The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland that is present at the back of your neck and any dysfunction with this gland is known as a thyroid disorder. There are many different problems that can occur with your thyroid, which is why there are so many different conditions and ailments to consider. Therefore, there are multiple treatments for thyroid disorders, depending on the condition you are suffering from. These treatments range in their effectiveness and the recuperation period.
Thyroid disorders can be treated in many different ways, depending on the problem your gland is causing. For infections and diseases, your doctor may prescribe a range of antibiotics to help clear them up. Sometimes, your thyroid may develop a cyst on it. Though this cyst may be benign, it may cause issues like excessive weight gain if you are not careful. The cyst can be removed through surgery in order to treat it.
Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are also common ailments connected to the thyroid. Both can dramatically alter your weight and the hormone production in your body. They can be treated with a range of medications that ultimately control your thyroid.
Thyroid cancer is another problem that occurs in the thyroid. It is treated with the help of chemotherapy and radiation, and even surgery if required. The treatment depends on how far the thyroid has spread in your system.
The first step to treating any problem is first diagnosing it. With thyroid disorders, a blood test can reveal the amount of TSH and TRH levels in the blood. These indicate how well your thyroid gland is functioning and the hormones that it is releasing. Furthermore, an ultrasound may be needed to rule out any growths, cancerous or benign ones on the thyroid gland. In case an ultrasound is inconclusive, an MRI might be needed to gain a better picture of the problem. Based on the results of the tests and the symptoms and signs your body is showing, your doctor will then diagnose the problem and administer the right course of treatment.
Antibiotics are the first line of treatment when it comes to any infections or diseases that might be present in your thyroid gland. In case you are suffering from any pain, creams and ointments, along with pain relievers may also be included in the treatment plan. If the ultrasounds show a growth in the thyroid, your doctor will order a biopsy to rule out cancer. If the growth is benign, it can be removed with a simple surgery or laparoscopically.
If you have a cancerous growth in the thyroid, depending on how far its grown, chemotherapy, radiation, or removing the growth through surgery will be the line of treatment.
If you have begun to notice changes in your body or if your recent blood tests have shown abnormal levels of TSH or TRH, you should consult a medical professional and get treatment for any thyroid disorder you may be facing.
Sometimes, an underlying condition can mimic some of the tell-tale signs of thyroid disorders. If you have a health condition that could be causing symptoms, then treating your thyroid will not help.
Thyroid disorders, as well as some of the treatments, can lead to drastic changes in your weight and energy levels. You may also notice changes in your body hair. Chemotherapy can lead to nausea, vomiting, weakness, fatigue, and drowsiness. It can also lead to the loss of hair.
With thyroid disorders, monitoring and regulating your diet becomes extremely important. Your doctor will chart out the different food groups you should focus on consuming and the ones that you should stay away from.
The recovery period depends on the problem you have. Most infections can be cleared within a few days. Cancer can take months or even years to go into remission and can come back at any time. Some disorders are lifelong ailments and need to be managed through diet and medications.
The price of chemotherapy can range from Rs. 57,000 – Rs. 60,000 per session.
Depending on the thyroid disorder that you have, the results can be permanent.
There are no alternatives or home remedies for thyroid disorders.
Rs 57,000 - Rs. 60,000
Thyroid, a small butterfly-shaped gland is present at the lower frontal region of the neck, right beneath the voice box. It produces hormones which regulate metabolism (the breakdown of food by the body to convert it into energy). It even plays a pivotal role in boosting organ functions as well as in helping the body sustain heat. However, too much of hormone production by the thyroid gland might yield structural problems, for instance, growth of nodules (abnormal tissue growth) or cysts (non-cancerous sac-like structures containing fluid) and swelling. Hence, a thyroid surgery is a must once these problems occur. The surgery, administered with general anesthesia, eliminates the thyroid gland either wholly or partially.
Why is surgery required?
Types of surgeries available
The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland placed just in front of the windpipe. Though the size of the gland is small, it performs a very important function in the body. The thyroid gland is responsible for producing hormones that regulate metabolism and growth. Some of the most common types of problems that can affect the thyroid gland are:
This is marked by an overactive thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism can be caused by Graves’ disease, toxic adenomas, inflammation of the thyroid gland, a malfunctioning pituitary gland or cancerous growths in the thyroid gland. Treatment of this condition depends largely on the patient’s age, overall health and severity of the issue. It can take the form of radioactive iodine therapy or surgery. Beta blockers and other thyroid medication may also be used to treat this condition.
This condition is marked by an underactive thyroid gland wherein the gland does not produce enough thyroxine hormone. It can lead to weight gain and make the person feel tired and depressed. The most common cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune condition known as Hashimoto’s disease. In this case, the body begins producing antibodies that destroy the thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism can also be triggered by radiation to the neck, side effects of certain types of medication, thyroid surgery or an excess amount of iodine in the person’s diet. Hypothyroidism can be treated with medication but this medication usually needs to be taken for life.
Goitre refers to a swelling of the thyroid gland. This can be caused by hyperthyroidism as well as hypothyroidism. It can also be caused by a lack of iodine or too much iodine in the patient’s diet. If the goitre is too small to cause discomfort, a wait and watch approach may be taken. Else, thyroid medication may be prescribed to treat the underlying condition.
Cancer that originates in the thyroid gland is known as thyroid cancer. This is not a very common type of cancer. Its treatment depends largely on the patient’s age, overall health and stage of cancer. It is usually treated with surgery to partially or completely remove the thyroid gland or radiation therapy. In cases of aggressive cancer, chemotherapy may also be used. In case the thyroid gland needs to be completely removed, the patient will need to take hormone replacement drugs. They will also need vitamin D and calcium supplements.
The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck. This gland is responsible for regulating metabolism by releasing thyroid hormones. The underproduction or overproduction of these hormones could affect every aspect of an individual’s health. One of the minerals affected by the functioning of the thyroid gland is calcium.
Calcium is a very important mineral for the human body. It not only builds a strong skeletal structure but also helps with muscle contractions, blood clotting and regulates enzyme levels. The thyroid gland and the parathyroid gland are directly responsible for calcium regulation in the body. This is done through the calcitonin hormone. This hormone is released by the thyroid gland. Calcitonin helps regulate the calcium levels in the blood and keeps it from accumulating in the bloodstream.
Because of the important role played by calcium in our bodies, calcium supplements are the easiest way to maintain the calcium levels in the body. However, for patients suffering from hypothyroidism, this may not be a good idea. Calcium supplements can interfere with thyroid medication such as levothyroxine. Instead, calcium can be sourced from the food being eaten.
Milk is not the only food group that provides calcium to the body. Some of the other foods that you could get calcium from include:
Irregular periods and menstrual cycle disturbances are common in almost 30% women due to several reasons, and thyroid disorders one among them. Most women may not realize that their menstrual cycle is closely related to the proper functioning of their thyroid gland. Any irregularities in your menstrual cycle might be caused due to hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism and knowing the symptoms will help you seek the help of an expert to treat the condition.
Severe premenstrual syndrome
Most women experience a premenstrual syndrome or PMS, a week or 10 days before their period starts. When the woman is suffering from thyroid disorders, this syndrome becomes severe. The common symptoms include bloating and fluid retention, tenderness in breasts, fatigues, insomnia, headaches, cramps, food cravings, tension, irritability, anxiety, depression, trouble in concentrating and many more. These symptoms are magnified when she is suffering from hypothyroidism.
Conditions that affect menstrual cycle
When there is an irregularity in menstruation for more than 6 months, it becomes important to consult your physician to know the cause behind it and follow the appropriate treatment procedure. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
The thyroid is a small gland that controls metabolism and growth. Silent thyroiditis is a common autoimmune disorder that affects the thyroid gland. It causes an inflammation of the thyroid gland and is characterized by mild symptoms of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. It is known as Silent thyroiditis because this condition is not painful in any way. Silent thyroiditis is also known as lymphocytic thyroiditis or subacute lymphocytic thyroiditis.The cause of this condition is unknown and hence it is not possible to prevent it. This is one of the least common disorders to affect the thyroid gland. However, middle aged women are at the highest risk of suffering from this condition. Other risk factors include a family history of thyroid disorders, certain autoimmune diseases, removal of the adrenal gland or treatment for cancer.
Some of the symptoms of silent thyroiditis are:
If you notice such symptoms, you must consult a doctor. To determine a silent thyroiditis diagnosis, a thorough physical examination and a few tests are required. The physical examination focuses on the size of the thyroid gland, heart rate and presence of tumors if any. A blood test will also be required to check thyroid hormone levels such as T3, T4 and TSH levels. Your doctor may also ask for an ultrasound of the thyroid gland and an imaging test to determine iodine radioactive uptake.
Silent thyroiditis has a good prognosis and patients usually recover within one year. The acute phase typically lasts only three months. Most patients do not require any form of treatment for this condition but regular checkups are advised to keep track of the disease. In rare cases, medical treatment may be required. For example, if the patient complains of increased heart palpitations or excessive sweating, beta blockers may be prescribed to lower the heart rate. The patient is advised to get plenty of rest and avoid any stressful situations.
In some cases, silent thyroiditis may lead to permanent hypothyroidism. In such cases, medication may be prescribed to normalize the thyroid hormone levels. In some cases, thyroid hormone replacement therapy may also be advised. Surgery and radioactive iodine treatment a not required to treat silent thyroiditis. However, even after the symptoms subside, a close follow up is required to check thyroid hormone levels. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!