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Overview

Brain Tumor - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

A tumor is defined as a mass of tissues which is formed due to the accumulation of cells. Tumors can be non cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant) in nature. Benign brain tumors are not deep rooted in the brain and can be removed surgically with ease. Even after the operation, they can still come back but are less likely to occur unlike malignant tumor. Benign tumors don’t cause death but it can cause inflammation on the brain by putting immense pressure on and around the skull.

The exact cause of brain tumor is still not known, but studies suggest that certain risk factors might trigger brain tumor. Children receiving radiation are more prone in developing brain tumor as adults. A rare genetic condition called Li-Fraumeni syndrome or neurofibromatosis. People who are over the age of 65 are also at a higher risk of developing brain tumor. Cancerous brain tumor can lead to brain cancer and spread to the central nervous system and other part of the brain as well.

How is brain tumor diagnosed?

It is advisable to consult a neurologist to diagnose brain tumor. The neurologist starts by asking you about the health history of your family and symptoms you might be experiencing at the present moment. A physical exam is also performed accompanied with a MRI or CAT scan to see the images of your brain. An MRA or an Angiogram is also performed in some cases. This involves use of a dye to see the blood vessels in the brain to locate abnormal blood vessels and a tumor. A biopsy is required to know whether the tumor is malignant or not. This is done by removing a brain tissue with a needle inserted through a hole drilled inside the skull. This tissue is sent to the lab for imaging and testing.

Treatment of brain tumor:

Most of the tumors are removed by surgery based on their location in the brain. In some cases, the tumor is usually located in a sensitive area and cannot be operated. In this case, radiation therapy or chemotherapy is used for shrinking or killing the tumor. Chemotherapy can also be used after surgically removing the tumor to kill the remaining malignant cells in the brain. Tumors which are extremely deep inside the brain are usually treated with Gamma Knife therapy (highly advanced radiation therapy). It vital to see a therapist during the treatment.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Seizures Change in hearing or speech Change in vision Balalnce problems Problem in walking Tingling or numbness in the feet and arms Weakness felt on the whole body

Popular Health Tips

Brain Surgery - Reasons When You Need It!

Dr. Shameem Ahmed 90% (132 ratings)
MCh Neurosurgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Guwahati
Brain Surgery - Reasons When You Need It!
Brain surgery involves several medical procedures, which incorporate fixing issues with the brain, including changes in the tissues of the brain, cerebrospinal fluid and brain blood flow. Brain surgery is quite a complicated method of surgery and the type of surgery to be conducted depends on the underlying conditions. Reasons for Brain Surgery: Brain surgery is performed for the correction of physical brain abnormalities. These abnormalities could occur because of diseases, birth defects and injuries. A brain surgery is required when the following conditions arise in the brain: Abnormal blood vessels Aneurysm Bleeding Blood clots in the brain When the protective tissue or dura is damaged Epilepsy Due to nerve damage Parkinson's disease Any kind of pressure after an injury Abscesses Skull fractures In case of stroke and tumors A surgery may not be required for all the above mentioned conditions, but in case of many, a brain surgery is very important as the conditions may worsen health problems. Types of brain surgeries: Craniotomy: During this open brain surgery, an incision is made in the scalp, and a hole is created in the skull, near the area, which is being treated. After this process is complete, the hole or bone flap is secured in its place using plates or wires. Biopsy: This form of brain surgery helps in the removal of a small amount of brain tissues or tumors. After removal, the tissues or tumors are examined under a microscope. The creation of a small incision and a hole in the skull is indicated as a part of this process. Minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery: This form of brain surgery enables the removal or lesions and tumors via the nose and sinuses. Private parts of the brain can be accessed without creating an incision. An endoscope is utilized in the process which is used to examine tumors all across the brain. Minimally Invasive neuroendoscopy: This process is similar to the minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery. This method also involves the use of an endoscope for removal of brain tumors. Small, dime sized holes may be made in the skull to access some brain parts. Risks: Brain surgeries may be associated with several risks. They may be: Allergic reactions to anesthesia Bleeding Blood clot formations Swelling of the brain A state of coma Impairment in speech, coordination and vision. Problems in memory Strokes and seizures Infections in the brain A brain surgery is a serious and very complex surgery. There are different kinds of brain surgeries, which are conducted depending on the condition and severity of the disease.

Brain Surgery - What Should You Know About It?

Dr. Manish Vaish 86% (55 ratings)
IFAANS, DNB (Neurosurgery), MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
Brain Surgery - What Should You Know About It?
Brain surgery involves several medical procedures, which incorporate fixing issues with the brain, including changes in the tissues of the brain, cerebrospinal fluid and brain blood flow. Brain surgery is quite a complicated method of surgery and the type of surgery to be conducted depends on the underlying conditions. Reasons for Brain Surgery: Brain surgery is performed for the correction of physical brain abnormalities. These abnormalities could occur because of diseases, birth defects and injuries. A brain surgery is required when the following conditions arise in the brain: Abnormal blood vessels Aneurysm Bleeding Blood clots in the brain When the protective tissue or dura is damaged Epilepsy Due to nerve damage Parkinson's disease Any kind of pressure after an injury Abscesses Skull fractures In case of stroke and tumors A surgery may not be required for all the above mentioned conditions, but in case of many, a brain surgery is very important as the conditions may worsen health problems. Types of brain surgeries: Craniotomy: During this open brain surgery, an incision is made in the scalp, and a hole is created in the skull, near the area, which is being treated. After this process is complete, the hole or bone flap is secured in its place using plates or wires. Biopsy: This form of brain surgery helps in the removal of a small amount of brain tissues or tumors. After removal, the tissues or tumors are examined under a microscope. The creation of a small incision and a hole in the skull is indicated as a part of this process. Minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery: This form of brain surgery enables the removal or lesions and tumors via the nose and sinuses. Private parts of the brain can be accessed without creating an incision. An endoscope is utilized in the process which is used to examine tumors all across the brain. Minimally Invasive neuroendoscopy: This process is similar to the minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery. This method also involves the use of an endoscope for removal of brain tumors. Small, dime sized holes may be made in the skull to access some brain parts. Risks: Brain surgeries may be associated with several risks. They may be: Allergic reactions to anesthesia Bleeding Blood clot formations Swelling of the brain A state of coma Impairment in speech, coordination and vision. Problems in memory Strokes and seizures Infections in the brain A brain surgery is a serious and very complex surgery. There are different kinds of brain surgeries, which are conducted depending on the condition and severity of the disease.
1861 people found this helpful

Brain Tumor - What Are The Types?

Dr. Sajjan Rajpurohit 87% (30 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Oncology, DNB - Super Speciality, Immuno Oncology
Oncologist, Delhi
Brain Tumor - What Are The Types?
Brain tumours vary in shape and size and the same is the case with their symptoms. The location of the tumour affects the symptoms greatly. Just like in any other type of a malignant tumour, brain tumour has a rapid growth and proliferation of abnormal cells that may have its origin in affected site or areas adjacent to it. As per studies, every 2 in 1,00,000 people are said to be affected by brain tumour in India. However, it may come as a relief to some as not all brain tumors are cancerous or life threatening. Some are benign tumors and seldom pose any threat to the affected individual. Types of Brain Tumor Brain tumors may be primary or secondary. Primary brain tumor: Here the abnormal mass of cells that originated in the brain do not metastasize to the other organs. Based on their location in the brain, the primary brain tumors may be of the following types. Gliomas: One of the most common types of primary brain tumors, gliomas can have their origin in the spinal cord or the brain. Some of the common types of gliomas include Astrocytomas (originates in the cerebrum of the brain), Glioblastomas (these tumors form from the Astrocytes which form the supportive tissues of the brain), Ependymoma (these develop from the ependymal cells which are present within the CNS), Oligodendrogliomas (these tumors are found to arise from the oligodendrocytes). Schwannomas: Also called as Acoustic neuromas, these primary brain tumors form on the nerves that play an important role in regulating the balance and hearing from the inner ear to the brain. Meningiomas: These type of tumors are usually benign and have their origin in the meninges (membranes surrounding the spinal cord and the brain). Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs): Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are rare malignant tumors that originate from the fetal (embryonic) cells in the brain. Pituitary adenomas: As the name suggests, these tumors arise from the pituitary gland located at the base of the brain. Medulloblastomas: Common among the children, these malignant primary tumors develop in the brain (lower back) and gradually spread via the spinal fluid. Other types of primary brain tumors include Craniopharyngiomas and the Germ cell tumors. Secondary brain tumors: Unlike the primary brain tumors, these tumors have their origin in the other body parts and organs (mostly in the lungs, skin, colon, breast, and kidney) and then gradually metastasize to the brain. The secondary brain tumors are found to be more common. Symptoms or warning signs associated with brain tumors: Some of the signs and symptoms that may be indicative of a brain tumor include People with brain tumors often get seizures (due to the irritation caused by the tumors in the brain). A headache (mild to severe depending on the part of the brain affected by the tumor). A person experiences numbness or a tingling sensation in the legs and arms. There may be difficulties in walking or balancing. A person finds it difficult to concentrate. There may be some problems with hearing, speech or even vision. A person may experience weakness restricted to only one part of the body. The symptoms may not necessarily indicate a brain tumor but it is always wise not to neglect the symptoms either.
3994 people found this helpful

Brain Surgery - What You Need To Know About It?

Dr. Kodeeswaran Marappan 89% (51 ratings)
MCh, MBBS, MRCS (UK)
Neurosurgeon, Chennai
Brain Surgery - What You Need To Know About It?
Brain surgery involves several medical procedures, which incorporate fixing issues with the brain, including changes in the tissues of the brain, cerebrospinal fluid and brain blood flow. Brain surgery is quite a complicated method of surgery and the type of surgery to be conducted depends on the underlying conditions. Reasons for Brain Surgery: Brain surgery is performed for the correction of physical brain abnormalities. These abnormalities could occur because of diseases, birth defects and injuries. A brain surgery is required when the following conditions arise in the brain: Abnormal blood vessels Aneurysm Bleeding Blood clots in the brain When the protective tissue or dura is damaged Epilepsy Due to nerve damage Parkinson's disease Any kind of pressure after an injury Abscesses Skull fractures In case of stroke and tumors A surgery may not be required for all the above mentioned conditions, but in case of many, a brain surgery is very important as the conditions may worsen health problems. Types of brain surgeries: Craniotomy: During this open brain surgery, an incision is made in the scalp, and a hole is created in the skull, near the area, which is being treated. After this process is complete, the hole or bone flap is secured in its place using plates or wires. Biopsy: This form of brain surgery helps in the removal of a small amount of brain tissues or tumors. After removal, the tissues or tumors are examined under a microscope. The creation of a small incision and a hole in the skull is indicated as a part of this process. Minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery: This form of brain surgery enables the removal or lesions and tumors via the nose and sinuses. Private parts of the brain can be accessed without creating an incision. An endoscope is utilized in the process which is used to examine tumors all across the brain. Minimally Invasive neuroendoscopy: This process is similar to the minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery. This method also involves the use of an endoscope for removal of brain tumors. Small, dime sized holes may be made in the skull to access some brain parts. Risks: Brain surgeries may be associated with several risks. They may be: Allergic reactions to anesthesia Bleeding Blood clot formations Swelling of the brain A state of coma Impairment in speech, coordination and vision. Problems in memory Strokes and seizures Infections in the brain A brain surgery is a serious and very complex surgery. There are different kinds of brain surgeries, which are conducted depending on the condition and severity of the disease.
3474 people found this helpful

Brain Tumor - 10 Signs You Must Take Seriously!

Dr. Shameem Ahmed 90% (132 ratings)
MCh Neurosurgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Guwahati
Brain Tumor - 10 Signs You Must Take Seriously!
A Brain Tumour can be defined as an abnormal growth of the tissues in the brain, which can disrupt the proper brain functions. Generally, the cells in the human body die and are replaced by new cells, while in the case of a tumour, the old cells do not die and form an accumulation and continues to grow to form a mass as more and more cells are added to it. Symptoms of Brain Tumour: Headache: Having headache on regular basis, without any history of having such frequent headaches in past, which becomes worse because of other pressure related activities, such as sneezing, coughing, exercising might be a possible symptom of brain tumour and issues related to such sudden and frequent headaches should be taken up with the doctor without any further delay. Seizures: Seizures (fits) are amongst the most common symptoms of brain tumour, which might be limited to a particular body part or the whole body. Seizures might even continue after the treatment of brain tumour because of the left scar tissues in the brain. Numbness in arms/legs: Numbness in any body part, especially arms and legs should also be get evaluated timely, so that, if the possible reason behind them is a brain tumour, then the same could be treated well on time. Balancing problems: Poor coordination and balancing problems also arise as the most prominent symptom for the brain tumour and hence such small changes must be evaluated and the person suffering should be taken to a doctor immediately to get treated without any delay. Memory problems: Lack of concentration, poor memory and short term memory loss are few of the possible symptoms that indicate the presence of tumour. Nausea or vomiting: Nausea or vomiting might be the symptoms of many other possible health issues, but a headache supported by nausea and/or vomiting is one of the many symptoms of a brain tumour and hence should not be ignored. Facial paralysis: The inability to keep the facial activities under control also indicates the presence of a possible brain tumour and the same should also be diagnosed as soon as one experiences it. Change in vision: A person suffering from brain tumour might also experience changes in the vision, dizziness, blurry vision, among other sight related issues. Change in speech: The inability to speak properly and changes in the speech of a person may also indicate a possible presence of a tumour. Hearing problems: Sudden occurrence of hearing problems and other hearing related disorders might have the brain tumour as a possible reason. Diagnosing a brain tumour may include one or more of many tests, including CT scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Angiogram and biopsy. One should never ignore the symptoms of the brain tumour and should get himself/herself checked since the brain tumours might result into permanent damages to the brain; hence such issues should never be ignored.
3163 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, My relative's Daughter lives in Mumbai is in very serious condition. She is suffering from Brain tumor and her parents gave treatment in many hospitals but no satisfactory result given by hospitals. Please Help.

Dr. Himani Negi 93% (14030 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Chennai
The presenting symptoms of a primary brain tumor are typically classified as generalized or focal. Headache is more prevalent in patients with faster growing, high grade tumors. Seizures are a more common presenting feature in lower grade tumors.CSF dissemination of tumor cells should be suspected in patients with neurologic deficits that cannot be attributed to the primary tumor. Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat brain tumor but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to cure brain tumor symptoms that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. 
1 person found this helpful

I suffered from Brain tumor in December-13, after operation Doctor suggest me for radiotherapy, I took 30 days radiotherapy treatment, After that doctor prescribed me Levetiracet Levugress 500 (3 dosage in a day ). Still I am taking this tablet, I want to know the side effect from this tablet, also please suggest what should I do to reduce it's side-effect. Thanks

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (3237 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Side Effects: Cough; decreased appetite; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; headache; irritability; nausea; nose or throat irritation; stomach pain; stuffy nose; tiredness; trouble sleeping; vomiting; weakness. But it is not always the case...

What are the symptoms of brain tumor? What is its cure? What are the medication required?

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (1804 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath,
Severe headache,,vomiting,,seizure,,and soo mny deoending on the site of the brain..either surgery..or u can do homoeopathic treatment.by long continued homoeopathic medicine this can be cure...

Is there any possibility of surgery of brain tumor in brain stem glioma of grade 3 anaplastic astrocytoma after completing radiotherapy and going on chemotherapy.

Dr. Savitr Sastri 90% (73 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MBBS, MCh - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
Brainstem tumors are hard to operate since they are surrounded by extremely important tracts and centers that control many vital functions. Though a good MRI with tractography can sometimes show a safe corridor. For surgery.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Brain Tumor - Can It Be Prevented?

Dr. Sumit Raj 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCH - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Bhopal
Changing diet and food habits may reduce the risk of brain cancer. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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Brain Surgery - Can Their Be Risks?

Dr. Naba J Borah 85% (10 ratings)
MS (Surgery), Mch (Neurosurgery)
Neurosurgeon, Guwahati
There are no risks involved in brain surgery. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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Brain Cancer- Signs you must never ignore!

Dr. Kodeeswaran Marappan 89% (51 ratings)
MCh, MBBS, MRCS (UK)
Neurosurgeon, Chennai
The only treatment for brain cancer is surgery. True or False? Take this quiz to know now!
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Can you prevent brain tumour?

Dr. Amit Kumar Ghosh 87% (126 ratings)
MBBS, DNB, Fellowship in Neurosurgery
Neurosurgeon, Kolkata
Exercising reduces the risk of brain cancer. True or false. Take this quiz to know more.
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Calling for Trouble - Effects of cell phone usage on Health

Dr. Parvez A. Shaikh 88% (310 ratings)
BUMS ( Mumbai ),H.E.S(pune),
General Physician, Mumbai
Excessive use of cell phones can cause brain cancer. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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