Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Last Updated: Sep 04, 2019
Change Language

Comprehensive Guide on Malaria With Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Home Remedies

What is Malaria? What are the Symptoms of Malaria? What are the Main Causes of Malaria? What Precaution Should be Taken to Avoid Malaria? How Do You Do the Rapid Diagnostic Test for Malaria? What is the Best Treatment for Malaria? Natural Remedies for Malaria Prevention What Happens When You Have Malaria?

What is Malaria?

Malaria is more of a life-threatening disease and it is typically transmitted if the infected Anopheles mosquito bites the person. These infected mosquitoes have a parasite named as Plasmodium parasite and it gets released with the bite into the bloodstream of the person. When the parasites reach the bloodstream, it directly travels to the liver where it multiplies and matures. After maturing it starts destroying the red blood cells.

After few days, the mature parasites make in entry to the bloodstream and start infecting red blood cells. Within 48 to 72 hours, the parasites present in the red blood cells start multiplying further causing the infected cells to open up. The parasites continue to infect the rest of the cells which will result in symptoms of malaria. Due to the infection, the person starts to feel uneasiness, gets fever with chills and sweating, vomiting etc.

In severe cases the patient may get convulsions and periodic fever chills. Early diagnosis and treatment can cure the patient from malaria.

But if the disease is left untreated then it can be a life-threatening disease. This disease typically infects the people who live in a tropical and subtropical climate where the parasites are expected to live.

The WHO states that there are around 216 million cases of Malaria present in 91 countries. Today there are medicines and vaccination that help in combating this disease.

What are the Symptoms of Malaria?

The symptoms of malaria are expected to develop within 10 days to 1 month after the infection has been initiated. In certain cases, the symptoms may not be evident for several months. There are certain parasites that release this disease that can enter the body and stay dormant for a longer period of time. The common symptoms of malaria include high fever, shivering, sweating, feeling nauseous and anemic, experiencing pain in the muscles and abdomen.

In extreme cases, the patient could experience bloody stools and even coma. The symptoms of malaria are not unique which is why most of the patients might misunderstand it for a regular fever or nauseousness. Especially for women who are pregnant, it is advisable to visit the doctor in case of extreme pain or continuous symptoms as discussed above.

In some cases malaria is associated with diseases like jaundice and thus the patient may have symptoms like pale skin, yellowishness in eyes, loss of appetite, vomiting, loose stools etc.

What are the Main Causes of Malaria?

Malaria is a blood disease that is caused by a female mosquito called Anopheles mosquitoes. In this case, the mosquito has been infected with a parasite called Plasmodium. There are four different kinds of malarial parasites that may impact humans badly: Plasmodium vivax, P. Ovale, P. Malariae, and P. falciparum. P. Falciparumis the most severe and risky form of diseases among the four. When the person comes into contact with this form of malaria, then the person is prone to the risk of death.

If pregnant women are infected with this disease, then there are high chances that this will be easily passed on to the baby at birth itself. This is termed as congenital malaria. Apart from this, Malaria can be transmitted even by blood. If blood is the cause, then it could have been transferred during an organ transplant, the use of needles or syringes that have already been in used by another or a transfusion.

What Precaution Should be Taken to Avoid Malaria?

One major precaution that should be taken to avoid Malaria is to keep the water storage and environment clean around the house. Mosquito bites must be prevented and anything that will cause the gathering of mosquitoes at one place must be cleaned out. Mostly, people fail to properly close the water storage within the house or keep the dishes uncleaned for a long while.

Keeping the house dirty means inviting malaria and other deadly diseases that the parasites might bring. If any symptom is being detected, then it is advisable to visit the doctor before taking out home remedies without understanding.

How Do You Do the Rapid Diagnostic Test for Malaria?

The doctor will be able to diagnose malaria with the help of blood tests. During the appointment, the doctor will initially review the health history to understand if there is any lead. The doctor might also ask if the patient has traveled to any tropical regions recently. A physical examination is further performed. The diagnosis is generally done through the help of a blood test. The general blood test shall examine the presence of the antigens and parasites through microscopy. But Rapid Diagnostic Tests are an alternative to diagnosis based on clinical grounds or microscopy, particularly where good quality microscopy services cannot be readily provided.

The Rapid Diagnostic test will start by taking the blood sample of the patient and mixing it with a lysing agent in a test strip. This will rupture the red blood cells and further releases the parasite protein. This is mixed with labelled antibody and then and the blood and buffer are drawn up the stripped across the boundary lines of the antibody. In the presence of antigen, the antibody-antigen Complex will be trapped and accumulated. The intensity of the test band varies with the amount of antigen present.

What is the Best Treatment for Malaria?

The best treatment for Malaria is to undertake the medications so as to control the fever and the chills associated with the diseases and to provide antibiotics to fight against the parasites. Medications are given depending on the type of parasite that has affected the patient. The antiparasitic medicines are given to kill the parasites. Some of the medicines used are Chloroquine. Atovaquone-proguanil etc. In certain instances, the medications might not be effective considering the fact that the parasites might resist the drugs.

If this happens, then the doctor might prescribe more than one medication or change the list of medications prescribed earlier. The doctor might also suggest a proper diet and a clean environment for the patient stay given the fact that some parasites have the tendency to relapse the entire disease if the patient is left in a place where the mosquitoes can easily enter. There are vaccination to prevent the Malaria.

Natural Remedies for Malaria Prevention

It is always advisable to visit the doctor and understand the intensity of the disease before we take up any home remedies for the prevention of any kind of disease. If at all, there are certain natural remedies that can prevent the patient from the Malaria infection. Cinnamon has antimicrobial properties which will help in dealing with the symptoms of malaria.

There is also turmeric, which is an amazing antioxidant with properties that can flush out harmful toxins from the body. Apart from these two obvious natural remedies, mustard oil and grapefruit can also so help the patient. However, the two former remedies will be highly helpful if the person is starting out on the symptoms of malaria. If there are no improvements, then the person must immediately be taken to the hospital for proper medication.

What Happens When You Have Malaria?

Malaria might cause anemia and eventually jaundice. This is solely because of the destruction of red blood cells. If the person is not immediately treated with relevant medication under professional care, then the infection might become severe and will lead to mental confusion, kidney failure, seizures, coma and even death depending on the intensity of the parasite and its presence.

The symptoms might start showing from 10 days to one month once the person after the person has been infected. After a particular period of hibernation, the parasites will start invading the red blood cells which can lead to sickness.

Popular Questions & Answers

Please help me with the attached xray. I am suffering from typhoid and shortness of breath. I'm not able to climb stairs. A drastic weight loss has happened from 52 kg to 46 kg in nearly 2 months. With low level of haemoglobin.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Shimla
I am sorry to hear about your concern but will be happy to assist you. Symptoms of typhoid fever include headaches, stomach pain, and high fever. On rare occasions, these infections can affect the brain resulting in serious neurological symptoms s...
1 person found this helpful

Hi, Meri mother ka age 50 hai. Unko sugar bhi hai but control me hai sugar. Mujhe last sunday ko fever hua tha. Fir monday ko thik ho gaya. But meri mother ko monday se fever hua. Abhi tak fever kam nehi hua. Bich bich me fever kam ho jata hai aur fir fever ata hai. But breathing problem nehi hai. Body pain bhi nehi hai. Khansi ke sath cough aa raha hai. Doctor covid test nehi diye. Cheast ka digital x ray hua hai. Uska bhi report pura normal hai. Oxy meter me doctor dekhe bolle oxygen 97 hai. Fir fever kiyu nehi chut raha hai. Please help me please.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Shimla
I am sorry to hear about your concern but will be happy to assist you. Most fevers usually go away by themselves after 1 to 3 days. A persistent or recurrent fever may last or keep coming back for up to 14 days. A fever that lasts longer than norm...
1 person found this helpful

