Circumcision is the process of surgical removal of the foreskin that covers the head of the penis. Circumcision is an ancient practice, which has its origin in religious rites. So even today, many parents get their sons circumcised mostly for religious reasons. This painful surgical procedure is performed mostly without anesthesia on the first or second day after the birth of the child. However, the Jewish people do circumcision on the 8th day after the birth.
During circumcision the foreskin of the penis is first freed from the penis head and the excess foreskin is then clipped off. When done on a newborn, this procedure takes no more than 5 to 19 minutes. However, as this procedure gets complicated and riskier when done on children, older babies and men, adult circumcision take approximate about an hour. Circumcision usually heals up with 7 to 10 days, leaving no scars on the penis.
The medical advantages of doing circumcision is a highly debated topic. Although it has been found that the health benefits of newborn circumcision outweigh the risk of this procedure, but the benefits are also not so great that one can recommend it universally among all newborn males. Generally circumcision is recommended for older boys and men to treat conditions like phimosis, whereby the patient finds pain in retracting his penile foreskin. Or at times it is also conducted for treating infections on the head of the penis.
Some of the advantages of doing circumcision are that it decreases the chances of getting affected with a urinary infection and it also reduces the chances of getting infected with certain sexually transmitted diseases. It is also believed that circumcision lessens the risk of developing penile cancer in men and reduces the risk of cervical cancer in female sex partners of the person who has been circumcised. Apart from this circumcision prevents inflammation of the glans (balanitis) and of the penile foreskin (balanoposthitis).
Circumcision also aids in preventing phimosis and paraphimosis and helps in keeping the head of the penis clean. The most commonplace complications that arise out of this procedure are infection and bleeding. Sometimes when the foreskin is cut too short or even too long, it can create a problem on the person. Other complications associated with this procedure are that the foreskin may fail to heal properly or the remaining foreskin might get reattached to the end of the penis, which then requires minor surgical repair.
So always consult your surgeon before getting a circumcision done on your newborns.