Stomach cramps are an inconvenience caused by pain or irritation over the coating of the stomach. There can be various reasons and conditions that can cause stomach cramps. That underlying cause isn’t always serious.
It could range from gas to abnormal growth, infection, menstruation, pregnancy and intestinal disorders. Sometimes infection from the throat and blood can enter the digestive tract and cause stomach cramps. The result could be diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting.
The common signs of stomach cramps are:
Stomach cramps are sometimes an early sign of pregnancy. The pain is the uterine cramps, the reason for this is the growth of the uterus. This pain is normal and expected in a healthy pregnancy.
Stomach cramps are not a symptom of coronavirus. Stomach cramps could most commonly be because of a digestive issue such as indigestion, gas, bloating, etc. However, if the pain doesn’t subside with time, there will be an occurrence of other symptoms as well. These symptoms can help with the diagnosis of the cause of stomach cramps.
Stomach cramps is an inconvenience caused by sudden pain or irritation in the stomach. Here are the various conditions when you experience stomach cramps and know how stomach cramps feel:
Stomach cramps during pregnancy are normal. It usually occurs because of the stretching of the uterus walls to accommodate the fetus. It feels similar to a period and will be relieved with rest, passing gas, changing position.
Stomach pain is a common symptom of many underlying diseases. The reason for stomach cramps at night could be mild or severe:
Sudden onset of pain at night could be because of:
If stomach cramps keep recurring at night, keep a record of at what time the pain starts, for how long the pain lasts, and the before and after events of pain. This will help in the diagnosis of the cause of stomach cramps.
Stomach pain after eating could be because of any reason. It could be because of gas, flu, food poisoning, bloating, constipation, acidity. Hence, keep track of your stomach cramps for the diagnosis.
Stomach cramps, strain, and nausea in the stomach after running could be because of poor hydration. Hydrating before and during running is essential, especially in the long run. However, drinking excess water can also cause cramps and digestive irritation. The prevention is slowly making a habit of drinking water. Before and during a long run, electrolyte-infused beverages can be consumed.
Stomach cramps in early pregnancy are normal. It is caused because of the widening of the womb, hormones constipation, ligament stretching as the bump grows. It feels similar to period pain.
Stomach cramps in case of periods usually start 1-3 days before the menstruation begins. This is called Secondary Dysmenorrhea. The pain is similar to period pain.
Pain during the period is because of the lining of the uterus formed by prostaglandins. Prostaglandins cause muscle contractions and cramps are similar to labor pain. The contractions stop the blood flow to the endometrium.
Whether the level of pain is mild or severe, stomach cramps can have many causes. It could be indigestion, menstruation, bloating, constipation, flu, food poisoning, etc. Some causes of stomach cramps are:
Serious causes of stomach cramps are:
Summary: Stomach cramps are caused by strain in the abdominal muscles because of an unhealthy lifestyle or an underlying disorder. The conditions are mostly treatable at home and avoidable with a few life changes.
The stomach aches that are caused by muscular strains, dehydration, or gastrointestinal distress can be treated at home. However, the severe case of stomach aches and other conditions require proper medical treatment. The treatment would be similar to the following or the combination:
Medications, for example, H2 blockers are a class of medicines that work by limiting the amount of corrosion delivered by the stomach. At the point when a H2 receptor blocker consumes the active ingredients contained inside this medication, it goes to specific regions of the stomach cells.
These blockers restrain the corrosive discharging cells in the stomach from responding to histamine. H2 blockers keep peptic ulcers from showing up once more. More often than not, the H2 blockers are immediately consumed by the body to give quick alleviation to the feeble states of peptic ulcer.
In situations where the ulcer has begun to drain completing an endoscopy test can control the bleeding. For patients who don't demonstrate any positive outcomes even subsequent to taking medications or after doing endoscopy, surgery may be the only option left. These methods incorporate vagotmay (cutting of the vagus nerve) and semi gastrectomy (fractional evacuation of a piece of the stomach).
The following implementations can help in relieving stomach cramps:
The side effects that are commonly associated with H2 blockers are usually mild. These are diarrhea, trouble sleeping, dryness of the mouth, constipation and headaches, ringing sensation in the ears and many more.
Severe side effects include trouble breathing, wheezing, agitation, burning skin and vision issues. Endoscopy is an otherwise safe procedure but complications may have the chance of including bleeding, infection, fever, abdominal pain, vomiting and problems of the gastrointestinal tract.
Post-treatment guidelines for stomach cramps include taking your medication as prescribed by your doctor on a regular basis and on time. Keep a check if you are taking any anti-inflammatory drugs or pain killers by mistake as that may aggravate the chances of heartburn.
You need to exercise regularly but make sure to avoid exercises that are stressful. Do ensure to keep a tab on your diet. Avoid alcohol, greasy or fried foods, spicy foods, carbonated drinks, and other citrus fruits or their juices. Keep yourself hydrated at all times by drinking water and other oral hydration solutions.
Depending on the seriousness of your case the recovery period of your treatment can range from a week to 4 weeks. If your stomach cramps are mainly due to indigestion you can also get better in a day provided you take the required medicine on time.
Medications as prescribed by the doctor for treating stomach cramps can range from something as low as Rs.50 to as high as Rs. 700. The price of an endoscopy test could cost you Rs. 1500 and a biopsy test could cost you Rs. 250 - Rs. 500 on an average.
There is no treatment that will permanently cure the problem of stomach cramps. The only way to keep your stomach cramps at bay is by avoiding spicy, greasy, dairy, fried foods, and foods which are rich in sugar. Eat meals small in portion and chew them well before swallowing. Do not stay on an empty stomach for a long time.
Stomach cramps at home can be relieved by simple natural remedies such as:
Besides these remedies, other methods of relieving stomach cramps are:
If there is no relief from the remedies mentioned above and have the following symptoms, it is best to visit a doctor:
There are several home remedies that are readily available in the kitchen. They are: