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Vaginal Itching Tips

योनि में खुजली का कारण - Yoni Main Khujli Ka Karan!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
योनि में खुजली का कारण  - Yoni Main Khujli Ka Karan!

खुजली, आमतौर पर महिलाओं और पुरुषों को समान रूप से ही प्रभावित करती है. लेकिन गुप्तांग यानि योनि में खुजली से अक्सर कई महिलाएं परेशान होती हैं. योनि में खुजली से ज्यादातर महिलाएँ पीड़ित होती हैं. योनि में खुजली को खमीर संक्रमण या यीस्ट इन्फेक्शन भी कहते हैं. यह एक तरह का फंगस होता है जो कि काफी कम मात्रा में योनि में होता है. योनि में होने वाली इस खुजली के विषय में कई तरह के अफवाह भी हमारे समाज में व्याप्त हैं. इन अफवाहों से कई बार बहुत विषम परिस्थितियों का सामना करना पड़ता है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम योनि में होने वाली खुजली के कारणों की पड़ताल करें ताकि इस विषय में ज्यादा से ज्यादा महिलाओं को जागरूक किया जा सके.

क्या है योनि में खुजली का कारण?
योनि में खुजली होना खमीर संक्रमण के सबसे आम लक्षणों में से एक है. लेकिन योनि में खुजली होने का यह अकेला कारण नही होता है. इसके अलावा भी काफी सारी वजह होती है जैसे - सेक्स करते समय दर्द का अनुभव करना, मूत्र पथ संक्रमण, योनि सूजन, पेशाब करते समय दर्द का अनुभव करना, पेशाब के दौरान दर्द आदि. यह संक्रमण कोई बीमारी नहीं है, लेकिन यह समस्या उन महिलाओं में अधिक होती है जो यौन क्रिया में अक्सर सक्रिय रहती हैं. जबकि बहुत से मामलों में देखने को मिलता है कि एंटीबायोटिक्स लेने से भी इंफेक्शन फैल सकता है. इसके अलावा प्रेगनेंसी के दौरान भी हार्मोन बदलाव, डायबिटीज, एड्स, एस्ट्रोजन लेवल आदि भी इस समस्या का कारण हो सकते है.

यीस्ट इन्फेक्शन में सेब सिरका का उपयोग-
योनि इन्फेक्शन के मुख्य कारणों में से एक होता है पीएच लेवल का सही न होना, जिस कारण इन्फेक्शन होता है. सेब के सिरके में प्रकृतिक एंजाइम मौजूद होते है, जो गुप्तांग के पीएच लेवल को बैलेंस रखने में मदद करते है.
सेब का सिरका, पेट से जुड़ी समस्याएं जैसे कब्ज, इंम्यून सिस्टम को अच्छा करने के अलावा एंटीवायरल, एंटीबैक्टीरियल और एंटीफंगल गुणों से पूर्ण होने के कारण मददगार साबित होता है. इसके लिए सबसे पहले 3 बड़ी चम्मच सेब के सिरके को 2 कप गर्म पानी में मिलाएं और इस सोलूशन को रूई के छोटे फोहों का प्रयोग कर अपनी योनि को दिन में दो बार धोएं. ऐसा तब तक करें, जबतक हालात में फर्क न दिखने लगे. याद रहें कि सोलूशन में सिरका और पानी बराबर मात्र में मौजूद हो. इसके अलावा, सेब के सिरके का सेवन करने से भी बहुत लाभ मिलता है.

योनि की खुजली के लिए एलोवेरा के लाभ-
वैसे तो एलोवेरा के कई लाभ होते है. इसे त्वचा के साथ ही कई ब्यूटी प्रोडक्टस् में प्रयोग किया जाता है. यह विटामिन, एंजाइम और अमीनो एसिड आदि से पूर्ण होता हैं. जिस कारण यह खमीर संक्रमण के विकास को बाधित करने में मदद करता हैं. साथ ही योनि में खुजली बढ़ने को कंट्रोल करते है. इसके लिए आप एलोवेरा पत्ती से जेल निकालकर इसका सेवन करने से काफी लाभ मिलता है. इसके अलावा आप इस जेल को प्रभावित क्षेत्र पर लगा सकते है और उसके बाद इस क्षेत्र को पानी से धो लें. ऐसा कुछ दिनों तक करें, जबतक इन्फेक्शन में आराम न हों.
 

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All About Acute Vaginitis!

MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata

Acute vaginitis: Vaginitis is an inflammation of vagina.

Causes: Imbalance of normal vagina. Any infections. Low estrogen level mostly after menopause. And some diseases of skin. Parasites. Transmission by sexual intercourse.

Types:

  • Bacterial vaginosis – due to imbalance of normal vagina.
  • Yeast infection – fungal infection mostly candida albicans.
  • Trichomoniasis – caused by parasites and transmitted by sexual intercourse.


Signs and symptoms: 

  • Vaginal itching and irritation.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse and painful urination.
  • Discharge from vagina – grayish white which is foul smell discharge in bacterial vaginosis; whitish thick discharge resembles like cotton in yeast infection; greenish yellow frothy discharge in trichomoniasis vaginitis.
  • Vaginal bleeding – lightly or spotted like appearance.


Homoeopathic remedies for acute vaginitis:

  • Hydrastis:

Vaginitis is due to erosion of cervix or excoriation. Vaginal mucous membrane was sensitive and inflammed can’t bear to touch. Leucorrhoea will be acrid and corroding after menses and infection spread upwards and causes pelvic inflammatory diseases. Pain will be dragging and dull leads to stiffness around lumbar region. Pain was very severe that she cannot getup from sitting position without support of her hands. Pruritus vulva is associated with acute vaginitis. Thick and yellowish ropy secretions.

  • Modalities:

 

  1. Aggravation by heat in general, warmth application, heat on bed, thinking of the complaints.
  2. Amelioration by cold application.
  • Apis mellifica:

Vagina appears oedematous and puffy with vulva, labia with stinging type of pains with soreness. Sensation of tightness and bearing down pain as would menses appears. Pain worse on day time and by heat.

  • Modalities:
  1. Aggravation by hot things, touch, clothings.
  2. Amelioration by cold application, open air.
  • Cantharis:

Vaginitis due to urinary tract infection. Complaints of burning micturition. Persistent purulent discharge at times of blood stained per vagina. Pain and soreness in vulva.

  • Modalities:
  1. Aggravation by touch, while urinatin.
  2. Amelioration by rubbing the parts.

 

  • Senecio aureus:

Mostly indicated for acute vaginitis with burning and intense like labour pain. Vagina is dry and hot. Dragging pain and itching makes her embarrassed. Vaginitis after using intra uterine contractive device’s, functional amenorrhea in young girls, secondary infection due to urinary tract infection. Associates with backache. Pain spreads all over the abdomen.

  • Modalities:
  1. Aggravation by warmth in general, touch.
  2. Amelioration by washing parts by cold water, rest.

 

  • Kreosotum:

Corrosive itching in vulval area. Burning and swelling of labia. Violent itching in between labia and thighs. Leucorrhoea due to infections, which is yellow, acrid with odour of green corn. Vaginitis in post menopausal ladies due to hormonal imbalance and vaginal prolapse.

  • Modalities:

 

  1. Aggravation by cold in general, after menstruation, rest.
  2. Amelioration by warm application, motion.

 

  • Thuja:

Very sensitive vagina, their is a warty growths and condylomata, on the vulva and perineum. Their is a history of suppressed gonorrhea. Leucorrhoea is profuse which is thick and greenish. Dryness of the walls of vagina with polypoid growth. Intensive pain after gentle touch and while walking. Painful coition.

Modalities:

  1. Aggravation by damp wet weather, in the evening, washing.
  2. Amelioration by hard pressure, warmth, cold bathing, after sleep.

Homeopathic Medicines For Vaginal Candidiasis!

MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata

Top natural homeopathic remedies for vaginal candidiasis

Sepia and calcarea carb:- best homeopathic remedies for vaginal candidiasis with milky white vaginal discharge
Both sepia and calcarea carb are top natural homeopathic medicines for treating vaginal candidiasis where the vaginal discharge is milky white in color. The women needing sepia complain of excessive itching, excoriation in the vulva and vagina along with milky white vaginal discharge. The itching is not relieved by scratching. There are soreness and swelling of the labia minora, vulva and vagina. Heat in genitals is also noted. Irritation and stitches in vagina are also felt. Sepia is also the best homeopathic prescription for pain in vagina on coition due to vaginal candidiasis. It is a very beneficial remedy for complaints experienced around climacteric or menopausal time. Bearing down pains in womb are also a characteristic key note guiding its use. Homeopathic medicine calcarea carb too is of great help in the treatment of vaginal candidiasis with milky white vaginal discharge. One major prominent symptom for using calcarea carb is worsening of the vaginal discharge on passing urine. The discharge is accompanied by burning and itching in the genitals that is worse before and after periods. The vagina and vulva show signs of swelling, with redness. A history of heavy bleeding during periods may be found in women needing calcarea carb.

Pulsatilla: homeopathic remedy for vaginal candidiasis with peculiar thick, creamy vaginal discharge
Pulsatilla is an ideal homeopathic remedy forvaginal candidiasis with a peculiar thick, creamy vaginal discharge. The discharge is accompanied by much burning and corrosive itching in the genitals. The vaginal discharge is experienced throughout the month i. E. Before, during and after periods. The discharge is very acrid. Backache can be narrated by a few women. Apart from these particular features, some general symptoms of high significance should also be taken into consideration for using pulsatilla. The first among these is absence of thirst the whole day even if the mouth is dry. The second is the desire for cool open air. A person feels quite better in open surroundings in general. The third symptom refers to the mental state of women: sensitive nature and weeping easily. The woman has a very mild nature and starts to weep over minor issues. Consolation is relieving for the women. Such women are also of yielding disposition.

Thuja and nitric acid: homeopathic remedies for vaginal candidiasis with excessive soreness and ulcers
When due to extreme acridity of vaginal discharge and scratching, ulcers begin to appear in vulva or vagina, then thuja and nitric acid are the best natural homeopathic remedies. Thuja is the ideal homeopathic medicine when excessive excoriation, burning and smarting is felt in vulva and vagina due to ulcers. There is also discomfort and sensitiveness in vagina during coition. Nitric acid is the ideal homeopathic medicine when irritation in genitals with stitching type of pain is prominent. The vaginal discharge is white with excessive soreness of parts. Burning and itching are felt in vagina. The discharge may leave a yellow stain. In others, the vaginal discharge is white and stringy in nature for using nitric acid.

Monilia albicans: homeopathic remedy for vaginal candidiasis with fissures or cracks in vulva or vagina
Monilia albicans, also known as candida albicans, is a powerful nosode used in homeopathic treatment for vaginal candidiasis with efficient results. The most important indication is presence of cracks or fissures in the vulva or vagina. Itching is always present. In others, marked inflammation and swelling in the parts are noted. In a few women, vesicular eruptions containing fluid may be present in vulva or vagina for which homeopathic medicine monilia albicans is the ideal remedy.

Helonias: top homeopathic treatment for vaginal candidiasis with specific curdy deposits in vulva
Helonias is the best homeopathic remedy when peculiar curdy deposits are present in the vulva. There is inflammation of parts with swelling, intense heat, burning and redness. Intense itching in genitals too is marked. Along with this particular symptom, excessive weakness, tiredness and prostration are also frequently noticed. Backache is common along with other symptoms. A highly marked characteristic for using natural homeopathic remedy helonias is general relief when the woman keeps busy and the mind is involved in doing some work.

Homeopathic remedies for extreme itching in vulva or vagina due to vaginal candidiasis-
The top natural homeopathic medicines for controlling intense itching in vulva or vagina due to candida infection are kreosote, sepia and medorrhinum. Kreosote is a highly recommended homeopathic medicine for controlling intense itching in parts due to candida infection. It is very beneficial for women who have intense corrosive, burning and itching in vulva with a highly acrid discharge. Swelling of the vulva is also present. Sepia is used when itching is experienced along with milky white vaginal discharge. Medorrhinum is the ideal homeopathic remedy when the vaginal discharge is very thin and highly acrid with marked itching. The characteristic feature for using medorrhinum is worsening of itching when thinking of it.

Homeopathic medicines for pain or burning in vagina during coition due to candida infection-
Sepia is an excellent naturalhomeopathic remedy for pain in vagina felt on coition due to vaginal candidiasis. Homeopathic medicine lycopodium is very useful when burning in vagina is felt during and after coition. And if only sensitiveness is felt in vagina during coition, then homeopathic medicine thuja is recommended.

Itchy Vulva - Its Maintenance And Treatment With Homeopathy!

MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata

Homoepathic treatment Vulva (Pruritis Vulva)

Itchy vulva (pruritis vulva)- Itchy vulva (pruritus vulvae) is itching of the skin of the vulva. The vulva is the skin outside the vagina, including the lips of the vagina and the skin between the vagina and the anus.
An itchy vulva (pruritus vulvae) is a symptom, not a condition in itself.
Vulval itching can affect any woman, at any age. It can lead to scratching and rubbing which can break the skin and can lead to soreness, bleeding and skin infections.

 

Causes-
The problem of pruritus vulvae or itchy vulva can affect any woman at any age and that can be mild or severe depending upon a number of other factors. There are some factors which can aggravate or cause pruritus vulvae. Here are some of the causes of pruritus vulvae or itchy vulva-

  • Infections-  Thrush, threadworms, scabies, some sexually transmitted infections, such as trichomoniasis and genital warts.
  • Sensitivity of the vulval skin is the most common cause of persistent vulval itch. The vulval skin can become sensitive to anything that comes into contact with it, such as: creams, soaps,
  • Perfumes, deodorants, excessive sweat, condoms, wet wipes, textile dyes (in coloured underwear) detergents
  • Fabric conditioners- may cause an itchy vulva or just irritate a vulva that is already itchy. (panty liners, sanitary pads and tampons)
  • Skin conditions that may affect vulval skin- Atopic eczema, psoriasis. Lichen simplex can affect the vulva. It is caused by scratching, usually initially triggered by the itch of eczema. Lichen planus affects the vulval skin and the entrance to the vagina. Urinary or faecal incontinence. This can make the skin of the vulva moist and irritated. In little girls a particularly common cause is careless or inadequate washing or drying of the area, and wiping the bottom in the'wrong' direction (towards the front). Scrubbing too vigorously with toilet tissue can also contribute.
  • Menopause- Because of lower oestrogen levels, the vulval skin tends to become thinner and drier during and after the menopause. This can make it prone to itch. The low oestrogen levels can also cause vaginal dryness.
  • Pregnancy- This can cause itch due to swelling of the veins in the vulva (vulval engorgement). There is also an increased risk of vaginal discharge and thrush during pregnancy, which may also cause itch.
  • Breastfeeding- Can cause itch due to low oestrogen levels.

Generalised body itch -
Any cause of generalised body itch may also cause itching of the vulva. A generalised body itch may be a side-effect of some medicines or due to some blood disorders, thyroid problems or kidney or liver disease.
Diabetes- Can cause itch in the vulval area, particularly if the diabetes is not well controlled and sugar levels are tending to run high.
Stress- Stress can cause an itchy vulva. It may also make an itchy vulva which is due to some other cause last long after the original cause has settled.

Management and homoeopathic treatment for itchy vulva-
· identifying and stopping the use of anything that may be sensitive the vulval skin.
· in young girls, learning to wipe gently from front to back, and to wash and rinse well and dry even when showering (when the vulva can be missed or left soapy).
· wear loose 100% cotton panty. Avoid nylon or synthetic panty material which tends to block fresh air and causes you to sweat more.
· change panty daily.
· avoid wearing tight-fitting clothes such as cycling shorts or leggings. Skirts and dresses are probably better than trousers.
· consider wearing no underwear - for example, at home, and at night.
· wash vulva gently, once a day. Do not scrub or wash vigorously and avoid using a sponge or flannel to wash with. Over-cleaning may make symptoms worse.
· taking a shower is generally better than having a bath, as it's easier to wash the vulva - but take care to wash off any soap.
· don't put on underwear until vulva is fully dry. Dry the skin gently by dabbing it with a soft towel.
· try to avoid getting shampoo (which runs down the body in a shower) on to the vulva, where it may irritate.
· avoid antiseptics or special vaginal washes.
· avoid condoms that are lubricated with spermicide, as they can be sensitising. Similarly, avoid perfumed lubricants.

Homoeopathic treatment for itchy vulva-
The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach.
Homeopathy for itchy vulva can help this increasingly common condition without harmful side effects of traditional medicines.

Several remedies are available to treat itchy vulva that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints.

  • Apis mel- Follicular vulvitis with abscesses of labia ; neuralgia of external pudenda.
  • Calcarea carb- Itching and stitches either in the internal or external vulva or in both at the same time.
  • Cantharis- Burning and violent itching with dysuria, cutting and burning with frequent micturition.
  • Carbo veg- Itching of vulva and anus from varicose veins in the genitals producing even dysuria; red and sore places about the vulva with itching and leucorrhcea.
  • Coffea- Excessive sensitiveness about vulva with voluptuous itching would like to rub or scratch the parts but they are too sensitive.
  • Conium- Violent itching of vulva followed by pressing-down of uterus especially after menses ; urine flowing and stopping alternately at every emission.
  • Croton tig- Intense itching relieved by gentle scratching.
  • Dulcamara- Herpetic eruption on vulva aggravated by every cold change of weather or by exposure in cold, damp places.
  • Graphites- Itching vesicles and pimples on labia which smart and are painful ; painless pimples on inside of labia ; itching, smarting, painful vesicles on vulva ; itching worse before menses.
  • Helonias- Mucous membrane of labia red, swollen, and covered with a white, curdy deposit like aphthae ; no sexual excitement.
  • Hydrastis- Excessive pruritus with profuse albuminous ieucorrhoea and great sexual excitement.
  • Kali brom- Excessive pruritus of the genitals from uterine or ovarian irritation or from venous hyperesthesia ; great sexual excitement, nearly nymphomania.
  • Kreasote- Corrosive itching of the vulva with soreness and burning when scratching ; aphthous or inflammatory state of external parts, symptomatic of ovarian or uterine disease.
  • Lycopodium- Great sense of dryness of the parts and much itching, especially during and after menses ; abdominal flatulence.
  • Mercurius- Long-lasting itching of vulva shortly before menses aggravated by a single drop even of urine, it has to be washed off; itching of the vulva, with pimples on raous veneris.
  • Natrum mur- Itching of vulva particularly if there is much falling off of hair; pimples on mons veneris.
  • Nitric acid- Violent itching of vulva always worse towards evening; when walking, with soreness; swelling and burning itching of one side of the vagina and of nymphee.
  • Petroleum- Itching in meatus urinarius during micturition, preceded by an urgent desire to urinate.
  • Sepia- Burning and itching with swelling and redness, and humid eruption within the labia ; weight in the anus.
  • Silicea- Itching of vulva from acrid leucorrhcea ; constipation; stool slipping back when partly evacuated.
  • Sulphur- Troublesome itching of the vulva with pimples all around; violent itching of the clitoris.
  • Tarantula- Dryness and heat of the parts ; intense itching, worse at night, accompanied by thin, acrid, yellow leucorrhcea ; urine with thick white sediment.
  • Thuja- Itching of vulva when walking.
  • Zincum- Itching of vulva during menses.

Gynaecological Infections - Why Should You Be Aware Of It?

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), DGO, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Gynaecological Infections - Why Should You Be Aware Of It?

Most women suffer from gynaecological infection at least once in their life while some may suffer from them multiple times. The most common infections that affect women’s reproductive tracts are vulvitis, vaginitis, cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease or the dreaded PID. What’s even worse is the fact that these dangerous infections are often missed in women due to lack of information and the absence of health services, especially in rural parts of the country.

Let’s take a quick look at each one of the above four gynaecological infections:

Vulvitis
Vulvitis is an inflammation of the vulva, the tender folds of skin outside the vagina.

Common symptoms include-

  • Redness and swelling on the lips of the vulva
  • Itching
  • Clear, fluid-filled blisters
  • White, sore and thick patches on the vulva

Causes can include anything from the use of toilet paper, swimming in pools, synthetic underwear, rubbing against a bike seat, bubble baths to shampoos and deodorants…

Usually, urine tests, blood tests and tests for sexually transmitted diseases are used to diagnose this infection. Vulvitis can be caused due to a number of reasons and it’s also a symptom of other more dangerous diseases, hence its treatment is done taking all these factors into mind.

Treatment can include-

  • Avoiding irritants like swimming in pools
  • Sitz baths with soothing compounds for itch control

Vaginitis
Vaginitis refers to any inflammation of the vagina. Usually, the inflammation strikes the walls of the vagina. It can be infectious or non-infectious. This infection is common in women of all ages with one-third of women reporting suffering from the infection at some time during their lives.

Causes
These can be many like infection with bacteria, yeast, viruses etc. Chemicals in creams or sprays, and even clothing can cause the condition. It can be sexually transmitted too. Your hormones, overall health and other diseases you may have – all of these also determine whether you’ll get vaginitis. 

The 3 types of vaginitis are-

  1. Candidiasis
  2. Bacterial vaginosis
  3. Trichomoniasis vaginitis
  4. Viral vaginitis
  5. Noninfectious vaginitis

Vaginitis should always be taken seriously. If left untreated, vaginitis can cause PID which can lead to infertility. If you get a discharge- a frothy white discharge or a colourless discharge with a fishy disorder and see redness around your vagina and pain during urination or sex- don’t take it lightly, but fix an appointment with your gynaecologist ASAP. He or she will mostly treat you using antibiotics.

Cervicitis
This is an irritation or infection of the cervix. It is caused by a number of different organisms and it can be either acute or chronic. Common causes are sexually transmitted diseases or STDs like-

Symptoms

  1. Smelly discharge containing pus
  2. Pelvic pain
  3. Bleeding between periods or after sex
  4. Urinary issues

Pelvic exam and tests for STDs are used for diagnosing this infection. Treatment includes the use of antibiotics for the victim and her sexual partner to prevent re-infection.

Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection that affects the woman’s entire reproductive tract like the uterus, fallopian tubes, and the ovaries. It causes scar tissue formation which grows between internal organs leading to chronic pelvic pain. PID can also lead to ectopic pregnancy or a pregnancy which happens when the fertilized egg grows outside the uterus. Untreated PIDs can lead to chronic infection and infertility.
The main cause of PID is bacteria. Intra uterine device use is also linked to PIDs.

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Vaginal Infections - 4 Ways To Prevent Them!

MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Vaginal Infections - 4 Ways To Prevent Them!

An infection in a woman’s reproductive organ is characterized by pain, discomfort, itching, burning sensations and a foul smell. Even normally, a women’s reproductive organ creates a discharge which is a clear liquid but slightly cloudy. However, when this discharge becomes abnormal and has a foul smell, it could be a tell tale sign for a vaginal infection.

Symptoms of Vaginal Discharge:

  1. Your vaginal discharge is heavier than usual.

  2. The smell seems different and can be quite offensive.

  3. The color of your vaginal discharge may also change.

  4. Your vagina can swell and become sore.

  5. Itching and burning sensations are also felt.

  6. Sex is extremely uncomfortable and painful.

What causes a vaginal infection?

Sometimes vaginal discharges happen due to an allergic reaction or irritation caused by the use of products such as vaginal douches and creams.

Vaginal infections which are not contagious in nature can be caused by detergents, fabric softeners, perfumed soaps and vaginal sprays which may change the natural, chemical and bacterial balance of the organ.

Vaginal infections are also quite commonly caused by sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, Chlamydia, trichomoniasis, human papillomavirus (HPV) and herpes among others.

How can you prevent vaginal infections?

  1. Keep your genital area dry and clean – Every time you have a bath, clean your vagina with water and don’t use chemical or vaginal washes which can only make things worse. Vaginal infections can also occur due to the disturbance of the ph level (the balance of alkaline and acidic chemicals) in your vagina. Thus use only water to wash and maintain general hygiene.

  2. Avoid wearing underwear made out of nylon and synthetic material – These materials trap heat and moisture in your vagina and can make them smelly and itchy. Cotton underwear is recommended to prevent vaginal infections and also for general health.

  3. Eating yogurt or other pro-biotics can prevent vaginal infection – Any healthy vagina has a balance of many forms of bacteria and fungus. If you have pro-biotics such as plain yoghurts or other specially formulated foods, then it will help maintain the balance and prevent infections from happening.

  4. Use condoms – Always use either a female condom or ask your partner to use a male condom before engaging in intercourse. This will prevent the passing of sexually transmitted diseases which are a leading cause of vaginal infections.

3554 people found this helpful

Vaginal Itching - Quick Relief Measures!

MS- Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Vaginal Itching - Quick Relief Measures!

Vaginal itching is a condition which occurs when the vagina comes in contact with irritants or because of a vaginal infection. Menopause may also lead to conditions that trigger itching in the vagina. In some cases, sexually transmitted diseases and skin allergies also lead to vaginal itching. The conditions in itself is not a major cause of concern, however, one should consult a doctor to treat the underlying condition, if any.

Causes-

The main component of vaginal itching is the trigger, as there can be many of them. The various causes of vaginal itching are-

  1. Irritants: Vaginal contact with certain irritants can be the cause behind vaginal itching. Some common substances that irritate the vagina are:

    1. Creams

    2. Ointments

    3. Detergents

    4. Harsh soaps

    5. Topical contraceptives

    6. Scented toiletries

  2. Skin Problems: Certain skin problems such as eczema and psoriasis can result in itching and redness in the genitals. Eczema is a condition which is akin to allergies. Psoriasis is a condition which is characterized by itchy, scaly and red patches on the skin. These symptoms may slowly start spreading to the vagina.

  3. Infections in the Vagina: Infections in the vagina such as bacterial vaginosis and yeast infection can lead to vaginal itching. In addition to the vaginal itching, they can also lead to a foul smelling discharge from the vagina.

  4. Menopause: During menopause, the estrogen levels in the body dip, thus resulting in a dry vagina. A dry vagina can sometimes lead to vaginal itching.

  5. Stress: Excessive stress can lead to vaginal itching as stress affects the immune system in the body. A weakened immune system makes one prone to a number of disorders, vaginal itching being one of them.

  6. Sexually Transmitted Diseases: STDs such as gonorrhea and chlamydia are disorders, symptoms of which include itching in the vagina.

Treatments-

The treatment for vaginal itching begins with a diagnosis of the underlying condition that might be causing it in the first place. The treatment for this disorder is cause specific; hence the underlying condition needs to be identified. Antibiotics and antifungal medications may be administered to treat vaginal itching. For menopause related causes, estrogen creams or tablets are required.

You can also take preventive measures such as:

  1. Avoid using scented soaps.

  2. Use protection during sex.

  3. Wear cotton based underwear.

  4. Eat plenty of yoghurt.

2743 people found this helpful

How to Deal with Female Sexual Dysfunction?

Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad
How to Deal with Female Sexual Dysfunction?

How to Deal with Female Sexual Dysfunction?

Female Sexual Dysfunction (FSD) can be caused by both physical (e.g. illness, medication, hormone imbalance, etc.) and psychological (e.g. history of abuse, beliefs, mood, body image, etc.) factors. However, the definition of FSD isn’t based on a set of pre-determined factors that compare your current situation to some sort of so-called ‘normal’ situation. FSD is based on how YOU feel and whether YOU think there’s a problem. If you are concerned about your sexuality, or are not satisfied with the level of pleasure (or lack thereof) you are experiencing, then FSD may be the cause.

Understand what Female Sexual Dysfunction (FSD) means. FSD is only diagnosed if it is causing YOU significant distress about your sexuality. FSD can cause problems, or interfere, with a woman’s ability to respond sexually.

Know about the psychological causes of FSD. Formal diagnoses of FSD from a psychological perspective is based on the definitions provided in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, which is used by psychologists and psychiatrists in Canada and the United States. There are three types of FSD as per this manual:

  • Female Orgasmic Disorder (also known as anorgasmia) is when a woman has trouble experiencing an orgasm, or she is able to experience an orgasm, but it’s not as strong as it use to be.
  • Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder is when a woman has significantly reduced interest in sex, or is unable to be aroused. This can include having no interest in having sex, not experiencing any erotic thoughts or sexual fantasies, and the inability to become aroused from stimulation. Sometimes this, the most common kind of female sexual dysfunction by far, is also known as hypoactive sexual desire disorder or inhibited sexual desire disorder.
  • Gentio-Pelvic Pain/Penetration Disorder is when a woman has pain or anxiety with vaginal penetration. Depending on the specifics, this is also known as vaginismus(involuntary muscle spasms in the vagina that can be caused by scars, injuries, irritations or infections) or dyspareunia (pain during or after intercourse that can be caused by vaginal dryness, medications or hormonal changes) or vulvodynia (pain in the vulva). The specific name of the issue is based on the cause of the pain, as opposed to the fact that you have pain. There are physical therapists who specialize in helping women with these issues. Muscle relaxants and topical analgesics can also help.
  • These psychological problems can be caused by untreated anxiety or depression, or a history of sexual abuse. They can also be caused by: ongoing (sometimes internalized) issues you have with your partner. stress associated with work for family responsibilities; concern about your sexual performance; unresolved sexual orientation issues; and body image and self-esteem issues.

Review the physical or medical causes of FSD. There are many physical and medical reasons why you may experience FSD, they include:

  • Medical conditions including cancer, kidney failure, multiple sclerosis, heart disease and bladder problems. You won’t discover you have one of these issues because you experience FSD. Rather one of these issues that you already have may be the cause of your FSD.
  • Medications such as antidepressants, blood pressure medications, antihistamines and chemotherapy drugs can decrease sexual desire and the ability to have an orgasm. Depression itself can also cause sexual dysfunction. Oral contraceptives are also known to decrease sexual desire.
  • Hormonal changes that occur after you’ve given birth and while your breastfeeding, and after you’ve gone through menopause, can decrease sexual desire. These changes also cause physical changes to your genital tissues that may reduce the overall sensation in that area and cause vaginal dryness.

Realize what FSD is not. FSD is not any and every problem with a woman’s sexuality, and there is no ‘normal’ for women to measure themselves against. Normal is what you want it to be and are comfortable with. 

  • Not being able to orgasm during intercourse, but requiring clitoral stimulation to orgasm, is not FSD. This is actually quite common among many women.
  • Simply not being interested in having sex, or being unable to become aroused by a partner, is not FSD. There are a large number of reasons why sex may not be welcomed, including: ongoing stress; tiredness; a new baby; headaches; etc.

 

 

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Trichomonas Vaginalis - Know Everything About It!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DGO
Gynaecologist, Pune
Trichomonas Vaginalis - Know Everything About It!

Trichomonas Vaginalis, a virus, which affects almost 7.4 million men and women each year. This virus can cause a sexually transmitted disease upon contact with a person who may be carrying the same. This condition is more common in women than it is in men and causes a variety of symptoms. Let us learn more about this infection.

Symptoms
This disease does not have any obvious symptoms until the problem becomes pretty severe. The symptoms for men include irritation inside the penis, discharge, and a burning sensation upon urination and ejaculation. The symptoms for women include a strong odour filled discharge that may also be greenish yellow in colour, pain in the lower abdomen in case the infection is extremely severe, itching and irritation in the vagina, and pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse.

Diagnosis
The gynaecologist or the general physician will usually carry out the diagnosis with the help of blood and urine samples that will be sent to the lab for testing. These tests will help in determining the spread and severity of the infection. The doctor will also use vaginal or urethral fluid in order to diagnose the issue with the help of further lab tests. Most doctors will tell you that it is harder to detect the presence of the virus in women, than it is in men.

Treatment
The treatment of this disease is done with the help of metronidazole, which can be used to treat trichomoniasis in case the patient is pregnant. It is usually recommended that the sexual partner of the patient should also be treated for the infection so as to stem its spread. Also, the doctors will recommend abstinence from sex for the duration of the treatment. Antibiotics will also be prescribed for both partners. Usually, one will be asked to wait for all the symptoms to disappear before becoming sexually active again.

Prevention
There are various ways to prevent this disease including the proper use of condoms and limiting the number of sexual partners. Genital inflammation and pain should be checked by a doctor immediately to rule out the possibility of this STD. Also, one must take the necessary precautions to avoid catching and spreading this disease.

 

2711 people found this helpful

Trichomonas Vaginalis - How Can You Prevent It?

MBBS, DGO, DNB Obs & Gynae
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Trichomonas Vaginalis - How Can You Prevent It?

Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is sometimes referred to as trichomonas or trichomoniasis, or shortened to TV. The term trichomonas is used here. 

If you are suffering from trichomonas vaginalis, it is important for you to know about protecting yourself against this condition. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by an organism known as trichomonas vaginalis. This disease is more common in women than in men. Men too can get infected and pass on the infection to their sexual partners.

Signs & Symptoms-

Up to half of infected men and women will not have any signs or symptoms at all. Signs and symptoms usually show up within a month of coming into contact with trichomonas. You might notice:

Women

  1. Soreness, inflammation and itching in and around the vagina. This can cause discomfort when having sex.
  2. A change in vaginal discharge – there may be a small amount or a lot, and it may be thick or thin, or frothy and yellow. You may also notice a strong smell that may be unpleasant.
  3. Pain when passing urine.

Men

  1. A discharge from the penis, which may be thin and whitish.
  2. Pain, or a burning sensation, when passing urine.
  3. Inflammation of the foreskin (this is uncommon).

Diagnosis
A physical examination and certain laboratory tests are carried out for the diagnosis of trichomonas’s. Tests are carried out on a sample of the vaginal fluid to find out disease-causing parasites. It is harder to detect the parasite in men, than in women.

Treatment
Commonly, a certain oral antibiotic is prescribed for treating trichomonas’s. It is the only medicine used for this purpose, but should be avoided by pregnant women. If you are infected, your partner should also be treated at the same time for the prevention of reinfection and further spreading. If you are undergoing treatment for trichomonas’s, it is advised that you avoid having sex until the treatment gets over and all symptoms get eliminated. You should take your medicine even if you improve and after the symptoms are gone. A retest should be carried out after three months to know about the infection’s status.

Prevention
You can prevent or protect yourself from trichomonas’s vaginalis by taking the following steps:

  • Have protected sex by using condoms every time.
  • Sexual abstinence or limiting your sexual contact to one partner is recommended.
  • Avoid sexual contact if you think you are affected.

You should consult a doctor on experiencing any genital symptoms such as burning urination, discharge, and the development of sores or rashes. Also, you must stop having sex with anyone after experiencing these symptoms. 

2883 people found this helpful
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