Sir mere papa ji ko bukhar hai, 2/4 days se, hamne test karwaya the to typhoid aur crp (q)-19. 3 mg/l nikla hai, abhi unka bukhar kam nhi ho raha hai, medicine khane ke baad 6 hrs tak sehi rehte hai, phir bukhar aajata hai sir, please give me some suggestion sir.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Shimla
I am sorry to hear about your concern but will be happy to assist you. Most fevers usually go away by themselves after 1 to 3 days. A persistent or recurrent fever may last or keep coming back for up to 14 days. A fever that lasts longer than norm...

Popular Health Tips

Hair Loss In Women - Is Hair Transplant An Option?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB, MCh - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Mumbai
Hair Loss In Women - Is Hair Transplant An Option?
Hair loss occurs in 20% of women under 30 years of age and almost 60% of women older than 70. Unlike in males, most of the time hair loss in women is secondary to some underlying conditions. In most of these conditions hair loss is reversible if p...
2682 people found this helpful

HIV - How It Can Impact The Overall Health?

MBBS, DDV, FCPS, APEX, Diplomat American Board of Sexology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
HIV - How It Can Impact The Overall Health?
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a genus of Retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over a period leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), if left neglected and untreated. HIV infected person over the months to ...
3558 people found this helpful

Immunization - Why It Is Important?

MBBS, Diploma In Tropical Medicine Health, MRCP(UK)
Allergist/Immunologist, Hyderabad
Immunization - Why It Is Important?
The invention of biological vaccines has proven beneficial to mankind. Vaccination has helped save millions of lives in the last century and continue to form an effective barrier against a host of debilitating diseases. We may state that vaccines ...
4461 people found this helpful

What You Don't Know About HIV - AIDS

MBBS, PG Diploma (HIV Medicines)
HIV Specialist, Surat
What You Don't Know About HIV - AIDS
HIV is simply the virus that causes AIDS while AIDS is the viral disease caused by HIV. HIV means Human Immunodeficiency Virus while AIDS means Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. The virus that causes AIDS is a special one because it is not just...
1946 people found this helpful

How Does The Polio Virus Spread?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
How Does The Polio Virus Spread?
Poliovirus is a deadly and highly contagious virus that spreads through direct or indirect human to human contact. However, what makes polio really fatal is the fact that it has no cure. What causes polio? The poliovirus is caused by small RNA bas...
Content Details
Written By
Sleep Medicine(Training),MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery,MD - General Medicine
General Physician
Play video
Thrombocytopenia - Know More About It
Hello, This is Dr Savita Rangarajan. We are going to talk about thrombocytopenia today, so what is thrombocytopenia? In fact, first of all, I need to explain to you what is a platelet? In blood we have three kinds of cells, red cells, white cells ...
Play video
Hair Fall
Hi, I am Dr. Monica Bambroo, Dermatologist. Today I will talk about hair fall. Hair fall has emotional overturns. We all are worried about it. And who is not involved with hair fall. We have kids, elder, middle age, the young female, after pregnan...
Play video
Vaccinations - How Do They Help Prevent Diseases?
Hi, I am Dr. Suresh Keshan, Pediatrician. Today I will be talking on vaccinations as a modality of prevention for childhood diseases. I will address the common concerns the parents have regarding the vaccinations. One of the things parents ask, ar...
Play video
Epilepsy
Hello, I am Dr. Namit Gupta, Neurologist. Today I will talk about epilepsy. Ye ek neurological disorder hai. Ye timely treat kia ja skta hai. Iska cause hai brain injury at the early age of childhood. Adults me iska cause hai infection like tuberc...
Play video
Female Pattern Hair Loss
Causes and treatment for Hair Loss Hello friends. My name is Dr. Rohit Batra, and I am from Derma World Skin and Hair Clinics in Rajouri Garden and New Rajendra Nagar. Today we are going to talk about female pattern hair loss. Many females of any ...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice