Malaria is serious life threatening disease. Malaria is typically transmitted via a bite of a mosquito, which is known as the Anopheles. Infected Anopheles mosquito are the carrier of Plasmodium parasite that causes Malaria. When this type of mosquito bites any human, the plasmodium parasite is released in the host’s bloodstream.
Once the malaria parasite enters the bloodstream, it wades through the circulatory system and travel to the liver, where they hibernate and mature. Once matured, after several days, the grown up plasmodium parasite enters the bloodstream once more and now it begins to affect the red blood cells. Within 48-72 hours these parasites gets inside the host’s red blood cells and multiply very rapidly, causing the infected cells to burst open.
As the malaria parasites continue to infect the host’s red blood cells, it results in symptoms that occurs in cycles that lasts for three to four days at a time.
This disease is typically found in the warm and humid tropical and subtropical places all across the globe, where the plasmodium parasites can thrive. According to the WHO (World Health Organization) there are estimated 3200,000 people who are at risk of this disease across the world. Mothers infected with plasmodium parasites can also pass this disease to their babies. This is called congenital malaria. Although malaria is primarily transmitted through blood, but it can also be passed over during an organ transplant surgery, used of shared syringes and needles and during blood transfusion therapy.
It’s only your doctor who can diagnose you of this disease. While doing so, the doctor generally review your health history which also include information whether you did any recent travel to a topical zone, or you have anyone infected with this disease in your family or neighborhood.
Next the doctor try to determine if you have an enlarged liver or spleen, and if it’s so, your doctor may advice additional blood tests to confirm the diagnosis.
These blood tests will determine whether you are infected with malaria, what type of malaria you have, if the malaria you are having is resistant to certain type of drugs, have the disease caused anemia and have effected your vital organs and others.
Cerebral malaria, is one of the deadliest type of this illness that causes swelling of the blood vessels inside your brain. This can result in brain damage. Moreover, patients who are infected with drug-resistant plasmodium parasites are also at a risk once infected with this disease. For in both of these cases, malaria may recur in patients affected with these disease, which can cause many other complications later on in their lives.