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Heart Attack: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Heart attack occurs when flow of blood to the heart gets blocked. It may be due to build up of fat, cholesterol and other substances in the arteries. You will feel extreme sensation or ache in your chest or arms, nausea and shortness of breath. One must always rush for medical help as soon as the slightest of these symptoms are felt. An electrocardiogram (ECG) is done to record the electric activities of your heart along with a blood test. The immediate medications given during heart attack are aspirin, thrombolytics, antiplatelet agents, morphine and nitroglycerin. There are surgeries like coronary angioplasty and stenting and coronary artery bypass.

How is the treatment done?

Aspirin helps in maintaining blood flow through a narrowed artery by reducing blood clotting. Thrombolytics dissolve the blood clot that’s blocking blood flow to your heart. Consumption of this drug in time increases your chances of surviving the heart attack. Antiplatelet agents prevent existing blood clots from becoming larger and also stop the formation of new clots. Morphine helps you deal with the pain and discomfort. Nitroglycerin widens the blood vessels thus, improving the blood flow to the heart. Medications are not enough to deal with a heart attack. In addition to medications, you may have to undergo surgeries. Coronary angioplasty and stenting is done immediately after a heart attack. A long thin tube called catheter is passed through an artery in your leg or groin to a blocked artery in your heart. To restore blood flow to the heart, a metal mesh stent is inserted into the artery to keep it open. In some cases, one may need to go for bypass surgery. Veins and arteries are sewed in a place away from blocked or narrowed coronary artery. This allows the blood to bypass the narrowed section and reach the heart. You may remain in the hospital for several days if you have a bypass surgery.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you are going through acute chest pain, strange tightness in arms, shoulders and legs, sudden and huge amount of sweating, shortness of breath or light headedness; you must rush for medical help.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the most common reason for chest pains. Do not confuse these pains with heart attack.

Are there any side effects?

Surgeries may have side effects like mild weakness and pain in body for a few days.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

You must stay away from alcohol and tobacco. Control your blood and sugar levels. Make sure that your diet is very healthy consisting of proteins, whole grains, fish and beans. Make regular appointments with your doctor to keep a check on your improvement. Maintain your body weight and exercise regularly.

How long does it take to recover?

You may have to remain in the hospital for 5-7 days. It may take a few weeks for you to resume your routine activities to the fullest.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of a bypass surgery ranges from ₹150000- ₹400000. Coronary angioplasty and stenting can cost ₹100000- ₹300000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are permanent if proper care is taken.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are no alternatives to the treatment.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: High Side Effects: High Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 1,50,000 - Rs 4,00,000

Popular Health Tips

Are Male Enhancement Pills With Yohimbine Safe For Men With Heart Disease?

Dr. Vinod Raina 93% (4641 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Are Male Enhancement Pills With Yohimbine Safe For Men With Heart Disease?
Is yohimbe OK for men with heart disease? Well, I have heart disease. I've had it for years. My heart disease is a little different than the average man's, but it's heart disease nonetheless. It doesn't really impact me too much. I take a few medications, see the doctor regularly and do most of the things I want to do. I guess I'm in pretty good shape, actually. Because I know there are others whose heart disease is far more advanced than mine. Years back, I had the opportunity to try natural male enhancement pills that contained yohimbine, which comes from the tree bark of the yohimbe tree. This is a tree that is found in certain parts of Africa. Normally, I would have never thought to try a male enhancement pill, ever (no, really). However, I was young, dumb and I had a small business selling the things online. I couldn't believe how well these things sold. I kept selling out. And then I thought, I should try the things myself. I mean, you need to be able to tell people about your own product right? When I took the dose of the pills. I eagerly waited to see what was going to happen with my little test. Wow! Yes, they worked ridiculously well. I'll say that. It was a bit crazy. However, the side effects were insane. My nose dripped nonstop. My face got red. I felt like my skin was crawling! But, above everything else, my heart rate sped up. It felt like it was skipping beats and about to beat out of my chest. But why? What was happening to me? I started to freak out just a little bit. Yes, male enhancement products with yohimbe can work great for some men. But male enhancement products that contain yohimbine can be dangerous for men with heart disease. The substance has been linked to some majorly serious side effects such as seizure and heart attack. In short, no pun intended, it's just not worth it. If you decide you need male enhancement pills. I would suggest consulting with your doctor. This is especially true if you have any type of health condition or are taking prescription medications. Also remember that studies show exercising, watching your weight and quitting smoking can help men who suffer from erectile dysfunction (ED). Another alternative might be finding one of the natural male enhancement pills that do not contain yohimbe.

How To Live After a Heart Attack - Changes to Your Lifestyle!

Dr. Sanjib Patra 88% (18 ratings)
Fellowship In Electrophysiology, Fellowship In Interventional Cardiology, DM - Cardiology, MD - Medicine, MBBS
Cardiologist, Delhi
How To Live After a Heart Attack - Changes to Your Lifestyle!
A heart attack allows you to get a double take on life. Once you survive it, you tend to realize how close your brush with death has been and how important your lifestyle choices can be. Most people go on to live a productive life after a heart attack provided they can adhere to making healthy choices. Here's what you can do if you have experienced your first attack and want to change for the better: Start at the hospital: A person usually stays in the hospital for 3 days after an attack to monitor their condition. This duration increases if you have complications that involve procedures like a bypass surgery. Your first significant change will come to your medication routine. Your existing dosages may be adjusted and you'll possibly prescribed newer medicines that will treat and control your symptoms. You'll not only need to know the names of all your medicines but when you have to take them. Its best you know exactly why are taking each of them, if there are other more economic alternatives since this may last a lifetime and what side effects they may have. Maintaining your mental health: Once bitten, twice shy applies for heart attack victims too. Not only do they live in a constant worry about another attack, every small symptom like a harmless muscle pull can trigger the fear factor. You also get into the "heart patient" dependent mode based on how much help you need to recover. Check for support groups and other heart attack survivors in your locality to see how they are coping. Read more about your recovery and try to keep a positive frame of mind. Go for cardiac rehab: Many hospitals have a rehabilitation program that you can participate in as an outpatient or you can go to a clinic that specializes in it. Such programs help speed up your recovery. It is run by people who will hand hold you in bringing positive changes in your life to protect and strengthen your heart. You'll learn activities that positively improve heart functions and reduce your chances of developing complications or dying from heart disease. You'll also benefit from exercises that'll be taught by a certified exercise specialist. Making lifestyle changes: Quitting smoking is an obvious one. You'll now have to lead a more active lifestyle with daily exercise. You'll also need to actively manage your diabetes and obesity. None of these changes can happen in a day. In fact, behavioural scientists suggest that you need to practice a new activity continuously for twenty one days for it to become a habit.
18 people found this helpful

Cardiac Arrest And Heart Attack - Understanding The Difference Between The Two!

Dr. Gopi A 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DNB Cardiology, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Bangalore
Cardiac Arrest And Heart Attack - Understanding The Difference Between The Two!
The news of Sridevi's sudden and unexpected demise was a shock for the entire nation and left a number of questions in the minds of the people. However, there are multiple reasons which are under speculation and can be attributed to her death - cardiac arrest, heart attack and death due to accidental drowning. Usually, cardiac arrest and heart attack are two things which most people use interchangeably, however, there is a big difference between the two. Difference between cardiac arrest and heart attack: A cardiac arrest is far deadlier considering that it comes without a warning or any prior indication of a problem. Here, the heart just stops beating and immediate first-aid can make a lot of difference between life and death. Electrical shock is the best way to revive a patient and should be given within a few minutes of such an arrest. On the other hand, a person suffers a heart attack when there is a blockage in the artery which prevents the smooth flow of oxygen-rich blood from reaching the heart. It is important to note that unlike a cardiac arrest the signs of heart attack start slow and persists for long. A heart attack is one of the common causes of cardiac arrest, but not always it is the case. A cardiac arrest happens most commonly when the heart is receiving more than 300 impulses per minute or due to absent electrical impulses. In the first instance an electrical shock is a lifesaving technique and in the second, the patient can be treated with certain medications and a temporary pacemaker. Symptoms of cardiac arrest: The symptoms of cardiac arrest are immediate and extreme. A fainting spell or a sudden collapse Loss of consciousness No pulse or breathing Symptoms of a heart attack Discomfort along with chest pain Shortness of breath Nausea with vomiting Sweating Headache and jawpain Prevention of a cardiac arrest: What makes this a deadly condition is that you cannot tell your risks of having one and therefore the next best thing to do is to lower your risks. The best way to do that is to: Follow a diet that is balanced and nutritious Alcohol should be consumed in moderation Quit smoking Stay physically active How can you prevent a heart attack? Keep yourself fit and exercise regularly Keep your cholesterol level under check Limit your alcohol intake If you are obese, control your weight Intake a heart-friendly diet. Now that the distinction is clear between the two, it is recommended that everyone should get themselves screened for potential heart problems on a regular basis. In case of a query or concern consult an expert and get your answers.
6247 people found this helpful

High Blood Pressure - How It Can Be Managed For Good Heart Health?

Multi-Speciality Clinic
Cardiologist, Hyderabad
High Blood Pressure - How It Can Be Managed For Good Heart Health?
The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood to the entire body through a network of arteries and veins. This network contains big vessels which branch out further to supply blood to the distant organs. There is, therefore, some pressure that the heart and thereby the vessels need to exert to push the blood through these vessels. This is known as blood pressure, and normal pressure levels range from 90-140(systolic)/60-90(diastolic) mm of Hg. However, due to various reasons, this pressure could be more, which is one of the first signs of heart disease. Causes of increased blood pressure: Thickening of the blood vessels. With age, the elastic blood vessels naturally turn rigid and less elastic, so there is more pressure required to push blood. It is natural for people over 55 years of age to have higher readings of blood pressure. This is known as primary hypertension (HTN) Narrowed blood vessels. This happens due to cholesterol accumulation along the walls of the blood vessels. Faulty dietary habits along with sedentary lifestyle have increased the incidence of hypertension due to this condition, known as atherosclerosis. Critical atherosclerotic narrowing of renal arteries lead to renovascular HTN that is one of the commonest of secondary HTN. Other Causes of secondary hypertension are: Kidney problems Thyroid hormone disorders Congenital heart defects Chronic alcohol abuse Adrenal gland tumours Chronic use of medications like birth control pills, pain killers, etc. Unidentified and uncontrolled hypertension can be silent and can lead to more severe conditions like heart attack and stroke. India is fast becoming the new hypertension capital of the world. Some of the common risk factors are: Age Family history Being obese or overweight Sedentary lifestyle Smoking Alcohol consumption Excessive salt intake Stress levels Ethnic background Symptoms: Hypertension can go undetected for years together, but if there are risk factors like diabetes and high cholesterol, it is advisable to periodically monitor blood pressure. Headaches, nosebleeds, and shortness of breath should not be ignored. These can be the first warning signs of hypertension, and if detected early, preventive measures can be taken. If there are co-morbid risk factors, it is advisable to constantly keep a check on BP readings. Management: This includes a combination of diet and lifestyle modifications. Quit smoking and alcohol: Of the many wonders quitting smoking can do, reducing BP readings is just one. The improvement would be almost instantaneous. Quit or else reduce alcohol and see dramatic improvements. Weight management: Through a combination of diet and exercise, ensure that weight is brought under control. Set a target BMI (Below 26 kg/m2) and work towards it religiously. Diet: Reduce salt, increase potassium, increase vitamin D, eat a heart-healthy diet, and see the hypertension readings improve. Please find attached and reviewed copy for health tip for posting
3612 people found this helpful

Can Smoking Affect Your Heart?

Dr. Anupam Goel 88% (39 ratings)
MBBS, MD (Gen. Medicine), DM (Cardiology)
Cardiologist, Delhi
Can Smoking Affect Your Heart?
Smoking can affect your health in all respects, and it is no different when it comes to your heart. Smokers are almost twice as likely to have heart problems compared to individuals who do not smoke. How does smoking cast an impact on your cardiac health? Smoking increases the risk of developing various kinds of cardiovascular issues such as stroke and coronary heart disease. It damages the lining of the arteries which, in turn, paves the way for building up of fatty substances called atheroma which narrows down the artery. This may lead to heart attack, stroke, and angina. Tobacco contains carbon monoxide which reduces the amount of oxygen in the blood. This indicates that the heart has to work harder for supplying the required amount of oxygen. Cigarettes also contain nicotine which stimulates the production of adrenaline. This instigates the heart to beat at a faster pace and raises the blood pressure. The chemicals present in the smoke of tobacco can harm your blood cells and retard the normal functioning of the heart. When not inhibited, it can lead to atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is an ailment in which a waxy material, termed as plaque builds up in the arteries and limits the flow of blood to different parts of the body. When plaque builds up for a long span of time, it causes coronary heart disease, and you are likely to experience symptoms such as heart failure, chest pain, heart attack, arrhythmia and heart failure and even death. Smoking is a major risk factor for another fatal ailment called the peripheral artery disease or PAD. PAD is a clinical condition where the accumulation of plaque in the arteries inhibits carriage of oxygen-rich blood to the head, different organs, and limbs. With regular smoking, the blood is more susceptible to clotting which surges the risk of having a stroke or heart attack. Is there any effect of second-hand smoking? Second-hand smoking, also referred to as passive smoking means inhaling the smoke ejected while smoking. When a person is regularly exposed to smoke, he or she is likely to have low levels of good cholesterol, damaged heart tissues, and high blood pressure. Various researchers are of the opinion that second-hand smoke of tobacco is a viable cause of heart ailments in nonsmokers. This means, if you are a smoker, you are definite to harm the members of your surroundings. Why should you quit smoking? One of the best ways to decrease the risk of having cardiac ailments is to stop smoking. In case you have never smoked, you should never think of starting it for the same reason. You should also try to avoid second-hand smoke by avoiding going to a smoking zone. It would be a great idea to avoid the company of smokers for the periods when they are smoking. Stay away from smoking for your heart health.
2335 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 32 years old my family has history of BP, Heart diseases ,i am regular in gym I just want to ask that is there any general medicines which we can use in order to prevent from BP heart disease ,control cholesterol.

Dr. Vertika Mathur 90% (39 ratings)
M. Sc in Foods And Nutrition, Internship in Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Jaipur
Hi lybrate-user. Glad to hear that you are so conscious about your health. But it will be great of you try to follow a healthy routine doet wiseas well as activity wise too. This will help in a better way to be preventive for bpand heart disease. As you are regular qith your gym, just follow few tips for good diet plan. Contact me for the same.
5 people found this helpful

I have heart problem from one year my heart is have nd some time my left arm pain please tell me what thing I have to do for avoid heart atack.

Dr. Rahul (Pt) 89% (169 ratings)
Physiotherapist, Agra
Hi lets first manage you blood pressure, cholestral level ,body weight, lower down the intake of trans fat ,saturated fats and finally exerciese daily including walking 30 min is best for you.
1 person found this helpful

I have triglycerides level 211. Dr.prescribed lipicard 160. Once in night. After taking the medicine triglycerides level came down to 139. Now I want to stop this medicine and want to switch some ayurvedic medicine. Pl advise safe procedure to stop lipicard med and suggest good ayurvedic substitute medicine.

Dr. Niveditha Srinivasamurthy 91% (639 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MSCP
Ayurveda, Bangalore
Please consult sir. Ayurveda doesn't have one medicine for one disease. For example, two people with the same condition like cholesterol will have two different prescriptions. We need to identify the right medication for you by assessing your body first And we can not stop lipicard at once. we need to slowly withdraw it. for all these a regular consultation is a must and I can assure good results with Ayurveda medicines
1 person found this helpful

Today, I am feeling jerk in my heart for one second. My cholesterol is high .One year before my Eco & TMT was normal. Pls advise.

Dr. Ramesh Kawar 89% (156 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Cardiology, DM
Cardiologist, Mumbai
It may be due to some extra beats in heart which usually is benign- Not a cause of worry if you have a structurally normal heart (Since Echo and TMT are normal).

Health Quizzes

How Can High Blood Pressure Increase Chances Of Heart Attack?

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DM - Cardiology, MD - General Medicine
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Dr. Skand Kumar Trivedi 88% (16 ratings)
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Your age plays an important role in determining your risk of having a heart attack. True or False. Take this quiz to know!
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