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Thyroid Disorders: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland that is present at the back of your neck and any dysfunction with this gland is known as a thyroid disorder. There are many different problems that can occur with your thyroid, which is why there are so many different conditions and ailments to consider. Therefore, there are multiple treatments for thyroid disorders, depending on the condition you are suffering from. These treatments range in their effectiveness and the recuperation period.

Thyroid disorders can be treated in many different ways, depending on the problem your gland is causing. For infections and diseases, your doctor may prescribe a range of antibiotics to help clear them up. Sometimes, your thyroid may develop a cyst on it. Though this cyst may be benign, it may cause issues like excessive weight gain if you are not careful. The cyst can be removed through surgery in order to treat it.

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are also common ailments connected to the thyroid. Both can dramatically alter your weight and the hormone production in your body. They can be treated with a range of medications that ultimately control your thyroid.

Thyroid cancer is another problem that occurs in the thyroid. It is treated with the help of chemotherapy and radiation, and even surgery if required. The treatment depends on how far the thyroid has spread in your system.

How is the treatment done?

The first step to treating any problem is first diagnosing it. With thyroid disorders, a blood test can reveal the amount of TSH and TRH levels in the blood. These indicate how well your thyroid gland is functioning and the hormones that it is releasing. Furthermore, an ultrasound may be needed to rule out any growths, cancerous or benign ones on the thyroid gland. In case an ultrasound is inconclusive, an MRI might be needed to gain a better picture of the problem. Based on the results of the tests and the symptoms and signs your body is showing, your doctor will then diagnose the problem and administer the right course of treatment.

Antibiotics are the first line of treatment when it comes to any infections or diseases that might be present in your thyroid gland. In case you are suffering from any pain, creams and ointments, along with pain relievers may also be included in the treatment plan. If the ultrasounds show a growth in the thyroid, your doctor will order a biopsy to rule out cancer. If the growth is benign, it can be removed with a simple surgery or laparoscopically.

If you have a cancerous growth in the thyroid, depending on how far its grown, chemotherapy, radiation, or removing the growth through surgery will be the line of treatment.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you have begun to notice changes in your body or if your recent blood tests have shown abnormal levels of TSH or TRH, you should consult a medical professional and get treatment for any thyroid disorder you may be facing.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Sometimes, an underlying condition can mimic some of the tell-tale signs of thyroid disorders. If you have a health condition that could be causing symptoms, then treating your thyroid will not help.

Are there any side effects?

Thyroid disorders, as well as some of the treatments, can lead to drastic changes in your weight and energy levels. You may also notice changes in your body hair. Chemotherapy can lead to nausea, vomiting, weakness, fatigue, and drowsiness. It can also lead to the loss of hair.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

With thyroid disorders, monitoring and regulating your diet becomes extremely important. Your doctor will chart out the different food groups you should focus on consuming and the ones that you should stay away from.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery period depends on the problem you have. Most infections can be cleared within a few days. Cancer can take months or even years to go into remission and can come back at any time. Some disorders are lifelong ailments and need to be managed through diet and medications.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of chemotherapy can range from Rs. 57,000 – Rs. 60,000 per session.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Depending on the thyroid disorder that you have, the results can be permanent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are no alternatives or home remedies for thyroid disorders.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 57,000 - Rs. 60,000

Popular Health Tips

Thyroid - Know How It Can Mess Up Your Mensuration Cycle!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Thyroid - Know How It Can Mess Up Your Mensuration Cycle!

Irregular periods and menstrual cycle disturbances are common in almost 30% women due to several reasons, and thyroid disorders one among them. Most women may not realize that their menstrual cycle is closely related to the proper functioning of their thyroid gland. Any irregularities in your menstrual cycle might be caused due to hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism and knowing the symptoms will help you seek the help of an expert to treat the condition.

Severe premenstrual syndrome
Most women experience a premenstrual syndrome or PMS, a week or 10 days before their period starts. When the woman is suffering from thyroid disorders, this syndrome becomes severe. The common symptoms include bloating and fluid retention, tenderness in breasts, fatigues, insomnia, headaches, cramps, food cravings, tension, irritability, anxiety, depression, trouble in concentrating and many more. These symptoms are magnified when she is suffering from hypothyroidism.

Conditions that affect menstrual cycle

  1. Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism is caused when you have an underactive thyroid, and it is a common disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland fails to produce adequate thyroid hormone. Several menstrual irregularities are associated with hypothyroidism. They are:
  2. Early menstruation: The average age of menarche or the first onset of a period is 12. But a girl suffering from hypothyroidism can experience menstruation as early as the age of 10.
  3. Heavy menstrual periods: A woman can suffer from menorrhagia or heavy periods if she has hypothyroidism. Under this condition, the woman can experience heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding.
  4. Frequent menstrual periods: Hypothyroidism causes periods to occur more frequently, mainly at a gap of 21 days instead of the usual 28-day cycle.
  5. Longer menstrual periods: While a menstrual period lasts for an average of 5 days, hypothyroidism patients will have their periods lasting longer than 6 days.
  6. Painful menstrual periods: Dysmenorrhea is the term used to describe painful menstrual periods. This includes backaches, menstrual cramps, headache, and stomachache along with other symptoms.
  7. Hyperthyroidism: It is a condition caused due to the excessive production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland. An undiagnosed and improperly managed hyperthyroidism can cause several menstrual irregularities, such as 
    • Late menstruation: A female suffering from an untreated hyperthyroidism will experience her puberty at a late age of 15 or older compared to the average 12 years.
    • Lighter menstrual periods: The periods experienced by hyperthyroidism patients are lighter than the usual.
    • Short Menstrual periods: While the average time span of a period is 5 days, hyperthyroidism patients will have a period span of 3 days or lower.
    • Sporadic menstrual cycle: Hyperthyroidism patients suffer from oligomenorrhea, where they experience a strange and irregular menstrual cycle. The period may skip one or even two months and then resume again or come every 35 to 40 days.

When there is an irregularity in menstruation for more than 6 months, it becomes important to consult your physician to know the cause behind it and follow the appropriate treatment procedure. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2603 people found this helpful

Diet Tips For Managing Thyroid!

MBBS, Diploma In Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB (ENT)
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Diet Tips For Managing Thyroid!

What you eat plays an important role while you are udergoing thyroid disorders. Certain nutrients can influence the functionalities of the thyroid gland, while some foods can prevent the body’s ability to absorb the hormones to a substantial extent. As with a lot of health conditions, some factors are not in our hands which include family history and the environmental factors around you. However, the factor that you can control, is diet.

You can empower yourself to choose a healthier lifestyle through the right diet. It is advisable that you choose your foods wisely. Some of the following foods are known to be beneficial in managing thyroid:

1. Yoghurt
You will be happy to know that dairy products can contribute to fulfilling the much-needed iodine requirement of your body. Since livestock are generally given copious amounts of iodine supplements and the process of milking incorporates iodine-based cleaners, you can get plenty of iodine from dairy products, particularly, yoghurt. Greek yoghurt is one of the prime sources of iodine and can make up to about 50 percent of the daily intake of the nutrient.

2. Seaweed
When suffering from thyroid, you need iodine to function properly. Producing adequate levels of the thyroid hormone is important to fulfil the needs of the body. Though taking iodized salt can help a lot in your daily iodine intake, you can take additional aid from seaweed. It is important to understand that taking too much iodine can trigger the symptoms of hypothyroidism and the trick here is to balance out how much your body needs.

3. Milk
Much of the iodine in one’s diet comes from dairy products. When you drink about 1 cupful of low-fat milk, you can effortlessly consume around 1/3rd of the daily iodine requirement. It would be better if you take milk rich in Vitamin D. If you are neither a fan of milk nor yoghurt, you may also resort to cheddar cheese, as a single slice can give you around 12 micrograms of the much-needed iodine.

4. Chicken
While all the hype is about iodine, zinc also plays an important role in controlling thyroid symptoms. When you take too little amount of zinc, you can get hypothyroidism and in case you already have this condition, your body will need it more since the thyroid hormones help in the absorption of the minerals. Meat, particularly chicken is an amazing source of zinc when you have it roasted.

5. Fish
Fish is yet another source of iodine since it is found in sea water as well as in soil. Taking 3 ounces per serving of baked cod fish can give you around 99 micrograms of iodine. Moreover, shellfish, lobster, and shrimp are good sources of iodine as well.

By adding these foods, you can definitely control your thyroid symptoms to a considerable extent. Controlling your diet is the key to managing your thyroid condition, and therefore you must pay special attention to it.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3537 people found this helpful

Thyroid And Diabetes - Do They Go Hand In Hand?

Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Mumbai
Thyroid And Diabetes - Do They Go Hand In Hand?

Diabetes and thyroid disorders are the two most common problems affecting people since ages. Diabetes, as is known to all, is a medical condition whereby the body fails to synthesize insulin, a type commonly known as Type-1 diabetes. In another type of diabetes, known as Type-2 diabetes, the body may become insulin resistant. This disorder of the endocrine system can wreak havoc, giving rise to a host of health complications and medical conditions if not treated and managed on time.

The Thyroid hormones (produced by the thyroid glands) play a significant role in various metabolic pathways of the body. Certain conditions (stress, obesity, diseases, medications, to name a few) can affect the production of thyroid hormones, thereby interfering with the normal body activities and metabolic processes. While Increased production of thyroid hormones (T3, T4, TSH) results in Hyperthyroidism, reduced production can give rise to Hypothyroidism. LIke Diabetes, Thyroid diseases also have the potential to throw life in jeopardy if the absence of timely management and treatment.

Are diabetes and thyroid problem interrelated?
This question has baffled scientists and researchers for long. Various studies and research establish a relationship between Diabetes and Thyroid disorders. The Beta cells (Islets of Langerhans) of the Pancreas are responsible for the insulin production, while the thyroid hormones are produced by the thyroid glands. Both the pancreas and the thyroid glands are part of the endocrine system. A scientific paper published in the Journal Of diabetic Research states that the level of the thyroid hormones in the body is directly related to the insulin secretion. An overproduction of thyroid hormones trigger the Beta cells of the pancreases to produce insulin in an increased amount (resulting in Hyperglycemia). On the other hand, a decreased production of thyroid hormones (Hypothyroidism) gives rise to a reduced insulin production by the Beta cells triggering Hypoglycemia.

Some studies also suggest that people with Type-1 Diabetes (an autoimmune condition) is more likely to suffer from Thyroid problems and disorders. In fact, thyroid problems can make the condition more severe, resulting in serious health complications. Thyroid problems may also occur in Type-2 diabetic patients, especially women. However, the extent of damage may be less severe as compared to those with Type-1 diabetes. In this context, it is important to mention that people with low levels of thyroid hormones are likely to suffer from Type-2 diabetes, particularly in pre-diabetic patients.

Thus, it is important that people with diabetes or thyroid problems should get undergo regular medical check-ups and screening tests to avoid any complications. According to the American Diabetes Association, every diabetes patients (especially Type-1) should undergo the thyroid tests (T3 test, T4 test, TSH test) once in every 2 years, even if their thyroid levels are within the normal range.

Though diabetes and thyroid problems are interconnected, proper management can go a long way to keep both the conditions well under control.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2030 people found this helpful

Thyroid: Can Your Still Get Pregnant?

MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma In Diabetology (PGDD)
Endocrinologist, Thane
Thyroid: Can Your Still Get Pregnant?

What Actually Is This Thyroid?
The thyroid is a small, ‘butterfly shaped’ gland, situated just below the larynx (voice box) in the lower part of the neck, just above the collar bones.

What Is The Function Of The Thyroid Gland?
The purpose of the thyroid gland is to take iodine from foods that we consume and convert them into thyroid hormones: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).
T4 and T3 are responsible for the metabolism of every cell, proper growth, development and repair of the body. It is important for the development of the central nervous system, regulation of blood calcium levels, energy production, fat metabolism, oxygen utilization, and weight maintenance.


  1. Exposure to environmental toxins – electromagnetic radiation, chemicals, pesticides, heavy metals
  2. Genetic susceptibility
  3. High levels of stress
  4. Nutritional deficiencies
  5. Autoimmune disorders
  6. Infections
  7. Other hormone imbalances, e.g. estrogen, prolactin imbalance

How Does Thyroid Influence Fertility Potential?
Thyroid problems can interrupt the complex process of the menstrual cycle and can result in an irregular menstrual cycle. This, in turn, results in failure of fertilization of an egg by the sperm and thus, failure in conception.

  1. Anovulatory cycles: This means that you are not ovulating i.e. not releasing an egg.  Luteinizing Hormone (LH) is responsible for the release of an egg from the ovary. If thyroid hormone levels are imbalanced, they cannot support LH to do this.  If no egg is released this makes pregnancy impossible.
  2. Luteal Phase Problems: It takes around 13-15 days to nurture a fertilized egg. If the second half of your menstrual cycle (luteal phase) is very short due to poor LH response and subsequent insufficient progesterone production (T3 required for progesterone release from the luteal cells), a fertilized egg can’t implant securely and will end up leaving your body at around the same time when menstruation would occur.
  3. Low Body Temperature: Low thyroid function will also cause a lower basal body temperature. The rapidly dividing cells in a little embryo need a specific temperature range for that division to take place.  If your basal body temperature is very low, the embryo may not be able to continue growing. This increases the risk of early miscarriage.

How can you still be Pregnant?
Increased intake of iodine-rich food: Whole fat yogurt, raw dairy product, strawberries, potatoes with the skin left on, zinc with vitamins E, A, B, C, and selenium are responsible for thyroid hormone manufacture.
Stress results in elevated levels of cortisol. Increased cortisol level will inhibit the conversion of T4 to the active T3 hormone and will stop the active T3 entering cells sufficiently. Stress Management techniques like meditation, Yoga is required.

Exercise is beneficial as it will stimulate thyroid hormone secretion and increase tissue sensitivity to thyroid hormones.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1720 people found this helpful

Silent Thyroiditis - Signs You Might Be Suffering From It!

MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, FRACP - Pediatrc Endocrinology, SCE, Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Kanpur
Silent Thyroiditis - Signs You Might Be Suffering From It!

The thyroid is a small gland that controls metabolism and growth. Silent thyroiditis is a common autoimmune disorder that affects the thyroid gland. It causes an inflammation of the thyroid gland and is characterized by mild symptoms of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. It is known as Silent thyroiditis because this condition is not painful in any way. Silent thyroiditis is also known as lymphocytic thyroiditis or subacute lymphocytic thyroiditis.The cause of this condition is unknown and hence it is not possible to prevent it. This is one of the least common disorders to affect the thyroid gland. However, middle aged women are at the highest risk of suffering from this condition. Other risk factors include a family history of thyroid disorders, certain autoimmune diseases, removal of the adrenal gland or treatment for cancer.

Some of the symptoms of silent thyroiditis are:

  1. Fatigue
  2. Increased sensitivity to heat and cold
  3. Erratic bowel movements
  4. Irregular menstrual periods
  5. Increased appetite
  6. Palpitations
  7. Irritability and nervousness
  8. Unexplained weight loss
  9. Excessive sweating

If you notice such symptoms, you must consult a doctor. To determine a silent thyroiditis diagnosis, a thorough physical examination and a few tests are required. The physical examination focuses on the size of the thyroid gland, heart rate and presence of tumors if any. A blood test will also be required to check thyroid hormone levels such as T3, T4 and TSH levels. Your doctor may also ask for an ultrasound of the thyroid gland and an imaging test to determine iodine radioactive uptake.

Silent thyroiditis has a good prognosis and patients usually recover within one year. The acute phase typically lasts only three months. Most patients do not require any form of treatment for this condition but regular checkups are advised to keep track of the disease. In rare cases, medical treatment may be required. For example, if the patient complains of increased heart palpitations or excessive sweating, beta blockers may be prescribed to lower the heart rate. The patient is advised to get plenty of rest and avoid any stressful situations.

In some cases, silent thyroiditis may lead to permanent hypothyroidism. In such cases, medication may be prescribed to normalize the thyroid hormone levels. In some cases, thyroid hormone replacement therapy may also be advised. Surgery and radioactive iodine treatment a not required to treat silent thyroiditis. However, even after the symptoms subside, a close follow up is required to check thyroid hormone levels. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3677 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I have thyroid problem. When it was diagnosed TSH level was 9.3 in may 17. Than one of Dr. Has suggested thyrox25 mg one tab daily. After 3 months it came down to 4.3 level. In September it was again 4.6. But my weight was going these months I gained almost 5-6 kgs. But in March 2018 again tsh level was at 7.35. Sir kindly suggest me thyrox 25 mg is sufficient for me. It's almost going one year to having it. Even than level is going high. Suggest me what to do. Because I am satisfied with the treatment.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. When one is taking adequate dosage of levothyroxine, TSH is maintained around 3 to 4 mU/L. At this level most of the symptoms including weight are in check. In fact it is better to maintain TSH around 2 to 3 mU/l. So you may have to increase the dosage by 12.5 mcg, then check TSH after 6 weeks. For weight reduction apart from TSH control strict diet and regular exercise of over 1 hour a day are needed. Thanks.
6 people found this helpful

I have done some medical tests where I found in the report of Thyroid test section as follows: Total T3 - 63 ng/dl Total T4 - 3.9 mg/dl TSH - 2.97 mIU/ml I am 41 years old man. Do I need any medication for it? Thanks,

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Hello, Thanks for the query. The thyroid test results are absolutely normal, there is no need for any medication. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

My Mother aged 67 years old has been suffering from high pressure (at present150/90), thyroid (under control as per latest report),& also of cholesterol (also under control) for more than 10-15 yrs. Recently her Fasting report shows that her sugar level is 134 & PP report is 175. Her pulse rate is 120. She has been taking medicines like telista mt50, stamlo5, thyrox 50, gluconorm sr, pan-D, cordarone, acitrom, rozucor10, lonapam 0.5,She has got vomiting tendency & also weakness. What should I do now? Whether the medicines prescribed by doctor are proper? So many medicines twice or thrice everyday is causing trouble .suggestion please.

Endocrinologist, Delhi
As she is having so many problems of different types they have to be controlled with multiple medicines and few of them more than one time in a day. Dietary modifications and regular exercise like walking and yoga are helpful in diabetes, hypertension,high cholesterol. Pan D should not be taken regularly for longer periods. It has serious side effects if taken continuously. Use of Lonapam should be discouraged. Fasting sugar needs attention. Discuss these issues with your Doctor.

I have been diagnosed with urticaria from past 1 month. Doctors have given me Allegra 180 for 1 month now, some steroids like wysolone 10 mg for 5 days, atarax for 30 days. But even after taking these for 1 month I don't see total cure. How long will it take. All my blood tests CBC, urine,thyroid and sugar reports r normal.

Endocrinologist, Delhi
You need to change antihistamines some time other medicines from same group give better results. Wysolone should be used with caution and should not be taken for long lime. Follow your doctor's advice strictly.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
How Does Thyroid Disease Affect Your Body?
Thyroid gland regulates metabolism. It produces hormones that control the heart rate and the speed with which calories are burned. It also produces proteins and manages the body s sensitivity to other hormones. Undoubtedly there is a huge impact on quality of life if proper medication not taken on time.
Play video
Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy
Hello everyone, I am Dr Archana Prabhu. I am an Obstetrician and gynaecologist, practicing in MUmbai. Today I will like to discuss about Thyroid Problems.

What is Thyroid?

Thyroid is a small endrocrine gland situated in front of the sound box, in the middle of the neck.

Why is it so important?

The importance of thyroid gland is that it controls our metabolism. It controls the heart rate, skin thickness, texture. It controls our brain, mood, nervous systems, hair and so many other things are controlled by Thyroid. Any thing goes wrong with thyroid. If secretion becomes more, we call it as hyperthyroidism or if secretion become less, we call it as hypothyroidism. THere are problems, out of these problems, 75% of the problems are Hypothyroidism. THat means the secretion through thyroid glands are sub normal. So, I would like to discuss Hypothyroidism.

What happens in Hypothyroidism and how do we come to know that we are suffering from this problem?

Usual problems are;

Excessive weight gain
Sudden weight gain
Swelling in the feet or legs
Dry skin problem
Hair loss
Difficulty in conceoption
Menstrual issues
What happens when patient's thyroid levels are not under control or they are Hypothyroid during pregnancy?

In this case, th baby at its very early stage are exposed to the level of hypothyroidism. There are chances of abortion. In case the pregnancy continues, the baby may develop many complications like, at birth, this baby might be having growth issues i.e, growth retardation.

This baby may have jaundice.
This baby may develop short stretcher
Poor growth
Cardiac issues
The very important part here is that mental development of the baby gets affacted by thyroid level. It has been seen when the baby is exposed to low secretion thyroid level in the early months, they develop mental retardation or low IQ.

I dont think that any of the mother would liek to have this kind of baby, that too because of the small thing which she could have checked and be treated and could easily escape from such a complications. Now, they are certain problems which can go really wrong with the mother also if she has hypothyroidism and the levels are not under control. LIke the blood pressure, she may get into preeclampsia. The mother who is suffering from Hypothyroidism are at risk of developing some kind of cardiac problems.

So, friends the important point here is to check thyroid level in your early month of pregnancy. There are levels which are T3, T4 and TSH. Check thema nd if they are shwoing any kind of abnormality, the tablet is started immediately. It is a very small tablet can be taken anytime empty stomach. Throughout the pregnnacy, every 4-6 weeks we have to keep checking thyroid levels and according to pregnancy month, the levels of thyroid are different for the three trimesters.

We have to keep the levels in that particular level. So the dose adjustment and regular checkup are really important. THis can control teh complications and can save the baby and the mother.

If you need any other information, you can contact me through Lybrate.

Thank you.

Play video
Thyroid Diseases During Pregnancy
Causes, symptoms and diagnosis of Thyroid

Hello friends. I am Dr. Surekha Jain practicing as a gynecologist and obstetrician since last 40 years. I own my own hospital at Shalimar Bagh with the name of Jain Child and Maternity Hopsital Pvt. Ltd. I am also attached with the Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh as a Senior Gynecologist and Obstetrician. Today, I am planning to tell you about Thyroid Diseases during Pregnancy. The reason for choosing this topic is that it is very common nowadays to find thyroid disease during pregnancy and the smallest variation in the thyroid organ can really affect your pregnancy. The thyroid disease is present in two forms: Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism means over active thyroid and Hypothyroidism means which is under active thyroid.

Thyroid is an organ which is located in the front of your organ like a butterfly and it releases hormones which control metabolism of your body it controls even single cell of your body. Thyroid affects the whole body. During pregnancy, why we are worried about the thyroid disease that if you already know that you have hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism at the very first consultation of your pregnancy, you should tell your obstetrician that you are either Hyperthyroid or hypothyroid and what drugs you are already taking. So that the doctor can help you adjust those medications. In case you do not know the status of your thyroid at very first visit the doctor will you investigations to be done and thyroid status is one of them.

Why is it so important to do early? Because the thyroid functions are more important in the first trimester of pregnancy to control the development of the baby. You very well know that during the very first three months of your pregnancy, the child being made, all the organs, all the systems are developed and after that the child only grows inside so the first three months are very crucial. And thyroid controls the activities in the mother and the baby. So, you should know the status of thyroid. Now, let us know what are the most important irregularities you can have in thyroid? Hyperthyroidism, even though it is rare, in early pregnancy signs and symptoms they quite mimic hyperthyroidism like excessive vomiting, nausea, irritability, giddiness and irregular heartbeat, even nervousness. So, these are very common in pregnancy as well as in hyperthyroidism.

So, if they are in a moderate amount, you can think of having these symptoms because of pregnancy. But, in case there is excessive, your doctor will definitely test you for hyperthyroid by doing certain blood tests and manage you accordingly on anti-thyroid drugs. The second most important is hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism being more common than hyperthyroidism, therefore, it is very important to manage hypothyroidism in early pregnancy. In first, seven to nine weeks, the fetus doesn t have any thyroid function in itself. So whatever it is getting it is from the mother. If the mother is deficient, the child will also become deficient and later on it can have multiple problems of nervous system, skeletal system, and developmental problems. Now, how do you diagnose the thyroid disease? It is very simple. Only by blood test you can diagnose thyroid. Three blood tests are there, TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone), T3 and T4. These are the hormones which are released by thyroid and thyroid stimulating hormone is the controlling hormone which keeps adjusting itself according to the hormone. Only by test you can come to know whether you are youth thyroid that is normal thyroid or you are hypothyroid or hyperthyroid.

If thyroid is not controlled properly during pregnancy then there can be multiple things which can happen to the mother and the baby. Now, if it not controlled in the first trimester, then developmental problems can be there. Baby can have certain congenital birth defects but later on it can lead to prematurity, and high blood pressure. Now, how can you come to know you are suffering from symptoms only? Hyperthyroidism can lead to severe nausea, vomiting, and slight tremors in your body, trouble sleeping, weight loss, or low weight for pregnant women. How can you know about hypothyroidism? Symptoms of hypothyroidism are such as extreme tiredness, weight gain, confusion, constipation, concentration and memory problems.

So, once your doctor knows whether you are hypo or hyper, they will treat you accordingly. If you want to know more, you can contact me through Lybrate, Dr. Surekha Jain. I am a certified thyroid disease treatment giver to the patients so you can contact me by chat, telephone, by putting your questions directly to me through Lybrate. They know my telephone number, my address. You can contact me, come to me, you can chat with me and even have video chat with me. Thank you.
Play video
Symptoms and Causes of Thyroid
Lybrate - Dr. Anirban Biswas talks about Thyroid Problems

Hello friends, I am Dr. Anirban Biswas. I am practicing diabetologist in Fortis C-Doc Hospital in New Delhi.

Today I am going to discuss with you about thyroid disease as you know thyroid disease is very common these days and most of the patients when they check their TSH is high, doctors suddenly declare that they have hypothyroidism. Now basically you have to understand what is thyroid disease? Thyroid is a disease which is a cause of a poor functioning of thyroid glands. It is a butterfly shaped organ which is located in our throat, basic function of a thyroid gland is to produce thyroid hormone and when thyroid hormone is deficient it is known as hypothyroidism. Basically the T4 and T3 are the active thyroid hormones.

TSH is a thyroid stimulating hormones which is not secreted by the thyroid gland but it is secreted by the pituitary gland. In response to the lesser secretion of thyroid, it is a feedback mechanism which is developed in our body. So whenever a patient has hypothyroidism, T3 and T4 levels are low or normal. TSH is high and it is compensating for the lack of the thyroid hormones. So this stage is known as sub-clinical hypothyroidism. And the symptoms of sub-clinical hypothyroidism is that patients may have sudden weight gain, patient may feel weak, lethargic, dryness of skin, patients may have other difficulty in managing their memory, routine activities, issues with their sexual and hormonal problems as well, heat and cold intolerance may also be there. So all these things are very common with thyroid patients, most of the patients come with the problem of weight and usually thyroid patients improve after substituting the thyroid hormone which is in the form of tablets.

Now a days, once a weekly tablets are also available for thyroid. Many of the doctors and patients don t know but I have started once weekly which has a very good response and better come plans and I recommend the patients to take once weekly. Management of thyroid is easy but dose has to be titrated with frequent checkup of the thyroid function. And I am organizing thyroid checkup camps in my clinic on regular basis. The other problem of thyroid is hyperthyroidism which is the reverse of the hypothyroidism and in this, thyroid gland secretes the excessive thyroid hormone which causes the reverse action like weight loss, increases basal metabolism rate, eyes may start to protrude. These are the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. For this also, treatment is available.

Other things we should be careful about is that if we are having thyroid problem then we should avoid having too much of soya product and few vegetables like cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli and we should take our medicine regularly.
If you have any queries regarding thyroid, you can please contact me through Lybrate.
Thank you.

Play video
Lifestyle Changes For Living Better With Diabetes And Thyroid

I am dietician Rashmi Sharma from Faridabad, I am handling thyroid, BP and diabetic patients and the obesity.

Basically, thyroid, BP and sugar all these problems are Lifestyle problem and these problems are always because of the eating habits, exercise and your lifestyle. The stress is the major reason for all these things. In a thyroid, the person is basically have metabolism disorders in their body, metabolism related like if they eat food they can't able to digest it and some other symptoms are also there like swelling is there, mood swings and many other things are there. According to person Lifestyle these symptoms are there, some person hypothyroidism specially they have more ways and those who are in Hypothyroidism and they have less weight they have some kind of their lifestyle problems. We have diet patterns, we provide diet patterns, the timings of their diet, some kind of meditation procedures are also available like what kind of procedures you can avail to heal your thyroid and even the person get ready rid of medicines also. Like most of the cases we have gone through which have got very good balance of their thyroid and they get rid of their medicines also. We have some procedures also, processes like cryolipolysis, laser and Ultra these procedures helps you to reduce anxious and the weight also and with inches and weight counselling you can maintain your weight and your pattern. Secondly, sugar diabetes, diabetes are basically also lifestyles problem or if the person is having fattening in their pancreas, they also suffer from the sugar. So for pancreas fat percentage, they have to reduce their fat eating foods which are heavy in their fat patterns like they must avoid maida and they introduced high beans and sprouts also which help them to reduce the fat percentage. In Diabetic, the person should introduce themselves to most of the exercise pattern, if the person is unable to do the exercise they must reduce first their fat percentage then introduced muscles also. How they include the muscle in their body? It is all about how you can avail your diet, in a diet beans-whole beans those who are vegetarian they can go for the whole beans they can go for the sprouts and those who are non-vegetarian they must take thrice chicken, chicken leg piece twice in as a meal replacement and every person have their own kind of a lifestyle, so they have their problems also because of their wrong eating habits and the wrong lifestyles. So in a first or second stage, you must first go through diet pattern then with the exercise and then the type of your lifestyle. It doesn't mean you should not have any kind of a fried foods, fried foods you can have a thyroid person also, BP person also and diabetic person also. But they also need some kind of a guidance and further guidance they must go for a once in a month or once in a three months for any Counsellor, we can help them to maintain their pattern as well. Second thing is the technological basis, technological basically for those who are unable to control these levels. These Technologies help them to maintain by reducing the organelle fat and by maintaining the fat percentage in their body. Second muscle improvement, how they can improve their muscles? Muscles improved by the diet or by reducing their fat percentage or exercise. Some people have low muscle mass like 17, 19 or 20. The muscle percentage can improve by eating patterns, the timings of their eating patterns and the type of food they are choosing. For vegetarian person they can go for the beans, whole beans and for nutritional basis like Tofu and Paneer and milk content and those who are lactose intolerance they must avoid milk and milk products they can use beans, sprouts then milk products. And first, they have to reduce the fat percentage then they can improve the muscle, without reducing their organelle fat and fat they can't improve their muscles as well. So they need a proper counselling for that and for thyroid patients and for BP patients they must take care of the vitamin C level also. That can help them to reduce the water retention and retain the sodium balance as well.

Thank you.
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