Morphine is a narcotic drug that is prescribed for instant pain relief. It is generally used as a pre-anaesthetic medication to reduce acute and chronic pain during surgery, labour and other pain intensive disease/procedures. It works by directly affecting the Central Nervous System.
Morphine is an opiate type naturally found substance in the bodies of several plants and animals. It helps to relieve both acute and chronic pain. Also, it is used as preanesthetic medication.
The medication is available in both oral (pill) and injected directly into the vein (injection) form. However, it is a controlled substance which means its consumption needs to be done under strict supervision. This is because it can be a habit-forming medication that can cause addiction.
It can also help to reduce immense pain and discomfort due to myocardial infarction and even intolerable aches of cancer. This medication is also helpful in relieving dyspnea of acute left ventricular failure and pulmonary edema.
Morphine must be used with caution during pregnancy and breastfeeding as the drug is known to be excreted in human milk. Morphine can be injected directly into the vein (intravenous), or taken orally in the form of a tablet of solution.
Morphine also belongs to a class of drugs called narcotics, and the intake of morphine on a regular basis turns into an addiction. This leads to drug abuse which may cause immense health complications, and eventually death. You should also abstain from alcohol totally to avoid any kind of fatal complications.
Side effects of morphine include both physical and mental discomforts. These include vomiting, persistent nausea, dry mouth, irregular menstrual periods, decreased sexual urge, dizziness, depression and substance abuse and dependence.
Do not use morphine in case of head injury, tumour, seizures, asthma, sleep apnea, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, gallbladder disease, kidney disease, liver disease, mental/mood disorders. Also if you have a family history of substance abuse, constipation, diarrhoea, pancreatitis, enlarged prostate it is advised to avoid the use of morphine.
The medication is primarily used for the following conditions:
Increased Intracranial Pressure
Is It safe with alcohol?This medicine may cause excessive drowsiness and calmness with alcohol.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?This medicine may be unsafe to use during pregnancy.
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the foetus, however, there are limited human studies. The benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?It is probably unsafe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?Caution is advised when driving or operating machinery.
Does this affect kidney function?Contraindicated in patients with moderate to severe impaired renal function.
Does this affect liver function?There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
What is the onset of action?The effect of this medicine will be initiated within 30 - 60 minute after its administration.
How long is the duration of effect?This medicine will remain active and produce its action for about 4 - 7 hours depending on the route of its administration.
Are there any missed dose instructions?If you miss a dose of Morphine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
Are there any overdose instructions?Consult your doctor in case of overdose.
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Morphine as ingredient
This medication affects the central nervous system directly and by blocking the pain signals to the brain reduces the pain felt.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Alcohol
Interaction with Medicine
Interaction with Food
Interaction with Disease
- Use with caution in patients with impaired respiratory function or severe hepatic dysfunction and in patients with hypersensitivity reactions to other phenanthrene derivative opioid agonists (codeine, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, levorphanol, oxycodone, oxymorphone).
- Morphine shares the toxic potential of opiate agonists and usual precautions of opiate agonist therapy should be observed.
- Morphine may cause hypotension in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Tolerance or drug dependence may result from extended use.
Ques: What is Morphine?
Ques: What are the uses of Morphine?
Ques: What if I forgot to take a dose of Morphine on a scheduled time?
Ques: Is Morphine safe for use in pregnancy?
Ques: I am currently breastfeeding a baby. Can I take Morphine?
Ques: At what time intervals should the dose of Morphine be taken?
Ques: Are there any precautions that need to be taken, while taking Morphine?
Ques: Can patients suffering from kidney problems take Morphine?
Ques: After how much time can the effect of Morphine be seen?
Ques: What are the side-effects of Morphine?
Ques: Does Morphine cause addiction?
Ques: Can you crush or chew the medications?
Ques: Can you suddenly stop the consumption of Morphine?
Ques: Is Morphine safe for small children and infants?
Ques: Is Morphine an OTC medicine?
Morphine- Drug Information Portal [Internet]. druginfo.nlm.nih.gov. 2021 [Cited 25 Nov 2021]. Available from:https://druginfo.nlm.nih.gov/drugportal/name/morphine
MORPHINE SULFATE injection- Daily Med [Internet]. dailymed.nlm.nih.gov. 2019 [Cited 24 Nov 2021]. Available from:https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=9362eca1-2bc9-4f72-8895-0b9179bfeb2b
Morphgesic SR 100mg Tablets- EMC [Internet]. www.medicines.org.uk. 2021 [Cited 3 December 2021]. Available from:https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/4689/smpc
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