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Overview

Bruise - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Bruise?

A common injury that results in bleeding below the skin is called bruise. Generally bruises do not bleed. The skin develops a red color immediately after it is bruised. Later it becomes purple and after a few days it turns green and heals.

Bruise is a common problem in the older generation as the skin becomes thin which leads to easy bruising. People who take blood thinner medications also suffer from bruises. Athletes and weight lifters suffer from bruises as the micro blood vessels break during vigorous exercise leading the bruises. When a person bumps into any hard object there is a possibility of bruising. When a person develops sudden bruises it may be due to internal bleeding.

Medical Attention if :

Those who are taking blood thinner and get bruise should immediately seek medical attention. If bruises happen often then it is time to seek medical help. Bruises near the head and eye also require immediate medical attention. Bruise with swelling and pain could be a fracture and hence should be dealt by a doctor.

Diganosis :

Concussions on the head with or without a black out means head injury and should be diagnosed by a doctor to avoid any further complications.

Doctors may prescribed for x-rays if they feel that there may be a fracture. Continuous bruises over a period of time may be due to internal bleeding and a blood test will determine the condition. If bruises are over a period of time and at various stages of healing it may be due to physical abuse, which a doctor may suspect.

Some bruises can be treated at home using cold compress while it is still red. The compress should be wrapped in towel and not applied directly to the skin. If the bruise is on the leg, then keeping the leg in upward position for 24 hours will heal any swelling. Medications like Acetaminophen can help in healing, aspirins should not be taken during this time as they slow down the process of healing. After 48 hours heat treatment or applying of cloth dipped in hot water to the bruised area will help in fast healing of the bruise.

Precautions :

Sportsperson and children can avoid bruises by taking some precautions. Some of the common precautions are wearing protective gear while playing sports like cricket and softball. At homes, proper placement of objects can avoid fall. Electrical appliances and cords should be kept away from places where people walk frequently.

Bruises are indeed small injuries and require 10 to 2 weeks to heal.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Blood clotting under the skin Pain on the affected part

Popular Health Tips

M. sc Psychology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
For any injury, bleeding,bruises, lacerated wounds, head injuries, Taking Arnica 200 & belladonna 200 will help great for healing as well as for avoiding the further c/o coming from the injuries. Like clot formation,tumor formation etc.
1 person found this helpful

Wounds VS Bruises

FHM Fellowship In HIV Medicine, MD, MBBS
General Physician, Hyderabad
Wounds VS Bruises

Wounds and bruises are both injuries. However, they differ widely in terms of the causing factors, the nature of the injury, the pain they cause and the kind of treatment they require.

The following are a few of the myriad ways in which the two injuries differ from each other:

  1. A wound causes quick damage - the skin tissue is cut or punctured while a bruise (also called a closed wound) is where the skin is not torn.
  2. A wound is usually caused by a sharp object but bruises are the results of blunt force or trauma.
  3. A wound almost certainly bleeds due to ruptured tissue and blood vessels. Blunt injury also damages the blood capillaries of the skin and causes blood to accumulate under the skin tissue, creating a dark patch of skin. Blood vessels can also break due to lifting of heavy objects or overexertion of muscles.
  4. A wound carries the risk of infection because the skin is open but a bruise does not get infected.
  5. A wound has a burning or stinging sensation but a bruise is characterized by swelling and a blunt throbbing pain.
  6. A wound can be healed by antiseptic and antibiotic medication. Large wounds need to be closed by stitching them up to avoid severe infection. On the other hand, a bruise usually heals by itself. A cold compress and pain killers may be used to ease discomfort. Heat can be applied to the injured spot to normalize the blood flow and dissolve the blood clot.
  7. A wound can lead to complications like bacterial infections or the healing might be delayed by chronic diseases like diabetes. In case of a bruise, it usually does not cause complications but if there's a blunt injury to sensitive areas like the head, the tailbone or the eyes, medical attention is advised.
  8. Wounds and bruises can also be differentiated on the basis of their subtypes.

The different types of wounds are:

  • Incision (sharp objects cutting the dermis layer of skin)
  • Abrasion (the epithelial tissue is scraped off)
  • Avulsion (a body structure is torn off)
  • Penetration (a sharp object causes an entry and an exit wound)
  • Puncture (only an entry wound caused by a sharp object)

The different types of bruises are:

  • Hematoma (blood pools under the skin)
  • Purpura (tiny spots of blood on the inside of the mouth)
  • Contusion (similar to hematoma and caused by external trauma)
  • Crush injury (caused due to a large amount of force on the body part for a long time)

Related Tip: "4 Surgical Alternatives For Burns And Wounds"

3762 people found this helpful

Difference Between Wounds and Bruises

MBBS
General Physician, Jammu
Difference Between Wounds and Bruises

Wounds and bruises are both injuries. However, they differ widely in terms of the causing factors, the nature of the injury, the pain they cause and the kind of treatment they require.

The following are a few of the myriad ways in which the two injuries differ from each other:

  1. A wound causes quick damage - the skin tissue is cut or punctured while a bruise (also called a closed wound) is where the skin is not torn.
  2. A wound is usually caused by a sharp object but bruises are the results of blunt force or trauma.
  3. A wound almost certainly bleeds due to ruptured tissue and blood vessels. Blunt injury also damages the blood capillaries of the skin and causes blood to accumulate under the skin tissue, creating a dark patch of skin. Blood vessels can also break due to lifting of heavy objects or overexertion of muscles.
  4. A wound carries the risk of infection because the skin is open but a bruise does not get infected.
  5. A wound has a burning or stinging sensation but a bruise is characterized by swelling and a blunt throbbing pain.
  6. A wound can be healed by antiseptic and antibiotic medication. Large wounds need to be closed by stitching them up to avoid severe infection. On the other hand, a bruise usually heals by itself. A cold compress and pain killers may be used to ease discomfort. Heat can be applied to the injured spot to normalize the blood flow and dissolve the blood clot.
  7. A wound can lead to complications like bacterial infections or the healing might be delayed by chronic diseases like diabetes. In case of a bruise, it usually does not cause complications but if there's a blunt injury to sensitive areas like the head, the tailbone or the eyes, medical attention is advised.
  8. Wounds and bruises can also be differentiated on the basis of their subtypes.

The different types of wounds are:

  • Incision (sharp objects cutting the dermis layer of skin)
  • Abrasion (the epithelial tissue is scraped off)
  • Avulsion (a body structure is torn off)
  • Penetration (a sharp object causes an entry and an exit wound)
  • Puncture (only an entry wound caused by a sharp object)

The different types of bruises are:

  • Hematoma (blood pools under the skin)
  • Purpura (tiny spots of blood on the inside of the mouth)
  • Contusion (similar to hematoma and caused by external trauma)
  • Crush injury (caused due to a large amount of force on the body part for a long time). If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can ask a free question.
6098 people found this helpful

INJURY-CUTS, SCRAPES, LACERATIONS, BRUISES

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Lucknow
INJURY-CUTS, SCRAPES, LACERATIONS, BRUISES

Homeopathic remedies can soothe the pain and soreness of bruises that come from injury, reduce swelling and fluid leakage into surrounding tissues, and generally encourage healing. Some of the commonly indicated remedies are:
 

 Arnica montana: traumatic injuries including bruises caused by impact with blunt objects (from simple contusions to concussions) and bruise-like soreness after muscular exertion (such as physically-taxing work, athletics, or childbirth).

 Calendula: useful for open wounds, ulcers; promotes healthy granulation and rapid healing. Is often used as local application for open wounds.

 Staphhysagria: lacerated or incised injury.

 Ledum palustre: this remedy is indicated contused, ecchymosed wounds when cold applications such as ice-packs or cold soaks bring some relief. Extravasation of blood in the lids (black eye), conjunctiva. Long discoloration after injuries.

 Hypericum: used for bruising or crushing injuries to body areas containing many nerves - smashed fingertips and toes, injuries to the spine or genitals, bruising or displacement of the tailbone (from falls or during childbirth), and injuries to the eyeball.

 Bellis perennis: for injuries and bruises, especially those caused by trauma to the trunk or in deeper tissues - for example, internal soreness after an accident or surgery.

 Calcarea phosphorica: indicated in bone-bruises, as well as other kinds of pain and soreness in the bones, also used when fractures are slow to heal.

MBBS, Diploma In Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Common Skin Problems in Newborns

Mongolian Spot

This is extremely common in Indian babies. This appears as a blue-grey patch on the buttocks or the lower back. The patch can be quite large in size. They look unsightly, but apart from the cosmetic appearance, they do not cause any problems. Often parents confuse it with a bruise and see a dermatologist when it doesn?t settle down. This can be safely ignored and it may either disappear or become smaller with age.

Popular Questions & Answers

My right eye bruised all of a sudden and I don't know how. It has been about 6 days now. What should I do?

FPRS, DNB Ophtalmology
Ophthalmologist, Pune
very difficult to comment without clinically seeing it.. there can be internal injuries also.better rush to eye specialist
1 person found this helpful

I have bruise marks all over my legs as I was clumsy as a kid. How can I get rid of those spots?

