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Overview

Brain Tumor - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

A tumor is defined as a mass of tissues which is formed due to the accumulation of cells. Tumors can be non cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant) in nature. Benign brain tumors are not deep rooted in the brain and can be removed surgically with ease. Even after the operation, they can still come back but are less likely to occur unlike malignant tumor. Benign tumors don’t cause death but it can cause inflammation on the brain by putting immense pressure on and around the skull.

The exact cause of brain tumor is still not known, but studies suggest that certain risk factors might trigger brain tumor. Children receiving radiation are more prone in developing brain tumor as adults. A rare genetic condition called Li-Fraumeni syndrome or neurofibromatosis. People who are over the age of 65 are also at a higher risk of developing brain tumor. Cancerous brain tumor can lead to brain cancer and spread to the central nervous system and other part of the brain as well.

How is brain tumor diagnosed?

It is advisable to consult a neurologist to diagnose brain tumor. The neurologist starts by asking you about the health history of your family and symptoms you might be experiencing at the present moment. A physical exam is also performed accompanied with a MRI or CAT scan to see the images of your brain. An MRA or an Angiogram is also performed in some cases. This involves use of a dye to see the blood vessels in the brain to locate abnormal blood vessels and a tumor. A biopsy is required to know whether the tumor is malignant or not. This is done by removing a brain tissue with a needle inserted through a hole drilled inside the skull. This tissue is sent to the lab for imaging and testing.

Treatment of brain tumor:

Most of the tumors are removed by surgery based on their location in the brain. In some cases, the tumor is usually located in a sensitive area and cannot be operated. In this case, radiation therapy or chemotherapy is used for shrinking or killing the tumor. Chemotherapy can also be used after surgically removing the tumor to kill the remaining malignant cells in the brain. Tumors which are extremely deep inside the brain are usually treated with Gamma Knife therapy (highly advanced radiation therapy). It vital to see a therapist during the treatment.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Seizures Change in hearing or speech Change in vision Balalnce problems Problem in walking Tingling or numbness in the feet and arms Weakness felt on the whole body

Popular Health Tips

What Are The Complications of Craniofacial Surgery?

Dr. Ashutosh Shah 85% (14 ratings)
DNB (Plastic Surgery), MCh, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Surat
What Are The Complications of Craniofacial Surgery?
A craniofacial surgery is required when there are deformities or abnormalities present in the head or face area of the patient. Depending on the type of deformity, a craniofacial surgery is done to repair or reconstruct it. The areas that come under a craniofacial surgeon's domain are the cranium (skull), the brain, the face, skin on the face, facial bones, and the nerves. For this reason, in order to conduct craniofacial surgery, a neurosurgeon and a cosmetic surgeon may often work together. The time taken for completing a craniofacial surgery may vary between four hours and twelve hours. Why do you need a craniofacial surgery? There may be multiple reasons why a patient would require craniofacial surgery. These are: Tumors in the head or face region are one of the most common causes behind this type of surgery. The surgeries conducted to remove these tumors may sometimes lead to the formation of deformities in the region. A craniofacial surgery is conducted in order to correct them. This kind of surgery can also be used to correct abnormalities formed as a result of injuries or wounds on the face, the jaw or the head. Some patients may also undergo a craniofacial surgery in order to correct defects that they were born with. Such defects include Apert Syndrome (a syndrome characterized by the premature fusion of certain bones in the skull), cleft palate or cleft lip and craniosynotosis (premature fusion of certain bones in the skull). Risks related to Craniofacial Surgery: Certain risks are associated with this type of surgery. These are: A craniofacial surgery is conducted after putting the patient under general anesthesia. As a result of this, the patient may suffer from breathing problems, blood clots, infections and blood loss. He or she may also react to the medicine in an unwanted way. As a result of the surgery, the patient may also lose their bone grafts partly or wholly. He or she may go through cranial nerve dysfunction or damage in the brain. The formation of permanent scars is another possible risk of a craniofacial surgery. Some patients, especially children who are of growing age, may need a follow up surgery later on. Certain patients can face more risks as compared to other patients. These include patients who are malnourished, or suffer from other illnesses like lupus. Those that have suffered nerve damage in the past are likelier to develop complications. Smoking is also another risk factor.
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CyberKnife Therapy of 24 Multiple Brain Metastases From Lung Cancer!

Dr. Debnarayan Dutta 90% (10 ratings)
MD, MBBS
Oncologist, Ernakulam
CyberKnife Therapy of 24 Multiple Brain Metastases From Lung Cancer!
Brain metastases from systemic cancer are the most common type of intracranial neoplasm in adults, being almost 10 times more common than primary malignant brain tumors, which cause a significant burden on the management of patients with advanced cancer (1). The lungs represent one of the most frequent sources of metastases to the brain, with a probability of (36 64%) (3). Symptoms suffered by the patients include headaches, epilepsy, focal weakness, numbness or changes in mental status. The prognosis of patients with brain metastases is not optimistic and the median survival time is 1 2 months if left untreated. The 1-year survival rate has been recorded as 10.4% (4,5). The treatment of metastatic brain tumors is complex; not only due to being able to provide local control and improve neurological function, but also due to factors such as age, performance and systemic disease status and the size, volume, location and number of metastases at presentation CyberKnife is a robotic radiosurgery system with a linear particle accelerator (linac), which is coupled with real-time imaging to track and compensate for the patient s or target s motion. As a relatively non-invasive treatment modality, CyberKnife demonstrates certain benefits, including a more accurate target localization and improved dose delivery for the management of metastatic brain tumors that allows higher biologically effective dose delivery without increased incidence of toxicity. In the present case, the results for the treatment of multiple brain metastases after CyberKnife surgery with a 7 8 Gy marginal dose was promising. CyberKnife for metastatic brain tumors is an effective and safe method for reducing the marginal dose prescribed for multiple brain metastases and for minimizing the radiation-related neurotoxicities. In conclusion, CyberKnife, a focused, highly-targeted radiosurgery and fractionated radiotherapy is particularly useful for multiple brain metastases. CyberKnife provides the advantage of the management of local recurrence and a tolerable complication rate. Although the treatment of brain metastases has been performed with CyberKnife, the clinical significance and optimal dose fractionation scheme require further investigation. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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Brain Surgery - 12 Reasons When It Becomes A Compulsion!

Dr. Parimal Tripathi 85% (113 ratings)
FRCS - Neurosurgery(UK), M.Ch - Neuro Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Ahmedabad
Brain Surgery - 12 Reasons When It Becomes A Compulsion!
Brain surgery involves several medical procedures, which incorporate fixing issues with the brain, including changes in the tissues of the brain, cerebrospinal fluid and brain blood flow. Brain surgery is quite a complicated method of surgery and the type of surgery to be conducted depends on the underlying conditions. Reasons for Brain Surgery: Brain surgery is performed for the correction of physical brain abnormalities. These abnormalities could occur because of diseases, birth defects and injuries. A brain surgery is required when the following conditions arise in the brain: Abnormal blood vessels Aneurysm Bleeding Blood clots in the brain When the protective tissue or dura is damaged Epilepsy Due to nerve damage Parkinson's disease Any kind of pressure after an injury Abscesses Skull fractures In case of stroke and tumors A surgery may not be required for all the above mentioned conditions, but in case of many, a brain surgery is very important as the conditions may worsen health problems. Types of brain surgeries: Craniotomy: During this open brain surgery, an incision is made in the scalp, and a hole is created in the skull, near the area, which is being treated. After this process is complete, the hole or bone flap is secured in its place using plates or wires. Biopsy: This form of brain surgery helps in the removal of a small amount of brain tissues or tumors. After removal, the tissues or tumors are examined under a microscope. The creation of a small incision and a hole in the skull is indicated as a part of this process. Minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery: This form of brain surgery enables the removal or lesions and tumors via the nose and sinuses. Private parts of the brain can be accessed without creating an incision. An endoscope is utilized in the process which is used to examine tumors all across the brain. Minimally Invasive neuroendoscopy: This process is similar to the minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery. This method also involves the use of an endoscope for removal of brain tumors. Small, dime sized holes may be made in the skull to access some brain parts. Risks: Brain surgeries may be associated with several risks. They may be: Allergic reactions to anesthesia Bleeding Blood clot formations Swelling of the brain A state of coma Impairment in speech, coordination and vision. Problems in memory Strokes and seizures Infections in the brain A brain surgery is a serious and very complex surgery. There are different kinds of brain surgeries, which are conducted depending on the condition and severity of the disease.
1 person found this helpful

Brain Tumor In Children - Understanding It In Detail!

Dr. Savitr Sastri 87% (73 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MBBS, MCh - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
Brain Tumor In Children - Understanding It In Detail!
Though childhood brain tumor is a rare disease, still, many children of any age all over the world suffer from this condition. Unlike the brain tumors in adults, brain tumors in children is a bit different. Brain tumors are probably the most common form of solid tumors affecting children. However, having knowledge of the symptoms, probable treatment of the disease can help the parents in coping with the situation in a better way and taking the right decision at the right time. What is a brain tumor? A group of abnormal cell growth in the brain is referred to as a brain tumor. The types of brain tumor depend upon the structure of the tumor cells, their rate of growth, composition and several other characteristics. However, two most common types of brain tumor affecting children are primary and secondary. In primary brain tumor, the tumor cells develop in the brain, while in secondary, cancerous cells invade the brain from other parts of the body. Symptoms that determine the presence of tumor may vary in every child. The variation is due to certain aspects including size of the tumor, the location of the tumor, how the tumor is affecting the brain, etc. Some of the most common symptoms of childhood brain tumor are severe headaches, occasional seizures, feeling of sickness and vomiting, eye problems such as blurred visions, feelings of drowsiness without any reason, etc. Some children suffering from brain tumour may also experience difficulty in maintaining balance when walking or behavioral changes in children. Treatment While for some, surgical removal of the tumor may be the only treatment solution, for some sessions of radiotherapy and chemotherapy turn out to be really helpful. To control or reduce the effects of the brain tumor symptoms, taking regular medications may also be necessary for the affected children. Doctor may devise the best treatment plan despending on the condition of a child. As the treatment completely depends on the severity of the problem. Prognosis Depending on the grade, location, and type of tumor as well as the treatment, the overall health of children can be determined. While a significant number of children often successfully recover from the brain tumor, for some, the treatment needs to be continued for many years. As the nervous system of a child is in its developing stage, sometimes, children may develop some kind of learning or behavioral or physical disability as a result of the brain tumor treatment. If a child has any of these symptoms mentioned above, his or her parents should consult a medical professional right away. The sooner it is diagnosed, the better are the chances for the child to recover from a brain tumor.
2847 people found this helpful

Klatskin Tumour - Understanding It In Detail!

Dr. Debnarayan Dutta 90% (10 ratings)
MD, MBBS
Oncologist, Ernakulam
Klatskin Tumour - Understanding It In Detail!
A fifty-four years old Marwari patient from Assam presented with progressive jaundice and intermittent episodes of abdominal pain for three months. CT scan of abdomen showed a small (1.5 x 1.5 cm) mass in the bifurcation of common bile duct which is causing biliary tract obstruction and hence jaundice. Portal nodes were not enlarged and there was no lesion in the liver parenchyma. At presentation, serum bilirubin level was high (14.7 mg/dl). Endoscopic biopsy and brushing cytology was adenocarcinoma and clinic-radiological diagnosis was Klatskin tumour . Metallic stenting was done to relieve jaundice and after stenting serum bilirubin level came down rapidly. PET scan showed increased uptake in the biliary duct region mass without any sign of metastasis. He was evaluated and planned for treatment with robotic radiosurgery. He was treated using robotic radiosurgery (CyberKnife) with high precision radiotherapy technique after fiducial placement (gold seeds) near the tumour. After one year, the patient had no obvious complain, liver function (no jaundice) was normal and CT scan evaluation showed completed resolution of the mass. Klatskin tumour is an uncommon tumour that arises from the bifurcation of common bile duct in the abdomen (duct that drains bile from liver). Patients usually present with progressive (increasing) persistent jaundice followed by pain in the upper abdomen. Surgical excision is the mainstay of treatment. However, surgery is not possible in majority of the patients owing to the location of the tumour, high jaundice and medical condition. Chemotherapy may not be an optimal option in majority of the patients as they present with high jaundice. Majority of such patients with poor medical condition are treated with only supportive care and prognosis is dismal (survival for a few months only). Patients with metallic stent have relief from jaundice but unfortunately in a few weeks time, the stent gets blocked with tumour growth. Patients again present with high jaundice and have severely impaired quality of life. They complain of severe itching of entire body, loss of appetite and succumb due to impaired liver function from high jaundice/obstruction. The treatment is to have a longer jaundice-free period which in turn improves quality of life and possibly survival function as well. Stereotactic body radiation therapy s high dose radiation sterilizes the metallic stent and bile duct region. It is assumed that with radiation therapy, blockage of bile duct and stent is delayed and patients have longer jaundice-free period.In Klatskin tumour, CyberKnife allows to deliver high dose of radiation in a short duration to the target without significant morbidity.
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Popular Questions & Answers

Sir 5x3 mm pituitary lesion I consult endocrinologist last one year prolactin releases normal but erection problem is not clear, cabgolin takes last one year, can I consult neurologist or neurosurgeon please give me answer sir.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (2310 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath,
Well pituitary tumor is very difficult one, normally doctor's doesn't want to operate it, you can consult with a neurologist, but side by side you need to do proper homoeopathic treatment, this can be effective also.

Hi, My relative's Daughter lives in Mumbai is in very serious condition. She is suffering from Brain tumor and her parents gave treatment in many hospitals but no satisfactory result given by hospitals. Please Help.

Dr. Himani Negi 96% (16687 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Chennai
The presenting symptoms of a primary brain tumor are typically classified as generalized or focal. Headache is more prevalent in patients with faster growing, high grade tumors. Seizures are a more common presenting feature in lower grade tumors.CSF dissemination of tumor cells should be suspected in patients with neurologic deficits that cannot be attributed to the primary tumor. Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat brain tumor but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to cure brain tumor symptoms that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. 
1 person found this helpful

I suffered from Brain tumor in December-13, after operation Doctor suggest me for radiotherapy, I took 30 days radiotherapy treatment, After that doctor prescribed me Levetiracet Levugress 500 (3 dosage in a day ). Still I am taking this tablet, I want to know the side effect from this tablet, also please suggest what should I do to reduce it's side-effect. Thanks

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 93% (4913 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Side Effects: Cough; decreased appetite; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; headache; irritability; nausea; nose or throat irritation; stomach pain; stuffy nose; tiredness; trouble sleeping; vomiting; weakness. But it is not always the case...

What are the symptoms of brain tumor? What is its cure? What are the medication required?

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (2310 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath,
Severe headache,,vomiting,,seizure,,and soo mny deoending on the site of the brain..either surgery..or u can do homoeopathic treatment.by long continued homoeopathic medicine this can be cure...

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Limiting exposure to radiation reduces the risk of brain cancer. True or false, take this quiz to know.
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Dr. Naba J Borah 87% (10 ratings)
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Dr. Kodeeswaran Marappan 89% (51 ratings)
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The only treatment for brain cancer is surgery. True or False? Take this quiz to know now!
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Exercising reduces the risk of brain cancer. True or false. Take this quiz to know more.
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