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Neonatal Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Test

Neonatal Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Test

A hemoglobin electrophoresis test helps measuring different types of hemoglobin in the bloodstream. Hemoglobin comes in many molecular forms, some normal and some abnormal. While the normal hemoglobin carries and releases oxygen efficiently, the abnormal hemoglobin doesn't. The electrophoresis process is based on the fact that hemoglobin types have different electrical charges. During the process, an electrical current is allowed to pass through the hemoglobin in a blood sample, causing the hemoglobin types to separate at different rates and form bands. By comparing the pattern formed with that of a normal blood sample, doctors can see and understand the types and quantities of hemoglobin present in the blood sample.

Usually, the blood test is performed when a baby is 24 to 48 hours old. The timing is important as certain conditions cannot be detected if the blood sample is drawn before 24 hours after birth. If the blood is drawn after 48 hours, the delay could be life-threatening in providing emergency care to an infant that has the condition. Sometimes a second newborn screen will be required when the babies are two weeks old in order to maintain most accurate results

Hemoglobin electrophoresis help diagnosing diseases (called hemoglobinopathies) involving abnormal hemoglobin production, such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia. Test is advised by a doctor when a child has family history of a hemoglobinopathy or is found to have anemia that isn't due to a more common cause, such as iron deficiency. Hemoglobin electrophoresis is done as part of a series of newborn screening blood tests, primarily so that kids with sickle cell anemia can be diagnosed, monitored, and treated early to prevent potentially life-threatening complications.

The physician or other trained member of the hospital/laboratory staff fill out a newborn screening card. The card has two parts of which one part is a filter paper to collect the baby’s blood sample and the other part is for important information for the lab performing the screen, including the baby’s name, sex, weight, date and time of birth, date/time of first feeding date/time of heel stick collection etc. During the blood test (heel stick) the baby’s heel will be pricked to collect the required small sample of blood. Parents can hold their baby while the heel stick is performed.

Type Gender Age-Group Value
Neonatal Haemoglobin Electrophoresis Blood for Haemoglobin
All age groups
The observations vary based on the type of Hemoglobin
Average price range of the test is between Rs.875 to Rs.875 depending on the factors of city, quality and availablity.

Table of Content

What is Neonatal Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Test?
Preparation for Neonatal Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Test
Uses of Neonatal Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Test
Procedure for Neonatal Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Test
Normal values for Neonatal Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Test
Price for Neonatal Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Test
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Popular Questions & Answers

My mom's iron 15 and hemoglobin 6.9 and Ra factor 739 what should I do please tell me.

My mom's iron 15 and hemoglobin 6.9 and Ra factor 739 what should I do please tell me.
Hello, Her haemoglobin level is below than the normal with raised RA factor causing join pain with fatigue. She needs to take plenty of water to hydrate her body to eliminate toxins. Tk, apples, spinach, pomegranate, milk to raise haemoglobin level. Go for meditation to reduce her stress and to add plenty of Oxygen to Iron to raise Hb% reducing RA factor. Her diet be regular, easily digestible on time to check gastric disorder. Tk, homoeopathic medicine:@ Ferrum met 30-6 pills, thrice. Avoid, junk food. Tk, care.

I am 20 years old. My hairs from all over the head falling in very huge amount. Now very less hairs remain on my head. I want to regrow my hairs and stop hair fall. Lots of hair falls while bathing, combing. Please suggest some bestest suggestions so I grow my hairs again. Plzzzzzzzzzzz. I am so tired.

I am 20 years old. My hairs from all over the head falling in very huge amount. Now very less hairs remain on my head...
Hairfall could be because of many reasons: 1. Low Haemoglobin 2. Improper diet. 3. Change of place 4. Post child birth. 5. Thyroid 6. Constipation Don't worry I will help you. Please mention since how long you are suffering from this problem and what kind of lifestyle do you have? You can also consult me on Private consultation.
3 people found this helpful

I am facing menstrual disorder its being almost one month no periods yet wat else may b d reason n bfre this month I used to hab early menstrual period n it used to stop in maximum 3 days last.

I am facing menstrual disorder its being almost one month no periods yet wat else may b d reason n bfre this month I ...
It depends on what your age/weight is. It also depends on your Haemoglobin levels. If it has happened only once ignore it but if it happens repeatedly you need to get yourself diagnosed. Likely reasons could be Anemia, PCOD, Pregnancy, Hypothyroidism and other hormonal changes.

Hi I am 20 years old I am experiencing left sided neck and shoulder pain going behind my collarbone sometimes It starts after physical activity or exercise and is more on inspiration My ear has a burning sensation too What should I do?

Hi I am 20 years old I am experiencing left sided neck and shoulder pain going behind my collarbone sometimes It star...
already you are asthmatic then also you go and check the haemoglobin level of blood as well the proper weight of your body. go for blood pressur and ecg.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

5 Ways To Treat testosterone deficiency!

5 Ways To Treat testosterone deficiency!

Testosterone is a hormone, which grows the most effective at the time of your puberty. This is the main substance, which helps you to grow your chest hair, then helps to deepen your voice, boosts the growth of your penis and helps to build up your muscle.

After a certain point of age, most of the men start experiencing a decline in testosterone. If you are not being sexually aroused then the lack of testosterone can be one reason. A large number of men erroneously believe that their lack of sex drive is accompanied by their old age.

Some possible causes for testosterone deficiency may include:

  • Infection, injury or problems in the testicles.

  • Chemotherapy or radiation to cure cancer.

  • Genetic abnormalities.

  • Dysfunction in the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.

  • Inflammatory disease in the lungs or heart.

  • Certain effects of medication.

  • Alcoholism.

  • Abnormal obesity.

The testosterone deficiency can lead a man to a plethora of different sexual problems. The production of hormone is connected to your brain and inadequate testosterone can cause many problems, which may include:

  1. Loss of sex drive.

  2. Feeling ill and low on confidence.

  3. Difficulty concentrating.

  4. Muscle mass decrease.

  5. Decreased haemoglobin and anaemia.

  6. Fragile bones.

  7. Loss of body hair.

The proper way to detect testosterone deficiency problem is to measure the level of testosterone in your blood.

Some treatments of testosterone deficiency may include:

  1. Injecting intramuscular medicine can help you achieve higher levels of testosterone. This can be given anywhere on your muscle with a gap of two to 10 weeks.

  2. Application of testosterone gel especially inside your nose can lower the problem.

  3. Application of muco-adhesive material on your gum two times a day.

  4. Applying subcutaneous pellet.

  5. Application of testosterone stick, you should apply it on your underarms like a deodorant.

The treatments for testosterone deficiency come with many disadvantages too. As such, consult a doctor before indulging yourself into any kind of treatment. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Sexologist.

3099 people found this helpful

Anemia (Low Haemoglobin)

Anemia (Low Haemoglobin)

If you have anemia, your blood does not carry enough oxygen to the rest of your body. The most common cause of anemia is not having enough iron. Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that gives the red color to blood. It carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body.

Anemia has three main causes: blood loss, lack of red blood cell production, and high rates of red blood cell destruction.

Conditions that may lead to anemia include

Anemia can make you feel tired, cold, dizzy, and irritable. You may be short of breath or have a headache.

Your doctor will diagnose anemia with a physical exam and blood tests. Treatment depends on the kind of anemia you have.

1 person found this helpful

Foods That Increase Low Platelet Count!

Foods That Increase Low Platelet Count!

1. Anar (Pomegranate): It is rich in iron and also contains vitamins. This fruit help to combat increasing platelet reduction with regular consumption & vitamins keep your energy levels steady.

2. Milk : It it has high calcium which helps to regenerate the platelet. Calcium content with vitamin K and milk protein “Fibrinogen” increases the Platelet count and improves the blood;s ability to form the clot. Calcium Deficiency can lead to your body much longer time in forming clot .

3. Folate Rich Food : Folate or B9 is essential for healthy cell division in the body. Sever deficiency of   folate in body can result reduction in Blood Platelet. Daily intake of Folate is 400 mg is required. When platelet count is low it’s consumption increases the platelet count. Food rich in Folate are Asparagus, Orange juice,Spinach and fortified cereals.

4. Lean Proteins: Lean proteins food are excellent source of Zinc and Vitamin 12 which are essential to reverse the effects of thombocytopenia. In case of reduced platelet count take food like soyabean, spinach (Palak), blackbeans, cow’s milk, white of egg, Oatmeal, Fish and white meat chicken.

5. Papaya: Extract of leaf of papaya is excellent for overall blood production and increases the platelet count (Prepare extract of leaves by boiling leaves in medium heat for 15 minutes with water and wait till the water simms down to half ). Take leaf extract 2tsf twice daily.

6. Cod Liver Oil and Flax Seed Oil: These oils strengthen the Immune system many autoimmune disorders are cause of thrombocytopenia or low platelet count. These oils reduce the inflammation of in the body and improve the blood circulation throughout the body.

7. Vitamin A Rich Food: Vitamin A is essential for healthy platelet production, it also plays role in formation of Protein in body which helps in the process of cell division and growth. Carrot, Pumpkin, Kale and Sweet Potatoes (Sakarkandi).

8. Chlorophyll from Wheat grass: Wheat grass juice contains 70% of chlorophyll (The Plant Haemoglobin) have strong effect in overall blood production and increases the platelet count. Take ½ cup per day.

9. Vitamin K Rich Food: Vitamin K keeps cell growth at optimum level in the body. Life of platelets is only 10 days which is to be compensated continually to maintain te lost amount in the body, hence high calorie food for ideal production of blood platelets and vitamin K is one of the ingredient available in Eggs, Green leafy vegetables, Kale, Frozen Spinach, Mustard Greens Broccoli & Liver.

10. Macrobiotic Diet: To combat Thrombocytopenia in patients an vital anti inflammatory diet is recommended by Platelet Disorder Association which help in optimum blood production e.g. Whole grains, vegetables and organic beans is recommended while animal protein is to be avoided except Fish Yogurt & cheese.

19 people found this helpful

Jaggery (Gur) - 8 Amazing Reasons Why You Must Eat It!

Jaggery (Gur) - 8 Amazing Reasons Why You Must Eat It!

We have for ages seen our parents and our grandparents reach out for a piece of jaggery at the end of every meal. Jaggery is healthier compared to refined sugar because of its deposition of phytochemicals and other important minerals. While many people do not choose jaggery because of its no-so-good-appearance, it is perhaps more sensible to consume it considering the host of health benefits it offers.

Here is a list of benefits that can be extracted from the consumption of jaggery.

  1. Skin benefits: Jaggery nourishes the skin in the true sense of the word. Owing to the numerous amount of mineral and vitamin, it can eliminate common skin problems such as pimples and acne. It can negate dark spots, wrinkles delay the common signs of aging.
  2. Digestive benefits: Jaggery plays a huge role in ensuring smooth digestion. It stimulates secretion of digestive enzyme. It, therefore, makes it easy for the body to quicken the process of digestion. It can also help to stabilize the bowl movement by keeping common digestion related disorders such as constipation, intestinal worms, indigestion at bay.
  3. Blood: Jaggery does a great job in purifying the blood. It acts as a cleansing agent by filtering the blood from the toxic agents. It also keeps the hemoglobin count normal and help the body refrain from blood-related disorders such as anemia. Since the quantity of iron content in jaggery is plentiful, it successfully helps the body to stay healthy and negate deadly diseases. Furthermore, jaggery can help women to stay away from complicated menstrual related disorders, beat weakness and fatigue.
  4. Weight loss: Jaggery’s rich potassium content helps the body balance the electrolyte, build muscles and improve the metabolism of the body. Potassium also helps in managing water retention in the body. Both the factors coupled together helps in weight loss and beat fatigue, obese etc.
  5. Blood pressure: The sodium and potassium content of jaggery helps the body maintain an effective adequate acidic level. This ensures that the blood pressure remains in the balance and the body refrains from undue blood pressure related disorders.
  6. Antioxidants: Jaggery contains selenium, the latter is a rich source of antioxidants which can help the body to fight the free radicals and keep it at bay. The antioxidants also help the body to stay away from other ailments.
  7. Respiratory health: Jaggery is a great source of food that can effectively fight various respiratory problems of the body. It can fight diseases such as bronchitis and asthma.
  8. Body temperature: Jaggery helps to keep a normal body temperature. This is extremely beneficial for patients suffering from asthma since maintaining a steady body temperature is sacrosanct for patients suffering from this disease. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ayurveda.
11699 people found this helpful

Reasons Behind Iron Deficiency In Children!

Reasons Behind Iron Deficiency In Children!

Iron deficiency is a common condition in children. It occurs when there is a scarcity of iron in the child's system due to malnutrition. Iron is an extremely important mineral that is required for growth and development in young ones. It is an essential nutrient for formation of Hemoglobin, which transports Oxygen and Carbon dioxide through the bloodstream and it is also essential for the functioning of the muscles. If the child's diet lacks iron then the condition might worsen and turn into anemia.

Children need different levels of iron intake at different ages for proper development of all mental and physical faculties. As the child gets older and reaches the age of puberty, the requirement of iron and other minerals also increases. Deficiency of it causes anemia specific to iron. 

Deficiencies can lead to various nutritional disorders that may cause severe complications.

The primary cause of iron deficiency in children is an improper diet which leads to a lack of nourishment. There are a number of other causes of the problem, some of which are as follows:

  1. Low birth weight
  2. Excessive intake of cow's milk at less than 2 years of age
  3. Feeding exclusively on breastmilk beyond 6 months of age
  4. Lead poisoning
  5. Gastrointestinal disease or infection
  6. Improper diet of the mother during pregnancy
  7. Chronic diarrhea
  8. Infestation of parasites in the digestive system.

If the problem arises due to dietary deficiency, it can be easily solved by making simple modifications to the child's diet plan. If the condition stems from other factors or diseases, the child must be taken to a doctor immediately for a medical diagnosis and remedial treatment. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Pediatrician.

2685 people found this helpful