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Heart Attack: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Heart attack occurs when flow of blood to the heart gets blocked. It may be due to build up of fat, cholesterol and other substances in the arteries. You will feel extreme sensation or ache in your chest or arms, nausea and shortness of breath. One must always rush for medical help as soon as the slightest of these symptoms are felt. An electrocardiogram (ECG) is done to record the electric activities of your heart along with a blood test. The immediate medications given during heart attack are aspirin, thrombolytics, antiplatelet agents, morphine and nitroglycerin. There are surgeries like coronary angioplasty and stenting and coronary artery bypass.

How is the treatment done?

Aspirin helps in maintaining blood flow through a narrowed artery by reducing blood clotting. Thrombolytics dissolve the blood clot that’s blocking blood flow to your heart. Consumption of this drug in time increases your chances of surviving the heart attack. Antiplatelet agents prevent existing blood clots from becoming larger and also stop the formation of new clots. Morphine helps you deal with the pain and discomfort. Nitroglycerin widens the blood vessels thus, improving the blood flow to the heart. Medications are not enough to deal with a heart attack. In addition to medications, you may have to undergo surgeries. Coronary angioplasty and stenting is done immediately after a heart attack. A long thin tube called catheter is passed through an artery in your leg or groin to a blocked artery in your heart. To restore blood flow to the heart, a metal mesh stent is inserted into the artery to keep it open. In some cases, one may need to go for bypass surgery. Veins and arteries are sewed in a place away from blocked or narrowed coronary artery. This allows the blood to bypass the narrowed section and reach the heart. You may remain in the hospital for several days if you have a bypass surgery.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you are going through acute chest pain, strange tightness in arms, shoulders and legs, sudden and huge amount of sweating, shortness of breath or light headedness; you must rush for medical help.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the most common reason for chest pains. Do not confuse these pains with heart attack.

Are there any side effects?

Surgeries may have side effects like mild weakness and pain in body for a few days.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

You must stay away from alcohol and tobacco. Control your blood and sugar levels. Make sure that your diet is very healthy consisting of proteins, whole grains, fish and beans. Make regular appointments with your doctor to keep a check on your improvement. Maintain your body weight and exercise regularly.

How long does it take to recover?

You may have to remain in the hospital for 5-7 days. It may take a few weeks for you to resume your routine activities to the fullest.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of a bypass surgery ranges from ₹150000- ₹400000. Coronary angioplasty and stenting can cost ₹100000- ₹300000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are permanent if proper care is taken.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are no alternatives to the treatment.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello doctor my husband previous taking for bp tablet stamlo 5 mg now my husband got heart attack and doctor done the procedure angiography and stent now changed the medicine nikoran 5 mg it is treat the bp please answer.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in EP
Cardiologist, Delhi
nikoran is for blockage not for BP. bp may be low for few weeks after heart attacks. So measure BP weekly and medicine may be restarted if BP becomes high again

Hi Sir, Can clopidogrel completely stops clotting ability of blood. Will bleeding never stop when a patient taking clopidogrel, suffered from internal or external hemorrhage. What will be then happen to the patient taking clopidogrel, suffered from internal or external hemorrhage. Will the patient die?

MD - Medicine, DNB Medicine, DNB - Cardiology (Gold Medalist)
Cardiologist, Ahmedabad
Clopidogrel is a blood thinner but its jot rhat bleeding will never stop ! There are even better n heavier blood thinners than clopidogrel. Effect starts to wear off in 24 hrs of stoppage albeit takes 5 days, but never stop on ur own ! Tc

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