Encephalitis is an inflammation of brain condition. The symptoms of this are very mild and flu-like i.e. fever, muscle or joint aches, fatigue or weakness and headache. If left untreated, encephalitis can cause confused thinking, seizures, problems with senses or movement, loss of memory, vision, speaking and hearing problems, breathing difficulties or lack of muscle coordination. The exact cause of encephalitis can sometimes be unknown but it is generally known to be caused by viral infection. It is generally cured by anti viral and anti inflammatory drugs.
After the doctor is through with physical examination and knowing about your medical history, he will recommend some tests to see if you have encephalitis. MRI and CT images will show any swelling in your brain or any other condition that may be causing these symptoms. Samples of blood, urine or excretions from the back of your throat will be tested for any viruses or infectious agents. Electroencephalogram is a test done to record brain’s electrical activity by fixing electrodes to your scalp. These tests will help the doctor in ascertaining whether you have encephalitis and the cause behind it. Treatment for encephalitis usually involves bed rest and consuming plenty of fluids. Anti inflammatory drugs like acetaminophen, ibuprofen and naproxen sodium may be prescribed to get relief from headaches and fever. If encephalitis has been caused due to viral infection, anti viral medications such as acyclovir, ganciclovir and foscarnet may be prescribed.
You must go for this treatment if, according to the diagnostic tests, you are suffering from encephalitis.
Some signs and symptoms may be due to other medical conditions. They do not necessarily indicate encephalitis.
Some drugs may cause temporary redness, irritation and itchiness in skin along with nausea for a short period of time.
Make sure that you consume a lot of intravenous fluids for proper hydration and maintaining the level of essential minerals. Go for physio therapy if you feel the need to improve your strength, flexibility, balance, motor coordination and mobility. Consume a healthy and nutritious diet along with exercising daily.
Most cases of encephalitis get resolved in a few days. In case, of severe condition, it may take a few weeks.
One session of consultation with a doctor may cause ₹400 - ₹900. Ibuprofen costs ₹14 per tablet. The cost of acetaminophen may be around ₹100 per 500ml.
The results of the treatment are mostly permanent.
There are no alternatives to this treatment but you can lower the risk of catching encephalitis by getting vaccinations against the viruses that cause it. Also, remember to wear pants and long sleeved clothes in areas where mosquitoes are common.