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Type 1 Diabetes Tips

Diabetes - Can Ayurveda Treat It?

Dr. Sandip Patel 86% (653 ratings)
MD - Ayurveda, Ph.D Arthritic Disorder, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Surat
Diabetes - Can Ayurveda Treat It?

Diabetes mellitus is a group of related diseases which prohibits the body from regulating the amount of sugar in the blood. The metabolism of the body does not allow proper utilization of glucose. In Ayurveda terminology, Diabetes is called ‘Madhumey’.

Types of Diabetes:

Diabetes can be broadly classified into two types:

  • Type 1 Diabetes is said to occur when the body is not able to produce enough insulin.

  • Type 2 Diabetes is the one in which the way the body processes glucose is affected.

Both the types have high risk of incorporating glucose into blood leading to increased blood sugar level, also called hyperglycemia, which causes serious health issues.

Cause as per Ayurveda:

Ayurveda states that good health is a perfect balance between Vata, Pitta, and Kapha doshas. Ayurveda explains that Diabetes is multifactorial having reasons varying from inherited as well as acquired or accumulated imbalances of these doshas. An excess of Kapha dosha is considered as the main contributor to Diabetes. Kapha dosha is related to having a sweet-tooth and overindulgence in sweets and carbohydrates.

Role Of Ayurveda In Treating Diabetes:

Ayurveda recommends eliminating Kapha dosha by decreasing consumption of sweets and carbohydrates and replacing them with bitter tasting fruits and vegetables.

  • Eat light, non- greasy food. Prefer food which is prepared using a dry technique like baking and grilling.

  • Reduce dairy intake specifically that with high-fat content.

  • Consume hot ginger tea, green tea, etc.

  • Consume all types of beans except soybean.

  • Prefer lighter fruits including pears, apples, apricots, cranberries, and pomegranates. Avoid fruits like bananas, figs, and pineapples.

  • Prefer whole grain like millet, corn, barley, rye, etc., and avoid wheat, rice, and oats.

  • Use pungent spices like mustard, ginger, pepper, cayenne, etc.

  • Consume a fibre- rich diet.

  • Avoid consumption of meat and potato.

  • Bitter gourd and fenugreek help a lot in managing Diabetes.

  • Ivy gourd or kanduri has glucose-lowering characteristics.

  • Hemp seeds, amla or gooseberry, and aloe vera help in controlling Diabetes.

  • Cinnamon improves body’s ability to utilize glucoses in a number of ways.

  • Turmeric helps in managing Diabetes.

  • Use garlic, onion, spinach, raw banana, and black plum.

  • Coccinia indica is a powerful anti-diabetic agent which regulates breakdown of starch.

  • Bitter seeds and leaves of Azadirachta indica or neem improve glucose tolerance.

  • Leaves of Morus indica or mulberry lower blood sugar level.

  • Seeds and fruit of Eugenia jambolana stimulate insulin secretion, reducing the risk of kidney dysfunction due to diabetics and accelerating wound healing process.

  • Drink water in a copper utensil to balance all the three doshas.

  • Exercise regularly and adopt a healthy lifestyle.

  • Try controlling obesity.

  • Practice yoga as it will balance all the three doshas.

  • Train to relax mind so that heartbeat, blood pressure, and other vital signs remain in control.

Why choose ayurveda?

Ayurveda is the best mode of treatment when it comes to treating and managing lifestyle problem like diabetes. The best part about Ayurveda is that it flushes out all the toxins from the body which help in normalising the insulin level and keeping the ill effects of diabetes at bay. Hence, visiting a good Ayurveda specialist in such situation can be of great help.

Take Away:

Diabetes management can be achieved through an organized diet. This is why Ayurveda manages Diabetes by adopting lifestyle changes which is a flawless and harmless approach for the same. To avoid excess sweets, Ayurveda encourages vegetables and whole grain intake in food for Diabetes management according to the field of medical science.

3178 people found this helpful

Diabetes - Can Homeopathy Resolve It?

Dr. Arpan Dhar Dubey 89% (36 ratings)
MD - Medicine (Homeopath), BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Allahabad
Diabetes - Can Homeopathy Resolve It?

Diabetes is usually associated with the insulin and glucose absorption of the body. This disease can be of several types and is often referred to as Diabetes Mellitus. It is basically a digestive disorder where the body is not able to transport the glucose absorbed from the food to the cells, due to a lack of proper insulin production. This makes the blood sugar level rise. This is a long term disease that involves metabolism and an imbalance in the blood sugar levels of the body. While type 2 diabetes is the most common with 90% of all cases suffering from this type, type 1 affects roughly 10% of the diabetes patients. Read on to know more about diabetes so that you can control it better:

Type 1 Diabetes: In this kind of diabetes, the body does not produce sufficient insulin, which makes it produce symptoms like increased thirst, frequent urination, blurry vision due to changes in the lens of the eyes and vomiting as well as deep breathing for patients who have reached a very advanced or severe stage. The best treatment plan for this kind of diabetes includes tweaking one's diet to cut out excess fat, salt and sugar. Further, the patient will have to ensure that the glucose levels are monitored and regulated with insulin injections and regular blood tests.

Type 2 Diabetes: When the cells of the body do not react appropriately to the insulin, it can lead to malfunction. This is a progressive disease that is known to get worse with the passage of time. Patients suffering from this disease usually have to take insulin tablets on a daily basis. The symptoms include fatigue, blurred vision and excessive hunger. The best treatment is to exercise regularly and follow a healthy diet plan. This disease can also increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases and other serious ailments.

Gestational Diabetes: This kind of diabetes affects expecting mothers. If the pregnant patient has a high amount of glucose in the body, there is not enough insulin that can transport all the excess glucose to the cells. This can lead to gestational diabetes. Diet and exercise are the best ways to control this condition. It may also lead to complications for the baby at the time of birth.

Prediabetes: Many patients who are suffering from diabetes type 2 often suffer from a condition called prediabetes where the cells of the body start developing insulin resistance. This phase also implies some amount of damage to the heart and circulatory system.

Treating diabetes on time is a matter of regulating and keeping a check on your blood sugar levels even as you maintain your healthy weight and lifestyle with a good diet and exercise.

Classical Homeppathic remedies for diabetes include Uranium Nitricum, Phosphoric Acid, Syzygium Jambolanum and Cephalandra Indica. These medications are either used stand-alone or along with other medications as an adjunct. Homeopathic medicines look to cure the inherent disorder and do not have any side effects, thus are safe for diabetics.

1798 people found this helpful

Diabetes - How To Administer It In Pregnancy?

Dr. Vidya Shetty 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Thane
Diabetes - How To Administer It In Pregnancy?

'Congratulations! You're pregnant!' Almost all women long to hear these words. If there is anything, including diabetes, coming in the way of this ultimate pleasure, it should be dealt properly without any delays. So, if you are a Type 1 or Type 2 diabetic, here are a few things you should keep in mind to have a healthy baby:

1. Your blood sugar must be monitored regularly

The most important thing you can do to have a healthy baby is to keep your blood sugar as close to normal before and during your pregnancy. Testing is recommended a minimum of four times a day. Glucose passes through the mother's blood to the fetus and hence if your blood sugar fluctuates, so will your baby's. High blood sugar levels are especially harmful during the first 8 weeks of pregnancy when the baby's brain, heart, kidneys and lungs are formed.

2. Your pregnancy is considered high risk

High blood sugar levels can increase the risk of a miscarriage as well as the risks of your baby being born with birth defects. Diabetes can also increase the risk of developing preeclampsia during the second half of your pregnancy. This could result in a C section or premature birth. Thus, maintain regular checkups and keep your doctor in the loop of all your activities.

