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Kidney Failure: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Kidneys are two organs in the shape of beans that are placed in the lower back region of the human body. Kidneys are responsible for the elimination of toxic elements from the body during the process of urination. Kidney failure is the condition where the kidney is incapable of removing these toxins from the blood effectively. The factors that can play into damaging your kidneys are; exposure to toxic elements present in the environment or in medications; either acute or chronic illness; trauma posed to the kidneys, and a severe form of dehydration.

The symptoms that come with renal or kidney failure are confusion, feeling nauseous, fatigue or tiredness, seizures, a state of coma, lowered desire to urinate, swellings of body parts, pain or ache in the chest region and shortness of breath. Kidney failure or damage can be brought on about by heart disorders, heartburn, allergic reactions, severe burn or scarring of the liver and infection such as sepsis. High blood pressure or hypertension and anti-inflammatory drugs can also inhibit the flow of blood to the kidneys. Other reasons for kidney failure are lupus, blood clots around the kidney region, drug and alcohol abuse, vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessels), chemotherapy medications, multiple myeloma (cancer that grows in the plasma cells of the bone marrow region), glomerulonephritis (swelling of the kidney blood vessels), scleroderma and some antibiotics.

Some factors that can contribute to urination difficulties and ultimately build up to kidney failure are; blood clots in the urinary tract region, kidney stones, injury to the nerves controlling the bladder and or an enlarged prostrate.

How is the treatment done?

There are four options of treatment that a patient can choose from; Firstly, Haemodialysis- it is a treatment method which makes use of a machine to carry the blood out from the body via a filter, thereby removing toxic wastes and the excess amount of fluid. This method helps to keep in check the blood pressure levels and balance out the quantity of essential minerals in the blood such as calcium, potassium, sodium and bicarbonate. In this method the doctor will create an access point in the vessels to filter out a huge quantity of blood every treatment session. Blood will be carried back to the body with the help of a separate filter. Although Hemodialysis cannot cure the problem of kidney failure it can surely offer temporary relief.

The second treatment option is Peritoneal dialysis- this method makes use of the belly lining to filter the blood in the body and eliminate wastes in the process. Like Hemodialysis the purpose of this method is to filter the toxic wastes and excess fluid from the body with the help of the peritoneum lining of the belly. In this method the surgeon will insert a tube in the belly only a few weeks before the beginning of treatment. The catheter or tube will permanently remain in the belly. During the treatment a dialysis solution will be transferred into the belly through the tube from a bag. This solution remains in your body and soaks up the toxic chemicals and excess fluid. After some time the dialysis solution will be let out from the body via the tube/catheter. This process called the exchange will be repeated a number of times.

The third method is a Kidney transplantation surgery which places a healthy kidney in place of the damaged one. This new kidney is gathered from either a dead person or from a living person. In the former case, the kidney is called a deceased donor kidney and the latter a living donor kidney. The transplanted kidney is placed by the surgeon in the lower part of the abdominal region and is connected to the artery. The fourth and last method called the conservative management method emphasizes on using drugs instead of a dialysis or transplantation, in order to treat the reasons for kidney failure such as the condition of anemia.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

People who have reached the end stage of kidney failure where the patient is losing about 80 percent of their kidney functioning capabilities and are having a glomerular filtration rate of 15 and above are eligible to go for a dialysis treatment (either haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis). Those who are suffering from chronic kidney failure and are already on dialysis treatment can go for a kidney transplantation surgery.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Patients who are more than 70 years of age and diagnosed to be in the advanced stage of kidney failure are not eligible for a conservative management treatment option. For them a dialysis or transplantation treatment is necessary.

Are there any side effects?

The common side effects of haemodialysis treatment are infections such as sepsis, low blood pressure, itchiness, hernia, weight gain, muscle cramps and peritonitis. The side effects that patients mostly suffer from after undergoing Dianeal PD-1 or Peritoneal Dialysis solution are bleeding, peritonitis, catheter blockage, abdominal cramps, infections around the area where the catheter was inserted, high or low blood volume in the body.

