Erectile dysfunction is referred to as the inability of getting or achieving an erection that is firm enough to help you have a sexual intercourse. It is also referred to as impotence. Occasional erectile dysfunction is quite common and one may experience it at times of stress though frequent ED can be a sign of a serious health issue that requires clinical evaluation.read more
I am Dr. Anirban Biswas, Endocrinologist. Today I will talk about perfect height and weight. These ar the common questions. Height badhane ke 2 hi option hain. First is genetic and 2nd is growth hormone. Inme nutrition ka bhi important role hota hai. Iske lia aap Dr ko dikha skte hain and check krva skte hain ki apki growth hormone kaisi hai. Growth hormone ke supplements aate hain jo hum apko de skte hain. Balanced diet lena bhut jruri hai. Kuch patients ka question hota hai ki weight kaise reduce kren. Obesity se kafi complications hote hain.
Like diabetes, blood pressure, stroke, cholesterol, breathing problem, snoring, cancer, arthritis. BMI se hum check krte hain ki apka obesity kitna hai. Hume apna BMI 25 se niche rkhna hai. 25-30 is overweight and above 30 is obesity. Apko diet me calories ko reduce krna hai. 2nd way haia ki aap calorie ko spend kren and iske lia hum apko walk ka suggestion dete hain. Swimming kren and weight lift, stretching exercises kren. Medicines bhi apko help krti hain. 7% weight loss krne se apki diabetes ki medicines adhi ho skti hain. Apka blood pressure 5 units se kam ho skta hai. heart attack ke chances bhi kam ho jate hain. Knee pain me bhi apko kafi help ho jati hai. Islai weight loss sabse important hai and apko agar or koi information chaiye to aap mujhse contact kr skte hain Lybrate ke through.
Thank You.read more
Individuals from all age groups have been affected by obesity and diabetes. Anxiety and depression are also on the rise. Other lifestyle disorders like Alzheimer's disease, Stroke, Arteriosclerosis, Hypertension, Hypothyroidism, Cancer (mostly skin and lung), Cardiac problems, Renal failure, Chronic Liver problems, cannot be neglected either.read more
Hello! Good Morning!
I am Dr. Anirban Biswas. I am an endocrinologist practicing in South Delhi. Today I am going to answer a few questions asked by my patients regarding new treatment modalities in diabetes and a few questions on insulin.
Q1. Mrs. Anshu Garg: Whether a person who is on insulin can be shifted to oral medicines?
Answer: My answer is “Yes. Why not?” We can always shift a patient from insulin to oral medicines if there are certain conditions which are fulfilled. We need to perform a few tests and based on that we can find out whether the pancreas are still active. I personally have shifted around more than 1000 patients who were on insulin to non-insulin based regimens or they have substantially lowered their insulin requirement and I have detailed all this in my website www.insulin.com. So, it is possible that there are newer drugs which can make it possible.
Q2. Mr. Atul Thakur: What are the newer medicines that can be used?
Answer: There are two classes of new medicines which have arrived. First are the gliptins which are based on the ingredient pathway and they act not necessarily on the pancreas. They act through the intestinal pathway of controlling sugar. Now let me explain you how this is possible. We all know that there is a test done in which we feed a patient 75 grams of glucose. This test is known as the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) and when scientists were replicating the OGTT through intravenous glucose, they were surprised to find out that only 25 grams of glucose is sufficient to replicate the graph of 75 grams of glucose in OGTT.
So, where does this 50 grams of glucose go, which was fed orally? Scientists asked this because both the graphs were similar. So the answer lies in ingredient pathway. So ingredient pathway was responsible for taking care of the 50 grams of extra glucose which had been fed orally. So, in this way we came to know about the ingredient pathway.
The other treatment modality which has arrived is the SGIT tool, the receptor inhibitor pathway which acts through the kidneys. It decreases the retention of glucose through the kidneys and increases the excretion of glucose through the kidneys and this results in fall in the sugar level in the patient’s body. It also causes some increment in the blood pressure and the cholesterol level also. So, these are the two essential newer modalities which have arrived.
Q3. Ravi Bhatnagar: What is CGMS?
Answer: CGMS is Continuous Glucose Monitoring Device. This has been found to be useful in not control of the sugar level like the fasting, BP and the HbA1c levels. Other than that, it has been found to improve the glycemic variability, i.e., the day-to-day variations of the sugar levels can be very easily found out, and this device is available and has been manufactured by Abbott. This is a very good sensor device which can be pain free and can be used in all the patients and I have used in my patients and have got excellent results.
With this I come to the end of today’s Questions & Answers and hope to see you soon.read more
Most of my patients send me their reports and tell and that they have a fasting sugar of 128 and a PP sugar of 142, whether they are diabetic or not. So, by listening today's topic, you will be able to know whether you are a diabetic or not. Let me tell you first that diabetes is a deadly disease and as you all know that India is a diabetic capital of the whole world. Every 7th second, one person dies due to diabetes in this world. And it is a huge burden on us. And most of the diabetic care and treatment is born by the patients in India. On an average Rs, 10,000 per year is the annual cost of the treatment without any complication. So, it is a huge amount, hence, we need to find out whether we have diabetes or not.
So, the first thing is that whether you have diabetes or not. So, the first question is that if anybody can have diabetes? So the answer to this question is that, yes anyone can suffer from Diabetes. There are some symptoms of Diabetes, those are;
- Weight loss
- Excessive urination
But often, diabetes is silent. It has been found out by various researchers that half of the population does not know that they are diabetic patients. Not only in India but also in the US. It is very important to find out that who are diabetic. It is a very simple way to find out whether you are diabetic, pre diabetic or have normal sugar level.
The value what I am going to tell you that how you get to know that you are diabetic.
- First thing is the fasting blood glucose. This can be done in any lab. So, you can go in the morning without taking any meal. One thing you need to remember that if your fasting blood glucose is less than 100 then it is normal. If your fasting blood glucose is between 100-126 mg then you are prediabetic. And if the fasting blood sugar is more than 126 then it means that you are a diabetic patient.
- The second way to know whether you are diabetic or not is the HBA1C. It is also known as Glycosylated Haemoglobin. Again it is a routine test which is done in all the labs. If the value of HBA1C is below 5.7 then you are non-diabetic, if the HBA1C level is between 5.7- 6.5 then you are prediabetic. And if the HBA1C level is above 6.5 then you are a diabetic patient.
- The other test is OSTT, which is done at a certain level when there is some amount of doubt. The Oral GTT test is by means 75 g of glucose is fed to you and the sugar is checked after 2 hours. So, after 2 hours of feeding the glucose, if the sugar level is less than 140 then you are normal. If the sugar level is between 140-200, then you are prediabetic, and if the value is more than 200 then you are diabetic.
Which individual should get screened for diabetic and pre diabetic?
Any individual above the age of 40 years. And from your weight and height, anybody can calculate the BMI ( Body Mass Index). If the BMI is more than 23 then you should go for screening even if your age is not 40+. If you have symptoms of Diabetes, or if any blood relative is having diabetes or is pre-diabetic should go for a checkup.
And last but not the least, who has a history of GDM i.e, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus which is very common in females throughout the whole world, after the pregnancy they should regularly get screened for diabetes. So these are the people who should get screened for Diabetes. And by getting a screen from Diabetes we can save ourselves from the complications of Diabetes.
Diabetes can cause so many complications, especially the cardiac and heart-related complications. You can have a stroke, heart attack, neuropathy, kidney failure, also you can have blindness or retinopathy, amputations i.e, your arm or leg can be cut because of diabetes.
So friends may be with this I can conclude that you have learnt something from my talk. And please remember that you should get yourself screen with diabetes. Next I will talk about the type of Diabetes.
If you want to consult me or have any query, You can contact me through Lybrate.read more
Here are some facts & Myths about Diabetes
Hello. Good Afternoon. I am Dr. Anirban Biswas. I am a diabetologist. I am practicing at Fortis Hospital. I want to discuss with you a few facts about Diabetes.
As you all know friends that diabetes is a leading cause of mobility in India. There are, basically, two types of diabetes; one is Type 1 Diabetes which is insulin dependent and usually occurs in small kids and children. The other one is Type 2 Diabetes which is mainly in adults and can be treated without the need of insulin. Now, first of all, we should focus what are the symptoms of diabetes. The symptoms of diabetes are weakness, lethargic, and you are not able to do your daily activity and second is that you are feeling irritable and disturbance in sleep, excessive thirst and hunger and frequent visits to the loo as you are not doing it earlier. You are having frequent breakages in you are sleep and you have to go to the toilet even at night time.
You may have non-healing ulcer, or skin infections which are not healing, you can also have other disturbances like visual disturbances and urinary infection or chest infection which is taking enough time to heal. All these symptoms can lead to diagnosis of diabetes and sudden loss of weight is also seen in few adults. So if you have diabetes, the best test to do is fasting and PP Sugar. Fasting sugar could be less than 110 and the PP sugar which is done after two hours of having your breakfast should be less than 140. If one of them is high then it is known as pre-diabetes then it is followed by a HbA1c test. HbA1c test is a glycosylated hemoglobin which tells us about the average blood sugar which is present in our body in the last three months. It should be less than 6 in case of a normal individual.
If it is more than that then you are either a pre-diabetic or diabetic. so, now coming to the treatment and modification part; the first thing that doctors advise is that insulin resistance is there so to break the insulin we have lose weight and for that we have to do regular exercise and control in our diet. The diet should be such that it should include all the course grain, milk, fruits, vegetables, sprouts and less of carbs, maida, processed food, fatty, oily should be avoided. The other focus should be on exercises as we all know that a 30 minute exercise and even 10000 steps everyday can reduce our insulin resistant drastically. If we can do all these things and it reduces our sugar then it is very well otherwise we have to take medicines and for that you have to visit any doctor.
The complications of diabetes basically it is known as diabetic triopathy. Diabetes is basically a vascular disease and has microvascular defects which causes disease in the retina, small vessels of the heart and brain and kidneys are involved and because this the patients weasel equity can go low and that is known as diabetic retinopathy. It is usually diagnosed by frequent eye checkups and the second disease which is known as chronic renal failure, for this also you have to go for the KFT test or even a better test is there which is known as microalbumin creatinine ratio and the third is diabetic neuropathy which is which causes pain and tinian sensation in the nerves. For this we have to take some medicines and vitamin B12 supplements along with diabetic supplements.
Thank you. If you have any query or you need to consut me then you can contact me through Lybrate. Thanks a lot.
Today I am going to discuss with you about thyroid disease as you know thyroid disease is very common these days and most of the patients when they check their TSH is high, doctors suddenly declare that they have hypothyroidism. Now basically you have to understand what is thyroid disease? Thyroid is a disease which is a cause of a poor functioning of thyroid glands. It is a butterfly shaped organ which is located in our throat, basic function of a thyroid gland is to produce thyroid hormone and when thyroid hormone is deficient it is known as hypothyroidism. Basically the T4 and T3 are the active thyroid hormones.
TSH is a thyroid stimulating hormones which is not secreted by the thyroid gland but it is secreted by the pituitary gland. In response to the lesser secretion of thyroid, it is a feedback mechanism which is developed in our body. So whenever a patient has hypothyroidism, T3 and T4 levels are low or normal. TSH is high and it is compensating for the lack of the thyroid hormones. So this stage is known as sub-clinical hypothyroidism. And the symptoms of sub-clinical hypothyroidism is that patients may have sudden weight gain, patient may feel weak, lethargic, dryness of skin, patients may have other difficulty in managing their memory, routine activities, issues with their sexual and hormonal problems as well, heat and cold intolerance may also be there. So all these things are very common with thyroid patients, most of the patients come with the problem of weight and usually thyroid patients improve after substituting the thyroid hormone which is in the form of tablets.
Now a days, once a weekly tablets are also available for thyroid. Many of the doctors and patients don’t know but I have started once weekly which has a very good response and better come plans and I recommend the patients to take once weekly. Management of thyroid is easy but dose has to be titrated with frequent checkup of the thyroid function. And I am organizing thyroid checkup camps in my clinic on regular basis. The other problem of thyroid is hyperthyroidism which is the reverse of the hypothyroidism and in this, thyroid gland secretes the excessive thyroid hormone which causes the reverse action like weight loss, increases basal metabolism rate, eyes may start to protrude. These are the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. For this also, treatment is available.
Other things we should be careful about is that if we are having thyroid problem then we should avoid having too much of soya product and few vegetables like cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli and we should take our medicine regularly.
If you have any queries regarding thyroid, you can please contact me through Lybrate.
Doctor in Biswas Heart & Mind Clinic
Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction
Treatment Of Male Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Thyroid Problems Treatment
Thyroid Disorder Treatment
Diabetic Diet Counseling
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
Adult Diabetes Treatment
Type 1 Diabetes Treatment
Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
Management of High-Risk Pregnancy
Treatment Of Foot Infection
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Patient Review Highlights
I was having therdiabetes, but the symptoms were not very visible. Anirban Biswas guidance has helped me immensely and has helped gain confidence. Hygiene is very important, and I must Irene Hospital was extremely clean. As someone I knew, consulted therAnirban Biswas and they referred us. Not only he is very calm and composed, but is also a very understanding doctor. I was suffering from diabetes for such a long time. In order to diagnose my problem completely he asked me a number of questions.
the problem with my low sugar initially, was not that severe but then it became worse. All the staff members were very helpful. Over the period of time the low sugar treatment has helped me a lot. The Irene Hospital is decorated very nicely and doesn't look like a hospital. Never once that I felt that Dr Biswas is getting impatient, rather he has always responded to my each and every doubt with immense patience.
I was very depressed as I was suffering from hypothyroid. I was in too much pain because of this problem, but even after consulting a number of doctors, I was not getting any relief. I consulted Dr Anirban who is a knowledgeable Endocrinilogist. On the very first day he identified my problem. Thanks to him I am much better now. The lab in the Irene Hospital was very clean and well managed.
Never thought I will suffer from something like thyroid disorders. I had lost hope, but the thyroid disorders treatment given by Dr Anirban has helped me regain my confidence. I owe him a big thanks for making me fine again. He doesn't just randomly prescribes medicines, but first properly diagnoses the problem. The facilities available in the Irene Hospital are very nice.
My sugar problem was increasing day by day despite of taking many precautions. I consulted Dr Anirban and I am almost my normal self post the treatment. In the past i consulted so many doctors, but nobody was able to help me with my sugar, but he has helped me immensely. He is well aware about innovative techniques to treat problems.
. I was in so much pain due to my muscle cramps. I consulted Dr Anirban. Thanks to him I am much better now. He handled my case with ease and I am perfectly fine now. He is very professional and is a really patient listener. The entire Irene Hospital is very nicely designed.
I was feeling very lethargic and my weight was increasing . I was very depressed due to my condition. I consulted Dr Anirban, he told me that I am suffering from Underactive Thyroid. His treatment suited me the best. I owe him a big thank for the treatment.
dr Anirban Biswas gave me Adult Diabetes Treatment r. he has in depth knowledge and ensures that he explains the problem in detail.he definitely is aware about the latest and advanced ways to treat serious cases. His clinic is at Irene Hospital in kalkaji
Eqbal Jawed Khan
An Excellent Doctor with great capability of understanding of medical problem. He empathises with you while listening and gives the best solution giving best prescription and treatment with every option available.
I found the answers provided by the Dr. Anirban Biswas to be professional, practical, knowledgeable, very helpful and caring. Thankyou for your valuable response sir
Dr Anirban Biswas is the best doctor for diabetes. controlled my fathers sugar without insulin and brought his creatinine down from 1.8 to 1.3 within 4 months
Mohd Kamran Siddiqui
A very good treatment as well as he is a very good human being too and he has opened a very good clinic with good number of patients. God bless you sir
Dr Anirban Biswas is seasoned Physicians, very patient friendly, simple and dedicated for patients care. Good dr for cardio and diabeties patients.
Very good doctor .I was recommended by one of my friends. After only a single visit ,my blood sugar levels are controlled. Definitely recommend
I found the answers provided by the Dr. Anirban Biswas to be knowledgeable, sensible and caring. Sir kindly elaborate CBT little more,Thanks
Dr. Anirban Biswas provides answers that are very helpful, knowledgeable, professional and well-reasoned. Thanks for the quick reply!
Dr. Anirban Biswas provides answers that are sensible, professional and very helpful. Thank you Doc for your motivational advice..
I found the answers provided by the Dr. Anirban Biswas to be very helpful, knowledgeable and professional.
Very well experienced and thorough medic with insight to Daibetes and related ailments.
Very good doctor. 5/5 Recommended for Diabetes.
Diabulimia is an eating disorder often associated with Type-1 Diabetes. Also referred to as ED-DMT1, not many people are aware of this non-clinical term. It is a well known fact that many people with Type-1 diabetes require the daily administration of insulin. In the case of Diabulimia, a person having Type-1 diabetes purposely manipulates with the insulin dosage in an endeavour to lose weight. In some extreme cases, a person may completely avoid the use of insulin.
You need no rocket science to understand the impact diabulimia will have on a diabetic patient (Type-1) who is entirely dependent on insulin. Some of the lethal consequences of diabulimia include
- Yeast infections: Manipulating with the appropriate dosage of insulin can trigger an abnormal rise in the blood glucose level (Hyperglycemia), some of which gets eliminated out through the urine, thereby enabling a person to lose weight. However, the high glucose level is just the ideal and favorable condition for yeast growth. The hyperglycemic condition will result in increased yeast infections. The infection can be very uncomfortable and annoying. In fact, there will be repeated yeast infections until the blood glucose level comes down to the normal range.
- Ketoacidosis: As already mentioned, diabulimia devoids the body of insulin. As a result, glucose is unable to enter the body cells (glucose is an important fuel for the muscles and the other cells and tissues of the body). In its absence, the body starts looking for alternate sources. Gradually the body starts breaking down fats to get the desired energy. Increased breakdown of fats results in accumulation of ketone bodies in the bloodstream, a condition medically termed as Ketoacidosis or Diabetic Ketoacidosis. The condition if left untreated can be harmful triggering Cerebral Edema (a condition characterized by a swelling of the brain), Hypokalemia (low potassium level) or even Hypoglycemia.
- Diabetic retinopathy: Hyperglycemia can spell doom for your eyes. The accumulation and buildup of high levels of glucose in the eyes often damage the retinal blood vessels, a condition known as Diabetic Retinopathy. There may not be any early signs associated with the condition. However, diabetic retinopathy can give rise to many serious complications such as Glaucoma(characterized by severe damage to the optic nerve), Vitreous Hemorrhage (the blood leaks into the areas adjacent to the vitreous humor of the eye), or even Blindness. There may also be a Retinal Detachment.
- Renal failure: One of the common and harmful consequences of diabulimia is the kidney failure. Increased concentration of glucose in the kidneys often damages the filtration units of the kidneys called the Glomeruli (increased glucose blocks the capillaries of the kidney) leading to kidney damage and failure.
I am suffering from hyperglycemia. After taking glador 1 for about 3 months my ppbs level is 90 mg/dl. Can I stop this medicine intake now?৬
I am 79 years old, vegetarian, thyroid problem under control (75 mg thyronorm tab .daily morning empty stomach), chronic GERD (taking omeprazole 20 mg. Empty stomach daily ), prostrate problem (taking silodosin 8 mg and soliten -10 ), calcium -500 daily, multivitamins /antioxidants /, revital. Taking folic acid 5 mg daily, profound loss of hearing, thalassemia minor, taking good nourishing diet (including milk, curd, green vegetables, fruits,nuts (dry fruits, eggs etc) and suffering from acute lack of stamina and weakness. Appetite normal bowls -no problem. B.p. -good, sugar level normal, please advise.
My sexual drive is reduced drastically after my intake of diabetic and high bp medication - I take glycomet trio forte 2 twice earlier and tel plus in the morning and metolar xr 50 at night with ecosprin + atorlip f. Please advise as I have reduced my intake of metolar xr 50 and glycomet trio forte 2 since couple of months to reduce my intake.
Erectile dysfunction is referred to as the inability of getting or achieving an erection that is firm enough to help you have a sexual intercourse. It is also referred to as impotence. Occasional erectile dysfunction is quite common and one may experience it at times of stress though frequent ED can be a sign of a serious health issue that requires clinical evaluation.
My wife is a sugar patient for the past 15 years, 25 days back her sugar level has gone to fb-243, pb-370, now she is taking one sulicent 100 mg before breakfast after breakfast she takes one diamicron. In the afternoon she takes jalra m before lunch, then in the night she takes one jalra m before dinner and one diamicron after dinner. Now it has come to 160/290 sugar level after one week, shall l ask her to continue. Tell me your suggestion.
Do you have an extremely low reading of thyroxine or T4, it means that you are suffering from an under active thyroid disease called hypothyroidism. With this condition, your thyroid glands fail to make sufficient thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland releases hormones, which travel all over your bloodstream and affect all parts of the body.
Thyroid controls how the cells of the body use energy from food via the metabolism process, which in turn affects the body’s temperature, heartbeat and burning of calories. Lack of thyroid hormones slows down the body’s functions, reduces your energy and the metabolism is disrupted.
Causes of hypothyroidism
The primary cause of this condition is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Thyroiditis refers to an inflammation of your thyroid gland. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder in which extra antibodies are produced which destroy the thyroid gland. Viral infections may also lead to thyroiditis.
Other causes of the condition are as follows:
- Radiation therapy to the neck region for the treatment of several cancers like lymphoma may damage the cells present in the thyroid gland. Hence, the gland cannot secrete hormones properly.
- Radioactive iodine treatment is undertaken by people having an overactive thyroid gland. Radiation destroys the thyroid gland cells and leads to hypothyroidism.
- Certain medicines used to treat heart problems, cancer and psychiatric diseases may affect the thyroid gland and lead to hypothyroidism.
- Surgeries undertaken for removing the thyroid also lead to hypothyroidism.
- Iodine is required by the thyroid gland to produce hormones. A low amount of iodine in your diet and body may lead to hypothyroidism.
Risks factors of hypothyroidism
Usually women, especially older women are more likely to get hypothyroidism than men. The factors which determine if you are at a risk of acquiring the condition are as follows:
- Premature graying of hair
- Autoimmune disorders like type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, vitiligo, celiac disease, Addison’s disease and many more.
- Bipolar disorder
- Turner’s syndrome
- Down’s syndrome
The symptoms of hypothyroidism are as follows:
- Changes in menstrual cycle
- Hair loss and dry hair
- Fatigue and tiredness
- A slow heart rate
- An increased sensitivity towards cold
- Swelling of the thyroid gland or goiter
- Gaining weight unusually or great difficulty in losing weight
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
If you observe the symptoms of hypothyroidism, you should consult a doctor who will prescribe several blood tests, such as the thyroid stimulating hormone test and the T4 or thyroxine test. Based on the results, a treatment method is adopted.
Thyroid is a small gland situated in front of the neck and secretes hormones like thyroxine (T4) and tri-iodothyronine (T3). These hormones control various functions of our body like heart, blood pressure, digestion, metabolism, growth, blood formation, brain function etc. Any fluctuation in the functioning of the thyroid gland can have a great impact on health. The thyroid gland is primarily responsible for energy and metabolism. This gland triggers the genes that make all the cells in the body conduct their specific jobs. But over a period of time, the optimum functioning of the thyroid may reduce because of specific reasons. The gland may start to under-produce or overproduce the thyroid hormone, which may lead to conditions known as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, respectively.
- Patients with hypothyroidism may feel extreme tiredness and fatigue even though they may be sleeping more than before. An unexplained gain in weight, constipation, inability to stand cold temperatures, and constant pain in muscles and joints are some of the other symptoms of hypothyroidism.
- Hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid, is an endocrine disorder. Patients with this disorder may experience excessive sweating, fatigue, and intolerance to heat. They may even experience restlessness, puffy or protruded eyes, hair loss, and muscle weakness. Such patients may lose weight and are unable to sleep properly at night. In some cases, palpitations or abnormal heart rhythm may also be experienced.
Complications of Thyroid Disorder
Hypothyroid and hyperthyroid can cause a number of complications if patients don’t take medications. It is important for you to not to ignore any of the aforementioned symptoms and speak to your doctor as soon as possible.
- Myxedema: This condition is characterized by slowed thinking, swelling of tissues, and accumulation of fluid around major organs like brain, lungs and/or heart. This condition may prove life-threatening if not treated on time.
- Enlarged goiter: This is characterized by enlargement of the thyroid gland because of a constant increase in the TSH levels. High cholesterol and triglycerides: This may eventually pave way for heart disease and stroke.
- Sleep apnea: Sleep apnea is a disorder that affects nighttime breathing where the brain that temporarily stops sending signals to the muscles that control breathing, or by an obstruction in the airway. This may prove fatal if left untreated.
- Low blood pressure: This means not enough blood is getting to capillaries and tissues, particularly in your hands, feet, and brain. You may have chronic nail fungal infections and cold hands and feet if so.
- Heart disorders (cardiac arrest): If left untreated, excess thyroid hormones can lead to congestive heart failure and heart rhythm disorders.
- Osteoporosis: Too much thyroid hormones interfere with the body’s ability to use calcium to build bone. This may lead to brittle bones and osteoporosis.
- Thyrotoxic crisis: This is a rare yet life-threatening complication characterized by high fever, vomiting, irregular heartbeat, and agitation.
- Hypertension or high blood pressure: It is a condition in which a patient has high blood force striking the walls of the artery An early diagnosis can help make the treatment of this disorder easier.
Depending on the condition of the thyroid condition, it requires different ways to manage it. The conventional TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) and T-4 (thyroxine) blood tests will be advised and the results should provide a reasonable confirmation of the condition. If doubts still persist an ultrasound or scan can also be ordered. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
The thyroid gland influences almost all the metabolic processes in the human body through the hormones it releases. The swelling or inflammation of this butterfly-shaped gland, when triggered by an immune response is known as Silent Thyroiditis. It can lead to hyperthyroidism i.e. the overproduction of hormones followed by hypothyroidism or insufficient hormone production.
The exact cause of this thyroid disorder is unknown but it is known to affect more women than men. Women who have just delivered a baby are also more vulnerable to this disorder. Some of the probable causes for this condition are autoimmune responses, discontinuation of steroid therapy, removal of the adrenal gland and treatment for cancer. A family history of silent thyroiditis can also increase a person’s risk of suffering from this disease.
In its early stages, the symptoms of this disorder are those of a hyperactive thyroid gland. These symptoms can last for as long as 3 months. In most cases, these symptoms are mild. In some cases, people may not experience these symptoms at all and may only notice symptoms of the second stage of this disorder or hypothyroidism. The most commonly experienced symptoms of this disorder include:
Insomnia or difficulty falling asleep
Tiredness and weakness
Frequent bowel movements
Intolerance towards heat and excessive sweating
Irregular menstruation: this may be short in the early stages and heavy in later stages
Nervousness and palpitations
Silent Thyroiditis can be diagnosed by a doctor through a physical examination and a few tests. Some of the signs your doctor will look out for are:
An enlarged thyroid gland
Faster heart rate
Involuntary trembling or shaking of hands
In addition to this test results which indicate Silent Thyroiditis are:
A reduced radioactive iodine uptake
Increased levels of T3 and T4 thyroid hormones in the blood
Presence of white blood cells in a thyroid biopsy
An early diagnosis can help make the treatment of this disorder easier. The treatment of this disease is dependent on the symptoms showcased. Beta blockers are commonly prescribed to relieve the excessive sweating and rapid heartbeat.
In most cases, the acute phase of this disorder will end in three months and the condition will resolve itself within a year. Over time, some people may develop hypothyroidism as a result of this condition. Hence, you should get yourself regularly checked up even after the symptoms have disappeared.
Thyroid disorders are associated with the thyroid gland. A thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland situated right at the base of one’s neck. The role of the thyroid gland is to carry out numerous metabolic processes within the body. The brain regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland through a feedback mechanism. There are a number of disorders, both severe and trivial, which could affect the thyroid gland.
Main symptoms of thyroid disorders:
Weight loss and weight gain
Changes in heart rate (arrhythmia)
Frequent mood swings
Sudden bouts of moderate to high fever
Other symptoms include:
Abnormalities or irregularities in menstruation
Brittle nails and dry skin
Weakened muscle tone and frequent tremors in the body
Intake of thyroid hormone pills may prove beneficial. Once you start with the treatment, you may notice significant improvement within the first two or three weeks. Generally, once affected by thyroid disorders, one might have to be on these medications his/her entire life. Over time, this treatment procedure should result in lowering of the cholesterol levels, increased energy; but in certain cases, might throw up side effects in the form of sudden and unexplained weight loss.
Anti-thyroid medications help reduce and regulate the secretion of the thyroid hormone, thus treating certain thyroid disorders (such as hyperthyroidism).
In severe cases, such as enlargement of the thyroid gland, surgery is advised by the doctor, in which the thyroid gland is removed. Tumors or thyroid nodules are also treated by this surgical process.
In cases of thyroid cancer, besides the surgical procedure, radioactive iodine therapy (radioiodine) is recommended. This therapy helps destroy the thyroid gland and other thyroid (malignant) cells which may be taking up iodine. However, the side effects of this technique are minimal. This procedure helps to destroy those tissues which may not have been removed by the surgery. If the thyroid cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or to other parts within the body, this particular mode of treatment can be very effective.
Types of Thyroid Disorders:
Hypothyroidism: This is a condition characterized by an underactive thyroid gland. In this case, sufficient thyroid hormone is not secreted in the body.
Hyperthyroidism: This is characterized by an overactive thyroid gland, that results in overproduction of the thyroid hormone.
Thyroid cancer: It is a type of cancer of the thyroid gland.
Goiter: This is a disorder wherein the thyroid gland gets abnormally enlarged.
Thyroid nodules: This is marked by swelling of the thyroid gland.