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गले के कैंसर का उपचार - Gale Ke Cancer Ka Upchar!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
गले के कैंसर का उपचार - Gale Ke Cancer Ka Upchar!

कैंसर हमारे शरीर के जिसे हिस्से या अंग में होता है उसे उसी के नाम से बुलाते हैं. गले में होने वाले कैंसर को हम गले का कैंसर कहते हैं. ये कैंसर का एक समूह है जिससे टॉन्सिल से लैरिंक्स (वॉयस बॉक्स) तक कहीं भी ट्यूमर हो सकता है. यह आमतौर पर उन कोशिकाओं में शुरू होता है जो आपके गले में होती हैं. जो लोग धूम्रपान करते हैं और शराब पीते हैं उनमें यह सबसे आम है. आपका गला एक नली होती है जो आपकी नाक के पीछे से शुरू होती है और आपकी गर्दन में समाप्त होती है. आपकी कंठनली आपके गले के ठीक नीचे होती है और यह भी गले के कैंसर के लिए अतिसंवेदनशील होती है. कंठनली में वोकल स्वर तंत्र होती हैं जो आवाज़ उत्पन्न करने के लिए हिलती हैं. यह नरम हड्डियों से बनी होती है. नरम हड्डियां के किसी भी टुकड़े को गले के गले का कैंसर के कारण प्रभावित हो सकती है जो वायुनली के लिए एक ढक्कन का कार्य करती है. गले के कैंसर का ट्रीटमेंट कई प्रकार से किया जा सकता है, जैसे - ट्यूमर को नष्ट करने वाली दवाएं या सर्जरी के माध्यम से. इसका ट्रीटमेंट जितना जल्दी होगा, रिकवरी करने की संभावना उतना ही जल्दी होता है. कैंसर का उपचार उसके चरण और आपके स्वस्थ पर निर्भर करता है. कुछ मामलों में आपको एक से अधिक उपचार की आवश्यकता हो सकती है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम गले के कैंसर के उपचार के बारे में जानें ताकि इस विषय में लोगों का ज्ञानवर्धन किया जा सके.

रेडिएशन थेरेपी-
कैंसर कोशिकाओं को खत्म करने के लिए रेडिएशन, एक्स-रे या अन्य स्रोतों की हाई एनर्जी वाली किरण का उपयोग करते हैं. जो ट्यूमर छोटा है और जिसका निदान जल्दी हो गया है, उसके लिए आपको सिर्फ विकिरण उपचार की ज़रूरत हो सकती है. बाद के चरणों के लिए, आपको विकिरण उपचार के साथ एक अन्य उपचार की आवश्यकता भी हो सकती है. सर्जरी गले के ट्यूमर को हटाने के लिए सर्जरी के कई प्रकारों का उपयोग किया जाता है. आपके गले या मौखिक रस्सियों की सतह पर शुरूआती अवस्था के ट्यूमर के लिए, आपके डॉक्टर एंडोस्कोप का उपयोग कर सकते हैं.

बड़े ट्यूमर के लिए, आपके चिकित्सक को आपके गले के हिस्से को निकालना पड़ सकता है और फिर इसे ठीक करना पड़ सकता है ताकि आप सामान्य रूप से निगल सकें. कंठनली पर ट्यूमर की वजह से आपको कंठनली का कोई हिस्सा या पूरी कंठनली निकलवानी पड़ सकती है. यदि कैंसर आपकी गर्दन में फैलता है, तो आपको लिम्फ नोड्स भी निकलवाने पड़ सकते हैं.

कीमोथेरेपी-
कैंसर कोशिकाओं को खत्म करने के लिए आपके डॉक्टर ड्रग्स का उपयोग करते हैं. कभी-कभी सर्जरी होने से पहले ट्यूमर को सिकोड़ने या सर्जरी के बाद आखिरी कैंसर कोशिकाओं को खत्म करने के लिए इसका उपयोग किया जाता है. यह विकिरण को अधिक प्रभावी बनाने में भी मदद कर सकता है. लक्षित औषधि चिकित्सा कुछ गले के कैंसर के लिए, डॉक्टर नई दवाओं का उपयोग कर सकते हैं जो ट्यूमर को बढ़ने के लिए आवश्यक तत्वों की उपलब्धि खत्म करते हैं.

गले के कैंसर का निदान कैसे होता है?
डॉक्टर गले के कैंसर के ट्रीटमेंट के लिए सबसे पहले आपके लक्षणों के बारे में पुछेंगे और इसके बाद बॉडी चेकअप के लिए जाएंगे. इसके साथ वह गले में हुए गांठ की भी जांच करते है. आपको इन परीक्षणों में से कोई भी करवाना पड़ सकते हैं –

एंडोस्कोपी: -
एंडोस्कोपी के माध्यम से आपके गले में एक पतली ट्यूब डाली जाती है जिसके आगे कैमरा(एंडोस्कोप) होता है. इस कैमरा के माध्यम से गले की इमेज निकाली जाती है जो गले की स्पष्ट तस्वीर देता है.

बायोप्सी: - बायोप्सी में आपके डॉक्टर सर्जरी, एन्डोस्कोप या सुई का उपयोग कर के आपके गले में से एक टिश्यू निकालेंगे और कैंसर का परीक्षण करेंगे.

इमेजिंग टेस्ट: - एक्स-रे, सीटी स्कैन, एमआरआई (MRI) और पीईटी (PTI) स्कैन यह दिखा सकते हैं कि कैंसर आपके गले से बाहर आपके शरीर के दूसरे हिस्सों तक पहुँच गया है या नहीं.

गले का कैंसर होने से कैसे रोका जा सकता है?
गले के कैंसर को रोकने का कोई निश्चित तरीका नहीं है लेकिन आप निम्नलिखित तरीकों से अपना जोखिम कम कर सकते हैं - धूम्रपान न करें निकोटीन जैसे धूम्रपान छोड़ने में मदद करने वाले उत्पादों का उपयोग करें या अपने डॉक्टर से धूम्रपान छोड़ने में मदद करने वाली दवाओं के बारे में बात करें, ताकि आपको धूम्रपान छोड़ने में सहायता मिल सके. शराब का सेवन कम करें हालांकि शराब पीना सेहत के लिए बहुत बुरा है लेकिन फिर भी अगर आप इसका सेवन करते हैं तो इसे एक सीमित मात्रा में ही पिएँ. एक स्वस्थ जीवन शैली बनाए रखें भरपूर फल, सब्ज़ियां व कम फैट वाले मांस खाएं और सोडियम का सेवन कम करें. अपना अतिरिक्त वज़न कम करें. एक सप्ताह में कम से कम 150 मिनट शारीरिक गतिविधि करें. एचपीवी (HPV) का जोखिम कम करें एचपीवी को गले के कैंसर का कारण माना जाता है. इससे अपने आप को बचाने के लिए, अपने यौन सहयोगियों की संख्या सीमित करें और सुरक्षित यौन संबंध बनाएं.
 

Cervical Cancer - Everything You Should Know!

Dr. Aarti Kulkarni 90% (110 ratings)
MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Thane
Cervical Cancer - Everything You Should Know!

Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm originating in the cervix uteri. Cervical cancer is one of the most common cause of cancer in women. Lack of screening programs in the developing world means that the disease is not identified until it is too late, resulting in higher mortality.

Symptoms :

  • Asymptomatic (without any symptom)

  • Vaginal bleeding on touch

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding

  • Intermenstrual bleeding

  • Bleeding after coitus

  • Menstrual bleeding that is longer and Heavier than usual.

  • Bleeding even after menopause.

  • Moderate pain during sexual intercourse and vaginal discharge in advanced disease, metastases may be present in the abdomen, lungs or elsewhere.

Causes:

(i) The central cause of cervical cancer is HPV - Human Papilloma Virus.

(ii) It is transmitted through sexual contact.

(iii) Low-risk type virus may cause genital warts.

(iv) High-risk type may cause precancer or cancer

(v) Only women with persistent HPV are at risk.

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

HPV is cause of 70% of cervical cancer globally.

Other risk factors: chlamydia infection, hormonal contraception, multiple pregnancies, exposure to the hormonal drug diethylstilbestrol, and family history of cervical cancer.

HPV vaccines

There are two HPV vaccines (Gardasil and Cervarix) which reduce the risk of cancerous or precancerous changes of the cervix and perineum by about 93%.

Treatment:

(i) Surgery (HYSTERECTOMY)(including local excision)

(ii) Chemotherapy in early stages

(iii) Radiotherapy in advanced stages.

Cancer screening: MOST IMPORTANT DIAGNOSTIC TOOL:

  • Pap smear can identify precancerous and potentially precancerous changes in cervical cells and tissue. The smear should contain cells from SCJ (squamocolumnar junction), Transformation zone and endocervix. Ayre’s spatula and endocervical brush are used. Cells are spread on slide and fixed immediately. The treatment protocol depends upon the findings of the smear report. Liquid-based cytology can also be performed now.

  • Cervical screening programs have reduced the incidence of invasive cervical cancer by 50% or more.

  • Colposcopy- a magnified visual inspection of the cervix aided by using a dilute acetic acid (e.g. vinegar), colposcopy guided Biopsy, Endocervical curratage, Pelvic examination are also important tools for screening of cancer.

  • The screening intervals are:

Guidelines According to Age and Reproductive Status

  • After a woman becomes sexually active, pap smear testing needs to be done after every 2 years.

  • After that, if you get 3 consecutive normal pap smears (that is, three normal tests in a row), the doctors may consider spacing this test to every 3 years.

  • After 65 years of age, you may stop.

However, doctors may recommend for more frequent testings in any of the following conditions if:

  1. You are HIV positive

  2. You have inflammation of cervix in previous pap smear screening test.

  3. You are nutritionally deficient and weak.

  4. Immunocompromised state, like after radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or after a lone term steroid treatment.

  5. Your mother was exposed to DES (diethylstilbestrol) while pregnant.

New HOPE for CERVICAL CANCER:

Cervarix and Garsasil are vaccines against certain types of cancer-causing human papillomavirus.

HPV is a virus, usually transmitted sexually, which can cause cervical cancer.

Gardasil, also known as Gardisil or Silgard or recombinant human papillomavirus vaccine [types 6, 11, 16, 18] is a vaccine for use in the prevention of certain strains of human papillomavirus (HPV), specifically HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18. HPV types 16 and 18 cause an estimated 70% of cervical cancers, and are responsible for most HPV-induced anal, vulvar, vaginal and penile cancer cases. HPV types 6 and 11 cause an estimated 90% of genital warts cases.

Cervarix is designed to prevent infection from HPV types 16 and 18, that cause about 70% of cervical cancer cases.

Administration

Immunization with vaccine consists of 3 doses of 0.5-mL each, by intramuscular injection according to the following schedule: 0, 1, and 6 months.  Vaccine is available in 0.5-mL single-dose vials. You may contact to nearest gynecologist for further information about vaccines.

HOW DOES AYURVEDA HELP?

Ayurveda has definite protective influence over the killing disease. Prana is ultimate force that maintains our vitality. In Ayurveda this is named as Vata. We have to balance our Vata to keep away from killing cancer. Cancer prevention is targeted at creating balance and harmony through AAHARA, VIHARA, DINACHARYA RUTUCHARYA , RUTUSANDHICHARYA, SADVRUTA, PRANAYAMA, RASAYANA SEVAN, PANCHAKARMA AACHAR RASAYANA, AND ANTICANCER HERBS. Research has shown that some ayurvedic herbs has anticancer activity. Curcumin, inhibit tumor-promoting enzymes and interfere with the growth of cancerous tumors. As a powerful antioxidant, curcumin neutralizes free radicals that increase the risk of cancer. So HARIDRA TAILA pichoo (A sterile tampoon soaked in oil kept in vagina) is effective.

  • Ginger not only kills cancer cells, it also prevents them building up resistance to cancer tretment.
  • Fenugreek seeds were experimentally shown to protect against cancers of the breast, cervix and prostate cancer.
  • There are many Ayurvedic herbs that have anti-carcinogenic properties, such as Amla, Ashwagandha, Triphala, Guduchi, Tulsi, Neem, and Brahmi.
  • The role of the mind in healing must be emphasized as mental disturbances are a more subtle cause than the physical imbalances in the doshas.
  • Spiritual healing is the process of removing or healing our karma, which plays a role in all disease.
  • So mental and spiritual both the states are important for curing any disease which is explained only in ayurveda.

It is important to continue looking for effective ways to expand screening for each women for reducing cervical cancer morbidity and mortality worldwide. So here we all should screen, prevent and treat cervical cancer to improve the quality and logitivity of life of women.

HPV Infection - Know More About It!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
HPV Infection - Know More About It!

What is HPV infection?

The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a virus that causes skin and mucous membrane infections. There are more than 100 varieties of human papillomavirus (HPV). Some types of HPV infection cause plantar warts on the feet, while other varieties of HPV infection are responsible for the warts that most commonly occur on a person’s hands or face.

Symptoms of HPV infection-

  • Rough, raised bumps that usually occur on the hands, fingers or around fingernails
  • Slightly raised lesions darker than your regular skin color usually appear on your face, neck, hands, wrists, elbows or knees
  • Flat lesions, small cauliflower-like bumps or tiny stem-like protrusions most commonly on the vulva

Causes of HPV infection-

  • Sexual intercourse
  • Anal sex
  • Skin-to-skin contact in the genital region

Risk factors of HPV infection-

  • Multiple sex partners
  • Weakened immune systems
  • Damaged skin

Complications of HPV infection-

Diagnosis of HPV infection-

Diagnosis of HPV infection involves the following tests:

  • Vinegar solution test
  • Pap test
  • DNA test

Precautions & Prevention of HPV infection-

  • Reduce your number of sex partners
  • Using a latex condom, that may prevent some but not all HPV transmission
  • Keep your feet clean and dry, wearing clean socks, and wearing shoes or sandals in public pools and locker rooms.
  • Routine HPV vaccination for girls and boys ages 11 and 12 is available

For Treatment of HPV infection

  • Homeopathic Treatment of HPV infection
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of HPV infection
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of HPV infection
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of HPV infection
  • Surgical Treatment of HPV infection
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of HPV infection
  • Other Treatment of HPV infection


Treatment of HPV infection- 

Homeopathic Treatment of HPV Infection-

Homeopathy heals lesions and prevents further lesions. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of HPV infection are:

  • Merc
  • Nit Ac
  • Calc
  • Thuja
  • Dulc
  • Petro

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of HPV Infection-

Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can help in stress relief. They can help in better coping and early relief.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of HPV infection-

Allopathic Treatment of HPV infection involves the following medications:

  • Salicylic acid
  • Imiquimod cream
  • Podofilox cream
  • Trichloroacetic acid

Surgical Treatment of HPV infection

Surgical Treatment of HPV infection involves one of the following surgeries:

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of HPV infection-

  • Eat foods rich in antioxidants such as blueberries, tomatoes, strawberries and cherries.
  • Eat sweet potatoes, carrots, broccoli, lettuce and tomatoes.

 

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What are Genital warts?

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
What are Genital warts?

What are Genital warts?

Genital warts are one of the most common types of sexually transmitted infections. They are caused by a virus known as the human papilloma virus (HPV).

Symptoms of Genital warts-

  • Small, flesh-colored or gray swellings in your genital area
  • Bleeding from the warts during sex
  • Several warts close together that takes on a cauliflower shape
  • Itchiness and irritation

Causes of Genital warts-

  • Genital warts can be passed from one person to another during sex
  • It can be transmitted by skin-to-skin contact with someone who has the wart virus

Risk factors of Genital warts-

  • Becoming sexually active at a young age
  • Having unprotected sex with multiple partners
  • Having had another sexually transmitted infection
  • Having sex with a partner whose sexual history you don’t know

Complications of Genital warts-

Diagnosis of Genital warts-

Diagnosis of Genital warts includes the following tests:

  • Viewing warts through a special microscope
  • Pap tests
  • HPV test

Precautions & Prevention of Genital warts-

  • Avoid Sharing of towels and undergarments
  • Using a condom every time you have sex reduces the risk
  • Vaccination prevents further complications

Treatment of Genital warts

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Genital warts
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Genital warts
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Genital warts
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Genital warts
  • Surgical Treatment of Genital warts
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Genital warts
  • Other Treatment of Genital warts

Treatment of Genital warts-

Homeopathic Treatment of Genital warts-

The homeopathic remedies can work well with your body’s immune system to help get rid of this virus. It acts by triggering a response of the immune system against the warts to kill them. Some of the homeopathic remedies used for treatment of genital warts are:

  • Calcarea
  • Nitric ac
  • Hepar
  • Nat S
  • Sepia
  • Thuja

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Genital warts-

Conventional or Allopathic Treatment of Genital warts include the following medications:

  • Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) – This chemical treatment burns off genital warts.
  • Imiquimod (Aldara, Zyclara) – This cream appears to boost your immune system’s ability to fight genital warts
  • Podophyllin and podofilox (Condylox) – Podophyllin is a plant-based resin that destroys genital wart tissue.

Surgical Treatment of Genital warts-

Surgical Treatment of Genital warts includes the following surgeries:

  • Freezing with liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy)
  • Electrocautery
  • Surgical excision
  • Laser treatments

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Genital warts-

  • Eat Foods high in antioxidants such as broccoli, strawberries, oranges, lemons, spinach and almonds
  • Eat food rich in folic acid such as nuts, whole grains and bananas

 

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Reasons Why You Should Vaccinate Against HPV

Sexologist
Sexologist, Delhi
Reasons Why You Should Vaccinate Against HPV

HPV refers to Human Papillomavirus. This is a common virus, which has got more than 100 different types and over 40 of these types are transmitted sexually. This virus may cause cervical cancer and cases of genital warts. It is likely to occur in people who are sexually active to contract genital HPV, and it is not accompanied by any signs or symptoms. The virus is transmitted via skin to skin contact and is severely infectious in nature. Using condoms may reduce the risk of spreading of this virus, but is not always successful.

There are two major vaccines for HPV.

  1. GardasilThis vaccine prevents the most common HPVs which are associated with genital and anal cancer, and also warts of both genital and anal type.
  2. CervarixThis type of vaccine prevents HPV associated with the occurrence of cervical cancer.

Reasons for vaccination against HPV

HPV vaccines are recommended to girls between 11 and 12 years. It is also given to girls and women between the age of 13 and 26 years, who have never been vaccinated against HPC before. These vaccines should be given to females before they start being active sexually and get exposed to the HPV virus. Sexually active females benefit from these vaccines as well, but the effect is less.

Here are three reasons why you should vaccinate against HPV:

  1. All types of HPV vaccine help in the elimination of the viruses which cause cervical cancer. Viruses causing cancer in the vulva, vagina or anus are also targeted by these HPV vaccines. The HPV vaccines also protect against genital or anal warts. HPV vaccines work effectively in the prevention of cancers caused by HPC viruses and also curb the common health problems which are accompanied.
  2. The effect of HPV vaccines is quite long lasting in an individual who is vaccinated against HPV. Usually it lasts for ten years or more without having any related disorders or cancers. The protection does not weaken over time and remains stable.
  3. HPV vaccines are licensed by the FDA to be completely safe and efficient to use. Extensive studies have been carried out globally, and no safety concerns have ever arisen. The side effects of HPV vaccines are usually quite mild. However, a little amount of pain, dizziness and nausea are involved.

HPV vaccines are a series of effective vaccines, which prevent the occurrence of cervical cancer and other cancers which are sexually transmitted. They are generally given to women before getting sexually active to prevent transmission of HPV viruses. Some HPV vaccines are prescribed to males as well.

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Cervical Cancer Screening

Dr. Rahul Kewalkumar 88% (11 ratings)
MD, MBBS, CCD
General Physician, Jabalpur

Cervical cancer screening

Cervical cancer screening should begin at age 21 years. With the exception of women who are infected with hiv or who are otherwise immunocompromised, women younger than 21 years should not be screened regardless of the age of sexual initiation or the presence of other behaviour-related risk factors. Women aged 21 to 29 years should be tested with cervical cytology alone, and screening should be performed every 3 years. 

Co testing should not be performed in women younger than 30 years. Annual screening should not be performed. For women aged 30 to 65 years, cotesting with cytology and hpv testing every 5 years is preferred; screening with cytology alone every 3 years is acceptable. Annual screening should not be performed. Screening by any modality should be discontinued after age 65 years in women with evidence of adequate negative prior screening test results and no history of cin 2 or higher.

 

Warts- Are They Troubling You? Know And Treat!

Dr. Sandeep Gupta 92% (1392 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Delhi
Warts- Are They Troubling You? Know And Treat!

Five most important facts about Warts:

1. These are caused by a virus known as Human papillomavirus.

2. These are confined to skin and mucosa only.

3. Vaccine is available to prevent these from occuring though it confers protection only from four types of HPV(>200 types of HPV are there!). 

4. These are treatable but there is none treatment which effectively cures; most effective are given first like Salicylic acid, Cryotherapy, Radiofrequency, Electrocautery.

5. treatment type varies in different sites, age, stage of disease etc. even some warts may go without treatment but then there is a chance of spread as it takes many months for spontaneous resolution.

So, consult your skin specialist/dermatologist for best solution of your/ your ward's WARTS.

15 people found this helpful

HPV During Pregnancy - How Does It Affect You?

Dr. Sumati Saxena 87% (19 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Allahabad
HPV During Pregnancy - How Does It Affect You?

Human Papillomavirus is a disease caused by the sexually transmitted virus leading to cervical cancer and genital warts. It is estimated that as many as ten million people fall prey to this disease every year. While there are more than 100 varieties of HPV, there are close to 30 viruses that spread through sexual transmission. There are many Human Papillomaviruses that can affect the ability of a woman’s ability to get pregnant. There are viruses that can affect pregnancy as well. It is, therefore, important to understand the impact of Human Papillomavirus during pregnancy.

How does HPV affect a person during pregnancy?
It is not very difficult to get pregnant with Human Papillomavirus. However, there is an increased risk of the disease getting passed to the partner. A doctor should be consulted before conceiving. If a person is already suffering from HPV, she has a rising estrogen level that could make genital warts become larger bleed or even multiply very quickly. Since there is a greater tendency of infection and bleeding, doctors often recommend not to remove warts during pregnancy. If a person is suffering from HPV without any symptoms, the chances of pregnancy getting compromised are less likely.

How could HPV affect the baby?

For the most part, HPV doesn’t affect the baby, or the infection gets passed on. If a mother has active genital warts, there are possibilities of transmitting the infection to the baby. In this case, the baby might end up getting a wart on the throat leading to problems in breathing. Genital warts can also lead to blockage of the birth canal. In case of a mother suffering from active genital warts, most doctors prescribe cesarean delivery to safeguard baby’s health. There is no such treatment that can make warts go away. All a medical professional is left with is to monitor the outbreak of warts in the mother and the baby.

How does a pregnant lady know that she is suffering from HPV?
Genital warts are the most common symptoms of this condition. Warts might cause pain along with itchiness. In appearance, warts might occur as flat lesions, small bumps, and finger-like projections. It might appear on the cervix, vulva, vagina or surrounding areas of the anus. There are cases where there could be no symptoms at all. However, if warts are felt on any parts of the body, it is wise to consult a medical professional for further help. A doctor performs a pap smear to collect the cells of the cervix and decide whether a person is suffering from HPV. Treatments related to this condition revolve around the removal strategies of warts.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2587 people found this helpful

HPV Infection and Cancer

Dr. Sandeep Gupta 92% (1392 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Delhi
HPV Infection and Cancer

Human papillomavirus(HPV) is considered a sexually transmitted infection that can be passed by skin, mouth and genital contact.

  • It is one of very few infections that can, over time, lead to cancer.
  • There are many different types(or strains); most are not linked to cancer. Cancer strains can cause differnet types of cancer, but most people with these HPV strains will never develop any kind of HPV associated cancer.
  • In females, Cervical and in males, penile cancer can occur due to cancer causing strains. Unlike with cervical cancer, not all cases of penile,anal,or oral cancers are due to HPV.
  • There are vaccines available to prevent HPV Infections, mainly for cancer causing strains and also for genital warts(6,8 strain).
  • Vaccine is indicated at present in females 9 to 45 years of age, though males shall benefit also from vaccine. it is given at 0 and 2 months for age below 14 years of age and at 0, 2 and 6 months above 14 years of age( Quadrivalent Vaccine).
4 people found this helpful

Human Papillomavirus - Causes And Symptoms Of It!

Dr. Nutan Hegde 91% (152 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Human Papillomavirus - Causes And Symptoms Of It!

HPV or human papillomavirus is a strain of viral infection that is usually passed through skin to skin contact. There are many varieties of HPV although the main focus is one the ones which are usually transmitted through sexual contact. Most sexually active people are infected by this disease although very few develop the full fledged symptoms. 

Symptoms of HPV--
Primary symptoms of HPV are the growth of warts on your body in various stages or in various areas. Some of them are:

  1. Typical common warts - The easiest way to spot an HPV infection is the development of common warts on any parts of the body. They could appear on elbows, hands, feet and fingers. These look like bumps on the skin ad although they aren't usually are painful, itchy but unsightly.
  2. Flat warts - Flat warts tend to be small smooth bumps which are slightly raised skin lesions on the body which can be a little darker in colour. Men usually get this in the beard and face area while women tend to get this on their legs.
  3. Plantar warts - These warts usually grow on the heels or the balls of the feet and are hard grainy growths. These can be painful and even cause discomfort while walking.
  4. Genital warts - This is one of the most obvious and most common symptoms of HPV, especially in the variety which is transmitted through sexual contact. These usually look like small bumps or protrusions on the skin and can be of different shapes. Women can have this on the vulva, vagina or even cervix and men can have this on the penis, scrotum, and adjacent areas. Both men and women can have this on their anus as well.

Causes of HPV--
The primary cause of HPV infections is the intrusion of the virus in your skin through small cuts or abrasions on your skin. Skin to skin contact with an infected person will transfer this to you. However, genital warts are usually transferred from skin to during sexual contact. Even oral sex can transmit HPV and cause lesions in the upper respiratory tract and cause breathing problems as well. Most warts can also be transferred with the contact or touching the wart directly and thus should be avoided.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3928 people found this helpful
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