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Irregular Periods - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

The time of the month when vaginal bleeding happens due to uterine lining shedding is called the menstrual period. It varies for each woman. Some are punctual, others are not predictable. Most women get their periods after each set of 25 to 39 days. They last up to 8 days. Irregular periods might need looking into.

Irregular periods might be a problem and may exist if:

  • The duration between the periods starts changing.
  • There is decreased or increased loss of blood during a period.
  • The duration of a period is much longer than usual.

Here are the different kinds of irregularities in periods:

  • Irregular Menstrual-Bleeding: Bleeding that lasts over 20 days in an individual cycle and extends for more than a year.
  • Absent Menstrual-Bleeding: Absence of bleeding for over 90 days.
  • Heavy Menstrual-Bleeding: An excess of blood loss that can hamper a woman’s emotional, material, physical and social quality of living and can be independent or may occur along with other symptoms.
  • Prolonged and Heavy Menstrual-Bleeding: It is uncommon.
  • Light Menstrual-Bleeding- It is dependent on the patient’s complaint.

Irregular periods need to be looked into depending upon the desire of having children later on. Many diverse things can cause irregular periods. Changes in the hormonal levels of progesterone and estrogen might disrupt the usual period patterns. That is the reason young pubescent girls and older women nearing menopause usually are affected by irregular periods.

Some other reasons for having irregular periods are:


Generally, treatment isn’t required for menopause or puberty induced irregular periods, until the time they become bothersome or excessive. Periods also normally stop during pregnancy.

  • Correcting or treating underlying disease
  • Changing your type of birth control
  • Lifestyle changes, including weight loss
  • Hormone therapy
  • Surgery

Call your doctor if you have had regular, monthly periods and the pattern changes. Your doctor may perform a physical exam and order tests to rule out pregnancy or a health problem.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding Heavy, Prolonged, or Irregular Menstrual Periods. Obesity

Popular Health Tips

Post Menopausal Bleeding - Can It Be Something Serious?

Dr. Shailee Agrawal 92% (116 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Sirohi
Post Menopausal Bleeding - Can It Be Something Serious?
What is menopause? Menopause is that phase in the life of a woman when she can no longer reproduce. It involves the loss of fertility and the cessation of the menstrual cycle. The woman will stop bleeding every month and the ovaries stop producing eggs that can be fertilized. Menopause normally sets on after the age of 40 and bleeding may permanently stop by the age of 50. Post menopausal bleeding You are known to reach menopause when you have not been bleeding for 1 entire year. Even a small amount of spotting should not have taken place. Post-menopausal bleeding is when bleeding occurs after a year of attaining menopause. It can be a serious health disorder and requires medical attention without any further delay. Reasons behind post menopausal bleeding Polyps that are mostly non-cancerous, unwanted growths on the cervical canal, uterus or ovaries are known to cause post-menopausal bleeding. Thinning of the endometrium that lines the uterus can cause unexpected bleeding. It can be due to the rapidly receding levels of estrogen in the blood. It is also known as endometrial atrophy. Endometrial hyperplasia is a condition that leads to the thickening of the inner lining of uterus (endometrium). It also leads to the growth of abnormal and malignant cells. Endometrial cancer Other health conditions such as reaction to hormone therapy, infections of the blood or reproductive organs, certain medications and blood-thinning drugs Cancer of the ovaries, uterus or cervix How it can be treated? For diagnosis, you can undergo blood tests, ultrasounds, sonography and biopsy. Hysterectomy is done to remove the uterus and cervix can be conducted for a complete cure. It also removes the ovaries, fallopian tubes and other lymph nodes. Chemotherapy and other radiation therapies may be done for those who are in an advanced stage of endometrial cancer. Medications such hormone regulators must be taken to prevent complications.
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Why Excessive Bleeding During Menses Happens During Puberty?

Dr. K S Anamika 92% (288 ratings)
Advanced Infertility, MIS TRAINING, FICMCH, PGDS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Why Excessive Bleeding During Menses Happens During Puberty?
A girl s first period or Menarche marks her transition from a girl to a woman . Most girls have their first period between the ages of 11 to 13 depending on their genetic structure, body weight, nutrition and maturity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. Periods are usually irregular in the first two years and gradually settle into a pattern. Along with the duration of the periods, there may also be fluctuation in the amount of blood being lost. Puberty menorrhagia can be described as excessive vaginal bleeding during menstruation. This can occur up to the age of 19 years. One of the characteristic symptoms of menorrhagia during puberty is having to change tampons or sanitary napkins every 2-3 hours. Periods that last more than 7 days can also be a sign of this condition. While the average amount of blood lost during menstruation is 30ml, adolescents suffering from this condition can lose up to 80ml of blood. Other symptoms include acne, pale skin, the growth of excessive facial or body hair and palpitations of the abdomen. These indicate an imbalance of hormones within the body. In most cases, this condition is caused by anovulatory cycles. This can be described as a menstrual cycle in which an egg is not released by the ovaries. Anovulatory cycles may be triggered by sudden changes in hormone levels, drastic weight loss or weight gain, stress, extreme levels of exercising and an imbalanced diet. The use of hormonal contraceptives and infections may also cause excessive menstrual bleeding. Less common causes of this condition include endocrine disorders, systemic illnesses and structural lesions such as cervical polyps or fibroids. While menorrhagia is common during puberty, if it continues for over three months, you must consult a doctor. Depending on the factors triggering this condition it can be treated with hormonal or non-hormonal medication or even a combination of the two. Treatment for this condition must be tailored to each patient while keeping in mind her age, family medical history and co-existing medical conditions. Hormonal treatment for excessive menstrual bleeding can take the form of oral contraceptives or progesterone tablets. Non-hormonal forms of treating this condition include iron supplements and medication to reduce blood flow. You should also eat more food that is rich in iron and vitamins while reducing intake of proteins and spicy foods. Home remedies for this condition include drinking a tea made with coriander seeds or adding cinnamon to your usual cup of tea.
424 people found this helpful

Irregular Menses - Reasons Behind It!

Dr. Parag Patil 93% (968 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Irregular Menses - Reasons Behind It!
For young girls who have attained their puberty and have started with their menstruation cycle, it is not uncommon to see irregularity in the patterns of their cycles. Irregularities might be of various kinds like missing the cycle suddenly and resuming from the month after, less discharge of blood than normal, heavy discharge than normal and the likes. There are several causes of these irregularities that are faced by women. Some of the causes of irregular menstrual cycles are explained below. The main and commonest reason for irregular menses is the immaturity of the hormonal pattern . At puberty, certain new hormones start circulating in your body which cause changes in your reproductive organs namely the ovary and uterus. As these hormones are being set into a routine pattern, irregular cycles are common, and these are predominantly seen just after puberty uptll 21 years and in women nearing menopause, ie. After 40 years of age. In some, the irregularity also remains all throughout life. This is Normal too. The ONLY worry of irregular cycles is about excessive bleeding, or very irregular cycles which could be due to some local physical problems in ovary ( cysts ), uterus (excess lining development, polyps, uterine fibroids etc.) or hormones (thyroid deficiency, high prolactin, etc.) But the most common causes of irregular cycles are as below: High-Stress Level: Stress has a direct effect on your body when it comes to experiencing your cycles. Excessive stress levels in your body lead to the release of certain hormones in brain and body which interfere in the functioning of normal hormones and this cause an abnormal menstrual cycle. Hence, it is often said that stress, anger and anxiety should be reduced in order to lead a healthy life as well as to experience normal menstrual cycles. Diet: Consumption of food must be taken care of when you enter your puberty. Diet has an effect on your body. You must not either indulge into excessive fatty or oily foods on one hand, or you must not enter into a crash diet or start starving yourself, on the other. Both these extreme cases affect the normal flow of your menstrual cycle, by creating a hormonal imbalance. Weight Loss: Your weight must be maintained in synchronization with your height. Overweight and underweight are both harmful in their own accord. If you are trying to reduce weight, then the procedures should be a mixture of balanced diet and proper exercise. In fact, it is best to take help of a dietician for such purposes. Self-practiced weight loss, extreme starvation diets at times can go out of hand and this might cause an irregularity in your menstrual cycle. Exercise: Exercise is a daily requirement for maintaining proper health. But exercise should also be undertaken under a trainer or proper guidance. Excessive exercise would lead to a release of stress hormones in the body which would start interfering with not only your menstrual cycles but also other health conditions. Hence, exercise is required but not too much of it which would spoil the balance of the body. Thus, these are some of the causes of irregular menstrual cycles. In case you feel that you are suffering from frequent irregularities, it is advisable to consult a medicinal practitioner who might be able to help you in the diagnosis of the problem as well as its treatment.
582 people found this helpful

Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for Head Lice

Dr. Himanshu Singhal 91% (10 ratings)
MD - Skin,VD & Lepxsy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Rewari
Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for Head Lice
Head lice are insects that feed on the blood of your scalp. This condition usually affects children and is moderately contagious. Contrary to popular belief, head lice does not occur due to poor personal hygiene. The symptoms of head lice are: 1. Presence of lice on scalp: Lice are small insects that are usually hard to spot. But their infestation can be felt because you experience intense itching on the scalp. 2. Itching: There will be intense itching on the scalp and the neck. This itching occurs due to the saliva secretion by the lice that the skin is allergic to. Usually, the itching starts after 3 to 6 weeks of infestation. 3. Lice eggs: The lice eggs stick to the shafts of the hair. They are very hard to spot as they are small and well camouflaged. What can be the reasons behind their infestation This condition is contagious; apart from direct contact with the scalp of an infected person, this condition can also spread if you happen to share the below mentioned items with an infected person: 1. Brushes 2. Hats 3. Headphones 4. Towels 5. Pillows 6. Accessories for the hair The treatments for hair lice are: 1. Over- the counter (OTC) products: OTC products are made from pyrethrin , a compound extracted from the chrysanthemum flower. Pyrethrin works as an insecticidal compound and it is advised to use these medications only after washing your hair with a shampoo. Vinegar may also be used to loosen the nits from the hair shafts. 2. Prescription medications: Certain medications can also be prescribed by the doctor, such as benzyl alcohol and lindane. Certain home remedies for head lice include: 1. Essential oils: Apply oils such as Anise oil or tea tree on the scalp; these oils act as toxins for the lice. 2. Wet combing: This is a method wherein the wet hair is combed using a fine toothed comb to remove the nits and the lice. Repeat the procedure for 3-4 days every week.
1 person found this helpful

First Menses - What You Need To Know?

Dr. J P Mour 87% (21 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Guwahati
First Menses - What You Need To Know?
Getting your periods for the very first time can be daunting. Especially if you have never been educated about it and you are far away from home and you have no clue about what is going on. The overbearing pain from stomach cramping does not make it any better. It is always good to be on the safe side and keep yourself educated about it. What is your first period? Periods are a very natural part of your life as a woman. It happens when the body of a girl undergoes changes and starts maturing into a woman. It happens when blood is expelled out of your uterus to set up your body for maturation and pregnancy. Since your body is transforming, you can get pregnant (and just before your first period as well). Your period happens once per month and as a rule, lasts between 2-7 days, however, it might take a couple of months for your period to be consistent; the initial few might be light and sporadic. You may think that it is helpful to monitor your period every month, to see when it is expected and when it arrives. Indications of period Around the season of your first period, your body shape will get to be distinctly curvier, your hips and bosoms will enhance. You will likewise see more hair developing in new places, under your arms and around your vagina. These are all typical changes and a part of growing up. What can be the questions which are frequently asked? Q1 When will you get them? A. A women hits puberty the age of 12. So you may expect it anytime between 12-16 years of age. Sometimes it is likely for you to get it prior to this age as well. Q2 How long can it last? A. Initially your periods may not be regular and it lasts from 5-12 days. But with age, your cycle is likely to get regular and it can get over within 3 days. Q3 What to do when I get it? A. Firstly, you must not panic. Go tell a teacher or a parent or any elderly and they will surely help you. Q4 How do I manage it? A. There are several options. You can either use sanitary napkins, menstrual cups or tampons. Q5 Is it possible to exercise or go swimming? A. Yes, absolutely. If you use hygiene products such as tampons or menstrual cups, you can normally do your activities. Q6 Does it hurt? A. Unfortunately, sometimes it does. This happens because the muscles in your uterus are cramping. It usually gets better from the 2nd day of your period.
2 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

When the ovule releases in irregular periods means 5 days late actual period comes.

Dr. Girish Dani 90% (2114 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Ovulation usually occurs 14 days prior to next expected period. Only important thing is body does not behave like mathematical formula.

What kind of a diet should I have to maintain a proper menstrual cycle? Now it is approximately within 17-20 days.

Dr. Amruta Shriganesh Deshmukh 90% (542 ratings)
Homeopath, Solapur
Diet for you cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts •greens, including red leaf lettuce and arugula •green and red peppers •beans and lentils •almonds •berries •sweet potatoes •winter squash •pumpkin inform me progres.
1 person found this helpful

What's the reason behind period which stops and starts again, bleeding till 3 days then stops and in 5th day again starts. Is it because of emergency pill, or something else.?

Dr. Neelam Nath 93% (7161 ratings)
Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
yes it's due to emergency medicine like unwanted or ipill, emergency medicine should be taken only when in emergency, not as a routine these tablets are loaded with hormones which can lead to complications like hormonal imbalances and irregular periods

My wife's edd is on 7th Dec n 4th Dec we went for checkup n doctor told dat to admit on 6th Dec. She faced irregular periods. Is dis the reason dat her due date is postponing. fetus moments are gd. How much time we have to wait to get normal delivery as dis was 2nd pregnancy. please suggest us.

Dr. Girish Dani 90% (2114 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
For anyone with irregular periods due date is decided by ultrasonography done in early pregnancy. At this stage no way to find out. Id due date is 7/12 then waiting beyond it does have little extra risk for baby so depending on her internal examination decision may be taken for starting pains with drugs.

Health Quizzes

Excessive Bleeding During Menses - What Can Be Done?

Dr. Jayanti Kamat 90% (451 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Advanced Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Heavy menstrual bleeding can cause anaemia. True or false. Take this quiz to know now.
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High Intensity workouts during periods

Dr. Asha Gavade 90% (21 ratings)
DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
You can lose up to 15% extra calories during your periods with no effort. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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