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Thrombocytopenia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Thrombcytopenia? Symptoms : Diagnosis :

What is Thrombcytopenia?

Thrombocytopenia is a blood disorder, in which there is a relative decrease in platelets (thrombocytes) in the blood of the patient.Normally the blood platelet count in a normal adult human is in between 1, 50,000-4, 50,000 platelets per microliter of blood. However owing to disease conditions or any other cause when the platelet count falls below 50, 000 per microliter, it requires emergency treatment.

Symptoms :

Thrombocytopenia is a blood disorder, in which there is a relative decrease in platelets (thrombocytes) in the blood of the patient.Normally the blood platelet count in a normal adult human is in between 1, 50,000-4, 50,000 platelets per microliter of blood. However owing to disease conditions or any other cause when the platelet count falls below 50, 000 per microliter, it requires emergency treatment.

Decreased thrombocyte production in the body can be for the following undermentioned reasons:

Apart from these thrombocytopenia can also be inherited or acquired.

Diagnosis :

Laboratory tests that are used for diagnosis of this disease are liver enzyme, vitamin B12 levels, full blood count, kidney function, folic acid levels, peripheral blood smear and erythrocyte sedimentation rate test. When in spite of all these battery of tests, doctors fail to understand the underlying causes of this blood anomaly, a bone marrow biopsy is generally recommended to the patient to find out if the loss in blood platelet count is because of peripheral destruction or just decreased production of the thrombocytes.

It has been noticed that thrombocytopenia in alcoholics who has been hospitalized can cause foliate deficiency, enlargement of their spleen. However, although alcohol affects the survival time, production and function of the platelets in alcoholic patients, platelet counts begin to rise after 2 to 3 days’ abstinence from alcohol.

Popular Questions & Answers

My wife is suffering from ITP Immune thrombocytopenia .please tell me for best treatment.

PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician, Nashik
In ITP, the body's immune system, for unknown reasons, destroys healthy blood platelets. It also impairs the body's ability to produce platelets. Slowing the destruction of platelets is one approach to ITP treatment. Most treatments for ITP interf...
5 people found this helpful

What is thrombocytopenia? Is this a serious indication of health? Because my recent cbc report has shown that I am suffering from a mild thrombocytopenia. Where my platelets count down to 1.26 lakh/cumm.

BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Hooghly
It means your having low platelets, it's not very serious condition but it's a matter of medical attention.
1 person found this helpful

I am 45 years old and suffering from thrombocytopenia platelets count is 60 thousand. Please advise how to increase platelets count.

DNB (Medicine), MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
The question is not of increasing platelets but of finding out the reason of low platelet count. It can be due to infections, medicines and some other conditions. Consult me with more clinical details and investigations if available to find the re...
1 person found this helpful

I am 25 years my brother is suffering itp (immuno thrombocytopenia) can you give any suggestion or treatment details please.

MD - Pathology
General Physician, Amritsar
I can give you a general line of treatment. Choice of treatment is individualised. Steroids are first line of treatment. Given when platelet count falls. As count improves steroids are gradually reduced and then stopped. Long term steroids are avo...

My son is 3 years old, he is suffering from throat infection and thrombocytopenia with tonsillitis. What can I do?

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Tumkur
Thrombocytopenia with throat infection could be most probably due to a viral infection. Show to an ent surgeon and your pediatrician.

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Play video
Thrombocytopenia - Know More About It
Hello, This is Dr Savita Rangarajan. We are going to talk about thrombocytopenia today, so what is thrombocytopenia? In fact, first of all, I need to explain to you what is a platelet? In blood we have three kinds of cells, red cells, white cells ...
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