Circumcision is the process of surgical removal of the foreskin that covers the head of the penis. Circumcision is an ancient practice, which has its origin in religious rites. So even today, many parents get their sons circumcised mostly for religious reasons.This painful surgical procedure is performed mostly without anesthesia on the first or second day after the birth of the child. However, the Jewish people do circumcision on the 8th day after the birth.
During circumcision the foreskin of the penis is first freed from the penis head and the excess foreskin is then clipped off. When done on a newborn, this procedure takes no more than 5 to 19 minutes. However, as this procedure gets complicated and riskier when done on children, older babies and men, adult circumcision take approximate about an hour. Circumcision usually heals up with 7 to 10 days, leaving no scars on the penis.
The medical advantages of doing circumcision is a highly debated topic. Although it has been found that the health benefits of newborn circumcision outweigh the risk of this procedure, but the benefits are also not so great that one can recommend it universally among all newborn males. Generally circumcision is recommended for older boys and men to treat conditions like phimosis, whereby the patient finds pain in retracting his penile foreskin. Or at times it is also conducted for treating infections on the head of the penis.
Some of the advantages of doing circumcision are that it decreases the chances of getting affected with a urinary infection and it also reduces the chances of getting infected with certain sexually transmitted diseases. It is also believed that circumcision lessens the risk of developing penile cancer in men and reduces the risk of cervical cancer in female sex partners of the person who has been circumcised.Apart from this circumcision prevents inflammation of the glans (balanitis) and of the penile foreskin (balanoposthitis).
Circumcision also aids in preventing phimosis and paraphimosis and helps in keeping the head of the penis clean. The most commonplace complications that arise out of this procedure are infection and bleeding. Sometimes when the foreskin is cut too short or even too long, it can create a problem on the person. Other complications associated with this procedure are that the foreskin may fail to heal properly or the remaining foreskin might get reattached to the end of the penis, which then requires minor surgical repair.
So always consult your surgeon before getting a circumcision done on your newborns.
Circumcision has more pros than cons, scientists believe that Circumcision can have many medical benefits in the long run as compared to the normal ones. Here are some of the benefits that are associated with Circumcision:
On the other hand, there are some cons to the procedure which may create a dilemma in an individual for themselves or their son’s Circumcision, listed below some:
Yes, the process is painful and it is usually preferred to be done within the first month of life. Local anesthetic is being used by the medical professionals to numb the area and ease out the pain.
In adults, the feeling of pain is not limited to the physical organs. As a male grows, they become more aware of their sexuality which psychologically makes it more difficult to undergo Circumcision.
It has been seen that younger males have more pain during Circumcision as compared to adults. In adults, the post-procedure pain is mild to moderate, your doctor will inject general anesthesia to numb the area for pain-free Circumcision and provide a set of painkillers and antibiotics to fade the pain.
Most of the males with good hygiene didn't have any specific impact on their uncircumcised penis. However, there are some complications that one may face without Circumcision like:
The condition into which the foreskin of the penis is very tight that it cannot cover the head of the penis is known as phimosis. The condition rarely impacts a man in their adulthood as the foreskin starts to lose as you grow, but if the foreskin fails to cover the penis completely, it can make an individual more vulnerable to getting infected by sexually transmitted infection (STI).
The condition is quite identical to phimosis in terms of pineal coverage, but in the case of paraphimosis the skin is stuck below the head of the penis as it is too tight to cover the whole genital. Paraphimosis can be very discomforting as the tight skin can swell the area creating a blockage in the blood flow connected to the tip of the penis. The situation is considered critical and required immediate medical attention to avoid further complications.
Poor hygiene practices can build up a bacterial or fungal infection in the foreskin of the penis, especially in case of a cut or sore on the foreskin. Commonly found in men, the bacteria of balanitis can cause inflammation of the head of the penis along with the foul smell, unusual discharge under the foreskin, and pain during urination.
In most cases, the foreskin is loose and hangs over the head of the penis, which makes it more prone to zipper accidents. The caught-up skin in the zipper of jeans and trousers will develop an open wound making your genital area vulnerable towards urethral meatus damage ( tube present in the tip of penis head).
Even though the condition is common in females, males can also get affected if they do not follow healthy hygiene. Fungi like Candida albicans can develop yeast infections in and around the foreskin of your penis.
Scientists believe that being circumcised lowers the risk of sexually transmitted infections like genital herpes simplex, human papillomavirus (HPV), mycoplasma, trichomoniasis, syphilis, HIV, and chancroid. Uncircumcised men are more prone to infesting the infection under or around their foreskin.
Scientists are still looking for the difference in sexual responses before and after Circumcision. Even though the results are not concrete, here are some of the findings that may or may not show the difference in the performance and overall sensation of sexual orientation:
Summary: Circumcision is a medical procedure that is performed to remove the foreskin of the penis. Even though it is mentally challenging for some men, it is an effective procedure that helps them maintain genital hygiene better.