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Irregular Periods - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

The time of the month when vaginal bleeding happens due to uterine lining shedding is called the menstrual period. It varies for each woman. Some are punctual, others are not predictable. Most women get their periods after each set of 25 to 39 days. They last up to 8 days. Irregular periods might need looking into.

Irregular periods might be a problem and may exist if:

  • The duration between the periods starts changing.
  • There is decreased or increased loss of blood during a period.
  • The duration of a period is much longer than usual.

Here are the different kinds of irregularities in periods:

  • Irregular Menstrual-Bleeding: Bleeding that lasts over 20 days in an individual cycle and extends for more than a year.
  • Absent Menstrual-Bleeding: Absence of bleeding for over 90 days.
  • Heavy Menstrual-Bleeding: An excess of blood loss that can hamper a woman’s emotional, material, physical and social quality of living and can be independent or may occur along with other symptoms.
  • Prolonged and Heavy Menstrual-Bleeding: It is uncommon.
  • Light Menstrual-Bleeding- It is dependent on the patient’s complaint.

Irregular periods need to be looked into depending upon the desire of having children later on. Many diverse things can cause irregular periods. Changes in the hormonal levels of progesterone and estrogen might disrupt the usual period patterns. That is the reason young pubescent girls and older women nearing menopause usually are affected by irregular periods.

Some other reasons for having irregular periods are:


Generally, treatment isn’t required for menopause or puberty induced irregular periods, until the time they become bothersome or excessive. Periods also normally stop during pregnancy.

  • Correcting or treating underlying disease
  • Changing your type of birth control
  • Lifestyle changes, including weight loss
  • Hormone therapy
  • Surgery

Call your doctor if you have had regular, monthly periods and the pattern changes. Your doctor may perform a physical exam and order tests to rule out pregnancy or a health problem.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding Heavy, Prolonged, or Irregular Menstrual Periods. Obesity

Popular Health Tips

Guide to Penis Bumps: What to Do When Fordyce Spots Appear?

Dr. Vinod Raina 93% (4641 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Guide to Penis Bumps: What to Do When Fordyce Spots Appear?
Guide to Penis Bumps: What to Do When Fordyce Spots Appear The few inches of skin that wrap around the penis are probably the most inspected bits of tissue located on a man's body. It's easy to imagine how surprised, scared and even panicked a guy might feel when his tool turns up covered with bumps, even if those spots and speckles aren't associated with pain or itching. The very sight of bumps, spots, and other blemishes are often viewed as signs of a partner-transmitted infection or some other serious problem, and men might be desperate to find a penis care solution that can help. Here is one common cause of spots on the penis, as well as some tips for dealing with them. Glands Gone Wild In order to understand what Fordyce spots are and how they develop, a quick lesson in skin anatomy is required. Once men really understand what tissues lie just beneath the surface, it's a little easier to understand what might go wrong. The stretchy, elastic skin of the penis relies on a network of glands - called sebaceous glands - that provide lubricating oils. Throughout the day, these glands release secretions that spread out over the surface of the skin, allowing that tissue to retain moisture and flexibility. Fordyce spots are nothing more than overactive sebaceous glands that are visible on the surface of the skin. They can appear anywhere on the body, but they are most common around the lips and on the male and female genitals. What They Look Like? A classic Fordyce spot is small and round; it's typically just a little lighter than the color of the rest of a man's skin, but it may appear yellowish, pink, or red. They do not bleed, and they are not generally sore, unless they are irritated by squeezing or scratching. Therefore, trying to squeeze the accumulated oil out of them should be avoided. Treatment for Fordyce spots While these little spots can be somewhat unsightly, they're also really common. In fact, some dermatologists say that about 80 percent of all adults have spots like this somewhere on their bodies. Simple acceptance of the dots could be a solution for some men, as long as they've been to the doctor and ensured that the spots aren't due to something more serious. In general, Fordyce spots are more obvious to the owner than to any outside observers, so most men can be assured that this dermatological anomaly is not going to be off-putting to a partner. With that said, any man who is sexually active, whether or not he develops any visible symptoms, should schedule regular checkups to be tested for a variety of partner-transmitted diseases, and safe sex should be practiced for every encounter. Furthermore, those men who simply cannot live with a dotted penis can visit with a dermatologist and explore other options, including laser surgeries, chemical peels and acid treatments. These steps aren't without risk, of course, and they are not always guaranteed to be effective, but they may offer something of a solution for men who are especially concerned. On the other hand, men who want to do something about their appearance, but who don't want to jeopardize their junk with serious surgeries or other harsh procedures, might choose to invest in a penis health cr me. These products (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) contain softening agents that can help the skin to stay moisturized and silky-smooth, which may help to improve the overall appearance of the penis. A penis that is treated on a daily basis with a nutrient-rich cream is more likely to look and feel at the peak of good health and to provide all the pleasurable sensations that men hope for.
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7 Signs to Help You Spot Iron Deficiency!

Dr. Indu Saini 88% (13 ratings)
Ph.D In Food & Nutrition, MSc In Food & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ajmer
7 Signs to Help You Spot Iron Deficiency!
As per the latest statistics published by the 'center for disease control and prevention', about 9% women suffer from the deficiency of iron. Though the proportion is relatively low, iron deficiency can lead to various diseases, which can be very difficult to cure. So, look out for these telltale signs of iron deficiency and check whether you suffer from any of them. Fatigue: Your internal system uses iron for the production of hemoglobin, which is a component in the red blood cells, responsible for carrying oxygen to all parts of the body. So, when the iron content is low, there is not enough hemoglobin produced and all organs do not receive oxygen in the required quantities, which is bound to make you feel tired at most times. Inability to focus: People with iron deficiency often suffer from alteration in the synthesis of neurotransmitters. This can lead to decreased functionality and focusing abilities. This may also lead to the development of apathy towards all things, including family, friends, books, music or anything that you loved and enjoyed doing. Breathlessness: Without a proper supply of iron, there could be an oxygen crunch in the body, compelling you to feel breathless. This may happen anytime like when you are working out or walking or reading a book. Paleness: Do you think your skin has lost luster and has become pale in the last few days? That s definitely not a good sign and may be a symptom of decreased flow of blood and reduction in the RBC count. Trouble doing your daily chores: Low levels of iron in the body can cause your endurance level to suffer. Thus, you may find it difficult to run up the stairs or catch a vehicle or swim for a while. Soreness of muscles: Even if you could push yourself to reach the gym, you would experience that the burn lasts longer than normal. Lack of required amount of iron prevents your muscles to recover at the right pace. As a result, you are likely to suffer from aches in the muscles. Brittle nails: If there is a recent development of spoon-shaped or concave depression in the nails, it could be a sign that your body is iron deficient. Often people tend to ignore the warning signs that the body gives to indicate the problem that s cropping up. But you can t take your health for granted. So, check for these signs without any delay get help from a doctor in case you notice them. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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Uterine Cysts - Treatment It With Homeopathy!!

Dr. Dipendra Singh 89% (690 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Lucknow
Uterine Cysts - Treatment It With Homeopathy!!
Uterine cysts are a type of cysts or tumours, which grow in the uterus. This is prevalent in women when they are near their childbearing years. Uterine cysts have some typical symptoms, which would let you know when to consult a medical practitioner for further help. It would cause excessive bleeding for a long duration of time. There is bleeding from the uterus in between your menstrual cycles. At times, it becomes very difficult to empty your bladder and irritation and discomfort are caused. It also leads to constipation. These are frequent symptoms, which accompany uterine cysts. These types of cysts are almost always non-cancerous, but it is beneficial to take an expert advice on that matter. Homeopathy is a great option to treat such cysts. Homeopathy is becoming increasingly popular throughout the entire world. Now it is time to prove to the world what homeopathy can offer in surgical diseases. Homeopathic medicines cannot take the place of surgery but can be of great help to the patients who do not want to go for surgery or cannot be operated upon due to various medical reasons. There are specific medications to treat cysts through homeopathy. Some of them are: Calcarea Carbonica: This medicine is suitable for those who bleed profusely during their menstrual cycle. Such excessive bleeding causes shivers and shrills in them, making them more prone to anaemia. In fact, excessive bleeding also influences their fertility cycles. This medicine is administered on overweight women who suffer from uterine cysts. Thlaspi Bursa Pastoris: This is prescribed to women who experience frequent menstrual cycles within short intervals. In fact, one does not even recover from the shock of the previous cycle and the new one starts. It is usually accompanied by excessive pain in the uterus. This medicine not only treats the cysts, but also the frequent period cycles and pain in the uterus. Trillium Pendulum: At times, due to excessive bleeding from the uterus, the patient suffers from fainting spells. Such cysts are also characterised by bright red blood flow during the menstrual cycle. These are the two main symptoms to administer this medicine on the individual. Fraxinus Americana: Apart from irregular periods with pain in the uterus, it is also followed by breaking down spells. One experiences cramps in the feet during this type of cyst. In such conditions, the best natural homeopathic therapy that can be administered is Fraxinus Americana. Calcarea Fluorica: This is a common medicine which is given to those patients who have extremely large tumours. These tumours are also characterised by their unique hardness. Uterine cysts are a common problem in women and can be treated effectively. One needs to be alert about the symptoms and must immediately report to a specialized homeopathic practitioner for an effective administration of medicines, which may lead to a successful cure.
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Top Homeopathic Remedies for Female Diseases!

Dr. Sarfaraz Alam 91% (313 ratings)
DHMS (Diploma In Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery)
Homeopath, Dhanbad
Top Homeopathic Remedies for Female Diseases!
Being a woman has its own set of physical challenges. With the different anatomical and physiological features, the problems that women face also are different. Three out of four patients with hypothyroidism are women. Male to female ratio of migraine patients is also 3:1. These and various other diseases are predominantly seen in women. In addition to this, there is also the highly sophisticated gynecologic system. This brings its own unique set of diseases like dysmenorrhea, cysts, fibroids, menstrual problems. Given that a woman s body is quite unique and sophisticated with various organs working in close coordination with each other, let us take a look at how homoeopathy which usually tries to get to the root of the problem and correct the whole system as a whole. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS): PCOS has a strong genetic predisposition along with obesity and type 2 diabetes. There are often multiple cysts in the ovaries with irregular menstruation, a higher amount of testosterone, and fertility issues. In homoeopathy, Apis Melllfica, Pulsatilla, Lachesis, Graphites, and Sepia are frequently used based on patient s symptoms. Irregular menses: What needs to be understood is irregular menses is a symptom of an underlying disease and a detailed history and clinical examination (including ultrasound scanning) are required to nail down the underlying reason. Natrum Muriaticum, Sepia, Pulsatilla, Senecio Aureus, Staphysagria, Cimicifuga, Euphrasia, and Magnesium Carbonicum are some common agents used to manage irregular menses based on underlying causes. Dysmenorrhea: Menstruation is associated with pain in the abdomen, hips, and thighs in a lot of women. However, this should ideally be a painless process as it is physiologic. In some women, it is also associated with severe cramping, diarrhea, and pain that is relieved with warmth. Pulsatilla, Belladonna, Mag Phos, Nux Vomica, and Cimicifuga are some commonly used agents to help women reduce the pain and relax. Infertility: Again, like irregular menses, there is a strong reason contributing to infertility which needs to be identified and addressed. Given the social nature of the issue, there is a strong psychological component, and so the couple should engage in a detailed mental and physical constitutional discussion to arrive at a customised regimen. Calcarea Carb, Borax, Aletris Farinosa, Natrum Phos, Pulsatilla, Sepia, Natrum Carb, Agnus Castus, Sabal, Conium are used for managing infertility based on accompanying symptoms. Thyroid problem: As noted earlier, hypothyroidism is extremely common in women. There is also a strong linkage between infertility, repeated miscarriages, irregular menses, etc. with the thyroid hormone levels. Calcarea Carbonica, Sepia Officinalis, Graphites, Lycopodium clavatum, and Nux Vomica are some commonly used homoeopathy products in hypothyroid women. Migraine: Another problem seen predominantly in women with strong linkage to menstruation cycles and hormones. Belladonna, Natrum Mur, Sanguinaria, Spigelia, and Glonoine are commonly used. For these common medical conditions, especially in women, homoeopathy offers more holistic treatment with minimal side effects. It may take a while for the body to respond, but it is definitely advisable. Self-medication is best avoided as each woman is unique.
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Ovarian Cysts - The Many Types!

Dr. Jayanti Kamat 83% (526 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Advanced Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Ovarian Cysts - The Many Types!
In order to have proper information about ovarian cysts, it is essential to discuss the anatomy of ovaries. These are basically a part of the female reproductive system and are located in the lower abdomen on the two sides of the uterus. The major functions of ovaries are production of eggs, oestrogen and progesterone hormones. So what exactly are cysts? Cysts are fluid-filled sacks, which sometimes develop on the ovaries. These are usually painless, causing no such symptom and females develop a cyst at least once every year. However, there are various kinds of ovarian cysts like the dermoid cysts and endometrioma cysts. The most common kinds of cysts are usually the functional ones. The types of follicle cysts include the following: Follicle cyst: When the menstrual cycle starts, the egg grows in a sac, usually called follicle, which is located inside the ovary. In usual cases, the follicle breaks and the egg is released. However, there might be a case where the follicle may not break. In situations like these, the fluid present in the follicle may turn into cysts in the ovary. Corpus leuteum: After the egg is released into the uterus, the follicle ideally dissolves. However, in case the follicle does not dissolve, the excess liquid causes the developing of little sacs and these are the other kinds of cysts. Most of these tumors are benign (non-cancerous) and never spread beyond the ovary. Benign tumors can be treated by removing either the ovary or the part of the ovary that contains the tumor. Malignant (cancerous) or low malignant potential ovarian tumors can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body and can be fatal. There are some more types of cysts as well, which are as follows: Dermoid cyst: This is a sac-like growth, which occurs on the ovaries that can contain hair, fat or other tissues. They re a type of ovarian germ cell tumor. Usually these tumors are benign, but occasionally they can be malignant. Endometriomas: These are those tissues, which should originally grow inside the uterus, but instead they attach themselves outside the uterus to the ovaries. This in turn results in cyst formation. Cystadenomas: These are basically non-cancerous growths that develop on the ovary surface. Polycystic ovary syndrome This is a condition that some women develop, a large number of small cysts form inside the ovaries, thereby causing the ovaries to enlarge. It is important that polycystic ovarian syndrome is treated soon because if left untreated for long, it may cause infertility in women. These cysts are usually not harmful, but they can cause the following: Hormonal imbalance, which may lead to acne or facial hair, may also cause individuals to stop ovulating or cause irregular periods Higher chance of getting diabetes as the body starts having insulin resistance Weight gain This is not that big a deal and can be controlled easily. Also with healthy living and eating, this condition can be brought to normal.
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Popular Questions & Answers

I am 24 years old I am getting creamy white discharge from long time its irritating. I am not sexually active such as once In month or twice but when ever he penetrates I bleed. I am tensed about this. I don't know what kind of doctor to consult. I even have irregular periods. But doctor says not big issue.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Hi! You have got vaginal infection. You need to visit a gynaecologist for the same, who will examine you first and then will give you the medication for the same. Regarding irregular periods do ultrasound of lower abdomen and then follow up with report. Regards!
1 person found this helpful

My periods are not regular sometimes it goes 20 25 days up sometimes it goes 1.5 months up what should I do to get a regular cycles every month.

Dr. Jatin Soni 93% (31198 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
To clear your doubts get an ultrasound pelvis done to rule out any pathology and follow up with reports.

I'm recently married. This is my 7th month. Having irregular periods. But I have all the pregnancy symptoms. After check up I came to know that I have hypothyroid and PCOS. Is there any possibility to get pregnant ASAP. Please suggest something im really worried. Is it curable?

Dr. Jatinder Kaur Dang 92% (463 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Jalandhar
Your irregular periods are due to your hypothyroidism and PCOD but that doesn’t mean that you can’t become pregnant, take proper treatment from some good gynaec and some endocrinologist, things can be ok.
2 people found this helpful

Hello Dr. Before 1 week se periods aa rahe hai to use rokne ki koi tablet bataay emergency hai.

Dr. Sameer Kumar 95% (4278 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Hello, Please get a urine pregnancy test done first, if negative then you can opt for antifibrinolytics.

Health Quizzes

Excessive Bleeding During Menses - What Can Be Done?

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MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Advanced Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Heavy menstrual bleeding can cause anaemia. True or false. Take this quiz to know now.
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High Intensity workouts during periods

Dr. Asha Gavade 85% (24 ratings)
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You can lose up to 15% extra calories during your periods with no effort. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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