Human papillomavirus, a sexually transmitted virus cause infection in many people who experience sex at a very early age or have sex with a partner having many partners or have many sex partners and it often gets cleared up without any treatment, without making people fall sick. There are 100 different types of HPV and most of them do not cause serious health issue. In case they persist and cause problems like genital warts, leading to cancer or even precancerous changes, then the symptoms might require treatment. Women may be prescribed to take some tests like Pap test to do a follow up of the affected cells. The analysis tests the presence of there are abnormal changes in the cells due to HPV infection, it could lead to cervical cancer which will need treatment or cervical dysplasia which is a precancerous cell change or another cell defect called cervical entraepitheial neoplasis, both of which get healed on their own. For treatment of these abnormal cells some methods like conisation, laser therapy, loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) or cryotherapy are used on people. If the infection by HPV type 6 and 11 causes some raised or flat growths on your scrotum or cervix or thigh or groin or on the penis or anus, they are called genital warts and can be treated using Podofilox or Imiquimod cream or Podophylin and trichloroacetic acid, surgical removal.
Only if HPV causes genital warts or cancer in the cervix or anus or penis of individuals, appropriate treatment would be required. To treat genital warts medications like podofilox, podophylin, imiquimod and trichloroacetic acid can be used. Surgical interventions like cryotherapy would involve freezing of the virus infected cells with liquid nitrogen thereby inhibiting their functions by forming a blister around the warts, burning the abnormal cells with electric current, surgical removal of the cells with the help of a scalpel, laser therapy to remove infected cells using intense light rays and LEEP technique is used wherein the abnormal cells are discarded with an electric current. Imiquimod (Zyclara, Aldara) works by boosting up the immune system helping to fight the HPV, podofilox and podophyllin simply destroy the genital wart tissues. In case of cervical cancer also, if the cells are present only on the upper layers and have not migrated into the deeper layers the same surgical treatments can be applied as in case of genital warts. Only if the cancer recurs after other treatments, simple hysterectomy is carried out. Radiation therapy like high dose X-rays is also used to destroy cancer cells, chemotherapy is a common treatment for getting rid of cancer cells. HPV can also cause penile cancer in some men and the treatments include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and biologic therapy. Surgery can be performed by cutting the tumor from the skin in thin layers using a microscope or by using laser beam to cut the lesions, circumcision that removes the affected foreskin of the penis or even by amputating partial or the whole penis. Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays or may be other types of rays to inhibit the growth of cancer cells, chemotherapy uses drugs to kill or stop the cancer cells form growing.
Treatment can be given to patients only with visible warts eliminating as many lesions as possible. HIV positive patients or immunosuppressed patients require other treatment methods too for complete eradication. Pregnant women with HPV infection are also eligible for treatment using keratolytics and cryotherapy, even surgical excisions in some.
People who do not have visible genital warts are of course not eligible for the respective treatment. If there is presence of mucosal human papillomavirus (HPV) or subclinical anogenital HPV, but there is no co-existence of dysplasia, then treatment cannot be recommended. This is because the latent virus present in the healthy skin beside the lesion may get activated by the treatment causing the condition to recur. Pregnant women cannot be treated with medications like podophyllin, 5-flurouracil and interferon.
There are side-effects of medication and surgery of genital warts. Application of Imiquimod (Aldara) causes redness of the skin along with blisters, body aches, fatigue, rashes and cough. Sinecatechins (Veregan) have side effects on the skin causing reddening, burning, pain and itching. Podophyllin and podofilox can cause mild skin irritation, aches and sores. Also, if too much of the ointment is used or is not let air dried, it could spread to other areas and thereby cause side effects. Laser treatment can cause swelling, itching or pain in the affected area, sores in the treated area, scarring and shedding of tissues, discharge from vagina or penis and even tissues that stick together. Post-surgery you can expect a fever, a severe pain or bleeding continuing for about a week or a foul smell with a yellow discharge thereby giving rise to an infection.
Once your warts are treated you need to develop a few good habits to avoid their come back. The foremost step is to maintain proper hygiene, keep the area clean and avoid scratching it. If the area feels swollen or if it hurts then a cold pack may soothe it or over-the-counter medicine can also be taken. You should also wash your hands each time you touch your genital warts and lastly avoid sex if you feel uncomfortable and till they are completely gone. Women must regularly go for Pap tests and should be checked whether vaccine has been taken or not.
It takes about several weeks to months or even year to completely recover and totally get rid of the warts but they may also relapse which occurs more often. Some people can never get cleared of them in their life. The cancer also takes years to heal completely.
The normal consultation fees for treatment of genital warts ranges between Rs.200 to Rs.2000. The treatment involves certain tests like PAP Test and HPV Test wherein PAP Test is charged somewhere around Rs. 200 to Rs. 1,500 and the HPV Test cost around Rs.2,000. 12.5 mg of Imiquimod cream cost around Rs. 268. Cost of Cervical cancer treatment ranges between about Rs. 3 lakh to Rs. 5 lakh.
The results for genital warts treatment are usually not permanent and have more than 50% chance of getting relapsed. Cervical and penile cancer treatments are generally permanent. But, as the virus cannot be eradicated easily, the condition can prevail.
If the symptoms of your HPV or the genital warts are not very prominent and do not cause you much discomfort it is not necessary to get a treatment done. You can maintain simple hygiene, abstain from sexual contact, always use barrier protection like condoms while sex, wash hands every time you touch the warts and avoid rubbing the affected area.
Rs. 300 to Rs.10,000
Human Papillomavirus is a disease caused by the sexually transmitted virus leading to cervical cancer and genital warts. It is estimated that as many as ten million people fall prey to this disease every year. While there are more than 100 varieties of HPV, there are close to 30 viruses that spread through sexual transmission. There are many Human Papillomaviruses that can affect the ability of a woman’s ability to get pregnant. There are viruses that can affect pregnancy as well. It is, therefore, important to understand the impact of Human Papillomavirus during pregnancy.
How does HPV affect a person during pregnancy?
It is not very difficult to get pregnant with Human Papillomavirus. However, there is an increased risk of the disease getting passed to the partner. A doctor should be consulted before conceiving. If a person is already suffering from HPV, she has a rising estrogen level that could make genital warts become larger bleed or even multiply very quickly. Since there is a greater tendency of infection and bleeding, doctors often recommend not to remove warts during pregnancy. If a person is suffering from HPV without any symptoms, the chances of pregnancy getting compromised are less likely.
How could HPV affect the baby?
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is one the most common sexually transmitted virus and an HPV vaccination protect you against this virus. It is estimated that HP infects at least 50% of the population during their sexually active phase. Although the virus is not a deadly type of a virus asit goes away on its own, in some cases, it can lead to anal, throat cancers and genital warts as well.
The common vaccine
Gardasil is the common form of HPV vaccine that is routinely given for such conditions. It is given to people who’re between the age group of 9 and 26. HPV vaccine is not fool-proof as these don’t work effectively against all types of HPV. But, these vaccines are effective against the high-risk strains that account for nearly 75% of all cervical cancers. The vaccine is also effective against the cancer of the vagina and vulva.
The correct dose
The vaccine has a virus-like strain but it is not the actual virus. The patient is given three doses over a period of six months, and there are no side effects associated with it, apart from giddiness and instances of fainting spells (in some cases). However, these are only passing phases and should disappear in some time.
It’s always advisable that you consult a well-trusted doctor before going for one of such vaccines. Thanks to marketing gimmicks, many people can be misguided into this, so it’s always better to know if you’re the right person for this or not. Check your report with a doctor, and then decide. Recently, Gardasil 9 was approved by the medical associations and this strain of vaccine is far more effective than its counterparts.
Above all the vaccination should not be taken without consulting your gynaecologist.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
We live in an age where every single individual, more or less, is exposed to the risk of cancer. It is probably an unfavorable lifestyle we lead that deprives us of good health. This might alarm many but considerable changes in lifestyle can help you realize cancer as a preventable disease. Cancer does not only make you undergo severe suffering but it also affects your friends and family. The pallor of misery spreads wider than you think.
What is a vaginal rash?
Although vaginal rashes can be identified with non infectious conditions, for example, hypersensitive responses and contact dermatitis, many are because of sexually transmitted diseases. The zone around the vagina might be blushed with sores or blisters or it might hold its typical shading yet have bumps. Different side effects, for example, discharge, burning sensation during urination, pain or tingling, may likewise happen.
Not all sexually transmitted diseases cause vaginal rashes; the ones that most regularly do are syphilis, genital herpes and human papillomavirus (HPV). Genital herpes normally causes groups of excruciating red blisters that might be irritated. Syphilis might be connected with a lone, painless, red sore on the vulva that might be followed by a rash on the hands and feet. Genital warts may develop as an after effect of HPV disease.
What is it caused by?
It can happen as a result of rubbing against the skin, like from uncomfortable underwear or rough sanitary napkins. These are not harmful and non-contagious. Also, these are usually minor and get cured with home remedies.
Contact Dermatitis: This can be caused when you come in contact with a substance that can cause irritation or an allergy. This is called contact dermatitis. It can be very itchy, but it is not serious very often.
Pubic lice: These are caused by tiny parasites, such as insects that survive by sucking on blood from humans.
Candidiasis (yeast infections): This can cause rashes in the moist folds of the vaginal skin.
Scabies: It is a skin condition, which can get very itchy and is caused due to little mites digging into your skin.
Psoriasis: These are characterised by little red or wine red coloured bumps with silvery scaly skin on top of that. It is commonly found on the knees, elbow or scalp, but it can occur on any part of the body. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.
Cancer, the name itself sends chills down the spine! But every time we hear someone has cancer, though we feel sorry for them, we never think it could happen to us. But even though the probability of it may not be high at all, a disease that is rare can still hit you like a bolt from the blue! This is exactly the case with anal cancer, which is a very rare form of cancer. But, since the rates of its incidence are rising, it is well worth learning a few things about it.
Who is at Risk?
While it is unlikely that a person will contract anal cancer over the course of his life, asking himself a few questions about it so as to assess the risk he or she is at makes sense. To start off, age is an important factor. If a person is somewhere between middle age and old age, there is a far greater risk of anal cancer than a person who is not.
A person can easily reduce the risk of contracting anal cancer quite dramatically by doing something which is quite simple: refraining from anal sexual activity. This goes a rather long way as it means that a person is at a much lower risk of contracting HIV or HPV. HPV is far more common and affects most adults in sexual contact with each other. That being said, it is usually the type 16 variant of HPV which is linked to anal cancer. In order to reduce the chance of this, making good use of condoms is a very good idea but this does not eliminate the risk of transmission of HPV.
Smoking a cigarette may be great for a person to obtain a little bit of mental peace, but it has a really disastrous effect on the prospects of developing anal cancer at the same time. The chemicals that the body takes in are as harmful as they affect so many body tissues. There are many reasons to quit smoking but the fact that smokers have an eight time higher risk of developing anal cancer is probably among the good ones!
If a person is suffering from low immunity, it is quite possible that he or she is at a higher risk of developing the cancer, at least on a relative basis. This is because the ability of the body to fight back is lower. A person is especially weak after an organ transplant has taken place and if a person has HIV it further increases his or her risk of developing anal cancer.
Now, cutting the risk of anal cancer also involves possibly getting an HPV vaccination. The doctor is the person to talk to regarding this! When the risk of anal cancer is anyway minimal, it makes sense to cut it even further, by following a fit and healthy lifestyle.