Colon cancer better known in the name of colorectal or bowel cancer that signifies the growth of cancer cells in parts like colon, rectum or appendix. This cancer is widely common in both male and female resulting in more about 655,000 death in a year. Generally, people above 40 are vulnerable to colon cancer. Strangely, around 70 to 80 percent of the colon cancer has its growth without involving any major risk factor. The disease is indeed dreadful and murderous with least chances of survival if diagnosed at the last stage.
Colon cancer can be divided into various types. The most common variation of colon cancer that originates from the glands is Adenocarcinomas that results in 90 to 95 percent of the total colon cancer patients over the world. Leiomyosarcomas is a type of colon cancer that initiates in the muscles of the colon. This is rare and comprises of 2or 3 percent of the total colon cancer. On the other hand, Lymphomas are sort of colon cancer that is diagnosed to initiate in the rectum and not in the colon. This is said to have evolved in a different part of the body and got spread to the colon. Even Melanomas is nearly similar to Lymphomas as it occupies the same characteristics of getting started at a different area or organ in the body and end up spreading to the colon. Neuroendocrine tumours are colon cancers that include two different types namely aggressive and indolent.
To figure out the cause of colon cancer, the age of a person is the primary concern. More the age, more increases the risk of being affected by colon cancer. Another burning cause of colon cancer is when the mother or father in the family has suffered from colon cancer, the chances for other members of the family increase to a higher level. Even diet very high in fat and less consumption of fibre might result in colon cancer.
Consulting a colon or rectal surgeon for treatment is the best. The doctor will primarily perform a clinical evaluation on the details provided on the medical history of the patient and physical examination that would include a digital rectal test. Further, the doctor will ask the patient to undergo several tests like sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy. Even the doctor may ask you to get some blood test done in order to a detailed picture of the condition of kidney and the liver.
When the doctor is sure that the patient has cancerous growth, the next step is to evaluate the stage of colon cancer on of the patient. There are four stages of colon cancer. The 1st stage indicates the growth of cancer in the superficial lining of the colon but has not crossed the colon or the rectum walls. While the stage II signifies that cancer has been successful in passing through the colon walls but did not spread to the lymph nodes situated nearby. Stage III situation is when cancer has emerged through the lymph nodes and is quickly spreading throughout the body. Stage IV or the last stage of colon cancer is when cancer has spread and affected other organs like lungs and the liver.
For patients who get diagnosed at the first stage of cancer, the doctor generally conducts minimal surgery that results in complete recovery. Polyps can be removed during the process of colonoscopy while endoscopic mucosal resection and laparoscopic surgery are also conducted according to the condition of the patient. On the other hand, if cancer has spread through the colon, treatment process conducted is called partial colectomy. In this process, the doctor eliminates the part having cancer from the colon. Even removal or lymph nodes is one of the treatment procedure adopted by the doctor.
For patients experiencing the last stage of colon cancer, surgeries are often conducted by the doctor in order to relieve symptoms like bleeding and pain. However, thereafter chemotherapy and radiation therapy are provided to the patient to kill the cancer cells.
People experiencing unusual symptoms that indicate the presence of cancer in the colon or the rectum are eligible for the treatment. However, the treatment also depends on the cancer stage of the patient.
People not having any cancer growth in the body are not eligible for the treatment.
On being diagnosed at the primary stage, colon cancer is treated with minimal surgery. In such cases, side effects are limited to drug related effects post the surgery.
However, in case of patients who undergo chemotherapy or radiation therapy, side effects are huge. Side effects of chemotherapy include severe mouth sores, sudden hair loss, drastic fall of appetite, diarrhoea, fatigue and increase in vulnerability to infection and experiencing easy bleeding and bruising.
Treatment for the different stage of colon cancer varies in accordance with the severity of the condition. But some of the factors remain indifferent for patients on completion of their treatment procedure. A low diet is to be maintained for at least 6 weeks post the treatment. You should take small meals many times in a day rather than having 3 major meals. Fluid intake should be more, have 3 to 4 litres of water in a day. Strictly avoid caffeine. A routine diet and disciplined life habits should be a mandatory factor to look after.
Recovery is entirely dependent on the stage of colon cancer a person is suffering from. For patients with a small touch of cancer, it gets cured with the execution of a minimal surgery. However, on the other hand, the last stage of colon cancer demands chemotherapy or radiation therapy and thus takes a huge amount of time to recover. Research speaks around 50% of the patient experiencing the last stage of colon cancer gets cured. Previously, people would survive for around 8 to 10 weeks while now advanced medical research and innovation enables a person to live up to 30 weeks and about 10% of the total patient at last stage have chances for complete recovery.
The cost of the treatment of colon cancer varies according to the patient’s condition and the stage of cancer they are experiencing. For surgery in case of patients with stage I colon cancer, cost of treatment is hugely less than patients at the last stage of colon cancer. Thus the range starts from 2.5 lakhs to 20 lakhs that includes several sessions of chemotherapies and radiation therapies.
For patients diagnosed with the first stage of colon cancer, complete recovery can be achieved. The constant growth in medical science has undoubtedly enhanced the survival rate of people with colon cancer. Previously, a person at the last stage of colon cancer could survive up to 7 to 8 weeks whereas, nowadays a person can live up to 30 weeks with treatment. On the other hand, proper medical treatment results in survival rates up to 50% for patients with colon cancer.
Besides medical treatment for colon cancer, natural products even result in producing amazing treatment fighting against the growth of colon cancer. National Cancer Institute releases a Factsheet on the utility of garlic in preventing colon cancer. Thus, more consumption of garlic acts as an antidote to colon cancer. Intake of red meat should be avoided. Use of olive oil and foods rich in selenium are more preferable during this time. Last but not the least, plenty of antioxidant in green vegetables, fruits, herbs and diet are of huge help.
Rectal cancer is the growth of cancerous cells in the rectum, which is the colon’s lower part of the colon, connecting the large bowel and the anus. The basic function of the rectum is to collect the stool that is formed inside the human body before it is eliminated from the body. The cancer starts as a polyp, which is precancerous, and slowly develops and turns cancerous. This cancer will start spreading and penetrates into the walls of the rectum causing rectal cancer.
Surgery is the most common treatment available for rectal cancer. Depending on the location of the cancer and the type of cancer, there are different types of rectal cancer surgeries available. One of the important things that are considered before deciding which kind of surgery is required is the location of the tumor from the anus.
The field of medicine has evolved to a considerable extent that most health issues can be treated using drugs and minimally invasive procedures. Still, there are circumstances wherein surgical intervention is the best possible course of treatment where the pros outweigh the cons and prove to be highly beneficial to the patients.
One such situation is when a patient is suffering from colorectal disorders such abnormal cracks and tears in the anus to fecal incontinence, congenital disabilities in colon or anus, rectal or colon cancers or rectal or anal prolapse and does not respond to medication. This is when colorectal surgery, once known as proctology, becomes essential. It is a field of medicine that refers to the various surgical procedures that are performed to treat such disorders in the colon, anus, and rectum.
Here are few more compelling reasons why the surgery is the best possible solution in this scenario.
So, as can be noted, because of the numerous benefits it offers, colorectal surgery is the preferred treatment option when it comes to the colorectal disorders especially when medications are not helpful. Your gastroenterologist would decide on the course of treatment plan depending on your condition and proceed accordingly. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Cancer occurs when the controlled mechanism of the body is not able to function properly, leading to the development and rampant growth of the malignant cells in the body. These abnormally formed cells form a mass of tissues called tumor, which result in the growth of cancer. Symptoms and signs of cancer vary depending on which part of your body is affected. The early symptoms may include fatigue, loss of weight and appetite, dark patches on the skin, unexplained joint pain or bleeding.
In majority of the cases, people are diagnosed with the disease at an advanced stage where the body fails to react to any medical treatment due to low immunity and poor resistance power. There have been many contradictions regarding the prevention of cancer. Many a time, it so happens that a specific tip on how to prevent cancer recommended by one person or is advised against by another person. All these contradictions may leave you confused and baffled thinking what to do or how to steer away from cancer.
However, the notion that making healthy lifestyle choices helps prevent cancer is widely accepted these days, with the backing of science, of course. That’s why we’re here to help you out with certain ways-
Cancer treatments can be very strenuous and emotionally draining, so the best way to fight cancer is to prevent it from the very beginning. These tips on making lifestyle changes can be very useful in preventing cancer.
Colon cancer is the cancer of the colon or rectum, situated at the lower end of the digestive tract. Bowel cancer or colon cancer is the third most common type of cancer and primarily affects people aged 50 and over. It generally arises as non-cancerous polyps without one's knowledge and symptoms begin to surface slowly. Changes in bowel habits, constipation, diarrhea, blood in the stool or rectal bleeding, abdominal cramps and discomfort are some of the common symptoms of colon cancer. This type of cancer often has no symptoms but can be detected by screening. So doctors recommend screenings for those at high risk or over the age of 50.
Risk factors that make a person more likely to develop colon cancer are
Treatment of colorectal cancer depends on the
The most common treatments can be removal of the cancerous polyp through surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. A test known as a colonoscopy is performed to detect the disease. Samples of tissues are collected from areas which are suspected to contain cancer cells and this makes it possible to detect the cancer. Smaller colorectal polyps can be removed during the colonoscopy. Chemotherapy or radiation therapy is used to treat cancer only in advanced stages.
Laparoscopy is a procedure which enables the doctor to have a look inside the abdominal cavity with a special camera. To conduct a laparoscopic treatment, incisions are made in the abdomen. Generally, 3-6 incisions are made varying between 5-10mm. These small incisions are used to insert the laparoscope and special laparoscope instruments. The laparoscope guides the surgeon by transmitting a picture of the internal organs on a monitor.
There are several advantages of undergoing a laparoscopic surgery for cancerous colon removal compared to a large open incision. Patients undergoing a laparoscopic approach experience less pain, faster return of intestinal function, a shorter period of rest, and quicker walking ability all of which aids in recovery and leading a normal life faster. Instead of making long incisions that are common in traditional open surgery, laparoscopic surgery requires only small incisions to perform the same operation. Also, treatment of colon cancer has been the most effective using laparoscopic surgeries.
Doctors must be consulted before undergoing any such surgery. Through tests and screenings, they can determine the intensity of the cancer, how far it has spread, where it is located and on the basis of it, the method of treatment needs to be decided. One must strictly follow the doctor’s advice especially diet rules before and after the operation is conducted to ease bowel movements and aid in healing.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Colon cancer, also known as Colorectal cancer, occurs in the rectum or the colon. Colon is the last part of the large intestine that is connected to the anus. The food which is not absorbed and not digested in the small intestine enters the colon and finally gets flushed out through the anus. As you may know, cancer occurs when your body’s control mechanism stops functioning, leading to the formation and uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. These newly-formed cells form a mass of tissue known as tumor, which results in cancer.
Colon cancer initially develops as polyps. Polyps are abnormal growth found inside the rectum or colon, which may become cancerous if not treated at an early stage.
Cancer grows in stages- gradually spreading through the mucosa, lymph nodes, and eventually affecting your lungs or liver.
1. Radiation: During a radiation therapy, powerful beams of X-ray are directed to destroy the cancerous cells and shrink large tumors before performing a surgery so that they can easily be removed from the body. It also helps in reducing the symptoms of colon cancer.
2. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is recommended after a surgery in case the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes. A standardized chemotherapy treatment uses a single or a combination of anti-cancer drugs to prevent the cancer from recurring. These are either inserted directly into your bloodstream or targeted to particular cancer sites.
3. Surgery: If you’ve been diagnosed with colon cancer in the early stage, your doctor will most likely recommend a minimally invasive approach to surgery such as-
If the cancer has spread through or into your colon, you may have to undergo the following treatment options-
In case the cancer has reached an advanced stage, it can take a toll on your health as a result of low immunity. In this case, you will be recommended a surgery to relieve a blockage of the colon or underlying conditions to refine your symptoms.
Apart from these, there are a few quick-tips that you should keep in mind- visit your doctor for frequent follow-ups, switch from a high-fat, high-protein diet to a balanced healthy diet with lots of fruits and vegetables. Cancer treatment can be very strenuous and emotionally draining, so the best way to fight cancer is to prevent it from the very beginning.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!