Diabetic Retinopathy is a condition in which one’s retina gets damaged due to diabetes. It is one of the most prevailing causes of blindness. The longer you have been suffering from diabetes, the higher chance there is of you going through this. Changes in retinal blood vessels are caused due to changes in your blood glucose level. Retinal blood vessels may swell up and leak fluid in the rear of the eye resulting in Diabetic Retinopathy. Laser treatment (photocoagulation) is often used to treat diabetic eye disease. Removal of vitreous gel (vitrectomy) is another way to prevent loss of vision. Injections of anti VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) medicine or anti-inflammatory medicines may also help in shrinking the blood vessels. However, all these treatments must be done before the retina is severely damaged. Only then are they effective in preventing total vision loss.
If you are suffering from diabetes, early and extra cautiousness is recommended to protect yourself. First of all, you must try and keep your sugar levels in control by taking proper diet, insulation and exercising regularly for the well being of your whole body. You must take a dilated eye examination once a year along with regular blood sugar level tests and ketone level tests to be able to identify any kind of danger well in time.
Photocoagulation or laser treatment is done to stop the leakage of blood and fluid in the eye. You must consult a doctor as soon as you sense trouble with your vision. The doctor will treat the abnormal blood vessels with laser burns. It can be treated in one session in your doctor’s eye clinic. In vitrectomy, blood is removed from the middle of your eye (vitreous) by a small incision. The blood from the scar tissue that tugs on the retina is also cleaned up. This surgery is done in hospitals or surgical centres using local anaesthesia.
Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy is not permanent. It may stop or slow down the leakage of fluid and blood but diabetes is a lifelong condition that must be cared for throughout your life. There remains a possibility of Diabetic Eye Disease occurring again at any point of time. You must go through regular eye examinations even after surgery to prevent it.
Diabetic Retinopathy can occur in people suffering from diabetes. If your vision undergoes blurred/ fluctuating sights, empty areas or colour impairment, you must get your eyes checked as soon as possible.
People who do not suffer from diabetic retinopathy are not eligible for the treatment.
Your eyes may be red and sensitive for some time. You may need to wear an eye patch for a few days or weeks. However, there is nothing to be worried about.
You might have to use medicated eye drops for a few weeks to keep infections at bay. One must remember that Diabetic Retinopathy cannot be fully eliminated. There still remain some chances of it occurring again in the future. Therefore, it is advisable to go for a dilated eye examination test at least once a year and keep a check on your sugar levels.
You will probably be allowed to return home after the treatment. The doctor may ask you to stay a night if your condition is a little critical. The doctor may also advise you to wear an eye patch for a few days. It does not take too long to recover if you take proper care.
The treatment varies in price from Rs 60,000 - Rs 80,000
The result of treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy is not permanent. There is a fair chance of this disease rebounding hence, regular checkups are suggested.
Rs 60,000 - Rs 80,000
You know that diabetes is a chronic condition that renders difficulties to the patient in several aspects. A comprehensive care is essential to manage it effectively as the condition can lead to many other diseases including eye diseases.
If you have been diagnosed with diabetic or hypertensive eyes, then it means that your vision has started to deteriorate. But you need not lose hope as it is still possible to remedy the situation. Understanding the issue in detail will help you cope with the situation better.
What are diabetic and hypertensive eyes?
Diabetic eye refers to the complications in the eyes as a result of diabetes. It affects the blood vessels of the retina and hence develop impairment of vision and loss of vision in severe cases. Similarly, hypertensive eye as indicated by the name is the situation where in the eye is affected as a result of hypertension. This is because high blood pressure affects the blood vessels of the retina. It does not allow the retina to function properly and puts pressure on the optic nerve resulting is vision problems.
What are the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy?
Like many conditions of this nature, the early stages of diabetic retinopathy may occur without symptoms and without pain. An actual influence on the vision will not occur until the disease advances. Symptoms may only become noticeable once the disease advances, but the typical symptoms of retinopathy to look out for include:
How to take care of the conditions?
In the conditions of the diabetic eye and hypertensive eye that prime step to take care is to control diabetes and hypertension respectively. By following the prescribed medications for these conditions, the vision problem can be managed. At the same time, some adequate preventive measures are of utmost importance to efficiently and effectively take care of both diabetic eye and hypertensive eye.
Taking care of diabetic eye
First and foremost, you need to keep your diabetes under control and prevent it from being getting into the advanced stage. You should take utmost care to maintain the blood sugar level under control. After that, it is also necessary to keep the blood pressure in the correct range. Also, the cholesterol level in the blood needs to be under control. A proper and balanced diet is essential in this case. Whole grains, green leafy vegetables, fruits and lean protein should be included in the diet. Exercising is also very important to deal with diabetic, and if you are a smoker, you should quit it immediately since it causes problems with the blood vessels.
Taking care of hypertensive eye
You should bring down your blood pressure to the correct level and maintain it. You should consume a diet which contains all the essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals. You should make sure not to do or involve in anything activity that can increase your tension or excite you. Smoking and drinking should be avoided to deal with the hypertensive eyes effectively. You should get yourself adequate and peaceful sleep which will help you to ease out of tension.
It is imperative to consult an ophthalmologist if you notice the classic symptoms of vision problems such as blurry vision, seeing floaters or flashes. If the condition progresses, treatment will involve medications or surgery depending on the severity of the condition. Hence, the best way to avoid such complications is to maintain a healthy lifestyle to take due care of your eyes.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Diabulimia is an eating disorder often associated with Type-1 Diabetes. Also referred to as ED-DMT1, not many people are aware of this non-clinical term. It is a well known fact that many people with Type-1 diabetes require the daily administration of insulin. In the case of Diabulimia, a person having Type-1 diabetes purposely manipulates with the insulin dosage in an endeavour to lose weight. In some extreme cases, a person may completely avoid the use of insulin.
You need no rocket science to understand the impact diabulimia will have on a diabetic patient (Type-1) who is entirely dependent on insulin. Some of the lethal consequences of diabulimia include
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Before you go through this, just close your eyes for a few seconds and ponder how your life would be if you are unable to see? Pathetic isn’t it? Eyes are one of the greatest gifts from the almighty, and it is your sole responsibility to protect them and keep in optimal health so that you too can keep on enjoying the beauty of nature.
Sometimes people are too lazy to go for an eye checkup when there is absolutely no vision problem and in other cases, people just don’t feel it is important to go for an eye checkup once in a year. However, routine eye exams are crucial for every person regardless of the age, gender, origin or habits. It is not just for individuals with poor eyesight but for everyone with or without eye problems. Here are the top reasons why you must be paying a visit to an ophthalmologist.
And it goes without saying that vision loss cannot be reversed. But in case you visit your ophthalmologist regularly from an early age, vision loss can be prevented or at least slowed down.
Also termed as diabetic eye disease, this is a disease in which the retina gets damaged due to diabetes. This usually leads to blindness. In most cases, as inferred from various studies, this affects people who have had diabetes for more than 20 years. Diabetic retinopathy can also be a problem for women during pregnancy. With proper monitoring and treatment, this disease can be cured. One major way to prevent this disease could be by regulating diabetes.
Signs and symptoms
Like many other eye disorders, this too has no warning signs. However, in general, people with macular edema are likely to have blurred vision, making it hard for the individuals to carry out tasks like driving and reading. In most cases, if not treated, the situations may worsen with time.
Stages of disorder
The retina is the third and innermost layer of the eye that catches light and helps us focus on things so that we can see clearly. This is one of the most important parts of the eye. The retina is made up of a number of light sensitive cells that are connected to nerve fibres. These nerve fibres help in transmitting the light into imagery through neuro impulses that reach the brain. There are many conditions and diseases that can affect this part of the eye.
Read on to know more.