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Gastroenteritis: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

Last Updated: Jan 24, 2022

What is the treatment?

People who are middle aged regularly fall prey to a typical issue that is associated to stomach. Stomach inconvenience or gastroenteritis is an aggravation or inflammation of the coating of the stomach. There can be various reasons that can lead to this issue but most of the time it is caused by similar microscopic organisms that reason most stomach ulcers or cramps. Your own or family's wellbeing history, physical examination and a specific test might be utilized to analyze severe gastritis.

Upper endoscopy is the technique by which an endoscope which is a thin tube containing a little camera is embedded through your mouth into the stomach to investigate the stomach lining. A specialist may likewise counsel a man to experience some blood tests to decide if he/she is iron deficient. Different tests may incorporate the fecal mysterious blood test. Normally, acid neutralizers and different medications, for example, proton pump inhibitors or H2 blockers are utilized to lessen corrosion in the stomach. A man experiencing gastritis will constantly be exhorted by a specialist to stop eating hot and zesty food with lots of spice. On the off chance that gastroenteritis is caused by a disease which is created by H.pylori, he will for the most part be recommended various anti-microbials together with a corrosive blocking drug. B12 vitamin shots are probably going to be given if gastroenteritis is caused by noxious pallor. It will likewise be fitting for a man experiencing stomach cramps to abstain from aggravating food items like dairy products which has lactose and wheat which has gluten.

Can you have Gastroenteritis without vomiting?

The common symptoms of Gastroenteritis include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps, dizziness, and dehydration. However, it is not necessary for all the symptoms to occur simultaneously. Symptoms of this infection may vary or alter from person to person depending upon the type and severity of the infection. In many cases, a person can have diarrhea only as the main symptom without the occurrence of vomiting.

Summary: Gastroenteritis is an infection of the gut, accompanied by symptoms like vomiting, diarrhoea, cramps, dizziness, and dehydration. These symptoms vary from individual to individual. Hence, it is not necessary for symptoms like vomiting to occur in all cases.

How is the treatment done?

Medications, for example, H2 blockers are a class of medicines that work by limiting the amount of corrosion delivered by the stomach. At the point when a H2 receptor blocker consumes the active ingredients contained inside this medication, it goes to specific regions of the stomach cells. These blockers restrain the corrosive discharging cells in the stomach from responding to histamine. H2 blockers keep peptic ulcers from showing up once more. More often than not, the H2 blockers are immediately consumed by the body to give quick alleviation to the feeble states of peptic ulcer.

Here and now multiple treatment methods are extremely compelling in treating conditions caused by Helicobacter Pylori contamination. In a trial did on 65 patients over a time of one week, here and now combination treatment comprising of 250 mg of clarithromycin twice per day, 20 mg of omeprazole once every day and 500 mg of tinidazole twice per day it is seen, that following a month of finishing the treatment Helicobacter Pylori contamination was effectively destroyed in 63 patients. In situations where the ulcer has begun to drain completing an endoscopy test can control the bleeding. For patients who don't demonstrate any positive outcomes even subsequent to taking medications or after doing endoscopy, surgery may be the only option left. These methods incorporate vagotmay (cutting of the vagus nerve) and semi gastrectomy (fractional evacuation of a piece of the stomach).

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Everyone is eligible for the treatment of gastroenteritis. Your doctor may however prescribe the dose depending on your age and the severity of your condition. H2 blocker receptor drugs are also safe for people who are pregnant.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

It is recommended by doctors that people who are severely allergic to H2 blocker receptors should avoid taking them in order to prevent any life-threatening reactions.


Are there any side effects?

The side effects that are commonly associated with H2 blockers are usually mild. These are diarrhea, trouble sleeping, dryness of the mouth, constipation and headaches, ringing sensation in the ears and many more. Severe side effects include trouble breathing, wheezing, agitation, burning skin and vision issues. Endoscopy is an otherwise safe procedure but complications may have the chance of including bleeding, infection, fever, abdominal pain, vomiting and problems of the gastrointestinal tract.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post-treatment guidelines for gastroenteritis include taking your medication as prescribed by your doctor on a regular basis and on time. Keep a check if you are taking any anti-inflammatory drugs or pain killers by mistake as that may aggravate the chances of heartburn. You need to exercise regularly but make sure to avoid exercises that are stressful. Do ensure to keep a tab on your diet. Avoid alcohol, greasy or fried foods, spicy foods, carbonated drinks, and other citrus fruits or their juices. Keep yourself hydrated at all times by drinking water and other oral hydration solutions.

How long does it take to recover?

Depending on the seriousness of your case the recovery period of your treatment can range from a week to 4 weeks. If your gastroenteritis are mainly due to indigestion you can also get better in a day provided you take the required medicine on time.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Medications as prescribed by the doctor for treating gastroenteritis can range from something as low as Rs.50 to as high as Rs. 700. The price of an endoscopy test could cost you Rs. 1500 and a biopsy test could cost you Rs. 250 - Rs. 500 on an average.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

There is no treatment that will permanently cure the problem of gastroenteritis. The only way to keep your gastritis at bay is by avoiding spicy, greasy, dairy, fried foods, and foods which are rich in sugar. Eat meals small in portion and chew them well before swallowing. Do not stay on an empty stomach for a long time.

What should you eat when you have Gastroenteritis?

Gastroenteritis is an infection of the stomach and intestines caused due to an infection with viruses, bacteria, or parasites. It is accompanied by inflammation in the gut and intestinal parts. Some of the food items preferred to be consumed in Gastroenteritis include:

  • Fluids including water:This is important to prevent dehydration. A small and frequent sip of fluids should be preferred.
  • Small and frequent meals: should be taken in the form of plain and easy-to-digest food items such as soda, crackers, banana, chicken, rice, toast, etc.
Summary: Gastroenteritis is an intestinal infection that occurs mainly due to the ingestion of contaminated food and water. Hence, we should be aware of the foods we eat. Taking sufficient fluids and smaller meals are preferred in this condition.

What should you not eat when you have Gastroenteritis?

Since Gastroenteritis is an infection of the stomach and intestines, it is important to know about the food items which should be preferred in such conditions and also which should be avoided. Some of the food items to be avoided include the following:

  • Sugary beverages with a high sugar content
  • Hot and spicy foods
  • Caffeinated drinks
  • Chocolates as well as candies
  • Carbonated or soft drinks
  • Packaged beverages such as soups or broths
  • Fried or deep-fried food items or fatty foods
Summary: Taking care of the dietary intake is important in the condition of Gastroenteritis. Some of the food items which are known to aggravate the condition include hot and spicy foods, caffeinated drinks, carbonated drinks, fried and deep-fried foods.

What's the best thing to drink when you have Gastroenteritis?

Gastroenteritis is caused due to consumption of contaminated water or food, hence diet has a major role to play in this condition. We should follow a proper diet plan to improve the condition. Some important fluids to be taken in such conditions include:

  • Clear liquids or fluids: These include drinking water, coconut water, decaffeinated tea, broth, fruits juices, and sports drinks.
  • Beverages like oral rehydration solutions and sports drinks: These maintain the balance of fluid and ions in the body.
  • Peppermint tea: It is also effective in such conditions.
  • Broth soups: These are the best substitutes during the condition of dehydration as they provide sufficient fluid and electrolytes.
Summary: Diet plays a major role in the control and management of Gastroenteritis. We should prefer to take smaller plain meals along with adequate fluids. Coconut water, broths, fruit juices, etc. are good to be consumed along with oral rehydration solutions.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternative treatments of gastroenteritis are several home remedies that are readily available in the kitchen. These are potato juice (have potato juice pre-meal thrice a day to cure your problem of stomach gas), charcoal (having a charcoal tablet before and after your meals which will greatly help in reducing the issues of acidity and gas), turmeric (have turmeric mixed with milk every day to get the desired results), ginger (good for treating gastric problem as well as indigestion), baking soda (it works as an effective antacid and gives instant relief when you have it mixed with water on an empty stomach), apple cider vinegar, cinnamon, cardamom, and onion.

Conclusion: Gastroenteritis is an intestinal infection that has the risks of spreading through contaminated food or water. Hence, it is important to make some changes in lifestyle and diet habits to control and manage the condition. The use of over-the-counter medicines is another such alternative.


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Written ByDr. Pranjit Mushahary MBBS,MD(medicine),MD - Internal MedicineGeneral Physician
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