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Overview

Fungal Infection - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread through the air or contaminated surfaces
Symptoms
Skin pigmentation Loss of colour Small bumps Rashes

Popular Health Tips

Fungal Infection Of Skin And Its Treatment!

MD , MBBS
Dermatologist, Jaipur
Fungal Infection Of Skin And Its Treatment!

Your skin is the largest and most sensitive organ of your body. Funguses that live in the human body especially armpits, groin area, nails, and feet, cause fungal skin infections. Weak immunity is the leading cause, with over 300 million people fighting fungal infections globally, every year.

Some of the common types of fungal skin infections are-

• Athlete’s foot- Also known as Tenia pedis, Athlete’s foot occurs when the tenia fungus begins to grow on your feet. It is most commonly associated with athletes because it grows in warm and moist climates such as in socks, near swimming pools and in locker rooms.

Symptoms of athlete’s foot –

  1. Infected area becomes soft and layers of skin begin to peel off
  2. Redness, blisters, and cracking of skin

Treatment includes applying of topical antifungal ointments such as terbinafine while, severe cases may require oral medication.

• Ringworm – Ringworm is a highly contagious skin infection and is spread by person-to-person or pet to person contact. The fungus can also spread through infected towel, clothes, and mud.

Symptoms of Ringworm –

  1. Red itchy patches on the skin which develop into raised ring like bumps
  2. Formation of scales on the patches

Treatment of the infection includes medicines like miconazole.

• Jock ‘s itch- Also known as Tinea Cruris, these fungi thrive in moist and warm areas of the body such as the groin, inner thighs and buttocks.

Symptoms of Jock’s itch –

  1. Itchy red circular rashes over the body and burning
  2. Chafing and peeling of the infected area

Treatment includes prescribed medication and maintaining personal hygiene.

Prevention is better than cure when it comes to fungal infections. Visit a doctor at the first signs of infection. A medical exam is the best way to detect the cause of a skin infection.

4704 people found this helpful

Mucormycosis - Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment!

Fellowship- IPNA(Pediatric Nephrologist), Fellowship- ISPN, Diploma In Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician, Delhi
Mucormycosis - Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment!

Mucormycosis is a kind of fungal infection that falls under the category of mucorale family. Although rare, mucormycosis is a very serious condition. It occurs when the immune system has become weak as a result of a health condition or illness. Mucormycosis can prove to be fatal if left untreated.

Symptoms
Mucormycosis can arise on any part of the body. It initially appears at the site of injury or trauma on the skin and then spreads quickly to other places. Initial symptoms that indicate the possibility of mucormycosis include-

Fever
• A cough
• A headache
• Sinus Pain
Nasal congestion
• Skin tissues that have become black
• Blisters
Swelling
• Ulcers
• Tenderness

Mucormycosis and Pediatrics
Mucormycosis is one of the most common fungal infections to occur in children. Pediatric mucormycosis affects children already suffering from malignancies such as pulmonary, paranasal sinus, or disseminated disorders and is extremely lethal. A combination of surgery and active anti-fungal therapy provides a better outcome.

Diagnosis
Usually, children suffering from mucormycosis do not realize it because the symptoms associated with it are also similar to many other disorders or illnesses. However, it is recommended that you take your child to visit a doctor if you suspect an infection.

The condition is diagnosed with the help of a nasal discharge or phlegm sample if you are suffering from a sinus infection. In case the infection has come about due to a skin infection, your health care provider might clean the area that is in question.

Treatment of Mucormycosis

  • One of the first steps to treating mucormycosis is receiving anti-fungal infections through IV or intravenous. The next step that follows is surgical debridement which involves cutting away of the infected tissue. Removing away the infected part by cutting it away from the body prevents the chances of the infection from spreading to the other body parts.
  • If the response rate of the patient is fairly well to intravenous and tissue removal method, the doctor will move onto the stage of oral medications in place of IV.
  • As mucormycosis is not contagious, it is not likely to get passed onto from an already infected person. Therefore, this matter self-care measures are the only way to evade an infection. If your child has weak immunity, for example, ensure that he/she wears a mask while doing any activity that involves dust and inhaling any outside air that might be polluted. Taking precautions during any change of season is also recommended.
2779 people found this helpful

Nail Psoriasis - How To Know If You Are Suffering From It?

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Surat
Nail Psoriasis - How To Know If You Are Suffering From It?

Psoriasis, in general, is a persistent autoimmune condition that causes the speedy development of skin cell. This increase in the number of cells causes unhealthy scales on the surface of the skin.


Symptoms of nail psoriasis
Symptoms to watch out for are the nails cracking right from the nail bed. This, in medicinal term, is known as onycholysis and it creates space that can get contaminated by germs. Soreness or a sponge like feeling beneath the nails, pitting, warping and hardening of the nails, discoloration, painful chalk like build up beneath the cuticles which causes the nail to move upwards, are common symptoms as well. This is known as subungual hyperkeratosis. As a rule, almost everybody who is affected by general psoriasis, suffer from nail psoriasis.

Sometimes nail psoriasis may be accompanied by fungal infections. A parting amid the nail and nail bed is the perfect environment for the fungi to grow. If the symptoms you are experiencing are extremely moderate, treatment may not be required. If the discoloration, nail hardening or chipping of the nails is severe, it is probably a good time to make an appointment with a dermatologist.


Causes
A diet deficient in Calcium, Vitamin C or B12 can lead to this condition. Unhygienic habits can aggravate the condition. Psoriasis, in most cases, is acquired genetically. A weak immune system can also be a marker. Certain steps can be taken to keep the nails healthy. Keeping the nails clipped short and clean helps. Wearing gloves while working in the kitchen, during gardening or washing is another preventive measure you can always take.

Treatment
It may be hard to treat nail psoriasis; while topical medicines are prescribed, they usually don’t work that well. Oral D3 supplements can be taken. D3 ointments, light or photo therapy and finally corticosteroid injections directly aimed to the nail bed may ease the situation. In very severe cases, nails may need to be removed with the help of surgery, so as to help new nails to grow back. Patience is the key word.

4801 people found this helpful

Ringworm - Decoding Common Myths!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Ghaziabad
Ringworm - Decoding Common Myths!

Ringworm is something which is quite unpleasant to have, to say the very least. However, there are just so many myths about it and if a person is to avoid it, debunking of these myths is something which is quite critical!

It comes in all forms!

Ringworm can affect a person even when he or she thinks it is something else. As a matter of fact, a barber’s itch is not a form of lice, as many people believe it to be. In actuality, it is a beard ringworm! The effect of this sort of ringworm can be quite irritating as what happens is that there is swelling of the face and sometimes even the person’s neck. There are various parts of the body which can be affected by ringworm, apart from the face. These include the scalp, the feet and sometimes, even the groin area.

Anyone can get it!

Many people are of the opinion that it is only children who are at risk to get ringworm. While it is true that children seem to have the propensity to be diagnosed with it, it is something which can affect people across all age groups. As a result, it is very important for a person to be aware of ringworm and what it looks like regardless of his or her age.

It is not caused by worms!

No matter how misleading its name may be, there is actually no worm as such which leads to the problem known as ringworm. In fact, it is caused by dermatophytes, which are a sort of fungi. The reason why it is called ringworm is due to the effect it has on the skin; it red spots on the skin in the pattern of rings, usually. However, if a person happens to get ringworm of the scalp, then he or she may not develop the rings which are associated with ringworm. In its stead, he or she may see that the scalp is getting progressively flaky. A flaky scalp is often seen due to the effects of dandruff. In fact, both conditions are often confused.


Antibiotics don’t work!

When a person in a house has ringworm, it is generally thought that the problem is one which would go away as a result of following a course of treatment which involves some antibiotics. However, when it comes to ringworm, this is not the case. On account of the fact that it is a fungal infection, it is treated with anti-fungal medicines. Antibiotics kill bacteria. The fact that ringworm can be caught or given to a pet makes it something worth worrying about!

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2602 people found this helpful

Vaginal Fungal Infection - The Best Way You Can Deal With It!

MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Fellowship in Fetal Medicine
Gynaecologist, Amritsar
Vaginal Fungal Infection - The Best Way You Can Deal With It!

Vaginal fungal infection, otherwise called candidiasis, is a typical female condition. Fungal infections are brought on by the growth Candida. This growth is connected with extreme itching, swelling, and irritation. Every fungal infection is distinctive. Therefore, your doctor will recommend a treatment that is best for you. Medicines are by and large decided depending upon the seriousness of the infection.

A particular type of yeast called Candida albicans brings about most of the fungal infections. These fungal infections are effectively treatable. In case you are having repeating infections or issues disposing of an infection with ordinary treatment, then an alternate form of Candida may be the cause. A lab test can tell your doctor which sort of Candida you have. Here are a few ways with which you can deal with vaginal fungal infections:

Simple infections
For simple fungal infections, your specialist will mostly recommend the following treatment(s):

  1. A one to three-day application of an antifungal cream, balm or tablet Normal antifungal medicines is butoconazole (Gynazole), miconazole (Lotrimin), Monistat, and terconazole (Terazol). These medicines can be either prescribed or available over-the-counter.
  2. A solitary intake of oral medicine, for example, fluconazole (Diflucan).
  3. Women with simple fungal infections need to follow up with their specialist to make sure whether the medicine worked. A follow-up will likewise be important if your symptoms return within two months.

Complicated infections
Certain types of Candida will not react to simple treatment and will require a more forceful strategy. In case you meet one of the following criteria, your specialist will more likely tell you that your fungal infection is an extreme one.

Conceivable medications for extreme or complicated vaginal fungal infections include:

  1. 14-day cream, balm, tablet, or suppository vaginal treatment
  2. A few measures of fluconazole (Diflucan)
  3. Long-term medicine of fluconazole (Diflucan) that is taken once a week for six weeks.
  4. Treatment of your sexual partner or use of condoms while having intercourse.

You can treat vaginal fungal infections with regular cures in case that you might want to abstain from taking physician-recommended medicine. These are some mainstream normal cures:

  1. Tea tree oil cream
  2. Garlic or boric acid vaginal balms
  3. Plain yoghurt taken orally or applied into the vagina

Here are some normal strategies for counteractive action:

  1. Abstain from wearing tight jeans, underwear, tights, or stockings
  2. Abstain from utilising female antiperspirant or antiperspirant tampons or cushions
  3. Try not to roam around in wet clothes, particularly swimsuits
  4. Eat an all around adjusted diet
  5. Eat yoghurt or eat foods with lactobacillus
  6. Wear soft clothing, for example, cotton, cloth, or silk
  7. Abstain from sitting in hot tubs
  8. Wash clothes in warm water
  9. Abstain from using hot water bags
  10. Throw away old underwear as often as possible

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2613 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi sir/madam, Daily I am drinking twice lemon juice with hot water and honey, I am having fungal infection on my groins and seborrheic dermatitis on my head and nose, chest region. I want your valuable suggestions whether I can continue this or not. Whether more vitamin c creates pimples on the face and other body parts. Please give your suggestions.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Fungal infection or Ring worm. When occurs in groin, called as jock itch. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds. It's mostly circular or round in appearance. May be red or black in colour. Treatment depending on the type and severity. Avoid sharing clothes, towels and soap; sweating also increases it. As it has to be differentiated from eczema and infection, its a must to see and confirm the diagnosis for proper treatment. So, please send photos of the affected area by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
1 person found this helpful

Hello, I am suffering from a skin Fungal Infection. May be Tenia Cruris According to me It is now on my neck and face this is very annoying I took fluconazole 400 mg and terbinafine 250 mg tablets Along with terbinafine Hydrochloride ointment But It Did not Stop growing it Became Black Sometime and Red When itches Please Recommend Me Do And Don't for this.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Bhubaneswar
As mentioned by you variety of colours like sometimes red sometimes black around neck and face area suggest you might have pityriasis versicolor. To treat properly better you send clear close up photographs.
3 people found this helpful

Hello sir, I am having a fungal infection in groins and on buttock named as jock itch. I am an athlete and I sweat daily. Prescribe me an antibiotic and medication for jock itch. My jock itch is at worst position.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Delhi
There is no Antibiotic for jock itch You have to take oral antifungal tablets like terbinfine for about 2 weeks or more Wear cotton clothes and apply anti fungal powders to keep the area dry.
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from fungal infection all most of the body and heavy itching in that places .From last 2 months .Please prescribe me the medicines.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mumbai
You may be suffering from tinea cruris which is fungal infection of the inner thighs, groin and buttocks area. It is also called jock itch. It can be treated by taking four to six weeks of anti fungal treatment which includes tablets along with creams. Do not use soap over that area. Mistreatment with over the counter Steroid containing creams like fourderm, panderm, quadriderm, dermi5, betnovate, dermikem OC, candid b etc lead to repeated case of recurrence and also side effects due to application. Do not use steroid containing combination creams. Please contact me using online consult option with photos for detailed prescription. Do not delay treatment as it may spread further on your body and also to other people living in the household.

Hi sir, I have a itching and fungal infection in a personal part of body or any where I face a problem continuously please give m some treatment.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL), Fellowship in Aesthetic and Cosmetic Surgery
Dermatologist, Pune
First keep the area dry avoid sweating Do not any cream by yourself Wear your clothes after ironing For treatment you need to consult me online.

Table of Content

Play video
Fungal Infection
Fungal infections of the skin are very common and include athlete's foot, jock itch, ringworm, and yeast infections. These are experienced by as many as 3 out of 4 women during their lifetime. Most women experience at least two infections.
Play video
Fungal Infection
Hello friends!

I am Dr. Umesh Bilewar, consultant dermatologist and hair transplant surgeon from Ozone Care Clinic, Seawoods. As rainy season is here, I am here to talk about most common problem of rainy season that is fungal infection. This is known by different names. So why it is happening? Why it is there? Actually most important factor in case of fungal infection is moisture. You must have seen fungus growing on damp walls. You might have seen fungus growing on breads which are staying outside for few days because those catch moisture actually. In human body there are certain areas which are moisture prone like groin area because of sweating and another another skinfold which are prone for moisture.

These moisture prone areas tends to grow few fungal elements and in rainy season it is more because our clothes tends to get more wet often. We tend to wear damp clothes actually. So because of these factors and because of overall damp environment we have more amount of fungal infections in this season. What to do about it? The most important factor is to take care of the moisture part. You have to make sure that things are dry at all these places. We have to make sure that you are wearing dry clothes only. Second thing is treat fungal infection to the earliest.

Don't wait for it to progress further. Third important thing is don't self medicate yourself. Don't buy medicine on your own from pharmacy because most of those contains steroids and if you apply those you will get a temporary relief but what's going to happen is after sometime as soon as you stop the medication the fungus is going to grow further and it will increase in the size and it will increase in severity and if you continue these medicine for longer duration of time it is going to have side effects like stretch marks. Fungus can become less responsive to medication and all.

So it is very important that you should not self medicate. 4th important thing is consult a proper dermatologist having a proper recognised degree. Another important thing is you should take proper course prescribed by your Dermatologist. don't leave the course in between that will also need to recurrence of the fungal infection. That may also lead to the resistance of the fungus. Take care this rainy season. This is Dr. Umesh signing off. For further information you can contact us on our website.

Thank you!
Play video
Fungal Infection
How To Avoid Risk Of Fungal Infection?
Play video
Fungal Infection
Causes of Recurrent Fungal Infection
Play video
Fungal Infection
How to get rid of Fungal Infection?
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice