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Last Updated: Oct 31, 2019
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Blindness: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is Blindness? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is Blindness?

Blindness can also be called as anopsiastar, purblindnessstar, typhlosisstar, presbyopia et cetera in medical terms.

How is the treatment done?

Blindness is the state of visual impairment with complete loss of vision. The person becomes sightless and hence is unable to see. A blind person is unable to distinguish between darkness and light as both his eyes have lost the power of minimal vision.

There can be many causes of blindness which differ on the basis of the socioeconomic condition of the nation. One of the leading causes of blindness include ocular complications of diabetes, macular degeneration, glaucoma, and traumatic injuries. Trachoma, onchocerciasis (river blindness), and leprosy constitute infectious causes of blindness. Several other causes of blindness are vitamin A deficiency, retinopathy of prematurity, blood vessel diseases which also involve the retina or optic nerve including stroke, ocular inflammatory disease, infectious diseases of the cornea or retina, primary or secondary malignancies of the eye, retinitis pigmentosa, congenital abnormalities, chemical poisoning from toxic agents such as methanol. Blindness sometimes can be caused as the hereditary diseases of the eye.

The most obvious symptom of blindness is visual impairment or permanent loss of vision. Other associated symptoms may be present, such as, discomfort in the eyes, awareness of the eyes, foreign body sensation, and pain in the eyes or discharge from the eyes. These occurrences depend on the underlying cause of the blindness.

The treatment of visual impairment or blindness depends on the underlying cause of it. People who have poor vision as a result of a refractive error, can be given glasses which will alleviate the problem. Nutritional causes which result into blindness can be addressed by dietary changes. There are millions of people in the world who go blind due to cataracts in the eyes. In these patients, cataract surgery can help in restoring their sight. Inflammatory and infectious causes of blindness can be treated with medication in the form of drops or pills. People who lost vision as a result of corneal scarring can be cured by a corneal transplantation.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Diagnosis of blindness includes testing each eye individually and by measuring the visual acuity and the visual field, or peripheral vision by ophthalmologists. Patients may have blindness either in one eye (unilateral blindness) or both eyes (bilateral blindness). In case of hereditary blindness, historical information regarding the blindness can be helpful in diagnosing the cause of blindness. Temporary blindness differs in cause from permanent blindness. Visual field testing involves the patient to look straight ahead at a device while lights in peripheral vision are flashed on and off. The patients are asked to respond by pressing a button every time they see a light. This helps to show any gaps in their field of vision. Visual acuity test requires a person to be able to read letters on the Snellen chart.

Treatment of blindness depends on the underlying cause of the problem. People who go blind due to glaucoma should be treated with eye drops and tablets to clear the eyes and provide vision again. Surgical operations may also be done to cure this. Another method of treatment is to do laser treatment. For corneal ulcers which make people blind, patients should use eye drops and dark goggles to keep the eyes clean and free from dust, and foreign particles. Eyes should be given complete rest by mydriatics. Local steroid eye drops and ointments, cycloplegics, systemic steroids, ocular anti–hypertensive drugs are used to treat blindness of the iritis. Eye ointments like Tetracycline or Erythromycin can be used to treat blindness caused by trachoma. Retinopathy involves the treatment of complication, control of diabetes & hypertension. Night blindness can be treated with increases consumption of vitamin A. Corneal Opacity can be treated with surgery which is known as keratoplasty.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People should immediately consult a doctor when they face problems with vision. Any symptoms of visual impairment such as blurring of sight, inability to see far or near et cetera should be attended by a doctor at the earliest. Blindness or complete absence of vision can affect people to a great extent and hamper their daily lives. They should consult a doctor to seek medical help and care for a cure to this disease.

Are there any side effects?

People with normal eye sight do not need to visit doctors for any medical treatment. People with proper vision, of both and far, within optical reach can lead a normal life without the need for glasses. If there are no issues with the eyes and no symptoms of going blind, people can refrain from any medical help.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are no known side effects of the treatment of blindness. If the surgical operations and treatments are carried out carefully, with harming any part of the eye, then people can be cured from blindness. People may face watery eyes for some days post treatment, but this goes away soon.

How long does it take to recover?

After treatment, people may take some time to adjust to light and visuals. They should first be exposed to low light and then slowly to higher amounts of light. This is done to prevent the retina from damage due to sudden exposure to a huge amount of light after a period of complete darkness. Post treatment, patients should completely follow doctor’s prescription and advices. They should use sun glasses to protect their eyes from the harmful rays and dust particles. Keeping eyes cleaned and seeing green color for a stretch can help in getting better visual capability soon. Also if blindness was caused as a result of any other associated disease, then special care must be taken to prevent recurrence of the disease again.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Blindness from birth can be difficult to cure. But people who go blind due to some other causes or at a later stages of life can be treated and sight can be brought back. Surgical operations and other treatments can cure blindness in less time. Post surgery, people may take around two or three days after which they can start seeing objects with full vision. Their vision improves given time and proper care. Complete recovery may take around a month time.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Treatment of blindness and other eye related problems involve one of the most expensive treatments in the world. A recent breakthrough which is known as genetic treatment to cure blindness will cost a huge amount per patient. In general, surgical operations and treatments cost around Rs 50,000- Rs. 10,00,000.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Mostly, the treatment of blindness is usually permanent. Blindness is now a curable disease if there are no severe complications. People can enhance their vision with improved diet, exercises and care.

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir/ madam I am sekhar. I have dysthymia, anxiety disorder, moderate mania, l5-s1, slipped disc, urge incontinence (overactivebladder) chronic fatigue syndrome. Last 18 years I tired so many medicines 3 months due to I discontinued medicines. I am severe lazy and very severe procrastinate. Last 6 months back psychiatrist gave me tab duloxetine20 mg, tab olanzapine 5 mg, divalproex sodium500. For 20 days. I take these medicines now. Due to corona situation I don't want to consult psychiatrist. How continue and increase dosages. I am a pharmacist. Age 40 years. Can I take lamictal instead of divalproex sodium. Quetiapine or olanzapine which is the beat for me.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Post Graduate Diploma in Mental Health (PGDMH), Diploma in Clinical Psychiatry, (DCP), Member of College of Psychiatrists,Ireland, (MCPsychI), Master of Psychiatry - MPSY
Psychiatrist, Dehradun
Dear sekhar, what are your current dosages of psychotropics and the clear indication of each? What are your current active symptoms, though it is understandable that you have bipolar disorder but what type, I don’t know yet. As being a pharmacis...

I was diagnosed with ocd, I was judging feelings emotions whether it comes or not or whether I am feeling emotions or not like anger, sadness, happiness, excitement and kisses and after that I was diagnosed with body dysmorphic disorder and suffering from 1 yr+ but. I was so negative that I was suffering from dry eyes and conjunctivitis and have a feeling that I will lost my eyes and optic nerve will get damaged and my hand was injured but when I was in pain I felt like doctor will not be able to cure it they will cut it to save my life but in 20 dec 2020 I got an article about post finasteride syndrome, here my night mare starts I am a prone masturbation I masturbate each day 3 times minimum with no pleasure but unable to stop it even during my depression period, I was worried about my orthodox type masturbation, but here doctor you also need to know about my finasteride journey 2 years ago I took finasteride but I wasn't aware of the side effects but somehow came to know about erectile dysfunction and after that I was aware that when my erection will happen after 4 days I stopped it and after few days I started from 0.5 mg but again side effects occurred stopped it immediately and that erection again become normal, this all happened in march 2019 and I remembered I was fascinated about sex and was fascinated about some girls for sex of my area but after that in starting of june ,i kissed my girlfriend and felt the kiss again I masturbated at home thinking about the kiss and a thought came I will never enjoy the kiss I became worried about her but after two days I again romanced her and felt every bit of it but after coming home again, and because of my love life my study was affected a lot I had two options that whether I have to study or love my gf all the time that day an illogical thought came to my mind that if I will study I will lose the feeling for my gf and that happened and I lost the excitement for her and became anxious about that and searched on internet that how to bring back the excitement or feeling for girlfriend again, I stopped going to college, I thought kissing her will do the job I kissed her but there was no feeling at all I tried so hard to feel the kiss but that feeling wasn't coming so from that I went to a psychiatrist and he diagnosed me with ocd and after 3 months my gf breakup with me ,i thought she might have left me due to my poor ugly face, I again diagnosed with body dysmorphic and suffered from sep 2019 to 2020 I made 1000 of videos of my face in phone and thought that my face bony structure is changed significantly and it is irreversible, I was still depressed and masturbating everyday fantasizing my gf with no pleasure but the real night mare starts when I got to know about post finasteride syndrome and have a strong feelings that my sexual libido is decreased by finasteride and it's irreversible but I remember that 2 years before when I took finasteride, the side effects happened and disappeared after stopping and after side effects gone I used to fantasize a lot about sex had that increased libido and there are 2-4 girls I was fascinated about sex about them but that memories now seem fake to me I know I was fascinated about sex about the girls even after side effects disappeared but still I am worried by just saying to myself that memories are fake that is my self made memory my doctor prescribed me d veniz and oxcarb 150 and 300 after listening this, but I know I am not a patient of post finasteride syndrome bcoz side effects did disappeared after stopping the medicines but still unable to cope with it, now I am searching for proofs that my sexual libido was high after side effects disappeared by searching my browsing history because my ocd started june 2019 and I took finasteride in march 5 2019 for 5 days till 10 march 2019 and due to side effects I stopped because I used to watch porn in mobile and my side effects disappeared there will be no day that I never watched porn and was enjoying that, bcoz I am a bit worried person in all aspects, so if in 2019 march during finasteride side effects if it really lingered then why I didn't complain about this to the psychiatrist in 2019, I know this is a self made problem and also know finasteride is quite safe only 2 percent of people face side effects and side effects also disappears after stopping it so I know the facts but still confused about past memories that are the proofs that my libido didn't affected by the side effects ,bcoz I was enjoying porn that time, please help any psychiatrist should I take d veniz or not bcoz today I masturbated twice in 1 hour but I got erection but masturbated by laying on floor I am afraid that the medicine will affect my erection and I have to wait for erection and take after that.

MSc COUNSELLING AND PSYCHOTHERAPY, B.A Psychology, Sociology and English Literature
Psychologist, Hyderabad
Dear Lybrate user, in agreement with the doctors above, I think counselling or therapy really will help. Especially cognitive behaviour therapy for your thoughts, to help you manage them. If you need help you can contact me or any other therapist ...

Am 18 years old girl and am suffering from pcos problem can I take punarnava and what should I take powder, capsule, pills or liquid of punarnava please tell me.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), Fellowship in Infertility, Fellowship in Laparoscopy
Gynaecologist, Nagpur
Lifestyle modification is the treatment for pcos you have to excersize regularly til it sweats for the hormones to make balance. Rest you can try apcod sachet daily for 3 months.

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