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Overview

Malaria - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Malaria?

Malaria is serious life threatening disease. Malaria is typically transmitted via a bite of a mosquito, which is known as the Anopheles. Infected Anopheles mosquito are the carrier of Plasmodium parasite that causes Malaria. When this type of mosquito bites any human, the plasmodium parasite is released in the host’s bloodstream.

What happens in Malaria ?

Once the malaria parasite enters the bloodstream, it wades through the circulatory system and travel to the liver, where they hibernate and mature. Once matured, after several days, the grown up plasmodium parasite enters the bloodstream once more and now it begins to affect the red blood cells. Within 48-72 hours these parasites gets inside the host’s red blood cells and multiply very rapidly, causing the infected cells to burst open.

As the malaria parasites continue to infect the host’s red blood cells, it results in symptoms that occurs in cycles that lasts for three to four days at a time.

This disease is typically found in the warm and humid tropical and subtropical places all across the globe, where the plasmodium parasites can thrive. According to the WHO (World Health Organization) there are estimated 3200,000 people who are at risk of this disease across the world.

Mothers infected with plasmodium parasites can also pass this disease to their babies. This is called congenital malaria. Although malaria is primarily transmitted through blood, but it can also be passed over during an organ transplant surgery, used of shared syringes and needles and during blood transfusion therapy.

Diagnoses:

It’s only your doctor who can diagnose you of this disease. While doing so, the doctor generally review your health history which also include information whether you did any recent travel to a topical zone, or you have anyone infected with this disease in your family or neighborhood.

Next the doctor try to determine if you have an enlarged liver or spleen, and if it’s so, your doctor may advice additional blood tests to confirm the diagnosis.

These blood tests will determine whether you are infected with malaria, what type of malaria you have, if the malaria you are having is resistant to certain type of drugs, have the disease caused anemia and have effected your vital organs and others.

Cerebral malaria, is one of the deadliest type of this illness that causes swelling of the blood vessels inside your brain. This can result in brain damage. Moreover, patients who are infected with drug-resistant plasmodium parasites are also at a risk once infected with this disease. For in both of these cases, malaria may recur in patients affected with these disease, which can cause many other complications later on in their lives.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread through the air or contaminated surfaces
Symptoms
Chills Fever and sweating Pian in the muscles Shivering and sweating Fast heart rate Headache and nausea

Popular Health Tips

Malaria During Pregnancy - 4 Ways it Can be Treated!

MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Malaria During Pregnancy - 4 Ways it Can be Treated!

Malaria is a disease that is caused by the bite of a certain mosquito or protozoan parasite. This can attack the red blood cells and is mainly found in tropical as well as subtropical areas. Until recently, there was little chance of recovering from this ailment. Yet, in today's day and age of great medical advancement, it has become possible to cure a patient suffering from this disease with the help of timely and proper diagnosis. This disease becomes even more complicated and problematic when it affects pregnant women.

The ways in which this disease can be treated during pregnancy is as follows:

  1. Medication therapy: If woman is found to be suffering from this disease in the second or third trimester of their pregnancy, they may be prescribed artemisinin-based therapy. This therapy can be used only if the pregnant lady is not suffering from any other kind of complications like heart conditions, diabetes and high blood pressure, during the pregnancy. This medicine is short-acting, with artemether or artesunate,which can greatly reduce the number of parasites that may have invaded the red blood cells.
  2. Other antimalarials: The treatment of this disease for pregnant women can also be done with the help of other antimalarials, which should typically be prescribed and administered in a clinical setting. These also include quinidine gluconate which can be used in place of the IV quinine in order to bring down the number of parasites in the body. This will lessen the attack on the red blood cells to a great degree. Lumefantrine tablets may also be used in such cases. Also, the doctor will have to first try a test dose to ensure that the patient is not allergic to any of the elements or compounds of these medicines.
  3. Monitoring: Pregnant women suffering from malaria will need to get their blood samples tested on a regular basis. The blood smears will usually be tested daily to check whether the body is responding adequately to the treatment. This will also ensure that the doctor knows when to change the dose or the drug involved.
  4. Diet and exercise: The patient will be asked to stick to the normal diet and activity levels. Yet, care must be taken to avoid any situation where fatigue might set in, as this can aggravate the condition. One must also increase the intake of water to ensure that the body is always well hydrated. This helps the body in bouncing back to normal as the toxins are continuously flushed out, and the immunity system is better equipped to fight the disease causing parasites.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2910 people found this helpful

Are You Aware Of These Symptoms Of Malaria?

DOMS, MBBS
General Physician, Gurgaon
Are You Aware Of These Symptoms Of Malaria?

Malaria refers to the disease transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito. The primary agent of transmission of this disease is the ‘Anopheles’ mosquito. This particular breed of mosquito carries the species causing organism, a parasitic protozoan, known as ‘Plasmodium species’.

The parasite, upon entering the bloodstream, attaches itself to the liver. It is at this location that the parasite matures and after a few days begins to infect the red blood cells that are secreted by the liver. The red blood cells that are infected tend to explode in about forty eight to seventy two hours due to the rapid multiplication of parasites inside them. The subtropical regions and regions that exist in a broad band around the equator are known to be the hotspots of species.

Symptoms

Upon being infected, the symptoms and signs show up within 10 days to 4 weeks. Some of the general symptoms include:

  1. Nausea

  2. High fever

  3. Headache

  4. Extreme sweating

  5. Moderate to severe chills

  6. Vomiting

  7. Anaemia

  8. Diarrhoea

  9. Pain in muscles

  10. Blood in stools

In some cases, malaria can lead to further severe complications, such as:

  1. Kidney, spleen or liver failure

  2. Cerebral malaria (swollen blood vessels in the brain)

  3. Low blood sugar

  4. Pulmonary oedema (fluid accumulation in the lungs which causes breathing difficulties)

The medications administered for malaria depend on factors such as:

  1. Severity of the infection

  2. Physical conditions such as allergies, pregnancy and other health problems,

  3. Age

Some of the most common medicines used to address malaria include:

  1. Chloroquine

  2. Malarone

  3. Doxycycline

  4. Quinine sulphate

  5. Mefloquine

  6. Hydroxychloroquine

  7. A mix of Proguanil and Atovaquone

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3528 people found this helpful

4 Ways To Prevent Miscarriage!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, PhD(breast diseases)
Gynaecologist, Chandigarh
4 Ways To Prevent Miscarriage!

Miscarriage is the early loss of foetus within 20 weeks of pregnancy. It is also known as ‘spontaneous abortion’. According to research, about 8-20% of the pregnancies end in miscarriage. Out of the total number of miscarriages, 80% of them end within 12 weeks of pregnancy.

Types of Miscarriages and their Symptoms 

  1. Threatened Miscarriage – As the term suggests, in this condition the process of miscarriage might have begun. This is the initial stage of the process. In threatened miscarriage, there is slight bleeding accompanied by cramps and pain in the lower back, which is usually mild. The cervix (the lower part of the uterus) remains closed
  2. Inevitable and Incomplete Miscarriage – In these conditions, there is bleeding along with an open cervix. When there is dilatation and thinning of the cervix, miscarriage is inevitable. In incomplete miscarriage, part of the tissue comes out and a part remains inside the uterus. In inevitable and incomplete abortions, the bleeding and cramps are more severe. 
  3. Complete Miscarriage – Complete miscarriage is when the embryo has completely emptied from the uterus. The pain and bleeding reduce once the foetus is expelled. This can be confirmed through ultrasound
  4. Missed Miscarriage – In Missed miscarriage, there is no sign of the life of the embryo and there is no expulsion of the embryo. It can be detected from the absence of heartbeat of the embryo found on ultrasound. 
  5. Recurrent Miscarriage – It happens when there are two or three miscarriages one after the other. It affects about 1% of the pregnancies. 

Risk Factors 

  1. Increased maternal age i.e., women above 35 years. 
  2. Excess or insufficient chromosome in embryo. 
  3. Placenta is the organ which links mother and the baby for blood supply. Problem in the development of placenta can cause miscarriage. 
  4. Excessive smoking and drinking during pregnancy. 
  5. Obese women have higher risk of miscarriage. 
  6. Long-term health conditions like high blood sugarhigh blood pressure, liver disease etc.
  7. Infections like rubella, malaria etc. 
  8. Weakened cervix, which is the result of previous injury or surgery, can also result in miscarriage. 

What are the symptoms of a miscarriage

  1. Bleeding or spotting can be one of the symptoms of miscarriage. It should be kept in mind that not all pregnant women who suffer from spotting or bleeding, end in miscarriage. 
  2. Lower backache starts before or right after bleeding, which can be persistent or you could have cramps which may be mild or sharp and can feel like more of pelvic pressure. 
  3. Missed miscarriages are detected through ultrasound when the doctor finds that there is no heartbeat of the embryo or when the uterus is not growing. 

What are the treatment options in miscarriage? 

  1. Medical – In most of the cases, there are no specific drugs to stop a miscarriage from occurring. In some cases, certain hormonal preparations help. There is no point in prescribing medicines for prevention of miscarriage if there is heavy bleeding. 
  2. Surgery – Dilatation and evacuation (D&E) is a simple operation which is done under general/local anaesthesia. In this operation, the cervical canal is dilated and contents present in the uterus are evacuated. There is no cutting involved as it happens through the vagina. The process needs only five to ten minutes, but the patient has to stay in the hospital for about 3-4 hours. 

This process is opted when: 

  1. There is heavy bleeding. 
  2. The patient suffers from missed miscarriage. 

What can you do to prevent miscarriage? 

Nothing much can be done to prevent miscarriage in most of the cases. However, following supportive measures may help: 

  1. There should not be overexertion during pregnancy. Moderate amount of physical activity is permissible. 
  2. One should have a well-balanced diet. Studies have shown that a diet loaded with fruits and veggies helps in overall well-being during pregnancy. One should limit the consumption of caffeine. 
  3. Avoid smoking, alcohol and certain drugs to prevent miscarriage. 
  4. Avoid stress and anxiety

Report to a Doctor as soon as any symptom related to miscarriage appears.

4 people found this helpful

मलेरिया के लक्षण

MBBS, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
मलेरिया के लक्षण

सबसे प्रचलित संक्रामक रोगों में से एक मलेरिया प्लाजमोडियम कुल के प्रोटोजोआ परजीवी के माध्यम से फैलता है. आपको बता दें कि केवल चार प्रकार के प्लाजमोडियम परजीवी ही मानवों को प्रभावित कर पाते हैं. इन चारों में सबसे ज्यादा खतरनाक हैं प्लाजमोडियम फैल्सिपैरम और प्लाजमोडियम विवैक्स माने जाते हैं. इसके अलावा प्लाजमोडियम ओवेल और प्लाजमोडियम मलेरिये नामक परजीवी भी मानव जीवन को प्रभावित करते हैं. इन सारे समूहों को ही ‘मलेरिया परजीवी’ कहा जाता है.
इस सन्दर्भ में मलेरिया परजीवी के वाहक रूप में मादा एनोफ़िलेज मच्छर है. इसके काटने से ही मलेरिया के परजीवी लाल रक्त कोशिकाओं में प्रवेश करके बहुगुणित होते हैं. इस वजह से रक्ताल्पता, साँस फूलना आदि लक्षणों के साथ सर्दी, जुखाम और उल्टी जैसी अनुभूति देखी जा सकती है. 
1. ठण्ड लगने के साथ बुखार आना
मलेरिया के संक्रमण का सबसे प्रमुख लक्षण है कि अचानक तेज कंपकंपी के साथ ठंड ठंड लगती है और इसके कुछ ही देर बाद बुखार आ जाता है. ये बुखार लगभग चार से छः घंटा तक रहता है और फिर पसीना आकर बुखार उतर जाता है.
2. हर दो-तीन दिन में बुखार आना
दुसरे तरह का संक्रमण जिसे पी. फैल्सीपैरम कहते हैं. इसमें भी शुरू-शुरू में कंपकंपी के साथ ठंड लगती है. इसके बाद आपको 36 से 48 घंटे तक बुखार रह सकता है. ये देखा गया है कि ये बुखार हर दो-तीन दिन में फिर से आ जाता है.
3. तीव्र सरदर्द के साथ बुखार
मलेरिया के कुछ गंभीर मामले जिसके पीछे पी. फैल्सीपैरम ही जिम्मेदार होता है. ये संक्रमण के 6 से 14 दिन बाद होता है. इसमें तिल्ली और यकृत के आकार में वृद्धि, तेज सर दर्द, रक्त में ग्लूकोज की कमी जिसे अधोमधुरक्तता आदि लक्षण दिखाई पड़ते हैं. हलांकि इसमें मूत्र में हिमोग्लोबिन का उत्सर्जन और किडनी की विफलता भी हो सकती है जिसे आमतौर पर कालापानी बुखार कहते हैं.
4. गंभीर मामलों में मूर्छा
युवाओं, बच्चों और गर्भवती महिलाओं को हुए मलेरिया के गंभीर मामलों में काफी कुछ हद तक मूर्छा या मृत्यु की भी संभावना रहती है. कई मामलों में तो मृत्यु कुछ घंटों तक में भी हो सकती है. महामारी वाले क्षेत्रों में मृत्युदर ज्यादा पाई जाती है.

6. हाँथ-पाँव में ऐंठन
कई युवाओं या बच्चों में दिमागी मलेरिया की संभावना ज्यादा पाई जाती है. इसमें दिमाग में रक्त की आपूर्ति में कमी आ जाती है. ज्यादा असर होने पर हाथ-पाँव में अजीब सी ऐंठन भी आ जाती है. कुछ बच्चों का तो मानसिक विकास भी रुक सकता है.
7. कुछ अन्य लक्षण
* कई बार ऐसा भी देखा जाता है कि शरीर की त्वचा धीरे-धीरे ठंडी पड़ने लगती है. ऐसा बुखार के कारण होता है.
* मलेरिया बुखार में अक्सर ही लोगों को उलटी होने या जी मचलने की शिकायत होती है. इसकी वजह से कई बार मन भारी होने लगता है.
* इसके लक्षणों में से एक ये भी है कि आपकी आँखें लाल होने लगती हैं. हो सकता है कि आँखों में थोड़ा जलन भी महूसस हो.
* इसमें आपको थकान भी महसूस होता है. कई बार इस थकान की वजह से कमजोरी भी लगने लगता है.
* कई लोगों में तेज सरदर्द देखा जाता है जो कि धीरे-धीरे बढ़ता है. ये उलटी या थकान की वजह से भी हो सकता है.
* कई छोटे बच्चों में डायरिया की शिकायत होती है. चूँकि बच्चों का प्रतिरक्षा तंत्र कमजोर होता है इसलिए इन्हें ज्यादा परेशानी होती है.

इन लक्षणों के नजर आने पर आपको तुरंत किसी डॉक्टर को दिखाना चाहिए. ध्यान रहे कि समय से अस्पताल जाने पर आपको जल्द ही आराम मिल जाता है. लेकिन वहीँ यदि आप देर करके अस्पताल में जाते हैं तो आपकी बिमारी के साथ-साथ परेशानी भी बढ़ जाती है.

1 person found this helpful

Mosquitoes - 5 Ways You Can Get Rid of Them!

MBBS, Diploma in Public Health ( Preventive and Social Medicine)
General Physician, Navi Mumbai
Mosquitoes - 5 Ways You Can Get Rid of Them!

With a number of virus and other mosquito borne disease threats looming in, such as denguechikungunyamalaria and other deadly diseases. The number of cases are on the rise throughout the country, there has been an alarming rise is the use of market bought mosquito repellents. While they are no doubt, very effective, but they also emit gases which can be harmful to us. There exist in our homes, commodities with which we can achieve the same results - to have a mosquito-free home. Few such ways are as follows:

1. Though it might smell bad initially, it is also the reason why mosquitoes will stay away. Crush a few pods of garlic, boil it in water and spray the liquid in the room, especially in the corners.

2. Camphor is easily available and good way to get rid of mosquitoes. Light a little bit of camphor in a room after closing all doors and windows. Leave the room for about twenty minutes and when you go back, your room will be mosquito free.

3. Infuse citronella oil in a candle and burn the candle to have a mosquito free room. Alternatively, you can use the oil in a vaporizer.

4. If you have a garden, plant mosquito repellent plants like lavender, catnip and citronella in the areas near the windows of your house to drive the mosquitoes away.

5. Get rid of all stored water within and around your house. These waters are breeding grounds for mosquitoes. If you need to store water for the unexpected shortage of water, make sure that you keep changing it.

Sharing is caring. Share this helpful tip with your loved ones by clicking on Share below. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a general physician.

5538 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, I try to explain my state, dono whether could convey correct, but hope you will understand my situation and help me, what next step I should take, Past 1 month I am suffering from mind disturbance and some kind of fear over future, one month before I had malaria fever, during those fever days I couldn't sleep at all whole day and night negative thoughts and a fear was thr and already I am quite obsessed becoz of without sleep BP got raised, I recovered from fever but they giving me BP medication, but for past 1 month full of negative thoughts and a fear abt future, imaging over abt future, uncontrollable thoughts going all over day and sweating comes more while thinking, can't be relax a single minute, I am now in home and some fear is thr that I couldn't work something will happen, I understand people are thr more complex situation, I am so collapsed done What to do next afraid something will go kind of mental issues, I couldn't sit in home and also afraid in working, help me.

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Tremors, feeling anxious or nervous, sense of panic, sweating, increased heartbeat, feeling of impending doom, stomach discomfort, dizziness etc are signs of anxiety. These can be debilitating. If the anxiety us overwhelming, consult a psychiatrist at the earliest. With the right medication and counseling, it is likely your symptoms will improve. Other than that, try yoga, deep breathing, meditation, moderate exercise, progressive muscular relaxation and guided meditation.
3 people found this helpful

Why do not you try to findout the root cause of diabetes and find the correct therapy and help the human community. Like TB, LEPROSY,CHOLERA, PLAGUE,SMALL POX MALARIA FILARIA etc. These diseases also have symptoms ravaging the community since centuries but the then Scientists investigated ,found the root cause, medicine and cured !BUT NOW DOCTORS ARE INTERESTED IN MAKING MONEY OVER BLOWING AND SCARING PEOPLE WITH SO CALLED DANGEROUS SIDE EFFECTS OF DIABETES WHICH OCCURS IN ALL AGING PROCESS. EVEN WITHOUT DIABETES. HIGH TIME YOU START FREE treatment FOR ALL DIABETICS LIKE TB, LEPROSY,AIDS. Etc. Now there is no institution in the world in diabetic research area.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, You are right that there should be more research in the field of diabetes, and it is happening. The only difference between various diseases which you have mentioned and diabetes is that those are all infections some caused by bacteria and some by viruses. Infections can be cured by using drugs like antibiotics and anti -virals. Plus vaccination so that our body makes antibodies against the invading organism and fights them. But diabetes, hypertension, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism are part of non-communicable diseases. Some of them particularly diabetes and hypertension are directly linked with the lifestyle a person follows. T1 diabetes is is an autoimmune disease where our own immune cells produce antibodies against Beta cells which secrete Insulin, destroying them. This leads to diabetes which has to be treated only with insulin injection that too for the whole life. In 1921 Insulin was discovered, which is now helping us save life of scores of diabetic patients. T2 diabetes is increasing mainly because of increasing excess eating, taking in of lot of junk foods, inactivity, indulgence in alcohol and smoking. There is continuous research going on to find out how the patients can be helped. It wrong to say that doctors are not interested in curing the disease and want to make money. Enough efforts are being made. Infact increasing awareness about the disease and change in life style will help us in redcucing diabetes. Thanks.

My daughter is 3 year old since from 4 days she is suffering fever medical check up done blood test done malaria, typhoid, and dengue test done and found nil report but albumin found in urine test pediatrician prescribed Fever mol mf, and opox CV, and monticope but Fever not cured.

Diploma in Child Health (DCH), F.I.A.M.S. (Pediatrics)
Pediatrician, Muzaffarnagar
Fever for 4 days with albumin in urine indicates may be some thing else than common viral fever. Get her urine re checked. If it is viral fever, it may take 4-6 days to get cured.

100fever 3 days before, after thAt having swelling in legs and skin rashes dullness no fever this time dengue and malaria test r neg- e but platelet r 90,000 wh at it wll be.

Diploma in Child Health (DCH)
Pediatrician, Delhi
Rpt blood counts including platelets till starts rising, chikungunaya serological tests, KFT, LFT, RBS, Repeat dengue serology at 7th day oral medicines for increasing platelets, maintain good hydration, no painkillers.
1 person found this helpful

Doctor few years back she was operated for brain malaria due to which her hearing power is damaged he have to speak louder to talk to her and mostly every few months ahe gets bleeding from her ear from were she was operated and huge head paid such that she cannot speak to any 1.

Masters in audiology and speech therapy
Audiologist, Hyderabad
Plz go with detailed audiological hearing evaluation. Pure tone audiometry, tympanometry. After the result you can ho with the hearing aid trail according to the degree of hearing loss.

Table of Content

What is Malaria?

What happens in Malaria ?

Diagnoses:

Play video
Know More About Viral Fever
Symptoms and treatments of Viral fever
Symptoms and treatments of Viral fever

Good Morning all of you my name is Dr. Anil Kr Mehta consultant physician attached to Akash Hospital. Today's topic of discussion is viral fever. As you know viral fever attacks every human being in his/her life. It refers to wide range of viral infections characterized by body ache, increase in body temperature, headache, rash, restlessness, reduced activity of the human being and leads to various kinds of illnesses. You can broadly classify it as viral illness. You can control the viral fever symptomatically with various medications available over the counter at the chemist shop.

Now how can we diagnose viral fever? It can only be diagnosed by symptoms and the descriptions given by the person that whether he is suffering from body ache, rashes, red eyes, cough and cold. These are the basic symptoms of viral fever. Diagnosis is basically done by symptoms and by complete blood count to rule out other infectious diseases like typhoid, hepatitis. Therefore we have to check basic blood parameters like complete blood count, ESR, peripheral smear for malaria antigen.

How can one treat viral fever? It can be treated symptomatically by paracetamol to reduce body temperature. Also you can do cold sponging, and take well nourished diet. If you add Vitamin you may consume Limcee in your diet. When there is deficiency in the body, it reduces immunity which fights and controls various infections in your body. If you take Vitamin C regularly you can fight viral fever.
And there are various home remedies, like coriander tea, herbal tea, fenugreek seeds, tulsi leaves, rice starch, dry ginger lime mixture.
For more information you can contact me at lybrate.
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Prevention and Cure During Rainy Season
How to take care of your health in rainy season
Hello, friends, my name is Tarun Jhamb. I am MD physician, consultant and I have an experience of last 15 years for the medical practice and here we discuss today as the topic of care in the rainy seasons.

How to take care of health and personal tips during the rainy season or this is a monsoon season, as we know the monsoon season is good and we have got the different rainy seasons, rainy scenes and everybody likes to have a rain and it s while covering from the summer so everybody likes this rain. But we know it s a health issue also during the monsoon season as because of most of the humidity is there and because of the rain and lots of bacteria and infections they flare up in the air, in the dust and everywhere there is the water is kept with a lot of infections and mosquito breeding areas and all this leads to an infectious issues like diarrhea and the stomach issues and all the respiratory issues, upper respiratory tract infections as well as all the issues related to the nose, throat and sinus issues and skin issues. Because of the humidity and all these general issues can be taken care with preventive care which we will discuss and then there are the remedies for it OKAY.

How will we prevent this? When we are wet with the rain, when we are coming from outside we should have a shower and clean the body and make it dry before entering the AC area. And we should have the all light food avoiding all the spicy oily food and we should avoid all the outings in the rain and we should take care of our personal protection, devices whence we are going like umbrellas and the other the rain coats. And health wise we need to take care of avoiding all the outside food from the roadside because there are like Pani Puris and other things which are usually unhygienic. We should take care of all the packed foods and because of the rainy, our stomach gets upset. We can take a lot of citrus fruits which have the Vitamin C component and increases the immunity levels and it boosts our immune system and it s good for the health. Lemon water and all these citrus fruits are important.

Rest of the general instructions from the respiratory point of view. We should use a handkerchief and proper hand wash technique should be learned and areas which are the full of the dust and pollution and all the roadside areas we should avoid it. And that s the main purpose of avoiding sinus issues and the respiratory issues and rest of our common cold, fevers and viral fevers are very common like Malaria fever, dengue fever and we should have the clean environment around our surrounding at the home and avoid all the rainy water around our atmosphere. Because that is the breeding point of the vector borne and the mosquito is borne infections. So we should take care of all this infection. Proper health and proper diet and side by side morning evening walk is the must. And we should take proper breakfast, lunch, and dinner and take a lot of healthy foods and green salads is also good for the health.

As we know all these symptoms just to revise it all the cold congestion, upper respiratory tract infections, sinus problems than our stomach issues and the body ache problems. If any of you have the issues due to rainy seasons I am available to contactable with our Lybrate site with Dr. Tarun Jhamb and we got the clinic in the Sector-4 area, Gurgaon. It s near Sector-4 HUDA market so I am approachable and I would like to have the service for you.
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Homeopathy
Here are tips of Homeopathic treatments
Here are tips of Homeopathic treatments

Hello, friends, I am Dr. Meghna Gupta. I am a homeopath the sweet pill doctor. Today we will talk about homeopathy. Homeopathy is a medical science development of Dr. Samuel Hanhnemann, a German physician. The principle behind the science is similia similibus curantur that is like cures like. In simple whatever substance can cause disease in large quantities can also cure the disease in small quantities. This is the principle behind this science. You must have seen that homeopathy is getting popular day by day. What is the reason behind this? The reason is that you try to treat the patient as a whole not only disease part. Try to give as less medicine as possible in minute doses in the gentlest way with least suffering and we try to treat the person as a whole, he feels better as a whole.

Sometimes the person comes to me ma am this also, this problem which I didn t even tell has also been cured that is the beauty of homeopathy. What I have seen in my practice in nowadays that most of the problems are psychosomatic disorders that are the disease first comes in the mind and then travels to the body. Though this is not true for all the cases that come to us yes it is appropriate for most of the cases that come to us. Why? Because we have so much stress relationships in life nowadays, such busy life, such sedentary lifestyles but very busy lifestyles, high-pressure jobs, competitiveness.

So many people are having problems like gastrointestinal disorders, acidity, acid reflux, hypertension, Blood pressure, thyroid, PCOD s, diabetes, hair fall, sinusitis, headaches, migraines and so on and homeopathy has shown wonderful results in all these things. Apart from these, we have very good results in female disorders, in child disorders, allergies from pollens, cold, dust, obstinate children and so on the list is endless and we have actually treated very well the patients of Dengue, malaria, typhoid, and jaundice. What I try to do in my clinic that I try to take very detailed case history of the person like his likes and dislikes his past family history, his own family history, and his relationship with his spouse, the relationship between his own parents, his birth history, his reaction to temperatures, his work life, the kind of work he does.

Why do you take so many questions? Why? Because we want to individualize the patients to an extent as possible so that we are giving him only one medicine which can take care of all the problems like you must not have seen in every case every side has its own limitations so homeopathy has its limitations but still it has been a very wonderful science and we are blessed to have such a nice science in our own reach. It s a boon for us, the mankind. When I see the wonderful results of this science I fall in love with this science every day.

If you want to know more about homeopathy and wonderful results it has you are very free to come to my clinic at MediEval or you can connect with me on Lybrate for online consultation. Thank you. Stay healthy.
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Know More About Addiction
Hello, I am Dr. Milind Barhate, psychiatrist practicing in Varli and Mumbai area. Now we discuss about the addiction.

Addiction is a disease and it is different from other disease. Most of the people believe that addiction is the only habit. They do not accept that it's a disease. Most of the other disease patient accept whatever this is, whether it is fever, malaria dengu, heart problem, diabetes, problem cancer etc. Patient accepts and go for the treatment. But in case of addiction, patient believes that he/she is normal. Even after there is a liver problem or because of addiction multiple problems arises. Some people requires only one quarter at night to fall asleep, it's not his problem and that's why they do not get it treated and it's a common issue.

