Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Brain Tumor - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

A tumor is defined as a mass of tissues which is formed due to the accumulation of cells. Tumors can be non cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant) in nature. Benign brain tumors are not deep rooted in the brain and can be removed surgically with ease. Even after the operation, they can still come back but are less likely to occur unlike malignant tumor. Benign tumors don’t cause death but it can cause inflammation on the brain by putting immense pressure on and around the skull.

The exact cause of brain tumor is still not known, but studies suggest that certain risk factors might trigger brain tumor. Children receiving radiation are more prone in developing brain tumor as adults. A rare genetic condition called Li-Fraumeni syndrome or neurofibromatosis. People who are over the age of 65 are also at a higher risk of developing brain tumor. Cancerous brain tumor can lead to brain cancer and spread to the central nervous system and other part of the brain as well.

How is brain tumor diagnosed?

It is advisable to consult a neurologist to diagnose brain tumor. The neurologist starts by asking you about the health history of your family and symptoms you might be experiencing at the present moment. A physical exam is also performed accompanied with a MRI or CAT scan to see the images of your brain. An MRA or an Angiogram is also performed in some cases. This involves use of a dye to see the blood vessels in the brain to locate abnormal blood vessels and a tumor. A biopsy is required to know whether the tumor is malignant or not. This is done by removing a brain tissue with a needle inserted through a hole drilled inside the skull. This tissue is sent to the lab for imaging and testing.

Treatment of brain tumor:

Most of the tumors are removed by surgery based on their location in the brain. In some cases, the tumor is usually located in a sensitive area and cannot be operated. In this case, radiation therapy or chemotherapy is used for shrinking or killing the tumor. Chemotherapy can also be used after surgically removing the tumor to kill the remaining malignant cells in the brain. Tumors which are extremely deep inside the brain are usually treated with Gamma Knife therapy (highly advanced radiation therapy). It vital to see a therapist during the treatment.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Seizures Change in hearing or speech Change in vision Balalnce problems Problem in walking Tingling or numbness in the feet and arms Weakness felt on the whole body

Popular Health Tips

Brain Cancer - What can Trigger It?

Dr. Savitr Sastri 87% (75 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MBBS, MCh - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
Brain Cancer - What can Trigger It?
Brain cancer is a disease of the brain in which cancer cells (malignant cells) arise in the brain tissue. Cancer cells grow to form a mass of cancer tissue (tumor) that interferes with brain functions such as muscle control, sensation, memory, and other normal body functions. Tumors composed of cancer cells are called malignant tumors, and those composed of mainly non-cancerous cells are called benign tumors. Cancer cells that develop from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors while tumors that spread from other body sites to the brain are termed metastatic or secondary brain tumors. Prologue: Brain cancer is actually the abnormal growth and uncontrolled growth of the cancer cells in the brain,that forms a tumor in the brain.Tumours can be either benign or malignant. Benign brain tumours are abnormal collections of cells that reproduce slowly and usually remain separate from the surrounding normal brain. Malignant tumours reproduce and grow quickly. Their borders are hard to distinguish from the normal brain around them. Symptoms: There are few early symptoms of brain cancer, but as the tumour grows within the confines of the skull, it causes increased intracranial pressure and exerts pressure on the brain, causing signs to develop. Brain cancer symptoms and signs are varied and depend on the area of the brain involved, but can include: Headaches. Seizures. Nausea and vomiting, which, CANSA reports, may be worse in the morning or after a sudden position change. Difficulty walking or clumsiness. Vision changes. Changes in alertness. Behavioural impairment. Causes: Brain cancer occurs when there is an uncontrolled growth of cancer cells in the brain that form a malignant brain tumor. The underlying cause of primary brain cancer, cancer that begins in the brain, is not known. Secondary brain cancer is caused by a cancer of another organ in the body, such as the breast, prostate, kidney, skin, or bone, that has spread to the brain. What are the risk factors for brain cancer? Certain inherited conditions, including neurofibromatosis, Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and Turcot syndrome Personal history of cancer or family history of brain cancer Impaired immune system Radiation therapy of the head Treatments Options: Treatment Surgery is the main form of treatment for brain tumors that lie within the membranes covering the brain or in parts of the brain that can be removed without damaging critical neurological functions. The goal is to remove the entire tumor, whenever possible, as a tumor may recur if any tumor cells are left behind. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are generally used as secondary treatment for tumors that cannot be cured through surgery alone. Stereotactic radiosurgery Stereotactic radiosurgery is a treatment option that delivers a high concentration of radiation directly to the tumor in order to stop its growth, while delivering only a minimal dose of radiation to the surrounding tissue. Unlike conventional surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery does not require making an incision to remove the tumor. It can be especially effective in patients with many small metastatic brain tumors.
2 people found this helpful

Brain Tumors: Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Dr. Deva Kumar Borgohain 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Neurosurgery
Neurosurgeon, Guwahati
Brain Tumors: Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment
A tumor is an uncontrolled and abnormal growth of cells. A brain tumor is thus an abnormal growth and multiplication of cells in the brain. The cell growth can also be in areas adjacent to the brain. The brain tumor may Have its origin in the brain (Primary brain tumor), or Its origin may be in some other parts or organs of the body, which gradually spreads to the brain (Secondary/metastatic brain tumor). Not all brain tumors are harmful and life threatening. Brain tumors that exist as noncancerous cell growths are known as Benign brain tumors. Benign brain tumors seldom pose any threat to life. Brain tumors that are cancerous and, thus, harmful, are known as Malignant brain tumors. Do not neglect any brain tumors (malignant or not). It is better to be safe than to be sorry. Types of Primary brain tumors: Based on its cell of origin, primary brain tumors (benign as well as malignant) may be of the following types: Meningiomas: Brain tumors that originate from the meninges (the membranes that cover the brain and the spinal cord). Meningiomas are seldom malignant. Acoustic Neuromas: A noncancerous cell growth that has its origin in the vestibulocochlear nerve (the eighth cranial nerve). This nerve connects the brain with the inner ear. Gliomas: Here, the tumor has its origin in the brain and the spinal cord (glial cells). This type of brain tumors, in most cases (~80%), are malignant. Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors (PNETs): Extremely rare, PNETs are malignant tumors that develop in the embryonic cells in the brain. Medulloblastomas: Medulloblastomas is a malignant brain tumor that mostly affects children. It originates in the cerebellum (lower part of the brain). Craniopharyngiomas: A benign brain tumor that has its origin near the pituitary gland (base of the brain). Craniopharyngiomas are common in children. Probability of a secondary brain tumor are more in people who have had; Kidney cancer Breast cancer Lung cancer Colon cancer Melanoma Symptoms: The symptoms of brain tumor include: Chronic and regular headaches. A change in the headache pattern. Seizures. A person may experience vision problems (Peripheral vision may be affected, double or blurred vision). There may be difficulty in hearing. Nausea and vomiting. Behavioral and speech problems. An arm or a leg may lose sensation. A person has difficulty with balance. Diagnosis and Treatment: Though brain tumor can affect anyone and everyone, its chances are higher in People who are more exposed to ionizing radiation. People having undergone a radiation therapy are equally vulnerable. Children as well as older people. People having a family history of brain tumors. The diagnosis includes; An imaging test like the MRI, CT scan and PET (Positron Emission Tomography). Biopsy, whereby samples of the abnormal tissue is collected and examined. Neurological examination. Treatment: Surgery is an effective treatment for brain tumors. One can also opt for: Radiations, whereby the abnormal tumor cells are destroyed using protons and x-rays (high-energy beams). Chemotherapy: In this treatment, the tumor cells are destroyed using strong drugs (taken orally or intravenously). Radiosurgery. Targeted drug therapy: This treatment blocks the abnormalities that are characteristically present only in the cancer cells.
1 person found this helpful

Brain Metastases - How Stereotactic Radiosurgery Can Help?

Dr. Debnarayan Dutta 90% (10 ratings)
MD, MBBS
Oncologist, Ernakulam
Brain Metastases - How Stereotactic Radiosurgery Can Help?
In many patients with brain metastases, the primary therapeutic aim is symptom palliation and maintenance of neurologic function, but in a subgroup, long-term survival is possible. Local control in the brain, and absent or controlled extracranial sites of disease are prerequisites for favorable survival. Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a focal, highly precise treatment option with a long track record. Its clinical development and implementation by several pioneering institutions eventually rendered possible cooperative group randomized trials. A systematic review of those studies and other landmark studies was undertaken. Most clinicians are aware of the potential benefits of SRS such as a short treatment time, a high probability of treated-lesion control and, when adhering to typical dose/volume recommendations, a low normal tissue complication probability. However, SRS as sole first-line treatment carries a risk of failure in non-treated brain regions, which has resulted in controversy around when to add whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT). SRS might also be prescribed as salvage treatment in patients relapsing despite previous SRS and/or WBRT. An optimal balance between intracranial control and side effects requires continued research efforts.

Brain Cancer - What To Know About It?

Dr. Rajyaguru Hardik 91% (144 ratings)
DNB(Neurosurgery)
Neurosurgeon, Durgapur
Brain Cancer - What To Know About It?
Brain cancer is a disease of the brain in which cancer cells (malignant cells) arise in the brain tissue. Cancer cells grow to form a mass of cancer tissue (tumor) that interferes with brain functions such as muscle control, sensation, memory, and other normal body functions. Tumors composed of cancer cells are called malignant tumors, and those composed of mainly non-cancerous cells are called benign tumors. Cancer cells that develop from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors while tumors that spread from other body sites to the brain are termed metastatic or secondary brain tumors. Prologue: Brain cancer is actually the abnormal growth and uncontrolled growth of the cancer cells in the brain,that forms a tumor in the brain.Tumours can be either benign or malignant. Benign brain tumours are abnormal collections of cells that reproduce slowly and usually remain separate from the surrounding normal brain. Malignant tumours reproduce and grow quickly. Their borders are hard to distinguish from the normal brain around them. Symptoms: There are few early symptoms of brain cancer, but as the tumour grows within the confines of the skull, it causes increased intracranial pressure and exerts pressure on the brain, causing signs to develop. Brain cancer symptoms and signs are varied and depend on the area of the brain involved, but can include: Headaches. Seizures. Nausea and vomiting, which, CANSA reports, may be worse in the morning or after a sudden position change. Difficulty walking or clumsiness. Vision changes. Changes in alertness. Behavioural impairment. Causes: Brain cancer occurs when there is an uncontrolled growth of cancer cells in the brain that form a malignant brain tumor. The underlying cause of primary brain cancer, cancer that begins in the brain, is not known. Secondary brain cancer is caused by a cancer of another organ in the body, such as the breast, prostate, kidney, skin, or bone, that has spread to the brain. What are the risk factors for brain cancer? Certain inherited conditions, including neurofibromatosis, Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and Turcot syndrome Personal history of cancer or family history of brain cancer Impaired immune system Radiation therapy of the head Treatments Options: Treatment Surgery is the main form of treatment for brain tumors that lie within the membranes covering the brain or in parts of the brain that can be removed without damaging critical neurological functions. The goal is to remove the entire tumor, whenever possible, as a tumor may recur if any tumor cells are left behind. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are generally used as secondary treatment for tumors that cannot be cured through surgery alone. Stereotactic radiosurgery Stereotactic radiosurgery is a treatment option that delivers a high concentration of radiation directly to the tumor in order to stop its growth, while delivering only a minimal dose of radiation to the surrounding tissue. Unlike conventional surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery does not require making an incision to remove the tumor. It can be especially effective in patients with many small metastatic brain tumors.
1931 people found this helpful

Brain Tumor Ke Lakshan in Hindi - ब्रेन ट्यूमर के लक्षण

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Brain Tumor Ke Lakshan in Hindi - ब्रेन ट्यूमर के लक्षण
ब्रेन ट्यूमर दिमाग में असामान्य कोशिकाओं का कैंसर के रूप में या बिना कैंसर के जमा हो जाना या विकसित होने को कहा जाता है. इसका विकास मानव मस्तिष्क में हो सकता है. ये भी हो सकता है कि ये मस्तिष्क में फैलकर शरीर के किसी अन्य हिस् से में दिमाग के कैंसर केरूप में फ़ैल जाए. इंटराक्रेनियनल प्रेशर (आईआईसीपी) के लगातार बढ़ने से मस्तिष्क पर दबाव की मात्रा काफी बढ़ जाती है और इससे अत्यधिक तरल पैदा होता है, मस्तिष्क में सूजन आती है या एक गांठ बन जाती है, जो ब्रेन ट्यूमर का कारण हो सकता है. इसके लक्षणों में नए या तेजी से बढ़ते सिर दर्द, दृष्टि धुंधली होना, संतुलन खोना, भ्रम, और दौरे आदि शामिल हैं. हालांकि कुछ मामलों में, कोई लक्षण दिखाई नहीं भी पड़ सकता है. ब्रेन त्य्मर के लक्षण सिरदर्द, सामान्य तौर पर एक व्यक्ति में ब्रेन ट्यूमर के शुरुआती लक्षण हो सकते हैं. अन्य लक्षणों में दौरा पड़ना, नजर या सुनने की क्षमता पर असर, चक्कर आना, मिचली और उलटी आना, हाथों और टांगों में कमजोरी के फिट्स आना या संज्ञानात्मक का स्तर कम होना आदि अन्य संबंधित लक्षण हैं. इसके आलावा काफी हल्का, एचिंग या मंद-मंद महसूस होना. समय बीतने के साथ सिरदर्द बार-बार होने लगता है और इसकी गंभीरता भी बढ़ जाती है और आगे चलकर ये लगातार बना रहने वाला दर्द बन जाता है, जिससे आसानी से राहत नहीं मिलती है. ब्रेन ट्यूमर की पहचान 1. सिरदर्द जब भी किसी व्यक्ति को काफी दिनों से सदर्द की समस्या हो तो इसका चेकअप करा लेना चाहिए. ताकि इसके जोखिम से बचा जा सके. इस दौरान गंभीर रूप से और लगातार सिरदर्द रह सकता है. 2. मांसपेशी संबंधी ब्रेन ट्यूमर की पहचान किसी व्यक्ति में मांसपेशी से सम्बंधित समस्याओं में भी हो सकती है. जैसे आपको इस दौरान चलने में परेशानी, तालमेल में समस्या, मांसपेशियों में कमज़ोरी, शरीर के एक तरफ़ कमज़ोरी, या हाथों और पैरों की कमज़ोरी आदि परेशानियाँ हो सकती हैं. 3. पूरे शरीर में यदि आपको किसी व्यक्ति में बहुत ऊंचाई से नीचे देखने पर आने वाला चक्कर (वर्टिगो), चक्कर आना, थकान, या संतुलन न कर पाने जैसा लक्षण नजर आये तो समझ जाइए कि ये ब्रेन ट्यूमर का एक लक्षण हो सकता है. 4. पेट और आंत संबंधी कई लोगों में उल्टी या मतली जैसी समस्या भी ब्रेन ट्यूमर के शुरवाती संकेत हो सकती है. इसलिए ऐसे लक्षणों के नजर आते ही आपको तुरंत अपना चेकप कराना चाहिए. 5. महसूस करने से संबंधित ब्रेन ट्यूमर की एक पहचान ये भी है कि इस दौरान व्यक्ति चुभन महसूस करने लगता है या फिर स्पर्श कम महसूस होने की शिकायत हो सकती है. 6. बुद्धि संबंधी जब आपको ऐसा लगे कि आपको ठीक से बोलने और समझने में परेशानी हो रही है या मानसिक भ्रम जैसी स्थिति उत्पन्न हो रही है तो ये भी ब्रेन ट्यूमर का एक लक्षण माना जा सकता है. 7. आवाज ब्रेन ट्यूमर के मरीजों में बोलते समय आवाज़ सही न निकलने या बोलने में कठिनाई होने जैसी पहचान भी देखी जाती है. ऐसे लक्षणों के नजर आने पर आपको चिकित्सकीय परामर्श लेना चाहिए. 8. यह होना भी आम है कई लोगों में ब्रेन ट्यूमर के लक्षणों के रूप में दौरे पड़ना, धुंधला दिखना, नींद आना, या व्यक्तित्व में बदलाव आदि नजर आ सकते हैं. ऐसे में किसी भी तरह का लक्षण आपको नजर आए तो आपको तुरंत किसी चिकित्सक का परामर्श लेना चाहिए.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 22 years old. I am having a knot kind of lump from inside in brain. It is small but can be felt. It does not causing any problem but when I am pressing it, it is paining. I just wanted to know whether it is a serious problem or shall I ignore it? Should I go for a diagnose? I have noticed this problem since 5-10 days. Please help me.

Dr. Ruchi Gupta 88% (79 ratings)
MD - Anaesthesiology, DNB, MBBS, Diploma In Aesthetic Medicine
Pain Management Specialist, Amritsar
lybrate-user this lump seems to be on your scalp as you can feel it. You can wait for a week if this doesn’t get ok then show a surgeon. These are sometimes small sebaceous cyst which doesn’t cause problem until it’s gets infected.
1 person found this helpful

Sir i am 26 years old mujhe brain tumour ha mai ladki hu mujhe daily bhut hii zadaa pain hota hai bhut zadaa ab iskaa ilaaj kaise hoga mai esa kya karu jisae mera pain thik ho jaye?

Dr. Anil Pratap Tanwar 90% (41 ratings)
Bachelor of physiotherapy
Physiotherapist, Faridabad
For this prob I suggest you you use twin stem sachet once a day in morning, Rise onn syrup twice a day before food, q 10 caps twice a day, and polytos caps twice a day, and elix r tulsi twice a day, regularly. You find better asap.
1 person found this helpful

Sir 5x3 mm pituitary lesion I consult endocrinologist last one year prolactin releases normal but erection problem is not clear, cabgolin takes last one year, can I consult neurologist or neurosurgeon please give me answer sir.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 88% (2639 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath,
Well pituitary tumor is very difficult one, normally doctor's doesn't want to operate it, you can consult with a neurologist, but side by side you need to do proper homoeopathic treatment, this can be effective also.

Hi, My relative's Daughter lives in Mumbai is in very serious condition. She is suffering from Brain tumor and her parents gave treatment in many hospitals but no satisfactory result given by hospitals. Please Help.

Dr. Himani Negi 93% (18034 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Chennai
The presenting symptoms of a primary brain tumor are typically classified as generalized or focal. Headache is more prevalent in patients with faster growing, high grade tumors. Seizures are a more common presenting feature in lower grade tumors.CSF dissemination of tumor cells should be suspected in patients with neurologic deficits that cannot be attributed to the primary tumor. Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat brain tumor but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to cure brain tumor symptoms that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. 
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Brain Tumors - Various Treatment Methods!

MCh - Neurosurgery, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Chennai
Stereotactic surgery is a conventional surgical treatment of brain tumor. True or false. Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz

Brain Tumor - Can It Be Prevented?

MCh - Neurosurgery, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Chennai
Changing diet and food habits may reduce the risk of brain cancer. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
Start Quiz

Brain Surgery In Children - Common Do's & Don'ts!

Dr. Bsv Raju 88% (10 ratings)
M.Ch - Neuro Surgery, DNB (Orthopedics)
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
During brain surgery, the child might be woken up in the middle of the procedure. True or False? Take this quiz to know now.
Start Quiz

Can Changing Your Diet Prevent Brain Tumor?

Dr. Amit Chakrabarty 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Cerebrovascular and Micro neurosurgery fellowship, MS - General Surgery, MCh Neurosurgery
Neurosurgeon, Jaipur
Limiting exposure to radiation reduces the risk of brain cancer. True or false, take this quiz to know.
Start Quiz

Brain Tumor - Can It Be Prevented?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCH - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Bhopal
Changing diet and food habits may reduce the risk of brain cancer. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
Start Quiz

Popular Health Packages

ENQUIRE
28 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹3000
ENQUIRE
90 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹4500
ENQUIRE
₹2000
30 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹3000
ENQUIRE
180 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹3000
ENQUIRE
30 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹700