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Thrombocytopenia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Thrombcytopenia? Symptoms : Diagnosis :

What is Thrombcytopenia?

Thrombocytopenia is a blood disorder, in which there is a relative decrease in platelets (thrombocytes) in the blood of the patient.Normally the blood platelet count in a normal adult human is in between 1, 50,000-4, 50,000 platelets per microliter of blood. However owing to disease conditions or any other cause when the platelet count falls below 50, 000 per microliter, it requires emergency treatment.

Symptoms :

Thrombocytopenia is a blood disorder, in which there is a relative decrease in platelets (thrombocytes) in the blood of the patient.Normally the blood platelet count in a normal adult human is in between 1, 50,000-4, 50,000 platelets per microliter of blood. However owing to disease conditions or any other cause when the platelet count falls below 50, 000 per microliter, it requires emergency treatment.

Decreased thrombocyte production in the body can be for the following undermentioned reasons:

Apart from these thrombocytopenia can also be inherited or acquired.

Diagnosis :

Laboratory tests that are used for diagnosis of this disease are liver enzyme, vitamin B12 levels, full blood count, kidney function, folic acid levels, peripheral blood smear and erythrocyte sedimentation rate test. When in spite of all these battery of tests, doctors fail to understand the underlying causes of this blood anomaly, a bone marrow biopsy is generally recommended to the patient to find out if the loss in blood platelet count is because of peripheral destruction or just decreased production of the thrombocytes.

It has been noticed that thrombocytopenia in alcoholics who has been hospitalized can cause foliate deficiency, enlargement of their spleen. However, although alcohol affects the survival time, production and function of the platelets in alcoholic patients, platelet counts begin to rise after 2 to 3 days’ abstinence from alcohol.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hii I am 27 years old 5 days back I fell from stairs I had injury on my right hand since then I am having constant pain in my hand so I had my x- ray done it says I have mild particular osteopenia. Other than that everything is normal but I am having severe pain. Kindly suggest the required treatment.

M.D. Consultant Pathologist, CCEBDM Diabetes, PGDS Sexology USA, CCMTD Thyroid, ACDMC Heart Disease, CCMH Hypertension, ECG, CCCS ( CARDIOLOGY & STROKE), CCIGC ( GERIATRIC CARE )
General Physician, Sri Ganganagar
Use crepe bandage on hand for rest to affected. Take vitamin d3 and calcium vitamin b12. Tab. Zinase Mr. as pain killer.

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Content Details
Written By
Diploma in geriatric,MBBS,MEM,Diploma In Geriatric
General Physician
Reviewed By
MD - Consultant Physician
General Physician
Play video
Thrombocytopenia - Know More About It
Hello, This is Dr Savita Rangarajan. We are going to talk about thrombocytopenia today, so what is thrombocytopenia? In fact, first of all, I need to explain to you what is a platelet? In blood we have three kinds of cells, red cells, white cells ...
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