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HPV Tips

Reasons Why You Should Vaccinate Against HPV

Sexologist
Sexologist, Delhi
Reasons Why You Should Vaccinate Against HPV

HPV refers to Human Papillomavirus. This is a common virus, which has got more than 100 different types and over 40 of these types are transmitted sexually. This virus may cause cervical cancer and cases of genital warts. It is likely to occur in people who are sexually active to contract genital HPV, and it is not accompanied by any signs or symptoms. The virus is transmitted via skin to skin contact and is severely infectious in nature. Using condoms may reduce the risk of spreading of this virus, but is not always successful.

There are two major vaccines for HPV.

  1. GardasilThis vaccine prevents the most common HPVs which are associated with genital and anal cancer, and also warts of both genital and anal type.
  2. CervarixThis type of vaccine prevents HPV associated with the occurrence of cervical cancer.

Reasons for vaccination against HPV

HPV vaccines are recommended to girls between 11 and 12 years. It is also given to girls and women between the age of 13 and 26 years, who have never been vaccinated against HPC before. These vaccines should be given to females before they start being active sexually and get exposed to the HPV virus. Sexually active females benefit from these vaccines as well, but the effect is less.

Here are three reasons why you should vaccinate against HPV:

  1. All types of HPV vaccine help in the elimination of the viruses which cause cervical cancer. Viruses causing cancer in the vulva, vagina or anus are also targeted by these HPV vaccines. The HPV vaccines also protect against genital or anal warts. HPV vaccines work effectively in the prevention of cancers caused by HPC viruses and also curb the common health problems which are accompanied.
  2. The effect of HPV vaccines is quite long lasting in an individual who is vaccinated against HPV. Usually it lasts for ten years or more without having any related disorders or cancers. The protection does not weaken over time and remains stable.
  3. HPV vaccines are licensed by the FDA to be completely safe and efficient to use. Extensive studies have been carried out globally, and no safety concerns have ever arisen. The side effects of HPV vaccines are usually quite mild. However, a little amount of pain, dizziness and nausea are involved.

HPV vaccines are a series of effective vaccines, which prevent the occurrence of cervical cancer and other cancers which are sexually transmitted. They are generally given to women before getting sexually active to prevent transmission of HPV viruses. Some HPV vaccines are prescribed to males as well.

382 people found this helpful

Cervical Cancer Screening

Dr. Rahul Kewalkumar 88% (11 ratings)
MD, MBBS, CCD
General Physician, Jabalpur

Cervical cancer screening

Cervical cancer screening should begin at age 21 years. With the exception of women who are infected with hiv or who are otherwise immunocompromised, women younger than 21 years should not be screened regardless of the age of sexual initiation or the presence of other behaviour-related risk factors. Women aged 21 to 29 years should be tested with cervical cytology alone, and screening should be performed every 3 years. 

Co testing should not be performed in women younger than 30 years. Annual screening should not be performed. For women aged 30 to 65 years, cotesting with cytology and hpv testing every 5 years is preferred; screening with cytology alone every 3 years is acceptable. Annual screening should not be performed. Screening by any modality should be discontinued after age 65 years in women with evidence of adequate negative prior screening test results and no history of cin 2 or higher.

 

Warts- Are They Troubling You? Know And Treat!

Dr. Sandeep Gupta 91% (1379 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Delhi
Warts- Are They Troubling You? Know And Treat!

Five most important facts about Warts:

1. These are caused by a virus known as Human papillomavirus.

2. These are confined to skin and mucosa only.

3. Vaccine is available to prevent these from occuring though it confers protection only from four types of HPV(>200 types of HPV are there!). 

4. These are treatable but there is none treatment which effectively cures; most effective are given first like Salicylic acid, Cryotherapy, Radiofrequency, Electrocautery.

5. treatment type varies in different sites, age, stage of disease etc. even some warts may go without treatment but then there is a chance of spread as it takes many months for spontaneous resolution.

So, consult your skin specialist/dermatologist for best solution of your/ your ward's WARTS.

15 people found this helpful

HPV During Pregnancy - How Does It Affect You?

Dr. Sumati Saxena 89% (19 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Allahabad
HPV During Pregnancy - How Does It Affect You?

Human Papillomavirus is a disease caused by the sexually transmitted virus leading to cervical cancer and genital warts. It is estimated that as many as ten million people fall prey to this disease every year. While there are more than 100 varieties of HPV, there are close to 30 viruses that spread through sexual transmission. There are many Human Papillomaviruses that can affect the ability of a woman’s ability to get pregnant. There are viruses that can affect pregnancy as well. It is, therefore, important to understand the impact of Human Papillomavirus during pregnancy.

How does HPV affect a person during pregnancy?
It is not very difficult to get pregnant with Human Papillomavirus. However, there is an increased risk of the disease getting passed to the partner. A doctor should be consulted before conceiving. If a person is already suffering from HPV, she has a rising estrogen level that could make genital warts become larger bleed or even multiply very quickly. Since there is a greater tendency of infection and bleeding, doctors often recommend not to remove warts during pregnancy. If a person is suffering from HPV without any symptoms, the chances of pregnancy getting compromised are less likely.

How could HPV affect the baby?

For the most part, HPV doesn’t affect the baby, or the infection gets passed on. If a mother has active genital warts, there are possibilities of transmitting the infection to the baby. In this case, the baby might end up getting a wart on the throat leading to problems in breathing. Genital warts can also lead to blockage of the birth canal. In case of a mother suffering from active genital warts, most doctors prescribe cesarean delivery to safeguard baby’s health. There is no such treatment that can make warts go away. All a medical professional is left with is to monitor the outbreak of warts in the mother and the baby.

How does a pregnant lady know that she is suffering from HPV?
Genital warts are the most common symptoms of this condition. Warts might cause pain along with itchiness. In appearance, warts might occur as flat lesions, small bumps, and finger-like projections. It might appear on the cervix, vulva, vagina or surrounding areas of the anus. There are cases where there could be no symptoms at all. However, if warts are felt on any parts of the body, it is wise to consult a medical professional for further help. A doctor performs a pap smear to collect the cells of the cervix and decide whether a person is suffering from HPV. Treatments related to this condition revolve around the removal strategies of warts.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2587 people found this helpful

HPV Infection and Cancer

Dr. Sandeep Gupta 91% (1379 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Delhi
HPV Infection and Cancer

Human papillomavirus(HPV) is considered a sexually transmitted infection that can be passed by skin, mouth and genital contact.

  • It is one of very few infections that can, over time, lead to cancer.
  • There are many different types(or strains); most are not linked to cancer. Cancer strains can cause differnet types of cancer, but most people with these HPV strains will never develop any kind of HPV associated cancer.
  • In females, Cervical and in males, penile cancer can occur due to cancer causing strains. Unlike with cervical cancer, not all cases of penile,anal,or oral cancers are due to HPV.
  • There are vaccines available to prevent HPV Infections, mainly for cancer causing strains and also for genital warts(6,8 strain).
  • Vaccine is indicated at present in females 9 to 45 years of age, though males shall benefit also from vaccine. it is given at 0 and 2 months for age below 14 years of age and at 0, 2 and 6 months above 14 years of age( Quadrivalent Vaccine).
4 people found this helpful

Human Papillomavirus - Causes And Symptoms Of It!

Dr. Nutan Hegde 93% (151 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Human Papillomavirus - Causes And Symptoms Of It!

HPV or human papillomavirus is a strain of viral infection that is usually passed through skin to skin contact. There are many varieties of HPV although the main focus is one the ones which are usually transmitted through sexual contact. Most sexually active people are infected by this disease although very few develop the full fledged symptoms. 

Symptoms of HPV--
Primary symptoms of HPV are the growth of warts on your body in various stages or in various areas. Some of them are:

  1. Typical common warts - The easiest way to spot an HPV infection is the development of common warts on any parts of the body. They could appear on elbows, hands, feet and fingers. These look like bumps on the skin ad although they aren't usually are painful, itchy but unsightly.
  2. Flat warts - Flat warts tend to be small smooth bumps which are slightly raised skin lesions on the body which can be a little darker in colour. Men usually get this in the beard and face area while women tend to get this on their legs.
  3. Plantar warts - These warts usually grow on the heels or the balls of the feet and are hard grainy growths. These can be painful and even cause discomfort while walking.
  4. Genital warts - This is one of the most obvious and most common symptoms of HPV, especially in the variety which is transmitted through sexual contact. These usually look like small bumps or protrusions on the skin and can be of different shapes. Women can have this on the vulva, vagina or even cervix and men can have this on the penis, scrotum, and adjacent areas. Both men and women can have this on their anus as well.

Causes of HPV--
The primary cause of HPV infections is the intrusion of the virus in your skin through small cuts or abrasions on your skin. Skin to skin contact with an infected person will transfer this to you. However, genital warts are usually transferred from skin to during sexual contact. Even oral sex can transmit HPV and cause lesions in the upper respiratory tract and cause breathing problems as well. Most warts can also be transferred with the contact or touching the wart directly and thus should be avoided.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3928 people found this helpful

HPV - How It Affects You? + How It Can Be Treated?

Dr. Sagar Bumb 89% (36 ratings)
DGO , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
HPV - How It Affects You? + How It Can Be Treated?

The Human Papillomavirus or HPV is a large group of about 170 related viruses, each of which is given a number also called its type. This dangerous virus serves as one of the most commonly occurring cancer. The pre-cancerous lesions increase the risk of cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, anus, mouth or throat. Out of the 170 viruses, about 40 of them are transmitted through sexual contact and are responsible for developing pre-cancerous conditions.

What are the symptoms and how do you detect them?
HPV infection is transmitted through sexual contact. Usually, when you have vaginal, anal and oral sex with someone carrying the HPV virus, you are bound to be affected by it. Genital areas provide the virus with a much suitable environment for them to survive. As it is a sexually transmitted infection, people with more active sex life (with multiple partners) are at a risk of being infected with this virus.

Depending upon the type of infected virus, symptoms vary from person to person and some don't seem to experience any symptoms. General warts and genital warts are the most commonly seen symptoms. If one experiences genital warts, they surely have HPV. Not all genital warts look the same. Some just look like raised or flat pink, flesh like, whereas some seem to have a cauliflower like an outgrowth. There may be one wart to several numbers of them. Some are bigger, and some are insignificantly small.

These symptoms may take up weeks to appear after you have sexual contact with any infected one. If these symptoms start appearing it might happen that the cells of those areas have already begun developing pre-cancerous stages.

How to avoid such infections and what to do if I start observing such symptoms?
There is not much to do, to eradicate any case of HPV infection. As it strikes the most sexually active ones, keep a healthy check on your sex-life. Make sure the ones whom you have intercourse with are not infected already. But as this is not possible every time, maintain a proper intimate hygiene. Keep your private areas clean, and besides that, you may opt for a periodic check-up of your intimate areas to make sure you don't get infected.

But if you have already started observing such symptoms, better not be late to pay a visit to your doctor as soon as possible. If caught at an early stage such infections are easily curable as it is one of the most commons ones. Although there is no HPV test for men in the healthcare sectors, for women HPV tests are available which are not to be confused with Pap smear tests. Your doctor may carry out a lab test to detect the virus.

What are the treatments?

Most of the HPV infections get destroyed over time, but if that is not the case, your doctor may use methods like cryotherapy, conization, laser therapy and loop electrosurgical excision procedure, which are to cure you easily.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5647 people found this helpful

Cervical Cancer Screening and Prevention!

Dr. Nazima 87% (1419 ratings)
MD PHYSICIAN
General Physician, Delhi

PAP SMEAR AND VACCINATION PROTECTION AGAINST CERVICAL CANCER 

1. PAP SMEAR- Pap smear screening should start at age 21. it should be done at regular intervals to detect any abnormal cell growth which can turn out be cancerous.

2. VACCINE -is available to protect against the HPV types that cause most cervical cancer in women. The vaccine is: Given as a series of 2 shots.Recommended for girls and women ages 9 through 26.Best for girls to get by age 11 or before becoming sexually active. However, girls and younger women who are already sexually active can still be protected by the vaccine.

SAFE SEXUAL HABBITS :

1) Always use condoms.

2) Avoid multiple sex partners

3) Do not  smoke. Cigarette smoking increases the risk of getting cervical cancer.

 

 

 

2 people found this helpful

HPV Vaccine - What You Must Know About It?

Dr. Nutan Hegde 93% (151 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
HPV Vaccine - What You Must Know About It?

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is one the most common sexually transmitted virus and an HPV vaccination protect you against this virus. It is estimated that HP infects at least 50% of the population during their sexually active phase. Although the virus is not a deadly type of a virus asit goes away on its own, in some cases, it can lead to anal, throat cancers and genital warts as well.

The common vaccine
Gardasil is the common form of HPV vaccine that is routinely given for such conditions. It is given to people who’re between the age group of 9 and 26. HPV vaccine is not fool-proof as these don’t work effectively against all types of HPV. But, these vaccines are effective against the high-risk strains that account for nearly 75% of all cervical cancers. The vaccine is also effective against the cancer of the vagina and vulva.

The correct dose
The vaccine has a virus-like strain but it is not the actual virus. The patient is given three doses over a period of six months, and there are no side effects associated with it, apart from giddiness and instances of fainting spells (in some cases). However, these are only passing phases and should disappear in some time.

Small facts
It’s always advisable that you consult a well-trusted doctor before going for one of such vaccines. Thanks to marketing gimmicks, many people can be misguided into this, so it’s always better to know if you’re the right person for this or not. Check your report with a doctor, and then decide. Recently, Gardasil 9 was approved by the medical associations and this strain of vaccine is far more effective than its counterparts.


Know the age factor
Ideally, the vaccine should be endorsed for the population at the ages 11 to 12. It is advisable to give the vaccine at a young age, before the sexual activity of a person starts or the start of the puberty.

Gender talk
Gardasil vaccine can be given to women till they reach the age of 25 or 26 and in case they are not exposed to the vaccine at an early stage. Gardasil vaccination is also effective for men in the age group of 9 to 25 and it helps in the prevention of genital warts which is the most common STI among men.

Prevent cancer?
Gardasil has also been used in the prevention of cancer. It should be noted that the vaccinations are not an exact cure for HPV but it minimizes the chances. It also doesn’t mean that women can skip the Pap smear tests once they are vaccinated that are used to rule out the chances of cervical cancer.

Above all the vaccination should not be taken without consulting your gynaecologist

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3852 people found this helpful

Reduce the Risk of Cancer - Get Tips!

Dr. Sajjan Rajpurohit 85% (37 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Oncology, DNB - Super Speciality, Immuno Oncology
Oncologist, Delhi
Reduce the Risk of Cancer - Get Tips!

We live in an age where every single individual, more or less, is exposed to the risk of cancer. It is probably an unfavorable lifestyle we lead that deprives us of good health. This might alarm many but considerable changes in lifestyle can help you realize cancer as a preventable disease. Cancer does not only make you undergo severe suffering but it also affects your friends and family. The pallor of misery spreads wider than you think.

  • Abstain from tobacco: Consuming raw tobacco or smoking tobacco can be equally detrimental to your health. Tobacco increases your chances of contracting the disease. As is known, passive smoking can also affect your health adversely. Tobacco can be the potential cause behind cancer of the mouth, throat, larynx, lungs, oral cavity and even the pancreas. It might harm your kidneys and cervix. It is upon you to quit tobacco at the earliest possible. One should also try and persuade friends and relatives to give up smoking.
  • Drink alcohol in moderation: Complete abstinence from alcohol might not be possible if you have already been ushered into your work- life. The society might require you to be an occasional drinker. It is important to drink in moderation. Crossing the limit can propel consequences as serious as cancer of the stomach, pancreas, liver and the heart.
  • A balanced and nutritious dietDeciding on a plant- based diet or a Mediterranean diet can aid your fight against the risk of cancer. A Mediterranean diet will involve green leafy vegetables, lots of fresh fruits, whole grains, mixed nuts, legumes and also the use of extra- virgin olive oil. Fish can be a safe bet but red meat should be avoided. One must also try to avoid processed meat as they tend to make you prone to the risk of cancer.
  • Immunization: Hepatitis B and HPV or Human papilloma virus vaccines are extremely necessary to protect you against the sexually transmitted types of cancer.
  • Sun protection: Caring for your skin doesn't arise from vanity. Skin cancer is one of the most prevalent kinds of cancer; the chances of this disease can be restricted by remaining in shade especially during midday, by wearing covered clothes and by using a good sunscreen lotion repeatedly while outside.
  • Exercise diligently: Did you think it was okay to have weaker muscles and bulging layers of fat? If yes, you probably have grown numb to the inadequacies you face in result. Unchecked fat can lead to obesity which further complicates health conditions. Metabolic activity differs from person to person. Regular exercising can help regulate metabolism according to the needs of your body. Physical exercise protects you against the risk of breast and colon cancer. Moderate or vigorous physical activity for 150 to 75 minutes a week respectively can reduce the risk of cancer. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a oncologist.
4013 people found this helpful
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