Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Pre Menstrual Syndrome: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is Pre Menstrual Syndrome? Is it normal to get tired before your period? What is the cause of Pre Menstrual Syndrome? What are the symptoms of Pre Menstrual Syndrome? What are the treatment of Pre Menstrual Syndrome? How can you tell if your period is coming soon?

What is Pre Menstrual Syndrome?

Pre Menstrual Syndrome is a condition affects women just before her menstrual cycle. It affects women emotionally, physically and behaviorally as well. It is a common condition which affects almost 90 percent of menstrual women. Cause of Pre Menstrual Syndrome is unknown, but ts symptoms start five to eleven days before periods.

Pre Menstrual Syndrome has some risk factors such as -

Bipolar disorder - it is a form of mental illness, in which patients have episodes of depression. These depressive episodes lead to deep sadness, suicidal thoughts, loss of energy, hopelessness, and duration of little or too much sleep. Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depression. It is of three types include bipolar 1, bipolar 2 and cyclothymia.

Dysmenorrhea - it is a condition in which girls started feeling menstrual cramps in lower abdominal, which could range from mild to severe. This kind of condition occurs after one or two years when a girl reached puberty. These menstrual cramps stop entirely when a girl had her first baby. Due to this condition, a girl may feel pain in lower back, loose stools, upset stomach, vomiting, and pressure in the belly as well.

Major depressive disorder - an intense feeling of sadness for a long period of time can be called as major depressive disorder. It can also be referred to as clinical depression. In this condition, the patient feel irritated all most all day. Along with these experiences like restlessness, unusual tiredness, lack of energy, less interested in activities, insomnia, difficulty in decision making, thinking and concentrating are some major symptoms of it.

Seasonal affective disorder - it is a kind of disorder, which relates to changes in depression along with the season. It is a kind of disorder which causes depression in spring or early summer. Patients having it may experience, changes in weight or appetite, low energy, worthless or guilty feeling, agitated are some symptoms of this disorder. Its causes are unknown, but some factors like melatonin levels, serotonin levels, and genes are the key reason for it.

Schizophrenia - it is a kind of condition which strikes slowly over the years or in some cases, it strikes suddenly. Its symptoms depend upon the individual, include delusions, hallucinations, social withdrawal, cognitive difficulties, avolition etc. it could be caused by genes, the chemical imbalance in the brain, environmental factors, may be due to drug consumption.

Is it normal to get tired before your period?

Due to Pre Menstrual Syndrome mood swings, increased thirst, hunger, craving for certain foods, and tiredness. If you have these symptoms before a week of period then you might have this condition. In general, womens doesn’t feel any such tiredness and above mentioned symptoms.

What is the cause of Pre Menstrual Syndrome?

Pre Menstrual Syndrome has some common causes which can worsen the conditions include -

  1. Stress - it is problem to many diseases, Nowadays due to a hectic lifestyle, people get too stressful, which leads to many health problems.
  2. Smoking - as we all know and read it almost at all the cigarettes packets that, use of tobacco and its product could lead to cancer, but it could also lead many diseases which include pre menstrual syndrome also.
  3. Sleeplessness - people who are more stressed often get sleep on time, in severe cases, they won’t even sleep. Due to which the human body doesn’t get sleep and these problems lead to many health conditions including PMS.
  4. Too much salt intake - balance is the key for everything so do in eating things, having healthy eating habits can keep you healthy for a long time. Keep a note and check what you are eating and how much intake you have done.
  5. Alcohol intake - excessive alcohol intake affects over the body through many ways by imbalance the hormones, it leads to pre menstrual syndrome.
  6. Migraine - migraine headaches are also one of the reason for the condition such as pre menstrual syndrome. Having any such condition should not be ignored.
  7. Allergies - there are many kinds of allergic condition which are related to menstrual hormones such as eczema, urticaria, autoimmune progesterone dermatitis, angioedema, and erythema multiforme can worsen during pre menstrual time period.

In such condition you can -

  1. Stop smoking - stopping unhealthy lifestyle regime is a must. Patients required to switch to a healthy lifestyle and routine as soon as possible.
  2. Sleep enough - you can take proper medications, prescribed by the doctor on the basis of the clinical condition. It can help you to get better sleep.
  3. Avoid alcohol, salt, and caffeine - patients having a problem like pre menstrual syndrome, it is required to avoid the consumption of alcohol, salt, and caffeine.
  4. Eat green veggies - in problems like pre menstrual syndrome, it is best to eat green vegetables as much as possible. It can help in balancing the hormone.
  5. Intake vitamins and minerals - keep a check on it and take an adequate amount of minerals and vitamins in your diet.
  6. Work to low the stress. - in such condition, you can take help of yoga or medication. Its exercises help the patient to lower down the stress as much as possible.

What are the symptoms of Pre Menstrual Syndrome?

Pre Menstrual Syndrome symptoms include -

  1. Constipation
  2. Headaches
  3. Fatigue
  4. Anxiety
  5. Depression
  6. Sadness
  7. Acne
  8. Food craving
  9. Sore breasts
  10. Abdominal pain
  11. Bloating
  12. Diarrhea
  13. Irritability

What are the treatment of Pre Menstrual Syndrome?

For the treatment of Pre Menstrual Syndrome doctor may prescribe you following medications such as -

  1. NSAIDs- at the onset of your periods, doctor may prescribe you ibuprofen or naproxen, which gives relieves from menstrual cramps and breast discomfort.
  2. Diuretics - it is also known as water pills, which eases the body shed excess fluid through kidneys.
  3. Hormonal contraceptives - these medicines stop ovulation and gives relief in Pre Menstrual Syndrome symptoms.
  4. Antidepressants - use doctors prescribed medications before two weeks of menstruation begins.

How can you tell if your period is coming soon?

More than 90 percent of women have Pre Menstrual Syndrome in their life. Its symptoms arrives just a week before periods and get away with periods begin. There are few signs to know -

  1. Acne - adult women suffers from more acne than men do. This is due to rising hormone level which activates sebum production.
  2. Change in breast - tenderness and swelling of breast is also a factor. It could be linked with high levels of prolactin.
  3. Cramps - abdominal cramps are the most common condition in such situation.
  4. Constipation - some women got constipation while others got diarrhea.
  5. Headache - change in estrogen levels lead to this condition.
  6. Mood swings - emotional signs are the crucial one as physical signs of Pre Menstrual Syndrome.
  7. Bloating - it is a major complaint, in such condition eat green veggies and exercise regularly is important.

Popular Questions & Answers

I'am female, have consumed premence plus medicine 15 tablets as per doctor prescription, after consulting gynecologist, now due to change in city, I am unable to consult that doctor, can I take that medicine again in another month, pls. Guide.

MBBS, MS-obg, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Hello lybrate-user, I understand your concern, yes ita safe to take premence plus, as it's a supplement containing beta-carotene, vitamins and minerals. No there will be no side effects due to its in take. So kindly go ahead and take the medicatio...
1 person found this helpful

I have multiple fibroids. 5.5 cm subserosa noted fundus of uterus left side, 4.5 cm submucosa fibroid posterior wall body of uterus, 3 cm fibroid noted right side posterior wall lower body. Is hysterectomy the only option?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, Fellowship in Assisted Reproductive technology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Burhanpur
Hello, you can opt for progesterone only pills to stop your menses and stopping menses would take you to nearing menopause and would also halt the fibroid growth.

Am 37 years old women recently I gave birth to a baby boy he is 8 months ,via c sec second tym ,after 6 months of c sec I got my periods back with heavy bleeding not so much but more than normal ,i got my periods after 10 months after my first baby ,i had an ultrasound which shows small fibroids maximum about 1.6x1.3 mm doc gave me sysron 5 mg for 20 days, will my fibroid shrink or will I get my normal periods back. please reply am worried as both my sister and mother had done with hysterectomy because of fibroids and am scared of fibrous?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, Fellowship in Assisted Reproductive technology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Burhanpur
Hello, fibroids presently are small and can be controlled by being on progesterone only pills. Butas long as the menses would arrive, they would keep growing. So the aim should be to stop menses with progesterone only pills. But if you wish your m...

I have pcod and I used deviry 10 mg for 5 days, 2 tablets per day. Its been 1 week since I stopped using them but still my period did not show up. Anyone please let me know what might be the reason.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
wait for another 7 days,if periods still do not start the. take oestrogen and progesterone combination pills for withdrawal BLEEDING

Age 42 female .no previous medical history of any disease. But now uterus mouth swelling problem seen in test .sample forwarded to delhi for cancer check .but no pain in stomach or any other problems yet. Sometimes menstrual disorders founded. Please suggest me it cause cancer or not .what is treatment.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Most of the medical problems need personally taking detailed medical history and examination with the need for detailed reports so meet concerned doctorgynecologist.

Popular Health Tips

Bleeding Problems - Know The Common Types!

IVF Specialist, Raipur
Bleeding Problems - Know The Common Types!
Vaginal bleeding is a common phenomenon in women. Sometimes it is due to cyclical changes in the cycle, while other times, it may be indicative of something unnatural and perhaps severe. Abnormal vaginal bleeding includes: Heavy periods: This is a...
6572 people found this helpful

Oral Pills As Contraception - Myths & Facts!

MBBS, DGO - Gynaecology & Obstetrics
Gynaecologist, Indore
Oral Pills As Contraception - Myths & Facts!
Oral contraceptives (the pill) are hormonal pills which are usually taken by women on a daily basis for contraception. They contain either two hormones combined (progestogen and estrogen) or a single hormone (progestogen). When to start? - Usually...
1932 people found this helpful

Uterine Fibroids - Types & Diagnosis Of It!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Diploma in Reproductive Medicine & Embryology, Fellowship in Gynaecology Endoscopy, certificate of achievement in aesthetic and functional gynecology 2018
Gynaecologist, Raipur
Uterine Fibroids - Types & Diagnosis Of It!
Uterine fibroids are benign tumours that develop within the uterus during a woman s reproductive years when the levels of oestrogen hormone are high. These are usually seen developing between 16-50 years of age and affect nearly 30% of all women b...
3989 people found this helpful

Premature Ovarian Failure - Know More!

MBBS, DNB - Obs & Gynae, Diploma In Reproductive Medicine (Germany), Fellowship In Laparoscopy, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine & ART, Hysteroscopy advanced traraining training
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Premature Ovarian Failure - Know More!
Premature ovarian failure or POF refers to the loss of normal functioning of the ovaries before the age of 40. Since the ovaries do not produce sufficient amounts of oestrogen hormone or release ova regularly, the condition often leads to infertil...
2605 people found this helpful

Ovarian Hyper-Stimulation Syndrome (OHSS) - How Does IVF Cause It?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, DGO
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Ovarian Hyper-Stimulation Syndrome (OHSS) - How Does IVF Cause It?
Ovarian Hyper Stimulation Syndrome is noticed in women who are administered hormone medicines through injections. These medicines trigger the development of eggs in the woman s ovaries. This condition can be a side effect of IVF. It causes the ova...
4930 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
MBBS,MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Play video
Hysteroscopy & Laparoscopy
Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are two of the most common procedures to either diagnose a woman s infertility or correct problems that cause infertility and miscarriage. Hysteroscopy can be helpful in the evaluation of infertility, recurrent miscarr...
Play video
Menorrhagia - All You Need To Know!
Menorrhagia is heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding. Many women have this type of abnormal uterine bleeding. It can be related to a number of conditions including problems with the uterus, hormone problems, or other conditions.
Play video
Minimally Invasive Surgery - Laparoscopy And Hysteroscopy
Hello, I am Dr. Udayan Palnitkar. I am gynae endoscopic surgeon, practicing since last 15 years. Today, I am going to discuss with you the various minimally invasive surgeries that are done in gynaecology, mainly hysteroscopy and laparoscopy. Firs...
Play video
Know More About Infertility
Hello, Today we are going to discuss what exactly is infertility and what are the causes behind it? and basically in today's topic we are going to discuss the causes in women which are responsible for her being infertile or we call it subfertile. ...
Play video
Endometriosis - A Brief On This
Hello everyone, I am Dr. Anu Sidana, obstetrician and Gynecologist, Aastha Medicare. Today I am going to speak about endometriosis. What is endometriosis? it is a painful disorder in which the cyclical period it becomes painful, tissue that involv...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice