Vaginal itching is an uncomfortable and painful sensation that you may face due to infection, menopause or irritating substances. You may also experience vaginal itching because of certain skin disorders or sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). You must consult a dermatologist if the itching is constant and continues for more than a week. You should also get professional advice as soon as you feel pain in genital area, trouble while urinating, unusual vaginal discharge or blisters on the vulva. In extreme cases, it may be due to stress or vulva cancer. The treatment your dermatologist suggests will be according to the types of vaginitis like bacterial vaginosis, yeast infections, trichomoniasis, and vaginal atrophy.
The dermatologist will conduct a pelvic examination wherein, they will visually inspect your vulva and may even use a speculum to see inside your vagina. The treatment will be done after finding out the exact cause. Bacterial vaginosis can be treated by consuming certain medications. Metronidazole is a medication that can be taken as pills through the mouth or as a gel to be applied. Another cream clindamycin is known to relieve the pains by applying on your vagina. Yeast infections can be treated by over the counter medications available in the form of antifungal creams called miconazole, clotrimazole, butoconazole or tioconazole. They can also be treated by oral antifungal medications such as fluconazole. To treat trichomoniasis, your dermatologist may prescribe metronidazole or tinidazole tablets. Vaginal atrophy is also called genitourinary syndrome of menopause. It can be treated by consuming estrogen in the form of tablets, creams or rings.
If you have been suffering from extreme discomfort or pain in your vagina for more than a week, you must consult a doctor. Also, you must immediately see a doctor if you face pain in genital area, trouble while urinating, unusual vaginal discharge or blisters on the vulva.
Mild irritation in the vagina may be due to a particular cloth or certain soap. Try to change these conditions before going to a doctor.
You may experience temporary nausea, headache, tiredness or mild itchiness in other parts of your skin after consuming these medications. Do not worry, these effects wear off after some time.
Remember to keep very good care of your genital area. Wash the area at least once with plain, unscented soap. Do not use perfume or deodorant sprays near your vagina. Practice safe sex i.e. use condoms while indulging in sexual intercourse so as to protect yourself from STDs.
The recovery time depends on the type of vaginitis you are suffering from and the severity of your condition.
Metronidazole vaginal gel may cost around ₹27 per 30gm. Fluconazole may cost around ₹35 per capsule.
The results of the treatment are permanent if you take the proper measures.
You may try using some home remedies to get rid of vaginal itching. Wash your genital area with warm water and mild cleanser. Change your underwear every day and wash your clothes well. Avoid using scented soaps or lotions near your vagina. Having yogurt with live cultures is known to decrease the chances of getting yeast infections.
Rs. 27 to Rs.35
Most women suffer from gynaecological infection at least once in their life while some may suffer from them multiple times. The most common infections that affect women’s reproductive tracts are vulvitis, vaginitis, cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease or the dreaded PID. What’s even worse is the fact that these dangerous infections are often missed in women due to lack of information and the absence of health services, especially in rural parts of the country.
Let’s take a quick look at each one of the above four gynaecological infections:
Vulvitis is an inflammation of the vulva, the tender folds of skin outside the vagina.
Common symptoms include-
Causes can include anything from the use of toilet paper, swimming in pools, synthetic underwear, rubbing against a bike seat, bubble baths to shampoos and deodorants…
Usually, urine tests, blood tests and tests for sexually transmitted diseases are used to diagnose this infection. Vulvitis can be caused due to a number of reasons and it’s also a symptom of other more dangerous diseases, hence its treatment is done taking all these factors into mind.
Treatment can include-
Vaginitis refers to any inflammation of the vagina. Usually, the inflammation strikes the walls of the vagina. It can be infectious or non-infectious. This infection is common in women of all ages with one-third of women reporting suffering from the infection at some time during their lives.
These can be many like infection with bacteria, yeast, viruses etc. Chemicals in creams or sprays, and even clothing can cause the condition. It can be sexually transmitted too. Your hormones, overall health and other diseases you may have – all of these also determine whether you’ll get vaginitis.
The 3 types of vaginitis are-
Vaginitis should always be taken seriously. If left untreated, vaginitis can cause PID which can lead to infertility. If you get a discharge- a frothy white discharge or a colourless discharge with a fishy disorder and see redness around your vagina and pain during urination or sex- don’t take it lightly, but fix an appointment with your gynaecologist ASAP. He or she will mostly treat you using antibiotics.
This is an irritation or infection of the cervix. It is caused by a number of different organisms and it can be either acute or chronic. Common causes are sexually transmitted diseases or STDs like-
Pelvic exam and tests for STDs are used for diagnosing this infection. Treatment includes the use of antibiotics for the victim and her sexual partner to prevent re-infection.
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection that affects the woman’s entire reproductive tract like the uterus, fallopian tubes, and the ovaries. It causes scar tissue formation which grows between internal organs leading to chronic pelvic pain. PID can also lead to ectopic pregnancy or a pregnancy which happens when the fertilized egg grows outside the uterus. Untreated PIDs can lead to chronic infection and infertility.
The main cause of PID is bacteria. Intra uterine device use is also linked to PIDs.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Burning urination or painful urination is also called dysuria, and it is one of the most common complaints amongst women. Another common problem is frequent urination. What are the causes of these two conditions? Are they in fact related?
Frequent urination, in simple terms, is also sometimes called overactive bladder and it is the need to urinate more than you normally would. This can cause loss of bladder control too. You may feel extremely full even after using the toilet and the feeling is extremely uncomfortable. Medical practitioners bracket urinating every two hours or more as frequent urination.
Some of the underlying causes are
Burning sensation while urinating
Common reasons behind it
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
A yeast infection in the vagina is characterized by itchiness, irritation in the vulva and vaginal discharge. Inflammation occurs in the tissues of the vagina, leading to constant itching. Though this is not a sexually transmitted infection, the fungus may spread via oral sex where the mouth and genitals come in contact.
The symptoms of vaginal yeast infection are:
1. You may experience a painful sensation during sexual intercourse
2. An itching sensation in the vaginal opening
3. A sore and painful vagina
4. Rashes may develop in the vagina
5. You may have a thick and whitish discharge from your vagina
Apart from this, the symptoms may turn severe under certain circumstances. The risk factors are:
1. If you are a diabetic, then you are at a high risk of contracting this infection
3. If you are taking medications or have infections such as HIV then it may cause your immune system to malfunction. This increases your risk of vaginal yeast infections.
4. Multiple episodes of yeast infections (about 4 or more).
Causes behind it
The vaginal yeast infection is caused by a fungus known as candida. This fungus naturally exists in the vagina along with a bacterium called ‘lactobacillus’. This bacteria produces a substance that controls the over growth of the yeast. Yeast infection occurs when the balance is disturbed due to various factors such as:
1. If you are pregnant
2. Taking antibiotics may modify the pH balance of your vagina, leading to yeast infection
3. Any therapy or medication that increases estrogen levels in the body
4. If you have diabetes or an impaired immune system
Medications such as ointments, tablets and creams are administered to get rid of the yeast infection. It is recommended to not use latex condoms as birth control measures; as the oily nature of the lotions and ointment can weaken the latex thus, increasing the risks of unplanned pregnancies.
There are certain preventive measures which you may adopt to prevent these infections, them being:
1. Do not wear tight fitting undergarments
2. The material of your clothes should preferably be cotton based
3. Do not use hot water for your bath
4. Don’t stay in your wet clothes for long hours
To keep the vagina healthy and clean, a pale white, odourless fluid is discharged from the vagina. However, in cases where there is an infection in the vagina, this discharge may change in terms of both colour and odour. This condition is known as leucorrhoea and can affect women of different ages. There are two types of leucorrhoea:
In such cases, the discharge is caused by a fluctuation in hormonal levels. It usually affects girls going through puberty, women in the state of sexual excitement or in the first trimester of pregnancy and newborn baby girls.
Inflammatory or pathological
This type of leucorrhoea may be triggered by a number of conditions including vaginal yeast infections, cervicitis and trichomonal vaginitis. Some of the symptoms of this infection are:
Vaginitis is the inflammation of one’s vagina accompanied by pain during intercourse, mild vaginal bleeding, painful urination, vaginal itching or a considerable change in the amount, odor and color of the vaginal discharge.
1. A certain level of bacteria is normally found in one’s vagina (lactobacilli). Now if this count is outnumbered by the other bacteria (anaerobes), the balance in the vagina gets disrupted giving rise to bacterial vaginosis. Such kind of vaginitis usually stems from sexual intercourse with multiple sex partners.
2. Yeast infection occurs due to an overgrowth of fungal organisms in one’s vagina, especially Candida Albicans.
3. Trichomoniasis caused by the one celled microscopic parasite ‘Trichomonas Vaginalis’ generally spreads through sexual intercourse with an infected partner. The condition also makes one vulnerable to various sexually transmitted infections.
4. Spermicidal products, scented detergents, perfumed soaps, douches, vaginal sprays or foreign objects such as tampons that were not taken out or tissue paper might trigger allergic reactions or irritation in the vaginal tissues.