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Thyroid Disorders: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland that is present at the back of your neck and any dysfunction with this gland is known as a thyroid disorder. There are many different problems that can occur with your thyroid, which is why there are so many different conditions and ailments to consider. Therefore, there are multiple treatments for thyroid disorders, depending on the condition you are suffering from. These treatments range in their effectiveness and the recuperation period.

Thyroid disorders can be treated in many different ways, depending on the problem your gland is causing. For infections and diseases, your doctor may prescribe a range of antibiotics to help clear them up. Sometimes, your thyroid may develop a cyst on it. Though this cyst may be benign, it may cause issues like excessive weight gain if you are not careful. The cyst can be removed through surgery in order to treat it.

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are also common ailments connected to the thyroid. Both can dramatically alter your weight and the hormone production in your body. They can be treated with a range of medications that ultimately control your thyroid.

Thyroid cancer is another problem that occurs in the thyroid. It is treated with the help of chemotherapy and radiation, and even surgery if required. The treatment depends on how far the thyroid has spread in your system.

How is the treatment done?

The first step to treating any problem is first diagnosing it. With thyroid disorders, a blood test can reveal the amount of TSH and TRH levels in the blood. These indicate how well your thyroid gland is functioning and the hormones that it is releasing. Furthermore, an ultrasound may be needed to rule out any growths, cancerous or benign ones on the thyroid gland. In case an ultrasound is inconclusive, an MRI might be needed to gain a better picture of the problem. Based on the results of the tests and the symptoms and signs your body is showing, your doctor will then diagnose the problem and administer the right course of treatment.

Antibiotics are the first line of treatment when it comes to any infections or diseases that might be present in your thyroid gland. In case you are suffering from any pain, creams and ointments, along with pain relievers may also be included in the treatment plan. If the ultrasounds show a growth in the thyroid, your doctor will order a biopsy to rule out cancer. If the growth is benign, it can be removed with a simple surgery or laparoscopically.

If you have a cancerous growth in the thyroid, depending on how far its grown, chemotherapy, radiation, or removing the growth through surgery will be the line of treatment.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you have begun to notice changes in your body or if your recent blood tests have shown abnormal levels of TSH or TRH, you should consult a medical professional and get treatment for any thyroid disorder you may be facing.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Sometimes, an underlying condition can mimic some of the tell-tale signs of thyroid disorders. If you have a health condition that could be causing symptoms, then treating your thyroid will not help.

Are there any side effects?

Thyroid disorders, as well as some of the treatments, can lead to drastic changes in your weight and energy levels. You may also notice changes in your body hair. Chemotherapy can lead to nausea, vomiting, weakness, fatigue, and drowsiness. It can also lead to the loss of hair.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

With thyroid disorders, monitoring and regulating your diet becomes extremely important. Your doctor will chart out the different food groups you should focus on consuming and the ones that you should stay away from.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery period depends on the problem you have. Most infections can be cleared within a few days. Cancer can take months or even years to go into remission and can come back at any time. Some disorders are lifelong ailments and need to be managed through diet and medications.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of chemotherapy can range from Rs. 57,000 – Rs. 60,000 per session.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Depending on the thyroid disorder that you have, the results can be permanent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are no alternatives or home remedies for thyroid disorders.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 57,000 - Rs. 60,000

Popular Health Tips

Hypothyroidism - 8 Things That Can Help You Manage!

Dr. Vikram Gidwani 94% (57 ratings)
General Physician, Chittorgarh
Hypothyroidism - 8 Things That Can Help You Manage!
If you are suffering from hypothyroidism, it is important for you to deal with the condition so that your daily life and activities do not get affected. Hypothyroidism occurs when your thyroid gland becomes under active and does not produces sufficient amount of hormones. This affects the metabolism rate of your body. Hypothyroidism has several symptoms which include fatigue, constipation, dry skin, muscle cramping, hoarse voice, depression, sudden gain of weight and brittle hair and fingernails. Here are some important tips which you should follow in order to deal with hypothyroidism and for its treatment: Go Gluten and A1 Casein free: Common allergies and food intolerance, which occur today are because of wheat and dairy products because of the hybridized proteins of A1 casein and gluten. These may lead to a leaky gut, as a result of which inflammation of the thyroid gland takes place. This affects the thyroid s functioning. You should avoid grain and gluten in your diet. Try to consume dairy products coming from A2 cow s milk. Avoid BPA: Bisphenol A or BPA is present in plastic bottles. These are capable of disrupting the endocrine system and also affect the thyroid gland. You should avoid drinking from plastic bottles and drink water from glass, stainless steel and plastic bottles which are BPA free. Check your iodine levels: In case your iodine levels are low, you should use an organic liquid supplement. Kelp is ideal for this purpose. Heavy metal detox: You need to detoxify your body and eliminate traces of harmful metals from your organs and cells. For this, you may use a combination of milk, turmeric, chlorella, cilantro and thistle, which are ideal for a metal detox. Increase your selenium intake: It is important for you to consume sufficient amounts of selenium in your everyday diet, but you should not consume them in excess. You should eat food items containing selenium in good amount such as salmon, sunflower seeds, Brazil nuts, mushrooms, onions and beef. Take adaptogen supplements: You should lower your cortisol levels and improve thyroid functioning by taking supplements such as tulsi and ashwaganda. Remove silver fillings: If you have amalgam fillings, you should consult a dentist and get the fillings removed. Lower your carbohydrate intake: You also need to reduce the amount of sugar and grains in your regular diet. Instead, take healthy fats. Consuming too much carbohydrates leads to increased estrogen, which affects thyroid negatively. Choose healthy fats like coconut oils, avocado, wild salmon, hemp seeds and flax seeds. These will help in balancing your hormone levels. Hypothyroidism usually occurs from common causes such as toxicity due to radiation and metal exposure, deficiency of iodine and selenium, food intolerance and hormonal imbalance due to stress and excess carbohydrates.
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Thyroid During Pregnancy - What Should You Do?

Master of Clinical Embryology, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Diplomat of Indian Board Gynaecology & Obstetrics
Gynaecologist, Nashik
Thyroid During Pregnancy - What Should You Do?
Nothing can be more gratifying than welcoming your bundle of joy into this world. Care needs to be taken during pregnancy to ensure that the developing foetus is healthy. Many pregnant women suffer from Thyroid problems. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) is an important hormone produced by the Pituitary gland. TSH regulates the production and action of the Thyroid Hormones (T3 and T4). Estrogen and Human Chorionic Gonadotropin also affects the production of the thyroid hormones. Abnormal level of thyroid hormones in the body can result in Hyperthyroidism (increased production of thyroid hormones) or Hypothyroidism (decreased production of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland). These conditions, if left untreated, can prove to be fatal for the mother and the baby. Hyperthyroidism is greatly affected by an autoimmune disease, the Graves disease. The Thyroid Stimulating Immunoglobulin (TSI), produced during Graves disease, interferes with the production of the thyroid hormones. The TSI mimics the TSH to a great extent. This triggers the thyroid gland to produce the thyroid hormones in excess. A woman with hyperthyroidism may complain of increased heart rate, fatigue and increased blood pressure. There may be heat intolerance, tremor, sudden weight loss and Hyperemesis Gravidarum. Untreated Hyperthyroidism can result in heart ailments, premature child birth, foetal Tachycardia, Preeclampsia (a pregnancy complication characterised by an abnormal rise in blood pressure) and miscarriage. In case of foetal and neonatal Hyperthyroidism, there is low birth weight, heart ailments, irritability and poor brain development. Blood tests, whereby the levels of T3, T4, TSH and TSI are examined, can help in the diagnosis of Hyperthyroidism. Women with Graves disease should be extra careful. Antithyroid drugs can provide great relief. Most antithyroid drugs successfully cross the placenta and effectively regulate the production of the foetal thyroid hormone. Propylthiouracil (PTU) and Methimazole are effective anti-thyroid drugs. Most doctors recommend Methimazole during the first trimester and PTU during the last two trimesters. In case of Hypothyroidism, Hashimoto disease is the main wrecker in chief. This autoimmune disease results in considerable decrease in the production of thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism can also be aggravated by Thyroidectomy (surgical removal of thyroid gland). Like hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism during pregnancy can result in serious health complications. There may be stillbirths, congestive heart failure, miscarriage, anaemia, poor brain development of the newborn and Preeclampsia. Symptoms like cold intolerance, muscle cramps, concentration problems, fatigue or constipation should not be taken lightly. Blood tests (T4 and TSH) go a long way to detect Hypothyroidism. A synthetic Thyroid hormone, Thyroxine, is effectively used to treat hypothyroidism. Including iodine supplements in your diet prove to be helpful in hyperthyroidism treatment. Thyroid problems, though serious, can be successfully treated. A little alertness during pregnancy can shield both the mother and the newborn from the harmful consequences.
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Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism - How Homeopathy Plays A Role In Treating Them?

Homeopath, Pune
Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism - How Homeopathy Plays A Role In Treating Them?
Thyroid is one of an essential endocrine gland which secretes hormones, which are essential for regulating various body functions. A change in the level of thyroid hormones can affect body metabolism and cause many changes including weight, mood, temperature regulation, etc. Features of Hypothyroidism: Caused by reduced amounts of thyroid hormone in circulation. Iodine deficiency and Hashimoto s thyroiditis (an autoimmune disorder) are the main causes of hypothyroidism. Symptoms include extreme fatigue, constipation, depression, intolerance to cold, puffiness of the face, weight gain, hoarseness of voice, increased cholesterol level, muscle aches, joint pains, and menstrual issues, are some of the common symptoms. Homeopathy provides remedies which treat not just the above symptoms but the person as a whole. Sepia Officinalis: Used when the patient presents with the following symptoms. Weak, slightly yellow appearance Tendency to faint, especially when in cold temperatures Extreme intolerance to cold, even in warm surroundings Increased irritability Hair loss Increased menstrual flow that occurs ahead of schedule Constipation Increased desire for pickles and acidic foodstuff Calcarea Carbonica: This popular medicine is useful when patients present with the following symptoms. Fat, flabby, fair person Increased intolerance to cold Excessive sweating, especially in the head Aversion to fatty foods Peculiar food habits including craving for eggs, chalk, pencils, lime, Increased menstruation that is also prolonged and is associated with feet turning cold Lycopodium Clavatum: Useful in patients who present with these symptoms: Physically weakened Increased irritability Excessive hair fall Face is pale yellow with blue circles around the eyes Craving for foods that are hot and sweet Acidity that is worse in the evenings Gastric issues including excessive flatulence Constipation with painful, hard, incomplete stooling Graphites: Presenting symptoms where Graphites are mainly used include: Obesity Intolerance to cold Depressed emotionally, timid, indecisive, weeping, listening to music Bloated, gassy abdomen Chronic constipation with hard, painful stooling process Lodium: Good appetite but lose weight quickly Tendency to eat at regular intervals Excessive warmth and need to stay in a cool environment Anxiety about present Excessive palpitations Lachesis Mutus: These patient present with the following symptoms: Feeling extremely hot, so inability to wear tight clothes Generally sad with no inclination to do any work Tendency to stay aloof and alone Excessive talkativeness Women around menopausal age These are commonly used remedies; however, a detailed discussion with your homoeopath is essential to zero in on the remedy that will work best for you.
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How Ayurveda Helps Manage Thyroid Problem?

Dr. Sandeep Madaan 87% (89 ratings)
MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Delhi
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Ayurveda offers a very different approach to understand the cause and treatment for thyroid and also emphasise on treating the whole person not just focusing on the specific part that has disease.
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Vitiligo And Thyroid: What You Need To Know?

Dr. Samir Gadhia 90% (495 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Rajkot
Vitiligo And Thyroid: What You Need To Know?
Vitiligo patients should get their thyroid profile done every two years.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am breast feeding, had baby on December, got my thyroid tested recently and my tsh is 5.41, is this level bad, do I need to take any medicine as I am breast feeding.

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 94% (12959 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
lybrate-user ji, Thanks for the query. TSH 5.41 mU/L, is just within normal limits. There is no need to take any medication. However, please tell me why was the test ordered? Do you have any symptoms suggesting there is a possibility of thyroid disease, particularly hypothyroidism? Some times you have to get Anti TPO Antibody test also done, to see if there is any increase in those, as that can affect thyroid gland. Thanks.
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Sir before 4 months my tsh was 0.13 I take thyronorm 75. Now my TSH is 27.21. Before that at every 4 months my tsh is up and down whenever up I take thyronorm 100 and for down thyronorm 75. Hypo thyroid was detected 4 years before. Please guide.

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 94% (12959 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. When one is on adequate dosage of Levothyroxine TSH is usually maintained around 3 to 4 mU/L. If dosage higher than required, TSH goes too low causing drug induced hyperthyroidism. If dosage is less the TSH will go high as is the case now. When dosage has to be adjusted, that should be done in small quantity like increase by 12.5 mcg, then check TSH after 6 weeks, if desired level is achived, continue the same dose. If not then increase by another 12.5 mcg. Do not reduce or increase in large doses. Thanks.

Hi, I am having thyroid problem. Gained weight around 10 kg. I am in the menopause stage. I exercise I walk 4 km and do yoga. Please give homeopath medicine.

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 94% (12959 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
lybrate-user ji, Thanks for the query. Madam if you have hypothyroidism, then TSH needs to be maintained around 3 to 4 mU/L, then only all the symptoms of that condition including weight gain are in control. For thyroid hormone deficiency only treatment is taking adequate dose of Levothyroxine. There is no other treatment any where. None of the other alternative therapies have any treatment. Now the choice is yours. Thanks.

I am 33 years female. I was diagnosed 6.5 tsh six months before I was on euthyroid 50 once a week. Now my tsh is 4.21. Doc gave me euthyro 50 everyday. Why did the doc gave me thyroid medicine everyday even my reports are normal.

Dr. Pramod Kumar Sharma 91% (2806 ratings)
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Your reports of TSH are normal because you are taking thyroid supplements. If you stop taking it your TSH will rise again. Follow advice of your doctor.

Recently I got thyroid profile check and it shows hyperthyroidism - TSH - 0.005 T3 - 2.84 T4 - 16.44 I was advised to take Carbimazole 20 mg in morning and propranolol 40 mg at night daily. I am 18 years old and I have normal blood pressure, do I still need to take propranolol 40 mg daily? Will only taking Carbimazole work?

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 94% (12959 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. In hyperthyroidism patiients usually have severe palpitation, to reduce that proplanolol is used. It is not for high blood pressure in this situation. Thanks.

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