A kidney transplant surgery can lead to the rise of various complications such as infections, blood clots, bleeding, leaking or blockage of the tube connecting the kidney to the bladder, death, heart attacks or a possible stroke. The donated kidney might also fail or be rejected. Patients are prescribed a number of drugs to prevent the body’s reaction to reject the donated kidney. These anti-rejection drugs resultantly cause some side effects such as high blood pressure, weight gain, high cholesterol, acne, osteoporosis and osteonecrosis, increased hair growth or increased hair fall and edema (puffiness).

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

When undergoing kidney transplant surgery you will be required to follow certain post-treatment guidelines. After the surgery you will be required to spend around five to seven days on a transplant unit. You will also be kept under observation in case of any infection and rejection of the donor kidney by the body. At this time you will need to take a number of anti-rejection drugs as a precautionary measure against these possibilities.

How long does it take to recover?

The time for recovery from a kidney dialysis treatment varies for every patient and is usually somewhere between 2 hours to 12 hours. In other cases it can take even longer.

For those who have gone for kidney transplantation the recovery time for a patient is about three to eight weeks after which a person can resume normal activities. Any intense form of exercise as well as lifting of heavy objects is recommended to a patient who has had kidney transplantation only after six weeks.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of a haemodialysis treatment is about 12-15, 000 Indian rupees per month where they have to go for 12 haemodialysis sessions every month. In the case of peritoneal dialysis it takes about 18- 20,000 rupees every month. For a kidney transplant surgery it takes about 2-3 lakhs every years. And anti-rejection drugs cost about 1000-2000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

For dialysis there is no guarantee that the results of it will be permanent. For people who are above 70 years of age and those who are already in the advanced stage of Chronic kidney disorder might have to go for kidney transplantation in case the dialysis treatments or the conservative management treatments fail. Similarly, those who have had kidney transplantation stand the chance of facing donor kidney rejection by the body.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

In case you are diagnosed with Chronic kidney disorder you may be able to follow certain home remedies as an alternative to medical treatment should you not want to go for it. The doctor will prescribe you to adopt a special diet where you will be asked to avoid food items with salt. Also, you will be asked to limit protein intake per day. And you should also take food items that are low in potassium.

Safety: Low Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: High Side Effects: High Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs. 300- Rs. 3,00000

Popular Health Tips

Kidney Failure - What Should You Know About it?

FISN, FISPD, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, DM
Nephrologist, Delhi
Kidney Failure - What Should You Know About it?

Needless to say, your kidneys play an incredibly important role in filtering waste from your blood, and therefore maintain healthy functioning of the body. Blood pressure, production of red blood cells, and electrolyte balance, all of these are regulated by the proper functioning of the kidneys. Kidney failure causes too much build-up of waste nitrogen products,acids and/or excess fluid,which causes major cardio respiratory problem to the patient.

Symptoms-

Inability to properly remove potassium that runs in the bloodstream can lead to irregular heartbeat and ultimately, death that is sudden and unforeseen.

How can it be treated?

The causes of kidney failures are many and the key to treat them is to correct the underlying cause first. Chronic kidney disease, however, has no cure. Treatment generally comprises measures that aid in controlling symptoms and signs, reduce complications, and slow down the progression of this disease. Despite efforts to treat the cause, the condition might keep worsening and there is little to guarantee the fact that complications will not arise. This is precisely why it is of utmost importance to opt for examinations at regular intervals so that you may ascertain if your disease has remained stable or worsened.

End-stage of Kidney disease
In the case that your kidneys are unable to keep up with fluid and waste clearance as is normally expected, then there’s a good chance that you have developed a near-complete or complete case of kidney-failure, and are afflicted by end-stage kidney disease. If this is indeed the case, then you have two options to resort to:

  • DialysisThis helps remove the extra waste products that the kidneys fail to do. In haemodialysis, fluid and waste filtering takes place with the aid of a machine that drives these excesses from the blood. In peritoneal dialysis, catheters are employed to rid the body of the accumulated waste products.
  • Transplant: Kidney transplants involve a surgical placement of a healthy kidney in your system from a compatible donor, either living or dead. Medications will be a necessity since the body has to be prevented from rejecting this new organ.

You may also opt for treating the condition with conservative measures in case you don’t want to resort to the aforementioned procedures.

3072 people found this helpful

10 Essential Foods For A Healthy Kidney!

DM - Nephrology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine
Nephrologist, Gurgaon
10 Essential Foods For A Healthy Kidney!

Maintaining a strong and healthy kidney becomes rather challenging over the years as most people engage in a variety of activities and habits that slowly but steadily damage these vital organs. Furthermore, the symptoms of kidney failure are quite broad, ranging from leg swelling to high blood potassium; the extensive but confusing nature of these symptoms make it one of the more difficult disorders to identify and then treat.

Thus, you must make certain that you are going for food items that will prevent the disruption of your kidney functions:

  1. Red Bell Peppers: Since red bell peppers contain a very low amount of potassium, they will enable the kidney to perform all of its functions in a safe manner. They also contain an important antioxidant by the name of lycopene that fends off cancer growth in the body.
  2. GarlicThis particular root vegetable also holds within numerous medicinal properties. Not only does it add a lot of flavour to cooking but it has also proven to reduce renal reperfusion, a condition linked to kidney failure.
  3. Bamboo Shoots: As strange as it may sound, bamboo shoots bolster your immunity levels to an impressive extent. They also help with cholesterol and blood sugar.
  4. Onions: Though you might already be familiar with numerous forms of onion in your daily assortment of dishes, you must also note down how onions aid in reducing blood viscosity and blood pressure, both of which can lead to kidney damage.
  5. Lemon Juice: Normally thought of as refreshment for the hot summers, lemon juice is actually a surprising safeguard against the onset of various kidney diseases. It maintains your pH level, promoting stronger immunity within your body.
  6. Berries: Through a combination of strawberries, blueberries, raspberries and cherries in your diet, you will be able to avoid the build-up of toxic substances in your kidneys. They also provide a healthy amount of fibre, vitamin C and folic acid.
  7. Turmeric: This essential spice that you may already be acquainted with is, in fact, a surprising source of antioxidant. It also protects your body from the accumulation of certain cancer cells. It is also said to improve your digestive tract.
  8. Carrots: Carrots are a good source of vitamin A, which enables your kidney to clear out the harmful toxins from the urinary tract. They also reduce your creatinine levels, which makes you prone to numerous kidney diseases.
  9. Water: An essential item that controls your body in more ways than one, water is one of the most effective ways to clear out all sorts of suspect substances from your system.
  10. Watermelon: This wildly popular summer fruit is filled with lycopene, which, as mentioned before, is a strong antioxidant that sees to the avoidance of renal injuries. It also picks out certain oxygen radicals and clears them out.

Thus, by including most if not all of the foods mentioned above, you will be able to protect your kidney to the best of your ability and ensure the best renal health for yourself.

4218 people found this helpful

Acute Renal Failure - Major Reasons That Can Lead To It!

DNB (Urology), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Gurgaon
Acute Renal Failure - Major Reasons That Can Lead To It!

Acute renal failure is an exceptional condition that befalls when the kidney loses the ability to eradicate salts, waste material and fluid from the blood. Since waste elimination is the core function of the kidney, failure to do so results in body fluids rising to dangerous levels. Acute renal failure is often witnessed by people who are already under medical supervision. The condition can aggravate in a matter of few days to few weeks. It is potentially a life-threatening condition and requires expert medical care under supervision.

Potential causes of acute renal failure: There could be a flurry of reasons for a renal failure. Some of the common ones include conditions that slow down the flow of blood to the kidney, kidney gets directly damage, the uterus gets blocked and the waste can’t leave the body through the urine etc. Here is more on the causes:

  1. Kidney failure due to slow blood flow to the kidney: Some diseases or conditions that might slow down the flow of blood to the kidney include fluid loss, heart attack, allergic reaction, infection, extreme dehydration, cardiac diseases, liver failure, consumption of blood pressure related medication, use of drugs such as ibuprofen, naproxen etc., severe burns etc.
  2. Kidney failure due to a direct damage to the kidneys: Some of the agents/diseases or condition that can directly damage the kidneys include
    1. Cancer of the plasma cells
    2. Premature destruction of the RBC, a condition known as the Haemolytic Uremic Syndrome
    3. Certain medication including but not limited to chemotherapy drugs, dyes that are utilized in imagery tests, zoledronic acid etc.
    4. An inflammation of the blood vessels
    5. A disorder of the immune system leading to glomerulonephritis. This condition is known as lupus
    6. A rare disease affecting the connective tissues and skin, known as scleroderma.
    7. Inflammation of the kidney filters known as glomerulonephritis
    8. Consumption of certain toxins including but not limited to heavy metals, alcohol, cocaine etc
    9. A blood disorder, known as the Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

Renal failure due to blockage of the urine: There are certain conditions, diseases that can block the passage of urine leading to acute renal failure. The urinary obstruction can result from an array of conditions including enlarged prostate, kidney stones, blood clots in the tract of the urine, cancer in the bladder, cancer in the colon, damage of the nerve that controls the bladder, cancer-related to the cervics etc.
Some special condition: Apart from the condition mentioned-above, there are certain disorders that can lead to acute renal failure due to clotting of the blood vessels. Some of the conditions are malignant hypertension, hemolytic uremic syndrome, transfusion reaction, ITTP, scleroderma etc.

2756 people found this helpful

What Happens When Kidneys Fail & Signs That Indicate It

MD, MBBS, FRCP - Nephrology
Nephrologist, Delhi
What Happens When Kidneys Fail & Signs That Indicate It

A lot of bad things can and do happen when the kidneys fail.  The kidneys are vital for proper bodily functioning because they filter liquid and solid waste products out of the blood and allow vital chemicals (which the body needs for functioning) to flow into the body through the bloodstream.  People can become very sick when the kidneys either fail to perform these functions or fail to perform them properly.  Many people will get chronic kidney disease, therefore, they need to know what the causes and symptoms are in order to treat, and even prevent these diseases from occurring.

People who suddenly experience the following symptoms should see a nephrologist as soon as possible for a medical examination:  blood or protein in the urine, kidney stones, acute kidney injury, kidney infections, and/or pain, and Hepatitis C and kidney disease.  

Blood in the urine can be a sign of kidney problems which can lead to kidney disease.  Additionally, people who urinate frothy or bubbly urine, or have swelling in the hands, face, and feet should see a doctor because this is a sign of protein in the urine.  Protein in the urine can be detected by a urine test.  Kidney stones can be very painful and are problematic.  They are caused by mineral buildup in the kidneys.  Men and white people tend to get kidney stones more, and they can cause blood in the urine, painful urination, sharp lower abdominal or back pain, and nausea and vomiting.

Acute kidney injury occurs when the kidneys stop functioning altogether in a short period of time.  Because this disease can be deadly, those with this disease should get immediate medical help.  Usually, the very sick patients in hospitals get this disease, but it can also be caused by certain medicines, injury, or infections.  This type of kidney disease is easily reversible. 

Symptoms include

  1. Not passing enough urine when urinating
  2. Leg, ankle, or feet swelling
  3. Fatigue
  4. Breathing problems
  5. Confusion
  6. Nausea, and chest pressure or pain

Kidney infections tend to be caused by bacteria that have spread from the urinary tract.  Women, because of their anatomy, tend to get kidney infections more than men. 

Symptoms include:

  1. Fever
  2. Vomiting
  3. Back, side or groin pain
  4. Chills
  5. Nausea
  6. Frequent urination
  7. Frequent urges to urinate
  8. Painful or burning urination
  9. Pus or blood in the urine
  10. Cloudy or foul-smelling urine

Kidney pain in the lower back or sides can signify more serious kidney problems.  They can be caused by urinary tract infections, polycystic kidney disease, kidney infections, blood clots, and/or bleeding in the kidneys.  
Hepatitis C is a disease that attacks the liver and can cause kidney disease.  

Symptoms include

  1. Loss of appetite
  2. Nausea
  3. Fever
  4. Fatigue
  5. Vomiting
  6. Dark colored urine
  7. Grey colored stool
  8. Joint pain
  9. Yellow skin and eyes

While kidney diseases are at best unpleasant, and at worst, life-threatening, they can be avoided by drinking lots of water, eating a healthy low salt diet, and watching for any changes in health and urine over time. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
 

2844 people found this helpful

Kidney Failure - Factors That Can Lead To It!

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Nephrologist, Noida
Kidney Failure - Factors That Can Lead To It!

You may experience a kidney failure when your kidneys are unable to filter waste from your blood in a sufficient amount. Several factors such as toxic exposure to pollutants, extreme dehydration, kidney trauma and other chronic diseases may lead to kidney failure. The body gets overloaded with toxins, which may trigger the kidney failure.

General causes
People prone to kidney failure generally suffer from one or several of these following conditions:

  1. Loss of blood flow to the kidney
  2. Sudden loss of blood flow into the kidney may cause kidney failure. Several conditions and diseases such as heart attack, heart diseases, severe burns, allergic reactions, severe infections or scarring of the liver may cause loss of blood. Anti-inflammatory medicines as well as medicines for blood pressure are used for managing blood flow.
  3. Diabetes and High Blood Pressure are one of the main cause of chronic kidney disease. Controlling blood sugar levels and maintain blood pressure in normal range can prevent kidney failure.
  4. Problems with elimination of urine
  5. When the body is unable to eliminate urine, toxins are built up, which cause overloading of the kidneys. The urine passageways may get blocked due to certain types of cancers, such as colon, bladder and cervical cancer.
  6. Several other conditions such as kidney stones, an enlarged prostate and blood clots developing within the urinary tract can lead to problems with urine elimination.

Other causes
Many other conditions may lead to kidney failure. These include blood clots around the kidney, infections, toxic overload from heavy metals, alcohol and drugs. Others include:

  1. An inflammatory disease of blood vessels
  2. Lupus, an autoimmune disease, which causes inflammation of several organs of the body
  3. Glomerulonephritis, a condition which involves inflammation of blood vessels of the kidney
  4. Hemolytic uremic syndrome, a condition where red blood cells are broken down after a bacterial infection
  5. Multiple myelomas, a cancer of the plasma cells present in the bone marrow
  6. Scleroderma, an autoimmune disease in which your skin is affected
  7. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, a disorder causing blood clots in small vessels
  8. Chemotherapy drugs, which are used for cancer treatment
  9. Certain dyes used for imaging tests
  10. Several antibiotic medicines

Symptoms
There are several symptoms, which indicate kidney failure. In some cases, symptoms are not experienced. Generally, the common symptoms of kidney failure include the following:

  1. Reduced amount of urine
  2. Swelling of ankles, feet and legs due to fluid retention as the kidneys cannot eliminate sufficient waste
  3. Shortness of breath
  4. Fatigue and drowsiness
  5. Nausea
  6. Feeling confused
  7. Pain and pressure in the chest
  8. Seizures and coma

There are several types of kidney failure in general. They include acute prerenal kidney failure, acute intrinsic kidney failure, chronic prerenal kidney failure, chronic intrinsic kidney failure and chronic post-renal kidney failure. It is recommended that you consult a doctor upon experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1950 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, Do kidneys revive in case of total renal failure because of acute pancreatitis in 14 year old boy? If yes how many days it takes.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB - MEdicine, DNB- Nephrology
Nephrologist, Gurgaon
Yes it may recover, fully or partially, if it is purely due to pancreatitis, there is no fixed time, may take 3-6 months.
4 people found this helpful

I am kidney patient renal failure my uric acid is 10. Doctor advice febutaz 40. Can I used it or is it increase my creatine level. Creatine is 5.38.

NCCH & MCH
Homeopath, Raebareli
Yes it will be good for you but keep a check of Na/K/Urea/Creat/ HB values in 7-10 days interval TC.

I am 53 yrs. My creatinine is 1.3. Is it ok. I also sometimes have under back pain. I am diabetic. I do not drink or smoke.

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Ahmedabad
Less than 1.5 is ok. But you should drink more water. Your rbs should be under 150. Strict diabetes control. And repeat creat. After few months.
1 person found this helpful

My uncle is 50 years old and his creatine level is 12. He have kidney failure. Last stage. Can he be cured through ayurveda?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Genito Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Ludhiana
First find cause for raised creatinine. If it is treatable it will come down other wise he has to undergo dialysis and if donor is available I family renal transplant.

I am suffering from kidney failure ckd my creatine level is 3.0 and potassium is 5.76 previous I was diagnosed with SLE lupus nephritis recently kidney biopsy has done report showed that the findings are consistent with lupus nephritis class v with chronicity index of 6/12 and tubulointeritial infiltrate involving 30% of the core.

DM - Nephrology, MD - General Medicine
Nephrologist, Delhi
Dear lybrate-user Since you have lupus nephritis your CKD is likely to progress over time. You need regular follow up with your nephrologist to monitor progression and modification of medications with time. Apart from creatinine, potassium you have to target Hb, calcium, phosphorus, uric acid, Urine protein and RBCs, and bicarbonate. Dietary precautions are also very important. I hope your concerns have been answered. Regards.
3 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Kidney Related Diseases
Namaskar,

Me Dr. Yogesh Kumar Chhabra hun, Nephrology. Aaj me apko kidney disease ke bare me btaunga. Kidney disease 2 types ka hai. Acute and chronic. Acute kidney me infection ya kisi medicine ka asar joki reversible hai. Isme kidney puri trha thik ho skti hai. Chronic me disease dheere dheere develop hoti hai. Ye reversible nhi hota hai. Iska cause diabetes and hypertension hota hai. Agar aap shi time pe nephrologist se contact krte hain to is disease ko slow ya ruka ja skta hai with adequate medicines. Diabetes and blood pressure ki medicines ko thik se len. Chronic kidney disease ke 1-5 stages hote hain. Maximum patients stage 3 & 4 me aate hain. Patient stage 5 me bhi aate hain. Patient ko vaccination ki bhi jrurat hoti hai hepatitis B, pneumonia and influenza.

Patient ko dialysis ke lia bhi prepare kia jata hai. Patient ko transplant ke lia bhi prepare kia jata hai. Patient ko stage 5 me dialysis ki bhi jrurat padti hai. Dialysis ke 2 types hain. Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis me blood ko clean kia jata hai. Peat ki dialysis ko peritoneal dialysis kha jata hai. Ek treatment hai kidney transplant jo sabse better hai. Kidney transplant means renal transplant. Agar kidney transplant me blood group match nhi krta tab bhi transplant ke lia socha ja skta hai. Depend krta hai ki patient ki body use accept kregi ya nhi. Isme patient ka quality of life improve ho jata hai and regular medication suggest ki jati hai. Patient ko regular hospital aane ki jrurat nhi pdti. Transplant price wise bhi kafi acha hai.

Dialysis me 5 saal ke baad karib 50% hi survival hota hai and diabetics me 35% survival rate hai. Lekin transplant me survival rate is more than 90%. Lekin transplant me ek problem bhi aati hai. Donors jyada available nhi hote hain. Kabhi blood group match nhi krta ya fir kisi medical reason se donor shi stage pe nhi mil pate hain. Hume logon ko motivate krna chaiye ki apne organs ko donate kren. Is se patient ki life ko improve kia ja skta hai. Kidney transplant ki life hoti hai 12-15 saal. kayi baar 30-32 saal bhi ja skti hai. Quality and quantity of life both can be improved.

Thank You!
Play video
Acute Kidney (Renal) Failure
Good morning!

I m Dr. Sunil Prakash. I m director and head of nephrology of renal transplant services at BLK super specialty hospital, New Delhi.

Today I would like to share with you some newer things that are happening on nephrology. You all know that if somebody has a kidney failure they will eventually land up on dialysis. Dialysis is of 2 types: peritoneal dialysis which is done at home by person themselves or your relatives. It is also called colo-colic or water dialysis. Another is blood dialysis. This can also be done at home which is called home hemodialysis and there are simple machines which are available and there are people who can be trained who can come at home and do dialysis for such patients. Or these patients come to hospitals or dialysis centers for regular dialysis. Dialysis is normally give it to 2-3 times a week. Itis certainly a cumbersome procedure and it is also costing money. But at the end of the day the decision is either dialysis or death. So if somebody reaches the end stage kidney disease then he/she will require dialysis. The other option is to go for kidney transplant. The biggest problem of kidney transplant is how to get donors? How to get kidneys? Now friends everybody has 2kidneys. And if somebody is healthy and he doesn t have diabetes, blood pressure or stone in the kidney and he is leading a good healthy life then by doing some test it can be found that person may be able to live on one kidney. So if we are certain that a donor if he can give one kidney to its relative to make him rehabilitate then he can live on one kidney and the recipient or the patient who gets the kidney will live on another kidney. This is called life-related donor program. This is a legal program. Now what is not legal? What is totally illegal is when somebody tries to buy kidneys for poor people by force or money or greed or whatever. This is illegal act and it is punishable by law. Another thing in transplant which we must encourage and our country is lacking very badly is deceased donor transplant. What is deceased donor transplant? It means unfortunately if somebody gets an accident. Young person leaves his house on bike or going for a job or something meets with the accident sometimes if the brain is irreversibly damaged but the organs like heart kidney and liver are functioning well these are called brain death patients. They are basically cadavers. Cadavers means death although technically, legally they are living at that point of time because there heart is beating but if somebody s brain is death then that person ceases to be that person. And certainly within a day the all organs will also stop functioning because their master is gone the command center is gone. And all the organs of the body requires impulses from brain to survive. So now in such a situation a person s heart is beating but it is certain to die in next 6-8-10 or maximum24 hours. So in this interim the organs of the patients are taken out and give it to people who are waiting on the organ list to be able to get these organs and get rehabilitated. In Spain the rate of donation is 50/million. In India it is 0.5/million. So we can very well imagine that how much organ shortage we are having and Indians or top of it have more proclivity of having kidney diseases and end stage kidney stages. So we badly needs these kidneys. So I request to all my listeners that let us join hands, let us do more social work, advertise and tell people that unfortunately if somebody has got brain damage then he/she is about to die then they must pledge their organs to people who are waiting below. Nothing can be better than this act of altruism and donation. Friends let us not take our organs to heaven because heaven knows that we need these organs here. Thank you for your time. I m available at BLK super specialty hospital. For any issues, consulting dialysis refers to blood pressure and transplantation center.

Thank you! Again.
Play video
Acute Renal Failure
Hello, I am Sandeep Behura. I have done DM from BHU. I am a consultant Nephrologists in Delhi and I am practising in Noida also. Today I am going to talk about Acute Renal Failure which is a common problem.

Acute Renal Failure is characterized by the failure of the normal function of a kidney which occurs over a short period of time. Medically speaking, there is an accumulation of Nitrogen as a waste product in the body with fatuation of electrolyte imbalance associated with retention of fluid in the body which occurs over the period of hours to days.

The aetiology of Acute Renal Failure is varied. However, it is classified into 3;

Prerenal ARF, which constitutes majority 55% of the cases.
Entrance adrenal ARF, which contributes to about 45% adrenal failure.
And 5% of the causes are Postrenal ARF
Coming to the Prerenal ARF, most of the causes are following;

Massive dead loss, like following traffic accidents or a major surgery.
Following fluid loss like following diarrhoea, vomiting, patients having diabetes, patients with the cardiac problem may have Acute Renal Failure.
Intense Renal ARF is 2 types. These can be ischemic in nature or toxic in nature.
Play video
Renal Failure
How Homeopathy helps treat Renal failure?
Play video
Renal Failure
Causes, symptoms and home remedies for Renal Failure

Good Morning mera naam hai Dr. Amol Bamane aur mai Ras Yog Ayurveda ka founder hun. Aaj mai aap ko renal failure k baare mein information dene wala hun. Renal failure yani aap ka jo kidney hai wo kaam karna band ho jaata hai ya kam ho jaata hai. Iss condition ko hum renal failure kehte hai. Uske causes hai Acute Glomerulonephritis. Jo nephrones hai uska size badh jaata hai, agar kisi ko high blood pressure hai to wo bhi uska ek cause hai, polycystic disease of kidney-agar usse polycystic disease hai to wo bhi cause hi sakta hai, tuberculosis of kidney - agar kidney ka tuberculosis hai to usse renal failure ho jata hai ye renal function mein problem ho jaata hai, to ye saare causes hai iske.

Iske symptoms nausea hai, vomiting hai, lungs mein fluid saturate ho jaata hai vomiting mein bhi blood aa jata hai, anemia hai, constipation bhi hota hai iss case mein. Iss k symptoms body swelling rehta hai, itching rehta hai. Isme diet aur lifestyle aisa hona chahiye k aap ka jo blood pressure hai wo control mein rehna chahiye. Agar aap tablets nahi le rahe hai to aap tablets lena shuru kar dijiye, blood sugar levels bhi aap ka control mein rehana chahiye, zyada salty khana aap mat khaiye, alcohol and nicotine consumption aap puri tarah se band kar dijiye. Diet acche se maintain kijiye, vegetarian diet lijiye. To maine jo ye saare diet aur healthy life style k baare mein bataya hai ye follow kijiye.

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