavy or irregular periods. Progestin-only pills are good for women who are intolerant to estrogen, smoke, older than 35 years, have to breastfeed or have a history of blood clots.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

As the effects of birth control pills are fully reversible, women who want to permanently avoid pregnancy are not eligible to use these pills. Progestin-only pills may not work so well in a woman who does not have a known intolerance to estrogen therapy. Similarly, women who have to breast-feed, are older than 35 years or who cannot handle estrogen therapy are not eligible to use combination pills.

Are there any side effects?

The side-effects of birth control pills include weight gain, sore or swollen breasts, nausea, lighter periods, small amounts of blood in between periods and mood changes. The majority of these symptoms are not so serious. Some of the less common but more serious side effects include abdominal pain, headaches, eye problems, chest pain and swelling or aching in the legs and thighs.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are no such post-treatment guidelines. A woman has to adhere to the cycle of the birth control pill that she is using. Combination pills can follow a 21-day, a 24-day or 28-da cycle while extended pills follow a 91-day cycle. A woman has to take one pill everyday to avoid getting pregnant. A woman can get pregnant after she stops taking such pills.

How long does it take to recover?

A woman may get pregnant even if she misses one pill that she is supposed to take. The results of birth-control pills are fully reversible and women can get pregnant when they discontinue the medication. Thus there is no recovery period for consuming birth-control pills.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Azurette is a combination pill that aids in birth control. It costs around Rs 1400 to get such pills for one cycle. Ovora oral tablets generally cost more than Rs 8000. Ocella is another combination drug that can be purchased for Rs 3800. Progestin-only pills are available between Rs 900 and Rs 3200.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Birth control pills prevent a woman from getting pregnant when they are consumed regularly. However, its effects are fully reversible and a woman can get pregnant by discontinuing the consumption of such pills. Hence, the results are not permanent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

A woman who does not wish to get pregnant can opt for alternative treatment in the form of birth control patch, birth control implant, birth control shot, vaginal ring, sponge or cervical cap. A woman can also use a female condom, diaphragm or an intra-uterine device. Surgical methods like tubal litigation and vasectomy are also highly effective in birth control.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Rs 900 - Rs 8000

Popular Health Tips

Birth Control Pills - How They Affect You?

MBBS, MS -Gynaecologist
IVF Specialist, Varanasi
Birth Control Pills - How They Affect You?

Birth control pills are one of the most common ways women protect themselves against unwanted pregnancy. There are many types of birth control pills available and you must consult a gynaecologist before using any birth control pill. Birth control pills are relatively safe to use but do more than simply prevent pregnancy.

Some of the effects of birth control pills are:

  1. Changes in the menstrual cycle: The use of birth control pills can lead to shortened period or can cause a larger interval between periods. In many cases, birth control pills are prescribed to regulate menstrual cycles. The use of birth control pills has also been linked with fewer menstrual cramps and lesser painful periods. However, they can also cause vaginal bleeding between periods and spotting. This is caused by body’s reaction to different hormone levels and thinner endometrial lining. Spotting and bleeding between periods is usually seen in the first three months of starting to take birth control pills.
  2. Weight gain: Oestrogen in birth control pills can make the fat cells larger than normal and hence cause weight gain. Some women also complain of fluid retention in the breasts and hip region after starting birth control pills. However, not all women put on weight with birth control pills.
  3. HeadachesFluctuating hormone levels can trigger headaches and migraines. The concentration of hormones in the pills is directly linked to the intensity and frequency of headaches. In most cases, these headaches improve over time. If the headaches are very bad, you may need a different type of birth control pill and hence it is best to bring these headaches to your gynaecologist’s notice.
  4. Mood swings: Hormones affect not only your menstrual cycle but also your moods. Studies have shown that birth control pills affect the cortical thickness of parts of the brain linked to the evaluation of incoming stimuli and reward response. This can lead to increased mood swings. For this reason, women suffering from depression must let their doctor know about their condition before starting birth control pills.
  5. Reduced risk of cancerWomen who take birth control pills regularly are said to have a lower risk of suffering from certain types of cancers like ovarian and endometrial cancer.
  6. Clearer skin: Birth control pills can clear your skin and help treat skin conditions like acne. This is primarily because the hormones in these pills reduce the production of testosterone which in turn lowers oil secretion. The lesser the oil produced, the fewer the pimples.
3434 people found this helpful

Different Types Of Oral Contraceptive Pills - How To Choose The Right One?

