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Type 1 Diabetes: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas gland. Our body needs insulin to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells, in order to produce energy. Genetics is the major reason behind type 1 diabetes but some viruses are also known to cause it. Generally, it appears during childhood or adolescence. If you experience increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, unintended weight loss, blurred vision, fatigue and weakness; you must consult a doctor as these could be signs of type 1 diabetes. Bed wetting by children who did not do it earlier is also a big sign that should not be ignored. Certain medications can keep your condition in control if your diabetes is detected at the initial stage. People with type 1 diabetes have to undergo lifelong insulin therapy.

How is the treatment done?

Your diagnosis will start with glycated haemoglobin (A1C) test that will show your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. Your blood sample will be taken randomly to check the blood sugar level. Blood sugar level above 200 milligram per decilitre indicates diabetes. The treatment will start with injecting insulin, through syringes or needle, in your body. The doctor will choose the type of insulin according to your condition. Humulin R and Novolin R are short acting (regular) insulins. Types of rapid acting insulins are insulin glulisine (Apidra), insulin lipro (Humalog) and insulin aspart (novolog). Intermediate acting insulins include NPH (Novolin N, Humulin N). Insulin can be taken through a pump, with a reservoir of insulin, which is supposed to be worn on the outside of your body. A tube connects the pump to a catheter that is inserted under the skin of abdomen. You must undergo frequent blood sugar monitoring to keep a check on your condition. Artificial pancreas is the latest invention in this field. However, it is not common yet.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, unintended weight loss, blurred vision, fatigue and weakness are some signs of type 1 diabetes. Also, if you have a family history involving diabetes, you must take care of your blood sugar level.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Minor diabetic conditions can be controlled by lifestyle changes.

Are there any side effects?

Injections can cause temporary redness and irritation in skin. Other than this, there are no known side effects of the treatment.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

You must take very good care of your health. Follow a diet filled with nutritious, low fat and high fibre foods like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. You should avoid sweets. Exercise daily to keep your body active. Consult your doctor before deciding on the kind of physical activities you must indulge in.

How long does it take to recover?

Type 1 diabetes caused due to genetics is not fully curable. It can just be brought under control over a period of time, depending on the severity of your condition.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

One session of consultation with a doctor may cost around ₹800 to ₹1500. Cost of injecting insulin one time may be between ₹2000 - ₹4500.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong condition. The condition can be brought under control through medications and insulin injections.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

You can try to maintain a healthy lifestyle in order to avoid your blood sugar level from increasing. Eat well, exercise daily. This helps in bringing your diabetes in control.

Safety: Disease Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: High Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 800 - Rs 4,500

Popular Health Tips

Type-1 Diabetes - What Is It and What Causes It?

Visiting Consultant - Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital, Saroj Super Speciality Hospital, D.N.B. PEDIATRICS, MD - Paediatrics, MBBS, Bhagwati Hospital, Rainbow Hospital- Panipat
Pediatrician, Delhi
Type-1 Diabetes - What Is It and What Causes It?

What is Type-1 Diabetes?

Type-1 Diabetes, also known as Diabetes Mellitus type-1, is a condition which is characterised by the lack of sufficient amount of insulin in the body. This is a chronic condition and cannot be cured. The insufficient amount of insulin in the blood results in the spike in blood sugar levels, which in turn, can damage various organs in the body. However, with proper therapy and treatment, it can be controlled and the quality of life can be improved for the patient.

The tell-tale signs and symptoms of this type of diabetes are the frequent urges to urinate, increase in appetite, increased thirst and rapid weight loss. It is most commonly diagnosed in children or young adults and thus, it was previously known as juvenile diabetes.

Glucose and other types of sugars are essential for the body cells to absorb energy. The glucose that is present in the blood is taken up with the help of insulin and utilised for energy. The lack of this hormone renders the glucose useless as it is not being able to enter the body cells. This is precisely type-1 diabetes.

What Causes It?

