Unintentional loss of excessive saliva from the mouth is called drooling. Drooling is common in infants especially in the months of 3 and 6. Drooling is not common in adults, some factors or illness can cause drooling. Parkinson's disease, cerebral palsy, acid reflux, neurological disorders and even pregnancy are causes of drooling in adults. In adults excessive drooling causes the saliva reaching the lungs and resulting in pneumonia.
Drooling cause's perioral skin to breakdown and sometimes to become infected or soiled. When children experience drooling during school years it may damage the educational or communication devices. Drooling can severely affect the social activities of family members of patients with Parkinson's disease and cerebral palsy.
Treatment or medication is not required for toddlers experiencing excessive saliva excretion or anyone who experiences drooling during sleep. If symptoms of drooling in adults is heightened and interferes with normal day to day activities then the person needs to visit a general physician immediately.
Many doctors have several management plans for drooling and often recommend therapy for drooling. Therapy is carried out by speech and occupational therapists. Therapists teach saliva control and muscle tone. Some patients are also recommended a change in diet to enable them to reduce drooling due to acidity.