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Overview

Thrombocytopenia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Thrombcytopenia?

Thrombocytopenia is a blood disorder, in which there is a relative decrease in platelets (thrombocytes) in the blood of the patient.Normally the blood platelet count in a normal adult human is in between 1, 50,000-4, 50,000 platelets per microliter of blood. However owing to disease conditions or any other cause when the platelet count falls below 50, 000 per microliter, it requires emergency treatment.

Symptoms :

Thrombocytopenia is a blood disorder, in which there is a relative decrease in platelets (thrombocytes) in the blood of the patient.Normally the blood platelet count in a normal adult human is in between 1, 50,000-4, 50,000 platelets per microliter of blood. However owing to disease conditions or any other cause when the platelet count falls below 50, 000 per microliter, it requires emergency treatment.

Decreased thrombocyte production in the body can be for the following undermentioned reasons:

Apart from these thrombocytopenia can also be inherited or acquired.

Diagnosis :

Laboratory tests that are used for diagnosis of this disease are liver enzyme, vitamin B12 levels, full blood count, kidney function, folic acid levels, peripheral blood smear and erythrocyte sedimentation rate test. When in spite of all these battery of tests, doctors fail to understand the underlying causes of this blood anomaly, a bone marrow biopsy is generally recommended to the patient to find out if the loss in blood platelet count is because of peripheral destruction or just decreased production of the thrombocytes.

It has been noticed that thrombocytopenia in alcoholics who has been hospitalized can cause foliate deficiency, enlargement of their spleen. However, although alcohol affects the survival time, production and function of the platelets in alcoholic patients, platelet counts begin to rise after 2 to 3 days’ abstinence from alcohol.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Fatigue Enlarged spleen Prolonged bleeding from cuts Heavy menstruation Jaundice

Popular Health Tips

How Can Low Platelet Count Be Controlled?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine, DM - Clinical Hematology
Hematologist, Patna
How Can Low Platelet Count Be Controlled?

Haematology is a science, which studies the functioning of blood, blood producing organs and blood related diseases. Previously people are not aware of the functioning of Haematology and its effectiveness. But as more and more research is beign conducted on this health care science the modern world is introduced with this amazing stream of medical science.

Haematology can study and provide best curing measures for many severe diseases and one of the diseases, which are considered as the most dangerous is Thrombocytopenia. This is the condition in which the blood cell fragments known as platelets reduce. Difficulty faced by the body to clot the blood and stop the bleeding is a major symptom and when the platelet count reduces too much then mild to severe bleeding happens. Bleeding can be inside the body, on the surface of the body or underneath the skin as well.

How to control it?
The individuals suffering from lack of platelet count or Thrombocytopenia are advised some preventive measures to maintain the conditions from becoming severe.

  1. People should avoid the medicine that they know had decreased the platelet in the past.
  2. They should avoid alcohol consumption which slows down the production of platelets.
  3. Avoid contact with toxic chemicals like arsenic, pesticides or benzene as they can slow down the production of platelets.
  4. Be aware of the substances or medicines that may affect the counts of platelets or increases the risk of bleeding.

Haematology is very helpful for doctors to know the hidden causes of blood related diseases. To cure the low platelet count many effective medicines are available in the various health care systems. There are many Haematology experts who are accomplished with their expertise in treating people. Patients of blood cancer should see the best doctor and get the best remedies to live a happy and pain free life. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2367 people found this helpful

Low Platelet Count - 4 Ways You Can Improve It!

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, MRCP (UK), DM - Clinical Haematology
Hematologist, Kolkata
Low Platelet Count - 4 Ways You Can Improve It!

Haematology is a science, which studies the functioning of blood, blood producing organs and blood related diseases. Previously people are not aware of the functioning of Haematology and its effectiveness. But as more and more research is beign conducted on this health care science the modern world is introduced with this amazing stream of medical science.

Haematology can study and provide best curing measures for many severe diseases and one of the diseases, which are considered as the most dangerous is Thrombocytopenia. This is the condition in which the blood cell fragments known as platelets reduce. Difficulty faced by the body to clot the blood and stop the bleeding is a major symptom and when the platelet count reduces too much then mild to severe bleeding happens. Bleeding can be inside the body, on the surface of the body or underneath the skin as well.

How to control it?
The individuals suffering from lack of platelet count or Thrombocytopenia are advised some preventive measures to maintain the conditions from becoming severe.

  1. People should avoid the medicine that they know had decreased the platelet in the past.
  2. They should avoid alcohol consumption which slows down the production of platelets.
  3. Avoid contact with toxic chemicals like arsenic, pesticides or benzene as they can slow down the production of platelets.
  4. Be aware of the substances or medicines that may affect the counts of platelets or increases the risk of bleeding.

Haematology is very helpful for doctors to know the hidden causes of blood related diseases. To cure the low platelet count many effective medicines are available in the various health care systems. There are many Haematology experts who are accomplished with their expertise in treating people. Patients of blood cancer should see the best doctor and get the best remedies to live a happy and pain free life. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2375 people found this helpful

Low Platelet Count - How It Can be Revived?

Clinical Hematology , MD, MBBS
Hematologist, Noida
Low Platelet Count - How It Can be Revived?

Haematology is a science, which studies the functioning of blood, blood producing organs and blood related diseases. Previously people are not aware of the functioning of Haematology and its effectiveness. But as more and more research is being conducted on this health care science the modern world is introduced with this amazing stream of medical science.

Haematology can study and provide best curing measures for many severe diseases and one of the diseases, which are considered as the most dangerous is Thrombocytopenia. This is the condition in which the blood cell fragments known as platelets reduce. Difficulty faced by the body to clot the blood and stop the bleeding is a major symptom and when the platelet count reduces too much then mild to severe bleeding happens. Bleeding can be inside the body, on the surface of the body or underneath the skin as well.

How to control it?
The individuals suffering from lack of platelet count or Thrombocytopenia are advised some preventive measures to maintain the conditions from becoming severe.

  1. People should avoid the medicine that they know had decreased the platelet in the past.
  2. They should avoid alcohol consumption which slows down the production of platelets.
  3. Avoid contact with toxic chemicals like arsenic, pesticides or benzene as they can slow down the production of platelets.
  4. Be aware of the substances or medicines that may affect the counts of platelets or increases the risk of bleeding.

Haematology is very helpful for doctors to know the hidden causes of blood related diseases. To cure the low platelet count many effective medicines are available in the various health care systems. There are many Haematology experts who are accomplished with their expertise in treating people. Patients of blood cancer should consult the doctor and get the best remedies to live a happy and pain free life.

2763 people found this helpful

Bidding Farewell To Ailments The Homeopathic Way!

PGDM In Cosmetology, Trichology & Weight Managmen, MD, BHMS
Homeopath, Mumbai
Bidding Farewell To Ailments The Homeopathic Way!

In the world of medicines, homeopathy has always been majorly on top of the preference list of many doctors. Although allopathic treatments are followed extensively to tackle illnesses, homeopathic treatments have also gained a significant position in the kingdom of medical therapy. Homeopathy caters to almost all illnesses featuring varied intensities. It basically follows the belief that any element that can create certain symptoms in the human body can cure the same in an ailing body. However, the levels of treatment differ from body to body.

When platelets begin to detour….

Human body at times suffers from various kinds of ailments, which hit them either predictably or unpredictably. In such cases, the first treating thought that would come to mind is the allopathic measure. However, not all allopathic treatments would ensure the same healing result as homeopathy would do. Thrombocytopenia is one such dreaded medical condition that drastically lowers the blood platelets than the normal required amount. It is believed that when blood platelets are present in the required numbers in the body, these control bleeding in case of any blood vessel damage. But Thrombocytopenia pulls the platelet counts in the body, thus hampering their efforts to combat bleeding conditions.

Homeopathic weapons to the rescue...

In such scary medical conditions, homeopathy comes along as a savior in increasing blood platelets to a sufficient amount. Homeopathy, however, is always regarded as a slow procedure. But as they say slow and steady efforts never go in vain. Similarly, homeopathic treatments assure long lasting and permanent results of cure by reviving wellness and fitness. In the case of Thrombocytopenia, homeopathy starts its treating procedures at the initial stage itself. With this early stage of treatment, the medical condition is nipped in the bud and does not aggravate further. The homeopathic medicines that are generally put into action are Crot.H, Lachesis, Merc.Sol, Chin.Sulph, Phosphorus and many more adding to the extensive list. These medications are subscribed over a period of time depending upon the condition of the patient. Simultaneously there are certain laboratory tests that are conducted from time to time to keep the progress of the patient in check.

Thus it can be said that homeopathic treatment never fails a person’s hope and faith in getting cured from ailments. Procedures may vary from the usual conventional way, but the effects are a guarantee of longevity and sustainability of cured health and a new living.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5539 people found this helpful

Platelet and Nutrition

MBBS, D.P.H
General Physician, Gurgaon
Platelet and Nutrition

Platelet and Nutrition

  • Platelet are the thinest cells in the blood stream.

  • I t look like plates in their non-active state but in active state the tentacles that seems to the shape of spider or an octopus. Like other blood cells it is also made in blood marrow.

  • Role of platelet is to protect the body against excessive loss of blood, during injury, in the presence of wound or injury these cells migrate to site and bind the damaged blood vessels and forms the clot

  • In human body normally the platelet count range is 1,50000 - 4,50000 / microlitter

  • When the count is above the 4,50000 / microliter it is called thrombocythemia or thrombocythemia. The term thrombocythemia is used when the cause of higher platelet count is not known i.e. Primary or essential thrombocythemia. this condition occurs when the faulty cells in the bone marrow make too many platelets. While the higher platelet count due to any disease it is called secondary or reactive Thrombocytosis which more common than the thrombocythemia.

  • When the count is below 1,50000/microlitter the condition is called thrombocythemia. Low platelet count may result bleeding from nose, gums, under the skin (Purpura) in the forearm and pinpoint bleeds (Petechiae) on the legs. In womens long and heavy periods. Treatment should be initiated before the bleeding occurs because some time a huge drop of platelet count is sudden which may result uncontrolled bleeding resulting life threatening condition i.e Shock or Organ failure.

  • Treatment for Low Platelet: When the platelet count comes down comes down 10,000-20,000 then transfusion of Platelets is required or some sort of bleeding present in nose, gum & skin is present. Otherwise take Natural food which increases the low platelet count.

     

10 Foods That Increase Low Platelet Count:

1. Anar (Pomegranate): It is rich in iron and also contains vitamins. This fruit help to combact increasing platelet reduction with regular consumption & vitamins keep your energy levels steady.

2. Milk : It it has high calcium which helps to regenerate the platelet. Calcium content with vitamin K and milk protein “Fibrinogen” increases the Platelet count and improves the blood;s ability to form the clot. Calcium Deficiency can lead to your body much longer time in forming clot .

3. Folate Rich Food : Folate or B9 is essential for healthy cell division in the body. Sever deficiency of folate in body can result reduction in Blood Platelet. Daily intake of Folate is 400mg is required. When platelet count is low it’s consumption increases the platelet count. Food rich in Folate are Asparagus, Orange juice,Spinach and fortified cereals.

4. Lean Proteins: Lean proteins food are excellent source of Zinc and Vitamin 12 which are essential to reverse the effects of thrombocytopenia. In case of reduced platelet count take food like soyabean, spinach (Palak), blackbeans, cow’s milk, white of egg, Oatmeal, Fish and white meat chicken.

5. Papaya: Extract of leaf of papaya is excellent for overall blood production and increases the platelet count (Prepare extract of leaves by boiling leaves in medium heat for 15 minutes with water and wait till the water simms down to half ). Take leaf extract 2tsf twice daily.

6. Cod Liver Oil and Flax Seed Oil: These oils strengthen the Immune system many autoimmune disorders are cause of thrombocytopenia or low platelet count. These oils reduce the inflammation of in the body and improve the blood circulation throughout the body.

7. Vitamin A Rich Food: Vitamin A is essential for healthy platelet production, it also plays role in formation of Protein in body which helps in the process of cell division and growth. Carrot, Pumpkin, Kale and Sweet Potatoes (Sakarkandi).

8. Chlorophyll from Wheat grass: Wheat grass juice contains 70% of chlorophyll (The Plant Haemoglobin) have strong effect in overall blood production and increases the platelet count. Take ½ cup per day.

9. Vitamin K Rich Food: Vitamin K keeps cell growth at optimum level in the body. Life of platelets is only 10 days which is to be compensated continually to maintain te lost amount in the body, hence high calorie food for ideal production of blood platelets and vitamin K is one of the ingredient available in Eggs, Green leafy vegetables, Kale, Frozen Spinach, Mustard Greens Broccoli & Liver.

10. Macrobiotic Diet: To combat Thrombocytopenia in patients an vital anti inflammatory diet is recommended by Platelet Disorder Association which help in optimum blood production e.g. Whole grains, vegetables and organic beans is recommended while animal protein is to be avoided except Fish Yogurt & cheese.

1 person found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My wife is suffering from ITP Immune thrombocytopenia .please tell me for best treatment.

PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician, Nashik
In ITP, the body's immune system, for unknown reasons, destroys healthy blood platelets. It also impairs the body's ability to produce platelets. Slowing the destruction of platelets is one approach to ITP treatment. Most treatments for ITP interfere with the immune system to help reduce platelet destruction. Some of these treatments are FDA approved for ITP and some are not. Many of these treatments are immunosuppressants. Corticosteroids: Often the first treatment a patient receives, corticosteroids raise platelet counts by slowing the immune system's ability to clear platelets from the bloodstream. 5 In fact, a positive response to corticosteroids can be used to confirm the diagnosis of ITP. A panel of ITP experts recently suggested that patients should only be on corticosteroids for 4 weeks as patients often experience complications because of their corticosteroids medicines over time. 4 Anti-D and IVIG: These blood products include antibodies that are made from human plasma. They slow the clearance of platelets from the bloodstream tend to be used when platelet counts are dangerously low, and have an effect that is usually temporary. Anti-CD20: Treatment with antibodies that bind to the CD20 antigen on malignant human B cells marks these cells for destruction by the immune system. Several other medications are used to treat ITP, including other immunosuppressants, hormone therapies, chemotherapeutics, and biologics. Medical treatments that increase platelet production In recent years, it has become clearer that there is an additional process involved in ITP: The body doesn’t produce enough platelets to make up for the healthy platelets that are destroyed. An alternative approach works to increase platelet production supporting a normal process in the body. Platelet boosters. These are medicines that do not work on the immune system, but instead imitate thrombopoietin, or TPO. TPO is the protein that tells special cells in the bone marrow called megakaryocytes to produce platelets. By doing this, platelet boosters help increase platelet production. Hope this helps.
2 people found this helpful

I have suffering from alternate fever for 3 days and blood investigation result thrombocytopenia (0.99) and plasmodium vivax positive.

MBBS
General Physician, Allahabad
Take cap rabemacdsr once daily morning before breakfast empty stomach for 10 days. Take tab cefolac-- o 200 + tab crocin advance twice daily for 10 days. Take tab lumerax 80 mg twice daily for 3 days with milk after meals take syrup ferikind -- m 2 tsf twice daily after meals for 15 days.

I am 68 years old and was admitted in the hospital for 4 days for urinary track infection, Early Sepsis HTN Post TURP Thrombocytopenia. My platelets came down to 84000. Then by taking Medicines Inj. Geret 1gm once a day for 7 days and good food and rest the platelets improved to 132000. Last month it came down to 112000 and yesterday test shows 840000. What I should take to improve my platelets. R V RAMANI.

MD-Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Haldwani
Hello- a normal platelet count in a healthy person ranges from 150, 000 to 450, 000 platelets per microlitre of blood. When the count is below 150, 000 per microlitre, it is considered a low platelet count. There are three possible causes of low platelet count: #presence of platelets in the spleen due to cancer or severe liver diseases. This causes a decrease in the number of platelets in circulation. #reduced production of platelets due to leukemia, some types of anemia, viral infections, exposure to toxic chemicals, chemotherapy drugs, heavy alcohol consumption and deficiency of essential vitamins like vitamin b12. #increased breakdown of platelets due to autoimmune diseases, reaction to medicines, bacterial infection in the blood, pregnancy and health problems like idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (itp) and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (ttp). Here are the top 10 ways to increase a low platelet count naturally. 1. Papaya 2. Wheatgrass 3. Pumpkin 4. Spinach 5. Vitamin c to increase your platelet count, you need to increase your intake of vitamin c, also known as ascorbic acid. 6. Indian gooseberries 7. Sesame oil 8. Beetroot 9. Water blood cells are made of water and protein, hence it is highly recommended to drink plenty of water throughout the day. When it comes to a low platelet count, avoid drinking cold water as it can affect your digestive tract and the body will not absorb nutrients properly. Instead, drink filtered and purified water that is room temperature. This will help your body produce more blood cells and eventually improve the platelet count. Drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of room temperature water daily. 10. Exercise.
1 person found this helpful

I am 45 years old and suffering from thrombocytopenia platelets count is 60 thousand. Please advise how to increase platelets count.

DNB (Medicine), MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
The question is not of increasing platelets but of finding out the reason of low platelet count. It can be due to infections, medicines and some other conditions. Consult me with more clinical details and investigations if available to find the reason of low platelet count.
1 person found this helpful