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Overview

Dengue - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Dengue?

Dengue fever is a debilitating and painful viral disease spread by mosquitoes. There are four dengue viruses which may transmit the disease. Most cases of dengue are found in tropical parts or countries in the world. An Aedes mosquito that has been infected by a dengue virus can further transmit it. The mosquito gets infected after biting another person infected with the dengue virus. Direct transmission from one person to another doesn’t take place.

Diagnosis and Treatment :

Diagnosis

Blood tests for checking traces of the virus or the antibodies produced in response to it are available. Consult a doctor if you get unwell after visiting a tropical country.

Treatment

Dengue doesn’t have any specific medicine for treating it. If you suspect dengue fever, then take pain killers having acetaminophen. Don’t take aspirin, as it may make the bleeding worse. Rest along with adequate fluid intake is of utmost importance. Consult your doctor if you don’t feel better even after the fever reduces.

Prevention

No vaccine has been invented so far for preventing dengue. The best prevention for dengue fever is to avoid getting bitten by mosquitoes, especially when you’re travelling to or living in the tropics. Protection from mosquitoes and attempts to lower the mosquito populace can help in prevention.

Here are a few tips for protecting yourself:

  • Buy and use an effective mosquito repellent, even when you’re indoors.
  • When you’re outdoors, minimize skin exposure. Wear shirts with long sleeves and tuck your pants into socks.
  • If possible, then increase the use of air conditioning.
  • Avoid residential areas that are densely populated.
  • Sleep inside a mosquito net.
  • Ensure that the windows don’t have any holes and the doors and partitions are properly sealed when shut.
  • If you show any of the symptoms for dengue, consult your doctor.

In bringing the mosquito population down, remove or block places which might be breeding grounds for mosquitoes. These may be places where rain water accumulates such as cans, old tires and flower pots. Keep changing the water in coolers and bird baths. If a member of your family gets dengue fever, take extra measures to protect others in the house including yourself from mosquito bites. The infected person in the house may get bitten and that mosquito might transmit the virus to others in the house.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
High fever that has a sudden onset Severe muscular and joint pain Fever followed by appearance of a skin rash Mild bleeding from the nose and gums

Popular Health Tips

Cyclone Titli - Ways To Manage Diseases It Can Cause!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
Cyclone Titli - Ways To Manage Diseases It Can Cause!

Cyclone 'Titli', which has has been categorised as a 'very severe cyclonic storm', hit the coastal Odisha region at a daunting speed of 140-150 kmph. The cyclone has already caused a lot of destruction in the region and the government has deployed NDRF teams to carry out rescue operations.

Titli, which means 'Butterfly' in English, has uprooted many trees and electricity poles but fortunately has yet not caused any casualties. India Meteorological Department has said that the cyclone will weaken gradually with the decreasing wind speed, but the aftermath of this cyclone can be very unpleasant for the people living near the coastal areas.

Where Titli has created a havoc in India, Hurricane Michael, a category 4 monster storm, has reached Florida. Over half-a-million have been either ordered or advised to evacuate as it inched closer to Panama City. It has already caused 14 deaths in Central America and is still going strong.

Such cyclonic storms and hurricanes not only disturb the normal life during their stay in the region but also lead to spread of various diseases.

Diseases which can spread:

Apart from the risk of serious mental trauma during the cyclonic period, the possibility of spread of water and vector-borne diseases also increase.

Following are the waterborne diseases it can cause:

  • Cholera
  • Hepatitis A
  • Amoebiasis
  • Typhoid fever
  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • Cyclosporiasis
  • Giardiasis
  • Microsporidiosis
  • Naegleriasis
  • Botulism
  • Campylobacteriosis
  • Dysentery
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

Vector-borne diseases that can spread:

  • Chikungunya
  • Dengue fever
  • Lymphatic filariasis
  • Rift Valley fever
  • Yellow fever
  • Zika
  • Malaria
  • Lymphatic filariasis
  • Japanese encephalitis
  • Lymphatic filariasis
  • West Nile fever

Ways to prevent Vector-borne diseases:

Once the tragedy ends, people should ignore being in vegetated areas to avoid encounter with insects, like mosquitoes. People should wear protective clothing and avoid using perfumes which may attract mosquitos.

Pregnant women should also try not to go outside their houses during peak times of mosquito activity.

Here are some more preventive measures for vector-borne diseases:

  • Apply insect repellents to exposed by body parts as well as clothing
  • Do not apply it to wounds or irritated skin
  • Take a bath or wash your body after returning home
  • Wash the clothes after every single time you go out
  • Sleep in netted or screened area

Measures to prevent waterborne diseases:

Waterborne diseases transmit when contaminated water is used for purposes including drinking, washing uncooked vegetables, brushing teeth and washing dentures or contact lenses. Here are the other ways to prevent waterborne diseases:

  • Drink purified water only
  • If your area has sanitation problems, avoid coming in contact with outside water.
  • Do not use untreated water from a spring, river, lake or pond
  • Do not always consider boiled water safe for consumption as it does not contain chlorine to avoid recontamination
  • Avoid using ice cubes
  • Avoid eating outside
  • Maintain good hygiene by using soaps and sanitisers

The cyclonic storm will pass off soon but will create several issues that would require proper attention to be prevented. So, after surviving it, you must follow the above-mentioned measures to stay safe and healthy.

What Is Dengue Fever?

BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
What Is Dengue Fever?

What Is Dengue Fever?

There The dengue virus is spread by mosquitos, mainly the Aedes Aegypti mosquito. These mosquitos are known to bite early in the morning and late in the night. Infections can be acquired by a single bite!

Medical records have shown that the Dengue fever has been around since as early as 1779. However, details on the transmission and the cause of the diseases came to light only in the 20th century.There The dengue virus is spread by mosquitos, mainly the Aedes Aegypti mosquito. These mosquitos are known to bite early in the morning and late in the night. Infections can be acquired by a single bite!

Medical records have shown that the Dengue fever has been around since as early as 1779. However, details on the transmission and the cause of the diseases came to light only in the 20th century.

Types:

Dengue is spread by several species of mosquito of the Aedes type, principally A. aegypti. The virus has five different types; infection with one type usually gives lifelong immunity to that type, but only short-term immunity to the others.

Causes:

Dengue fever is caused by any one of four types of dengue viruses spread by mosquitoes that thrive in and near human lodgings. When a mosquito bites a person infected with a dengue virus, the virus enters the mosquito. When the infected mosquito then bites another person, the virus enters that person's bloodstream.

After you've recovered from dengue fever, you have immunity to the type of virus that infected you ó but not to the other three dengue fever virus types. The risk of developing severe dengue fever, also known as dengue hemorrhagic fever, actually increases if you're infected a second, third or fourth time.

Symptoms:

Symptoms, which usually begin four to six days after infection and last for up to 10 days, may include

-Sudden, high fever
-Severe headaches
-Pain behind the eyes
-Severe joint and muscle pain
-Fatigue
-Nausea
-Vomiting
-Skin rash, which appears two to five days after the onset of fever
-Mild bleeding (such a nose bleed, bleeding gums, or easy bruising)

Sometimes, symptoms are mild and can be mistaken for those of the flu or another viral infection. Younger children and people who have never had the infection before tend to have milder cases than older children and adults. However, serious problems can develop. These include dengue hemorrhagic fever, a rare complication characterized by high fever, damage to lymph and blood vessels, bleeding from the nose and gums, enlargement of the liver, and failure of the circulatory system. The symptoms may progress to massive bleeding, shock, and death. This is called dengue shock syndrome (DSS).
People with weakened immune systems as well as those with a second or subsequent dengue infection are believed to be at greater risk for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Diagnosis:

Doctors can diagnose dengue infection with a blood test to check for the virus or antibodies to it. If you become sick after traveling to a tropical area, let your doctor know. This will allow your doctor to evaluate the possibility that your symptoms were caused by a dengue infection.

Role of Homeopathy in Dengue Fever:

The Homeopathic medicines are time tested and have been in use for almost two centuries. They have been used all over the world and have shown very good results. The reason for this almost miraculous result is that Homeopathy does not try to tame individual viruses. It just strengthens the bodyís immunity and allows it to form antibodies against the offending antigens. These offending antigens may be viruses or bacteria; it does not matter. Nature has provided a very robust immune system to humans. This immune system is capable of dealing with such threats. At times, it just needs a little gentle support and this is all that is needed to help the immunity do the job it is meant for.

Diet and non diet:

PAtient suffering from dengue needs to have sufficient intake of nutrients and healthy diet to overcome the loss caused by the dengue. Diet for dengue should include the following: Easily digestible food e.g boiled food, green vegetables, banana, apple, soups, porridge, and herbal tea

What Is Dengue Fever?

BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Homeopath, Hyderabad
What Is Dengue Fever?

What Is Dengue Fever?

There The dengue virus is spread by mosquitos, mainly the Aedes Aegypti mosquito. These mosquitos are known to bite early in the morning and late in the night. Infections can be acquired by a single bite!

Medical records have shown that the Dengue fever has been around since as early as 1779. However, details on the transmission and the cause of the diseases came to light only in the 20th century.There The dengue virus is spread by mosquitos, mainly the Aedes Aegypti mosquito. These mosquitos are known to bite early in the morning and late in the night. Infections can be acquired by a single bite!

Medical records have shown that the Dengue fever has been around since as early as 1779. However, details on the transmission and the cause of the diseases came to light only in the 20th century.

Types:

Dengue is spread by several species of mosquito of the Aedes type, principally A. aegypti. The virus has five different types; infection with one type usually gives lifelong immunity to that type, but only short-term immunity to the others.

Causes:

Dengue fever is caused by any one of four types of dengue viruses spread by mosquitoes that thrive in and near human lodgings. When a mosquito bites a person infected with a dengue virus, the virus enters the mosquito. When the infected mosquito then bites another person, the virus enters that person's bloodstream.

After you've recovered from dengue fever, you have immunity to the type of virus that infected you ó but not to the other three dengue fever virus types. The risk of developing severe dengue fever, also known as dengue hemorrhagic fever, actually increases if you're infected a second, third or fourth time.

Symptoms:

Symptoms, which usually begin four to six days after infection and last for up to 10 days, may include

-Sudden, high fever
-Severe headaches
-Pain behind the eyes
-Severe joint and muscle pain
-Fatigue
-Nausea
-Vomiting
-Skin rash, which appears two to five days after the onset of fever
-Mild bleeding (such a nose bleed, bleeding gums, or easy bruising)

Sometimes, symptoms are mild and can be mistaken for those of the flu or another viral infection. Younger children and people who have never had the infection before tend to have milder cases than older children and adults. However, serious problems can develop. These include dengue hemorrhagic fever, a rare complication characterized by high fever, damage to lymph and blood vessels, bleeding from the nose and gums, enlargement of the liver, and failure of the circulatory system. The symptoms may progress to massive bleeding, shock, and death. This is called dengue shock syndrome (DSS).
People with weakened immune systems as well as those with a second or subsequent dengue infection are believed to be at greater risk for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Diagnosis:

Doctors can diagnose dengue infection with a blood test to check for the virus or antibodies to it. If you become sick after traveling to a tropical area, let your doctor know. This will allow your doctor to evaluate the possibility that your symptoms were caused by a dengue infection.

Role of Homeopathy in Dengue Fever:

The Homeopathic medicines are time tested and have been in use for almost two centuries. They have been used all over the world and have shown very good results. The reason for this almost miraculous result is that Homeopathy does not try to tame individual viruses. It just strengthens the bodyís immunity and allows it to form antibodies against the offending antigens. These offending antigens may be viruses or bacteria; it does not matter. Nature has provided a very robust immune system to humans. This immune system is capable of dealing with such threats. At times, it just needs a little gentle support and this is all that is needed to help the immunity do the job it is meant for.

Diet and non diet:

PAtient suffering from dengue needs to have sufficient intake of nutrients and healthy diet to overcome the loss caused by the dengue. Diet for dengue should include the following: Easily digestible food e.g boiled food, green vegetables, banana, apple, soups, porridge, and herbal tea

2 people found this helpful

What Is Dengue Fever?

Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
What Is Dengue Fever?

What Is Dengue Fever?

There The dengue virus is spread by mosquitos, mainly the Aedes Aegypti mosquito. These mosquitos are known to bite early in the morning and late in the night. Infections can be acquired by a single bite!

Medical records have shown that the Dengue fever has been around since as early as 1779. However, details on the transmission and the cause of the diseases came to light only in the 20th century.There The dengue virus is spread by mosquitos, mainly the Aedes Aegypti mosquito. These mosquitos are known to bite early in the morning and late in the night. Infections can be acquired by a single bite!

Medical records have shown that the Dengue fever has been around since as early as 1779. However, details on the transmission and the cause of the diseases came to light only in the 20th century.

Types:

Dengue is spread by several species of mosquito of the Aedes type, principally A. aegypti. The virus has five different types; infection with one type usually gives lifelong immunity to that type, but only short-term immunity to the others.

Causes:

Dengue fever is caused by any one of four types of dengue viruses spread by mosquitoes that thrive in and near human lodgings. When a mosquito bites a person infected with a dengue virus, the virus enters the mosquito. When the infected mosquito then bites another person, the virus enters that person's bloodstream.

After you've recovered from dengue fever, you have immunity to the type of virus that infected you ó but not to the other three dengue fever virus types. The risk of developing severe dengue fever, also known as dengue hemorrhagic fever, actually increases if you're infected a second, third or fourth time.

Symptoms:

Symptoms, which usually begin four to six days after infection and last for up to 10 days, may include

-Sudden, high fever
-Severe headaches
-Pain behind the eyes
-Severe joint and muscle pain
-Fatigue
-Nausea
-Vomiting
-Skin rash, which appears two to five days after the onset of fever
-Mild bleeding (such a nose bleed, bleeding gums, or easy bruising)

Sometimes, symptoms are mild and can be mistaken for those of the flu or another viral infection. Younger children and people who have never had the infection before tend to have milder cases than older children and adults. However, serious problems can develop. These include dengue hemorrhagic fever, a rare complication characterized by high fever, damage to lymph and blood vessels, bleeding from the nose and gums, enlargement of the liver, and failure of the circulatory system. The symptoms may progress to massive bleeding, shock, and death. This is called dengue shock syndrome (DSS).
People with weakened immune systems as well as those with a second or subsequent dengue infection are believed to be at greater risk for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Diagnosis:

Doctors can diagnose dengue infection with a blood test to check for the virus or antibodies to it. If you become sick after traveling to a tropical area, let your doctor know. This will allow your doctor to evaluate the possibility that your symptoms were caused by a dengue infection.

Role of Homeopathy in Dengue Fever:

The Homeopathic medicines are time tested and have been in use for almost two centuries. They have been used all over the world and have shown very good results. The reason for this almost miraculous result is that Homeopathy does not try to tame individual viruses. It just strengthens the bodyís immunity and allows it to form antibodies against the offending antigens. These offending antigens may be viruses or bacteria; it does not matter. Nature has provided a very robust immune system to humans. This immune system is capable of dealing with such threats. At times, it just needs a little gentle support and this is all that is needed to help the immunity do the job it is meant for.

Diet and non diet:

PAtient suffering from dengue needs to have sufficient intake of nutrients and healthy diet to overcome the loss caused by the dengue. Diet for dengue should include the following: Easily digestible food e.g boiled food, green vegetables, banana, apple, soups, porridge, and herbal tea

How Can Dengue Be Prevented?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - General Medicine
General Physician, Greater Noida
How Can Dengue Be Prevented?

Dengue is caused from the bite of the ‘Aedes Aegypti’ mosquito. This mosquito has been known to breed and survive in tropical and subtropical regions. A waterborne disease, it causes extreme discomfort and pain, even death is a possibility. Statistics suggest that each year, the number of people afflicted with dengue is around 390 million. Out of this huge number, 96 million tend to develop severe illnesses wherein hospitalization becomes mandatory.

Causes

  1. It is primarily caused due to the bite of the ‘Aedes aegypti’ mosquito.

  2. A mosquito becomes infected with dengue if it bites an already infected person. The disease can be transmitted to any healthy person that this infected mosquito bites next.

  3. Living near a stagnant water body or an open drain makes you the most vulnerable to this disease. Letting water accumulate in open containers or spaces over a period of time makes it the perfect breeding ground for all types of mosquitoes.

Symptoms

On being infected, the symptoms generally last for around 10 days. Some of the common symptoms are:

  1. Excruciating pain behind the eyes

  2. Severe headache

  3. Sudden high fever with chills

  4. Vomiting

  5. Fatigue

  6. Skin rash which generally appears two to five days after you get infected

  7. Nose bleeding, easy bruising and bleeding gums

  8. Severe muscle and joint pain

It should be noted that these symptoms can be easily mistaken for high fever or any other viral infection. Therefore, getting tested as soon as these symptoms start appearing is very important.

If the dengue is left untreated or not treated on time, it can result in dengue haemorrhagic fever. This condition causes nose bleeding (due to damage to the blood vessels), high fever and failure of the circulatory system as well as the enlargement of liver.

Ways to prevent dengue include

  1. Avoid storing water in containers

  2. Wear clothes that cover your whole body, if possible

  3. Maintain hygiene and clean your immediate surrounding frequently

  4. Use mosquito repellent

  5. Use a mosquito net around your bed

In worst case scenarios, death is a possibility as a result of dengue haemorrhagic fever or dengue shock. Many countries consider dengue to be an epidemic. You need to be on complete bed rest while drinking adequate amounts of fluids if you need to recuperate from dengue.

Treatment

There is no specific antiviral medication that is available for the treatment of dengue. In general, Acetaminophen (paracetamol) is usually recommended for treating fever and pain associated with dengue. Medications such as Aspirin, other salicylates, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) must be avoided.

5799 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My grand ma is suffering from dengue, her platelets was 451 when initial test was done, now the platelets are 260, she is undergoing treatment for it now is the third day, do we need to admit her in hospital or need to complete the dose, please suggest.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, MRCP (UK), DM - Clinical Haematology
Hematologist, Kolkata
You do not need to admit her right now. However, ​you MUST consult a physician and get her examined asap. Repeat the platelet counts on alternate days for the next week. Also watch out for skin rash, headache, chest pain, pain abdomen ad any evidence of bleeding (skin, gums, stool, etc). In case you want to share her reports and get an online opinion, you can go to my profile and book an online consult and I will be happy to help.
1 person found this helpful

Doctor, three days back I developed sore throat. Two days back had fever (100.5) took only one paracetamol and after that body temperature till today (3rd day) is Normal .but I am having joint pains ,heavy legs and very mild cramp .i went MD doc. He did CBP. He told everything is normal. Platelets are adequate, lymphocytes 36% .can this be dengue? I don’t have fever .i have only joint pain in left elbow and legs are heavy.

MBBS, Craniosacral Balancing, Quantum Touch, Visceral manipulation
Pain Management Specialist, Panchkula
It's a viral type of infection. It may take 5 to 7 days for recovery. No need to worry. You should have more of liquid diet like milk, fresh fruit juice, coconut water etc. Wishing you a healthy life.
1 person found this helpful

Treatment of dengue. What should we do in case of continuously decrease in the platelets cells. How many times glucose is necessary?

MBBS, MD
Endocrinologist, Delhi
There is no specific treatent for dengue. You should take plenty of liquids, complete rest, normal diet, fruits and tablet paracetamol if fever increases. Pletelet count falls in this fever for which you have to repeat it as per advice of your treating doctor. Blood transfusionis adised if it falls below 20000/cu. Mm.It is ery important to follow advise of your treating doctor strictly.
2 people found this helpful

I think I am depression. I am facing this problem after dengue fever. Please suggest me to come out of depression naturally.

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Natural ways means healthy diet, good sleep and adequate food and physical activity and wait for time. Quick recovery means a course of antidepressants, you have to choose. All the best.
4 people found this helpful

Hello Dr. Mere son ko 3 years old weight 16.3 kg ko viral infection hua h n test me dengue primary stage h platelets 2.35 lac h hemoglobin 10 h TLC count 5000 h .what to do please help. Not admitted doing rest at home. Local Dr. suggested give water n prescribed jiovit multivitamin. P-250, Alex junior, mecbery, pecef 100, folvite.

Diploma in Child Health (DCH), F.I.A.M.S. (Pediatrics)
Pediatrician, Muzaffarnagar
डेन्गु बुखार से घबराने की आवश्यकता नही है । आराम व पानी की अधिकतम प्रयोग उचित है। अगर बुखार है तो पी 250 व विटामिन देते रहे ।एन्टीबायोटिक की कोई लाभ नही है । शेष डाक्टर के अनुसार करे।
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Dengue?

Diagnosis and Treatment :

Prevention

Play video
Dengue Fever
Symptoms and prevention of Dengue fever
Play video
Dengue Fever
Symptoms and Treatment for Dengue Fever
Play video
Dengue Fever
My name is Dr Tarun Jhamb and I m an MD Medince. I am practising for last fifteen years. I am connected to Lybrate. I m also practising at Columbia Asia Hospital and we will discuss the health topic one of which is Dengue Fever. We know for the next three months, there is a possibility of Dengue Fever in the rainy season. Dengue is a mosquito borne viral fever and it just spreads from the bite of the mosquito and spreads person to person. Most of the times it is self-treatable and it s a preventable disease but there are a few cases which have gone into complications which are known as Dengue Shock Syndrome or Dengue haemorrhaging Fever.

Common symptoms of the Dengue Fever is the high-grade fever, 104- 105 temperature with body ache, joint pain, muscle pain, rashes all over the body, and severe weakness. A person becomes very dilapidated within one or two days and feels very uncomfortable and he becomes sick. It is a treatable disease. Lots of liquids and electrolytes are required.

What are the dos and don ts for this disease?

Do is, we have to take care of not getting stagnant water in coolers or in and around the home. We should take care of using the mosquito repellent, material or the jellies. We can use the net to avoid the mosquito bite. We should intake a lot of water and electrolyte supplements. We should take bed rest for few days. We need to see the doctor as soon as we see the symptoms of dengue fever.

Things we don t have to do, do not use disprin or the voveran tablet during the fever because these are the blood thinners. Do not avoid or delay the treatment. As we see the symptoms like bleeding from anywhere on the sight and black stool, continuous vomiting and severe weakness and continuous fever which leads to fainting.

These are the serious symptoms which should be immediately taken care of and we should seek the help of the doctor. It is a preventable disease. We should take care of the blood testing where we find the dengue test at initial four to five days, likely to be positive and antibody test after four to five days, is likely to be positive. Platelets are falling after four to five days and remain for the next three to four days and then it automatically starts. Some people require hospitalization as well as the platelet transfusion. The upper limit of the platelet is up to ten to fifteen thousand where we can prevent or avoid the platelet transfusion. But if it is going down lower or there is any sign of bleeding up to forty thousand then we have to give the platelet transfusion request.

If you need any of my help, I am available at Lybrate. My home clinic is Naman Medicare at Gurgaon, Sector IV.

Thank you
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice