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Overview

Genital Herpes: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Genital herpes is a very common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the HSV virus (herpes simplex virus). Herpetic sores, itching, painful blisters and ulcer formation in your genital area are some of the common symptoms of genital herpes. Genital herpes viruses are of two types, HSV-1 that generally causes cold sores and HSV-2 which causes genital herpes.

There is absolutely no permanent cure for genital herpes. Once the virus gets inside your body, you can only use medication to manage outbreaks. HSV virus can remain dormant for years and can also have outbreaks in every two months. Self care and antiviral drugs are the only mode of treatment to manage outbreaks. Once you are infected with genital herpes, it can remain dormant or active in your body for life.

How is the treatment done?

Since there is no permanent cure for genital herpes, the treatment only consist of self care and antiviral drugs. Medications for genital herpes is taken orally and in some cases can also be injected. It is used to reduce the duration and severity of the outbreak. Some of the most common antiviral drugs used in treating genital herpes are Acyclovir, Famcyclovir and Valacyclovir. Some topical medications are also available in the market but they are not very much effective as compared to oral medications.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

You will have flu like symptoms if are infected with HSV virus such as fever, body aches, chills and in some cases swollen lymph nodes. If you are having symptoms like this then you must visit a doctor for a viral culture test or Nucleic acid amplification. It can develop at any age and is generally a sexual transmitted disease.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

All person who are infected with HSV are eligible for the treatment. Even in case of pregnancy there are oral antiviral medications that can be taken.

Are there any side effects?

There are absolutely no side effects of antiviral medications used in treating genital herpes. Patients, who are on medication daily in case of suppressive treatment only experiences some very minor and mild side effects such as indigestion, itching, dry mouth and irritation. These side effects are very common for antiviral drugs and generally last for a day or two.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Since there is no treatment, there are no post treatment guidelines. Self care is the only treatment as well as post treatment guidelines.

How long does it take to recover?

Genital herpes cannot be cured and hence there is no recovery time for this disease. If you are infected with HSV, you will have the virus and the disease lifelong. Only the severity and duration of the outbreak can be reduced.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of the antiviral drugs used to treat genital herpes are not very expensive. Some of the medicines starts at INR 87 and can go up to INR 400.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

There is no cure for genital herpes and hence the result of the treatment is not applicable.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are a number of homeopathic drugs that can be used as an alternative for genital herpes. Some of the most common and effective homeopathic medicines are Natrum Mur, petroleum and Hepar sulph. Ayurveda is also very effective for genital herpes. Some of the very effective Ayurvedic medicines are Kanchnaar guggul, Phyllanthus Niruri, neem and curcumin capsules.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Very Low Timeliness: Very High Relative Risk: High Side Effects: Very Low Time For Recovery: Very High Price Range:

INR 87 to INR 400.

Popular Health Tips

Sores Forming On Your Genitalia - A Sign Of Herpes Simplex Virus

MRCOG, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Sores Forming On Your Genitalia - A Sign Of Herpes Simplex Virus

Herpes simplex virus is a viral infection of the genitals. This disorder can also occur in the mouth, characterized by the formation of fever, blisters and cold sores. The disorder occurs when the body is infected by the Herpes Simplex Virus.

Causes:

Herpes is caused by a contagious virus called the ‘Herpes Simplex Virus’. This virus spreads through direct contact with an infected person. A child may also contract the disease from an already infected adult. This infection may also spread via media such as sharing utensils, kissing or sharing toiletries. Sexual contact with an infected person is one of the primary ways to contract genital herpes. The risk factors for this disorder are –

  1. Multiple sex partners.

  2. Gender: Women are more prone to developing Genital Herpes.

  3. Weak immune system.

  4. If you are affected by a sexually transmitted infection.

Symptoms:

In case of genital herpes, sores form on the genitals. Symptoms include difficulty in passing urine, headaches, fever, fatigue and a lack of appetite. Pain in the eyes and watery discharge from the eyes will be common symptoms if the infection spreads to the eyes.

Treatment:

There is no cure for this disorder. The aim of the treatment is to manage the symptoms and prevent it from spreading. The sores need not necessarily be medically catered to. Certain medications such as ‘acyclovir’ and ‘valacyclovir’ are prescribed to reduce the severity of the symptoms.

Once infected with the virus, it might remain in the body in a dormant state till a long time, in some cases, even a lifetime. However, symptoms might not show up. Factors such as stress and excessive sun exposure can lead to reactivation of the virus. Over time, the intensity of the symptoms tend to come down as the body adapts itself to the disease. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an IVF Specialist.

1984 people found this helpful

Genital Tract Infection - Common Causes Behind It!

MBBS, DGO
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Genital Tract Infection - Common Causes Behind It!

While genital infections are an uneasy topic to discuss and seek treatment for, ignoring them leads to severe complications like infertility and even death. Most of these can be treated with a regular course of antibiotics and some topical treatment when identified early. Genital infections can be broadly classified into sexually transmitted and non-sexually transmitted. Read on to know some more common infections in both the categories.

Sexually transmitted diseases:

  1. Chlamydia: Caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis, it is the most common STD (sexually transmitted disease) and affects about 10% of 20 to 30 year olds. It is often asymptomatic, but in few cases, there could be increased vaginal discharge. Left undetected, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and subsequently infertility.
  2. Gonorrhea: The bacteria Neisseria gonorrhea causes this STD, which is very common. There could be some irritation or discharge, but is mostly asymptomatic. Like Chlamydia, if not treated, it can lead to PID and infertility.
  3. HIV: The most dangerous of all, it causes AIDS, with immunosuppression as a major effect and affecting overall health. The women affected by HIV are more prone to candida and other genital infections.
  4. Genital warts: This viral infection is caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) and manifests as multiple warts on the vulva, vagina, and cervix and can cause cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (precancerous).
  5. Genital herpes: This virus again causes multiple small vesicles and ulcers around the vagina, painful urination, and swelling of the lymph nodes. Caused by type 1 herpes virus more commonly than type 2, it has a high chance of recurrence.
  6. Trichomonas: This STD manifests with very few symptoms and can go undetected for a long time. It can lead to PID and infertility.
  7. Syphilis: Caused by Treponema pallidum, there are 3 stages. The primary stage presents with an ulcer. The secondary presents with a rash, multiple genital warts, and oral warts/ulcers. It then goes into a latent phase and may subside without progression. In some cases, it reaches the tertiary stage and can affect various body organs including the liver, heart, or brain.

Non-sexually transmitted diseases: There two major genital infections not transmitted by sex are bacterial vaginosis and candidiasis.

  1. Bacterial vaginosis (BV): Constant change in the bacteria mix present in the genital area produces an imbalance and leads to altered pH and therefore BV. Pregnancy, intrauterine device, and frequent douching are proven risk factors for developing BV.
  2. Candidiasis: The genital tract usually has yeasts, and Candida vaginalis is present in the vagina. An overgrowth of this leads to infection. This can be caused by use of antibiotics (which destroy the good bacteria), diabetes, pregnancy, and birth control pills.

Early diagnosis and intervention of these infections can prevent severe symptoms in most cases. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

2635 people found this helpful

Vaginal Rashes - What Do They Indicate?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Advanced Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Vaginal Rashes - What Do They Indicate?

What is a vaginal rash?

Although vaginal rashes can be identified with non infectious conditions, for example, hypersensitive responses and contact dermatitis, many are because of sexually transmitted diseases. The zone around the vagina might be blushed with sores or blisters or it might hold its typical shading yet have bumps. Different side effects, for example, discharge, burning sensation during urination, pain or tingling, may likewise happen.

Not all sexually transmitted diseases cause vaginal rashes; the ones that most regularly do are syphilis, genital herpes and human papillomavirus (HPV). Genital herpes normally causes groups of excruciating red blisters that might be irritated. Syphilis might be connected with a lone, painless, red sore on the vulva that might be followed by a rash on the hands and feet. Genital warts may develop as an after effect of HPV disease.

What is it caused by?

It can happen as a result of rubbing against the skin, like from uncomfortable underwear or rough sanitary napkins. These are not harmful and non-contagious. Also, these are usually minor and get cured with home remedies.

  1. Contact Dermatitis: This can be caused when you come in contact with a substance that can cause irritation or an allergy. This is called contact dermatitis. It can be very itchy, but it is not serious very often.

  2. Pubic lice: These are caused by tiny parasites, such as insects that survive by sucking on blood from humans.

  3. Candidiasis (yeast infections): This can cause rashes in the moist folds of the vaginal skin.

  4. Scabies: It is a skin condition, which can get very itchy and is caused due to little mites digging into your skin.

  5. Psoriasis: These are characterised by little red or wine red coloured bumps with silvery scaly skin on top of that. It is commonly found on the knees, elbow or scalp, but it can occur on any part of the body. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

4242 people found this helpful

Sores and Lumps on Genitals - How Can They be Treated?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Yamunanagar
Sores and Lumps on Genitals - How Can They be Treated?

Are you observing bumps and lesions in and around your vagina? These are female genital sores, which may be painful, itchy, produce a discharge, and are very tender. These lumps and sores may occur due to skin disorders. Female genital sores mostly appear as a symptom of STIs or sexually transmitted infections. STIs are considered to be a hidden epidemic, which many women leave untreated because of embarrassment or fear.

Diagnosis of female genital sores
A physical examination is conducted for determining the cause of genital sores and lumps in females. A pelvic exam test will be undertaken and you will have to provide reports of your medical history. Certain tests such as blood work and a culture of the sore may be required as well. A culture involves taking a swab sample from the affected sore and testing it for detecting bacteria. After the cause of your genital sores is determined, an ideal treatment method is prescribed.

Self-care methods
On observing the symptoms of genital sores, you can apply some self-care measures to treat them before you get to visit a doctor. You can try a sitz bath, which is effective for pain and discomfort relief. A sitz bath can be prepared at home by filling your bathtub with warm water, going up to your hips when you get immersed. You should add a mild saline solution or baking soda to the bathtub water. A small basin for a sitz bath can be purchased from a drug store.

Treatment

  1. The method or treatment for genital sores and lumps depends on the cause.
  2. Certain topical oral medicines are used for treatment of the sores and for relieving pain.
  3. Other medications such as antibiotics, corticosteroids, pain relievers, antiviral medicines and several anti-itch drugs are also used.
  4. Some types of genital sores do not need treatment, but you should get them removed if they bother you. A noncancerous cyst is an example of such type of a sore.
  5. The long term outlook for genital sores in females depends on the cause, once again. Sores and lumps caused because of chronic skin conditions and genital herpes are likely to recur. The long term outlook also depends on how fast you get an existing STI treated.

For the prevention of female genital sores, you should practice protected sex by using condoms. This prevents the infection from spreading to the people you have sex with. It is also important for you to open up about your condition and seek proper treatment, if you experience symptoms.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5472 people found this helpful

Herpes - 5 Signs You are Suffering from it

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Herpes - 5 Signs You are Suffering from it

Herpes is caused due to the presence of the herpes simplex virus in your body. Herpes can appear on multiple areas of your body, but more commonly manifests in the genitals as well as the mouth. The two types of herpes are HSV-1 (oral herpes) and HSV-2 (responsible primarily for the outbreak of genital herpes). 

Causes of Herpes Simplex:

  1. Herpes is contagious in nature and can be passed to you by having sexual intercourse with anyone who has been infected. HSV 2 is the primary form of the virus, which is transmitted in this manner. 
  2. Herpes could be transmitted to an infant from their mother if she was infected while pregnant
  3. It can also get passed through direct contact like using the same plates or spoons or even the sharing of lip balm. Even kissing can spread the virus if the infected person has cold sores.

Symptoms of Herpes Simplex:

  1. The presence of blistering sores within the mouth or in the genital area is a telltale sign that you may have contracted genital herpes.
  2. If you are having painful urination then you should check with your doctor for the herpes virus.
  3. Continuous itching in certain areas such as the genitals.
  4. Not wanting to eat, having a fever could also be symptoms of herpes simplex virus in your body.
  5. Herpes can spread to your eyes and is known as herpes keratitis. It can cause pain in your eyes.

Diagnosis of Herpes Simplex:

  1. The common way to diagnose herpes is with an actual physical exam. Doctors will generally look out for sores on your body and may also check for some similar symptoms which might indicate herpes simplex. 
  2. HSV testing (alternately called herpes culture) is done to check the presence of a virus on the genitals. A fluid sample from the genitals is sent to laboratory for tests and will require a visit to the health center.
  3. There are blood tests to look for antibodies for both forms of HSV to diagnose the infections. However, this test is done only when there is and absence of sores or visible symptoms. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
2501 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 23 years old female, I recently shaved my pubic area and now I observe few bumps which might be ingrown hair. Its itchy and painful. I request for an appropriate solution. Thank you.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Fungal infection or Ring worm. When occurs in groin, called as jock itch. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds. It's mostly circular or round in appearance. May be red or black in colour. Treatment depending on the type and severity. Avoid sharing clothes, towels and soap; sweating also increases it. As it has to be differentiated from eczema and infection, its a must to see and confirm the diagnosis for proper treatment. So, please send photos of the affected area by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

Sir I have visited skin a doctor he told me that it is herpes genital desease .Is it dangerous? Can my body immune system finish it after some time or not. Is it some thing to worry about?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DNB, Fellowship in Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
You know it since u visited skin doctor.. Herpes stays and plays with immunity so there can relapses and remission. keep your life disciplined.
2 people found this helpful

I had Herpes Simplex Type One 1 for which I had cold sores on my forehead. Now the sores are gone. However some marks are still there. How to remove marks left by Herpes Cold Sores? Another thing can Herpes Simplex come back?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DNB, Fellowship in Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Hello. The cold sore would go without leaving marks. Wait. And herpes has a tendency to have relapses and remission. Meet your doctor to know after care.
1 person found this helpful

Chickenpox aur hsv same he kya? Mujhe mere pati ka sath transfer na hone k liye me Kaise sex karu. Without condom Kar sakti hu ya nhi hsv positive hone Se.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Herpes zoster and chicken pox dono ke viruses same hai, Herpes simplex 1 & 2 vaise hai magar thoda different hai. Magar sab diseases thode alag hote hai. Agar abhi lesions hai to dusareko infection ho sakta hai

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Female Genital Infections
Myself Dr Ekta Singh, a gynaecologist in Noida. Aj hum baat karenge un infections ki women ki private parts mein hoti hain. Isme bohut ki common hain urinary tract infection, ya hum use UTI ki naam se jante hain. Isme patient ko, baar baar urine jana padh sakta hain, burning ho sakti hain, or pain bhi hota hai genital area me. Yeh kabhi bhi ho sakta hain, kisi bhi age group mein ho sakta hain, aur winter mein kabhi kabhi paani peena kam karte hain to aisa ho jaata hain. Isme hum jab urine test karate hain, routine microscopy and culture, toh isse pata chalta hai ki haan, infection hai. Lekin ye test karana tab bilkul zaruri hota hain jab ye infection recurrent ho, baar baar ho jay. Aise hi agar baar baar hota hain, ya saath mein flank pain ho raha hai, toh humein ek ultrasound jo kidney-bladder ko focus karta hua hota hain, ultrasound ko KUB kehte hain hum, use karana chahiye, aur agar aap ki mother father diabetic hain, ya humein kabhi aisa raha ho, toh blood sugar ka test bhi karna chahiye. Agar paani dher sara piyein, agar apko piyein aap, toh apni gyanecologsit se mile, who apko antibiotic dete hain, aur ____ agent dete hain, aura ap use treat ho sakte ho.

Ab hum baat karenge infections in vaginal tract, jaise vaginitis and vulvitis. Isme patient ko bohut zyada itching hoti hain, redness ho sakta hain, discharge hota hain. Ye alag alag agents ke wajah se ho sakte hain jaise fungal infection apne suna hoga, jisko candida infection bhi kehte hain, yeast infection bhi kehte hain. Isme patient ko bohut thick discharge hota hain, curdy white, chesse ki tarah ka, cheesy white discharge hota hain, and itching is very severe, redness ho sakti hain.

Iske ilawa protozoan infection hota hain, isme frothy yellowish white discharge hota hain aur itching hoti hain, thin discharge hota hain.

Iske alwa bacterial infection bhi ho sakta hain. Iske liye aap apni gynaecologist se treatment lete hain, aur especially agar aap sexually active hain, toh husband and wife ya both partners should take medicines, then results are long term and effective.

Iske alawa apne suna hoga bohut saare sexually transmitted disease hote hain jisme se bohut saare curable hain, jaise gonorrhoea, and chlamydia and syphilis. Inko toh cure kiya ja sakta hain, par kuch hai jinko cure nahi kiya ja sakta hain, treatment ko unka sambhav hain, jaise ki aap jante hain Hepatitis B and HIV, AIDS jisko hum kehte hain, Herpes inko properly cure karna sambhav nahi hain. Aj ke yug mein jo hamare paas therapies hain. Iske liye hum samaj sakte hain ki prevention zyada accha hain. Toh hum sabhi ko apna husband ya partner ki sexual history ke baare main pata hona chahiye. Agar hum monogamous hain, matlab hamare partner ek hain, toh chances of sexually transmitted diseases bohut kam ho jaat hain, jaise ki India mein hum sabhi most of us are monogamous. This is good practice actually. And then we should use a barrier method. Barrier methods humein ek doosre se infection transmission ko kaafi kam kar dete hain. Iske upar agar hum jate hain, toh PID Pelvic Inflammatory Disease ho sakti hain patient ko, jisme humein lower abdomen pain hota hain. Ya hum sexually active hain, toh during coitus, humein pain ho sakta hain. Aisa kuch bhi hota hain toh hum gynaecologist se mil sakte hain.

Agar aap mujhse consult karana chahte hain, toh Lybrate ke through aap mujhse appointment le sakte hain, ya online consultation bhi kar sakte hain. Otherwise aap mere clinic pe, jo ki 61 Sector mein hain, Noida mein, C20 is the address, you can come here.

Thank you.
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