Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Hair Growth: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Hair growth can be hampered due to many reasons. An imbalanced diet without all the vital nutrients, harsh, chemically laced hair products used a little too often, dandruff, split ends, rough hair, and too many hair styling treatments over a short period of time can all drain your hair of its vital oils and nutrients, and hamper hair growth. Fortunately, there are many ways to ensure that your hair continues to grow and look healthy.

The treatments that are designed to enable hair growth need to focus on the individual cause for the lack of growth. For instance, if your hair does not grow due to an abundance of split ends, then it makes sense to treat the split ends. This can be done by either trimming your hair or using products that address the issue.

The market is saturated with a plethora of hair products that can help your hair grow longer, thicker, and much faster. From organic shampoos and conditioners, to the latest hair serums, there isn’t a dearth of treatment options that you can choose from. Hair oils and essential oils have proven themselves against the test of time and are one of the oldest ways to ensure that your hair grows. Once you have determined by it isn’t growing as well as you’d like it to, you can give any of these treatment options a go. Finding the treatment method that suits you the most may take some time but it’s certainly worth the wait.

How is the treatment done?

To start your treatment, you need to first assess your hair’s needs and problems. Begin by first categorizing whether your hair is oily, dry, frizzy, damaged, or filled with split ends in order to treat it properly. If you are unsure of how you can understand your hair better, you can either visit a competent professional at a salon or go to a special hair clinic where medical experts can help guide you better. Once you know what your natural hair type is, and what is causing it to grow insufficiently, you can begin treating it effectively.

One of the most common ways to address any hair care concern is through the shampoos and conditioners that you use. You need to be aware of the kinds of chemicals that are present in the shampoo you use and switch to products that are more organic. This is because chemicals can strip your hair of all its natural oil and even clog the pores in your scalp, making it harder for your hair to grow properly. It is also important not to wash your hair too frequently as you can further strip it of its essential nutrients.

Hair oils can be used an hour before you shampoo or overnight, depending on your preference. They add nutrition to your hair follicles, enabling them to not only look healthier but also grow faster, which is why oiling your hair can be a great way to boost hair growth. Almond, coconut, and amla hair oils are the leading oil types when it comes to hair growth. Others can be used to get rid of dandruff or address any other problems.

Hair serums are usually applied after the hair is washed, and usually on damp hair. They work especially well for hair that has been damaged due to over styling, and can help restore its natural lustre.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you are concerned about the rate at which your hair is growing, then you should seek out treatment to boost its overall health and address any issues you may be facing that could be hampering the growth.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you are underdoing intense medical treatments, such as chemotherapy, then boosting hair growth will be a huge challenge. This is because the chemicals injected into your body during chemotherapy are known to induce hair fall. This is not the right time to make your hair grow.

Are there any side effects?

Using chemically laced products can strip your hair of its essential oils and nutrients. This can lead to dry, rough, and damaged hair.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Hair care is an essential part of the beauty regimen and is something you should focus on for the rest of your life. In order to maintain hair growth, you should continue with the treatments that you are employing.

How long does it take to recover?

It takes about a month for your hair to fully benefit from all the treatments you are giving it, though you may be able to start noticing small changes right from the first application of shampoo or hair oil.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Going to a hair clinic can cost anywhere between Rs 1,500 – Rs. 5,000 per session, depending on where you are going.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

As long as you continue to use products and treatment options that are good for your hair, the results of the treatment will show.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The main home remedy for hair growth is to use oils on a regular basis. You can also make hair masks using ingredients you can find in your kitchen to boost the growth and vitality of your hair. For instance, rinsing your hair with vinegar boosts its growth tremendously. You should also refrain from drying your hair with a towel or rubbing it vigorously with one as it aids in stripping oils from your hair and also facilitates breakage.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs. 1,500 – Rs. 5,000 per session

Popular Health Tips

Hair Transplantation Surgery - Here Is All You Need To Know!

MBBS, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP), Diploma in Practical Dermatology, MRCGP
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Hair Transplantation Surgery - Here Is All You Need To Know!

What is Hair transplantation?

Hair transplantation is a method of Hair restoration surgery used to treat baldness and hair loss. Follicular unit transplantation or FUT is the latest method of Hair restoration surgery whereby follicular units are transplanted from the donor area (i.e. area where there is abundant hair usually in the back of the head) to the recipient area( balding area usually front or top of scalp). The follicular units occur naturally in groups on the scalp and contain 1,2,  3or 4 hairs along with oil glands, nerve and blood vessel bundle and are enveloped by a sheath of tissue.

How many types of hair restoration surgery are available?

Follicular Unit Transplantation or FUT is of 2 types: Strip method and FUE ( follicular unit extraction). They both differ in terms of how the follicular units are harvested. In the strip method of harvesting, the strip bearing the follicular units is removed from the back of the head and this is dissected into individual units under magnification. After the strip is removed, the edges of the skin are sutured. This leaves a scar in the back of the head running from one ear to the other. In the FUE method, the units are harvested directly from the back of the head using a tool that makes punches. There is no scar with this method and the healing time of the wound is quicker.

What factors does the result depend on?

There are several factors that influence who will have better outcome from the transplantation. Not only the method of surgery chosen but factors like hair density, waviness of the hair, colour contrast between the hair and scalp, thickness of the hair, size of the donor area, elasticity of the scalp are all important. Besides this different practitioners have different results, so the skill of the surgeon is also a factor.

What does the surgery involve?

A. In the Strip harvesting method, after the strip is removed, it is sent for dissection to the team of technicians. Meanwhile, the skin is closed with stitches in layers. The surgeon then sits the patient upright and then designs the hairline in the front and on top of the head with a marker pen. After numbing the skin with local anesthetic injections he then makes tiny holes in the areas of balding. The team then starts starts inserting the follicles or grafts into the prepared holes in the recipient area.

In the FUE method , units are removed directly from the back of the head and are trimmed by the technicians. The rest of the steps are similar to that of the strip method.

How many Transplant sessions will I need?

This will depend on the amount of hair loss. Unless it is a small area of balding, usually there will be 2-3 sessions needed.

Will I have a scar?

With the strip method there will be a scar on the back of the head but with improved surgical methods used nowadays, it will be a fine scar. Whilst closing the wound, a Trichophytic type of closure is employed which allows hair to grow through the scar that will camouflage the scar. In the FUE method th,ere is no visible line like scar. There is tina dot like scars from the areas where the punches were taken but this is hardly visible.

What precautions should I take prior to surgery?

  • Make sure you have all your questions and doubts clarified in your consultation with your doctor. Write down on a piece of paper.
  • Get good sleep the night before the surgery
  • Get a cap with adjustable clasp with you on the day of the surgery
  • Arrive on time. Hair transplantation surgery takes plenty of hours, you don’t want to delay the whole team working for you into the late hours of the evening.
  • Wash your hair on the morning of the day of the surgery.

What happens after surgery?

  • You will be given instruction, painkillers and antibiotics by your doctor.
  • Get your hair washed at your doctor’s if you live locally
  • Redness in the donor and recipient area is common and will take time to resolve.
  • Avoid exposing your scalp to the sun too much.
  • Scabs will form and will remain for about 10 days after which they will begin to fall off.
  • Sutures are removed 10 days after the surgery.
  • Over the next few weeks, the hairs will shed . This means that the grafts are in resting phase and will remain so for about 3 months.
  • After this period over the next few months, the hair will start to grow from the grafts.
  • Take pictures regularly to note the developments.
3567 people found this helpful

Thinning Of Hair: Should You Get Your Hormones Checked?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, Certification In Diabetes
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Thinning Of Hair: Should You Get Your Hormones Checked?

Thinning hair, noticeable bald spots, large clumps of hair in the hairbrush or shower drain are indications of hair loss. This loss of hair is an effect of hormonal imbalance.

Have You Seen these Signs of Hair Loss?

  • A widening part of the scalp
  • A ponytail becomes noticeably thinner
  • Large clumps of hair in the hairbrush or shower drain and on your pillow after a night’s sleep

Why does it happen?

  1. Play of Hormones: Hormonal imbalance is seen in women during menopause, perimenopause, pregnancy, and in endocrine disorders, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Progesterone and estrogen are two important female hormones. Progesterone keeps a check on estrogen levels. When progesterone levels are too low, it leads to a state of hyperestrogenism which triggers excessive hair shedding and hair loss. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is a potent form of testosterone that normally leads to hair loss. Women, who produce high levels of male hormones (androgens), have increased testosterone levels which can convert to DHT, leading to hair loss.
  2. Stress: When a woman experiences any stressful condition, her adrenal glands increase the release of cortisol (stress hormone). This leads to secretion of adrenaline which leads to increased levels of testosterone and DHT.
  3. Under or over performing thyroid: An overactive thyroid and lack of sufficient parathyroid hormone can also result in thinning of hair. Accompanying symptoms are fatigue, unexplained weight gain, aching joints, constipation, dry skin, feeling cold all the time, and poor sleep.
  4. Pregnancy and childbirth: Pregnancy and childbirth change a woman’s hormonal balance and can result in hair loss. Therefore, it is normal for postpartum mothers to experience thinning of the hair and even bald patches. Such hair loss is temporary and heals itself within several months.
  5. Menopause: Menopause also leads to hair loss. During menopause, a woman’s estrogen levels fall and are no longer in balance with DHT levels. This low estrogen level and high DHT lead to hair loss.
  6. Nutrient deficiencies: Low levels of certain nutrients within the body, for example, vitamins A, E, and iron may result in hair loss.

How Can You Help Yourself? 

  1. Consume omega 3-fatty acids: Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are kinds of essential fatty acids (EFAs). They increase hair growth. Sources are walnuts, flax seeds, cold-water fish, such as salmon, sardines, herring, and mackerel.
  2. Get plenty of sleep: Lack of sleep causes increased stress levels, higher production of cortisol, and ultimately hair loss. Good amount of sleep will lead to harmonious functioning of the body.
  3. Take dietary and hair supplements to prevent hair loss: Certain supplements can help minimize the production of DHT, prevent DHT from binding to hair follicles, or stimulate inactive follicles to encourage hair growth.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2112 people found this helpful

Hair Regrowth - How Acupressure Can Help You?

Dermatologist, Noida
Hair Regrowth - How Acupressure Can Help You?

All of us desire to flaunt long, voluminous and beautiful hair, but all our efforts are thwarted due to factors that are beyond our control. Many suffer from hair damage and hair fall even after using the best hair care products. There are several anti-hair fall products that are available today, but how effective are they? Hair fall is a deep-rooted common problem and needs the right diagnosis to help treat it. So what is the solution? Acupressure is the answer to your concern and can help you with your hair woes.

What is acupressure and how can it help?
Many people rarely think of alternative medicine when it comes to hair fall treatments, but it can be an effective solution for your problems. Alternative medicine is time-tested and adopted from traditional practices of medicine, and one such treatment is that of acupressure. Popularly used by the Chinese culture, it dates back to decades of years ago. It involves a deep massage of the scalp to prevent hair fall woes. It is just like a hot oil massage and is referred to as the Shiatsu massage. Here are some benefits of acupressure for hair fall:

  • Stimulates blood circulation in the scalp
  • Eradicates toxins including dandruff and dead cells from the scalp
  • Relieves stress that can be a cause of your hair fall problems
  • Improves blood flow and helps nutrients reach to your scalp

Acupressure massage – how is it done?
Acupressure uses various special pressure points, which lie along the meridians or channels in our body. It is believed that the vital energy of life flows through these invisible channels. Out of these, the Paihui Spot located on the head is vital. To boost hair growth, this pressure point is stimulated and rubbed several times during the day, followed by a relaxing head massage. This entire process creates a benign environment for hair growth. Some of the other acupressure points for hair growth is located on the stomach, back and abdomen. These can also be used to alleviate hair fall problem.

Is acupressure safe?
People from all ages can try this except for pregnant women or people who have high blood pressure since it can trigger specific points that can be detrimental. There are no potential side effects of this type of therapy as it is all-natural. Following a good acupressure treatment from a licensed and experienced professional in this field will aid to nurture the scalp from within. Of all the non-conventional ways to treat hair loss, acupressure is probably the most effective method as it does not use any chemicals and is definitely worth a try. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5315 people found this helpful

Alopecia In Men And Women - Causes Of It!

MBBS, DHMS-Harvard, Masters in Clinical Dermatology
Dermatologist, Chandigarh
Alopecia In Men And Women - Causes Of It!

Hair fall is not a problem as long as it is within the healthy range. In fact, as part of a normal cycle of hair growth, a person loses between 50- 100 strands of hair per day. The problem arises when the daily hair fall is more than 200 with little or no hair growth. In some cases, the hair growth may be slower than usual. All these factors may trigger thinning of the scalp, a condition commonly known as Alopecia. In some cases, the situation gets so bad that it results in baldness (both in males and females).

Alopecia can be of two types:

  1. Scarring Alopecia: Here, chances of a hair regrowth is next to impossible as scarring alopecia results in complete destruction of the hair follicles.
  2. Non-Scarring Alopecia: This is less severe with a strong possibility of hair regrowth as non-scarring alopecia does not destroy the hair follicles.

What triggers severe hair fall or Alopecia in men and women?
Hair fall or Alopecia is no longer a problem associated with old age (Diffuse Alopecia). Young adults (both men and women), in their mid 20's and 30's are suffering from Alopecia. While there may be many factors responsible for alopecia, some of the common and critical triggers are

  1. Genetics and hereditary: In some people, Alopecia may be more of a genetic and hereditary problem, a condition that is medically known as Androgenic Alopecia. Androgenic Alopecia can affect all and sundry, irrespective of their age and sex. Androgenic alopecia in males is known as Male Pattern Baldness and in females as Female Pattern Baldness. While the hair fall is rapid and severe, the hair growth is slow. In some cases, the hair follicles cease to grow beyond a certain length, resulting in short hair.
  2. Pregnancy: Many women suffer from a type of alopecia called Telogen Effluvium during their pregnancy. The condition is often a reversible and temporary problem that improves with time. Hormonal changes, stress, fatigue, insomnia and related pregnancy woes may trigger the severe hair fall during pregnancy. Some women also suffer from postpartum hair fall. The trigger here can be an imbalance in the estrogen level, the use of birth control pills, or even stress.
  3. Hormonal Imbalance: Hormonal imbalance can wreak havoc, giving rise to serious health complications with alopecia being one of them. Androgen (male sex hormone) is one such hormone whose imbalance can trigger Alopecia. The elevated levels of Androgen in the hair follicles are known to inhibit the hair growth. Hair loss can also be an outcome of Estrogen (female sex hormone) deficiency. Some women who had their menopause are likely to suffer from Alopecia.
  4. Certain medical conditions such as Alopecia Areata (an Autoimmune disorder that triggers sudden and rapid hair fall with the appearance of bald patches on the scalp), Scalp infections, Dermatological problems ( Lichen Planus, Sarcoidosis), PCOS, Thyroid problems, to name a few, are often responsible for severe hair fall.
  5. Some other factors that may result in alopecia include, excessive use of hair styling products, rapid weight loss, surgery, trauma, or a person undergoing radiation therapy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2680 people found this helpful

Acupuncture Therapy For Hair Regrowth - Can It Really Help?

Dermatologist, Delhi
Acupuncture Therapy For Hair Regrowth - Can It Really Help?

Acupuncture is an ancient Chinese medical technique. The procedure helps return the body’s energy flow to a balanced state as ancient Chinese believed that having stable energy levels can take care of a wide variety of ailments. Though it is widely popular, not many know that acupuncture can be even utilized to treat hair loss conditions. Let us have a glimpse of how effective acupuncture is in treating hair loss.

How can acupuncture help with hair loss?
Hair loss is a condition that commonly occurs due to genetics, followed by certain medications that a person takes in his lifetime. Acupuncture believes that hair is associated and interconnected with other vital parts of the human body such as internal organs and blood. The needles are used to puncture the key points of the head to improve blood circulation and balance of energy. As a result, acupuncture helps in reducing the inflammation of the scalp. This, in turn, can make the hair follicles produce new hair again, thereby, resulting in a healthy hair growth.

The treatment also requires the usage of other herbal medications and ointments. Sometimes a hot towel bath is used for reaping the maximum benefits. In spite of the medical benefits, not many people chose this form of treatment as some people are slightly averse to having their head riddled with needles, even when they are extremely safe. Also, acupuncture is a long-term treatment, and the visible results take time to appear. It requires enormous patience by a person who is undergoing the treatment. But almost all individuals who have undergone this procedure have vouched for it, and they have unanimously approved that using acupuncture has improved their hair growth. It is extremely advisable to consult with a dermatologist before undergoing any procedure, and the same can be said for acupuncture too.

Benefits of using acupuncture

  • One of the biggest advantages of following acupuncture is that it is extremely safe and there are no side effects.
  • There is neither any usage of chemicals that affect the skin nor any surgical treatments in acupuncture.
  • Another very important reason for using acupuncture is that it can be very cost effective against other known methods of treating hair loss.

With so many benefits and a high success rate, using acupuncture in the treatment of hair loss can be worth giving a shot.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5320 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello sir can I use e vitamin capsules which we get in stores for my hair as they say that it helps to grow your hair are there any side effects. I only want to use those capsules for my hair and not for eating is this good.

Dermatologist, Kottayam
Vitamin E is a potent antioxidant, which helps to prevent o idative damge to hair follicle, and helps in their maintainence. If the cause of hair fall is different like hormonal or nutrient defeciency, then it won't be of much help.
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from male pattern baldness heredity. I used minoxidil for long period, initially I got hair, along with that my weight raised to 90 kg from 78. Then I stopped and lost all the new hair. A doctor in a news channel said if the bald area is totally bald then applying a calotropis stem milk will cause rupture on the scalp and behind it a new skin with hair will be generated. Before trying this on me I wanted to ask experts. Does the hair grow if the scalp (skin) is some how ruptured and new scalp (skin) is generated? I wonder if the scalp is some how ruptured and new scalp is generated?

Dermatologist, Chennai
No. Not like that. You are suffering from hormonal changes causing Androgenetic alopecia causing hair fall. It's completely stoppable even regrowth of hair is possible with certain medications without any side effects. Treatment depends on the grade of hair loss. So, it's a must for diagnosing which grade, you are in for an effective treatment. Please send photos of your head, by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.

Sir/mam my hair is falling too much from last 5 months. I'm losing hope. Please help me what should I do to prevent my hair fall. And regrow my hair naturally. My hair is becoming thin day by day. I really don't know from where should I start .also I don't know exactly what is the cause of my hair fall. Please help me. It's a request!

Dermatologist, Chennai
You are suffering from hormonal changes causing Androgenetic alopecia causing hair fall. It's completely stoppable even regrowth of hair is possible with certain medications without any side effects. Treatment depends on the grade of hair loss. So, it's a must for diagnosing which grade, you are in for an effective treatment. Please send photos of your head, by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.

I am 22 years old female .I have rough, dry and freeze split ended hair. I desperately want to increase my hair growth but after some hair growth my hair end splits into more then on end .any treatment or suggestions please?

Dermatologist, Chennai
You are suffering from hormonal changes causing Androgenetic alopecia causing hair fall. It's completely stoppable even regrowth of hair is possible with certain medications without any side effects. Treatment depends on the grade of hair loss. So, it's a must for diagnosing which grade, you are in for an effective treatment. Please send photos of your head, by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.

I have been facing hair thinning and had hair fall due to dandruff and pimple like thing but now somewhat normal. How do I make them strong from roots and thick if naturally .plz help.

BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Sexologist, Hyderabad
Stop dandruff in my hair Just massage 2 tablespoons lemon juice into your scalp and rinse with water. Then stir 1 teaspoon lemon juice into 1 cup water and rinse your hair with it. Repeat this daily until your dandruff disappears. Lemon's acidity helps balance the pH of your scalp, which helps keeps dandruff at bay. Get rid of a pimple Ice - Wrap the ice in a clean soft cotton cloth and place on the pimple for few minutes. Keep on rubbing the ice on the pimple for 5-7 minutes, it will subside a pimple. Then apply toothpaste and let it sit overnight. The next morning wash your face with warm water to see the result.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Hirsutism (Hypertrichosis)
Male Pattern Hair Growth in Females
Play video
Hair Transplant
Hi, I am Dr Anuj Saigal, consultant Dermatologist and a Hair Transplant expert.

Whenever someone thinks of getting Hair transplant done, there are multiple questions that comes to the mind starting from where should I get it done? which technique should I choose? What will be the side effects? What will be the post of period like?

The most commonly encountered type of hair loss thata a practising hair transplant surgeon sees these days is Androgenetic alopecia which is otherwise called as male pattern or female pattern baldness.

Why do we get it?

Apart from the genetic factors, theer are other factors like lifestyle changes, the stress related factors, the diet, exercise, sleeping factors etc all these affect your hair loss.

Coming on to the treatment, there are lot of non-surgical treatments as well as surgical treatments available for treating the hairloss.

The non-surgical treatments include;

Stem cell therapy
Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy (PRP)
Also we have Hair Restoration procedures or Hair Transplantation procedure.
Sometimes people come and ask me, whether "I am a candidate for hair transplant as I am too young" or "too old". So, the answer is yes. Anyone above the age of 18 or 19 till the age of 80-85, depending on the medical conditions, can go ahead for transplantation.

Whenever you visit a consultant plastic surgeon or a dermatologist, ideally first a scalp should be analyzed, certain investigations should be done for you to look into the cause of hairloss. If all is done and you are found to be a candidate for hair transplantation, then another question comes that which technique is suitable?

Your doctor should explain you both the techniques with the benefits and drawbacks of both the techniques. And we choose the technique according to the patient or according to the hair loss he or she is facing.

There are two techniques;

FUE - Follicular Unit Extraction (Punch technique)
FUT - Follicular Unit Transplant (Strip technique)
FUT is usually done for covering larger areas. The donor areas preserved for future settings. The transaction rate is very less because we separate each and every hair follicle under the microscope, taking care of that we don't damage the hair root.

While we talk about FUE, FUE is usually doen for smaller areas. It has other benefits like, it is a stitchless surgery. The post of period is much more comfortable as compared to the FUT technique. Although in FUT is an old techniquen and FUE is a latest technique. It doesn't mean that FUT is out dated. We select the technique acoording to the patient's condition. At times we do both the techniques together if the requirement id more.

How the procedure is done?

Procedure is done under the local anaesthesia. It takes around 7-8 hours to complete the procedure. The harvesting of the follicles is different in both the techniques. In FUT, we take a strip. In FUE, we punch out each and every hair follicle separately whereas the implantation remains the same in both the techniques.

How would be the post of period be like?

You can join your work the next day. We won't recommend any kind of bed rest post procedure. Swelling can be there for 2-3 days, you just need to wear a head band such as a tennis stars wear. BUt the head band is taken off after 2-3 days and the normal shampooing of hair is started. You can take the bath the next day. So, regarding the post of period, it is pretty much comfortable.

Which doctor should I choose? or which centre should I choose?

This is the another question that comes to patient's mind because these days its a big market and everyone is claiming that they are the best. So, in this case,

First check the qualification fo the doctor. The doctor should be a plastic surgeon or a qualified dermatologist with an experince in Hair Transplantation.
Secondly, look at the centre whether that centre has all the facilities required to deal with the emergency which might come up during the procedure.
Thirdly, you should look at the pre-op investigation which doctor has done or not because the Pre-op investigation will cater to what will happen post surgery or during the surgery. If you have been investigated well, nothing wrong is going to happen.
It is very safe and completely painless procedure. Even after the surgery, we will give you pain killers and anti-biotics and you will not face any kind of pain post procedure.
If you have any query regarding hair transplant, you can contact me via Lybrate or you can visit my clinic.

Play video
Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy
Hello everyone, I am Dr Archana Prabhu. I am an Obstetrician and gynaecologist, practicing in MUmbai. Today I will like to discuss about Thyroid Problems.

What is Thyroid?

Thyroid is a small endrocrine gland situated in front of the sound box, in the middle of the neck.

Why is it so important?

The importance of thyroid gland is that it controls our metabolism. It controls the heart rate, skin thickness, texture. It controls our brain, mood, nervous systems, hair and so many other things are controlled by Thyroid. Any thing goes wrong with thyroid. If secretion becomes more, we call it as hyperthyroidism or if secretion become less, we call it as hypothyroidism. THere are problems, out of these problems, 75% of the problems are Hypothyroidism. THat means the secretion through thyroid glands are sub normal. So, I would like to discuss Hypothyroidism.

What happens in Hypothyroidism and how do we come to know that we are suffering from this problem?

Usual problems are;

Excessive weight gain
Sudden weight gain
Swelling in the feet or legs
Dry skin problem
Hair loss
Difficulty in conceoption
Menstrual issues
What happens when patient's thyroid levels are not under control or they are Hypothyroid during pregnancy?

In this case, th baby at its very early stage are exposed to the level of hypothyroidism. There are chances of abortion. In case the pregnancy continues, the baby may develop many complications like, at birth, this baby might be having growth issues i.e, growth retardation.

This baby may have jaundice.
This baby may develop short stretcher
Poor growth
Cardiac issues
The very important part here is that mental development of the baby gets affacted by thyroid level. It has been seen when the baby is exposed to low secretion thyroid level in the early months, they develop mental retardation or low IQ.

I dont think that any of the mother would liek to have this kind of baby, that too because of the small thing which she could have checked and be treated and could easily escape from such a complications. Now, they are certain problems which can go really wrong with the mother also if she has hypothyroidism and the levels are not under control. LIke the blood pressure, she may get into preeclampsia. The mother who is suffering from Hypothyroidism are at risk of developing some kind of cardiac problems.

So, friends the important point here is to check thyroid level in your early month of pregnancy. There are levels which are T3, T4 and TSH. Check thema nd if they are shwoing any kind of abnormality, the tablet is started immediately. It is a very small tablet can be taken anytime empty stomach. Throughout the pregnnacy, every 4-6 weeks we have to keep checking thyroid levels and according to pregnancy month, the levels of thyroid are different for the three trimesters.

We have to keep the levels in that particular level. So the dose adjustment and regular checkup are really important. THis can control teh complications and can save the baby and the mother.

If you need any other information, you can contact me through Lybrate.

Thank you.

Play video
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
Good morning, I m Dr Nidhi Agarwal, I am a consultant gynaecologist, based in Gurgaon. Now today I ll speak on Polycystic Ovarian Disease that is PCOD which is very common in women in recent years.

PCOD actually occurs in young women. They usually present to us with irregularity with their periods. The ovaries in PCOD patients actually become bigger and denser. As the name suggests, poly means many that is many cysts are formed in the ovaries. This lady usually presents with a disruption in the normal menstrual cycle.

Now, what happens in a normal lady who menstruates every month?

There is one egg which is selected by nature which increases in size, and when it becomes bigger and appropriate in size, it is ruptured in the ovary which is then taken up by the Fallopian tube. And if it doesn t meet the sperm and pregnancy doesn t occur, then the lady menstruates. This should happen monthly up to 35 days. In PCOD patients, this natural selection of the egg every month doesn t occur. Instead, many small cysts are formed in the ovaries. So that is why there are many cysts formed in the ovaries, and then the patient does not have normal periods. That is why we say it a Polycystic Ovarian Disease.

Now how does a patient of PCOD present to us?

A patient of PCOD, if she is a young girl in her teens or in the early twenties, she usually comes to us saying that she is not having her monthly periods. She menstruates at one and a half months, two months, two and a half months, and when she menstruates, she usually has excessive bleeding with clots. If a lady is in her late twenties and has got married, and she is not able to conceive, then also the patient presents with the problem in conceiving. Also, there is usually an excess of hormones produced by the ovaries, that is an excess of estrogen as well as androgen which is the male hormones. The lady usually presents with male like pattern of hair growth that is hair growth on her chin on her face, around the nipples of her breasts, in her lower abdomen, especially over her thighs and she says that along with excessive hair growth, she has developed excessive acne and things also appear all over her scalp. These are basically because of an excess of androgens, which are the male hormones. This change in the hormonal value occurs because of Polycystic Ovarian Disease. Also, very often, patients come to us saying that she is gaining weight excessively. A patient comes and says that in the last 5 months, I have gained 10 kgs of weight. So patients usually present to us with symptoms of insulin resistance, in which there is overweight. Now, PCOD has actually become very common and patients who are as small as 11-12 years of age come to me, young girls presenting with PCOD. And the incidence is very very very high; 1 out of 10 women are now having PCOD.
How do tackle this PCOD?

See, there are three criteria which are very important. As I have told you, first is a presentation, that the lady is not ovulating, that is the egg which is formed every month is not released. Instead, multiple eggs multiple cysts form which we call in their ovaries. So, if the ultrasound shows that they are polycystic ovaries if the patient presents to us with less ovulation, or anovulation which we say which occurs when the patient is not having her regular periods, or there are signs of excess androgen that is male hormone with features of hirsutism. Then, out of these three, if two criteria are there in the lady someone is having PCOD.

Very often patients ask me, Why do we, why am I suffering from PCOD? So if you ask me, there is no one particular cause which I can see, that this is the reason you have got. There are so many factors, it could be just genetic- your mother or sister has been suffering from PCOD, then your chances of having PCOD are always higher. There could just be low-grade information in her ovaries, which has disturbed the ovaries to an extent that it is releasing more of male hormones, making them bigger in size and that is causing the ovaries not to ovulate. Or it could just be because of obesity and high insulin levels. Again, because of high insulin in the body, it puts stress on the ovaries and they don t ovulate.

So there are so many causes, you have to investigate the patient, there are a lot of investigations that have to be done and we can come to a diagnosis, it is possible. So, I ll just conclude by saying that PCOD is very very common nowadays.

If you are having problems with your menstrual cycle, if you are gaining weight abnormally, if you have excessive hair growth anywhere which is not expected in females, face acne or hair loss, please do see us, see your local gynecologist, so if there is any problem, it can be sorted out in time. I m Dr Nidhi as I already told you, I am based in Gurgaon, and you can contact me for any queries for PCOD or its treatment at LivWell clinic which is at Galleria Market and also you can contact me through Lybrate.

Thank you.
Play video
Hair Transplant Procedures
Hi, I am Dr PK Talwar. I am a cosmetic surgeon previously at Apollo Hospital, Max Hospital. And currently, I am working in Fortis Hospital, Nehru Place, New Delhi.

Today's topic is Hair transplant. I would like to inform you that for hair loss we have got 2 types of treatment.

First is through medication. To take medicines whatever are prescribed by a dermatologist and try to delay the process. Suppose after taking all the medications, PRP therapy, you lost your hair significantly, then the treatment is Hair transplant.
Hair transplant is the second procedure for hair growth. In this treatment, we take the hair from behind the neck and put them on the balded area. In hair transplant also there are two techniques.
1) One is the strip technique in which the strip of hair is taken from the back of the head and then the follicles are put inside the balded area. In this technique, the scars are left.

2) Second is the Follicle unit extraction which is the latest technique all over the world. In this technique, each single graft is plucked by using the motorised equipment. Each graft consists of 1-2-3-4 follicles. The grafts are plucked from behind and the small holes type are created in the balded area where the same grafts are implanted. The process usually takes 8-10 hours. And the hair which we implant starts to grow after 3-4 months after the procedure. And the full growth may take around 8-9 months. But within 6 months you will find your head full of hair and you will be able to see the drastic changes in your hair growth. The full hair length will some time.

The next question which is frequently asked by the patients is that this implanted hair may also fall. So I would like to answer that this hair usually does not fall. As this is a male pattern baldness which is hormone dependent. The male pattern baldness is the hair loss from the crown area. But we transplant the hair from the back of the head or any other body area where occurs minimum hair loss. If the hair from the back of the head is not available then we take the grafts from the beared, chest, back or anywhere from the body. As the hair from these body parts is not dependent on hormones. So we have not seen any such case of hair loss after this transplantation. It will not last a lifetime but it will last for a quite long time. Throughout the youth, there should not be any problem.

Secondary thing is that usually, patients ask if there is any need to take a medication during the period. The medications are not required to be taken throughout the life but take antibiotics for few days and some medications like mentop or any such things which are usually taken for a year or 2 years. And after that, your hair will be as normal as they were before and you will forget everything. And you will live a normal life as you have overcome from the problem.

If you need any solution or suggestion for such problems, you can contact me through Lybarte for online consultation or book an appointment. Or you can take a direct appointment at my clinic which is in E34, Greater Kailash, New Delhi.

Thank you very much.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice