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Brain Tumor - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

A tumor is defined as a mass of tissues which is formed due to the accumulation of cells. Tumors can be non cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant) in nature. Benign brain tumors are not deep rooted in the brain and can be removed surgically with ease. Even after the operation, they can still come back but are less likely to occur unlike malignant tumor. Benign tumors don’t cause death but it can cause inflammation on the brain by putting immense pressure on and around the skull.

The exact cause of brain tumor is still not known, but studies suggest that certain risk factors might trigger brain tumor. Children receiving radiation are more prone in developing brain tumor as adults. A rare genetic condition called Li-Fraumeni syndrome or neurofibromatosis. People who are over the age of 65 are also at a higher risk of developing brain tumor. Cancerous brain tumor can lead to brain cancer and spread to the central nervous system and other part of the brain as well.

How is brain tumor diagnosed?

It is advisable to consult a neurologist to diagnose brain tumor. The neurologist starts by asking you about the health history of your family and symptoms you might be experiencing at the present moment. A physical exam is also performed accompanied with a MRI or CAT scan to see the images of your brain. An MRA or an Angiogram is also performed in some cases. This involves use of a dye to see the blood vessels in the brain to locate abnormal blood vessels and a tumor. A biopsy is required to know whether the tumor is malignant or not. This is done by removing a brain tissue with a needle inserted through a hole drilled inside the skull. This tissue is sent to the lab for imaging and testing.

Treatment of brain tumor:

Most of the tumors are removed by surgery based on their location in the brain. In some cases, the tumor is usually located in a sensitive area and cannot be operated. In this case, radiation therapy or chemotherapy is used for shrinking or killing the tumor. Chemotherapy can also be used after surgically removing the tumor to kill the remaining malignant cells in the brain. Tumors which are extremely deep inside the brain are usually treated with Gamma Knife therapy (highly advanced radiation therapy). It vital to see a therapist during the treatment.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Seizures Change in hearing or speech Change in vision Balalnce problems Problem in walking Tingling or numbness in the feet and arms Weakness felt on the whole body

Popular Health Tips

CT Angiography Of Brain - Know Its Benefits!

Dr. Pradyot Kumar Govil 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
CT Angiography Of Brain - Know Its Benefits!
A brain computed tomography angiography (CTA) is a specialized neurologic CT scan, and it involves fast CT imaging while simultaneously injecting IV contrast into a vein in the arm. This procedure allows visualization of the specific vascular anatomy of the organs in the body. It can also be used to evaluate vessels or plan a surgery. Mostly it is used to identify a small aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation (abnormal communications between blood vessels) inside the brain. A patient can expect the following things during the brain CTA examination: The patient is asked to lie on the examination table. If contrast is used, an automatic injection pump connected intravenously will release the contrast material at a controlled rate. Although the movement of the table occurs slowly at first, it gains rapid momentum when the actual CTA is performed. The patient may be asked to hold his/her breath during the scanning. Any motion in the form of breathing or body movements can lead to artifacts on the images. The entire CTA exam may be completed within a few seconds. However, the patient s actual time in the room may be long. This delay can occur as the technologist takes his/her time to position the patient on the table, check or place an IV line, do preliminary imaging to verify the beginning and end points of the exam, and set up the scan and contrast injection settings based on the part of the body being imaged. Benefits of brain CTA include the following: The need for surgery may be eliminated by angiography; however if surgery remains necessary, it can be performed with much accuracy because of brain CTA findings. As the CTA is able to detect the obstruction of blood vessels, it allows for potentially corrective therapy. The CTA may give precise anatomic detail than a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), particularly in cases of small blood vessels. The CTA is faster, noninvasive, and has lesser complications than catheter angiography, which involves placing a catheter (plastic tube), (usually at the groin) into the patients major blood vessels and injecting a contrast material along with probable sedation or general anesthesia. The CTA examination costs lesser than catheter angiography.No radiation remains in a patient's body after a CTA examination. Risk factors for brain CTA A small chance of cancer from excessive exposure to radiation History of allergy to X-ray contrast material Risk for kidney failure, as the contrast material could potentially further damage the kidney function in patients with pre-existing kidney disease.
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What Are the Side Effects of Brain Surgery?

Dr. Savitr Sastri 91% (78 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MBBS, MCh - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
What Are the Side Effects of Brain Surgery?
Brain surgery involves several medical procedures, which incorporate fixing issues with the brain, including changes in the tissues of the brain, cerebrospinal fluid and brain blood flow. Brain surgery is quite a complicated method of surgery and the type of surgery to be conducted depends on the underlying conditions. Reasons for Brain Surgery: Brain surgery is performed for the correction of physical brain abnormalities. These abnormalities could occur because of diseases, birth defects and injuries. A brain surgery is required when the following conditions arise in the brain: Abnormal blood vessels Aneurysm Bleeding Blood clots in the brain When the protective tissue or dura is damaged Epilepsy Due to nerve damage Parkinson's disease Any kind of pressure after an injury Abscesses Skull fractures In case of stroke and tumors A surgery may not be required for all the above mentioned conditions, but in case of many, a brain surgery is very important as the conditions may worsen health problems. Types of brain surgeries: Craniotomy: During this open brain surgery, an incision is made in the scalp, and a hole is created in the skull, near the area, which is being treated. After this process is complete, the hole or bone flap is secured in its place using plates or wires. Biopsy: This form of brain surgery helps in the removal of a small amount of brain tissues or tumors. After removal, the tissues or tumors are examined under a microscope. The creation of a small incision and a hole in the skull is indicated as a part of this process. Minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery: This form of brain surgery enables the removal or lesions and tumors via the nose and sinuses. Private parts of the brain can be accessed without creating an incision. An endoscope is utilized in the process which is used to examine tumors all across the brain. Minimally Invasive neuroendoscopy: This process is similar to the minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery. This method also involves the use of an endoscope for removal of brain tumors. Small, dime sized holes may be made in the skull to access some brain parts. Risks: Brain surgeries may be associated with several risks. They may be: Allergic reactions to anesthesia Bleeding Blood clot formations Swelling of the brain A state of coma Impairment in speech, coordination and vision. Problems in memory Strokes and seizures Infections in the brain A brain surgery is a serious and very complex surgery. There are different kinds of brain surgeries, which are conducted depending on the condition and severity of the disease.
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Tips For Detecting A Brain Tumor!

Dr. Apoorva Pandey 92% (16 ratings)
MS-General Surgery, Mch-Neurosurgery
Neurosurgeon, Bhopal
Tips For Detecting A Brain Tumor!
A brain tumor can occur at any age and it generally occurs in people in the age group of 40-60 years. The common types of brain tumor are termed as meningioma and gliomas. These supratentorial brain tumors generally occur above the covering of the cerebellum tissue. In children, brain tumors occur at the age of 1-12 years and the most common tumors are ependymomas, astrocytoma and meduloblastomas. Brain tumor is the common cause of death even in children. Tips to Detecting a Brain Tumor The general symptoms that are indications of a brain tumor include severe headaches, memory changes, nausea, drowsiness, sleep problems, fatigue and sudden involuntary movements of muscles of an individual. The symptoms can be either specific or generic and the general symptoms are mainly caused by the pressure of the tumor on the brain. The specific symptoms on the other hand are caused when specific parts of the brain does not function properly. Many people even experience loss of control of body functions. The other problems that are experienced by individuals include changes in the ability to perform daily activities and loss of balance. They find difficulty in hearing, speech and at times are very aggressive. If these symptoms exist, then your doctor would recommend a physical examination and ask about your health history and that of your family. Tests to Detect Brain Tumor The tests that are advised by doctors to detect a brain tumor include MRI, neurologic exam, CT scan, biopsy, angiogram and spinal tap. In the neurologic exam the vision, alertness, hearing, coordination, muscle strength and reflexes are checked by the doctor. The doctor also checks for any swelling in the eyes which can be caused by the pressing of the nerve which connects the brain and the eye. The CT scan done for detecting brain tumor provides detailed pictures of your head and it is done through an X-ray machine which is connected to a computer. The contrast material is injected into the blood vessel of your hand and abnormal areas can be seen easily. Biopsy In this method tissues from the brain are removed and tested for tumor cells. The cells are observed by a pathologist under a microscope mainly to check for abnormal cells. The biopsy method is used to show tissue changes that can further lead to cancer. Brain tumor can be easily diagnosed with this method. MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging or MRI as it is commonly referred to is of great use as it helps to diagnose brain tumors. In this procedure, a dye is injected through a vein in the arm using which the variances in the tissues of the brain can be identified. Consult your doctor today for more information on the same.
1881 people found this helpful

Brain Tumor In Children - Understanding It In Detail!

Dr. Pradyot Kumar Govil 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
Brain Tumor In Children - Understanding It In Detail!
Though childhood brain tumor is a rare disease, still, many children of any age all over the world suffer from this condition. Unlike the brain tumors in adults, brain tumors in children is a bit different. Brain tumors are probably the most common form of solid tumors affecting children. However, having knowledge of the symptoms, probable treatment of the disease can help the parents in coping with the situation in a better way and taking the right decision at the right time. What is a brain tumor? A group of abnormal cell growth in the brain is referred to as a brain tumor. The types of brain tumor depend upon the structure of the tumor cells, their rate of growth, composition and several other characteristics. However, two most common types of brain tumor affecting children are primary and secondary. In primary brain tumor, the tumor cells develop in the brain, while in secondary, cancerous cells invade the brain from other parts of the body. Symptoms that determine the presence of tumor may vary in every child. The variation is due to certain aspects including size of the tumor, the location of the tumor, how the tumor is affecting the brain, etc. Some of the most common symptoms of childhood brain tumor are severe headaches, occasional seizures, feeling of sickness and vomiting, eye problems such as blurred visions, feelings of drowsiness without any reason, etc. Some children suffering from brain tumour may also experience difficulty in maintaining balance when walking or behavioral changes in children. Treatment While for some, surgical removal of the tumor may be the only treatment solution, for some sessions of radiotherapy and chemotherapy turn out to be really helpful. To control or reduce the effects of the brain tumor symptoms, taking regular medications may also be necessary for the affected children. Doctor may devise the best treatment plan despending on the condition of a child. As the treatment completely depends on the severity of the problem. Prognosis Depending on the grade, location, and type of tumor as well as the treatment, the overall health of children can be determined. While a significant number of children often successfully recover from the brain tumor, for some, the treatment needs to be continued for many years. As the nervous system of a child is in its developing stage, sometimes, children may develop some kind of learning or behavioral or physical disability as a result of the brain tumor treatment. If a child has any of these symptoms mentioned above, his or her parents should consult a medical professional right away. The sooner it is diagnosed, the better are the chances for the child to recover from a brain tumor.
3204 people found this helpful

Warning Signs Associated With Brain Tumor!

Dr. Monish De 87% (62 ratings)
MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma In Medicine, Fellowship In Medical Oncology
Oncologist, Kolkata
Warning Signs Associated With Brain Tumor!
Brain tumours vary in shape and size and the same is the case with their symptoms. The location of the tumour affects the symptoms greatly. Just like in any other type of a malignant tumour, brain tumour has a rapid growth and proliferation of abnormal cells that may have its origin in affected site or areas adjacent to it. As per studies, every 2 in 1,00,000 people are said to be affected by brain tumour in India. However, it may come as a relief to some as not all brain tumors are cancerous or life threatening. Some are benign tumors and seldom pose any threat to the affected individual. Types of Brain Tumor Brain tumors may be primary or secondary. Primary brain tumor: Here the abnormal mass of cells that originated in the brain do not metastasize to the other organs. Based on their location in the brain, the primary brain tumors may be of the following types. Gliomas: One of the most common types of primary brain tumors, gliomas can have their origin in the spinal cord or the brain. Some of the common types of gliomas include Astrocytomas (originates in the cerebrum of the brain), Glioblastomas (these tumors form from the Astrocytes which form the supportive tissues of the brain), Ependymoma (these develop from the ependymal cells which are present within the CNS), Oligodendrogliomas (these tumors are found to arise from the oligodendrocytes). Schwannomas: Also called as Acoustic neuromas, these primary brain tumors form on the nerves that play an important role in regulating the balance and hearing from the inner ear to the brain. Meningiomas: These type of tumors are usually benign and have their origin in the meninges (membranes surrounding the spinal cord and the brain). Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs): Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are rare malignant tumors that originate from the fetal (embryonic) cells in the brain. Pituitary adenomas: As the name suggests, these tumors arise from the pituitary gland located at the base of the brain. Medulloblastomas: Common among the children, these malignant primary tumors develop in the brain (lower back) and gradually spread via the spinal fluid. Other types of primary brain tumors include Craniopharyngiomas and the Germ cell tumors. Secondary brain tumors: Unlike the primary brain tumors, these tumors have their origin in the other body parts and organs (mostly in the lungs, skin, colon, breast, and kidney) and then gradually metastasize to the brain. The secondary brain tumors are found to be more common. Symptoms or warning signs associated with brain tumors: Some of the signs and symptoms that may be indicative of a brain tumor include People with brain tumors often get seizures (due to the irritation caused by the tumors in the brain). A headache (mild to severe depending on the part of the brain affected by the tumor). A person experiences numbness or a tingling sensation in the legs and arms. There may be difficulties in walking or balancing. A person finds it difficult to concentrate. There may be some problems with hearing, speech or even vision. A person may experience weakness restricted to only one part of the body. The symptoms may not necessarily indicate a brain tumor but it is always wise not to neglect the symptoms either.
2788 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

A known case of optic nerve glioma. Well defined elongated intraconal mass lesion along the intra orbital and canalicular segment of left optic nerve with extent and characteristic, as described likely optic glioma. Please advice.

Dr. Gagan Saini 89% (25 ratings)
MD (Radiation Oncology), DNB (Radiotherapy)
Oncologist, Noida
Optic nerve glioma needs either surgery or radiotherapy or both. Needs thorough clinical assessment.

I had ependymoma grade 2 and I want it to not come again so can take homeopathy medicine and if I take it is there any chances they it will not come back.

Dr. Napoleon Dangmei 90% (67 ratings)
Homeopath, Imphal
Hello lybrate-user, Yes, Homeopathy will give you the safest treatment & when cured with homeopathy there is NO room for recurrence of disease. Go with Homeopathy. Get well soon Thank you.
1 person found this helpful

Sir my father have report of tumor in brain left side. X Ray and sonography reports are normal. Sir wat is advisable biopsy or craniotomy surgery.

Dr. Nikhilesh Borkar 95% (208 ratings)
MBBS, M.S. General Surgery, M.R.C.S. England, M.Ch. Surgical Oncology, DNB Surgical Oncology, FEBS Surgical Oncology, DNB General Surgery, MNAMS, FMAS, FIAGES, FAIS, FICS, FEBS Breast Surgery, FACS, Fellowship IFHNOS & MSKCC USA, Fellowship in breast and oncplastic Surgery
Oncologist, Mumbai
Please see a neurosurgeon. If MRI Feature are classical, they may proceed with surgery directly, if not, they may do a burr hole and Biopsy, which is also a surgery like craniotomy (especially if lymphoma is suspected)

There is a mobile tower on the terrace of the house opposite to ours. The tower is 30m away from our house. In internet its mentioned that living that close to mobile towers can increase the chances of having cancer and brain tumors. Is it true? Are there any real health hazards of living very close to mobile towers. Kindly advice.

DM Pediatric Medical Oncology, Fellowship Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Oncologist, Bhubaneswar
Mobile towers have a relatively low level of radiofrequency emission, these are not carcinogenic. Till date there is no conclusive evidence to prove any significant adverse health event.

HI, My weight is 90 kg. And Sir Please brain tumor ke treatment ke liye kuch suggestion de near Yamuna vehar ya shahdra ya folded garden mai Please help for that.

Dr. Mazda Turel 85% (113 ratings)
Mch Neuro Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, International Clinical Fellowship
Neurosurgeon, Mumbai
Thank you for your question. We treat brain tumors daily but his needs a thorough understanding of your problem to provide you with the best advice and guidance. I’d be happy to see you in my Clinic at Wockhardt Hospitals, any day between 4-8 pm. This will allow me to evaluate you in detail, examine you and discuss your concern at length and answer all your questions in depth. I hope this helps.

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Children's Brain Surgery - What You Can Expect?

Dr. Apoorva Pandey 92% (16 ratings)
MS-General Surgery, Mch-Neurosurgery
Neurosurgeon, Bhopal
Sometimes a child is brought back to consciousness while undergoing brain surgery. True or False? Take this quiz to know now.
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Brain Surgery In Children - Know Its Do's and Don'ts!

Dr. K Kartik Revanappa 91% (17 ratings)
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Children s brain surgery is not always done to fulfil the purpose of removing tumours. True or False? Take this quiz to know now.
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Quiz on Brain Tumor!

Dr. Sajjan Rajpurohit 86% (37 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Oncology, DNB - Super Speciality, Immuno Oncology
Oncologist, Delhi
X-ray can cause breast cancer. True or False? Take this quiz to find out.
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Central Nervous System Tumours - Understanding Them In Detail!

Dr. Shameem Ahmed 90% (146 ratings)
MCh Neurosurgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Guwahati
Adopting certain lifestyle habits can prevent the occurrence of brain tumours. True or False? Take this quiz to know now.
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Brain Health - How To Maintain?

Dr. Namit Gupta 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Gurgaon
When it comes to fitness, we all think about hitting the gym and doing exercises to keep our body in good condition. But have you ever considered about your brain health? The brain is one of the most important organs of our body and its health should not be taken for granted. Here is an interesting quiz on how to maintain your brain health.
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