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Eye Infection Tips

Eye Problems Caused By Diabetes - Learn More!

Dr. Manish Mahabir 87% (10 ratings)
MS - Ophthalmology, MBBS, GCSRT
Ophthalmologist, Ghaziabad
Eye Problems Caused By Diabetes - Learn More!

If you have got diabetes, then it is quite natural that you will soon face acute eye troubles. This is the reason diabetic patients are always suggested to keep their blood sugar levels controlled so that eye troubles can be easily avoided.

Thorough medical check-up is required in order to detect conditions of the eyes. Some of the commonest eye troubles occurring due to diabetes are cataract, glaucoma, blurry vision, diabetic retinopathy and others. 

List of eye diseases caused by diabetes are as below:

-  Diabetic retinopathy

When retina's smallest blood-vessels get severely damaged due to increased blood-sugar, then this kind of eye condition occurs. Early detection of this eye condition can save your 
eyes, but if it is too late, then nothing can be done, and it might even lead to blindness

- Cataract

Fogging or clouding condition can bring this kind of condition, and this can only be corrected by wearing proper corrective lenses.  However, if you fail to control diabetes, then in spite of wearing glasses, your eye condition might get deteriorated day by day. Glared or blurred vision is the commonest symptom in this regard. 

- Glaucoma

When the eye-fluid is not drained properly, then this kind of eye trouble occurs. In fact, eye pressure increases to a great extent as a result of which delicate eye nerves can get severely damaged. The blood vessels of the eyes can get clogged causing greater interruption in vision. Medicines can make aqueous humor to get drained in a proper manner, and thus you should go for a proper eye check-up so that you can acquire the requisite medicines. Some popular symptoms of glaucoma are headaches, eye aches, blurred vision, watery eyes, vision loss and others. 

- Diabetic macular-edema

This eye disease mainly occurs in the advanced stage of diabetic-retinopathy. Macula is nothing but the most delicate part of retina and when it gets swollen, then you might face this eye trouble. Only medications can help you to get rid of the same and thus immediate medical help is needed. 

- Blurry vision

Though this is quite a small and temporary eye issue for diabetic patients, but this condition might turn into a serious one if you neglect to correct the same in the very beginning. You might even face blindness due to negligence of this trouble. Also, fluctuating sugar-levels should be stabilized so that this kind of trouble can be easily tackled.

Eyelid Irritation - How To Treat It?

Dr. Pavan Lohiya 92% (10 ratings)
MD - Ophthalmology, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Navi Mumbai
Eyelid Irritation - How To Treat It?

This is a condition which can be caused in the delicate folds of the skin over the eye called the eyelid. The eyelids usually protect us from extreme light, and the entrance of other debris as well as against injuries to the delicate interiors of the eyes. The eyelid may get irritated or experience varied sensations like prickling, burning or itching, with a dull ache or sharp pain due to many reasons. This discomfort and irritation is usually caused by inflammation. Let us learn more about this condition.

Eyelid Inflammation: Blepharitis or eye inflammation is a condition that causes eyelid irritation because of allergic reactions as well as infections, dandruff in the eyelashes and eyebrows, pollutants and varied other causes. Also, poor hygiene can lead to the growth of eyelash lice which can also enter the eyes and lead to inflammation and irritation of the eyelids. A malfunctioning oil gland can also cause this kind of problem along with side effects of certain kinds of medication.

Types of Inflammation: This condition can be of two types :- anterior and posterior. Anterior eye inflammation causes irritation in that part of the eyelids which are outside the eyes where the eyelashes are situated. Dandruff and allergic reactions can also cause this kind of irritation. Posterior eyelid inflammation is a condition that can be found in the inner rims and corners of the eyes where malfunctioning oil glands found in the follicles of the eyelashes can cause this problem leading to blurry or cloudy vision as well.

Symptoms: Apart from irritation and not being able to close the eyes properly, there are many other symptoms of this condition. These symptoms include sensitivity to glares of light, oily eyelids, burning and itching sensation, and a feeling that some particles have entered your eyes and formed a crust on your eyelashes.

Checking for an Infection: Many of these symptoms can point at the presence of an infection, especially when accompanied by fever and headaches. Yet, irritation can also just be a cause of simple inflammation or due to the entry of a foreign body into the eye. Still, it is always best to get the symptoms checked by an ophthalmologist who will conduct a detailed eye exam along with lab tests based on blood samples in order to ensure that there is no bacterium or virus infecting the body.

Treatment: Steroids and antibiotics will be used only when there is an infection. As a home remedy for this condition, you can apply a warm wash cloth and clean your eyes frequently.

Talk to your doctor about potential complications of this irritation like eyelash loss.

6 Amazing Ways You Can Keep Your Eyes In Great Health!

Dr. Ravindra M.S. 87% (252 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Ophthalmology, Fellowship in Vitreo Retina, Fellowship in Cornea
Ophthalmologist, Bangalore
6 Amazing Ways You Can Keep Your Eyes In Great Health!

Eyes are very important organs as they provide you with the ability to process visual detail and detect light. However, because your eyes are exposed to harsh climate and pollutants, they can get spoilt. Here are a few basic tips you can follow to take care of your eyes:

  1. Eat healthy: It is important to eat healthy in order to maintain healthy eyes. Medical practitioners believe that vitamins have anti oxidants which slow down age related problems in the eye. You should be eating foods rich in Vitamin A, C and E, Zinc rich foods and foods with folic acid. Food items such as carrots, lettuce, spinach and kale can help in keeping your eyes healthy for longer.
  2. Wear dark sunglasses: Every time your eyes are exposed to the sun, they have to tolerate the harmful UV-A and UV-B rays. The ultraviolet rays can prove to be very damaging for your eyes as they affect the optic nerve. Hence, you should always wear dark coloured sunglasses in the sun to protect your eyes.
  3. Take breaks: Staring at a computer screen or a mobile screen all day can prove to be very harmful to your eyes. According to a study, when you stare a screen for too long, you blink lesser. This can lead to dry eyes.
  4. Get required rest: It is important to rest your eyes and free them of the strain they endure daily. Hence, you should aim to get at least 6-8 hours of sleep time daily to give them the required rest time.
  5. Quit smokingSmoking cigarettes can be harmful for your eyes as it increases chances of macular degeneration and cataracts. Smoking also increases chances of optic nerve damage as it impairs blood circulation to the eyes.
4537 people found this helpful

Cataract Surgery - What To Expect

Dr. Monika Jethani 92% (14 ratings)
MS - Ophthalmology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Certificate Course In Contact Lens Dispensing, DNB - Opthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Vadodara
Cataract Surgery - What To Expect

A cataract is defined as a clouding of lens in the eye where your vision gets blurred. A cataract affects the eyes, when light that passes through the lens prevents a clearly formed image from reaching your retina. The disease is very common and usually, develops as your eyes age or due to any injury caused to the tissues that cover your eye's lens.

Types of cataracts:

  1. Senile Cataract: This is the commonest of all. It is age-related clouding of the lens. It can affect the near or distance vision and can also cause glare and change in glasses power.
  2. Secondary Cataract: It can be developed after surgery for other eye problems like glaucoma and other health conditions such as diabetes.
  3. Traumatic Cataract: It can develop many years later after an injury caused to your eye.
  4. Congenital Cataract: As the term explains, the disease may be inborn or some children might develop it at a later stage which often affects both eyes. 
  5. Radiation Cataract: It can form after you are exposed to some form of radiation.

A cataract surgery involves the extraction or cleaning of the cloudy lens, which is then replaced by a clear artificial lens.

Why does it happen? 

There are lenses that lies behind our iris and pupil which act much like a camera lens. It helps concentrate light onto the retina at the back of our eye to form a sharply defined image. Besides, the lens also helps our eyes to adjust focus and allows us to see things clearly both far away and up close. The lens is composed of protein and water where the protein is arranged in a manner to keep the lens clear thereby letting light pass through it. 

However, as we grow old, some of the protein starts to become thick and cloud a small lens area. This is known as a cataract. With the passage of time, it may inflate and cover more of the lens, making it difficult for us to see.

Besides, there are other causes of cataract such as smoking, addiction of alcohol, prolonged sunlight exposure, to name a few. 

When should you opt for a cataract surgery?

Believe it or not, but till date no eye drop or medication has proven to reverse or prevent the formation of a cataract. If a cataract is affecting your nearsightedness or alteration in your prescription, then new prescription eyeglasses may help to better your blurred vision. However, the only treatment for a cataract is the surgical removal of your natural lens. And, most eye doctors recommend this surgery only when the problem becomes severe and starts hampering your day-to-day activities, such as studying or driving at night.

If you would like to consult with me privately, please click 'Consult'.

Cataract surgery is a procedure to remove the lens of your eye and, in most cases, replace it with an artificial lens. Normally, the lens of your eye is clear. A cataract causes the lens to become cloudy, which eventually affects your vision.

Cataract surgery is performed by an eye doctor (ophthalmologist) on an outpatient basis, which means you don't have to stay in the hospital after the surgery. Cataract surgery is very common and is generally a safe procedure.

How a cataract affects your vision

Cataract surgery is performed to treat cataracts. Cataracts can cause blurry vision and increase the glare from lights. If a cataract makes it difficult for you to carry out your normal activities, your doctor may suggest cataract surgery.

When a cataract interferes with the treatment of another eye problem, cataract surgery may be recommended. For example, doctors may recommend cataract surgery if a cataract makes it difficult for your eye doctor to examine the back of your eye to monitor or treat other eye problems such as age-related macular degeneration or diabetic retinopathy.

In most cases, waiting to have cataract surgery won't harm your eye, so you have time to consider your options. If your vision is still quite good, you may not need cataract surgery for many years, if ever.

When considering cataract surgery, keep these questions in mind:

  1. Can you see to safely do your job and to drive?
  2. Do you have problems reading or watching television?
  3. Is it difficult to cook, shop, do hardwork, climb stairs or take medications?
  4. Do vision problems affect your level of independence?
  5. Do bright lights make it more difficult to see?

Risks

Complications after cataract surgery are uncommon, and most can be treated successfully.

Cataract surgery risks include:

  1. Inflammation
  2. Infection
  3. Bleeding
  4. Swelling
  5. Drooping eyelid
  6. Dislocation of artificial lens
  7. Retinal detachment
  8. Glaucoma
  9. Secondary cataract

Loss of vision

Your risk of complications is greater if you have another eye disease or a serious medical condition. Occasionally, cataract surgery fails to improve vision because of underlying eye damage from other conditions, such as glaucoma or macular degeneration. If possible, it may be beneficial to evaluate and treat other eye problems before making the decision to have cataract surgery.

2737 people found this helpful

Symptoms And Diagnosis Of Meibomianitis!

Dr. Anand Palimkar 92% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Pune
Symptoms And Diagnosis Of Meibomianitis!

Meibomianitis is a disease that occurs when the lubrication glands of the eyes called Meibomian glands malfunction. The function of these glands is to produce oil that keeps our eyes lubricated and moisturised. Due to some reasons that we shall be looking at later, these small glands flip their switch and start producing excessive oil or just get inflamed causing Meibomianitis.

Bacteria also collect and prosper on the eyelids in the extra oil adding to the malaise.

So, how do you confirm that you have Meibomianitis?

Look out for these symptoms:

  1. watery eyes

  2. swelling and redness of eyelids

  3. burning sensation in eyes

  4. itchiness

  5. flaking skin around eyes

  6. crusted eyelashes

  7. light sensitivity

  8. frequent styes or bumps along the eyelids typically caused due to excess oil secretion and inflamed Meibomian gland

  9. excessive blinking

  10. blurred vision

  11. loss of eyelashes

  12. dry eyes

Like with all diseases, the severity of symptoms varies from patient to patient. A few may experience only mild symptoms, while others have to grapple with severe irritation and burning.

We suggest that you don’t wait for your symptoms to become extreme before you visit your doctor.

Root Causes of Meibomianitis:

We already know that Meibomianitis occurs when the meibomian glands in the eyelids don’t function properly.

But why does this happen?

The answer is that Meibomianitis is caused by any condition that increases oil production in oil glands. Like:

  1. hormonal changes, especially during adolescence

  2. allergies

  3. skin conditions, such as acne and rosacea

  4. eyelash lice

  5. acne medications which actually encourage the growth of bacteria on the eyelids

  6. A few contact lens solutions

  7. Infected eye makeup

Meibomianitis, however, is not contagious.

Diagnosis and Cure:

When you go to a doctor with symptoms of meibomianitis, he will examine your eyes, focusing on eyelids and the front surface of your eyeball. By doing this, he will be able to identify whether you have blocked meibomian glands.

Next, he will use a swab to collect a sample of the crust or oil from your eyes and send this sample to a lab to be tested for bacteria.

If the test is positive, your doctor will recommend a thorough cleaning of your eyelids with warm water. He may also prescribe antibiotics or steroids to treat your eye condition in form of eye drops or creams applied directly to your eyelids, or in pill form.

Apart from this, you may have to forego wearing of contact lenses and treatment for your acne and rosacea. We also recommend that you go make-up free as this causes a buildup of bacteria and always maintain proper eye hygiene so that your oil glands remain infection- free always.

1 person found this helpful

Eye Infection - Know More About Its Myths And Facts!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Eye Infection - Know More About Its Myths And Facts!

Eye Infection
An eye infection can occur due to microorganisms which are harmful to eyes including fungi, bacteria, and viruses. An eye infection can appear in many ways. It depends on which part of your eye is infected. You may experience a problem in your eyelid, conjunctiva, and cornea. The clear front surface of your eye is cornea. Conjunctiva is the thin, moist area that covers the outer layer of the eye and inside of the eyelids. You may have an infection in one eye or both the eyes. The two known eye infections are conjunctivitis and stye. The problem of conjunctivitis is also known as pink eye. It is a highly contagious disease. Stye is a bump on the eyelid that looks similar to a pimple or a boil. The various common symptoms of eye infection are redness, swelling, itching, pain, discharge, watery eyes, dry eyes, or loss of vision. You should reach out to the best doctor as soon as you experience the symptoms of an eye infection. Sometimes, a delay and ineffective treatment can harm your eyesight. Your doctor will provide you with a treatment on the basis of the exact cause of your infection. He or she may prescribe you eye drops, compresses, antibiotics, or creams.

Symptoms
A person may experience a problem in one or both eyes. Check out various symptoms or signs of an eye infection:

-  You may experience a pain or discomfort in your eye.

-  There can be itching in your eyes due to an eye infection.

-  You may have a burning sensation in your eyes.

-  You may complain of watery or dry eyes.

-  You may experience swelling around your eyes.

-  Your eyes may become sensitive to the light as they may hurt when there is a bright lighting.

-  You may get a small lump that is painful at the base of your eyelashes or under your eyelid.

-  You may feel like there is something inside your eye even when there is nothing.

-  You may have irritation in your eyes.

-  There can be a discharge in your eye.

-  Due to an eye infection, you may have blurred vision.

-  The colour of your eye may turn red.

-  You may experience pain when you touch your infected eye.

Causes
Check out various possible causes of eye infection:

-  Conjunctivitis or pink eye is a highly contagious disease that can transmit easily from one person to another. Daycare workers and teachers are at great risk of conjunctivitis as they work closely with children. This problem generally spread in classrooms, daycare centres, and other similar environments.

-  The other viral infections besides conjunctivitis including ocular herpes occur due to an exposure to the Herpes simplex virus.

-  Fungal keratitis is a fungal infection of the eye and this infection is associated with Fusarium fungi found in organic matter. It can enter your eye in many different ways as in the form of an injury caused by the branch of a tree.

-  Those who wear contact lenses are at a great risk of bacterial and fungal eye infections including Acanthamoeba keratitis. That is why a person should disinfect the contact lenses after removing them.

-  Trachoma is an eye infection that is associated with Chlamydia trachomatis. Generally, the inner eyelid is infected due to trachoma. This infection can spread due to flies in an environment which is not clean.

How is it diagnosed?
Sometimes, an eye infection can be major and at other times it can be minor. There are some infections that get resolved on their own with some care. You should reach out to an ophthalmologist if your symptoms are bothering you for more than 48 hours. The ophthalmologist can easily recognise your problem by knowing about your medical history, having a look at the appearance of your eye and knowing if it is one eye or both. An eye doctor has many lighted devices that help to look at the retina and cornea. If you are experiencing the problem of discharge from the eye then your doctor may get it tested to know the organism. Gonorrhoea, herpes simplex, and chlamydia are some of the common diseases for which the test is done.

Prevention
Check out various tips that will help you to get prevention from an eye infection:

-  If you are with a person who is suffering from conjunctivitis then you should avoid touching your eyes until you wash your hands properly. It will reduce your chance of catching an eye infection.

-  You should use the anti-infective sprays and cleansers particularly in public areas such as classrooms and daycare centres.

-  If there is some family member who has got an eye infection then you should keep his or her towel and bed clean. He or she should not share these items with others. Such people should wash their hands frequently.

-  You should tell your children that they should not touch their eyes without washing their hands.

-  If you wear contact lenses then you should disinfect your lenses after removing them. Contact lens wearers should wash their hands before touching the lens.

-  You should never sleep with a contact lens in your eyes. Make sure that you remove your lenses before sleeping as it increases the risk of catching an eye infection.

Treatment
Viral conjunctivitis or pink eye generally gets resolve without taking any treatment within a few days. In most of the cases, parasitic and fungal eye infections are treated with the help of certain medicines. Check out various treatment options that are available for treating an eye infection:

1.Most of the common bacterial infections get resolve with a quick treatment including prescribed ointments, compresses, or antibiotic eye drops.

2.There are some common viral eye infections that resolve on their own. But if you have a severe viral eye infection then your doctor may prescribe you an antiviral eyedrop. In some cases of viral eye infections, steroid eye drops are used to reduce inflammation.

3.Your doctor may recommend you to have antiviral or antibiotics medicines as per the exact cause of your infection. These medicines are taken orally. If your symptoms get worse after taking some medicines then you should immediately reach out to the best ophthalmologist.

It is important that you follow good hygiene practices with the treatment so that you can be cured at the earliest. You should not touch your eyes without washing your hands if you met a person with conjunctivitis. You must wash your hands frequently. If you are a contact lens wearer then you should use lenses with clean hands. You should not wear contact lenses while sleeping as sometimes it can lead to an eye infection.

Complications
An infection in the eye can lead to many complications. Check out various complications associated with an eye infection
:

-  Sometimes, an eye infection can affect the lower and upper areas of eyelids leading to chalazion or stye.

-  People may get serious eye infections that can affect the interior and deeper areas of the eyes. Such infection can lead to a sight-threatening condition including endophthalmitis.

-  Inflammatory conditions including uveitis and dacryostenosis can occur when an infection invades the tear glands of the eye.

-  There can be a blockage or inflammation in the tear drainage system of the eye due to an eye infection. This condition can lead to dacryocystitis.

-  A corneal ulcer can occur due to an infection in the eye. Corneal ulcer looks similar to an abscess on the eye. This condition should not be left untreated otherwise it can lead to the problem of vision loss.

-  Orbital cellulitis is an infection found around or in the soft tissue of the eyelids. It is an emergency situation as it can spread if not treated properly or left untreated.

 

Myths
Check out various myths about an eye infection:

Myth 1: Conjunctivitis is an eye infection that affects children only.

Fact: The problem of conjunctivitis or pink eye is generally linked with children. But it is a misconception that it can affect only children. As per research, elders are as equally as affected by conjunctivitis as children. It can occur due to parasites, bacteria, and viruses. It is not restricted to a particular age group. So, it is important that every person get protection from conjunctivitis as it is a highly contagious disease.

Myth 2: A single look can spread an eye infection.

Fact: It is a misconception or myth that an infection spreads by making an eye contact. By now, doctors are not able to discover that a disease can spread by just having an eye contact.

Conclusion
An eye infection can occur due to fungi, bacteria, and viruses. It can affect your eyelid, conjunctiva, and cornea. Red eyes, eye discharge, watery eyes, dry eyes, swollen eyes, blurry vision and light sensitivity are some of the common symptoms of an eye infection. You should reach out to the best doctor if your symptoms are bothering you. Sometimes, a delay in treatment can lead to major complication including vision loss. A person of any age can have an eye infection. You may have an infection in one eye or both the eyes.

Your doctor can easily recognise the problem by just having a look at the appearance of your eye. If you also have the problem of eye discharge then your doctor may ask you to get it checked to find out the organism. In some cases, tests are required such as gonorrhoea, herpes simplex, and chlamydia. Sometimes, an eye infection gets resolve on its own without any treatment. But in some cases, you should visit a doctor if you are experiencing symptoms for more than 48 hours. Your doctor may prescribe you ointments, compresses, antibiotic eye drops, antibiotic medications, or antiviral medications depending on your situation.

You should not touch your eyes until you wash your hands after meeting a person affected with an eye infection. You should wash your hands frequently in order to get prevention from an eye infection. Anti-infective sprays and cleansers should be used especially in public areas such as classrooms and daycare centres. Contact lens wearers should not touch lenses without washing their hands. They should wear lens when sleeping. They should disinfect the lenses after removing them.

Many complications are associated with an eye infection that is why you should get your eye checked regularly. An eye infection can affect the interior and deeper portion of eyes. An eye infection can lead to a corneal ulcer. It is important that one gets proper treatment for corneal ulcer otherwise it can to vision loss. Orbital cellulitis is another major complication that requires immediate treatment. People have many misconceptions about eye infection. Conjunctivitis is an eye infection that affects children only is one of the common myths. A single look can spread an eye infection is another myth.

 

2 people found this helpful

Chalazion - Causes And Treatments!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Chalazion - Causes And Treatments!

Chalazion
The eyelids sometimes develop small lumps due to blockage in the oil glands and this condition is referred to as Chalazion. It can usually develop on any region of the eyelid and it is not a serious condition. In most cases, there is even no need for any treatment and the problem will resolve on its own within few days. It is also not painful unlike the other forms of eye infections and you will not face too much inconvenience due to this condition. It is observed that people suffering from stye in the past can easily develop this condition and even advanced stages of stye lead to Chalazion. You need to be careful about this as the Meibomian glands that are responsible for keeping the eyes moist will get blocked during this condition. Even though it does not cause serious complications, it can lead to problems with vision in extreme cases. This is usually due to the bigger size of the lump and it can interfere with the normal vision in few cases. You need to visit your doctor at this stage and get the suitable treatment to reduce the symptoms.

 

Symptoms of Chalazion
-  The most obvious symptom of this condition is the bump that can be seen on the eyelids. It can be formed on one eyelid or both depending on various factors. It is not contagious and it will not spread from the upper eyelid to the lower eyelid.

-  The size of the bump will usually be small in the early stages and it may grow it size later depending on the intensity of the problem. Remember that this is not an infection even though it can be due to other infections of the eyes.

-  It is common to notice swelling of the eyelids when you are suffering from this condition. In the same manner, the entire eye region may appear swollen when you are having a large bump on the eyelids. It will also make the eyelids tender and you can feel the lump when you tough the eyelids with your hands. However, it is not painful in most cases as this is not due to any infections.

-  The lump is also not big enough to cause any problems and only in rare conditions, it can grow big and affect the normal vision. In this situation, surgical removal of the lump will provide immediate relief and there are very less complications of this condition.

-  In some cases, the growth of the lump will be very slow and you may not notice any progress for many days. In other cases, the lump can develop quickly and even grow in size in quicktime. You will only begin to notice the problem when it results in swelling of the eyelids.

-  You may also notice that it causes some irritation to the eyes as it touches the inner layer sometimes and this results in increased production of tears from the eyes. You need to be careful when you wipe the tears and avoid touching the lump with your hands as this can cause few complications in some cases.

-  In very rare and extreme cases, you may notice symptoms for few months and this is the time you need to be worried and get medical treatment. In usual cases, it will be gone within few days without creating any complications.

-  It is also not very common to lose eyelashes in the affected area. If you notice such symptoms, you need to get in touch with an eye specialist and discuss your problems.

-  It can also cause vision blurriness in rare cases and this happens only when the size of the lump is too big to affect the normal vision. You need treatment at this stage as it can create few complications when you neglect the problem for a long duration.
 

Causes of Chalazion
-  One of the most important thing you need to understand about Chalazion is that it is not an infection. However, remember that it can be the result of some eye infection like stye. It is also not contagious and you will not get this from one eyelid to another in most cases.

-  The most common cause of this condition is the blocking of meibomian glands which produces oil and keeps the eyes moist. When it gets blocked, it leads to abnormal accumulation of oil in the glands and this causes the lump on the eyelids.

-  You are more likely to get this condition when you are suffering from inflammation of the eyelids called blepharitis. This condition can remain for a long duration and eventually lead to chalazion.

-  When you are not maintaining good hygiene, it will lead to clogging of the glands in the eye region and this will lead to chalazion in few cases. It is a good idea to wear protective eye gear when you are exposed to dusty environment or working in industries.

-  Some types of skin inflammation can also cause this condition. When you have skin inflammation in the facial region, it can sometimes get into the eyes and lead to this problem. However, it is not very common and not everyone with skin inflammation will get chalazion.

-  Few patients suffering from tuberculosis are likely to get this condition and this often happens due to weakening of the immune system in the body.

-  In some cases, a viral infection can lead to chalazion and this will continue to affect as long as the virus is present in the body. When you are able to control the infection, the symptoms of chalazion automatically subside on their own without any hassles.

-  In rare cases, you may be facing recurring chalazion and this should be a cause of concern. You need to take serious measures at this stage and get proper treatment as it may indicate some serious health complications in the body.

Diagnosis of Chalazion
In most cases, the physical examination of the eyelids will be more than enough to identify the condition. The only task that is important for the eye specialist is to differentiate this condition from other eye infections like stye which also affect the eyelids. However, when they pay attention to the symptoms, it becomes easy to identify this condition as this is not painful unlike other eye infections that affect the eyelids. Once this is done, they will be able to chart the best method for treatment that will give effective results in quick time.

Prevention of Chalazion
-  It is not clearly possible to prevent this condition in any manner. However, you can take certain precautions that will help you to avoid it in future.

-  Always ensure that you maintain proper hygiene and wash your hands before you rub your eyes. Remember that the bacteria and virus in the hands can infect the eyes and eventually lead to this condition in future.

-  For this reason, it is always suggested to use a piece of soft cloth to wipe your eyes instead of using your hands. However, you should make sure that the cloth is clean and it does not harm your eyes in any manner.

-  You should also be careful when you are wearing contact lenses and always buy them from reputed companies. When you are wearing hard contact lenses that last for a long time, you need to store them carefully and clean them with disinfectant before using them. For this reason, many people use soft lenses that can be disposed as this reduces the chance of getting eye infection.

-  You need to understand that having some form of skin inflammation increases the chances of developing chalazion and you should treat them carefully before they reach advanced stages. When you are suffering from such conditions, you should approach an eye specialist and take precautionary measures to avoid chalazion in future.

Chalazion Treatment 
-  The first phase of treatment begins with using home remedies like warm compressions around the affected area. Remember that this condition usually subsides on its own within few days without any treatment and your doctors will wait for this phase in the initial days.

-  If the symptoms are slightly severe, you may be prescribed eye drops or even creams that will reduce the lumps and give some relief in quick time. You will be able to use them for a few days and see if they are effective in reducing the symptoms of this condition.

-  If this is not effective, you may be asked to go for surgical removal of the lump from the eyelids. Other than that, it is also possible to use injections to reduce the size of the lump in most cases. You can choose the best method suited for your condition after discussing the advantages and disadvantages of each method of treatment.

Complications of Chalazion
-  It is not common to notice severe complications out of this condition and you need not panic when you are diagnosed with Chalazion. It is usually a mild condition that does not require medical treatment in most cases. You will often notice that it resolves on its own without any complications.

-  In rare cases, the condition can lead to problems with the vision and this usually happens when the size of the chalazion is very large to affect the other regions of the eyes. However, you will also notice that when the chalazion is removed either surgically or when it resolves on its own, the vision problems also disappear and this does not cause any long term problems.

-  It does not pain in most cases but it can cause irritation in the eye region. It may often lead to teary eyes and you will have to maintain proper hygiene to avoid this condition.

Myths Related to Chalazion
Myth #1:
Chalazion is an infection: 

This is not an infection like stye or other eye problems. Most people confuse this for an infection as the symptoms are often very similar and this condition also affects the eyes just like stye. However, chalazion can be the result of other eye infections and it is also noticed that having stye can lead to chalazion in future.

Myth #2: Chalazion is contagious: 

This condition is not contagious at all and you will not get this from another person. You need not even worry about this condition spreading from one eyelid to another and it only affects the region where the oil glands are blocked in the eyelids.

Myth #3: Chalazion needs surgery

This is completely false as surgery is used only in rare cases to treat chalazion. Even when it comes to surgery, it is not a major one and it is just restricted to physically removing the lump from the eyelids. It gives quick results and you will notice immediate reduction in symptoms after this treatment.

Myth #4: Chalazion and Stye are same: 

Even though they have similar symptoms and both conditions affect the eyelids, they are different. While stye is an infection, chalazion is not and it is caused due to infection in some cases. It is also observed that having stye for a long duration can lead to developing chalazion in future.

Conclusion
Once you are having symptoms of chalazion, you should ideally wait for few days to see if it begins to subside as it usually does in most cases. In this period, you can try to use some home remedies and keep the affected area clean by washing your face. If this is not giving proper results and you notice any increase in symptoms like enlarging of the lump, you should approach your doctor and get suitable treatment. Even your doctors will initially prescribe some over the counter eye drops and other creams to reduce the symptoms of chalazion. When there is no proper reduction in symptoms, they will suggest surgery and this is done in rare cases when the size of the lump is very big and it starts affecting the vision. Remember that blurring vision caused by this condition in rare cases is temporary and it will come back to normal after you get treated for this condition. In this regard, there is no need to worry about long term complications of this condition.

2 people found this helpful

आँख के रोग - Aankh Ke Rog!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
आँख के रोग - Aankh Ke Rog!

आँखों से ही हम इस दुनिया के दृश्य रूप का अनुभव कर पाते हैं या फिर इसके अद्भुत सौंदर्य को निहार पाते हैं. इसीलिए आँखों को इवान ज्योति भी कहा जाता है. आँख के रोग होना आम तौर पर होने वाली परेशानियों में से एक है. इस समस्या के लिए कोई ख़ास उम्र नहीं होती है. ये किसी को भी कभी भी हो सकती है. ये रोग आपको जीवाणु, विषाणु, कवक या अन्य किसी प्रकार से भी हो सकता है. ये रोग आँखों के विभिन्न भागों में हो सकता है. हो सकता है कि ये एक साथ दोनों आँखों को प्रभावित कर दे. एक रोग होने के कारण ये एक व्यक्ति से दुसरे व्यक्ति को हो सकता है. इस दौरान आपको लालिमा, खुजली, सूजन, दर्द जैसी समस्याओं का सामना करना पड़ सकता है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम आँखों के विभिन्न रोगों के बारे में जानें ताकि इस विषय में लोगों को जागरूक किया जा सके.
 

आँख के रोग के प्रकार

हमारे आँखों में होने वला ये रोग मुख्य रूप से दो प्रकार का होता है. एक है कंजंक्टिवाइटिस जिसे हम आम तौर पर पिंक आई के रूप में भी जाना जाता है. इस रोग का असर बच्चों पर बहुत ज्यादा पड़ता है. दुसरे का नाम है स्टाई, इसके होने का कारण है जीवाणुओं का हमारी त्वचा से पलकों के हेयर फॉलिकल पर आ जाना. इसकी वजह से ये प्रभावित होता है.

 आँखों को के रोग के लक्षण
इसके लक्षणों में लालिमा, खुजली, सूजन, दर्द जैसी समस्याएं शामिल हैं. उपचार रोग के कारणों पर निर्भर करता है और इसमें आई ड्रॉप्स, क्रीम, या एंटीबायोटिक्स शामिल हो सकते हैं. नेत्र रोग आम तौर पर आत्म-सीमित होते हैं, और यह न्यूनतम इलाज या बिना इलाज के ठीक हो जाता है. कभी-कभी समस्या इतनी गंभीर हो जाती है कि यह अपने आप ठीक नहीं होता और दवाइयों और इलाज की आवश्यकता पड़ती है.

आँखों में होने वाले रोग का उपचार
अक्सर डॉक्टर आपके लक्षणों को देखकर और आपकी आँख की जाँच करके कंजंक्टिवाइटिस का निदान कर लेते हैं. हालांकि, कभी-कभी संक्रामक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस और अन्य प्रकार के कंजंक्टिवाइटिस के निदान में भ्रम हो सकता है. संक्रामक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस में डॉक्टर इसके लक्षणों और उपस्थिति से इसका निदान करते हैं. इसमें आंख को आमतौर पर एक स्लिट लैंप से देखा जाता है. संक्रमित रिसाव के नमूने को एकत्रित करके जाँच के लिए प्रयोगशाला भेजा जाता है ताकि रोग करने वाले जीव का पता लगाया जा सके.

लक्षण गंभीर पाए जाने पर
जब लक्षण गंभीर या बारम्बार होते हैं. जब रोग की वजह क्लैमाइडिया ट्रैस्कोमैटिस या नेइसेरिया गानोरिआ को माना जाता है. जब व्यक्ति को प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली का एक नुकसान होता है. जब व्यक्ति को कोई आंख की समस्या होती है जैसे कि कॉर्नियल ट्रांसप्लांट या ग्रेव्स रोग के कारण आंख में फुलाव. स्वैब टेस्ट इस टेस्ट में स्वैब (जो कि रुई के फोहे जैसा दिखता है) के द्वारा आपकी संक्रमित आँख से चिपचिपे पदार्थ जिसे म्यूकस कहते हैं के एक छोटे से नमूने को इकट्ठा करके परीक्षण के लिए प्रयोगशाला में भेजा जाता है ताकि कंजंक्टिवाइटिस के प्रकार की पुष्टि हो सके.

कंजंक्टिवाइटिस
इसका उपचार इसके होने की वजह पर निर्भर करता है. यदि आपको यह एक रासायनिक पदार्थ की वजह से हुआ है तो शायद कुछ ही दिनों में अपने आप ठीक हो जाएं लेकिन यदि यह एक जीवाणु, वायरस, या एलर्जी से हुआ है, तो कुछ उपचार विकल्प हैं - बैक्टीरियल कंजंक्टिवाइटिस बैक्टीरियल रोग के लिए, एंटीबायोटिक दवाओं का उपयोग किया जाता है. एंटीबायोटिक दवा से लक्षण कुछ ही दिनों में चले जाते हैं. वायरल कंजंक्टिवाइटिस वायरल रोग के लिए कोई इलाज उपलब्ध नहीं है. यह रोग सात से दस दिनों में अपने आप ठीक हो जाता है. तब तक, सिकाई करने से आपके लक्षणों में कमी आ सकती है.

एलर्जिक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस
एलर्जी के कारण हुए कंजंक्टिवाइटिस के इलाज के लिए आपके डॉक्टर शायद सूजन को रोकने के लिए आपको एंटीहिस्टामाइन देंगे. लोराटाडिन और डिफेनहाइडरामाइन एंटीहिस्टामाइन होते हैं जो केमिस्ट के पास आसानी से उपलब्ध हैं. वे एलर्जिक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस सहित एलर्जी के लक्षणों को ठीक करने में मदद करते हैं. डॉक्टर आपको एंटीहिस्टामाइन आईड्रॉप्स या एंटी-इंफ्लेमटरी आईड्रॉप्स भी दे सकते हैं.
 

Comprehensive Eye Exam - How Is It Beneficial?

Dr. Rajesh Shah 87% (13 ratings)
M.S
Ophthalmologist, Ahmedabad
Comprehensive Eye Exam - How Is It Beneficial?

While an eye exam should be conducted for anybody at least every six months, many people do not believe it to be so important. However, there are benefits to having a comprehensive eye exam. But, what exactly are these benefits?

Eye Check-ups are Indicative
To start with, when one goes for an eye exam, problems relating not just to the eyes can be discovered. As a matter of fact, an ophthalmologist or an eye specialist is quite often the first person to detect problems with the entire body. These problems include diabetes and hypertension. It can be said that a person who has healthy eyes is more likely than not to be in the pink of health! When a person has a health issue detected early by an eye doctor, it can result in easier treatment - easier on the person as well as on the pocket! After all, why go through the pain of more pain and expense before getting it addressed?

Catch your ailments early
It can be said that eye exams are very important for children as having bad eyesight which goes uncorrected can have some really serious consequences. The strain on the child’s eyes due to school work like staring at the board with weak eyes can cause very bad headaches and the situation gets worse. Children usually do not have a proper idea of what normal vision is like so they are more likely to not notice a decrease in the quality of vision. This really does increase the need of eye exams for them.


Eye exams are different from vision tests
Many people are of the opinion that getting their eyes checked is the same as having an eye exam. However, it is to be noted that this is not the same. A person who does not have advanced medical qualifications when it comes to the eyes usually conducts a vision test. This could be a nurse or an optometrist. They actually do not dig much further beneath the surface, so they miss out the critical bits!

Eye alignment matters
The truth is that only an eye doctor knows what exactly to look for when an eye exam is conducted. So what exactly does an eye doctor look for? Apart from early signs of glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy, the eye doctor would look for strabismus. This refers to the alignment of the eyes. When the eyes are not properly aligned, depth perception suffers and this can cause serious damage, especially if a person drives.

Apart from these, the doctor would also look at how well one’s eyes work together and whether there are any age-related diseases.

 

2674 people found this helpful

Chalazion- Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And Myths!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Chalazion- Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And Myths!

Chalazion
The eyelids sometimes develop small lumps due to blockage in the oil glands and this condition is referred to as Chalazion. It can usually develop on any region of the eyelid and it is not a serious condition. In most cases, there is even no need for any treatment and the problem will resolve on its own within few days. It is also not painful unlike the other forms of eye infections and you will not face too much inconvenience due to this condition. It is observed that people suffering from stye in the past can easily develop this condition and even advanced stages of stye lead to Chalazion. You need to be careful about this as the Meibomian glands that are responsible for keeping the eyes moist will get blocked during this condition. Even though it does not cause serious complications, it can lead to problems with vision in extreme cases. This is usually due to the bigger size of the lump and it can interfere with the normal vision in few cases. You need to visit your doctor at this stage and get the suitable treatment to reduce the symptoms.

Symptoms of Chalazion
-  The most obvious symptom of this condition is the bump that can be seen on the eyelids. It can be formed on one eyelid or both depending on various factors. It is not contagious and it will not spread from the upper eyelid to the lower eyelid.

-  The size of the bump will usually be small in the early stages and it may grow it size later depending on the intensity of the problem. Remember that this is not an infection even though it can be due to other infections of the eyes.

-  It is common to notice swelling of the eyelids when you are suffering from this condition. In the same manner, the entire eye region may appear swollen when you are having a large bump on the eyelids. It will also make the eyelids tender and you can feel the lump when you tough the eyelids with your hands. However, it is not painful in most cases as this is not due to any infections.

-  The lump is also not big enough to cause any problems and only in rare conditions, it can grow big and affect the normal vision. In this situation, surgical removal of the lump will provide immediate relief and there are very less complications of this condition.

-  In some cases, the growth of the lump will be very slow and you may not notice any progress for many days. In other cases, the lump can develop quickly and even grow in size in quicktime. You will only begin to notice the problem when it results in swelling of the eyelids.

-  You may also notice that it causes some irritation to the eyes as it touches the inner layer sometimes and this results in increased production of tears from the eyes. You need to be careful when you wipe the tears and avoid touching the lump with your hands as this can cause few complications in some cases.

-  In very rare and extreme cases, you may notice symptoms for few months and this is the time you need to be worried and get medical treatment. In usual cases, it will be gone within few days without creating any complications.

-  It is also not very common to lose eyelashes in the affected area. If you notice such symptoms, you need to get in touch with an eye specialist and discuss your problems.

-  It can also cause vision blurriness in rare cases and this happens only when the size of the lump is too big to affect the normal vision. You need treatment at this stage as it can create few complications when you neglect the problem for a long duration.

Causes of Chalazion
-  One of the most important thing you need to understand about Chalazion is that it is not an infection. However, remember that it can be the result of some eye infection like stye. It is also not contagious and you will not get this from one eyelid to another in most cases.

-  The most common cause of this condition is the blocking of meibomian glands which produces oil and keeps the eyes moist. When it gets blocked, it leads to abnormal accumulation of oil in the glands and this causes the lump on the eyelids.

-  You are more likely to get this condition when you are suffering from inflammation of the eyelids called blepharitis. This condition can remain for a long duration and eventually lead to chalazion.

-  When you are not maintaining good hygiene, it will lead to clogging of the glands in the eye region and this will lead to chalazion in few cases. It is a good idea to wear protective eye gear when you are exposed to dusty environment or working in industries.

-  Some types of skin inflammation can also cause this condition. When you have skin inflammation in the facial region, it can sometimes get into the eyes and lead to this problem. However, it is not very common and not everyone with skin inflammation will get chalazion.

-  Few patients suffering from tuberculosis are likely to get this condition and this often happens due to weakening of the immune system in the body.

-  In some cases, a viral infection can lead to chalazion and this will continue to affect as long as the virus is present in the body. When you are able to control the infection, the symptoms of chalazion automatically subside on their own without any hassles.

-  In rare cases, you may be facing recurring chalazion and this should be a cause of concern. You need to take serious measures at this stage and get proper treatment as it may indicate some serious health complications in the body.

Diagnosis of Chalazion
In most cases, the physical examination of the eyelids will be more than enough to identify the condition. The only task that is important for the eye specialist is to differentiate this condition from other eye infections like stye which also affect the eyelids. However, when they pay attention to the symptoms, it becomes easy to identify this condition as this is not painful unlike other eye infections that affect the eyelids. Once this is done, they will be able to chart the best method for treatment that will give effective results in quick time.
 

Prevention of Chalazion
-  It is not clearly possible to prevent this condition in any manner. However, you can take certain precautions that will help you to avoid it in future.

-  Always ensure that you maintain proper hygiene and wash your hands before you rub your eyes. Remember that the bacteria and virus in the hands can infect the eyes and eventually lead to this condition in future.

-  For this reason, it is always suggested to use a piece of soft cloth to wipe your eyes instead of using your hands. However, you should make sure that the cloth is clean and it does not harm your eyes in any manner.

-  You should also be careful when you are wearing contact lenses and always buy them from reputed companies. When you are wearing hard contact lenses that last for a long time, you need to store them carefully and clean them with disinfectant before using them. For this reason, many people use soft lenses that can be disposed as this reduces the chance of getting eye infection.

-  You need to understand that having some form of skin inflammation increases the chances of developing chalazion and you should treat them carefully before they reach advanced stages. When you are suffering from such conditions, you should approach an eye specialist and take precautionary measures to avoid chalazion in future.

Chalazion Treatment 
-  The first phase of treatment begins with using home remedies like warm compressions around the affected area. Remember that this condition usually subsides on its own within few days without any treatment and your doctors will wait for this phase in the initial days.

-  If the symptoms are slightly severe, you may be prescribed eye drops or even creams that will reduce the lumps and give some relief in quick time. You will be able to use them for a few days and see if they are effective in reducing the symptoms of this condition.

-  If this is not effective, you may be asked to go for surgical removal of the lump from the eyelids. Other than that, it is also possible to use injections to reduce the size of the lump in most cases. You can choose the best method suited for your condition after discussing the advantages and disadvantages of each method of treatment.

Complications of Chalazion
-  It is not common to notice severe complications out of this condition and you need not panic when you are diagnosed with Chalazion. It is usually a mild condition that does not require medical treatment in most cases. You will often notice that it resolves on its own without any complications.

-  In rare cases, the condition can lead to problems with the vision and this usually happens when the size of the chalazion is very large to affect the other regions of the eyes. However, you will also notice that when the chalazion is removed either surgically or when it resolves on its own, the vision problems also disappear and this does not cause any long term problems.

-  It does not pain in most cases but it can cause irritation in the eye region. It may often lead to teary eyes and you will have to maintain proper hygiene to avoid this condition.

Myths Related to Chalazion
Myth #1: Chalazion is an infection: 

This is not an infection like stye or other eye problems. Most people confuse this for an infection as the symptoms are often very similar and this condition also affects the eyes just like stye. However, chalazion can be the result of other eye infections and it is also noticed that having stye can lead to chalazion in future.

Myth #2: Chalazion is contagious: 

This condition is not contagious at all and you will not get this from another person. You need not even worry about this condition spreading from one eyelid to another and it only affects the region where the oil glands are blocked in the eyelids.

Myth #3: Chalazion needs surgery

This is completely false as surgery is used only in rare cases to treat chalazion. Even when it comes to surgery, it is not a major one and it is just restricted to physically removing the lump from the eyelids. It gives quick results and you will notice immediate reduction in symptoms after this treatment.

Myth #4: Chalazion and Stye are same: 

Even though they have similar symptoms and both conditions affect the eyelids, they are different. While stye is an infection, chalazion is not and it is caused due to infection in some cases. It is also observed that having stye for a long duration can lead to developing chalazion in future.

Conclusion
Once you are having symptoms of chalazion, you should ideally wait for few days to see if it begins to subside as it usually does in most cases. In this period, you can try to use some home remedies and keep the affected area clean by washing your face. If this is not giving proper results and you notice any increase in symptoms like enlarging of the lump, you should approach your doctor and get suitable treatment. Even your doctors will initially prescribe some over the counter eye drops and other creams to reduce the symptoms of chalazion. When there is no proper reduction in symptoms, they will suggest surgery and this is done in rare cases when the size of the lump is very big and it starts affecting the vision. Remember that blurring vision caused by this condition in rare cases is temporary and it will come back to normal after you get treated for this condition. In this regard, there is no need to worry about long term complications of this condition.

2 people found this helpful
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