Addiction now is increasing. Initially people goes for only alcohol, tobacco, smoking. Nowadays teenagers and children are getting drug addicted like Kaname, Ganja marijuana, charas, brown sugar and cocaine etc. Chemical addiction is also common addiction of the medicines or tablets or syrup.

So addiction is a disease it affects your brain and your body. After certain period of time, your brain and body gets dependent on such substance and because of this reason people generally take the substance repeatedly. There is a change in your brain. Chemical changes occur that causes impulsive inability, frustration, depression, psychosis, a lot of mood changes. In addition to it, it affects everywhere. It affects your body from brain to toe. When it affects your brain it causes lot of diseases like dementia, seizures. When it affects your lung it causes bronchitis lung diseases. When it affects your liver it also affects your liver for the coc's or cancer of the liver, or vomiting of the blood. It also causes blood pressure, diabetes, hypertension, heart problems and erectile dysfunction, reducing sperm count, reducing weight and appetite. It also causes change in behavior, change in sexual behavior, change in sleep and at appetite and also changing driving.

Because of addiction the chances of an accident can increase. It also affects your family also. We'd also affect at occupation also, at your economy also. So it affects almost all parts of your life like body, family, at occupation, at your economy social life and spiritual life. So it's a disease, but different from other diseases, and it may harm oe's life severely. Still the person believes that he is okay. It becomes habit and because of this attitude, most of the patients left untreated which ultimately end up to late stage for the treatment. They come with the mouth cancer and that stage even after if you stop the alcohol, it may ultimately result death. There is a treatment available for it. Treatment is little bit difficult and different from other diseases. So medicines are important to treat the problem.

There are medicines to control the withdrawal features. There are a medicine for sleeping problems, the treatment for constipation is also available as most of the tobacco smokers they're suffering from constipation. Early morning they do not get the pressure. That's why they are regularly taking tobacco and alcohol. Tobacco and smoking, so there are medicines for that problem. Tension and even if you are suffering from anxiety, depression or psychosis there is a medicine. Some anti craving medicines are also there to control your mood and craving for substance.

At the same time along with medicines, family counseling, accounting also necessary. Individual counseling also necessary. Social counseling also available for alcoholism. Alcoholic for Drugs Narcotics Anonymous is there, if a person takes a treatment for a longer time. If we take it, it went for only one day, there is no chance. If we took a treatment for one month, there is a little chance and if it continued treatment for 1 year, he's having 25 percent of the chances to come out from the alcohol or drugs. At the same time if he continues the medicines, counseling and social counseling and social support, family support for the longest, wait more than five years there are chances more than eighty percent to come out of this problem. Its lifelong business. There are well known relapses. Even after stopping for alcohol or drugs for five years or ten years there are chances of relapses. The long treatment is needed to prevent the relapses. Cure is not possible treatment because it is a disease of personality. When we counsel the patient, when we are doing individual counseling, we enforce the patient initially, we tell the patients about the disease model and and to make them accept so that they can overcome through it.

Alcoholism and drug is a disease. After accepting, the second part is to identify the character defect, because alcoholism and drug is not a major problem, the major problem is character, habit and a behavior. So second stage is to identify that character defect or behavior deface leading to addiction. After identifying that character defects, we focus that character defect and we work on that with the help of small step program and as the time continues if the patient is ready and motivated to work on it, there are the good chances to come out from this situation. The only thing is, first admit that you are an addict. Second come forward for a treatment and be patient for a longer treatment.

For more information you can contact me on lybrate.com from Dr. milind Barhate. Thank you.
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Hairfall
Here are causes and prevention of hair loss

"Hi! I am Dr. Raj Kirit. A very good day to all of you. I practice in CELESTEE skin and laser clinic which is located in Jubilee Hills. Today I am gonna talk about Hair fall. Hair fall ranges from all groups, from age of 12 years to probably extending the age of 60 or 70 years as well. But what is important for us? Hair fall happening in youngsters or the hair fall which is happening in the middle age group is one of the most concerning and descending and as well distressing for the youngsters too. So what are the causes of hair fall? In general age hair fall it happens in males as well as in females, but in males it is commonly called as Telogen effluvium or Androgenetic Alopecia, which is a male pattern baldness. Whereas in females it is called as Female pattern hair loss, because most of the times the female pattern baldness as well as the Telogen effluvium, the both chronic and acute can coexist together which is commonly seen. So that is why, a very undefined entity which is called as female pattern hair loss is the commonest problem for hair loss.

So coming to Telogen effluvium, what is Telogen effluvium? The hair, whenever a person is suffering with malaria, tuberculosis or in conditions such as very emotional distress or physical stress or any other conditions like dieting, nutritional deficiencies or even when people are on dieting or crash diets, so these kind of things can trigger the condition called as Telogen effluvium. The body is deprived of all the nutritional factors and hence it stops the hair s and nail s growth suddenly. And these hair which become weak, shed off. This is Telogen effluvium. But whereas the Androgenetic Alopecia is a genetic and androgen dependent, that is the reason it is termed as Androgenetic Alopecia. Whenever the baldness is effecting the youngsters, we have seen the earliest cases of Grade-7 Alopecia that is the complete male pattern baldness in the age of 72. That is our experience, but we are seeing the male pattern baldness pre-founding as early as 12 years of age. One case which has been reported at 8 years of age from Canada. So you see baldness can be earlier onset. When it happens post like 30 years, for 40 years, it s all fine, but when it happens before the age of 30, that is more concerning for the young males as well as the females.

Coming to the types of Alopecia, what is this Grade-4, Grade-3, and Grade-1? In case if any person is losing on the forehead, that is Grade-1. And Grade-2, that is the early onset of male pattern baldness in which the person is losing in the front of the scalp as well as on the back of the scalp that is called Grade-3 or Grade-4. And when the person is losing the entire strip of the baldness at the end, it is called as Grade-7 Alopecia. So males progress that way.

So does baldness happens in females?

Yes it does happens in females too. The only thing is it goes unnoticed. There are two types of baldness that is the male pattern baldness and the female. When the baldness progresses from here, the front line hair, the hairline recedes back, that is called the male pattern baldness in females. Whereas there is another type of female pattern baldness, which is called the Ludwig s type as well the Olsen s type where the parting of hair becomes more prominent. That is also a type of female pattern baldness, so the parting becomes prominent, the thin hair becomes prominent and you can also see the scalp whenever you take a head bath and you come out and look into the mirror, you can see the scalp is very much visible and also you see the thinning of the hair and especially in females, you can notice that the plates become thinner and thinner.

Does thyroid cause hair loss?

Yes it causes hair loss. Can thyroid problems persist when the thyroid problems persist? Yes, thyroid problems can persist with the hair loss problems. Why? Because the hair is always regulated with the hormones, especially with the thyroid as well as the testosterone. Now in females there is a common condition called as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or the Polycystic Ovarian disease. Even the PCOD patients who are more susceptible to PCOD, they can also present with more amount of hair fall. So the iron deficiency is one of the reasons and also the PCOS. So apart from the other causes such as the stress as well as the iron deficiencies and the other nutritional deficiencies, the hormonal conditions are also have to be looked upon. Once the females cross around females, they are more prone to PCOS especially when they cross the age of 24. So every year checkup or an annual checkup of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome has to be done in case you are suffering with acne, oiliness of the glands, oiliness of the face as well for the weight gain and menstrual cycle irregularities. So these are the five conditions when you have to suspect that you might be suffering with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.

What is the balanced diet for hair?

How much are we concerned balancing diet for your hair? The answer is very simple. You are supposed to take a lot of fresh fruits, fresh vegetables, green salad especially mutton liver and fish and also prawns and seafoods can contain more amount of proteins and minerals as well as you can take lots of pomegranates, apples and of course you are supposed to take soya bean chunks and a glass of milk every day. So this kind of balanced diet can improvise the hair fall, can improvise the condition especially when you are tackling with hair loss. Coming to the treatment of hair loss, the gold standard is Minoxidil either 2% in females or 5% in males or even when we go up to 10% in certain males. When the amount of hair loss is extensive and, we need to require the hair growth faster and better responses. So Minoxidil is a gold standard which we cannot replace. It is a time tested molecule, it helps a lot of patients.

But the only thing you have to understand is, hair loss treatment is not temporary it has to be long-lasting, so the question comes how long we have to use Minoxidil? You can use it as long as you want hair. That is the only answer what I give to my patients. And the other treatments are mesotherapy, which will use platelet-rich plasma and detox diet as well as Minoxidil and certain other medications where we use and inject into the skin and then the hair start to grow up. But when do we see these results? In 3 to 6 months we see them and we see persistent results and we have very less failures.

Coming to the hair transplantation, in hair transplantation, we do both methods-
1. FUE [Follicular Unit Extraction] methods
2. Follicular Unit Transplantation

FUE is very advanced, we use advanced machines in it. We get excellent results with hair transplantation. With FUE methods you can hardly make out that there has been any scar or any hair transplant you have done. The older technique which is one of the good methods, that is called the Follicular Unit Transplantation. I choose FUE in youngsters because it gives a lot of benefit for them because they have less scars. So these are the various forms of therapies for hair loss. Fist we have to stop the hair loss then we have to go for the restoration of hair loss and then you can do hair transplantations as well depending on the conditions and requirement.

This is me DR. Raj Kirit. I practice at Celeste s King laser and hair clinic. I am a consultant, trichologist, dermatologist and hair transplant surgeon. I am located in Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad. You can contact me in person for better information and better treatment in my clinic or you can contact through lybrate.com. Thank you..
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