Diploma In Advanced Gynaecological Endoscopic Surgery, ATSM (Urogynaecology), MRCOG, DRCOG, DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Different Types Of Oral Contraceptive Pills - How To Choose The Right One?

Birth control pills are an icon of feminism. These little pills have given today's woman the power over their reproductive cycles and enables them to plan families in a better way. However, given the many different types of birth control pills available, it can get a little confusing to determin, which one is the best suited to you. Hence, it is essential to understand the difference between birth control pills.

Birth control pills can be categorised as progestin-only pills and pills that are a combination of progestin and oestrogen.

  1. Progestin-only pills or mini-pills: These pills do not stop ovulation but thicken the cervical mucus and thus prevents the sperm from entering the uterus. Mini-pills are beneficial for women who are sensitive to oestrogen and those wo are at a higher risk of suffering from cardiovascular diseases, thromboembolism, etc. Also, these pills do not have side effects such as nausea or headaches as associated with combination pills. A key factor that determines the efficacy of mini pills is that they must be taken at the same time every day. Delaying or skipping even one pill can affect the pill’s effectiveness.
  2. Combination pills: This is the more common form of birth control pills. The oestrogen in combination pills prevents ovulation and the progestin in these pills thicken cervical mucus to prevent a pregnancy. In addition, these hormones also thin the lining of the uterus or endometrium. Depending on how the pills change a woman’s hormone levels in the first three weeks of the menstrual cycle, combination pills can be categorised as monophasic, biphasic and triphasic.
  3. Monophasic pills: These pills maintain a uniform hormone level through the menstrual cycle and hence are least likely to have side effects such as mood swings, etc.
  4. Biphasic pills: These pills cause a change in the progestin levels midway during the menstrual cycle. Hence, the dosage of progestin in increased at this time.
  5. Triphasic pills: These pills cause a fluctuation in progestin levels every week and hence there are three different potencies of progestin hormones that are needed.
  6. Emergency Contraceptive pills: In addition to regular birth control pills, taking an emergency contraceptive pill within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse can also prevent pregnancy. However, this should not be taken regularly. These pills work by preventing the release of an egg or by preventing the sperm cells from fertilising the egg. They may also keep a fertilised egg from being implanted in the uterus. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
3549 people found this helpful

Contraceptive Methods - 4 Common Side Effects You Must Be Aware Of!

Diploma In Endoscopic Surgery, DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Contraceptive Methods - 4 Common Side Effects You Must Be Aware Of!

Anti-contraception medication pills and patches, when utilised accurately, are extremely useful in averting pregnancy. They are all right for most healthy women and can even be utilised to treat a couple of medical issues. In any case, as with all medications, there are have some potential undesirable reactions and dangers.

The side effects include:

  1. Reproductive System: When utilising hormonal contraceptives, a few women encounter lighter and shorter periods along with menstrual cramps and premenstrual symptoms. Utilisation of hormone-based contraceptives decreases the danger of endometrial and ovarian cancer. The longer a woman takes contraceptive measures, the more increased these symptoms get to be. These treatments may likewise lead to cancerous breast or ovarian growths.
  2. Cardiovascular and Central Nervous Systems: For a few ladies, conception prevention pills and patches can build circulatory strain. Those additional hormones can likewise make it somewhat more likely that you will face blood clots. That risk is significantly higher in case you are a smoker or are over the age of thirty-five. The danger of blood clots is likewise increased in case that you have hypertension, previous coronary diseases or diabetes. Oestrogen may cause headaches. A few women encounter emotional changes when taking these contraceptives.
  3. Digestive system: A few women encounter changes in their desires and weight while taking hormonal contraception. Opposite reactions include nausea and bloating. There is an expanded danger of liver cancer In case that you have a past filled with gallstones, these contraceptives may lead to the speedier growth of those stones. See your doctor in case that you have serious pain or yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice).
  4. Integumentary System (Skin, Hair, Nails): For some women, this technique for contraception can enhance skin breakout or acne. Others may encounter skin inflammation or notice no change by any means. It might cause pigmentation of the skin. Once in a while, these hormones cause abnormal hair growth. Nonetheless, oral contraceptives are likewise, the main cause behind hirsutism, a condition that causes coarse, dull hair to develop on the face, back, and stomach.


When you quit taking hormone-based anti-conception medications or patches, your menstrual period will probably be misbalanced. However, a portion of the cancer avoidance benefits gathered from years of medicine use may continue over the long term. These symptoms are unexpected in most women yet are intense when they do occur. That is the reason hormonal contraception techniques require a medicine and routine checking. There is an increased danger of heart attacks and strokes, especially in smokers and women over the age of thirty-five.

Look for a doctor in case you feel abdominal pain, cough up blood, or feel swoon. A serious migraine or trouble talking could also be serious indications of a stroke.Side effects of different contraceptive methods.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3564 people found this helpful

Uterine Fibroids - Surgical & Non Surgical Treatment!

MBBS, DGO, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), FMAS, FAM
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Uterine Fibroids - Surgical & Non Surgical Treatment!

Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyomata, are non-cancerous growths which develop in and around the uterus or the womb and form benign tumors in course of time. Though there are several types of uterine fibroids, they are all consistently similar in their genetic makeup. They are generally classified depending on their specific locations:

  • Myometrial or intramural fibroids
  • Submucosal fibroids
  • Subserosal fibroids
  • Pedunculated fibroids

Signs and symptoms

In most cases, uterine fibroids display little or no symptoms at all. Therefore many women are caught unawares and do not realize whether they have leiomyomata or not. When symptoms do show, however, they may include any one of the following:

1. Prolonged menstrual periods, usually for seven days or even longer
2. Bloating belly or pelvis
3. Intensive bleeding during periods
4. Pain during sexual intercourse
5. Constipation

Treatment

Since uterine fibroids do not cause any significant complications, they normally do not require much treatment. The condition, however, can be treated through either one of the following approaches:

1. Non-surgical approach

(1) Alert and careful inspection as well as watchful anticipation of the growth and development of uterine fibroids
(2) Birth control pills or oral contraceptives which help reduce heavy periods caused by uterine fibroids
(3) Pain relievers to help numb the pain
(4) Intrauterine device along with levonorgestrel to help reduce heavy periods
(5) Iron tablets are helpful in substituting the blood loss caused by heavy menstruation

2.Surgical approach

i) Myomectomy

ii) Hysterectomy

These two procedures can be performed using several techniques like:

  • Laparoscopy
  • Open abdominal surgery
  • Robot-assisted laparoscopy
  • Vaginal approach
  • Hysteroscope approach

iii) Uterine artery embolization (UAE)

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3996 people found this helpful

Ways to Treat Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Noida
Ways to Treat Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

Every woman has a unique system, especially when it comes to matters like menstrual cycles and pregnancy. There are some women who go through normal bleeding while for others, it may be less than ideal. Also, there are women who may experience a condition known as Menorrhagia which is characterised by excessively heavy bleeding during menstrual cycles. Cramping and bleeding for longer than a week are the most common symptoms of this condition. Here are ways to treat this condition.

  1. Basis of Treatment: The main cause will dictate the basis of treatment for this condition. Your overall medical history and state of health will be taken into account along with the future of your childbearing plans. The gynaecologist will also study the effect of this condition on your lifestyle and examine your tolerance towards certain supplements and medicines.
  2. Medication: The doctor may prescribe iron supplements in case of anaemia due to the condition. Further, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen and ibuprofen may be prescribed too. Oral contraceptives and progesterone are also helpful in such cases while Tranexamic acid can reduce the excessive blood loss. The doctor may also insert an intrauterine device to release levonorgestrel to make the uterine lining thin.
  3. Dilation and Curettage: The doctor will dilate or open up your cervix in this procedure to suction away tissue from the uterine lining. One may need additional sessions if the condition recurs.
  4. Focused Ultrasound Ablation: This procedure aims at treating the excessive bleeding by shrinking the fibroids that may be causing the same. This is also similar to a procedure known as uterine artery embolisation which blocks the uterine arteries in order to shrink these fibroids.
  5. Myomectomy: In this procedure, the doctor will surgically extract those fibroids which are causing the excessive bleeding during menstrual cycles. The procedure is conducted either through laparoscopy or incisions in the vagina and cervix, depending on the size, location and number of fibroids.
  6. Endometrial Ablation: Using this procedure, the doctor will permanently do away with the lining of the uterus, which is also known as the endometrium. This will be done by inserting an electrosurgical wire loop to remove the lining. Pregnancy is usually not recommended after this surgery.
  7. Hysterectomy: This is a surgical procedure that is recommended for very severe cases. In this procedure, the doctor will surgically remove the uterus as well as the cervix. This is a permanent procedure that will put an end to the menstrual periods altogether. The procedure will be conducted by administering anaesthesia first, and will require hospitalisation as well. The doctor may also remove the ovaries of the patient with this procedure for premature menopause. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.
3972 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hey I am a female and age is 22, I wanted to ask if the emergency contraceptive pill (IPILL) works if you take withing 12 hours of an unprotected act. When on ovulation or already ovulated. Does it stop a fertilization of egg or does it prevent implantation if already ovulated or ovulating at the time of taking the pill.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Emergency contraceptive pill has to be taken within 72 hrs of unprotected intercourse, the earlier you take the better. It prevents pregnancy by delaying ovulation but it has no effect on preexisting pregnancy. It has a failure rate of 2-5 %

I have been on overall contraceptive pills of 21 days but it always feel wet down there ,its so embarrassing and uncomfortable .suggest something.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
White discharge called lucorrhoea is common and normal if not associated with other complaints. For this nothing to be done except Pap’s smear if not done. If associated with other complaints, then needs examination by Gynecologist.
1 person found this helpful

My partner used ipill after 4-5 hrs of intercourse, and her regular period supposed to b happened on 15 or 16 but still it not having since it is 3 days goes. And we have a intercourse on 14. please suggest.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
After taking high hormonal emergency pill like I pill one gets withdrawal bleeding 5 to 10 days later, and then new cycle starts. As tabs are taken on 14 or 15 naturally as stated above gets delayed. If withdrawal bleeding does not happen as stated above then do urine pregnancy test.
1 person found this helpful

What happen If someone take the emergency contraceptive pill and vomit after 8-10 hours? Do the person need to take another pill?

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
If you have taken an emergency contraceptive and then vomitted after 8-10 hours. It’s not a problem. You do not need to take another pill. The effects Slif the contraceptive would already be underway.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Contraception After Giving Birth
When Can You Use Contraception After Having A Baby?
Play video
Contraceptions
Hello, I am Dr Anuradha from Amar Colony Market. Today, I am telling you about the methods of contraception. The ideal contraception is one which is hundred percent effective, convenient to take, which has no side effects, and is reversible whenever you want to conceive.

There are methods that are based on information or are based on the temperature changes during the cycle, changes in quantity and quality of cervical mucus, and withdrawal of penis before ejaculation. Then is the Barrier Methods that includes both male and female condoms, but these male and female condoms have to be worn and removed again and again which is not hundred percent effective as it may get torn or the semen may come out of the condom. The female condom known as the Femidom prevents against other infections also and can be kept on for twenty-four hours. It has to be put in approximately three to four hours before contact. There are other methods like Hormonal methods which are most commonly used, that includes the Pills. These pills come in a pack of twenty-one days. You have to take these tablets regularly, without fail. They should not be skipped. It has to be taken at a particular time of the day and if you forget the pill you are at risk for the next one week so it should not be forgotten.

The main drawback of these tablets is the convenience of taking these tablets. These oral contraceptives help in other things also.

First, it prevents the Pregnancy.
Second, it helps if you are prone to ovarian cysts, regulates periods if you have irregular periods before, and cramping during periods.
Third, it decreases acne. It also decreases the chances of ovarian and uterine cancer.
But as a side effect, it may cause nausea, weight changes, moody behaviour. However, these changes are only for only two to three months and once the body had adjusted, these side effects decrease. These are also reversible; when you stop the tablets, there are high chances that you will get fertile within six months of stopping these tablets.

Next are the Emergency pills which people do take very regularly nowadays but it is not at all advisable by a doctor that you take it frequently. These methods, for example, I-pills, are commonly available which you can take within seventy-two hours after unprotected sex or if the condom failed, the condom has torn, or you have forgotten your pill. It should only be taken in these cases after consulting the doctor. Next are the injections available in the market. It causes irregular menses or you may miss your periods for two three months which is another point of concern and it causes tension. These are again not advisable.

Best are the Oral Contraceptive Pills. In case you have delivered normally or through cesarean then the best method is the multi load insertion copper Ts that are available. These are called the Intra-Uterine Devices. It is inserted once during your period dates, maybe within five days of your periods. It can be kept for five to eight years, as per your choice and you can remove it whenever you want. Side effects could be that you get cramps and irregular bleeding for a few months. It then gets adjusted to the body and there is no harm.

This much for today and if you want to know more about this or you want to have any contraception or any details you want to know then you can contact me through lybrate.
Play video
Contraception
Tips about Menstrual cycle, Safe periods and various methods of contraception.

I am Dr. Indu Taneja working as a senior consultant in Fortis Escort Hospital Faridabad. My special interests are high risk obstetrics and laparoscopic surgery. Today I will talk about contraception little about the normal menstrual cycle.

A normal cycle is of approximately 28 days so the ovulation means the egg formation occurs in the middle of the cycle that is approximately 14 days but this day is not fixed it can be one or two days prior or one or two days later. So let s say if it happens on 14th day four or five days before the egg formation and four or five days after the egg formation is the period which is the danger zone that means the pregnancy can happen in this period if you have intercourse during this period so this is the danger zone. So if one happens to have the relation in this period one can use emergency contraception which is you must be all aware of pill 72 or unwanted pill which is to be taken 72 hours within this period the pregnancy is to be avoided.

Next will be other contraception like the barrier method which is normally condom. This is not the foolproof method. This has the maximum failure rate approximately 35 percent. This is mainly effective in the period when the patient is breastfeeding. At this period this is the common effective method. Then there are the other methods you have heard about the pills and the Copper T. The pills are the second commonest method in which every day one has to take the pill for 21 days. The main drawback of the pill is you have to remember you have to take it on a fixed time and fixed day. You should not miss even a single dose. If one misses a dose you can have breakthrough bleeding and the failure also happens. So this is the main drawback of the pills but otherwise the safety profile is very good.

Other method is the IUCD that is the Copper T which is inserted inside the uterus. This has again the same efficacy as the pills but the advantage over the pills is you are not supposed to remember this. This once inserted can be kept and can be used for three years to five years. Government has also provided the intra uterine device which is effective for five years it is as effective as the contraceptive pills but little drawback of this is sometime this can cause irregular bleeding or the heavy bleeding during the periods which can be taken care of giving some kind of medications.

If you need any further clarification or any kind of clarification or consultation you can consult me on lybrate.
Play video
Types of Contraceptive Methods
Here are some effective contraceptive methods

Hi! I am Dr. Renu Yadav, I am a practicing obstetrics and gynaecology in sector 40 at Angels Care Clinic. Family planning is the most important things which I think everyone should know and should be aware off. The various forms of family planning are Oral Contraceptive Pills, barrier contraceptives and multiloads. People have very uncommon notion about oral contraceptives pills that they cause weight gain, acne and menstrual irregularities as well.

Different people come with different type of complaints but oral contraceptives is the best modality as you as a person you are choosing it and its in your hand how and when you are taking the medicines and the control is completely in your hand when you want to get pregnant and when you do not want to get pregnant. It must for the ladies who are working in long shifts; maximum time is spent in offices, unmarried girls who are sexually active. Its the best modality to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Along with that the other different modality is barrier contraceptives, its more about male contraception, that we call it as barrier contraceptives, you know them by the name of condoms.

For women who have already had children s, we suggest you give a gap of three to five years between the two births so the best modality comes as a Multiload. Multiload is a intra uterine copper device. Along with that there is a modified device also come in, which comes by the name of Mirena. So Multiload, if you get it inserted after your delivery, it can be inserted after six weeks after delivery and you can use it without any discomfort any pain any other complaint and It is totally safe for five years time and you would not get pregnant by anyhow. A routine checkup after the first visit when you got the Multiload inserted in you, a routine visit after your first menstrual cycle is a must. After that you can check the threat on your own and make sure that the device is working properly.

Along with that Mirena is an advanced kind of intra uterine devices, It s a device which is inserted inside the uterus and it delivers a constant amount of progesterone in your body system. Mirena can also be used with patient having fibroids and having menstrual irregularities. It s a very wonderful thing which has come in practice and it gives really good results, the patients have very satisfactory results in whatever problems they are associated with and especially with family planning.

If you want to know more about Mirena or any other family planning practices, you can contact me at lybrate.com with putting your questions and queries over there or you can come and personally visit me at my clinic at sector 40 and at Medi Urban clinic at Phase 4.

Play video
Types of Birth Control Contraceptive Methods
Here are some tips on types of contraceptive methods

Hi I m Dr. Soni Anand. I m a consultant obstetrician-gynecologist and infertility expert. This is a very controversial topic and everyone wants to use something but they don t know what to use, how to use and for how long to use and whether it is suitable for him and his partner, or not. There are basically 4 modalities of Contraception:

(a) Intra-Urine contraception device also known as Copper T, Multi load, Mirena etc. I think this is the most comfortable for the patient and it is usually applied on the 4th or 5th day of periods and if properly applied, there is no problem in the continuation of these devices. Usually in few patients you can have periods for a cycle or two but then it settles down. We have medication for that and second thing- you have to get a checkup, every 4-5 month intervals at your doctor, and I think this is the best method because it does not require every day motivation and has no hormonal side effects.

(b) Pills or OC Pills, there is a common myth that it causes weight gain but now a days like everything, the Pill has also evolved and now we have ultra-low dosage pills and they get the desired effect and prevents pregnancy but does not have a long term side effect which existed when there were high doses. And you have to start the pill on Day 1 and continue it for 21 days and then there is a pill free period where you ll have your periods and then can again restart from Day 1 and it can be used under medical supervision as long as you want.

(c) Condoms, it is not a very reliable method because it is partner dependent and can be used as a spacing method if they are willing.

(d) The terminal method of contraception, i.e. the family planning surgery or tuber ligation. It is suggested to those patients who have completed their families and can opt for this permanent method.
My message to my viewers is that contraception is a confusing matter and if you can t decide yourself, consult a doctor.

If you want to consult me, you can reach me through Lybrate. Either by a text or through telephone or you can book a physical appointment.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice