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Dengue - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Dengue?

Dengue fever is a debilitating and painful viral disease spread by mosquitoes. There are four dengue viruses which may transmit the disease. Most cases of dengue are found in tropical parts or countries in the world. An Aedes mosquito that has been infected by a dengue virus can further transmit it. The mosquito gets infected after biting another person infected with the dengue virus. Direct transmission from one person to another doesn’t take place.

Diagnosis and Treatment :

Diagnosis

Blood tests for checking traces of the virus or the antibodies produced in response to it are available. Consult a doctor if you get unwell after visiting a tropical country.

Treatment

Dengue doesn’t have any specific medicine for treating it. If you suspect dengue fever, then take pain killers having acetaminophen. Don’t take aspirin, as it may make the bleeding worse. Rest along with adequate fluid intake is of utmost importance. Consult your doctor if you don’t feel better even after the fever reduces.

Prevention

No vaccine has been invented so far for preventing dengue. The best prevention for dengue fever is to avoid getting bitten by mosquitoes, especially when you’re travelling to or living in the tropics. Protection from mosquitoes and attempts to lower the mosquito populace can help in prevention.

Here are a few tips for protecting yourself:

  • Buy and use an effective mosquito repellent, even when you’re indoors.
  • When you’re outdoors, minimize skin exposure. Wear shirts with long sleeves and tuck your pants into socks.
  • If possible, then increase the use of air conditioning.
  • Avoid residential areas that are densely populated.
  • Sleep inside a mosquito net.
  • Ensure that the windows don’t have any holes and the doors and partitions are properly sealed when shut.
  • If you show any of the symptoms for dengue, consult your doctor.

In bringing the mosquito population down, remove or block places which might be breeding grounds for mosquitoes. These may be places where rain water accumulates such as cans, old tires and flower pots. Keep changing the water in coolers and bird baths. If a member of your family gets dengue fever, take extra measures to protect others in the house including yourself from mosquito bites. The infected person in the house may get bitten and that mosquito might transmit the virus to others in the house.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
High fever that has a sudden onset Severe muscular and joint pain Fever followed by appearance of a skin rash Mild bleeding from the nose and gums

Popular Health Tips

डेंगू बुखार - Dengu Bukhar!

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डेंगू बुखार के कहर से अक्सर कई लोगों की जान तक चली जाती है. डेंगू बुखार, मादा एडीज इजिप्टी मच्छर के काटने से होता है. इन मच्छरों की खासियत इनके शरीर पर चीते जैसी धारियां होती हैं. इसके अलावा ये मच्छर दिन में, खासकर सुबह में काटते हैं. डेंगू बरसात ...
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Prevention Of Dengue!

BHMS
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Use mosquito nets and avoid stagnant water near the premises, and use homeopathic preventive medicines, eupatorium perforatum for dengue.
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What Is Dengue Fever?

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Popular Questions & Answers

My grand ma is suffering from dengue, her platelets was 451 when initial test was done, now the platelets are 260, she is undergoing treatment for it now is the third day, do we need to admit her in hospital or need to complete the dose, please suggest.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, MRCP (UK), DM - Clinical Haematology
Hematologist, Kolkata
You do not need to admit her right now. However, ​you MUST consult a physician and get her examined asap. Repeat the platelet counts on alternate days for the next week. Also watch out for skin rash, headache, chest pain, pain abdomen ad any evide...
1 person found this helpful

Doctor, three days back I developed sore throat. Two days back had fever (100.5) took only one paracetamol and after that body temperature till today (3rd day) is Normal .but I am having joint pains ,heavy legs and very mild cramp .i went MD doc. He did CBP. He told everything is normal. Platelets are adequate, lymphocytes 36% .can this be dengue? I don’t have fever .i have only joint pain in left elbow and legs are heavy.

MBBS, Craniosacral Balancing, Quantum Touch, Visceral manipulation
Pain Management Specialist, Panchkula
It's a viral type of infection. It may take 5 to 7 days for recovery. No need to worry. You should have more of liquid diet like milk, fresh fruit juice, coconut water etc. Wishing you a healthy life.
2 people found this helpful

Treatment of dengue. What should we do in case of continuously decrease in the platelets cells. How many times glucose is necessary?

MBBS, MD
Endocrinologist, Delhi
There is no specific treatent for dengue. You should take plenty of liquids, complete rest, normal diet, fruits and tablet paracetamol if fever increases. Pletelet count falls in this fever for which you have to repeat it as per advice of your tre...
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I think I am depression. I am facing this problem after dengue fever. Please suggest me to come out of depression naturally.

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Natural ways means healthy diet, good sleep and adequate food and physical activity and wait for time. Quick recovery means a course of antidepressants, you have to choose. All the best.
4 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Dengue?

Diagnosis and Treatment :

Prevention

Play video
Dengue
Hello friends, My name is Dr Subhendu Gupta. Today I want to share some thoughts about dengue because we are seeing a lot of cases of dengue in our day to day practice in our OPD and in in-patient. Dendue is although a viral illness but it can cau...
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Dengue Fever
Symptoms and prevention of Dengue fever
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Dengue Fever
Symptoms and Treatment for Dengue Fever
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Dengue Fever
My name is Dr Tarun Jhamb and I m an MD Medince. I am practising for last fifteen years. I am connected to Lybrate. I m also practising at Columbia Asia Hospital and we will discuss the health topic one of which is Dengue Fever. We know for the ne...
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