Although ulcer in the small intestine and stomach are common in our modern society, but there are no clear evidence to suggest that just fast food and stress are the main reasons for this disease. About one out of every ten citizens globally will suffer from the gnawing and burning sensation of abdominal pain because of ulcer at some point in life.
Peptic ulcers are breaks or holes in the protective lining of the stomach or the duodenum. Areas that come in contact with enzymes and acids that are secreted by the stomach. It has been noticed, that duodenal ulcers are more common than stomach ulcers. Comparatively rare, esophageal ulcers, which forms in the esophagus (swallowing tube) are often the result of alcohol abuse or exposure to medications like certain anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics.
While secretion of excess stomach acids indeed plays a role in development of this disease, in a recent research on ulcers, it has also been found that bacterial infection is the main cause of peptic ulcers. Nevertheless, since mid-1980s there were medical evidences that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria is present in more than 80% of stomach ulcers and in 90% of duodenal ulcers. There are also studies that shows that stomach ulcers are more common in aged people. This may happen because arthritis is a disease that develops mostly in older people, and alleviating the arthritic pain calls for taking daily doses of ibuprofen and aspirin. Another factor that makes ulcers a common disease among the older people is because with advancing age the valve between the stomach and the duodenum (pylorus) relaxes, which allows excess bile juice to seep up into the stomach which in turn erodes the lining of the stomach.
It has also been noticed by experts that people with blood group A, are more affected with stomach ulcers, which at times can also get cancerous. While it has also been seen that duodenal ulcers often happens with people with blood type O. As people who are born with this blood group do not produce the substance on their blood, which helps in protecting the lining of their duodenum.
However, the good thing about this illness is that peptic ulcers are easier to treat, and in many cases can be cured with antacids and antibiotics. There are also several drugs that even reduce the amount of acids produced by the stomach.
So if you are suffering from ulcers, its best to consult your physician, as left untreated all ulcers can lead to serious illnesses like anemia and stomach carcinoma.