The cause of type-1 diabetes is not known entirely. Although, there are certain theories that explain the cause –

  1. Genetics: The chances of getting type-1 diabetes are increased in children if either of their parents suffers through from this disease. More than 50 genes are involved in diabetes type-1.

  2. Environmental factors: Environmental factors are also thought to play a role in type-1 diabetes.

  3. Viral infection: A theory suggests that viral infections are responsible for type-1 diabetes. According to this theory, the virus activates the auto-immune system of the body which in turn attacks the pancreatic beta cells along with the cells that are infected by the virus. Viruses like Epstein-Barr virus, Mumps virus, rubella virus etc. are considered to be responsible for the same.

How Is It Treated?

Many people with type-1 diabetes live long, healthy lives. The key to good health is to keep your blood sugar levels within the range your doctor gives you. You’ll need to check them often and adjust insulin, food, and activities to make that happen.

All people with type-1 diabetes must use insulin injections to control their blood sugar. Several types of insulin are available. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an endocrinologist and ask a free question.

2893 people found this helpful

Complications Of Type 2 Diabetes!

Fellowship in Critical Care Medicine, Post Graduate Diploma in Diabetology (PGDD)
Diabetologist, Thane
Complications Of Type 2 Diabetes!

Uncontrolled diabetes can be life-threatening. Prevent these serious diabetes complications by learning the warning signs.

People with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of many serious health problems, including heart attack, kidney failure, nerve damage, stroke, vision loss, amputation. But by keeping your diabetes in check — that means maintaining good blood sugar control, you can prevent many of these.


  1. Chest discomfort that feels like pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest, lasting for a short time or going away and returning.
  2. Pain elsewhere, including the back, jaw, stomach, or neck; or pain in one or both arms.
  3. Shortness of breath.


Stroke warning signs may include:

  1. Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially if it occurs on one side of the body.
  2. Feeling confused.
  3. Difficulty walking, talking and lacking coordination.


People with diabetes are at increased risk of nerve damage, or diabetic neuropathy, due to uncontrolled high blood sugar. Nerve damage associated with type 2 diabetes can cause a loss of feeling in your feet, which makes you more vulnerable to injury and infection. You may get a blister or cut on your foot that you don't feel and, unless you check your feet regularly, an infection can develop. Untreated infections can result in gangrene (death of tissue) and ultimately amputation of the affected limb.


Diabetes can also make it more difficult for your body to fight infections, causing skin problems. Various skin conditions are linked to diabetes, and even the most minor cuts or sores can turn serious fast. Any bumps, cuts, or scrapes should be cleaned and treated with an antibiotic cream and monitored carefully.


Type 2 diabetes increases your risk of kidney disease, or diabetic nephropathy, a condition in which the blood vessels in your kidneys are damaged to the point that they cannot filter out waste properly. If left untreated, dialysis (a treatment to filter out waste products from the blood) and ultimately a kidney transplant may be needed.

Typically, you won’t notice symptoms of kidney disease until it has advanced. However, if you experience any of the following symptoms, visit your doctor:

  • Swelling in your ankles and legs.
  • Leg cramps.
  • A need to go to the bathroom more often at night.
  • A reduction in your need for insulin.
  • Weakness and paleness.
  • Itching.

The best way to prevent type 2 diabetes-related kidney problems is to have your urine, blood, and blood pressure monitored regularly and to keep your blood sugar and blood pressure under control.


People with type 2 diabetes are at risk of several eye conditions, including diabetic retinopathy (which affects the blood vessels in the eye), glaucoma, and cataracts. If left untreated, these conditions can cause vision loss.

Visit your doctor if you notice any of these warning signs:

  • Blurry vision that lasts for more than two days.
  • Sudden loss of vision in one or both eyes.
  • Floaters, black or gray spots, cobwebs, or strings that move when you move your eyes.
  • A sensation of seeing "flashing lights".
  • Pain or pressure in one or both eyes.


