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Encephalitis: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Encephalitis is an inflammation of brain condition. The symptoms of this are very mild and flu-like i.e. fever, muscle or joint aches, fatigue or weakness and headache. If left untreated, encephalitis can cause confused thinking, seizures, problems with senses or movement, loss of memory, vision, speaking and hearing problems, breathing difficulties or lack of muscle coordination. The exact cause of encephalitis can sometimes be unknown but it is generally known to be caused by viral infection. It is generally cured by anti viral and anti inflammatory drugs.

How is the treatment done?

After the doctor is through with physical examination and knowing about your medical history, he will recommend some tests to see if you have encephalitis. MRI and CT images will show any swelling in your brain or any other condition that may be causing these symptoms. Samples of blood, urine or excretions from the back of your throat will be tested for any viruses or infectious agents. Electroencephalogram is a test done to record brain’s electrical activity by fixing electrodes to your scalp. These tests will help the doctor in ascertaining whether you have encephalitis and the cause behind it. Treatment for encephalitis usually involves bed rest and consuming plenty of fluids. Anti inflammatory drugs like acetaminophen, ibuprofen and naproxen sodium may be prescribed to get relief from headaches and fever. If encephalitis has been caused due to viral infection, anti viral medications such as acyclovir, ganciclovir and foscarnet may be prescribed.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

You must go for this treatment if, according to the diagnostic tests, you are suffering from encephalitis.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Some signs and symptoms may be due to other medical conditions. They do not necessarily indicate encephalitis.

Are there any side effects?

Some drugs may cause temporary redness, irritation and itchiness in skin along with nausea for a short period of time.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Make sure that you consume a lot of intravenous fluids for proper hydration and maintaining the level of essential minerals. Go for physio therapy if you feel the need to improve your strength, flexibility, balance, motor coordination and mobility. Consume a healthy and nutritious diet along with exercising daily.

How long does it take to recover?

Most cases of encephalitis get resolved in a few days. In case, of severe condition, it may take a few weeks.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

One session of consultation with a doctor may cause ₹400 - ₹900. Ibuprofen costs ₹14 per tablet. The cost of acetaminophen may be around ₹100 per 500ml.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are mostly permanent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are no alternatives to this treatment but you can lower the risk of catching encephalitis by getting vaccinations against the viruses that cause it. Also, remember to wear pants and long sleeved clothes in areas where mosquitoes are common.

Safety: Disease Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: High Time For Recovery: High Price Range:

Rs 400 - Rs 900

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Popular Questions & Answers

Dimagi bukhar (Fever) ka test kaise hota h. I mean kaise pata chalta h marij ko dimagi bukhar (fever) h. Please suggest.

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Dimagi bukhar me patient ko neck stiffness ho sakta hai. Confusion, drowsiness, unconsciousness, vomiting, headache. Blood test ,spinal fluid test ,CT scan se pata chal sakta hai ki patient ko dimagi bukhar hai ya nahi.

What is the main cause of encephalitis? And what is the first aid in case youve seen a symptoms?

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General Physician, Mumbai
Any organism crossing the blood brain barrier can lead to encephalitis and Apart from taking symptomatic treatment we should start with antibiotics after clinical examination.

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Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?