The viral infection is often termed to be a microbial or germ attack, and also commonly named as a flu.
For most of the viral infections, the treatments can only help with the symptoms. While the treatment does take some time, it generally affects the immune system, and the internal body plays the major role to fight against the virus from the body. The antibiotics generally do not work for the viral infections, though there are several types of antiviral medicines available to treat some of the viral infections in human. Doctors generally prescribe some tests like blood test at the initial stage to determine the type of virus and continues with the following procedures.
Most of the viruses clear up on their own within a week to 10 days, but in most of the cases, the doctor will suggest you the best of the medicines available to manage the situation, but will differ from one infection to another, and the medications will depend on the type of virus you are having, like if you are suffering from common cold (influenza virus), the doctor will prescribe you a decongestant.
The viruses at times have a very severe effect on some of the patients and hence the procedure of the treatment changes accordingly. The doctor suggests extra caution, and the patient should be taken care of properly, like elderly people or those who are already being treated for a separate disease or illness.
Patients should consult with a doctor, which will help identify to potential problems and will put your mind at rest. Even if you are generally healthy, if the symptoms are not going away for more than two weeks, or become particularly intense, you should speak to a doctor as soon as possible to rule out anything more serious.
The Viral Infection is a very common ailment which affects thousands people around the globe. The disease can be caused by different types of virus and can affect various parts of a human body.
For most of the viral infections, the treatments will only help with the reduction of symptoms, but you need to wait for your immune system to fight against the virus. Antibiotics generally do not work for most of the viral infections.
There are antiviral medicines available in the market to treat some of the viral infections, though Vaccines can pre-dominantly helps you to fight against viral attacks and can prevent you from getting many of the common viral diseases.
There are several medications which work directly on the viruses, but only works to inhibit the production of such virus particles.
Some antiviral medicines interfere with the production of the viral DNA and some medicines prevent viruses from entering the host cells.
In general the antiviral medications are most effective if they are taken early during the disease on in the course of an initial viral infection or if there is a recurrent outbreak. There are different kinds of antiviral medications widely available in the market which can be used to treat chickenpox, shingles, herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1), herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2), HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, influenza such other diseases.
Most of the viral infections resolve on their own without any treatment. So the treatment of any viral infection primarily focuses on the symptom relief, and not fighting the virus, so the treatment for any specific viral infection varies from one another.
A viral infection is a general proliferation of a virus which multiplies inside the body. There is no restriction regarding as far the treatment of the problem is concerned. Any person with a working immune system can have his/her viral infection treated.
Viruses cannot reproduce without the assistance of a host, so if anybody has a working immune system which can stop the genetic material from entering into the cells and can stop the virus from hijacking the cell's internal machinery to multiply more virus particles in a viral infection.
There is no restriction regarding the treatment of the problem is concerned. Any person with a working immune system can have his/her viral infection treated.
Symptoms of a viral infection generally occur as a result of cell damage in the body which results in tissue destruction and is directly associated to immune response. The side effects can include nausea with or without vomiting, can cause diarrhoea, low-grade fever accompanied by abdominal pain, but may vary from one sort of viral infection to another.
Some viral attacks may cause irritation and the skin can also be infected by a viral infection such as the common wart or chicken pox.
With an active viral infection it infects the other cells and hence it affects the whole system. As the immune system goes through a tough phase of viral damage, it is suggested to give the body a few days of rest.
Acute viral infections are short lived, and the chronic infections can last for weeks, months. The medications and treatment differ from one viral attack to another, but generally it is recommended to rest for a few days post the treatment.
The acute viral infections are generally short lived and typically observed with pathogens such as influenza virus and rhinovirus, and thus the recovery period is less.
On the other hand, the Chronic viral infections can last for weeks, months, or a lifetime, so the recovery time increases. Among the common chronic diseases it include arthritis, asthma, cancer, COPD, diabetes and some other dangerous viral diseases such as hepatitis C and HIV/AIDS.
The price of treatment of a particular viral infection in India will vary from one place to another, and majorly depends on the type of infection. In metropolitan cities the price of treatment is relatively high than in small towns or cities of India.
For common viral infections, like Influenza the price range can be as little as Rs. 100, but may vary. On the other hand the price can go up to a high as a few lakhs of rupees in some chronic viral infections such as AIDS or Hepatitis C. The cost of treatment will primarily depends upon the type of viral infection.
Our bodies are designed to constantly dispel and fight against pathogens, but a weakened immune system or chronic fatigue and physical and emotional stress can often lead to recurrent appearance of viral infections. These can include attacks of common cold, flu, bronchitis, cold sores, genital warts and genital herpes, but if a proper routine and hygiene can be maintained, the chances of a viral attack can be minimized.
Rs. 30 - Rs. 100000
The common reason why most of us get throat infections is because they are viral in nature. This means that if one person gets a throat infection then he transmits it to others by touching, coughing and sneezing etc.
Viral throat infections can be managed easily. There are several home remedies that can alleviate your viral infection. However, it is suggested to consult an ENT specialist if the home remedy is not providing any relief to you.
Ear infection is a disorder which can either be viral or bacterial, affecting one’s middle ear the most. This disorder is painful as fluid accumulates in the ear leading to inflammation. Infections of the ear can either be chronic or acute in nature, the damage is more prominent in case of chronic infections. Acute ear infections can be painful but they usually fade away in a few days’ time.
In case of an ear infection, you will experience pain in the ear. A pressure may develop in the ear accompanied by drainage of pus from the ears. Some severe cases might also lead to loss of hearing, be it temporary or permanent. The symptoms of ear infection may develop and affect both the ears. Fever during ear infections is another common auxiliary condition.
Ear infections tend to occur when the Eustachian tubes in the ear get blocked as a result of fluid accumulation in the ear. The Eustachian tubes can get blocked due to the following reasons –
In addition to the causes, there are certain risk factors which can make one prone to ear infections, some of them being:
For mild symptoms, simple home remedies will suffice. A warm compress on the affected area can reduce the pain. Taking pain relieving medications such as ibuprofen can also help in reducing pain. For moderate symptoms, antibiotics may be required to treat the bacterial infection.
If other treatments do not work, then surgery may be required. Usually tubes are inserted in the ear to drain the accumulated fluid. If it involves the adenoid glands, then surgical removal of the adenoid glands may be required. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ent-specialist.
Is your child getting exhausted after a bout of cough? Does he or she suffer from constant wheezing and tightness of the chest? Does your child feel drained out after climbing a flight of stairs? Do you know a child who always seems to run out of breath and cannot participate in school sports tournaments or play outside for a long time? The child could be suffering from asthma, which is a serious breathing problem. Most children are affected by asthma. Staying in a polluted city just makes the condition worse.
Asthma - Know the disease
Causes of Asthma
Asthma is mostly triggered by asthma allergens. These allergens are mostly pollens and animal fur.
Treatments of asthma
If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pulmonologist.
If stressed, consuming certain food and medications can trigger skin rashes. This kind of rash is called hives. It is also known as urticaria. Anyone can be affected by hives, at least 20% of people are affected by hives at some time or the other in their lives. The itching could be severe or mild. It starts as a patch of scaly white skin that develops into red welts over time. To make sure the itching does not worsen, scratching, emotional stress, alcoholic drinks and exercise should be avoided.
There is no distinct cure for hives. But you can control its symptoms in the following ways:
If what caused hives to break out is figured out, then measures should be taken to avoid or eliminate the triggers.
Cancer or the big ‘C’ can affect any part of the body including the female reproductive system. These types of cancer are known as gynaecological cancers. Gynaecological cancers occur when normal cells start growing in an uncontrolled manner. There are many different types of gynaecological cancers which are named as per the organs in which they first develop. These include:
Gynaecological cancers are more commonly diagnosed in cases where the woman has a family history of cancer or has mutated genes. Advancing in age, exposure to hormones, and diethylstilbestrol can also increase the risk of suffering from such cancers. Additionally, viral infections such as human papilloma virus, obesity and unhealthy lifestyle choices such as smoking have also been identified as risk factors for cancer.
However, a woman may suffer from these types of cancer even if she does not fall into any of the above risk factor categories. Hence, it becomes important to focus on the symptoms. The symptoms of gynaecological cancers depend on the organ from where the tumour originated, the size of the tumour and it’s rate of growth.
Some of the symptoms which may be noticed are:
Gynaecological cancers can be treated by using chemotherapy, radiation, hormonal therapies or surgery depending on the stage of the cancer and the type of cancer. Hence, the earlier it is diagnosed, the better it is. Keeping the risk factors in mind, if the above symptoms are noticed, the doctor may ask for a number of tests to diagnose gynaecological cancers.
These tests include: