Your liver is a significant organ that is essential for digesting the foods and getting rid of the toxic products from your body. The liver is also one of the strongest organs in the human body and is not easily susceptible to damages. However, there are factors –both internal and external that can cause considerable damages to the liver. The liver disease can be inherited by genetic nature, or they can be due to factors such as viruses, your lifestyle, drug and alcohol abuse and obesity. If these conditions are left unchecked, they result in the scarring of the liver known as cirrhosis. The symptoms can lead to liver failure on the whole and can often be life threatening. Many symptoms are associated with a liver condition. The common symptoms can include your skin and eyes appearing yellowish and abdominal swelling. You might also be experiencing an itchy skin symptom and dark urine color. Nausea, fatigue and general feeling weakness are the other common symptoms. Make sure that you consult your doctor if you notice these conditions. Also, do not ignore the abdominal pain and do not wait for it to become severe. Seek medical help immediately.
Many causes can affect your liver, and the treatment will be based on the type of ailment you have. The most common types of liver infections can be through hepatitis virus including Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C. There are medications available for treating these symptoms and once again your doctor will let you know on the effective treatment plan. In some cases, you might have to undergo these medications for a longer period to avoid the spread of the viruses. Sometimes genetics too can play the reason for liver complications. Also, ensure that when you are diagnosed, a biopsy of your liver is also undertaken to rule out a cancerous growth. If your liver disorder reason is found to be your lifestyle, then simply curbing them can lead to an effective change. You have to avoid alcohol and drug abuse at all cost and refrains from certain foods that cause obesity. Unprotected sex is also one of the major risk factors. Hence make sure that you are always safe in activities. Do ensure that you follow the treatment plan religiously. Liver complications can ultimately lead to liver failure if not treated properly. Under those circumstances, a liver transplant can be the only option available and even that might not be suitable for every individual.
Any individual who is affected by liver infections or who has the symptoms of a liver disease can undergo the procedures. It will be advisable if you can consult with your doctor immediately once you know the symptoms. The actual treatment may depend on the type of infection your liver has and the sooner you take action, the better.
Anyone can qualify for the treatment and irrespective of the medical condition you have, you must have the treatment for the liver problems. There can be some medications that may not work with you and your body type. Hence get a detailed consultation with your physician about your medical history and your allergic symptoms.
It depends on the type of treatment you are undergoing. Some of the treatments can include just changes to your lifestyle and your dietary patterns, whereas others can include drugs and medications and surgeries. In the case of hepatitis condition, the drugs used are very strong in nature and can cause serious side effects. Discuss these symptoms with your doctor in detail, and they can guide you accordingly.
Liver disorders are a serious condition, and after the successful treatment, you have to ensure that the liver does not get affected in any way. Your doctor will lay out a detailed chart about your lifestyle and the dietary pattern that you should follow. You must avoid drinking, smoking and drug abuse. Obesity can also affect the liver. Hence you may be needed to undergo a strict weight loss regime.
Recovery period depends on the type of ailment you have and the treatment given to you. If your condition is minor, some lifestyle changes are needed. However, in cases of serious complications, you might have to take a complete course for the recovery to happen. For example, if you are diagnosed with Hepatitis condition you might have to take the drugs and medications for a longer period. Also, the drugs work differently for every person. Hence it depends on how robust your liver gets, after the treatment.
Though the treatments have a high success rate, the cost of the treatments can be very expensive. The medications for hepatitis viral strains can go up to INR 2, 00,000 (Higher in the case of Hepatitis C virus). The treatment cost can also depend on the type medical center you are undergoing the treatment and the period of time you have to take the medications.
The results of the treatment are not permanent and can depend on how much your liver is damaged initially. Also, there are various factors involved that determine the permanency of the treatment. You have to change your lifestyle and your dietary habits for the treatments to be permanent. Taking care of your liver by curbing on alcohol and drug abuse can also go a long way for the treatments to be a success.
There are no valid alternative treatments available to treat your liver. There can be some herbal remedies that can work up to an extent, but there is no proof either in these. Your damage to the liver can be irreplaceable in most cases. Hence it is always better to be safe and treat your condition with care in the first place.
After any kind of organ transplant, most of the patients recover very fast and are able to get back to their normal life. But this does not mean that there will not be any further complications. Yes, when a new organ enters into the human body, the immune system may not accept it and starts attacking. It is important for a doctor to diagnose this at an early stage and treat it. Different organ transplants have different symptoms.
What is a rejection after a liver transplant?
When a foreign body enters into your body, then your body will react to the foreign body treating it as an enemy. Now, when your failed liver is replaced by a new liver, the body will see it as some threat and will reject it. This is called rejection. The immune system of your body will start producing antibodies, which will help in killing the new liver. Your body will not be able to realize that the new liver is beneficial for it.
In order to avoid rejection and for successful organ functioning, you need to take certain medications. This medication is going to trick the immune system of your body and the new liver will be treated as its own organ and not any foreign body. You may have to take this kind of medication along with other medications that prevent side effects of these medicines throughout your life. Some of the common signs of rejection that you must watch out for include dark urine, jaundice, severe body aches, cough, nausea, itching, tenderness in the abdominal area, high fever, and problem in breathing normally.
How to prevent rejection after a liver transplant
The patient who has undergone liver transplant should be given medicine to fight the attack and rejection. This medicine has to be used for a lifetime. Every person is different and every doctor is different. Each doctor would prefer a different medicine for each patient based on the condition of the patient.
Some of the common medications used after a liver transplant to prevent a rejection are:
You need to be very careful when you are taking any of these medications or something prescribed by your doctor. You should take exactly the same dose prescribed and nothing more than that. High dose of these medicines will increase the chances of infection as that affects the immune system. So, the dose prescribed will be balancing the infections and rejections in your body. Frequent blood tests are also done to make sure that there is no trace of infection after liver transplant due to the anti-rejection medications. You need to be extra-cautious during the first few months after transplant as a high dose of anti-rejection medicine is given during this time and hence, chances of infection are high.
Liver surgery or reception is actually a very serious operation that should always be done by some skilled or experienced surgeons. Due to the fact that the person with liver cancer also has some other issues besides cancer that is why surgeons need to remove enough for the liver so that all of the cancer can be removed and still has to leave a decent amount and so that the liver functions properly. Liver plays an important part in the clotting of blood and also the factors that a lot of blood passed through it and the fact that after the rejection of liver there is usually lot of bleeding so that is a primary concern.
Possible Side-effects of Risks involving Liver Resection
Surgery or liver resection is a very important operation so it is necessary that you are healthy enough to go for the surgery and the doctor is sure of the benefits compared to the risks as every surgery bears risks of its own. This surgery is no different as it also has some risks such as:
What to expect after the surgery
It will take your time to do your regular day to day activities as your bowel movements will still not function properly. Eventually you can resume your regular lifestyle once you leave the hospital. You should definitely about yourself from lifting heavy things for several weeks and you should definitely follow the instructions given by your doctor.
Feeling weakness is pretty much normal and the duration of time to heal from an operation varies from one person to another. People undergoing laparoscopic hepatectomy is likely to go home sooner than the person undergoing open hepatectomy.
The liver plays an important role in the digestion process and filtration of toxins from the body. In rare cases, a person with no history of liver problems may suddenly begin to show symptoms of decreased liver functioning. If this deteriorates quickly over a few days or weeks, it is known as acute liver failure. This condition is also known as fulminant hepatic failure. If left untreated, it can cause a number of fatal complications including excessive pressure on the brain and uncontrollable bleeding.
Treatment for acute liver failure depends on the factors triggering the condition.
A liver transplant procedure is performed while the patient is under general anaesthesia. Hospitalization is required after the procedure for the doctor to see that the incision is healing properly and to ensure that the body does not reject the transplanted liver. To reduce chances of a rejection, the patient is given medication to suppress the immune system. Hence, it is very important for the patients to stay in a hygienic environment and reduce their exposure to infections.
Dealing with liver Cirrhosis largely depends on its stage. While it is good to know and read about Cirrhosis, referring to some qualified medical personnel is the best course of action. If a person is already undergoing medical treatment, there are simple ways to deal with this condition.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
The liver is a vital body organ (the second largest) that helps in detoxification of the harmful substances and chemicals, in addition to participating in various metabolic pathways. It is normal for the liver to contain some amount of fats. The problem arises when there is an excess deposition of fats (accounting to nearly 7- 10% of the total liver weight), a condition referred to as Steatosis or Fatty Liver. Fatty liver often interferes with the normal functioning of the liver triggering serious consequences.
Types of fatty liver
Causes of fatty liver
Fatty liver is a common condition that often results from unhealthy diet and lifestyle practices. In this context, it is important to mention that unlimited alcohol consumption plays a pivotal role in various liver disorders, with fatty liver being one of the most common consequences. In fact, steatosis is one of the earliest stages associated with alcohol related Liver disease. However, fatty liver is a reversible condition that can be successfully treated if diagnosed at an early stage.
The excess deposition of fats in the liver cells can be an outcome of medical conditions such as
Besides alcohol, obesity is one of the biggest factors responsible for fatty liver. As per a survey, 1 in every 50 obese people suffers from fatty liver and other related complications (scarring, liver hepatitis or liver cirrhosis).
Symptoms associated with fatty liver
There are no characteristic symptoms associated with fatty liver. However, in general, a person may experience
● Abdominal discomfort
● Extreme tiredness
With time, a person left undiagnosed and untreated, may exhibit the following symptoms
● A changed appetite (there is often a loss of appetite)
● Sudden weight loss (unexplained)
● Abdominal pain
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!