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Bruise - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Bruise? Medical Attention if : Diganosis : Precautions :

What is Bruise?

A common injury that results in bleeding below the skin is called bruise. Generally bruises do not bleed. The skin develops a red color immediately after it is bruised. Later it becomes purple and after a few days it turns green and heals.

Bruise is a common problem in the older generation as the skin becomes thin which leads to easy bruising. People who take blood thinner medications also suffer from bruises. Athletes and weight lifters suffer from bruises as the micro blood vessels break during vigorous exercise leading the bruises. When a person bumps into any hard object there is a possibility of bruising. When a person develops sudden bruises it may be due to internal bleeding.

Medical Attention if :

Those who are taking blood thinner and get bruise should immediately seek medical attention. If bruises happen often then it is time to seek medical help. Bruises near the head and eye also require immediate medical attention. Bruise with swelling and pain could be a fracture and hence should be dealt by a doctor.

Diganosis :

Concussions on the head with or without a black out means head injury and should be diagnosed by a doctor to avoid any further complications.

Doctors may prescribed for x-rays if they feel that there may be a fracture. Continuous bruises over a period of time may be due to internal bleeding and a blood test will determine the condition. If bruises are over a period of time and at various stages of healing it may be due to physical abuse, which a doctor may suspect.

Some bruises can be treated at home using cold compress while it is still red. The compress should be wrapped in towel and not applied directly to the skin. If the bruise is on the leg, then keeping the leg in upward position for 24 hours will heal any swelling. Medications like Acetaminophen can help in healing, aspirins should not be taken during this time as they slow down the process of healing. After 48 hours heat treatment or applying of cloth dipped in hot water to the bruised area will help in fast healing of the bruise.

Precautions :

Sportsperson and children can avoid bruises by taking some precautions. Some of the common precautions are wearing protective gear while playing sports like cricket and softball. At homes, proper placement of objects can avoid fall. Electrical appliances and cords should be kept away from places where people walk frequently.

Bruises are indeed small injuries and require 10 to 2 weeks to heal.

Popular Questions & Answers

My right eye bruised all of a sudden and I don't know how. It has been about 6 days now. What should I do?

FPRS, DNB Ophtalmology
Ophthalmologist, Pune
very difficult to comment without clinically seeing it.. there can be internal injuries also.better rush to eye specialist
1 person found this helpful

I have bruise marks all over my legs as I was clumsy as a kid. How can I get rid of those spots?

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
There are some creams available like No marks... but they are effective only in early phase.. Still you may try applying homoeopathic Calendula Q diluted in water twice to thrice daily.. see if it helps..

I got a big bruise on my left knee from a injury last Tuesday and my bruise is all red and purple and it's painful and the bruise fills quite hard.

MBBS, MD - Anaesthesiology, FIPM, Fellowship in palliative medicine, certificate in interventional pain management, Multidisciplinary pain management course
Pain Management Specialist, Pune
Bruise formation indicates blood oozing into tissues after injury. By body's protective mechanism this blood collected in tissue undergoes chemical breakdown and resorption. The color changes of Bruise are due to these chemical reaction. Dont worr...

For 2 months been having continuous migraines and have a continuous bruised feeling at the top of my head like i've banged it hard on a wall, and I know a bruise should not feel bruised after 2 months please help it's causing chronic insomnia.

Homeopath, Noida
It can be migrain. 1. Take adequate night sleep 2. Eat at regular intervals. As starvation/gas can trigger migrain 3. Avoid things that can trigger migrain. Common triggers include alcohol, caffeine or poor sleep. Inculcate good sleep practices li...
1 person found this helpful

I have sudden bruises on my skin doctor said it might be purpura I got my medical reports but it was normal they gave me lympee tablets for 1 month I ate 4-5 days the bruises went away so I stopped eating but now I again have those bruises is it because I stopped medicine.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Vadodara
Hello Viani. Take proper check up to find out the exact cause. You can consult me at lybrate for Homoeopathic treatment. Till then take Lachesis 30.

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M. sc Psychology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
For any injury, bleeding,bruises, lacerated wounds, head injuries, Taking Arnica 200 & belladonna 200 will help great for healing as well as for avoiding the further c/o coming from the injuries. Like clot formation,tumor formation etc.
1 person found this helpful

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