Acidity is a medical condition which is caused due excess production of acid. This acid is produced by the glands of the stomach. Acidity causes signs such as ulcers in the stomach, gastric inflammation, heartburn and dyspepsia. It is usually caused due to several factors such as irregular eating pattern, lack of physical sports or activities, alcohol consumption, smoking, stress, fad diets and poor eating habits. People are more prone in developing acidity in places where people consume more non vegetarian, spicy and oily food. A lot of medications such as NSAID (Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) can also make an individual more susceptible in developing gastric acidity. Acidity is characterized by a deep burning sensation after consuming a heavy meal. Indigestion and constipation is also common in people who have acidity. It can be cured by Home Remedies or by consuming antacids and implementing healthy. A technique known as endostism also provides immense relief from acid reflux. Common signs of acidity include indigestion, nausea, sour taste in the mouth, constipation, restlessness and burning sensation in the stomach & throat.
What causes acidity?
Our stomach usually produces gastric acids which help in digestion. The corrosive effects of these acids are balanced by the production of prostaglandins and natural bicarbonate which are secreted in the mucous lining. This damages the stomach lining and causes acidity. Other factors which cause acidity include:
Treatment for acidity:
Acidity can be cured by consuming antacids that contain aluminium, calcium or magnesium. Many times, H2 receptor blockers (histamine blocking agents) like nizatidine, famotidine, ranitidine and cimetidine are used. Proton pump inhibitors is also prescribed by the doctor if you have severe acidity. Acidity can also be treated by Home Remedies such as consuming bananas, cold milk, aniseeds, cumin, cardommon, cloves, mint leaves and ginger. You can also prevent acidity by avoiding spicy foods or pickles during meals, eating more vegetables and fruits, not consuming non vegetarian food, avoiding medications such as NSAIDs (non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) & steroids and reducing stress.
Sometimes acidity can also be caused by consuming food just before sleeping. This provokes the stomach enzymes to flow back to your esophagus and cause acid reflux. This can be extremely detrimental for health.