Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Multiple Myeloma - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Multiple Myeloma? Multiple Myeloma Treatment There is an absence of any cures for multiple myeloma but treatment may result in the resumption of almost normal life. Some standard treatments are: Targeted Therapy- Drug treatment has a focus on particular peculiar properties of cancerous cells which allow them to survive. Drugs like bortezomib and carfilzomib initiate results that cause myeloma cells to die. Biological Therapy- Biological therapy uses the immune system of the body in order to fight the cancerous cells. Drugs like lenalidomide, thalidomide and pomalidomide boost the immune system of a particular person. The immune system then identifies and attacks the cancerous cells. Chemotherapy- Chemotherapy drugs destroy cells that are growing too fast including the myeloma cells. Chemotherapy is administered in high doses before transplants of stem cells. Corticosteroids- Dexamethasone and prednisone are some corticosteroids that control body inflammation through the regulation of the immune system. They also attack myeloma cells. Stem cell transplantation- In this procedure diseased bone marrow is replaced by a healthy one. Before the procedure stem cells that form blood are gathered from a person’s blood. Then a person is exposed to chemotherapy in high doses so that the diseased bone marrow is destroyed. Then stem cells are introduced into the patient’s body where they eventually land up in the bones and the bone marrow is built afresh. Radiation Therapy- In radiation therapy, a patient is exposed to energy beams like X-rays with the end of damaging myeloma cells and stunting their growth. Radiation therapy is often put into use to shrink myeloma cells in a particular region of the body. One such example is a tumor medically called a plasmacytoma, formed by abnormal plasma cells. Such tumors may cause immense pain and even may destroy bones.

What is Multiple Myeloma?

Multiple myeloma is a form of cancer that takes place in a plasma cell, a type of white blood cell. The main function of plasma cells is to make antibodies that have the ability of recognition of germs and attacks them. Plasma cells hence aid in fighting infections. When a person has multiple myeloma cancer cells tend to build up in the bone marrow. They soon outnumber healthy blood cells. The cancerous cells begin to produce proteins which result in kidney problems instead of producing antibodies. Multiple myeloma does not always require treatment. In the absence of signs and symptoms treatment is not necessary most of the times.

Multiple Myeloma Treatment There is an absence of any cures for multiple myeloma but treatment may result in the resumption of almost normal life. Some standard treatments are: Targeted Therapy- Drug treatment has a focus on particular peculiar properties of cancerous cells which allow them to survive. Drugs like bortezomib and carfilzomib initiate results that cause myeloma cells to die. Biological Therapy- Biological therapy uses the immune system of the body in order to fight the cancerous cells. Drugs like lenalidomide, thalidomide and pomalidomide boost the immune system of a particular person. The immune system then identifies and attacks the cancerous cells. Chemotherapy- Chemotherapy drugs destroy cells that are growing too fast including the myeloma cells. Chemotherapy is administered in high doses before transplants of stem cells. Corticosteroids- Dexamethasone and prednisone are some corticosteroids that control body inflammation through the regulation of the immune system. They also attack myeloma cells. Stem cell transplantation- In this procedure diseased bone marrow is replaced by a healthy one. Before the procedure stem cells that form blood are gathered from a person’s blood. Then a person is exposed to chemotherapy in high doses so that the diseased bone marrow is destroyed. Then stem cells are introduced into the patient’s body where they eventually land up in the bones and the bone marrow is built afresh. Radiation Therapy- In radiation therapy, a patient is exposed to energy beams like X-rays with the end of damaging myeloma cells and stunting their growth. Radiation therapy is often put into use to shrink myeloma cells in a particular region of the body. One such example is a tumor medically called a plasmacytoma, formed by abnormal plasma cells. Such tumors may cause immense pain and even may destroy bones.

There is an absence of any cures for multiple myeloma but treatment may result in the resumption of almost normal life. Some standard treatments are:

  • Targeted Therapy- Drug treatment has a focus on particular peculiar properties of cancerous cells which allow them to survive. Drugs like bortezomib and carfilzomib initiate results that cause myeloma cells to die.
  • Biological Therapy- Biological therapy uses the immune system of the body in order to fight the cancerous cells. Drugs like lenalidomide, thalidomide and pomalidomide boost the immune system of a particular person. The immune system then identifies and attacks the cancerous cells.
  • Chemotherapy- Chemotherapy drugs destroy cells that are growing too fast including the myeloma cells. Chemotherapy is administered in high doses before transplants of stem cells.
  • Corticosteroids- Dexamethasone and prednisone are some corticosteroids that control body inflammation through the regulation of the immune system. They also attack myeloma cells.
  • Stem cell transplantation- In this procedure diseased bone marrow is replaced by a healthy one. Before the procedure stem cells that form blood are gathered from a person’s blood. Then a person is exposed to chemotherapy in high doses so that the diseased bone marrow is destroyed. Then stem cells are introduced into the patient’s body where they eventually land up in the bones and the bone marrow is built afresh.
  • Radiation Therapy- In radiation therapy, a patient is exposed to energy beams like X-rays with the end of damaging myeloma cells and stunting their growth. Radiation therapy is often put into use to shrink myeloma cells in a particular region of the body. One such example is a tumor medically called a plasmacytoma, formed by abnormal plasma cells. Such tumors may cause immense pain and even may destroy bones.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, My husband was detected with multiple myeloma after 4 cycle of chemotherapy. He under went bone marrow transplant. For 3 years he is under maintenance. Borviz 2 mg injected twice a month. I want to know for how many years borviz can be continued.

Actually the data is for 2 years for the bortezomib maintenance post bone marrow transplant. However it may be continued if there is no toxicity due to same. So would request to discuss with the physician and if there is no toxicity it may be prud...
2 people found this helpful

My mother is suffering from multiple myeloma with acute low sodium level. She is 89 years old. Does Amlo 5 mg will reduce her Sodium level further?

Hi Lybrate User Amlo 5 mg which has amlodipine causes low sodium level in blood. I will advise you to change your drug from amlo to betablocker like nicardia For exact dosing you can contact me.
2 people found this helpful

He is having severe back pain .our doctor suggested that to take biopsy and bone marrow by that result they said that he have multiple myeloma so what is the best treatment for that.

Madam for said problem, you are advised to get in regular touch with oncologist as an expert. Otherwise no one has right to say about unwanted opinion.
6 people found this helpful

What is the best diet for multiple myeloma patient whose bones are week hemoglobin is down & now effecting in kidneys creatinine levels is quite high it is 2+ so which foodgrains, fruits & dry fruits to avoid which should be taken as diet?

Eat a high-fiber diet. Get insoluble and soluble fiber. Limit foods that are high in fat. Choose lean meats. Incorporate probiotics into your diet. Eat on schedule. Stay hydrated.
2 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

All About Multiple Myeloma

All About Multiple Myeloma
Multiple myeloma is a type of blood cancer similar to lymphoma and leukemia. Normally, plasma cells make antibodies which are responsible for fighting off infectious diseases. With multiple myeloma, however, they release too much of a protein know...
2125 people found this helpful

Treatment of Multiple Myeloma

Treatment of Multiple Myeloma
Weekly Bortezomib injections and dexamethasone tablets followed by autologus bone marrow transplant is the treatment of choice.
2 people found this helpful
Play video
Multiple Miscarriages
Tests and Treatments for Multiple Miscarriages Tests and Treatments for Multiple Miscarriages I am doctor Mohan Routh, a practicing Gynecologist for last 27 years and partner of ICPRN Indias 1st Immuno therapy center for treatment of patients with...
Play video
Trigeminal Neuralgia
Hi, I am Dr. Sidharth Verma, Pain Management Specialist. Today I will talk about trigeminal neuralgia. It is also known as the suicide disease. In this patient experience the facial pain. it may also effect inside the mouth. It is important to tre...
Play video
Know About PCOS
Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) or syndrome (PCOS) is a condition where there are multiple cysts in the ovaries and as a result there are several symptoms in various body parts. One of the significant things to note is that there is a strong cor...
Play video
Allergy - Know The Types
Skin allergy is one of the most common complaints in the general population. While the skin has an overall protective function, it also comes in contact with multiple chemicals and substances including pollen, animal dander, environmental pollutan...
Play video
Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD)
PCOD or polycystic Ovary Disorder is one of the most common disorders of hormones among women in the age of reproduction. It is yet not discovered why some women become susceptible to this disease and it is believed to be a genetic disorder. The w...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice