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Last Updated: Apr 08, 2020
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Acidity - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is acidity? What causes acidity? What are the Early Symptoms of Acidity? What are Standard Acidity Precautions? How is Acidity Diagnosed? Most Effective Treatment for Acidity What are the Natural Ways to Reduce Acidity? When Should You See a Gastroenterologist for Acid Reflux?

What is acidity?

Acidity is a medical condition that is caused due to excess production of acid. This acid is produced by the glands of the stomach. Acidity causes signs such as ulcers in the stomach, gastric inflammation, heartburn, and dyspepsia.

It is usually caused due to several factors such as irregular eating patterns, lack of physical sports or activities, alcohol consumption, smoking, stress, fad diets, and poor eating habits. People are more prone to developing acidity in places where people consume more non-vegetarian, spicy and oily food.

A lot of medications such as NSAID (Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) can also make an individual more susceptible to developing gastric acidity. Acidity is characterised by a deep burning sensation after consuming a heavy meal. Indigestion and constipation are also common in people who have acidity.

It can be cured by Home Remedies or by consuming antacids and implementing healthy. A technique is known as endosperm also provides immense relief from acid reflux. Common signs of acidity include indigestion, nausea, sour taste in the mouth, constipation, restlessness and burning sensation in the stomach & throat.

What causes acidity?

Our stomach usually produces gastric acids which help in digestion. The corrosive effects of these acids are balanced by the production of prostaglandins and natural bicarbonate which are secreted in the mucous lining. This damages the stomach lining and causes acidity.

Other factors which cause acidity include:

  • Consuming non-vegetarians and spicy foods.
  • Excessive stress.
  • Consuming too much alcohol.
  • Smoking frequently
  • Stomach disorders such as stomach tumors, gastroesophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcers.
  • Medications such as NSAIDs (non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).

What are the Early Symptoms of Acidity?

  • Heartburn: A burning pain or discomfort that may moves from the stomach to the abdomen, chest or even up to the throat.
  • Regurgitation: A bitter or sour tasting acid will back into the throat or mouth that eventually makes sores in the spots.
  • Stomach bloating, Hematemesis, bloody or black tarry stool, frequent burps, difficulty in swallowing, continuous hiccups, nausea, vomiting, feeling fullness always, chronic sore throat, persistent dry cough, restlessness, indigestion and unexpected weight loss.

What are Standard Acidity Precautions?

One can follow a number of methods to prevent acidity and they are quite simple to follow:

  • Avoid foods causing reflux: Do not more spicy foods, coffee, carbonated beverages, acidic and fatty foods
  • Split your meal: Do not stick to 3 times regular meal. Split it to 5 smaller portions so that pressure and reflux can be avoided
  • Don’t lie down after eating: Take at least 2 hours to reach your bed after eating, because the food will be back flown into the esophagus.
  • Try to eliminate acidity triggering foods for some weeks, examine and reintroduce
  • Lose weight: Excessive fat pressures the abdomen region, thus pushing gastric juice into esophagus. Try to reduce weight if you are overweight
  • Avoid certain medicines: Some OTC medicines like ibuprofen, paracetamol may induce acidity and other prescription medicines such as Anticholinergics, Dopamine-like drugs, Theophylline, Sedatives, Calcium channel blockers and beta-blocker do develop acidity.
  • Try to wear loose clothes around the waist and stomach region as it could reduce the tension around the areas.

How is Acidity Diagnosed?

Acidity is diagnosed with various methods. Some of these are listed below:

  • pH monitoring: It checks out the acid level in the esophagus. A device is inserted into the esophagus by the doctor; it is left there for 2 days to measure the amount of acid in the esophagus.
  • Barium swallow: It helps to trace out the narrowed esophagus and ulcers. A solution has to be followed and then an X-Ray will be taken.
  • Endoscopy: A long, flexible lighted tube with a tiny camera at the bottom is inserted through the mouth and with the help of the camera esophagus, stomach issues are checked out. It is done with the help of sedation or anesthesia.

Most Effective Treatment for Acidity

Acidity can be cured by consuming antacids that contain aluminum, calcium or magnesium. Many times, H2 receptor blockers (histamine blocking agents) like nizatidine, famotidine, ranitidine, and cimetidine are used. Proton pump inhibitors are also prescribed by the doctor if you have severe acidity. Acidity can also be treated by Home Remedies such as consuming bananas, cold milk, aniseeds, cumin, cardamom, cloves, mint leaves, and ginger.

You can also prevent acidity by avoiding spicy foods or pickles during meals, eating more vegetables and fruits, not consuming non-vegetarian food, avoiding medications such as NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) & steroids and reducing stress.

Sometimes acidity can also be caused by consuming food just before sleeping. This provokes the stomach enzymes to flow back to your esophagus and cause acid reflux. This can be extremely detrimental to health.

What are the Natural Ways to Reduce Acidity?

Some of the natural ways to reduce the acidity are as follows:

  • Almonds: It neutralises the stomach juice, relieves the pain and prevents acidity entirely. Munch almonds when you are in a situation of not taking your meals so that it avoids excessive acid secretion. Take 4 almonds after eating.
  • Banana and Apple: Banana contains antacids naturally that fight against acidity and intake of a few slices of apple before bedtime helps in relieving heartburn or reflux.
  • Coconut water: While drinking coconut water, the body’s pH acidic level turns alkaline and it produces mucus in the stomach. Mucous prevents the stomach from the severe effects of excessive acid production. This fibre-rich water supports digestion and prevents the remittance of acidity.
  • Enough sleep: Go for at least 7 hours continuous sleep.

Also Read: Home remedies for acidity

When Should You See a Gastroenterologist for Acid Reflux?

Though acid reflux is common in all, do visit a gastroenterologist if the symptom is recurrent. This potential condition will not disappear on its own. Untreated acid reflux or GERD will lead to esophageal inflammation, ulcers and cancer too. Immediately consult a gastroenterologist if you feel

  • Persistent symptoms for more than two weeks
  • Decreased appetite
  • Heartburn with nausea and vomiting
  • Unable to swallow
  • Chronic hoarseness and wheezing
  • Nighttime symptoms that affect sleep quality

During your visit, the doctor will examine, esophagus, stomach, duodenum to determine the cause and will provide you the appropriate treatment.

Key Highlights

Treatable by medical professional

Usually self diagnosable

Lab test not required

Short-term: resolves within days to weeks

Non communicable

Popular Questions & Answers

Dear Dr. I'am taking pantocid 40 last 5 days for gas back pain acidity and nerves pain I am suffering from diabetes and bp but control some time at night I feel very law feel scared due to current situation covind 19 even my immunity system is law please advise me and help me out god bless you.

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I am facing hyperacidity n gas problem for the last one week .sometimes it hoes towards my back n mostly to head so much so that my head starts aching n I start feeling full n heavy .i m taking pan 40 every morning empty stomach n since two days I was getting loose motions do I started with oflox oz twice daily .even then I am having headaches which r because of the gas please advise.

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Mujhe gale me chaale haii. 1 month ho gya pet bhi dard hota hai aur ab to acidity bht ho rahi h kya karu?

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Meri age 26 hai or mein female hun mujhy bht gas problem rehti hai or herat beat bi jb gas ziada ho to teaz ho jati hai please kindly mujhy guide kren mein bht preshan hun is vja se drs ko bht dikhaya but koi faida ni mila ab to sir mein bi dard body mein bi dard rehta 1 saal se ye masla chal rha h.

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Sexologist, Jaipur
सनम जी, नमस्कार । आप अपने भोजन में रेशेदार चीजें ,फल ,हरी सब्जियां ,सलाद आदि का सेवन बढ़ाएं । खाना 32 बार चबाकर खाएं । खाने के 1 घंटे बाद ही पानी पीएं। पानी हमेशा घूंट घूंट करके पिएं। आप तेल मैदा अचार डेरी प्रोडक्ट तेज मिर्च मसाले आदि से दूरी बनाए...

I am 22 years old, I have gas & digestion problem since 3 years. After eating my stomach gets filled with gas. I have to do lot of belch. Due to this gas I cannot sit straight. I am very stressed & my weight is decreasing even I eat sufficient amount of food. What should I do to relieve this problem.

M.B.B.S.
General Physician, Kurnool
Avoid spicy meals and oily food. Avoid drinking coldrinks. Avoid skipping meals. Take tab. Pantop dsr early morning before food and syp. Sucral o 10 ml three times a day. If your problem persists get upper gi endoscopy.
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