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Benefits of Cumin (Jeera) Seeds And Its Side Effects

Last Updated: Aug 27, 2020

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Indian Kitchen without cumin seed is next to impossible. Using cumin flavor in Indian recipe is a trend, that is followed for ages. Cumin seeds is a fruit of cumin herb. In India, you will hardly find people who don’t love the tinge flavor of cumin seeds in their food. The cumin seed is acclaimed for its aroma and flavor that it adds to every dish. In addition to benefits, there are various side-effects that are associated with over-consumption of seeds.

Let check out the benefits of consuming cumin seeds. Even drinking cumin seeds water can be beneficial for skin care, digestion problems, immunity booster, acidity problem, and kidney stones and piles issues.

What is Cumin (Jeera) Seeds?

Cumin seeds are native to Asia. They are also called caraway, jeera, shahi jeera, kala jeera, apiumcarvi, haravi, semences de carvi, and krishnajraka roman cumin among others. It is indeed a fruit but once dried becomes a seed. It is a valued spice in India, as there are many medical benefits attached to it like flatulence, dyspepsia, and digestive condition. Including cumin to your spice cabinet helps in fighting infections and prevents chronic disease. Cumin seeds is highly rich in calcium, magnesium, iron, and is also an antioxidant.

Nutritional Value of Cumin (Jeera) per 100gm

Let check out cumin seeds nutritional benefits, 2 tablespoon of cumin is enough to add flavor to your dishes. Various nutrients that are present in cumin seeds are Energy (375Kcal per 100grams), Carbohydrates (44,24g per 100grams), Proteins (17,8g per100grams), Fat (22.7g per 100grams), Dietary Fiber (10.5per 100grams), Vitamins like folate (10 µg per 100 grams), Niacin (4.58mg per 100grams), Pyridoxine (0.435mg per 100 grams), Riboflavin (0.32mg per 100grams), Thiamin (0.628mg per 100grams), Vitamin A (1270IU per 100grams),Vitamin C (7.7mg per 100grams), Vitamin E (3.3mg per 100grams), Vitamin K (5.4 µg per 100 grams). Cumin seeds also contains Sodium (1788mg per 100 grams), Potassium (68mg per 100grams). Among minerals it contains Calcium (931mg per 100grams), Copper (0.867mg per 100 grams), Iron (66.36mg per 100grams), Magnesium (366mg per 100 grams), Manganese (3,3mg per100grams), Phosphorous (499mg per 100 grams), and Zinc (4.8mg per 100 grams). Among python nutrients, it contains Carotene-ß (762 µg per 100 grams), and Lutein-zeaxanthin (448 µg per 100 grams).

Nutritional facts Per 100 grams in Cumin Seeds

22 g
Total Fat
168 mg
1,788 mg
44 g
Total Carbohydrate
18 g

Vitamins and Minerals in Cumin Seeds

25 %
Vitamin A
12 %
Vitamin C
368 %
20 %
Vitamin B-6
91 %

Health Benefits of Cumin (Jeera) Seeds

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Mentioned below are the best health benefits of Cumin (Jeera). You can consume cumin seeds to get all these advantages. Let check out health benefits of drinking cumin seed water.

Cumin seeds for piles treatment

The main reason of hemorrhoids or piles is constipation added with infections in the anal tract due to wound that is primarily caused because of constipation. Since carminative and dietary fiber content is present in cumin seeds and it also has antimicrobial, antifungal, and stimulating properties, it serves as natural laxative.

Therefore, if you add cumin seeds to your diet it helps healing of wounds or infections in excretory and digestive systems and also speeds up your digestion level. This means that will clear up all the causes and symptoms of piles.

Cumin seeds benefits for digestion

Cumin seeds are very helpful for digestion and problems related to it. The aroma which is extracted from the presence of an organic compound named Cuminaldehyde immediately activates all the important salivary glands, which helps in facilitating the digestion of food. Cumin seeds good for digestion, another essential compound which is present in cumin seed is thymol, which helps in stimulating the glands that secrets bile, enzymes, acids which are entirely responsible for the digestion of food in the intestines and the stomach.

Cumin seeds benefits insomnia

Black cumin seeds good for sleep, unique property of cumin seed. Studies have proven that the intake of vitamin B-complex present in cumin seed is enough to have a sound sleep,. Since it helps in both in treating insomnia. Having said that; some components present in black cumin seed oil are actually hypnotic in nature and also have some tranquilizing effects. It in turn helps in relieving anxiety and stress that are the leading cause of insomnia.

Clack cumin seed for asthma patient

The presence of highly rich aromatic oils and caffeine makes cumin seed one of the best options ,for people who suffer from major respiratory problems such as bronchitis and asthma. Black cumin seed oil benefits for asthma it helps in elimination of phlegm and mucus and thus treats respiratory problems.

Cold pressed black cumin seed oil benefits

Viral infection leads to common cold and such a condition bothers our immune system, that makes it vulnerable and weak. The presence of rich oils in cumin seeds act as disinfectants and in turn, helps in fighting viral fever, that is the primary cause of common cold.

Black cumin seeds for lactation

Since cumin seeds contains a significant amount of iron, thus it is a must for women who are having menses or women who are pregnant, as they need more iron. Thus for lactating mothers consuming cumin could benefit a lot.

Cumin seeds good for anemia treatment

Cumin seeds is a good source of iron, as it contains around 66grams of iron per 100 grams, that is more than five times required by an adult daily. Since iron is the main component of hemoglobin present in RBC, it is responsible for transferring oxygen to the cells, and deficiency of this is the main cause of anemia. Thus adding cumin seeds in your daily meal will help fight the symptoms of anemia.

Cumin Seeds Lowers Cognitive Disorders

The significance of iron present in cumin seeds helps in increasing the production of hemoglobin which eventually prevents anemia. Having said that increased blood flow has various other benefits as well. If blood circulation speed is high, the required amount of oxygen reaches the brain and the organs subsequently help in optimal performance of body systems.

When the adequate amount of iron and oxygen reaches the brain, it increases cognitive performance and thus helps in curing cognitive disorders such as dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

Cumin seed oil in skin care

Like every other herb, cumin too contains an adequate amount of Vitamin E which is very helpful for skin. Thus daily consumption of cumin seeds helps in keeping skin young and also glowing.

Cumin seed oil for boils

Removal of regular toxic substances from the body is of utmost importance. The presence of components present in cumin seeds like phosphorus and thymol helps in detoxifying toxic substances and removes toxins through the excretory medium. Thus cumin seeds helps in treating boils.

Cumin seed for immune system

Presence of iron, Vitamin A and Vitamin C in cumin seeds boosts your immune system in various ways.

Cumin seeds benefits diabetes patients

Like various other spices, cumin seeds also helps in declining the hypoglycemia and diabetes. Thus consuming cumin seed can be powerful weapon in battling this massive problem.

Uses of Cumin (Jeera) Seeds

Adding two tablespoons of cumin seeds with fenugreek powder, make fenugreek tastes sweet. Adding with red pepper flakes makes it spicier. Adding it to cloves powder, ground cardamom, turmeric root and coriander among others can add up to your flavor in vegetables, meats, and chicken. It is regularly used in the preparation of homemade spice blends.


Cumin (Jeera) Side-Effects & Allergies

In addition to several medical benefits, it has various side effects as well. Though it has gas-relieving properties, if consumed in higher quantity it can cause some of the most common gastric and digestive problems like heartburn and belching. The presence of oil in cumin is volatile and an overdose of cumin, in the long run, can damage the kidney and liver. Therefore, consumption of cumin has to be moderate. It should be taken with caution, as it has some narcotic properties.

Over consumption of cumin can result in drowsiness, nausea, and mental clouding among others. It is advisable for women to consume it in limited quantity, otherwise it leads to heavy bleeding during menstruation. It is essential to maintain blood sugar levels, but cumin intake consumed in large quantity, can lower your blood sugar level.

If you’re heading for surgery, its advisable to stop consuming cumin at least two weeks before any major surgery. If consumed in large quantity, it can harm more than it can do good. For lactating mothers, it can also lower the production of milk, if not consumed in moderate quantity.

Origin And Cultivation of Cumin (Jeera)

Cumin also known as Jeera is one of the most common species in India. It is believed to have originated from the Mediterranean region of Europe to India. Cumin is a 5000-year-old spice and was primarily found in Egypt. Today, Cumin is majorly found in Asia, the Middle East, Europe and North Africa. India is the largest producer of Jeera in the world.

Cumin grows really well in the subtropical and tropical climate region. Although this spice can be cultivated in any type of soil, sandy loamy soils are considered the best to grow cumin. The temperature required is between 9 degrees to 26 degrees whereas the annual rainfall should be 30-270 cm to cultivate cumin.


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    Written ByDrx Hina FirdousPhD (Pharmacology) Pursuing, M.Pharma (Pharmacology), B.Pharma - Certificate in Nutrition and Child CarePharmacology
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    Reviewed ByDt. Ms. Shilpa MarwahB.Sc (Home Science), Post Graduation Diploma in Dietetics and Public Health NutritionDietitian/Nutritionist

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