Hyperglycemia means you have too much sugar in your blood. High blood sugar doesn't always produce symptoms; therefore, it is important to check your blood sugar regularly, as indicated by your doctor. When symptoms of hyperglycemia occur, they may include:

  1. Frequent urination.
  2. Extreme thirst.
  3. Feeling tired and weak.
  4. Blurry vision.

The key to preventing many of the complications of diabetes is to keep your blood sugar at a healthy level. To do this eat right, exercise, monitor your blood sugar as recommended by your doctor, and don't smoke.

A healthy lifestyle is your road map for managing diabetes, which is the key to preventing or delaying complications:

  1. Follow a healthy eating plan.

  2. Be physically active for at least 150 minutes a week (just 30 minutes, 5 days a week).

  3. Manage your ABCs:

    • A regular A1C test to measure your average blood sugar over 2 to 3 months; aim to stay in your target range as much as possible.

    • Try to keep your blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg (or the target your doctor sets).

    • Control your cholesterol levels.

  4. Stop smoking or don’t start.

For people with diabetes, controlling blood pressure has big benefits: it reduces the risk of heart disease by as much as 50% and the risk of kidney, eye, and nerve disease by about 33%.

Lose weight if you’re overweight—just a 5% to 7% weight loss lowers the risk for complications. That’s 10 to 14 pounds for someone who weighs 200 pounds.

Take medicines as prescribed.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3500 people found this helpful

Diabetes Type 1 & 2 - A Complete Guide!

MBBS, Fellow in Critical Care(FCCM)
General Physician, Bhubaneswar
Diabetes Type 1 & 2 - A Complete Guide!

Diabetes is one of the most common problems that are caused by obesity, unhealthy and inactive lifestyle. It is a metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to store and use energy from food. Being physically inactive and eating unhealthy food are primary causes of diabetes. It is a long term condition which causes high or unstable blood sugar levels in the body.

When a patient suffers from low blood sugar it is called Hypoglycemia, and if the blood sugar levels are too high, it is called Hyperglycemia. Both are extremely harmful for a patient.

Type 1 and Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes-

Type 1

In Type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. The condition has no known cure and is usually hereditary in nature. Approximately 10% of those suffering from diabetes have Type 1 diabetes. Patients with Type 1 diabetes have to take regular medication, including insulin injections as well as take care of their diet.

Type 2

Type 2 diabetes happens when the body does not produce enough insulin for its proper functioning. 90% of all diabetic people suffer from Type 2 diabetes. It is usually caused by poor lifestyle choices, like physical inactivity and unhealthy food habits. The disease lasts a lifetime and is usually progressive in nature, but can be managed by taking regular medication, choosing an active lifestyle and maintaining proper body weight.

Gestational Diabetes

Diabetes during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes. This has to be managed by taking medication or in extreme cases insulin shots. If undetected or untreated, gestational diabetes increases complications during childbirth, and causes unusual weight gain in the baby. However, gestational diabetes usually ends after the baby is born and women can go back to their normal lifestyle and eating habits post delivery.

Symptoms of Diabetes

  1. Frequent urination
  2. Extreme hunger or thirst
  3. Weight loss
  4. Problems with vision
  5. Tingling or numbness of the extremities.
  6. Unexplained fatigue
  7. Dry skin
  8. Cuts or sores that heal slowly
  9. High number of infections

Who is at greatest risk for developing diabetes?

People who:

  1. Are 45 or over
  2. Are overweight
  3. Are habitually physically inactive
  4. Have previously been identified as having IFG (impaired fasting glucose) or IGT (impaired glucose tolerance)
  5. Have a family history of diabetes
  6. Are members of certain ethnic groups (including Asian American, African American, Hispanic American, and Native American)
  7. Have had gestational diabetes or have given birth to a child weighing more than 9 pounds
  8. Have elevated blood pressure
  9. Have an HDL cholesterol level (the good cholesterol) below 35 mg/dl and/or a triglyceride level above 250 mg/dl
  10. Have polycystic ovary syndrome
  11. Have a history of vascular disease

What is pre-diabetes?

Pre-diabetes is a condition of elevated blood glucose level that has not yet reached a diabetic level. Along with insulin resistance, pre-diabetes causes no symptoms. An individual may be pre-diabetic for years without knowing it. Pre-diabetes increases your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Weight loss and exercise may halt the onset of diabetes from pre-diabetes by returning blood glucose levels to a normal range.

Diabetes is the fifth-leading cause of death by disease. Diabetes leads to the death of many people each year across the globe. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Physician.

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Popular Questions & Answers

I'm in a relationship with a guy who is a diabetic (type 1).he said that there would be some martial problems also so he is requesting me too find someone else to lead a happy life. Will this affect normal marriage life. Are there solutions for this.

MBBS, Fellowship In Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Vijayawada
A Type 1 diabetic with good glycemic control should not have any marital issues unless he has any other accompanying health issue. Check his LH FSH TESTOSTERONE PROLACTIN AND SPERM COUNT AND ULTRASOUND SCROTUM. After getting the tests done ask the question Once again with the reports.
1 person found this helpful

6 years old girl child diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus was taking insulin for 1 month and another 1 month she took only keto diet, no insulin, is it safe? Is keto diet reliable for 6 years old? What is the further treatment of it?

MD - General Medicine, DM - Endocrinology, MBBS
Endocrinologist, Delhi
It's not safe at all. Don't experiment with child's life. Take her to an endocrinologist in your city and follow instructions.
2 people found this helpful

In this season (winter) in Delhi, if it is not good or possible for a diabetic to go for morning walk than shall I go after tea and snacks at about 9 am for walk. Is it OK?

MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma in Diabetology (PGDD)
Endocrinologist, Chennai
Hi lybrate-user, Yes, you can go any time through the day for a walk. But make sure that you give a 2 hour gap after major meals (breakfast/lunch/dinner)
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

I am Dr. Rukamani Nair. I am working as a medical superintendent in Bnchy Wellness Medispa. I am a Naturopathy doctor and I am working for the last 32 years in this wellness spa.

Here I would like to share with you on the topic type 2 diabetes mellitus which is also known as Non-Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. So diabetes mellitus is a metabolic syndrome which is caused by the impaired or the dysfunction of the beta cell functions or insulin action. And at times our body is unable to utilize this insulin which Is produced by the beta cells and body becomes blunt and maybe because of the blunting of the insulin receptors or otherwise insulin signaling part ways. And we all know that now in this type of diabetes mellitus has become a social-economic problem world over. And India has got the highest number of population and it has been estimated by ICMR survey that by 2030 the one in five diabetes person in the world will be Indian.

So there is not exact cause of diabetes, but in developing countries like our India, it may be because of the high intake of calorie diet and a decreased physical activity, environmental factors and stress that will be contributing to the position and also deployment and progression of the diseases. And it is also known that this disease more associated with other factors like obesity, hypertension, lipid increase levels, and also stressful situations. So I will like to make you know that how naturopathy and yoga can control this disease and before starting that I will like also make you know that there are certain symptoms or signs regarding type 2 diabetes mellitus. When 1 starts suffering diabetes mellitus, the person in his cell system aspire by X variance. It starts giving disturbance in the digestive system. So the system is often time, we may get gas formation, we may have loose motions, when we are unable to consume high calorie as well as spicy food.

Along with that there will be excess increased hunger, increased thirst, increased urination, fatigue, blood vessel and also no healing of wounds etc. when such systems even. When such systems develop, it is very much, I mean needed to show and sat by their. We have started, I mean diabetes. So you need to consult a doctor and do regular checkup and one that has known that they a diabetes then I higher glasses. Then reeking check is very much needed. But when it comes to the treatment, in naturopathy, yoga there are very very good moralities, like say in naturopathy. We have clinical for one, I mean study is there. So in that we have huge. Like mudpack to the abdomen. And then also abdomen and spinal has which is followed by Para cyclonite, at least minimum to 22 to 30 minutes. He again give eat bath. So these techniques are highly useful and they are found to be must more helpful and given a significant reason in reducing , I mean the, the lipid, propyl age is passing glucose in PP even glucolis leave tat hemoglobin.

And there are certain yoga techniques. So along we such techniques, one can start doing regularly, if they want to go yoga the can go regularly at least for 45 minutes to 1 hour regular walking, swimming that serves the purpose so once, daily one continues then type 2 diabetes mellitus can be controlled along with certain discipline of the restriction. Particularly people we all know that timely eating, and then low calorie diet, low fat diet, and high fibers diet. They are highly useful in controlling or relieving type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Thank you everybody. And if you like to contact us and consult, please call us on Lybrate for detail consultancy.
Play video
Know more about Diabetes
Hi, I am Dr Nancy. I am working as a dietician in Banarsi Das Chandiwalan Hospital. Today I will tell you abour Diabetes.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is not a disease. It is a lifestyle disease or a metabolism disease. In this diabetes, patient does not produce or use proper Insulin to convert Glucose into Sugar.

Types of Diabetes-

There are 3 types of diabetes;

Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 3 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes occur in Childhood only. It is also known as Insulin dependent diabetes. In this the patient does not produce Insulin or use Insulin, so artificial Insulin is given to the patient.

Type 2 Diabetes occur in adulthood only. It is also known as Non- Insulin dependent diabetes. In this patient secret Insulin but not in a required amount so other medicines are given to the patient.

And Type 3 Diabetes occur during Pregnancy.

Play video
Here are types, symptoms and diagnosis of diabetes.

Hi viewers I am Dr. Neelum. I am consultant in endocrinology and diabetology. Today I will be briefing you regarding diabetes because it s a major it s a big public health problem and it is spreading like an epidemic Diabetes is basically a disorder in which our glucose is not able to get utilized by the body for lack of insulin either or when the insulin is not able to act the way it should act in the body tissues. And in that case we have two major types of diabetes. That is type-1 Diabetes and type-2 Diabetes. In type-1 diabetes there is absolute depletion of insulin and the patients are usually lean and they are requiring insulin for their diabetes control for entire life. And type-2 diabetes patients are usually obese and they have family history of diabetes, diabetes run in their family and they usually have insulin resistance.

They can be well controlled initially with diet, lifestyle modifications and medicines. And subsequently in the late stages or maybe, when it is not controlled with the medicines, they may require insulin. Now there is another variant of diabetes that is GDM; Gestational Diabetes Mellitus which is seen in pregnant females. And why it is important to know that? Because nowadays. Due to screening of diabetes and during pregnancy it is picked and sugar controls have to be in target range because there is fetal development and metabolic programming is done so it is important to have a healthy baby for which sugars should be adequately controlled via lifestyle modification, diet, if not then insulin is also given.

Then the other less type of diabetes are also known which are syndromic diabetes, which I am going to discuss here, because the important ones and the major ones are type-1 and type-2 And the cause of concern is that initially it was thought that type-2 diabetes is seen after 40, but it is not the picture. It was always there in kids, now it is increasing in alarming proportions. The kids are more glued to the screen and gadgets and they are having more type-2 diabetes because they have sedentary lifestyle, their food choices are little, they are more into binging, snacking and they are not that much physically active. And even younger kids in their teens and, adolescence and young adults, they are also having type-2 diabetes. So all this has to be picked because they develop complications first than adults. So how do we pick whether you have diabetes or not? So the symptoms are polyphagia, osmotic symptom typically these may not be in all the patients. You have to have a high index of suspicion. If you have family members who are diabetic or obesity or hypothyroid or hypertension, their blood sugar should be checked.

Now how do we diagnose diabetes? Well blood tests which are done to detect diabetes are very simple. They are fasting blood sugar and 2 hours pp. we have sudden cutoff. And there is one more test which is called HPA1C. So HPA1C tells you monthly average blood glucose which comes in percentage. If it is above 6.5% and fasting blood glucose is above than 126mg/dl then you are labelled as diabetes. So in this part I ll be speaking about the diagnosis which I have just spoken and in the next part I ll be telling you once are diagnosed with diabetes, how can you have control over the diabetes and how can you follow up to have a good glycemic control?

If you want to have online consultation, you can contact me via lybrate website or you can see me in my clinic which is located in Sushant Lok, Gurgaon.
Play video
Here are type,symptoms,cause and treatments of Diabetes

Hi Lybtateres, this Ravi Kumar Muppidi (Endocrinologist). Today I am enlightning you about diabetes.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes means high blood sugar above normal blood sugar. Right now 7 crores people are suffering with diabetes and another 7 crores will become diabetic in a few months or few years. Diabetes are of two varieties Type 1, type 2 and other varieties. Type 1 is when body is fully deficient of insulin and need daily insulin injections to control their blood sugars. So Type 2 is the common variety, most people will suffer with type 2 diabetes. Why this type 2 diabetes is very high in India because of their lifestyle. We have to focus on this lifestyle. We have to keep moving and maintain an ideal weight. The thing is if you maintain an ideal weight for your height then this diabetes wont occurs as common. Daily ten thousands steps you have to walk otherwise your heart rate should be above 130 per minute for 20 minutes a day then that is called exercise so daily exercise and maintaining weight through diet is important so you need to concentrate on diet restrictions, whatever necessary the amount you have to eat. You got diabetes don t worry you need to maintain diet, exercise and medication. Medication also very important once you have got diagnose with diabetes you have to take tablets. Type 2 diabetic s patients they need to be aware of diabetes and their blood sugar levels; they need to monitors their blood sugar levels weekly once at least. The blood sugar should below 130 before food and below 180 after food ok.

How to know if you are diabetic?

If you feel thirsty and if you are drinking lot of water then check your blood sugars, So other complaints of a diabetic are not only excess thirst also excessive urine one or two times in the night, three or four times in the night and excess appetite. You eat a lot of food and still you will be hungry ok. You your weight is overweight and your age is above 30, it s the right time to check blood sugars. So the next thing is complications. This high blood sugar can affect your eyes causing retinopathy and even nerves causing diabetic neuropathy and kidney causing nephropathy and these heart problems are very common in diabetic people, strokes and other are common in diabetic people. Infections are also more common in diabetic people. So these are the complications of diabetes. Coming to prevention, how can we prevent has tony before lifestyle. So you have to walk at least 20 to 30 minutes a day. Then you have maintain ideal weight, so if your height is 160 cms you should not be more than 60 kgs, if you height is 170 cms you should not be more than 70 kgs. So like this you have maintain your ideal weight and if you got diabetes s you need to start medicines along with lifestyle modifications.

If you got diabetes you have consult your doctor either endocrinologist or physician or diabetologist. You can contact me through Lybrate.
Play video
Know More About Diabetes
Types and causes of Diabetes

Hi, I m Dr.R.S Saini internal medicine specialist and endocrinologist. I am treating diabetes and hormone imbalance disease.

Diabetes is two types, type 1 and type 2. Diabetes is caused by the low release of insulin in human body and some and endocrinal hormone imbalances in a human body. We treated diabetes and hormone imbalance in our clinic if any person suffers from this diseases they can get treated by us in our clinic. Diabetic and hormone imbalance patients should not stop their medicines without consulting your doctors. if you want the best treatment then you contact us. We give 100 days one hundred percent satisfaction in treatment.

If you wanted really good health then contact us on, clinic name is Pyare Lal hormones clinic in Bolivar Ballabgar, Faridabad, Haryana. Thank you!
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