Genital herpes is a very common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the HSV virus (herpes simplex virus). Herpetic sores, itching, painful blisters and ulcer formation in your genital area are some of the common symptoms of genital herpes. Genital herpes viruses are of two types, HSV-1 that generally causes cold sores and HSV-2 which causes genital herpes.
There is absolutely no permanent cure for genital herpes. Once the virus gets inside your body, you can only use medication to manage outbreaks. HSV virus can remain dormant for years and can also have outbreaks in every two months. Self care and antiviral drugs are the only mode of treatment to manage outbreaks. Once you are infected with genital herpes, it can remain dormant or active in your body for life.
Since there is no permanent cure for genital herpes, the treatment only consist of self care and antiviral drugs. Medications for genital herpes is taken orally and in some cases can also be injected. It is used to reduce the duration and severity of the outbreak. Some of the most common antiviral drugs used in treating genital herpes are Acyclovir, Famcyclovir and Valacyclovir. Some topical medications are also available in the market but they are not very much effective as compared to oral medications.
You will have flu like symptoms if are infected with HSV virus such as fever, body aches, chills and in some cases swollen lymph nodes. If you are having symptoms like this then you must visit a doctor for a viral culture test or Nucleic acid amplification. It can develop at any age and is generally a sexual transmitted disease.
All person who are infected with HSV are eligible for the treatment. Even in case of pregnancy there are oral antiviral medications that can be taken.
There are absolutely no side effects of antiviral medications used in treating genital herpes. Patients, who are on medication daily in case of suppressive treatment only experiences some very minor and mild side effects such as indigestion, itching, dry mouth and irritation. These side effects are very common for antiviral drugs and generally last for a day or two.
Since there is no treatment, there are no post treatment guidelines. Self care is the only treatment as well as post treatment guidelines.
Genital herpes cannot be cured and hence there is no recovery time for this disease. If you are infected with HSV, you will have the virus and the disease lifelong. Only the severity and duration of the outbreak can be reduced.
The price of the antiviral drugs used to treat genital herpes are not very expensive. Some of the medicines starts at INR 87 and can go up to INR 400.
There is no cure for genital herpes and hence the result of the treatment is not applicable.
There are a number of homeopathic drugs that can be used as an alternative for genital herpes. Some of the most common and effective homeopathic medicines are Natrum Mur, petroleum and Hepar sulph. Ayurveda is also very effective for genital herpes. Some of the very effective Ayurvedic medicines are Kanchnaar guggul, Phyllanthus Niruri, neem and curcumin capsules.
INR 87 to INR 400.
Herpes simplex virus is a viral infection of the genitals. This disorder can also occur in the mouth, characterized by the formation of fever, blisters and cold sores. The disorder occurs when the body is infected by the Herpes Simplex Virus.
Herpes is caused by a contagious virus called the ‘Herpes Simplex Virus’. This virus spreads through direct contact with an infected person. A child may also contract the disease from an already infected adult. This infection may also spread via media such as sharing utensils, kissing or sharing toiletries. Sexual contact with an infected person is one of the primary ways to contract genital herpes. The risk factors for this disorder are –
Multiple sex partners.
Gender: Women are more prone to developing Genital Herpes.
Weak immune system.
If you are affected by a sexually transmitted infection.
In case of genital herpes, sores form on the genitals. Symptoms include difficulty in passing urine, headaches, fever, fatigue and a lack of appetite. Pain in the eyes and watery discharge from the eyes will be common symptoms if the infection spreads to the eyes.
There is no cure for this disorder. The aim of the treatment is to manage the symptoms and prevent it from spreading. The sores need not necessarily be medically catered to. Certain medications such as ‘acyclovir’ and ‘valacyclovir’ are prescribed to reduce the severity of the symptoms.
Once infected with the virus, it might remain in the body in a dormant state till a long time, in some cases, even a lifetime. However, symptoms might not show up. Factors such as stress and excessive sun exposure can lead to reactivation of the virus. Over time, the intensity of the symptoms tend to come down as the body adapts itself to the disease. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an IVF Specialist.
