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Bruise - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Bruise? Medical Attention if : Diganosis : Precautions :

What is Bruise?

A common injury that results in bleeding below the skin is called bruise. Generally bruises do not bleed. The skin develops a red color immediately after it is bruised. Later it becomes purple and after a few days it turns green and heals.

Bruise is a common problem in the older generation as the skin becomes thin which leads to easy bruising. People who take blood thinner medications also suffer from bruises. Athletes and weight lifters suffer from bruises as the micro blood vessels break during vigorous exercise leading the bruises. When a person bumps into any hard object there is a possibility of bruising. When a person develops sudden bruises it may be due to internal bleeding.

Medical Attention if :

Those who are taking blood thinner and get bruise should immediately seek medical attention. If bruises happen often then it is time to seek medical help. Bruises near the head and eye also require immediate medical attention. Bruise with swelling and pain could be a fracture and hence should be dealt by a doctor.

Diganosis :

Concussions on the head with or without a black out means head injury and should be diagnosed by a doctor to avoid any further complications.

Doctors may prescribed for x-rays if they feel that there may be a fracture. Continuous bruises over a period of time may be due to internal bleeding and a blood test will determine the condition. If bruises are over a period of time and at various stages of healing it may be due to physical abuse, which a doctor may suspect.

Some bruises can be treated at home using cold compress while it is still red. The compress should be wrapped in towel and not applied directly to the skin. If the bruise is on the leg, then keeping the leg in upward position for 24 hours will heal any swelling. Medications like Acetaminophen can help in healing, aspirins should not be taken during this time as they slow down the process of healing. After 48 hours heat treatment or applying of cloth dipped in hot water to the bruised area will help in fast healing of the bruise.

Precautions :

Sportsperson and children can avoid bruises by taking some precautions. Some of the common precautions are wearing protective gear while playing sports like cricket and softball. At homes, proper placement of objects can avoid fall. Electrical appliances and cords should be kept away from places where people walk frequently.

Bruises are indeed small injuries and require 10 to 2 weeks to heal.

Popular Questions & Answers

High uric acid in blood, pain in leg joints & other joint. Taken feburic 40 mg tab for 45 days, after one month again started pain in joints, today checked uric acid, showing 8.7 value (normal level is 3.4 to 7).is there any permanent solution for issue of high uric acid? Not taking alcoholic drink, non veg stopped. Can you please suggest suitable medicine.

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedic Doctor, Kottayam
High uric acid diet includes alcohol,red meat,shrimp,prawns, canned food,tomatoes,dhal etc...Fluid intake is important....If there is redness /painful swelling use ice packs.. If feburic 40 MG hasn't helped u much,then need to increase the dose of...

Yes, I have already done my pelvis test. I have cyst in both ovaries after that doctor suggest me to take regestrone 5 mg and when I was taking medicine, cramping on my lower abdomen. If in case I will not get my period, then what should I do? Doctor will give another medicine or something else?

MBBS, M.S Obstetrics & Gynaecology, F.MAS FELLOWSHIP IN MINIMAL ACCESS SURGERY, D. MAS Dipolma in MINIMAL ACCESS SURGERY, FICRS, Fellowship in COSMETIC GYNAECOLOGY, Diploma in advanced Laparoscopy for Urogynaecology & Gynaec oncology, Basic training course in minimal invasive surgery in Gynaecology, Basics of Colposcopy, Fellowship in Cosmetic Gynaecology, Certificate course in diagnostic ultrasound imaging, Certificate of hands on training in hysteroscopy, Certificate course in diabetes, Fellowship in assisted reproductive technology, Certificate program in aesthetic Medicine, Certificate of operative Hysteroscopy, Certificate course in clinical embryology
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Can you take withdrawal pills like regestrone it takes at least ten days from the last date for the natural period to come.

My periods are due after 20 normally. My partner rubs his part on my and ejaculated without penetration on 6.i took ecp 2 tablets. Now I am feeling same menstrual cramps in abdomen and lower region but no periods at all. What should I do?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
After taking the high hormonal emergency pill one gets withdrawal bleeding 5 to 10 days later, and then a new cycle starts. If this does not happen as well as period is missed then to do pregnancy test.

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