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Dengue - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Dengue?

Dengue fever is a debilitating and painful viral disease spread by mosquitoes. There are four dengue viruses which may transmit the disease. Most cases of dengue are found in tropical parts or countries in the world. An Aedes mosquito that has been infected by a dengue virus can further transmit it. The mosquito gets infected after biting another person infected with the dengue virus. Direct transmission from one person to another doesn’t take place.

Diagnosis and Treatment :


Blood tests for checking traces of the virus or the antibodies produced in response to it are available. Consult a doctor if you get unwell after visiting a tropical country.


Dengue doesn’t have any specific medicine for treating it. If you suspect dengue fever, then take pain killers having acetaminophen. Don’t take aspirin, as it may make the bleeding worse. Rest along with adequate fluid intake is of utmost importance. Consult your doctor if you don’t feel better even after the fever reduces.


No vaccine has been invented so far for preventing dengue. The best prevention for dengue fever is to avoid getting bitten by mosquitoes, especially when you’re travelling to or living in the tropics. Protection from mosquitoes and attempts to lower the mosquito populace can help in prevention.

Here are a few tips for protecting yourself:

  • Buy and use an effective mosquito repellent, even when you’re indoors.
  • When you’re outdoors, minimize skin exposure. Wear shirts with long sleeves and tuck your pants into socks.
  • If possible, then increase the use of air conditioning.
  • Avoid residential areas that are densely populated.
  • Sleep inside a mosquito net.
  • Ensure that the windows don’t have any holes and the doors and partitions are properly sealed when shut.
  • If you show any of the symptoms for dengue, consult your doctor.

In bringing the mosquito population down, remove or block places which might be breeding grounds for mosquitoes. These may be places where rain water accumulates such as cans, old tires and flower pots. Keep changing the water in coolers and bird baths. If a member of your family gets dengue fever, take extra measures to protect others in the house including yourself from mosquito bites. The infected person in the house may get bitten and that mosquito might transmit the virus to others in the house.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
High fever that has a sudden onset Severe muscular and joint pain Fever followed by appearance of a skin rash Mild bleeding from the nose and gums

Popular Health Tips

Things To Keep in Mind During Monsoon!

BHMS, CFN, MBA (Healthcare), Certified course in Herbal(Ayurvedic) medicine
Homeopath, Solan

Indoor Plants looks beautiful, but they are potential breeding sites for the Aedes Mosquito which spread dengue. Change their water regularly to prevent it. Also its rainy season so make sure there are water store nearby your home they are the breeding sites of mosquitos.

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Enjoy Monsoon Carefully

Homeopath, Ghaziabad
Enjoy Monsoon Carefully

Monsoon gives happiness to everyone after months of scorching heat. It also brings many diseases because of sudden change of temperature, contamination of food and water due to breeding bacteria, insects etc 

  •  Cold and cough
  • diarrhoea 
  •  typhoid
  •  dengue 
  •  malaria etc.

General care to be taken during monsoon 

• avoid taking outside food 
• have filtered water and fresh food
• avoid collected water in parks, streets etc 
• dry your feet properly if get wet
• avoid overcrowded areas
• keep surroundings clean and dry to avoid breeding of mosquitoes, bacteria etc 
• use mosquito repellents
• special care to be taken by those who suffer from allergies, old people and children

Monsoons can be enjoyed in a healthier way by taking the above precautions.Do not ignore symptoms like fever, cold, cough, diarrhoea etc. 


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An Effective Way To Prevent And Cure Dengue & Chikungunya With Homoeopathy!

Homeopath, Noida
An Effective Way To Prevent And Cure Dengue & Chikungunya With Homoeopathy!

Many surveys have proved that homeopathic medicines are extremely effective in treating all these cases of viral fever related to Dengue and Chikungunya, thereby help in restoring the health of the patient. Let us see one by one how homeopathy can help in the prevention and cure of both:

Dengue is a mosquito-borne infectious disease, which causes flu-like symptoms. The disease is caused by 4 different viruses and is spread by the Aedes species of mosquitos. Dengue affects your blood cells, which in turn results in a sudden drop in the platelet count. Ideally, the platelet count ranges from 1.5-4 lacs, but in people affected by dengue virus, the platelet count goes down to as low as 20,000-40,000. This condition can be fatal. The onset on dengue is through fever. Dengue is one of the diseases that is transmitted through parasites like mosquitoes. Often it tends to occur in most of the tropical countries.

Symptoms of dengue can vary from mild to severe-

Dengue symptoms usually develop 4-7 days after the mosquito bite. So many times the person affected by the virus does not realize that he/she has already been infected. If the fever does not subside in 3-4 days, one should immediately consult a doctor and have himself diagnosed.

Prevention and Cure through Homeopathy:
The Homeopathic approach of prevention and cure include:

  1. It is an effective way through which immune-modulation of patients is done without having the risk of any side-effect.
  2. The choice of homeopathic drugs depends upon an individual’s response to infection and the severity of the virus.
  3. The symptoms of the patients affected are studied carefully to decide upon the curative as well as preventive homeopathic medicines.


Similar to dengue, the chikungunya virus is spread by an infected female mosquito- the Aedes genus mosquito. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on any person affected with this virus. Unlike dengue, this viral disease is rarely fatal. However, the symptoms of chikungunya can be long-lasting, severe and debilitating.

The major symptoms of chikungunya include-

In 2006, Chikungunya affected approximately 40,000 people, out of which nearly 1316 cases turned out to be fatal.

Prevention and Cure through Homeopathy:

In Homeopathy, there is a concept known as “Genus Epidemicus”, which helps as preventive remedy in an epidemic like this. This concept involves:

  1. Clinical picture of a group of patients in a specific locality gets studied and hence the most appropriate remedy is selected as the Genus Epidemicus for Chikungunya.
  2. Genus Epidemicus helps in increasing person’s immunity to such a level that even after mosquito bites; it is unable to produce any active disease in the person’s body.


  1. Homeopathic medicines get prescribed as per the clinical presentation of the patient, which become very effective in giving relief from the complaints during Chikungunya.
  2. Homeopathy is effective in all kinds of viral diseases.
  3. The pills given are simply chewed on tongue and tastes sweet.
  4. These medicines do not cause any kind of gastric irritation.

Why Homoeopathy?

Since there are no effective medications, vaccines or treatment options for Dengue and Chikungunya, the only way to steer clear of these diseases is to prevent their occurrence. Homoeopathy medicines and remedies are very effective in preventing and curing the mosquito-borne diseases, Dengue and Chikungunya. These medicines are prepared from natural substances, hence are extremely safe. Eupatorium perfoliatum is a perennial plant, the extracts of which are used in preparing homoeopathy drugs for dengue. This helps ease the pain in the joints and in the eyeballs. This wonder plant also helps you recover from a severe headache. Arsenic album, a solution made from diluted aqueous arsenic trioxide, can ease symptoms like nausea and vomiting. Belladonna can cure high fever; reduce skin rashes and swelling in the joints.

Apart from these, health awareness is mandatory for the prevention of these diseases. Clean surroundings, practising good hygiene play a major role in averting prevalence of mosquito-borne diseases. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Dengue Fever

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD
General Physician, Nagpur
Dengue Fever

Dengue is viral infection transmitted by bite of mosquito aedes aegypti. This mosquito usually bites in day time. In dengue fever platelet count decreases which can cause bleeding in skin and internal organs of human body. When platelet count decreases below 20000 it can causes severe internal bleeding in body. Aspirin should not be given for dengue fever because it can decrease platelet count. Treatment is symptomatic. There is no specific treatment. Water should not be allowed to accumulate in houses like in empty drums or cooler because mosquito can breed in stagnant water. Use all measures to avoid mosquito bites.

Platelet Count - How It Gets Affected Due To Dengue?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Mumbai
Platelet Count - How It Gets Affected Due To Dengue?

If you are in an area which has a lot of mosquitoes, any fever that is not subsiding in a couple of days is a cause for concern as it can be due to dengue. It is one of the dreadful diseases doing the rounds in the recent years and when someone complains of fever and joint pain, the first question we ask if they got checked for dengue. This is caused by a virus that is carried by an infected mosquito.

The blood is made up of 3 types of cells mainly that are in a liquid medium called the plasma. The red blood cells are the oxygen-carrying cells and the white blood cells fight infection and provide immunity. The third type are the platelets, they are smaller than the other two and help in blood clotting. With dengue fever, both the white blood cell count and the platelet count are decreased. Normal platelet count in the body ranges from 1.5 to 4 lacs and in patients with dengue; this can go down to as low as 20,000 to 40,000. This is because of the following:

  • Dengue suppresses bone marrow, which is the platelet-producing area, leading to decreased platelet count.
  • Blood cells affected by dengue virus damage platelets, leading to their drastic fall in numbers
  • Antibodies produced in dengue also lead to massive destruction of platelets

Patient presents with nonspecific symptoms including a high fever that does not subside, vomiting, pain behind the eyes, headache, nausea, and severe muscular and joint pain. The eye pain and the joint pain lead to the suspicion of the dengue fever. Symptoms develop after 4 to 7 days after the bite. The fever lasts for about 5 to 7 days and is followed by a prolonged period of fatigue, joint pains, body pain, and rashes.

For the sake of confirming the diagnosis, the doctor will run some lab tests. These include testing for antibodies IgG and IgM, PCR testing to check the virus and a complete blood count. This will reveal the decrease in the white blood cells and the platelets to a significant degree. Whether or not a person requires platelet transfusion will be decided by the doctor based on the person’s age, immunity levels and severity of the disease.

There isn't a particular level below which a person would require platelet transfusion. In aged people and with people who have other chronic diseases, platelet transfusion may be required even if the blood count is about 50,000. The doctor will decide this based on the patient’s health. The right thing to do is to go for a medical consultation and discuss your situation with the doctor and identify what needs to be done for your condition specifically. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Popular Questions & Answers

My grand ma is suffering from dengue, her platelets was 451 when initial test was done, now the platelets are 260, she is undergoing treatment for it now is the third day, do we need to admit her in hospital or need to complete the dose, please suggest.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, MRCP (UK), DM - Clinical Haematology
Hematologist, Kolkata
You do not need to admit her right now. However, ​you MUST consult a physician and get her examined asap. Repeat the platelet counts on alternate days for the next week. Also watch out for skin rash, headache, chest pain, pain abdomen ad any evidence of bleeding (skin, gums, stool, etc). In case you want to share her reports and get an online opinion, you can go to my profile and book an online consult and I will be happy to help.
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Doctor, three days back I developed sore throat. Two days back had fever (100.5) took only one paracetamol and after that body temperature till today (3rd day) is Normal .but I am having joint pains ,heavy legs and very mild cramp .i went MD doc. He did CBP. He told everything is normal. Platelets are adequate, lymphocytes 36% .can this be dengue? I don’t have fever .i have only joint pain in left elbow and legs are heavy.

MBBS, Craniosacral Balancing, Quantum Touch, Visceral manipulation
Pain Management Specialist, Panchkula
It's a viral type of infection. It may take 5 to 7 days for recovery. No need to worry. You should have more of liquid diet like milk, fresh fruit juice, coconut water etc. Wishing you a healthy life.
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Treatment of dengue. What should we do in case of continuously decrease in the platelets cells. How many times glucose is necessary?

Endocrinologist, Delhi
There is no specific treatent for dengue. You should take plenty of liquids, complete rest, normal diet, fruits and tablet paracetamol if fever increases. Pletelet count falls in this fever for which you have to repeat it as per advice of your treating doctor. Blood transfusionis adised if it falls below 20000/cu. Mm.It is ery important to follow advise of your treating doctor strictly.
1 person found this helpful

I think I am depression. I am facing this problem after dengue fever. Please suggest me to come out of depression naturally.

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Natural ways means healthy diet, good sleep and adequate food and physical activity and wait for time. Quick recovery means a course of antidepressants, you have to choose. All the best.
3 people found this helpful

Hello Dr. Mere son ko 3 years old weight 16.3 kg ko viral infection hua h n test me dengue primary stage h platelets 2.35 lac h hemoglobin 10 h TLC count 5000 h .what to do please help. Not admitted doing rest at home. Local Dr. suggested give water n prescribed jiovit multivitamin. P-250, Alex junior, mecbery, pecef 100, folvite.

Diploma in Child Health (DCH), F.I.A.M.S. (Pediatrics)
Pediatrician, Muzaffarnagar
डेन्गु बुखार से घबराने की आवश्यकता नही है । आराम व पानी की अधिकतम प्रयोग उचित है। अगर बुखार है तो पी 250 व विटामिन देते रहे ।एन्टीबायोटिक की कोई लाभ नही है । शेष डाक्टर के अनुसार करे।
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Table of Content

What is Dengue?

Diagnosis and Treatment :


Play video
Dengue Fever
Symptoms and prevention of Dengue fever
Play video
Dengue Fever
Symptoms and Treatment for Dengue Fever
Play video
Dengue Fever
My name is Dr Tarun Jhamb and I m an MD Medince. I am practising for last fifteen years. I am connected to Lybrate. I m also practising at Columbia Asia Hospital and we will discuss the health topic one of which is Dengue Fever. We know for the next three months, there is a possibility of Dengue Fever in the rainy season. Dengue is a mosquito borne viral fever and it just spreads from the bite of the mosquito and spreads person to person. Most of the times it is self-treatable and it s a preventable disease but there are a few cases which have gone into complications which are known as Dengue Shock Syndrome or Dengue haemorrhaging Fever.

Common symptoms of the Dengue Fever is the high-grade fever, 104- 105 temperature with body ache, joint pain, muscle pain, rashes all over the body, and severe weakness. A person becomes very dilapidated within one or two days and feels very uncomfortable and he becomes sick. It is a treatable disease. Lots of liquids and electrolytes are required.

What are the dos and don ts for this disease?

Do is, we have to take care of not getting stagnant water in coolers or in and around the home. We should take care of using the mosquito repellent, material or the jellies. We can use the net to avoid the mosquito bite. We should intake a lot of water and electrolyte supplements. We should take bed rest for few days. We need to see the doctor as soon as we see the symptoms of dengue fever.

Things we don t have to do, do not use disprin or the voveran tablet during the fever because these are the blood thinners. Do not avoid or delay the treatment. As we see the symptoms like bleeding from anywhere on the sight and black stool, continuous vomiting and severe weakness and continuous fever which leads to fainting.

These are the serious symptoms which should be immediately taken care of and we should seek the help of the doctor. It is a preventable disease. We should take care of the blood testing where we find the dengue test at initial four to five days, likely to be positive and antibody test after four to five days, is likely to be positive. Platelets are falling after four to five days and remain for the next three to four days and then it automatically starts. Some people require hospitalization as well as the platelet transfusion. The upper limit of the platelet is up to ten to fifteen thousand where we can prevent or avoid the platelet transfusion. But if it is going down lower or there is any sign of bleeding up to forty thousand then we have to give the platelet transfusion request.

If you need any of my help, I am available at Lybrate. My home clinic is Naman Medicare at Gurgaon, Sector IV.

Thank you
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