While genital infections are an uneasy topic to discuss and seek treatment for, ignoring them leads to severe complications like infertility and even death. Most of these can be treated with a regular course of antibiotics and some topical treatment when identified early. Genital infections can be broadly classified into sexually transmitted and non-sexually transmitted. Read on to know some more common infections in both the categories.
Sexually transmitted diseases:
Non-sexually transmitted diseases: There two major genital infections not transmitted by sex are bacterial vaginosis and candidiasis.
Early diagnosis and intervention of these infections can prevent severe symptoms in most cases. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.
What is a vaginal rash?
Although vaginal rashes can be identified with non infectious conditions, for example, hypersensitive responses and contact dermatitis, many are because of sexually transmitted diseases. The zone around the vagina might be blushed with sores or blisters or it might hold its typical shading yet have bumps. Different side effects, for example, discharge, burning sensation during urination, pain or tingling, may likewise happen.
Not all sexually transmitted diseases cause vaginal rashes; the ones that most regularly do are syphilis, genital herpes and human papillomavirus (HPV). Genital herpes normally causes groups of excruciating red blisters that might be irritated. Syphilis might be connected with a lone, painless, red sore on the vulva that might be followed by a rash on the hands and feet. Genital warts may develop as an after effect of HPV disease.
What is it caused by?
It can happen as a result of rubbing against the skin, like from uncomfortable underwear or rough sanitary napkins. These are not harmful and non-contagious. Also, these are usually minor and get cured with home remedies.
Contact Dermatitis: This can be caused when you come in contact with a substance that can cause irritation or an allergy. This is called contact dermatitis. It can be very itchy, but it is not serious very often.
Pubic lice: These are caused by tiny parasites, such as insects that survive by sucking on blood from humans.
Candidiasis (yeast infections): This can cause rashes in the moist folds of the vaginal skin.
Scabies: It is a skin condition, which can get very itchy and is caused due to little mites digging into your skin.
Psoriasis: These are characterised by little red or wine red coloured bumps with silvery scaly skin on top of that. It is commonly found on the knees, elbow or scalp, but it can occur on any part of the body. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.
Are you observing bumps and lesions in and around your vagina? These are female genital sores, which may be painful, itchy, produce a discharge, and are very tender. These lumps and sores may occur due to skin disorders. Female genital sores mostly appear as a symptom of STIs or sexually transmitted infections. STIs are considered to be a hidden epidemic, which many women leave untreated because of embarrassment or fear.
Diagnosis of female genital sores
A physical examination is conducted for determining the cause of genital sores and lumps in females. A pelvic exam test will be undertaken and you will have to provide reports of your medical history. Certain tests such as blood work and a culture of the sore may be required as well. A culture involves taking a swab sample from the affected sore and testing it for detecting bacteria. After the cause of your genital sores is determined, an ideal treatment method is prescribed.
On observing the symptoms of genital sores, you can apply some self-care measures to treat them before you get to visit a doctor. You can try a sitz bath, which is effective for pain and discomfort relief. A sitz bath can be prepared at home by filling your bathtub with warm water, going up to your hips when you get immersed. You should add a mild saline solution or baking soda to the bathtub water. A small basin for a sitz bath can be purchased from a drug store.
For the prevention of female genital sores, you should practice protected sex by using condoms. This prevents the infection from spreading to the people you have sex with. It is also important for you to open up about your condition and seek proper treatment, if you experience symptoms.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Herpes is caused due to the presence of the herpes simplex virus in your body. Herpes can appear on multiple areas of your body, but more commonly manifests in the genitals as well as the mouth. The two types of herpes are HSV-1 (oral herpes) and HSV-2 (responsible primarily for the outbreak of genital herpes).
Causes of Herpes Simplex:
Symptoms of Herpes Simplex:
Diagnosis of Herpes Simplex: