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Last Updated: Aug 31, 2020
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Acidity - Causes, Symptom, Treatment and Diagnosis

What is acidity? What causes acidity? What are the Early Symptoms of Acidity? What are Standard Acidity Precautions? How is Acidity Diagnosed? Most Effective Treatment for Acidity What are the Natural Ways to Reduce Acidity? When Should You See a Gastroenterologist for Acid Reflux?

What is acidity?

Acidity is a medical condition that is caused due to excess production of acid. This acid is produced by the glands of the stomach. Acidity causes signs such as ulcers in the stomach, gastric inflammation, heartburn, and dyspepsia.

It is usually caused due to several factors such as irregular eating patterns, lack of physical sports or activities, alcohol consumption, smoking, stress, fad diets, and poor eating habits. People are more prone to developing acidity in places where people consume more non-vegetarian, spicy and oily food.

A lot of medications such as NSAID (Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) can also make an individual more susceptible to developing gastric acidity. Acidity is characterised by a deep burning sensation after consuming a heavy meal. Indigestion and constipation are also common in people who have acidity.

It can be cured by Home Remedies or by consuming antacids and implementing healthy. A technique is known as endosperm also provides immense relief from acid reflux. Common signs of acidity include indigestion, nausea, sour taste in the mouth, constipation, restlessness and burning sensation in the stomach & throat.

What causes acidity?

What causes acidity?

Our stomach usually produces gastric acids which help in digestion. The corrosive effects of these acids are balanced by the production of prostaglandins and natural bicarbonate which are secreted in the mucous lining. This damages the stomach lining and causes acidity.

Other factors which cause acidity include:

  • Consuming non-vegetarians and spicy foods.
  • Excessive stress.
  • Consuming too much alcohol.
  • Smoking frequently
  • Stomach disorders such as stomach tumors, gastroesophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcers.
  • Medications such as NSAIDs (non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).

What are the Early Symptoms of Acidity?

  • Heartburn: A burning pain or discomfort that may moves from the stomach to the abdomen, chest or even up to the throat.
  • Regurgitation: A bitter or sour tasting acid will back into the throat or mouth that eventually makes sores in the spots.
  • Stomach bloating, Hematemesis, bloody or black tarry stool, frequent burps, difficulty in swallowing, continuous hiccups, nausea, vomiting, feeling fullness always, chronic sore throat, persistent dry cough, restlessness, indigestion and unexpected weight loss.

What are Standard Acidity Precautions?

One can follow a number of methods to prevent acidity and they are quite simple to follow:

  • Avoid foods causing reflux: Do not more spicy foods, coffee, carbonated beverages, acidic and fatty foods
  • Split your meal: Do not stick to 3 times regular meal. Split it to 5 smaller portions so that pressure and reflux can be avoided
  • Don’t lie down after eating: Take at least 2 hours to reach your bed after eating, because the food will be back flown into the esophagus.
  • Try to eliminate acidity triggering foods for some weeks, examine and reintroduce
  • Lose weight: Excessive fat pressures the abdomen region, thus pushing gastric juice into esophagus. Try to reduce weight if you are overweight
  • Avoid certain medicines: Some OTC medicines like ibuprofen, paracetamol may induce acidity and other prescription medicines such as Anticholinergics, Dopamine-like drugs, Theophylline, Sedatives, Calcium channel blockers and beta-blocker do develop acidity.
  • Try to wear loose clothes around the waist and stomach region as it could reduce the tension around the areas.

How is Acidity Diagnosed?

Acidity is diagnosed with various methods. Some of these are listed below:

  • pH monitoring: It checks out the acid level in the esophagus. A device is inserted into the esophagus by the doctor; it is left there for 2 days to measure the amount of acid in the esophagus.
  • Barium swallow: It helps to trace out the narrowed esophagus and ulcers. A solution has to be followed and then an X-Ray will be taken.
  • Endoscopy: A long, flexible lighted tube with a tiny camera at the bottom is inserted through the mouth and with the help of the camera esophagus, stomach issues are checked out. It is done with the help of sedation or anesthesia.

Most Effective Treatment for Acidity

Acidity can be cured by consuming antacids that contain aluminum, calcium or magnesium. Many times, H2 receptor blockers (histamine blocking agents) like nizatidine, famotidine, ranitidine, and cimetidine are used. Proton pump inhibitors are also prescribed by the doctor if you have severe acidity. Acidity can also be treated by Home Remedies such as consuming bananas, cold milk, aniseeds, cumin, cardamom, cloves, mint leaves, and ginger.

You can also prevent acidity by avoiding spicy foods or pickles during meals, eating more vegetables and fruits, not consuming non-vegetarian food, avoiding medications such as NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) & steroids and reducing stress.

Sometimes acidity can also be caused by consuming food just before sleeping. This provokes the stomach enzymes to flow back to your esophagus and cause acid reflux. This can be extremely detrimental to health.

What are the Natural Ways to Reduce Acidity?

Some of the natural ways to reduce the acidity are as follows:

  • Almonds: It neutralises the stomach juice, relieves the pain and prevents acidity entirely. Munch almonds when you are in a situation of not taking your meals so that it avoids excessive acid secretion. Take 4 almonds after eating.
  • Banana and Apple: Banana contains antacids naturally that fight against acidity and intake of a few slices of apple before bedtime helps in relieving heartburn or reflux.
  • Coconut water: While drinking coconut water, the body’s pH acidic level turns alkaline and it produces mucus in the stomach. Mucous prevents the stomach from the severe effects of excessive acid production. This fibre-rich water supports digestion and prevents the remittance of acidity.
  • Enough sleep: Go for at least 7 hours continuous sleep.

Also Read: Home remedies for acidity

When Should You See a Gastroenterologist for Acid Reflux?

Though acid reflux is common in all, do visit a gastroenterologist if the symptom is recurrent. This potential condition will not disappear on its own. Untreated acid reflux or GERD will lead to esophageal inflammation, ulcers and cancer too. Immediately consult a gastroenterologist if you feel

  • Persistent symptoms for more than two weeks
  • Decreased appetite
  • Heartburn with nausea and vomiting
  • Unable to swallow
  • Chronic hoarseness and wheezing
  • Nighttime symptoms that affect sleep quality

During your visit, the doctor will examine, esophagus, stomach, duodenum to determine the cause and will provide you the appropriate treatment.

Key Highlights

Treatable by medical professional

Usually self diagnosable

Lab test not required

Short-term: resolves within days to weeks

Non communicable

Popular Questions & Answers

My friend male 26 years. 2 days ago his usg report is 5.7 mm kidney stone in the middle calyx of right kidney. He continued alkashot b6 syrup. Aquazide 25 and nodosis gst. 2 months ago his usg report 3.4 mm stone in the left kidney and 4.4 mm in the middle calyx of the right kidney. He consulted a nephrologist and he prescribed this medicine. Bt this covid situation we can't consult the dctr. Is he continued these medicine? Pls ans me.

MCh [Urology & Kidney Transplant], MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Urologist, Navi Mumbai
No need to worry. These are very small non obstructive stones, if he is not having any significant pain or other urinary complaints then no need to take anything. Just 3-4 lit of fluids everyday and diet modification. Get basic blood workup done l...

Current condition of pappa age: 53 weight: 60 height: 168 cm my dad had 1 block of 95% so we did ptca-om on 10/10/2018. From that day to till now he is not normal and did not able to go to work. Currently our cardiologist prescribed 3 tablets: 1) rosurica gold 10 mg- contains: aspirin (75 mg) + rosuvastatin (10 mg) + clopidogrel (75 mg) 2) escigress cz 0.25 - contains: escitalopram (10 mg) + clonazepam (0.25 mg) 3) rabolin dsr: contains: domperidone (30) + rabeprazole (20 mg) he always says that he feels 1. Some times different sensations like vibration in blood vessels and minutes shocks in heart. 2. Continuous tingling in palms and more in fingers. 3. Numbness, or a decrease in the ability to feel or sense pressure or texture in hands. 4. Heart burn. 5. Feeling of burns in different parts of body like in back on left side of chest. 6. Always feel to lay on bed. 7. Second-degree hemorrhoids without blood from last 20 years 8. Hyperglycaemia sometimes (sugar level on border) 9. He feels that the stent became loose or pain at the site of stent in heart. 10. Always feels tired and weakness. 11. Hyper acidity with a lot of burps. 12. Digestion problem (sometimes indigestion and constipation). 13. Feeling of fluttering in vessels or muscles (now became rarer). 14. Feeling of piercing in back and on the site of stent in heart (now became rarer). 15. Sometimes pain in shoulder, upper back, chest. 16. Frequent pain or burning sensation in chest and upper back. Due to lighten our financial condition is worst, that's why he always takes tension, stress, depression, and burden. He thinks a lot even on a small thing and takes tension of that, his thinking capacity is too high. Irritability on small things. He always thought negatively, never thinks positive. He always blame us that why we did angioplasty, because he never became normal like how he was before angioplasty. He lost his 10 kg weight. He feels that his body is completely damaged from inside. When he hears something bad anything about health of somebody then he thinks alot and applies that's on himself and feels like that person's health condition on himself. He is vaccinated with 1st dose of covisheild vaccine on 12/04/2021.

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Vadodara
Your father's symptoms suggest that he might have post cardiac disease depression and anxiety. With proper medications and counseling sessions, he can definitely find improvement.

I had pain in my esophagus while swallowing food. So I consulted a gastroenterologist and got an egd done. Reports shows mild esophagitis, moderate gastritis with mucosal polyp and h pylori positive. My reports are 2 months old. I didn't complete the antibiotic therapy. I continued to take esomeprazole and an antacid as needed. Since the past few days, I have the same problem of difficulty in swallowing despite taking the medications. Please tell me can something go seriously wrong in like 2 months or is it just inflammation? And should I take treatment for h pylori?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB (ENT), Fellowship In Head & Neck Surgical Oncology, AO CMF Fellow, Fellowship Diploma in Lateral Skull Base Surgery
ENT Specialist, Gurgaon
H pylori treatment should be completed in it’s entirety as it can become a recurring problem, like you are experiencing. Do not worry, consult your gastroenterologist again and he will prescribe the fresh medicines again.
1 person found this helpful

I'm a 23 years old male. I vomited three times last night and had loose motions after experiencing stomach ache. Though i'm not experiencing stomach ache now but I vomited and had loose motions today too. I took ridol medicine for loose motions today. I feel nauseous even after drinking water.

Liver Transplant, Surgical Gastroenterology, Fellowship in Abdominal Multi Organ Transplant Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Do not take ridol. Sounds like food poisoning. If water loss is making patient dehydrated then may need some iv fluid replacement. And a course of antibiotics at the max.

Since few days after getting doctor prescription I started taking unienzyme tablet for acid reflux, I feel bloated stomach and I can't burp properly. And I can swelling around the area where thyroid glands exist. Kindly tell me is there any thyroid problem.

BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
No it can be because of reflux. Still to be sure you can check your thyroid profile from some lab. This medicine (proton pump inhibitor (ppi).) will not cure problem. It only works by reducing the amount of acid in the stomach. The day you do not ...

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