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Ulcer - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Although ulcer in the small intestine and stomach are common in our modern society, but there are no clear evidence to suggest that just fast food and stress are the main reasons for this disease. About one out of every ten citizens globally will suffer from the gnawing and burning sensation of abdominal pain because of ulcer at some point in life.

Peptic ulcers are breaks or holes in the protective lining of the stomach or the duodenum. Areas that come in contact with enzymes and acids that are secreted by the stomach. It has been noticed, that duodenal ulcers are more common than stomach ulcers. Comparatively rare, esophageal ulcers, which forms in the esophagus (swallowing tube) are often the result of alcohol abuse or exposure to medications like certain anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics.

While secretion of excess stomach acids indeed plays a role in development of this disease, in a recent research on ulcers, it has also been found that bacterial infection is the main cause of peptic ulcers. Nevertheless, since mid-1980s there were medical evidences that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria is present in more than 80% of stomach ulcers and in 90% of duodenal ulcers. There are also studies that shows that stomach ulcers are more common in aged people. This may happen because arthritis is a disease that develops mostly in older people, and alleviating the arthritic pain calls for taking daily doses of ibuprofen and aspirin. Another factor that makes ulcers a common disease among the older people is because with advancing age the valve between the stomach and the duodenum (pylorus) relaxes, which allows excess bile juice to seep up into the stomach which in turn erodes the lining of the stomach.

It has also been noticed by experts that people with blood group A, are more affected with stomach ulcers, which at times can also get cancerous. While it has also been seen that duodenal ulcers often happens with people with blood type O. As people who are born with this blood group do not produce the substance on their blood, which helps in protecting the lining of their duodenum.

However, the good thing about this illness is that peptic ulcers are easier to treat, and in many cases can be cured with antacids and antibiotics. There are also several drugs that even reduce the amount of acids produced by the stomach.

So if you are suffering from ulcers, its best to consult your physician, as left untreated all ulcers can lead to serious illnesses like anemia and stomach carcinoma.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Belching Pain in chest or upper abdomen. Heartburn, indigestion and nausea,

Popular Health Tips

Bowel Movement - What It Is Saying About Your Health?

Dr. Amit Beniwal 87% (110 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, Masters In Evidence Based Medicine
General Physician, Delhi
Bowel Movement - What It Is Saying About Your Health?
Bowel movement is one of the most important clues about an individual s health, as it gives a real idea of the gastrointestinal condition as well as overall health. One shall have to get familiar with the regular appearance of stool to spot the issues beforehand; however, the day to day alterations in the appearance does not mean that there is a problem with your health as one may notice short-term abnormalities based on what he or she is eating every day. But in case an unexplained change lasts for over a week or so, it is a sign of some strange happening in the gastrointestinal tract. Hard pieces of faeces that are hard to pass: If the bowel movement is straining to pass, then the individual is constipated. Some people think that they are not suffering from constipation, but their stool is always hard and comes out in pieces rather than soft stool that passes out effortlessly. The most common reason behind such stool is a lack of fibre in the diet. According to general recommendations, an adult male must take at least 38 grams of fibre while an adult female must take about 25 grams of fibre. It is recommended to maintain a food journal to track the daily nutrients intake, and in case there is a lack of fibre in the diet, it can be stacked up with whole grains, fruits, beans and nuts. Black or bright red coloured poop: If the stool has a deep red appearance, it would indicate that a part of the bowel is bleeding. In most circumstances, the blood in the stool is caused by the benign haemorrhoids, but it could also be due to some ulcers in the colon or stomach or even cancer. That is why it is extremely crucial to bring it to the doctor s notice. There are different types of over-the-counter medications which turn the stool into black colour. This sort of discolouration is entirely temporary and may stay along for a few days even after stopping the medicine. A loose stool which is not diarrhoea: Loose stool but not diarrhoea may mean that the individual is suffering from celiac disease. Although the illness is quite uncommon, most people who suffer from it are not aware of the condition. The appearance of the stool is the largest and most reliable signs of having celiac disease. Individuals affected with celiac disease are not able to tolerate gluten, and it destroys the villi in the lining of the small intestine. As a result, the nutrients are unabsorbed, and the stool becomes loose. Switching to a gluten-free diet for about 2 to 3 weeks can aid in alleviating the disease. If the appearance of the stool remains abnormal for weeks together, it is important to talk to a doctor to find out if there is something serious underlying. Bowel movement is the truest sign of the intestinal health, and thus, should not be ignored.
1 person found this helpful

How Ulcer In Urinary Bladder Can Be Treated?

Dr. D.K. Agarwal 86% (200 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
How Ulcer In Urinary Bladder Can Be Treated?
Hunner's ulcers, simply put are painful ulcers in your urinary bladder. These ulcers are inextricably linked to another disorder called the painful bladder syndrome or intestinal cystitis. They occur in 10 to 15 percent of people with interstitia cystitis. These, in fact, are red patches or lesions on the bladder wall which can stiffen tissue and cause reduced bladder capacity. Hunner s ulcers bleed, ooze pus and can be of different sizes. The ulcers in the bladder can be extremely painful and uncomfortable. These are called Hunner s ulcers because they were first described by Dr. Guy LeRoy Hunner, a Johns Hopkins gynecologist, in 1915. Since Hunner s ulcers are seen only in people with intestinal cystitis, it s important to know more about this painful life-altering bladder disorder before we can even understand how to deal with them. Interstitial cystitis (IC) IC is also called painful bladder syndrome. Another important thing to know about IC is that it strikes more women than men. IC is a chronic disorder and there s no cure for it. It causes recurring bouts of pain and pressure in the urinary bladder and the pelvic area. This is often accompanied by an urgent and frequent need to urinate. Sufferers may have to rush to the loo as much as 40, 50, or 60 times a day. Diagnosis Hunner's ulcers can only be accurately diagnosed by doing a cytoscopy which involves inserting a fibre-optic tube through the urethra to look at the bladder wall closely. During this procedure, a tissue sample from the bladder wall is usually also taken to rule out bladder cancer. Cytoscopy is usually done with hydrodistention under local anesthesia. This involves filling the bladder with a liquid for stretching it to provide a closer view of the bladder wall. Usually, a urologist performs this surgery along with a gynaecologist. IC and also Hunner s ulcers are both a diagnosis of exclusion. This means that they re diagnosed only after a number of other conditions have been ruled out. Hence, the urologist will first take your thorough medical history, followed by a physical exam and a pelvic exam for women patients and perform tests for ruling out infection, and other disorders like bladder stones and cancer, kidney disease, multiple sclerosis, endometriosis, sexually transmitted diseases amongst others. Only after these tests are inconclusive or uncertain and if there is blood in urine, will the urologist go for cystoscopy. Treatment There's no cure for IC, but Hunner s ulcers can be cured by burning them off the bladder wall. Called fulguration, the process uses electricity or laser to burn the ulcers on the bladder wall. Resection is also used in which skin from around the Hunner s ulcer is cut for removing both the ulcer and the inflamed tissue around it. The problem is that ulcers may recur in the same location. So, managing IC becomes critical. Your doctor can try to treat the patient with one treatment or with a combination of treatment depending on the condition of the patient. Pain medicines are the first line of treatment to manage Hunner s ulcers and IC both, and many patients do go in for this. Patients also find relief by modifying their diet to remove foods and drinks like caffeinated beverages- tea, coffee, colas etc. Sodas, artificial sugars and fruit juices, especially Cranberry juice can trigger intense pain and discomfort, so these are usually contraindicated. Another important aspect is patient education about normal bladder function and tips on self-care and behavioural modifications like stress control to manage Hunner s ulcers.
1815 people found this helpful

6 Reasons Behind Peptic Ulcer!

Dr. Arulprakash S 88% (42 ratings)
DNB- Gastroenterology, DM - Gastroenterology, DNB, MD, MBBS
Gastroenterologist, Chennai
6 Reasons Behind Peptic Ulcer!
There may be times when we get completely drained and fatigued and may feel like our insides could jump out because of the pain that we have in our stomachs. We may dismiss the issue as unimportant or due to a stressful day at work, and may think the stomach pain could be because of the extra spicy food we love to have every once in a while. However, a lot of people may tend to ignore this symptom and that is when stomach ache may turn out to be actually because of a peptic ulcer. Peptic ulcer or stomach ulcer is a common occurrence and happens to a lot of people; however, it must be understood that not treating the problem in time may be troublesome in the long run and increase the recovery time. In order to be able to identify the peptic ulcers and to take the right treatment measures, it may be important for you to understand the problem and know how it is caused, and how it may be treated. What causes peptic ulcers? A peptic ulcer is diagnosed as inflammatory sores on the lining of the stomach or the food pipe, which transfers food to the stomach or even in the intestine. There are a number of factors that can cause inflammatory sores in the stomach region. The factors are as follows: The use of medicines that are meant to be painkillers or anti-inflammatory drugs. The acid levels of the stomach and the food pipe may get disturbed because of these medicines and may give rise to ulcers. In a lot of cases, the ulcers may also take place because of the presence of a tumour or a gastrinoma in the stomach that imbalance the levels of acid in the stomach. High alcohol consumption may also lead to the formation of sores on the stomach lining. Using tobacco or smoking are some other factors that contribute to the acid imbalance in the stomach. In the case of some serious illnesses, a lot of people may fall prey to peptic ulcers. Those who may have undergone radiation treatment around the stomach may also experience ulcers. Though it may be known that excessive pain in the abdominal region may be due to stomach ulcers, it is important to understand that it happens due to bacterial infections, and when there is a bacterial infection in the body, you may have to undergo proper treatment. The treatment for this problem includes the use of medications as suggested by a qualified doctor, surgery in some severe cases, and most importantly lifestyle changes.
2754 people found this helpful

Peptic Ulcer - Signs & Symptoms You Must Not Ignore!

Dr. Chintan Patel 87% (121 ratings)
Homeopath, Anand
Peptic Ulcer - Signs & Symptoms You Must Not Ignore!
Peptic ulcers are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, lower esophagus, or small intestine (the duodenum), usually as a result of inflammation caused by the bacteria H. pylori, as well as from erosion from stomach acids. Peptic ulcers are a fairly common health problem. Causes Heredity Patients with peptic ulcer often have a family history of the disease, this is particularly so with duodenal ulcers which develop below the age of 20 years. The relatives of chronic ulcer patients have three times the expected number of ulcers. Helicobacter pylori This is the most important etiological factor in peptic ulcer disease, accounting for 90% of duodenal ulcers and 70% of gastric ulcers. By causing gastritis it reduces the resistance of the gastric mucosa to attack be acid and pepsin and a gastric ulcer may result. Non-Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDS) These damage the gastric mucosal barrier and are an important etiological factor in up to 30% of gastric ulcers. Smoking confers an increased risk of gastric ulcer and to a lesser extent duodenal ulcer. Symptoms Abdominal pain Hunger pain Night pain Episodic pain/ Periodicity Other Symptoms Heartburn Loss of appetite Vomiting Homeopathic Treatment For Peptic Ulcers Homeopathy offers some very good medicines for peptic ulcer disease. But for a homeopath, the symptoms of the disease are much more important than the ulcer itself. This is because to select the right medicine a homeopaths needs to differentiate between the finer presentations of a disease which, vary from person to person. A homeopath not only tries to heal the ulcer but also tries to remove the general predisposition to acquire it. The homeopath not only tries to find What is wrong? , but also Why it went wrong? ; Where it started going wrong? ; How it evolved to the current stage? etc. To find the answers to all these questions, a homeopath tries to gather as much information as possible regarding the pat and present medical history of the patient, his/her family history, his/her general physical and psychological characteristics etc. This hard work on the part of homeopath not only helps in removing the acute symptoms and the ulcer but also is usually able to remove the tendency for relapse. The on-again/off-again nature of the disease is often removed and the general health of the person also improves as a result. Homeopathic Medicines for Stomach Ulcers Argentum Nitricum One of the best Homeopathic medicines for stomach ulcers with radiating pains Nux Vomica Highly effective among Homeopathic medicines for stomach ulcers where eating worsens pain Kali Bichromicum One of the most wonderful Homeopathic medicines for ulcers in stomach Lycopodium Clavatum One of the effective Homeopathic medicines for stomach ulcers with bloated abdomen Carbo Veg One of the known Homeopathic medicines for stomach ulcers
4 people found this helpful

Dyspepsia - 4 Best Ways It Can Be Treated!

Dr. Bharat Kumar Nara 85% (85 ratings)
MBBS, M.S (Gen Surg), M.Ch ( Surgical Gastro)
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Dyspepsia - 4 Best Ways It Can Be Treated!
From time to time each person tends to get dyspepsia which is basically a mild discomfort in the upper belly or abdomen. Dyspepsia which is also known as indigestion affects millions of people on a daily basis. It s mostly caused by over eating, eating greedily or worse conditions such as stomach ulcer, irritable bowel syndrome or gastrointestinal disease. Medically dyspepsia is defined as difficult digestion that is sometimes accompanied with symptoms such as vomiting, heartburn, nausea and bloating. A treatment plan for the patient is usually determined by what causes the indigestion. Below are some of the treatment options available to patients. Antacids, h-2-receptor antagonists and ppls (proton pump inhibitors) These three type of drugs all work to reduce the levels of acid in the stomach. Doctors tend to prescribe antacids as the first drug which are usually over the counter and require no prescription. In spite of antacids working fast, h-2-receptor antagonists tend to last longer. However, h-2-receptor antagonists tend to have side effects such as nausea and diarrhea. The other drug option is ppls which is very effective for patients with dyspepsia and also suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease. They are stronger than h-2-receptor antagonists. Prokinetics and antibiotics: This medication is usually prescribed to treat indigestion and works if the stomach empties slowly. Antibiotics on the other hand are used when indigestion is a result of peptic ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori. Antidepressants: There are a lot of factorsthat cause dyspepsia. However, if the doctors cannot find any cause of a patient s indigestion and no other drug has been effective, they tend to prescribe antidepressants. This medication is used to lessen the level of discomfort that comes with dyspepsia thereby reducing pain. Home remedies: There are a few studies on natural remedies that can help treat dyspepsia. One of the remedies is to use baking soda to neutralize the stomach acid. This remedy is said to be more effective than antacids. Then there is ginger which while not mentioned to be effective in treating indigestion, helps in relieving nausea and has no side effects. Also peppermint has an effect on how the gastrointestinal tract works and helps with irritable bowel syndrome. However, it does not have a large effect on dyspepsia. Diet and lifestyle changes: Indigestion is mostly caused by what we put into our bodies or eat and one way of treating it is by controlling our diet. This will especially work if you have mild symptoms that do not occur often. It s advisable to consume foods that are low or reduced in fat content and to, avoid or limit alcohol, chocolates and caffeine. You should also get enough sleep. A healthy lifestyle goes a long way in helping to relieve indigestion.
1929 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

A dentist suggest me to do biopsy for my tongue as there is an ulcer since last 10 days. Where this test will be done. Please suggest.

Dr. Bhagyesh Patel 96% (7586 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear Lybrate user, hi Warm welcome to I have evaluated your query thoroughly. A 10 days ulcer does not require biopsy at all. First you must take proper medicines course and then do follow up biopsy comes in picture when sufficient medicines have not cured it Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance at my private URL Regards take care.
1 person found this helpful

As it cause gastritis and irritate the stomach and intestine so is it used in piles while the patient suffering from gastric ulcer.

Dr. Ganapati Sahoo 90% (771 ratings)
MD - Alternate Medicine, PGDIP.IN Geriatric Care, Post Graduate Diploma In Holistic Healthcare
Ayurveda, Balasore
Hello lybrate-user, Thanks to you for your query regarding the acidity and irritable bowel syndrome. Frequent of this will lead to ulcerative stage .Take care of your stomach and intestinal problems. Take some medicine which will solve your problems with reduce the irritation and you will be able to make your digestive power perfect .Feel free to contact me for better suggestions.
1 person found this helpful

Day before yesterday I went to the doctor for some tongue issue, she gave me hexigel and said me I have tongue ulcer, now the upper surface of my tongue had become little brown, is it anything related to hexigel, if not then why it became brown.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 86% (23969 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
The colour turning to brown is a part of infection in the ulcer adn it will go once the ulcer heals with this hexigel.
1 person found this helpful

I have recurring ulcer problems in throat due to stomach heat, I cannot drink anything hot nor milk because whenever I have milk I get these ulcers I have high fever and can not speak my mouth keeps on drooling as well as something while spitting there is spot of blood please help.

Dr. Rajiva Gupta 92% (3747 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Post Graduate Program in Diabetology
General Physician, Delhi
Nitika don’t worry Take folvite orally Zytee drops tds Take Lot of fruits Lot of water and avoid stress

I have mouth ulcers they are yellow in color on my tongue and mouth, and lip also, I am taking Zytee and candid mouth pain with dolowin tab and becasole from 3 days when I eat tab after the pain is low and after 3-4 hours pain again starts ulcers are as it is only the pain stops for some hours I am not able to eat even talk please help me out.

Dr. Rajesh G Chaudhari 88% (692 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Pune
Hi, You are 20 Clear signs of weak digestive system. Needs strengthening of it. Needs internai Ayurved medicines course+nutritional diet+yoga for stomach. Medicines available at your doorstep by courier. Consult online. With warm regards.

Health Quizzes

Be aware of the leading causes of stomach ulcer!

Dr. Parthasarathy G 90% (17 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellowship in Hepatobiliary Surgery & Liver Transplantation, International Visiting Scholar
Surgical Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
If the stomach ulcer keeps on bleeding or continues to come back, surgery may become necessary. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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71 people took this quiz

Peptic Ulcer - Foods You Must Avoid!

Dr. Sudeepta Kumar 89% (120 ratings)
DNB, Surgical Gastroenterology, MS(Surgery)
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Dairy products should be eaten to cure ulcer. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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Surgery For Ulcers- Understand When To Go For It!

Dr. Preetham Raj 91% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Bangalore
Bleeding ulcers can be treated with medications. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Stomach Ulcer - Important Facts!

Dr. Vivek Sagar Pallepagu 91% (200 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Mahabubnagar
Ulcers often lead to serious complications. True or false. Take this quiz to know now.
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115 people took this quiz

Stomach Pain: Myths and Facts

Dr. Bhavin Vasavada 91% (217 ratings)
Gastroenterologist, Ahmedabad
Excess of stress can lead to Irritable Bowel Syndrome . True or False? Take the quiz to know now.
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