3. You should watch out for signs of ketosis

When you have low blood sugar, the body produces ketones that can be passed on from you to your baby. This production of ketones is a result of the body's burning of fat instead of glucose to provide energy and can develop a condition called ketosis. Symptoms you should watch out for are stomach aches, nausea, fatigue, muscle stiffness, frequent urination and fruity breath.

4. You need Vitamins and Supplements

Most women require vitamin and mineral supplements at the time of pregnancy. Of these, folic acid, iron, calcium and vitamin D are the most important. These supplements help in the healthy growth of the baby.

5. You should exercise regularly

Maintaining a regular physical activity routine is very important for diabetics who are expecting a baby. This will help you regularize your blood sugar, relieve stress and strengthen your heart. Avoid activities that increase your risk of falling and aim for at least thirty minutes of daily exercise such as walking, swimming or yoga.

6. Check your medication

Some medication can be detrimental during pregnancy such as cholesterol and blood pressure medication. Consult your doctor to find a suitable alternative, if needed. You may also need to change the kind of insulin you take and its frequency and amount. As you get closer to the delivery date, your insulin requirement may even double or triple.

The key to preventing complications during pregnancy is controlling your diabetes. So take your insulin regularly, maintain regular checkups and eat healthy. You need to be seen by your obstetrician more frequently. Your pregnancy will be monitored closely by more frequent ultrasounds and NST. If your sugar level remains under control and pregnancy is advancing well, a natural onset of pains is aimed for and normal delivery is expected.

3989 people found this helpful

Diabetes - Through Which Means Ayurveda Treat It!

Dr. Soonrita Taneja 91% (136 ratings)
MD - Kayachikitsa, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Faridabad
Diabetes - Through Which Means Ayurveda Treat It!

 

Diabetes is often called the silent killer. This is because you would not even know when it sneaks up on you. It may not have any symptoms initially but once you have it, you would need lifelong administration of drugs. Diabetes or diabetes mellitus, is a metabolic disease in which sugar does not get metabolized properly in the body. This means that the blood sugar levels continue to be high, threatening the normal functioning of the body.

Types of Diabetes:

There are three types of diabetes. These are:

  1. Type 1 Diabetes: this is a condition in which in which the body does not produce insulin at all. Patients suffering from this condition may need to take insulin supplements for the rest of their life, in order to properly metabolize sugar in the body. This is a very rare, genetic condition.

  2. Type 2 Diabetes: this is a condition in which the insulin product is impaired and there is not enough insulin in the body for metabolizing sugars properly. This leads to high blood sugar and eventually, the symptoms of diabetes.

  3. Gestational Diabetes: This is an affliction of pregnant women. Some women’s bodies may not be able to produce enough insulin at the time of pregnancy and therefore they have excess sugar in their blood stream. Gestational diabetes may be harmful for both the mother and the baby.

Diabetes Treatment in Ayurveda:

For Ayurvedic treatment of diabetes, the first step is usually dietary planning and lifestyle change. Adopting a more active lifestyle, and a healthy, balanced diet low on sugars and starches, is a must. You must begin by avoiding sugars in all forms. This means you will have to get rid of rice, potatoes, white bread, sugar coated cereals, bananas, colocasia and much more. Add a lot of green leafy vegetables to your diet to improve your nutritional status and metabolism. In addition to these, also add some herbs to your diet. Ayurvedic herbs that act as natural medicine for diabetes include turmeric, bitter gourd, gurmar leaves, bael, fenugreek and many more.

Apart from diabetes Ayurvedic treatment, you could also practice yoga, which can help you improve your health. Several yogic asanas help massage your internal organs so that they are healthier and can function much better. Some of the asanas are especially beneficial for the pancreas, which produce insulin. You may have to make some changes to your lifestyle as well. For starters, you will have to maintain a more active lifestyle. You will also have to avoid sleeping in the daytime. Avoid smoking and consuming alcohol and take extra care of your feet.

Here are a few home remedies that may help cure diabetes naturally:

Juice of Bitter Gourd:

You may consume 30ml of fresh juice of Karela/ bitter melon every day early in the morning. You can also mix it with other things to make simple recipes and consume it.

How to prepare:

  1. Separate the seeds and mix the fruit in the mixer. Add a little bit of water and mix it in the blender. Use a sieve to obtain the juice.

  2. Small and thin pieces of the bitter gourd are cut. Fry them with some mustard oil and the required quantity of salt. Add green chillies and onions to the pan and heat the mixture for 10-15 minutes.

Aloe Vera and Ground bay leaf:

The mixture of aloe vera gel (1 tbsp), ground bay leaf (1/2 tsp), and turmeric (1/2 tsp) is recommended to be taken twice a day before lunch and dinner for effective hyperglycaemic control.

Methi Seeds:

Methi seeds, also known as Fenugreek seeds, when taken by itself or in combination with other Ayurvedic herbs, can act as an effective remedy to lower the symptoms of diabetes.

How to prepare:

  1. Grind a few Methi seeds and turmeric together and take it with a glass of milk at least twice a day.

  2. Soak fenugreek seeds in warm water overnight followed by chewing it in the morning.

  3. Soak 4tbsp of fenugreek seeds in about 300ml of water overnight and chew it the following morning.

  4. Prepare chapattis with fenugreek seed powder

Jamun Seeds:

The powdered seeds of Eugenia jambolana (about 1 tsp) should be taken twice a day with lukewarm water. Jamun has the beneficial property of not allowing the starch in food to get converted into sugar.

Amla:

Amla juice (Embelica officinalis) (20 ml) two times a day is beneficial for a diabetic patient. You may also use powdered ‘Amla’ powder and consume it twice a day.

Banyan Tree Bark:

A decoction of the bark of banyan tree is taken (50 ml) twice a day.

Preparation method: 20 gm of the banyan tree bark is boiled in 4 glasses of water. Evaporate the water until only about one glass of the decoction is remaining and drink it when it is warm.

Cinnamon Powder:

Cinnamon powder is probably considered as one of the most important home remedies.

How to prepare: Add 3-4 Tbsp of cinnamon powder and add to one litre of water and boil the same for about 20 minutes. Strain this mixture and cool the same. It is recommended to consume it every day.

5179 people found this helpful

Diabetes - How To Manage It In Pregnancy?

Dr. Meenu Bansal 89% (10 ratings)
DGO, MBBS, FOGSI
Gynaecologist, Ahmedabad
Diabetes - How To Manage It In Pregnancy?

'Congratulations! You're pregnant!' Almost all women long to hear these words and nothing should come in the way, even diabetes. So, if you are a Type 1 or Type 2 diabetic, here are a few things you should keep in mind to have a healthy baby.

1. Your blood sugar must be monitored regularly

The most important thing you can do to have a healthy baby is to keep your blood sugar as close to normal before and during your pregnancy. Testing is recommended a minimum of four times a day. Glucose passes through the mother's blood to the fetus and hence if your blood sugar fluctuates, so will your baby's. High blood sugar levels are especially harmful during the first 8 weeks of pregnancy when the baby's brain, heart, kidneys and lungs are formed.

2. Your pregnancy is considered high risk

High blood sugar levels can increase the risk of a miscarriage as well as the risks of your baby being born with birth defects. Diabetes can also increase the risk of developing preeclampsia during the second half of your pregnancy. This could result in a C section or premature birth. Thus, maintain regular checkups and keep your doctor in the loop of all your activities.

3. You should watch out for signs of ketosis

When you have low blood sugar, the body produces ketones that can be passed on from you to your baby. This production of ketones is a result of the body's burning of fat instead of glucose to provide energy and can develop a condition called ketosis. Symptoms you should watch out for are stomach aches, nausea, fatigue, muscle stiffness, frequent urination and fruity breath.

4. You need Vitamins and Supplements

Most women require vitamin and mineral supplements at the time of pregnancy. Of these, folic acid, iron, calcium and vitamin D are the most important. These supplements help in the healthy growth of the baby.

5. You should exercise regularly

Maintaining a regular physical activity routine is very important for diabetics who are expecting a baby. This will help you regularize your blood sugar, relieve stress and strengthen your heart. Avoid activities that increase your risk of falling and aim for at least thirty minutes of daily exercise such as walking, swimming or yoga.

6. Check your medication

Some medication can be detrimental during pregnancy such as cholesterol and blood pressure medication. Consult your doctor to find a suitable alternative, if needed. You may also need to change the kind of insulin you take and its frequency and amount. As you get closer to the delivery date, your insulin requirement may even double or triple.

The key to preventing complications during pregnancy is controlling your diabetes. So take your insulin regularly, maintain regular checkups and eat healthy. You need to be seen by your obstetrician more frequently. Your pregnancy will be monitored closely by more frequent ultrasounds and NST. If your sugar level remains under control and pregnancy is advancing well, a natural onset of pains is aimed for and a normal delivery is expected.

2463 people found this helpful

Diabulimia - Know Signs Of It!

Dr. Rajesh Kesari 90% (31 ratings)
Diploma In Diabetology, MD - Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Diabulimia - Know Signs Of It!

If you are diabetic and are in a practice of manipulating insulin levels to bring about weight loss, you must understand that it may have catastrophic consequences on your health.

Even though it is not yet officially regarded as a medical condition, diabulimia is a serious eating disorder that can bring about diabetes complications. According to experts, as many as one-third of the young female diabetics could be suffering from various diseases due to this condition. Even though it is more common in females, it is also seen to be occurring in significant numbers of young men as well.

Why is diabulimia one of the most dangerous eating disorders?
Diabulimia is a condition where the person deliberately injects less than the required amount of insulin to lose body weight. Contrary to type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes has no connection with lifestyle or diet. The ones who are affected need to get insulin since they are not able to produce enough insulin for their daily requirements. It is crucial to mention the function of insulin at this juncture. Without this hormone, the digestive system would not be able to break down the sugars from the foods and obtain energy from it. Without insulin, the sugars derived from food will be forced to feed the existing fat, organs, and even muscles.

When you are purposefully depriving the body of insulin, you are heading for permanent kidney failure, liver failure, fertility issues, heart diseases and even premature death. But it may not be visible from outside- you will have normalcy in your appearance. Since you are restricting insulin inside the body, you will have a very high blood sugar level. This invariably runs the risk of various complications such as damaging the eyes, kidneys and the nerve endings. The worst thing is that the warning signs may go unnoticed until it is too late. Therefore, it is always suggested to seek advice from endocrinologist as and when you notice any of the signs and symptoms mentioned above.

Know the warning signs
Even though the term is often deemed inaccurate, diabulimia holds the premonition of a serious pattern of disordered eating. Some of the most common warning signs of this disorder include:

  1. Unexplained weight loss
  2. Improper growth pattern in adolescents
  3. Hyperglycemia
  4. Hypoglycemia
  5. Recurrent spans of diabetic ketoacidosis along with extreme thirst, extreme hunger and frequent urge to urinate
  6. Poor blood glucose control, particularly if it was pretty well in the past
  7. Higher than normal haemoglobin A1c levels
  8. Microvascular disease that is affecting the eyes, heart, and kidneys
  9. Peripheral neuropathy resulting in weakness and numbness in hands and feet
  10. Disorder in eating
  11. Depression, deterioration of performance and social withdrawal

Manipulating insulin can be fatal for people who have type 1 diabetes. In case you see that you are affected by any of these signs and symptoms, you should seek medical attention without further delay.

2438 people found this helpful

Diabetes In Pregnancy - All You Should Be Aware Of!

Dr. Garima Kaur 90% (418 ratings)
MS, MBBS, MICOG, Diploma In Laparoscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Diabetes In Pregnancy - All You Should Be Aware Of!

Diabetes is a health condition that occurs due to the lack of insulin and when the body fails to regulate the blood sugar levels. It has been observed that it is a medical complication for many women during their pregnancy. It is best to follow some course of action in order to have a healthy pregnancy and avoid any complications. Diabetes is an autoimmune disease and it can be classed in to 2 categories or types.

The type 1 diabetes requires use of insulin on daily basis and its symptoms include weight loss, blurred vision and increased urination. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes include kidney or bladder infection and it is the most common form of diabetes.

Do the babies also develop diabetes?

It is not necessary that babies who are born to diabetic mothers are also diabetic, but if diabetes is not controlled during pregnancy, there are chances that the baby will produce a large quantity of insulin while they are still in the womb. It is quite possible that the sugar levels would be low immediately after birth and a close watch of the newborn is a must till the body adjusts to the amount of insulin it makes.

It has been observed that large babies develop diabetes later in life, mostly type 2 diabetes, and are likely to become obese. It is very important that children are encouraged to develop regular exercise habits and healthy eating habits to reduce the chances of obesity.

Effect of Diabetes on Pregnant Women:

There are chances that if a pregnant woman has diabetes, there are fluctuations in her blood sugar levels, this is because of the hormones that are associated with the pregnancy. It is very important that sugar levels are controlled at the time of conception as there is a greater risk of miscarriage or certain birth defectsoccuring. The pregnant woman is also at a higher risk of blood pressure which can result in premature birth and complications to the mother. The cause for concern for expectant mothers with diabetes is that the baby grows too large, especially if the diabetes is uncontrolled.

Normal Blood Sugar For Pregnant Women:

The healthy blood sugar levels in a pregnant woman for fasting sugar should be less than 95mg/dL and the blood sugar level after one hour of eating should be 140mg/dL. The blood sugar level after 2 hours of eating should be 120mg/dL.

Gestational diabetes that begins during pregnancy has become very common and can lead to defects in the infant. If the blood sugar level is high, then it can lead to complications during labor due to excessive growth of the fetus. It is therefore best to maintain blood sugar levels to avoid risks for the child such as respiratory distress, low glucose levels and jaundice.

3578 people found this helpful

Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes - Know The Symptoms & Treatment Of It!

Dr. Sridhar Billa 89% (32 ratings)
MBBS, DNB
General Physician, Hyderabad
Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes - Know The Symptoms & Treatment Of It!

There are a number of lifestyle ailments that plague people around the world. Cardiovascular diseases, high cholesterolhypertension and diabetes are just a few of them. Diabetes means your blood sugar level, called glucose, is too high. Blood glucose is the main kind of sugar found in your blood and is supposed to be your main source of energy. Glucose originates from the food that you eat and is additionally made in your liver and muscles. Your blood supplies glucose to the rest of your body's cells to use as a source of energy.

Your pancreas are situated between your stomach and spine. It assists with absorption of glucose from food and discharges a hormone called insulin, into your blood. Insulin helps your blood transport glucose to all your body's cells. In some cases your body doesn't make enough insulin or the insulin doesn't work the way it ought to. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn't reach your cells.

The signs and symptoms of diabetes are as follows:

  1. Being extremely thirsty

  2. Urinating regularly

  3. Feeling hungry

  4. Feeling tired

  5. Getting thinner without attempting

  6. Wounds that mend gradually

  7. Dry, bothersome skin

  8. Feeling of pins and needles in your feet

  9. Losing sensation in your feet

  10. Hazy vision

Type 1 diabetes is found mostly in youngsters. In type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin or enough insulin because of the the body's vulnerable immune system. It protects you from contamination by getting rid of bacteria, infections, and other destructive substances.

Treatment for type 1 Diabetes:

  1. Taking regular injections of insulin

  2. Medicines as prescribed by the specialist

  3. Healthy food choices

  4. Being physically active

  5. Controlling your circulatory strain levels. Circulatory strain is the pressure of blood flow inside your veins.

  6. Controlling cholesterol levels

Type 2 diabetes can influence individuals at any age. It is known to affect moderately aged and elderly individuals. People who are overweight and inert are more prone to type 2 Diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes normally starts with insulin resistance, a condition that happens when fat, muscle and liver cells do not utilise insulin to supply glucose to the body's cells to draw energy. Accordingly, the body needs more insulin to help glucose enter the cells. At such an instance, the pancreas start producing more insulin. Over the long haul, the pancreas do not make enough insulin when glucose levels increase, for example, after meals. If your pancreas can no more make enough insulin, you should treat your type 2 diabetes.

Treatment for type 2 Diabetes:

  1. Utilising diabetes prescriptions

  2. Settling on solid food decisions

  3. Being physically active

  4. Controlling your circulatory strain levels

  5. Controlling your cholesterol levels

  6. Weight loss is the most important if you are overweight. Avoid junk food and sugar, exercise regularly and take medicines on-time. 

  7. Regular follow-up to a physician is important
5463 people found this helpful

Know The Signs Of Type 1 & 2 Diabetes!

Dr. Rachna Mazumder 85% (33 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Kolkata
Know The Signs Of Type 1 & 2 Diabetes!

The food we eat contains energy which is stored as glucose in the body. This glucose is then converted into back into energy with the help of a hormone called insulin. A lack of insulin in the body or an inability to use the insulin is known as diabetes. There are two types of diabetes mellitus; type 1 and type 2. These diseases cannot be cured but with medication, correct nutrition and weight management, they can be controlled so as to not affect your quality of life.

Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong condition and usually, begins in childhood. This is an autoimmune condition and makes the pancreas stop producing insulin.

Some probable causes of type 1 diabetes are:

  1. Family history of diabetes

  2. Pancreatic diseases

  3. Other infections and diseases that can affect the pancreas.

Between the two, type 2 diabetes is more common. Type 2 diabetes is also known as insulin resistance and can affect a person at any stage in life. However, it is more common amongst men and women above the age of 45. Ethnicity also plays an important role here with African Americans, Latino Americans, Asian Americans and Hispanic people being more vulnerable to this disease. In this case, the body does produce insulin but either this amount is insufficient or the body is resistant to the insulin.

Some factors that can trigger this condition are:

  1. Obesity

  2. High blood pressure

  3. Sedentary lifestyle

  4. Polycystic ovary syndrome

  5. Family history of diabetes

  6. Low levels of good cholesterol and high levels of triglycerides

  7. Presence of cells that are resistant to insulin

  8. Prediabetes or glucose intolerance

The most common symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are:

  1. Increased urination

  2. Excessive thirst and increased appetite

  3. Weight loss

  4. Fatigue

  5. Wounds that are slow to heal

  6. Yeast infections

  7. Numbness and tingling sensations in the toes

  8. Dry skin

  9. Blurred vision

  10. Nausea and vomiting

Another common type of diabetes is known as gestational diabetes Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women. It is caused by the over or under production of insulin by the placenta. Gestational diabetes can affect the health and growth of the baby is not treated in time. This condition usually resolves itself after the baby is delivered but it can put the mother at an increased risk of suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Some factors that can trigger this condition are:

  1. Obesity

  2. Glucose intolerance

  3. Family history of diabetes

  4. Pregnancy after the age of 30
3113 people found this helpful

Complications Of Type 2 Diabetes!

Fellowship in Critical Care Medicine, Post Graduate Diploma in Diabetology (PGDD)
Diabetologist, Thane
Complications Of Type 2 Diabetes!

Uncontrolled diabetes can be life-threatening. Prevent these serious diabetes complications by learning the warning signs.

People with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of many serious health problems, including heart attack, kidney failure, nerve damage, stroke, vision loss, amputation. But by keeping your diabetes in check — that means maintaining good blood sugar control, you can prevent many of these.

HEART ATTACK

  1. Chest discomfort that feels like pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest, lasting for a short time or going away and returning.
  2. Pain elsewhere, including the back, jaw, stomach, or neck; or pain in one or both arms.
  3. Shortness of breath.

STROKE

Stroke warning signs may include:

  1. Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially if it occurs on one side of the body.
  2. Feeling confused.
  3. Difficulty walking, talking and lacking coordination.

NERVE DAMAGE

People with diabetes are at increased risk of nerve damage, or diabetic neuropathy, due to uncontrolled high blood sugar. Nerve damage associated with type 2 diabetes can cause a loss of feeling in your feet, which makes you more vulnerable to injury and infection. You may get a blister or cut on your foot that you don't feel and, unless you check your feet regularly, an infection can develop. Untreated infections can result in gangrene (death of tissue) and ultimately amputation of the affected limb.

ALTERED IMMUNE SYSTEM

Diabetes can also make it more difficult for your body to fight infections, causing skin problems. Various skin conditions are linked to diabetes, and even the most minor cuts or sores can turn serious fast. Any bumps, cuts, or scrapes should be cleaned and treated with an antibiotic cream and monitored carefully.

KIDNEY DISEASE

Type 2 diabetes increases your risk of kidney disease, or diabetic nephropathy, a condition in which the blood vessels in your kidneys are damaged to the point that they cannot filter out waste properly. If left untreated, dialysis (a treatment to filter out waste products from the blood) and ultimately a kidney transplant may be needed.

Typically, you won’t notice symptoms of kidney disease until it has advanced. However, if you experience any of the following symptoms, visit your doctor:

  • Swelling in your ankles and legs.
  • Leg cramps.
  • A need to go to the bathroom more often at night.
  • A reduction in your need for insulin.
  • Weakness and paleness.
  • Itching.

The best way to prevent type 2 diabetes-related kidney problems is to have your urine, blood, and blood pressure monitored regularly and to keep your blood sugar and blood pressure under control.

EYE PROBLEMS

People with type 2 diabetes are at risk of several eye conditions, including diabetic retinopathy (which affects the blood vessels in the eye), glaucoma, and cataracts. If left untreated, these conditions can cause vision loss.

Visit your doctor if you notice any of these warning signs:

  • Blurry vision that lasts for more than two days.
  • Sudden loss of vision in one or both eyes.
  • Floaters, black or gray spots, cobwebs, or strings that move when you move your eyes.
  • A sensation of seeing "flashing lights".
  • Pain or pressure in one or both eyes.

HIGH BLOOD SUGAR (HYPERGLYCEMIA) 

Hyperglycemia means you have too much sugar in your blood. High blood sugar doesn't always produce symptoms; therefore, it is important to check your blood sugar regularly, as indicated by your doctor. When symptoms of hyperglycemia occur, they may include:

  1. Frequent urination.
  2. Extreme thirst.
  3. Feeling tired and weak.
  4. Blurry vision.

The key to preventing many of the complications of diabetes is to keep your blood sugar at a healthy level. To do this eat right, exercise, monitor your blood sugar as recommended by your doctor, and don't smoke.

A healthy lifestyle is your road map for managing diabetes, which is the key to preventing or delaying complications:

  1. Follow a healthy eating plan.

  2. Be physically active for at least 150 minutes a week (just 30 minutes, 5 days a week).

  3. Manage your ABCs:

    • A regular A1C test to measure your average blood sugar over 2 to 3 months; aim to stay in your target range as much as possible.

    • Try to keep your blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg (or the target your doctor sets).

    • Control your cholesterol levels.

  4. Stop smoking or don’t start.

For people with diabetes, controlling blood pressure has big benefits: it reduces the risk of heart disease by as much as 50% and the risk of kidney, eye, and nerve disease by about 33%.

Lose weight if you’re overweight—just a 5% to 7% weight loss lowers the risk for complications. That’s 10 to 14 pounds for someone who weighs 200 pounds.

Take medicines as prescribed.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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