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
There are some creams available like No marks... but they are effective only in early phase.. Still you may try applying homoeopathic Calendula Q diluted in water twice to thrice daily.. see if it helps..

I got a big bruise on my left knee from a injury last Tuesday and my bruise is all red and purple and it's painful and the bruise fills quite hard.

MBBS, MD - Anaesthesiology, FIPM, Fellowship in palliative medicine, certificate in interventional pain management, Multidisciplinary pain management course
Pain Management Specialist, Pune
Bruise formation indicates blood oozing into tissues after injury. By body's protective mechanism this blood collected in tissue undergoes chemical breakdown and resorption. The color changes of Bruise are due to these chemical reaction. Dont worry this will resolve in 2 to 3 weeks time. Meanwhile do the following at home. 1. Apply ice pack over the area for 10 mins and 4 times a day. 2. Apply Thrombophob ointment over r the area 4 times a day. 3. take over the counter available anti inflammatory drugs like Ibuprofen for 3 days round the clock. 4. Do gentle knee movement and stretching exercises.

I got a bruise on forehead 2 weeks back. Its appearing very dark. Is it possible t remove?

BPTh/BPT, MIHS
Physiotherapist, Surat
Yes. Aloe barbedenis mixed with orange and lemon peel extract with kojic acid. Best results with it.

I fell on Monday & have a big bruise on my leg. Wondering if anything I should do.

MD-Hom., BHMS, Dip. in Cosmetology & Trichology
Cosmetic Physician, Mumbai
Hi! As it is already around 4 days after fall, and only bruise is the symptom nothing to worry as it will take around 10 days to clear up. Can give cold compress three times a day for around 10 to 15 minutes. If any other symptoms like excruciating pain or restriction in moment pls consult. Take care.

Table of Content

What is Bruise?

Medical Attention if :

Diganosis :

Precautions :

Play video
Preventive Dentistry
Hi friends!

This is Dr. Premendra Goyal. Why do we most often end up in the dental clinic? Bruise tooth-get the tooth out, painful tooth- do a root canal, broken tooth-pray to God. What else can you do? And that s the main cause a lot of people have phobia about dental treatment. In past few years lot of changes have been taken place in dentistry. Where we have gone from reactive to preventive dentistry. No one can undermined the value of regular checkups, regular brushing, and regular flossing. As the proverb goes prevention is better than cure or maybe a stitch in time saves nine . What does a regular checkup do? Scientific studies proof that a cavity can start in as less than 3 to 4 months. Once got on time these cavities can be treated in time before it reach the nerve inside your tooth causing pain. There are lot of other preventive treatments available which will help your children be cavity free for a long time. Something like a fluoride application, or something called as Patent Fissure sealants which can seal the groused in early immature or permanent tooth wherein cavity don t progress at all. So think of prevention rather than treating a problem once it does become big. So in today s time you don t need to be suffering, scientific studies again have proven that a bad oral hygiene can lead to lot of complications with a general health, may be heart disease, arthritis, diabetes so in the benefit of your overall health look at regular dental visits, regular cleaning up your teeth and you should lead a very healthy life.

For more details you can contact us via lybrate. Thank you!
Play video
Homeopathy - A Holistic Approach to Healing
Hi friends,

This is Dr. Prriya Thakkar, I am a practicing homeopath at Vashi, Navi Mumbai. Friends this is my first interaction on this particular platform.

So I would like to start with something which is most commonly as to a homeopath. People come across and ask me mam, homeopathy kis cheez mein de sakte hain, kaun si problem mein de sakte hain, this is the most common question we come across. So friends, let me tell you homeopathy is a beautiful science, it can be used anywhere you like meaning in any of the disease conditions what varies is the role that it plays, say for example you have conditions like skin diseases, hair fall, respiratory problems, like cough, cold, fever, asthmatic conditions, GI disturbances, hair fall etc. these are the conditions wherein homoeopathic medicines can be used as a sole curator meaning it would be the only medicine which can be used to cure the condition. Then there are other conditions, like cancer you talk of Diabetic foot ulcer or you talk of accidents, cuts and bruises. Let me tell you about a case there was a young child boy of around 12 to 14 years of age, he just with his friends and one of his friend just pushed him and he bang into a pillar, now he injured his eye the eyelid on the outer end and he had a cut which needed I think around 1 or 2 stitches. Coincidently I was around the place and we applied local homeopathy medicines. There was no oral medications given whatsoever and he was dressed only with homeopathy medicines for a week and the cut just disappeared it were hard even to find where the injury had taken in the first place. So friends this is how homeopathic works, let me describe about one more patient this was again a boy of 10 years and he met with an accident, wherein he had a deep injury on the right lateral side of his leg at the knee joint and he had a real deep cut which had to be sutures around 17 to 20 sutures would given in that particular area. Then as the norm goes off all the painkillers, antibiotics and dressing were advised by the concerned surgeon. This patient again was a relative of mine, so what we did was we gave him some oral medication for the pain relief and healing and he was dressed only with homeopathy medicines. Within 15 days he required no painkillers no antibiotics whatsoever and the wound heal beautifully with minimal scarring. You have bruises say you have a bad fall with an injury you can create them with homoeopathy. Similarly accidental cases, cases of accident where you have fractured a particular bone you definitely need to go undergo plaster, you definitely need the initial mode of line of treatment given by orthopaedic surgeon but with that but you can do is you can give homeopathy medicines which help the fracture to heal faster, this is our homeopathy helps and plays a parallel role. Let me describe one more case, this is a patient this is was this was my first cancer patient which I handled this was a lady of 72 years old, she was diagnosed with Cholangiocarcinoma, the stage which was diagnosed was very late and she being a diabetic which was not under control doctor advised against chemotherapy radiation she had nothing whatsoever which we could do in that particular case. So the doctor suggested let us get a stenting done of a common bile duct, so that she doesn't develop jaundice and other complications, that was the only help they could give. They did that this patient for more or less throughout for a year in the hospital on a IV fluids, after a while she developed nausea, vomiting and lot of vertigo. Now the patient being known to me when to a homeopath and to a senior homeopath practicing somewhere in Mahim I was the moderator in between, she was under him for a while but the case was not improving and she was still suffering. Finally somehow the case landed up in my hand and I gave her a few doses of homeopathic medicines, the patient really improved when in terms of nausea and vomiting which stopped her vertigo, though she was in the bed she just couldn't turn around not even move her head and that also subsided. After a while say a period of around 2 months or so again this patient now she developed Ascites, Ascites is a condition where there is a lot of fluid accumulation in the abdomen and the only solution that you have is to aspirate this particular fluid from the abdomen, which is called the peritoneal tap. She underwent 3 sittings of peritoneal tap each time that tap being down around 2 to 21/2 litres was aspirated. Again I was called in, we gave her a couple of doses of homeopathy medicines and she was posted next day for the tap again. So next day she was again posted for peritoneal tap to the at a surprise of a gastroenterologist there was hardly any fluid which was aspirated say around 3 to 400 ml, that was it and friends I am glad to say that was the last peritoneal tap which underwent till that time she died.

So a friend this is how a homeopathy works, it is really wonderful how well you use it is all that matters.

Any of your queries regarding homeopathy or any of your illness which can be treated through homeopathy, you can definitely contact me through Lybrate.
Play video
Why it's Important That Your Child's Diet is Calcium-Rich
Why it's important that your child's diet is calcium-rich

Calcium is an inevitable part of your child's diet. You cannot afford to skip it if you wish to maintain a healthy lifestyle for your child. It is recommended that children between the ages of 9 and 18 should get approximately 1300 milligrams of calcium every day. Calcium-rich diet is important for your child for a number of reasons.

Why calcium?

Calcium helps in building strong bones and teeth for your child.
It is important in order to ensure proper functioning of your child's muscles and nerves.
Calcium plays a vital role in the release of such hormones and enzymes in your child's body that convert the food he eats into energy.
It is also helpful in causing the blood to clot whenever your child gets bruised.
Since your child is continuously growing, a calcium-rich diet ensures an adequate supply of resources that help him to develop new bones that are healthy and strong.
A calcium-rich diet is also essential as far as other bodily functions like muscle contraction, blood vessel constriction and relaxation are concerned.
What does lack of a calcium do to your child's body?

Lack of calcium can cause bone diseases like osteoporosis in your girl child, thus exposing her to a greater risk of weakened bones and possibility of fractures.
If your child is a young kid and his diet lacks calcium or vitamin d, which absorbs calcium, he is exposed to the threats of the bone-softening disease called rickets. It can cause in him bowing of the legs, muscle pain and poor growth.
Bones are living tissues that change constantly, old bones keep getting replaced by newer ones and a calcium-rich diet aids this procedure. Therefore without an adequate supply of calcium, this process would borrow minerals from existing bones, thus weakening them and exposing them to increased risks of fracture.
Lack of calcium also increases risks of cardiovascular diseases, damaged gums, high blood pressure, ovarian and breast cancer and several other infirmities in your child in his later years.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice