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Overview

Dengue - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Dengue fever is a debilitating and painful viral disease spread by mosquitoes. There are four dengue viruses which may transmit the disease. Most cases of dengue are found in tropical parts or countries in the world. An Aedes mosquito that has been infected by a dengue virus can further transmit it. The mosquito gets infected after biting another person infected with the dengue virus. Direct transmission from one person to another doesn’t take place.

Diagnosis

Blood tests for checking traces of the virus or the antibodies produced in response to it are available. Consult a doctor if you get unwell after visiting a tropical country.

Treatment

Dengue doesn’t have any specific medicine for treating it. If you suspect dengue fever, then take pain killers having acetaminophen. Don’t take aspirin, as it may make the bleeding worse. Rest along with adequate fluid intake is of utmost importance. Consult your doctor if you don’t feel better even after the fever reduces.

Prevention

No vaccine has been invented so far for preventing dengue. The best prevention for dengue fever is to avoid getting bitten by mosquitoes, especially when you’re travelling to or living in the tropics. Protection from mosquitoes and attempts to lower the mosquito populace can help in prevention.

Here are a few tips for protecting yourself:

  • Buy and use an effective mosquito repellent, even when you’re indoors.
  • When you’re outdoors, minimize skin exposure. Wear shirts with long sleeves and tuck your pants into socks.
  • If possible, then increase the use of air conditioning.
  • Avoid residential areas that are densely populated.
  • Sleep inside a mosquito net.
  • Ensure that the windows don’t have any holes and the doors and partitions are properly sealed when shut.
  • If you show any of the symptoms for dengue, consult your doctor.

In bringing the mosquito population down, remove or block places which might be breeding grounds for mosquitoes. These may be places where rain water accumulates such as cans, old tires and flower pots. Keep changing the water in coolers and bird baths. If a member of your family gets dengue fever, take extra measures to protect others in the house including yourself from mosquito bites. The infected person in the house may get bitten and that mosquito might transmit the virus to others in the house.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
High fever that has a sudden onset Severe muscular and joint pain Fever followed by appearance of a skin rash Mild bleeding from the nose and gums

Popular Health Tips

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Dr. Chinmaya Urs R 92% (28 ratings)
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Dengue Fever Prevention, Treatment And Homeopathic Medicines

Dr. Princy Khandelwal 90% (16063 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
Dengue Fever   Prevention, Treatment And Homeopathic Medicines
What is Dengue Fever? Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease caused by any one of four closely related dengue viruses (DENV-1, -2, -3, and -4). Infection with one serotype of DENV provides immunity to that serotype for life, but provides no long-term immunity to other serotypes. Thus, a person can be infected as many as four times, once with each serotype. Dengue viruses are transmitted from person to person by Aedes mosquitoes (most often Aedes aegypti) in the domestic environment.= What are the symptoms of Dengue Fever? Classic dengue fever, or break bone fever, is characterized by acute onset of high fever 3 14 days after the bite of an infected mosquito. Symptoms include Frontal headache, Retro-orbital pain, Myalgias, Arthralgias, Hemorrhagic manifestations, Rash, and Low white blood cell count The patient also may complain of anorexia and nausea. Acute symptoms, when present, usually last about 1 week, but weakness, malaise, and anorexia may persist for several weeks. Some patients with dengue fever go on to develop dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), a severe and sometimes fatal form of the disease. Diagnosis of Dengue Fever The diagnosis of dengue is usually made clinically. The classic picture is high fever with no localising source of infection, a petechial rash with thrombocytopenia and relative leukopenia low platelet and white blood cell count. Aim of treatment of dengue fever: Relieving symptoms of pain. Controlling fever. Telling patients to avoid aspirin and other nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory medications because they may increase the risk for hemorrhage. Reminding patients to drink more fluids, especially when they have a high fever. How to Treat Dengue Fever Drink plenty of fluids and get plenty of rest. Antipyretics to control temperature. Children with dengue are at risk for febrile seizures during the febrile phase of illness. Avoid aspirin and other nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory medications because they increase the risk of hemorrhage. People generally take Brufen or Combiflam tablets in such fever conditions, these are to be avoided. Get platelet counts. Prevention of Dengue Fever There is no tested and approved vaccine for the dengue. Primary prevention of dengue is mosquito control. Dengue fever and Homeopathy medicines In Homoeopathy, we have more than 20 medicines which can be taken based on different symptoms of fever in different stages. I would suggest you to please consult your homeopathic physician or homeopathic consultant for appropriate selection of the homeopathic drug for dengue fever.
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Dengue Fever: How To Prevent The Disease And Stay Healthy This Season?

Dr. Amit Verma 87% (62 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD-Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Delhi
Dengue Fever: How To Prevent The Disease And Stay Healthy This Season?
With viral fever on the rise it is advisable to prevent yourself against dengue and chikungunya. Dengue is caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes. It is an acute illness of sudden onset that usually symptoms such as headache, fever, exhaustion, severe muscle and joint pain, swollen lymph nodes, and rash. The presence of fever, rash, and headache is particularly characteristic of dengue. Most common symptoms of dengue are: Symptoms, which usually begin four to six days after infection and last for up to 10 days, may include Sudden, high fever Severe headaches Pain behind the eyes Severe joint and muscle pain Fatigue Nausea Vomiting Skin rash, which appears two to five days after the onset of fever Mild bleeding (such a nosebleed, bleeding gums, or easy bruising) How to diagnose and prevent against dengue? Diagnosing dengue fever: Blood test to check for the virus or antibodies to it .IgG AND IgM for Dengue Fever. Prevention against dengue fever: Stay away from heavily populated residential areas, if possible. Use mosquito repellents, even indoors. When outdoors, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants tucked into socks. When indoors, use air conditioning if available. Make sure window and door screens are secure and free of holes. If sleeping areas are not screened or air conditioned, use mosquito nets. Role of homeopathy in treating dengue: Homeopathy treat the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individual examination and case analysis which includes the medical history of the patient physical & mental constitution, family history, presenting symptoms, underlying pathology etc. A homeopathic doctor tries to treat more than just the presenting symptoms. The focus is not on curing the disease, but to cure the person who is sick; to restore for health. If a disease pathology is not very advanced homeopathic remedies to give a hope for cure; even in incurable case the quality of life can be greatly improved with homeopathic medicines. Homeopathic medicine help to increase the platelet count and immunity of the patient. Consult an Expert & get answers to your questions!
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Dengue Fever - Why Prevention Is Better Than Cure?

Dr. Monty Talwar 89% (383 ratings)
CME Course In Diabetes For Family Physicians, Certificate In Child Health, BHMS
Homeopath, Gurgaon
Dengue Fever - Why Prevention Is Better Than Cure?
Are you aware of dengue, a fever which is currently on the rise? Dengue is a painful fever, which is caused by one of the four dengue viruses. It is a mosquito borne disease. The virus which causes dengue is related to yellow fever causing virus. Dengue is also referred to as break bone fever. It is transmitted via the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with dengue. This type of fever has no proper cure and hence, prevention is the best policy. Symptoms The symptoms of dengue start appearing four to six days after the infection. They include sudden, high fever, pain behind the eyes, fatigue, nausea, severe muscle and joint pain, skin rash, vomiting and mild bleeding in the nose or gums. In some cases, the symptoms are very mild and are commonly mistaken for another viral infection. Severe problems such as the dengue hemorrhagic fever may occur from the infection. Treatment The juice from the leaves of carica papaya mixed with sucrose is given to a patient, which helps in increasing the count of platelets. This may lead to some movement. Prevention There is no vaccine, which immunizes dengue and the best way of prevention is to prevent yourself from getting bitten by infected mosquitoes, especially if you live in a tropical climate. The prevention tips include protecting yourself and making an effort to reduce the mosquito population. Here are some important prevention tips for dengue: Stay away from residential areas which are very heavily populated. Use mosquito repellents, even when you are at home. Wear long sleeved clothes and long pants when going out. Make sure that your windows and doors do not have holes in them. Use mosquito nets while sleeping, if you do not have an air conditioner. Get rid of places and areas where mosquitoes can breed in order to reduce their population. These may include cans, old tyres and areas where rain water gets collected. If someone at home gets dengue, you should make efforts to protect yourself and the rest of your family members. A mosquito, which bites an infected family member, may spread the infection to others as well. In case you experience any symptom of dengue, it is important for you to consult a doctor immediately. He will be able to guide you with a proper diagnosis and treatment based on the latter.
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Dr. Mamta Gupta 90% (236 ratings)
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Play video
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Popular Questions & Answers

I've suffered from dengue last November and I've come to know that I'm suffering from lack of hemoglobin percentage in blood. 6.6 percentage to be exact. What diet I have to follow to get cured from anemia. Is there a cure for anemia?

Dr. Rajneesh Shastri 86% (99 ratings)
MD - Medicine
General Physician, Jaipur
Plss add iron reach vegetables in your food:- Beatroot (best to increase blood) Spinach you can also take some vitamin b12 capsules for this.

I am infected with dengue. Which medicines should I take? I have fever and I have vomited 3 times and my back and head are paining slightly.

Dr. Mridu Sharma 89% (25 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD-Ayurvedic Vachaspati
Ayurveda, Hoshiarpur
You can take adrak, kali, mirch and tulsi kadha thrice a day and giloysatva along with other medicines.

High fever dengue positive with 5.3 more than 1. 1.count platelets: 1.51Lakhs. .Anything serious and worry about this result?

Dr. Sandeep Singh Kapoor 89% (175 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Gurgaon
Take lot of fluids. For fever only paracetamol. Get your platelets checked every 3rd day. If it falls to 50000 get yourself admitted in hospital to avoid complication. Papaya Leaves with honey are known to improve platelet count as well.

Hello doctors. Please help. I just got my mom report on dengue. N8-1 antigen is 11.70 and platelets /thrombocyte count is 1.60 Please help.

Dr. Gaurav Aggarwal 90% (106 ratings)
DNB FORENSIC MEDICINE, MD FORENSIC MEDICINE, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Delhi
There is no need to worry. Most importantly, if there is no fever. You do not need to worry. Ask her to drink a lot of water. Even if there is some virus load in the body. It will not cause symptoms in her body as the viral load will get diluted. If you need further help or advice, feel free to contact. Medicines might be needed if there is some other issue with her. All the best!

Health Quizzes

Treating A Fever

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 86% (22262 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
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Fevers Should Not Always Be Treated With Medication. True or False?
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