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Overview

Multiple Myeloma - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Multiple Myeloma? Multiple Myeloma Treatment There is an absence of any cures for multiple myeloma but treatment may result in the resumption of almost normal life. Some standard treatments are: Targeted Therapy- Drug treatment has a focus on particular peculiar properties of cancerous cells which allow them to survive. Drugs like bortezomib and carfilzomib initiate results that cause myeloma cells to die. Biological Therapy- Biological therapy uses the immune system of the body in order to fight the cancerous cells. Drugs like lenalidomide, thalidomide and pomalidomide boost the immune system of a particular person. The immune system then identifies and attacks the cancerous cells. Chemotherapy- Chemotherapy drugs destroy cells that are growing too fast including the myeloma cells. Chemotherapy is administered in high doses before transplants of stem cells. Corticosteroids- Dexamethasone and prednisone are some corticosteroids that control body inflammation through the regulation of the immune system. They also attack myeloma cells. Stem cell transplantation- In this procedure diseased bone marrow is replaced by a healthy one. Before the procedure stem cells that form blood are gathered from a person’s blood. Then a person is exposed to chemotherapy in high doses so that the diseased bone marrow is destroyed. Then stem cells are introduced into the patient’s body where they eventually land up in the bones and the bone marrow is built afresh. Radiation Therapy- In radiation therapy, a patient is exposed to energy beams like X-rays with the end of damaging myeloma cells and stunting their growth. Radiation therapy is often put into use to shrink myeloma cells in a particular region of the body. One such example is a tumor medically called a plasmacytoma, formed by abnormal plasma cells. Such tumors may cause immense pain and even may destroy bones.

What is Multiple Myeloma?

Multiple myeloma is a form of cancer that takes place in a plasma cell, a type of white blood cell. The main function of plasma cells is to make antibodies that have the ability of recognition of germs and attacks them. Plasma cells hence aid in fighting infections. When a person has multiple myeloma cancer cells tend to build up in the bone marrow. They soon outnumber healthy blood cells. The cancerous cells begin to produce proteins which result in kidney problems instead of producing antibodies. Multiple myeloma does not always require treatment. In the absence of signs and symptoms treatment is not necessary most of the times.

Multiple Myeloma Treatment There is an absence of any cures for multiple myeloma but treatment may result in the resumption of almost normal life. Some standard treatments are: Targeted Therapy- Drug treatment has a focus on particular peculiar properties of cancerous cells which allow them to survive. Drugs like bortezomib and carfilzomib initiate results that cause myeloma cells to die. Biological Therapy- Biological therapy uses the immune system of the body in order to fight the cancerous cells. Drugs like lenalidomide, thalidomide and pomalidomide boost the immune system of a particular person. The immune system then identifies and attacks the cancerous cells. Chemotherapy- Chemotherapy drugs destroy cells that are growing too fast including the myeloma cells. Chemotherapy is administered in high doses before transplants of stem cells. Corticosteroids- Dexamethasone and prednisone are some corticosteroids that control body inflammation through the regulation of the immune system. They also attack myeloma cells. Stem cell transplantation- In this procedure diseased bone marrow is replaced by a healthy one. Before the procedure stem cells that form blood are gathered from a person’s blood. Then a person is exposed to chemotherapy in high doses so that the diseased bone marrow is destroyed. Then stem cells are introduced into the patient’s body where they eventually land up in the bones and the bone marrow is built afresh. Radiation Therapy- In radiation therapy, a patient is exposed to energy beams like X-rays with the end of damaging myeloma cells and stunting their growth. Radiation therapy is often put into use to shrink myeloma cells in a particular region of the body. One such example is a tumor medically called a plasmacytoma, formed by abnormal plasma cells. Such tumors may cause immense pain and even may destroy bones.

There is an absence of any cures for multiple myeloma but treatment may result in the resumption of almost normal life. Some standard treatments are:

  • Targeted Therapy- Drug treatment has a focus on particular peculiar properties of cancerous cells which allow them to survive. Drugs like bortezomib and carfilzomib initiate results that cause myeloma cells to die.
  • Biological Therapy- Biological therapy uses the immune system of the body in order to fight the cancerous cells. Drugs like lenalidomide, thalidomide and pomalidomide boost the immune system of a particular person. The immune system then identifies and attacks the cancerous cells.
  • Chemotherapy- Chemotherapy drugs destroy cells that are growing too fast including the myeloma cells. Chemotherapy is administered in high doses before transplants of stem cells.
  • Corticosteroids- Dexamethasone and prednisone are some corticosteroids that control body inflammation through the regulation of the immune system. They also attack myeloma cells.
  • Stem cell transplantation- In this procedure diseased bone marrow is replaced by a healthy one. Before the procedure stem cells that form blood are gathered from a person’s blood. Then a person is exposed to chemotherapy in high doses so that the diseased bone marrow is destroyed. Then stem cells are introduced into the patient’s body where they eventually land up in the bones and the bone marrow is built afresh.
  • Radiation Therapy- In radiation therapy, a patient is exposed to energy beams like X-rays with the end of damaging myeloma cells and stunting their growth. Radiation therapy is often put into use to shrink myeloma cells in a particular region of the body. One such example is a tumor medically called a plasmacytoma, formed by abnormal plasma cells. Such tumors may cause immense pain and even may destroy bones.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, My husband was detected with multiple myeloma after 4 cycle of chemotherapy. He under went bone marrow transplant. For 3 years he is under maintenance. Borviz 2 mg injected twice a month. I want to know for how many years borviz can be continued.

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Medical Oncology
Oncologist, Mumbai
Actually the data is for 2 years for the bortezomib maintenance post bone marrow transplant. However it may be continued if there is no toxicity due to same. So would request to discuss with the physician and if there is no toxicity it may be prud...
2 people found this helpful

My mother is suffering from multiple myeloma with acute low sodium level. She is 89 years old. Does Amlo 5 mg will reduce her Sodium level further?

MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma In Medicine, Fellowship In Medical Oncology
Oncologist, Kolkata
Hi Lybrate User Amlo 5 mg which has amlodipine causes low sodium level in blood. I will advise you to change your drug from amlo to betablocker like nicardia For exact dosing you can contact me.
2 people found this helpful

He is having severe back pain .our doctor suggested that to take biopsy and bone marrow by that result they said that he have multiple myeloma so what is the best treatment for that.

Fellowship in Interventional Pain management , Diploma in Anesthesia, DA, MBBS
Pain Management Specialist, Jaipur
Madam for said problem, you are advised to get in regular touch with oncologist as an expert. Otherwise no one has right to say about unwanted opinion.
6 people found this helpful

What is the best diet for multiple myeloma patient whose bones are week hemoglobin is down & now effecting in kidneys creatinine levels is quite high it is 2+ so which foodgrains, fruits & dry fruits to avoid which should be taken as diet?

PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician, Nashik
Eat a high-fiber diet. Get insoluble and soluble fiber. Limit foods that are high in fat. Choose lean meats. Incorporate probiotics into your diet. Eat on schedule. Stay hydrated.
2 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

All About Multiple Myeloma

European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, Fellowship in Bone Marrow Transplant
Oncologist, Faridabad
All About Multiple Myeloma
Multiple myeloma is a type of blood cancer similar to lymphoma and leukemia. Normally, plasma cells make antibodies which are responsible for fighting off infectious diseases. With multiple myeloma, however, they release too much of a protein know...
2127 people found this helpful
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Diploma in Diabetes,MD,MBBS
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