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Overview

Knee Pain: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is Knee Pain?

Knee pain is a situation which can commonly affect to the people of all ages. An injury, such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage may also cause knee pain. Certain medical conditions such as arthritis, gout and infections can also result in knee pain. Minor knee pain can be cured with some physical therapy. However, in some cases your knee may require surgical repair.

How do you get knee pain to go away?

Adequate rest and some light exercise along with prescribed medication can help to get rid of knee pain. Here are some tips to reduce or get rid of knee pain.

  1. Give your knee sufficient rest
  2. Ice it to curb pain and swelling
  3. Compress your knee through an elastic bandage, straps, or sleeves to wrap the joint
  4. Take anti-inflammatory medications
  5. Practice stretching and strengthening exercises (Only when doctor recommends)

What can cause knee pain without injury?

Though, knee pain caused by an injury is understood but there are several factor which causes knee pain. Some mechanical problems such as Loose body, Iliotibial band syndrome, Dislocated kneecap, Hip or foot pain, etc may also result in knee pain. When a loose body interferes with knee joint movement, the problem of knee pain starts. Iliotibial band syndrome is more likely to influence distance runners. When the Patella that covers the front of your knee slips out of place, usually to the outside of your knee, it is called Dislocated kneecap.

How Serious knee paincan be?

Lack of attention towards strong knee pain may end up causing you a lot of problems in the future. A chronic knee pain that is affecting your life is a sign that something is wrong. A serious condition will not heal itself automatically, and if left unheeded, can cause severe pain and irreversible damage.

With the passage of age, knee joints become more vulnerable and we do not bounce back from injury easily. In case, your knee is very swollen, or you cannot put weight on it, you must seek for professional help, as this could be a sign of tendon or ligament damage.

If you can feel something moving around in your knee, it could be that a piece of bone or cartilage has come loose. Apart from that the knee pain can also be a sign of osteoarthritis, a degenerative disease of the joint. It needs to be cured as early as possible. With osteoarthritis, a person must chalk out a plan to manage the pain and help to protect the knee from getting worse. Some other signs and symptoms that may occur during the situation of knee pain are as follows:

  1. Pain during bending or straightening the knee
  2. Swelling and stiffness
  3. Weakness or instability
  4. Crunching noises
  5. Inability to fully straighten the knee

How do I relieve knee pain?

One can't prevent knee pain caused by injuries because that may happen anytime, but for other factors causing knee pain, a person can adopt some habits to prevent it.

  1. Stop exercising if it causes you knee pain
  2. Legs stretching before and after physical activity.
  3. Always Use knee pads to prevent bursitis especially while kneeling
  4. Wear well fitting shoes for enough support.
  5. Regular stretching and strengthening to keep your thigh muscles strong
  6. Work to drop some pounds of your weight, if you're overweight

Is walking good for knee pain?

Although, running and jogging may put stress on knees, but walking (in speed) has low influences on your knees. Speed walking is also a great exercise for the whole body. It is noteworthy that beginners should stick to flat and smooth surfaces. until their walking muscles gets strengthened. Walking can help easing up your knee pain in several ways.

  1. Rebuilds joints: Regular walking and exercise can help rebuild the joints, reduce pain, stiffness. Also when you walk, the cartilage gets nutrients from the compression and decompression of your body weight.
  2. Builds muscles: Walking builds your muscles so they can take the pressure off your joints and handle more of the weight themselves hence lessening the knee pain.
  3. Helps in losing weight: There's four times less pressure and stress on your knees with every pound you lose. Less pressure on your knee also reduces pain. Hence, walking is a great way to help you lose extra weight.
  4. Although some people get so excited that they overdo it and get sore the next day. According to experts, you should try a little bit one day and see how you do. There are also some warning signs that you should stop when swelling increases suddenly, severe pain, feeling unstable.

What's the best exercise for bad knees?

Here are a few exercises which are generally recommended to the people suffering with knee pain.

  1. Step-Ups
  2. Partial Squats
  3. Calf Raises
  4. Straight-Leg Raises
  5. Side-Lying Leg Lifts
  6. Short-Arc Knee Extensions
  7. Hamstring Stretch
  8. Inner-Thigh Leg Lifts
  9. Hamstring Curls
  10. Prone Straight Leg Raises
  11. Wall Squats
  12. Calf Raises
  13. Step-Ups
  14. Side Leg Raises
  15. Leg Presses

Popular Health Tips

Why Are Doctors Opting For ACL Reconstruction?

M S Ortho, D - Ortho, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Why Are Doctors Opting For ACL Reconstruction?

The anterior cruciate ligament (acl) is a rope like connective tissue that gives support and stability to the knee, along with other related tissues. If you do not repair it, you can still perform many functions, and carry on with your life with little difficulty. However, a surgery to correct the ligament tear is recommended if you do not want the injury to impede your sporting activities and want a 100% normal knee.

The acl reconstruction surgery can be performed in two ways, the arthroscopic method with incisions in the front and the new one which is more cosmetic and has lesser complications. Both of which you will find detailed below.

The latter is a wiser and more popular decision, and you will require a suitable surgeon well versed in the newer technique to perform the operation.

How is the surgery done?

Acl reconstruction surgery involves the following steps-

  1. The surgeon, after examination, makes sure whether you actually need to be operated on if you have approached in the early stages, a repair may be possible. This avoids the need for reconstructing a new ligament altogether.
  2. For an acl reconstruction the tissue, which will be inserted afresh in your body is extracted and prepared, either from your own body or from a donor’s body.
  3. A camera is affixed onto the surgical instrument, which makes your knee interiors visible to the surgeon during the operation.
  4. Anaesthesia is administered to you, and new tissue is inserted in place by passing it through a tunnel in your bone in a pioneering new technique, the tissue is derived from the back of your knee instead of the fron. This leaves minimal scars in your physical appearance on the front of your knee. This procedure is also not very invasive.

Surgeons are increasingly favouring acl reconstruction nowadays. The reasons for that are-

  • It helps patients who cannot do without their acls, like those engaged in competitive sports like football or mountain climbing.
  • It can help repair the chronic weakness of the knee and help people who have locomotive difficulties.
  • One can repair several ligaments including your acl if they are damaged at once, following an accident or fall.
  • To minimise tissue damage from surgery, the minimally invasive arthroscopic method is the way to go acl surgery including repairs are gaining in popularity, and those mentioned above are some of the reasons. The doctor will recommend this in case you have an injury like a vehicle crash, sports accident, or related trauma to the knee and surrounding regions.

Make sure you know your requirements and seek out a physician accordingly!

1 person found this helpful

Knee Pain - Symptoms & When To See A Doctor!

MBBS & M.S General Surgery
General Surgeon, Bangalore
Knee Pain - Symptoms & When To See A Doctor!

Overview

Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages. Knee pain may be the result of an injury, such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. Medical conditions — including arthritis, gout and infections — also can cause knee pain.

Many types of minor knee pain respond well to self-care measures like ice packs, hot water formentation, local application of analgesics and oral analgesic medications, physical therapy and knee braces also can help relieve knee pain.

Symptoms

The location and severity of knee pain may vary, depending on the cause of the problem. Signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany knee pain include:

  • Swelling and stiffness

  • Redness and warmth to the touch

  • Weakness or instability

  • Popping or crunching noises

  • Inability to fully straighten the knee

When to see a doctor?

  • Can't bear weight on your knee

  • Have marked knee swelling

  • Are unable to fully straighten or bend your knee

  • See an obvious deformity in your leg or knee

  • Have a fever, in addition to redness, pain and swelling in your knee

  • Feel as if your knee is unstable or your knee "gives out"

3347 people found this helpful

Knee Pain - 9 Interesting Ways You Can Manage It!

MBBS, Craniosacral Balancing, Quantum Touch, Visceral manipulation
Pain Management Specialist, Panchkula
Knee Pain - 9 Interesting Ways You Can Manage It!

Knee pain can be more debilitating than other body pains given that it can limit a person’s mobility. For a person who is used to moving about, limited mobility can be very upsetting. It can also lead to emotional issues like depression due to losing independence. While wear and tear with age (osteoarthritis) was the most common cause of knee pain, altered lifestyles have caused more people to have knee pain due to lack of physical exercise.

The age group which has knee pain and the severity have changed. However, there are various non-medical methods which have been proven to be safer and also effective in managing this knee pain and keeping a person on their feet.

  1. Exercise: As soon as you realize that your joints are acting up, get expert help and get a set of exercise which will help you stay on the move. This should help both in pain relief and in arresting further damage of the joints. The ligaments and muscles should be worked routinely without exceeding limits and causing further damage. In most cases, guided by a good physio, pain can be managed well and disease progression arrested.
  2. Hydrotherapy: Try warm water (or a warm towel wrap) to which Epsom salt can be added. This will improve blood circulation and reduce pain.
  3. Acupuncture: Relieving the pressure points by using small needles help in managing the nerves and provides pain relief.
  4. Massage: One of the best-proven techniques, using warm herbal oils like tea tree oil, eucalyptus oil, etc., can provide very good pain relief. These penetrate into the skin and are also known to have medicinal benefits.
  5. Yoga: Different asanas are meant for different parts of the body. There are asanas meant specifically to improve knee flexibility and function, which can provide great pain relief.
  6. Quit alcohol: Alcohol can worsen any sleep issues, and this can further aggravate pain. A sound sleep is one of the best ways to get pain relief, so anything which comes in the way of a good sleep should be managed.
  7. Quit smoking: Smoking affects blood flow adversely and reduces pain tolerance. One of the best ways to improve the overall quality of life is to quit smoking.
  8. Pain tracker: Maintain a pain tracker and look for patterns. When is the pain worse, what worsens it, which part is affected, etc. This can help you identify exercises and methods which can help in controlling the pain.
  9. Social support: Whether it is your earlier or the next generation, get physical and emotional help. Take your grandkids to play along with you, and see your pain vanish into thin air.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2875 people found this helpful

Physical Therapy For Knee Pain - Why Is It The Best?

MBBS, DNB - Orthopedics, MNAMS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Pune
Physical Therapy For Knee Pain - Why Is It The Best?

For Dev who loved to be on his feet all day, the knee pain came as a big deterrent. It was not only physically painful, it was also emotionally stressful as it limited his movement. Walking down or up two flights of stairs would leave him bending down and tugging at his knees. The knee pain, which was diagnosed due to arthritis, was as a result of overexertion. His doctor told him to manage his workout properly and came up with a balanced exercise routine, which provided great relief. Now, he is back to his normal workout.

While most of us think of exercise as good, it has its own drawbacks too.

The knees are the most important joints that allow for movement of a person. The patella or the knee joint connects the thigh bone and the shin bone via a complicated knee joint is Hinge joint to allow for movement. However, knee pain can happen with the below reasons which can limit motion and cause pain and swelling.

  1. Injury/trauma
  2. Aging
  3. Infections
  4. Autoimmune disorders

Whatever be the cause, knee pain limits movement. A detailed diagnosis including case history to discuss symptom pattern and imaging (if required) can help confirm the exact reason. A blood test may be required to confirm rheumatoid arthritis.

There are medications available for all these conditions – antibiotics for infections, anti-inflammatory for osteoarthritis, and immunomodulatory drugs for rheumatoid arthritis. However, for most people with knee pain, for best results, physical therapy should be a part of management.

While generic knee exercises are good too, depending on the affected area and the severity of the condition, specific exercises may be required. There also could be specifications around the frequency and duration of exercise.

The best workout for people with knee pain include:

  1. Stationary bike: This is highly effective for people with knee pain.
  2. Treadmill: Managed at a slow, rhythmic speed, it does wonders for the knee.
  3. Elliptical: this also is not hard on the knees and provides a good low-impact, aerobic workout.
  4. Get in touch with a physical therapist who can prescribe exercises for about 15 minutes daily which can keep the knee pain away.
    • Leg stretches for about 10 repeats where the knee tendons and ligaments get nicely stretched and worked out
    • Knee bends, knee extensions, knee stabilizations, and straight leg raise work on these joints and muscles.

While painkillers definitely help in relieving pain, the more effective way to manage knee pain is with physical therapy. It promotes blood flow, improves sensation, and keeps the tendons and ligaments agile – all enabling better knee movement with less pain. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3780 people found this helpful

Patella Dislocation - A Brief Insight!

DNB, Fellowship in Pediatric Orthopedics
Orthopedist, Visakhapatnam
Patella Dislocation - A Brief Insight!

Have you ever experienced a sudden unbearable pain inside the kneecap? If yes, this could be a case of Patella dislocation. The condition can occur while doing any kind of physical activity, and you are most likely to have a swell in the joint, in which case medical attention is required. Read on to know more about this.

What is Patella dislocation and what is the cause?
The kneecap, also known as the patella lies in front of our knee joint. The patella glides up and down a groove known as the patellofemoral groove at the front of the femur or the thigh bone as the knee bends. The kneecap or patella is attached to the quadriceps muscle. It helps to increase the leverage from this group of muscle while straightening the knee. Patella dislocation happens when it is moved to the outside of the patellofemoral groove resulting in severe pain and disability if not treated properly. It can occur due to weak or inflamed joints, and genetic factors contribute to causing the issue as well.

What is the Treatment?
There are two types of treatment which are available for patella dislocation which is surgery and conservative treatment. Surgery can disrupt the normal growth of structures in the knee. So, doctors generally do not recommend knee surgeries for young people who are still in growing phase. There are many other complications of surgery such as reaction anesthesia or infections.

Hence, conservative treatment is preferred which is a combination of physical therapy and rehabilitation. It reduces the chances of getting another knee injury and other knee related problems like osteoarthritis and patellofemoral pain syndrome. Normally RICE principles are applied to the injured knee, i.e., rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Doctors recommend applying ice to the injured knee for a duration of 10 to 15 minutes every hour unless the symptoms and swelling reduces.

Who is at risk and how to prevent it?
Those sports in which the foot is planted on the ground and body direction changes like basketball or soccer, the chances of the sportsperson experiencing this problem is high. An athlete who has suffered from patella dislocation earlier is at risk as well. For such cases, a knee support is to be used which can protect the joint. In the acute phase, it is needed to protect the patellofemoral joint which includes reducing loads by activity modification, postural correction, and shoe changes. Also, barefoot running can reduce patellofemoral joint stress.

This is a common injury which typically takes around six weeks to heal, and with care, there would be no complications. Hence the key is to be aware and avail medical help on time. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4767 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 69 years old. I am a diabetic but maintaining well. Latest reading on 18/02/2019 fasting 101 and pp 161. I am taking vogli trio .3 mg twice daily also taking olmat 20 mg for bp. Bp is always normal. I have chronic knee pain for both legs, cervical spondylosis, low back pain which is severe during morning. I am having shoulder pain left side with difficulty to raise hand sideways and back. Sometime it is paining while wearing tops and at the time of removing.

MBBS, MD - Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Orthopedist, Mumbai
1. Your diabetic status seems to be under control. But it is advisable to do a HbA1C once in 3 months to know exact diabetic control 2. Since you are diabetic you are likely to get shoulder pain due to frozen shoulder for which you require physiotherapy 3. Your knee pain and other pain could be due to low vitamin D2 which you need to get checked
1 person found this helpful

I am having knee pain under my knee caps for the past 3 weeks. I do not feel the pain when resting or walking but while going up and down the stairs or if I put too much pressure on my knees. There is no swelling.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
First step is to get x-rays knees done and then meet orthopaedic surgeon. If you are diagnosed as osteo-arthritis knees then may contact me for capsules treatment.

I am 70 year old feeling right knee pain while using stairs. Walking or sitting no issues. I do take becadexamine an neurobion forte as advised. Pl.advise further?

MBBS, MD - Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Orthopedist, Mumbai
1 You require thigh muscle strengthening exercises 2 Since you are asthmatic. pain killers are not advised 3. Check your vitamin D3 level and correct if deficient. 4. If not getting better by the above measures, please take an X ray.
3 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Knee Pain?

How do you get knee pain to go away?

What can cause knee pain without injury?

How Serious knee paincan be?

How do I relieve knee pain?

Is walking good for knee pain?

What's the best exercise for bad knees?

Play video
Causes Of Knee Joint Pain
The knee is the largest joint of the body and is made up of upper and lower bones that are separated by two discs known as menisci. While minor knee pain may be experienced by many people, it should be handled with medical intervention when it becomes a serious and debilitating problem. Sudden injury or injury due to overuse as well as myriad conditions that affect the joints and muscles can bring about knee pain.
Play video
Knee Joint Pain
The knee is the largest joint of the body and is made up of upper and lower bones that are separated by two discs known as menisci. While minor knee pain may be experienced by many people, it should be handled with medical intervention when it becomes a serious and debilitating problem. Sudden injury or injury due to overuse as well as myriad conditions that affect the joints and muscles can bring about knee pain.
Play video
Knee Ligament Injuries
The knee is the largest joint of the body and is made up of upper and lower bones that are separated by two discs known as menisci. While minor knee pain may be experienced by many people, it should be handled with medical intervention when it becomes a serious and debilitating problem. Sudden injury or injury due to overuse as well as myriad conditions that affect the joints and muscles can bring about knee pain.
Play video
How To Treat Knee Pain?
Your knee is a very complex structure consisting of bones, ligaments, cartilage, tendons, muscles and meniscus. Most people encounter knee pain at some point in their lives. If your knee pain is chronic in nature, then it may last for a prolonged period.
Play video
Knee Related Problems
Hi,

I am Dr. Rakesh Kumar, Orthopedist. Me apko aaj knee and usse related problem ke bare me btana chahunga. Ye 3 bones ko mila kr banta hai femur, tibia, patella. Inke fracture open surgery se hi thik kia jate hain. Lekin ligament injury and ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) injury, posterior cruciate ligament or meniscus injury durbin se thik ki jati hai. Hum knee ko repair krte hain. Sabse jyada injury mediale meniscus me hoti hai or lateral meniscus me kam injury hoti hai. Agar in dono me se kuch bhi damage hota hai to vo bone ko rub krega. Is ke treatment me agar pura damage hai to hum ise pura nikal dete hain.

Aaj kal hmari koshish hoti hai ki isko hum repair kr den. Repair krne se hmara joint filler ka kam krta hai. Isko krne se joint contact area kafi badh jata hai. Bone ka stress ek dusre pe bhut kam hota hai. Bone kharab hone se arthritis ke chances bhi badh jate hain. Inko repair krne ke lia hum multiple ligaments lete hain. Sab tendons ko leke multi ligament injury ko repair kia jata hai. ACL repair krne se anterior rukta hai knee ka and PCL repair krne se posterior rukta hai knee ka. Hum implantation technique use krte hain. Ab ek new procedure me hum cartilage ko lete hain. Usko culture ke lia bhejate hain and vapas re-implant krte hain. Agr uske baad bhi knee khrab hota hai to replacement ki jrurat pdti hai. Replacement kafi successful procedure hai.

Thank You!
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