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Malaria - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Malaria is serious life threatening disease. Malaria is typically transmitted via a bite of a mosquito, which is known as the Anopheles. Infected Anopheles mosquito are the carrier of Plasmodium parasite that causes Malaria. When this type of mosquito bites any human, the plasmodium parasite is released in the host’s bloodstream.

Once the malaria parasite enters the bloodstream, it wades through the circulatory system and travel to the liver, where they hibernate and mature. Once matured, after several days, the grown up plasmodium parasite enters the bloodstream once more and now it begins to affect the red blood cells. Within 48-72 hours these parasites gets inside the host’s red blood cells and multiply very rapidly, causing the infected cells to burst open.

As the malaria parasites continue to infect the host’s red blood cells, it results in symptoms that occurs in cycles that lasts for three to four days at a time.

This disease is typically found in the warm and humid tropical and subtropical places all across the globe, where the plasmodium parasites can thrive. According to the WHO (World Health Organization) there are estimated 3200,000 people who are at risk of this disease across the world. Mothers infected with plasmodium parasites can also pass this disease to their babies. This is called congenital malaria. Although malaria is primarily transmitted through blood, but it can also be passed over during an organ transplant surgery, used of shared syringes and needles and during blood transfusion therapy.

It’s only your doctor who can diagnose you of this disease. While doing so, the doctor generally review your health history which also include information whether you did any recent travel to a topical zone, or you have anyone infected with this disease in your family or neighborhood.

Next the doctor try to determine if you have an enlarged liver or spleen, and if it’s so, your doctor may advice additional blood tests to confirm the diagnosis.

These blood tests will determine whether you are infected with malaria, what type of malaria you have, if the malaria you are having is resistant to certain type of drugs, have the disease caused anemia and have effected your vital organs and others.

Cerebral malaria, is one of the deadliest type of this illness that causes swelling of the blood vessels inside your brain. This can result in brain damage. Moreover, patients who are infected with drug-resistant plasmodium parasites are also at a risk once infected with this disease. For in both of these cases, malaria may recur in patients affected with these disease, which can cause many other complications later on in their lives.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread through the air or contaminated surfaces
Chills Fever and sweating Pian in the muscles Shivering and sweating Fast heart rate Headache and nausea

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Malaria During Pregnancy - 4 Ways it Can be Treated!

Dr. Anita K Sharma 91% (23 ratings)
MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Malaria During Pregnancy - 4 Ways it Can be Treated!
Malaria is a disease that is caused by the bite of a certain mosquito or protozoan parasite. This can attack the red blood cells and is mainly found in tropical as well as subtropical areas. Until recently, there was little chance of recovering from this ailment. Yet, in today's day and age of great medical advancement, it has become possible to cure a patient suffering from this disease with the help of timely and proper diagnosis. This disease becomes even more complicated and problematic when it affects pregnant women. The ways in which this disease can be treated during pregnancy is as follows: Medication therapy: If woman is found to be suffering from this disease in the second or third trimester of their pregnancy, they may be prescribed artemisinin-based therapy. This therapy can be used only if the pregnant lady is not suffering from any other kind of complications like heart conditions, diabetes and high blood pressure, during the pregnancy. This medicine is short-acting, with artemether or artesunate,which can greatly reduce the number of parasites that may have invaded the red blood cells. Other antimalarials: The treatment of this disease for pregnant women can also be done with the help of other antimalarials, which should typically be prescribed and administered in a clinical setting. These also include quinidine gluconate which can be used in place of the IV quinine in order to bring down the number of parasites in the body. This will lessen the attack on the red blood cells to a great degree. Lumefantrine tablets may also be used in such cases. Also, the doctor will have to first try a test dose to ensure that the patient is not allergic to any of the elements or compounds of these medicines. Monitoring: Pregnant women suffering from malaria will need to get their blood samples tested on a regular basis. The blood smears will usually be tested daily to check whether the body is responding adequately to the treatment. This will also ensure that the doctor knows when to change the dose or the drug involved. Diet and exercise: The patient will be asked to stick to the normal diet and activity levels. Yet, care must be taken to avoid any situation where fatigue might set in, as this can aggravate the condition. One must also increase the intake of water to ensure that the body is always well hydrated. This helps the body in bouncing back to normal as the toxins are continuously flushed out, and the immunity system is better equipped to fight the disease causing parasites.
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मलेरिया के लक्षण

Dt. Radhika 93% (459 ratings)
MBBS, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
मलेरिया के लक्षण
सबसे प्रचलित संक्रामक रोगों में से एक मलेरिया प्लाजमोडियम कुल के प्रोटोजोआ परजीवी के माध्यम से फैलता है. आपको बता दें कि केवल चार प्रकार के प्लाजमोडियम परजीवी ही मानवों को प्रभावित कर पाते हैं. इन चारों में सबसे ज्यादा खतरनाक हैं प्लाजमोडियम फैल्सिपैरम और प्लाजमोडियम विवैक्स माने जाते हैं. इसके अलावा प्लाजमोडियम ओवेल और प्लाजमोडियम मलेरिये नामक परजीवी भी मानव जीवन को प्रभावित करते हैं. इन सारे समूहों को ही मलेरिया परजीवी कहा जाता है. इस सन्दर्भ में मलेरिया परजीवी के वाहक रूप में मादा एनोफ़िलेज मच्छर है. इसके काटने से ही मलेरिया के परजीवी लाल रक्त कोशिकाओं में प्रवेश करके बहुगुणित होते हैं. इस वजह से रक्ताल्पता, साँस फूलना आदि लक्षणों के साथ सर्दी, जुखाम और उल्टी जैसी अनुभूति देखी जा सकती है. 1. ठण्ड लगने के साथ बुखार आना मलेरिया के संक्रमण का सबसे प्रमुख लक्षण है कि अचानक तेज कंपकंपी के साथ ठंड ठंड लगती है और इसके कुछ ही देर बाद बुखार आ जाता है. ये बुखार लगभग चार से छः घंटा तक रहता है और फिर पसीना आकर बुखार उतर जाता है. 2. हर दो-तीन दिन में बुखार आना दुसरे तरह का संक्रमण जिसे पी. फैल्सीपैरम कहते हैं. इसमें भी शुरू-शुरू में कंपकंपी के साथ ठंड लगती है. इसके बाद आपको 36 से 48 घंटे तक बुखार रह सकता है. ये देखा गया है कि ये बुखार हर दो-तीन दिन में फिर से आ जाता है. 3. तीव्र सरदर्द के साथ बुखार मलेरिया के कुछ गंभीर मामले जिसके पीछे पी. फैल्सीपैरम ही जिम्मेदार होता है. ये संक्रमण के 6 से 14 दिन बाद होता है. इसमें तिल्ली और यकृत के आकार में वृद्धि, तेज सर दर्द, रक्त में ग्लूकोज की कमी जिसे अधोमधुरक्तता आदि लक्षण दिखाई पड़ते हैं. हलांकि इसमें मूत्र में हिमोग्लोबिन का उत्सर्जन और किडनी की विफलता भी हो सकती है जिसे आमतौर पर कालापानी बुखार कहते हैं. 4. गंभीर मामलों में मूर्छा युवाओं, बच्चों और गर्भवती महिलाओं को हुए मलेरिया के गंभीर मामलों में काफी कुछ हद तक मूर्छा या मृत्यु की भी संभावना रहती है. कई मामलों में तो मृत्यु कुछ घंटों तक में भी हो सकती है. महामारी वाले क्षेत्रों में मृत्युदर ज्यादा पाई जाती है. 6. हाँथ-पाँव में ऐंठन कई युवाओं या बच्चों में दिमागी मलेरिया की संभावना ज्यादा पाई जाती है. इसमें दिमाग में रक्त की आपूर्ति में कमी आ जाती है. ज्यादा असर होने पर हाथ-पाँव में अजीब सी ऐंठन भी आ जाती है. कुछ बच्चों का तो मानसिक विकास भी रुक सकता है. 7. कुछ अन्य लक्षण * कई बार ऐसा भी देखा जाता है कि शरीर की त्वचा धीरे-धीरे ठंडी पड़ने लगती है. ऐसा बुखार के कारण होता है. * मलेरिया बुखार में अक्सर ही लोगों को उलटी होने या जी मचलने की शिकायत होती है. इसकी वजह से कई बार मन भारी होने लगता है. * इसके लक्षणों में से एक ये भी है कि आपकी आँखें लाल होने लगती हैं. हो सकता है कि आँखों में थोड़ा जलन भी महूसस हो. * इसमें आपको थकान भी महसूस होता है. कई बार इस थकान की वजह से कमजोरी भी लगने लगता है. * कई लोगों में तेज सरदर्द देखा जाता है जो कि धीरे-धीरे बढ़ता है. ये उलटी या थकान की वजह से भी हो सकता है. * कई छोटे बच्चों में डायरिया की शिकायत होती है. चूँकि बच्चों का प्रतिरक्षा तंत्र कमजोर होता है इसलिए इन्हें ज्यादा परेशानी होती है. इन लक्षणों के नजर आने पर आपको तुरंत किसी डॉक्टर को दिखाना चाहिए. ध्यान रहे कि समय से अस्पताल जाने पर आपको जल्द ही आराम मिल जाता है. लेकिन वहीँ यदि आप देर करके अस्पताल में जाते हैं तो आपकी बिमारी के साथ-साथ परेशानी भी बढ़ जाती है.
1 person found this helpful

All About Malaria!

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
All About Malaria!
What is malaria? Malaria is caused by a parasite. It is passed to humans by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. These mosquitoes are found in the tropics and subtropics in almost all countries. Nearly all cases of malaria in the U.S. occur in people who have traveled to other countries. Treatment removes the parasite from the blood. After the parasites enter the body by a mosquito bite, they disappear from the circulating blood within an hour and gather in the liver. After several days, infected red blood cells (RBCs) emerge from the liver and infect other RBCs. What causes malaria? Malaria is caused by when you are bitten by an Anopheles mosquito that is infected by a Plasmodium species parasite. There are several different species of Plasmodium that can infect humans and cause illness. Some cause more serious problems than others do. One type in particular can be life-threatening and may cause liver and kidney failure. Another can remain dormant in the liver for many months or years. Who is at risk for malaria? The risk of getting malaria depends on: Your destination Duration of your travel Place where you will spend the evenings and nights. (Anopheles mosquitoes bite most often during nighttime hours from dusk to dawn.) What are the symptoms of malaria? Early stages of malaria may be similar to the flu. The following are the most common symptoms of malaria. However, each person may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include: Fever Chills Headache Muscle ache Fatigue Nausea Sometimes vomiting, diarrhea, and coughing Symptoms of malaria usually appear from 7 to 30 days after the mosquito bite. However, malaria they can develop as early as 6 to 8 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito or as late as several months after leaving an area where there is malaria. Always consult your health care provider for a diagnosis. How is malaria diagnosed? In addition to a complete medical history and physical exam, diagnostic procedures for malaria may include blood tests to rule out other possible infections. Infected red blood cells from a person's blood sample can also often be seen under the microscope. How is malaria treated? Specific treatment for malaria will be determined by your health care provider based on: Your overall health and medical history Extent of the condition Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies Expectations for the course of the condition Your opinion or preference Malaria can be treated effectively in its early stages, but delaying treatment can have serious consequences. Treatment for malaria will vary depending on the country where you were infected and the severity of the disease. Treatment involves taking medications that kill the parasite in the blood. What are the complications of malaria? Complications of malaria are more common with falciparum malaria, which is the most potentially life-threatening. People with severe falciparum malaria may develop liver and kidney failure, convulsions, and coma. Can malaria be prevented? Malaria can be prevented by the use of antimalarial drugs and protection measures against mosquito bites. Medications When planning to travel to an area where malaria occurs, talk with your health care provider well in advance of your departure. Drugs to prevent malaria can be prescribed, but travelers from different countries may receive different recommendations. Travelers visiting only cities or rural areas where there is no risk of malaria may not need preventive drugs. An exact itinerary is necessary to determine what treatment you need. There are several medications to prevent malaria in travelers. Determining which medication is best depends on several factors, such as your medical history and the amount of time before your scheduled departure. For treatment to be effective, you must take the medication exactly as prescribed. These medications must be started before you arrive at your destination and continued for a specific number of days or weeks after your return, depending on which medication is prescribed. Protection from mosquitoes Be aware that you are still at risk for malaria even with the use of protection. To avoid mosquito bites, the CDC recommends the following: Apply insect repellent to exposed skin. The recommended repellent contains 20 to 35 percent N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET). Wear long-sleeved clothing and long pants if you are outdoors at night. Use a mosquito net over the bed if your bedroom is not air-conditioned or screened. For additional protection, treat the mosquito net with the insecticide permethrin. Spray an insecticide or repellent on clothing, as mosquitoes may bite through thin clothing. Spray pyrethrin or a similar insecticide in your bedroom before going to bed. Note: According to the CDC, vitamin B and ultrasound devices do not prevent mosquito bites. Important, current information about prevention and precautions is available online from the CDC. When should I call my health care provider? If you become ill with a fever during or after travel in a malaria risk area, seek prompt medical attention and tell your health care providers of your recent travel. Don t assume you have the flu or some other disease without completing a lab test to determine if the symptoms are caused by malaria.
1 person found this helpful

Malaria - Signs You Must Not Ignore!

Dr. Vishwas Madhav Thakur 93% (875 ratings)
General Physician, Gurgaon
Malaria - Signs You Must Not Ignore!
Mosquitoes might be tiny creatures, but are responsible for some of the most dreadful diseases, one of them is malaria. Malaria is caused by a parasite that is transmitted through mosquito bites directly or from mother to unborn baby and through blood transfusions. Very widely spread in the Asian and African continents, people travelling here are very cautious of this disease. In areas that are notorious for mosquito infestations, the local people also take preventive measures to ensure mosquito breeding is prevented or at least minimised. Spread of the disease: When a mosquito bites an infected person, it picks up the parasite from the person and when it next bites another person, the infection is also transmitted. From there, the parasite travels to the liver and into the bloodstream before reaching another individual. While all people are prone to getting the infection, elderly people, children, pregnant women, and immunocompromised people are at greater risk. Also, new travellers are at greater risk than local people, who are to some extent immune to mosquito bites. Symptoms: The disease is characterised by moderate to severe shaking chills which are more common in the evening, high fever, profuse sweating, headache, vomiting, and diarrhoea. Quite often, there is about a 4-week gap between the time of the mosquito bite and the onset of symptoms. However, in many people, the disease could lie dormant and symptoms manifest when the immunity is severely lowered. With the gradual progression of the disease, more severe symptoms could evolve as below, and that is when malaria becomes life-threatening. Cerebral malaria: Once the parasites enter the bloodstream, they can block the minor blood vessels in the brain leading to cerebral oedema and even brain damage. It could eventually result in coma. Anaemia: There is large-scale destruction of red blood cells, leading to severe anaemia and weakness and fatigue Breathing problems: Similarly, accumulation of fluid in the lung spaces can lead to pulmonary oedema which causes difficulty breathing and lung failure. Organ failure: Blood flow blockage to other vital organs like kidneys, liver, and spleen are also possible. The spleen may rupture leading to severe haemorrhage. Low blood sugar: The malarial parasite per se and the most commonly used medicine (quinine) are both known to cause low blood sugar levels. This can result in coma and even death. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, treatment usually consists of chloroquine, Mefloquine, quinine sulfate, or hydroxychloroquine. There are various drug-resistant forms of malaria, and they may require combination therapy. Prevention assumes greater significance with travellers going for vaccines prior to visiting these areas. Even the local people should find ways to avoid breeding of mosquitoes, use mosquito repellents and nets to avoid the infection.
6062 people found this helpful

Sugar Intake - 6 Ways You Can Cut It!

Dt. Simer Kaur 89% (936 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, B.Sc Home Science (hons)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ludhiana
Sugar Intake - 6 Ways You Can Cut It!
Sugar (cane sugar) is not only a big industry, but has been a part of many of our traditional foods. Somehow, today sugar has been given a tag of being an 'unhealthy' food. What we don't realize before we demonize a food is the reason behind it being called as 'unhealthy'. Sugar in small required amounts does not cause any health issue. What we don't realize is the amount of sugar that we are unknowingly consuming through foods like packaged cereals, juices, health drinks, pastries, burgers and even the so called 'low fat' packaged foods marketed as healthy foods. Excessive sugar in these forms can definitely become harmful. So, rather than banning sugar from your diet, try to make better food choices. The steps you can take to reduce sugar intake in a week are Stay hydrated and avoid health drinks and packaged juices: Replace so-called health drinks and packaged juices with fresh drinks like lime water, coconut water, herbal teas and home-made fruit drinks like raw mango juice / aam panah and Water. The natural electrolytes will stop any craving for excessive sugar laden foods. Limit caffeine intake: Drinking coffee in the morning causes caffeine kick which spikes the energy levels in the body. As soon as this spike wears off, there is an intense sugar craving in the body. Eat more complex carbohydrates: Increasing consumption of complex carbohydrates such as whole grains and yams helps in stabilizing blood sugar levels in the body. This happens as they are digested slowly and help in controlling sugar cravings. Restrict salt intake: Excessive salt consumption can increase cravings for sugary foods. Eating too much salt can cause the body to balance out the flavors thus leading to increased sugar cravings. Exercise: Exercise causes perspiration in the body which helps in flushing out the salt and making the body alkaline thus reducing sugar cravings. Limit processed food intake: Eating naturally occurring foods such as grains and fruits are healthier than eating packaged foods. Packaged foods generally contain both added sugar and salt which tend to increase sugar cravings and promotes weight gain.
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Popular Questions & Answers

Sir I had malaria pf and pv both, I have recently completed my course of malaria. Have taken 5 injection of malaria, but after finishing my course somewhat gas in my stomach has occurred. Nd when I pee in morning, it completely yellow in colour. What happen to me sir.

Dr. Dipendra Singh 89% (530 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Lucknow
You have liver complaints may be jaundice Start homoeopathy medication for best results Nux vomica 30 Lycopodium 30 4 pills 3 times a day.
1 person found this helpful

I have malaria for past 3 days. Today, my platelet count is found to be at 150000. Do I need to get admitted? I have taken the 3 day medicine for malaria but there is still headache and I am not comfortable with eating proper food. Please suggest what should be done. I am 23 year old male, 84 Kgs, 5'8" height.

Dr. Shriganesh Diliprao Deshmukh 90% (1304 ratings)
International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Drink water fruit juice Take 5 phos Biochemic 4 tabs 2 2hrly in a water for 2 days U wil fine Add Eipatoriun 12c 3tims day for 10days
1 person found this helpful

Any male person have malaria typhoid fever during this time sex is safe or not how much time is better in On day please urgent.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 92% (5416 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
HI Honey... if a male has typhoid or malaria.. then he should concentrate on getting cured of it... instead of having sex... I think it is better to take break for 1 week or 10 days...
1 person found this helpful

What are the symptoms of dengue and malaria and what are the best home remedies for beautiful face.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 92% (5416 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
The symptoms are fever, chills, perspiration, body ache, weakness, headache, etc. And many more. Home remedies for beautiful face. Drinking enough water, Taking healthy food, avoid junk and fried food, Taking multivitamin Smile a lot Don't worry much instead do the things required in time and avoid tension.

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