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Overview

Colonoscopy - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Colonoscopy is a test that is done by your doctor to monitor and examine the inner lining of the large intestine; the rectum and the colon. The colonoscope is a long and flexible tube, whose tip is inserted into the anus and gradually advanced, into your rectum and through the first part of the colon.

A virtual colonoscopy is like an X-ray test, which does not require the insertion of the colonoscope. However, it is not effective in detecting all types of polyps. A colonoscopy with a colonoscope is a much better choice for examining the colon in detail.

A colonoscopy can help in finding ulcers, tumours, colon polyps or any area that is affected by inflammation and bleeding. It can also be performed as a screening test for checking precancerous growth, cancer in the rectum or the colon. During a colonoscopy, your tissue sample will be examined to detect abnormal growths.

Colonoscopy can also be done to investigate the cause of blood in your stool, chronic diarrhea, sudden weight loss, anaemia, unexplained pain in the stomach for a long time or for treating inflammatory bowel disease.

It is mandatory to clean out the colon prior to the test. Two days before the test, you have to stop consuming solid food and drink only fluids to clean out your bowel.

How is the treatment done?

A colonoscopy is performed by a trained specialist either in an outpatient centre or in a hospital. He/ She will first inject an IV needle in the vein of your arm. Sedatives, painkillers or anesthesia is given through that IV channel, allowing you to relax during the test. Your vital stats will be monitored by the staff.

You will have to lie on the table and the doctor will insert the colonoscope into the anus and guide it carefully through the rectum and the colon. The scope will pump air inside the large intestine enabling the doctor to get a better view. During this process, you may experience abdominal cramps or the urge to go to the toilet. The attached camera sends the video image of your intestinal lining to the monitor, where the doctor can view and examine the intestinal tissues. You may have to move several times so that the scope can be adjusted for a better view.

If the doctor comes across any polyps during the screening, he/she can remove them and then send to the lab for a biopsy testing.

It can typically take about 20 minutes to an hour to complete the whole examination. The results are generally available just after the completion of the procedure. Your doctor will share it with you as soon as the effect of the sedative and the anesthesia has worn off.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

A person is recommended to undergo a colonoscopy under the following conditions:

  • Blood in the stool/rectal bleeding
  • Dark and sometimes black stool
  • Unexplained and drastic weight loss
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Treating inflammatory bowel disease
  • Chronic pain in the stomach
  • To check for colorectal cancer
  • If there are any abnormal results from an MRI, CT scan, virtual colonoscopy or a stool test
  • As a routine test for people above the age of 50

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

You may not be able to have a colonoscopy test done if:

  • You have undergone a barium enema test (test is done to find abnormalities in your large intestine) within seven days before the colonoscopy, as there are chances that the colon will not be properly visible
  • There is stool present in the colon even after colon prep
  • There was a colon surgery done in the past
  • You have consumed red or purple coloured food/fluids
  • People suffering from diverticulitis (infection in the digestive tract) and pregnant women are generally not recommended to undergo a colonoscopy

Are there any side effects?

The side effects of undergoing a colonoscopy can be:

  • The test can cause diarrhea. Some people also experience cramping.
  • You may feel extremely sleepy for a few hours after the test has been completed. The sedative often removes the memory of the procedure.
  • You can experience bloating and gas.
  • If a polyp was extracted during the colonoscopy, your stool can have blood traces for some days
  • You may not be able to take any aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for up to 2 weeks
  • In some rare cases, the scope can tear your colon lining or cause bleeding

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post treatment guidelines after a colonoscopy would include:

  • You may be required to stay at the hospital or the clinic for 1 or 2 hours
  • Drink adequate amount of liquid to make up for the fluids you have lost during the test
  • Do not drink alcohol immediately after the test
  • It is advisable not to drive for a day after the test if you have been given sedatives
  • Your doctor will advise you when to eat your normal diet and resume your daily activities. If a polyp was removed during the test, you may have to eat a special diet for a certain time period.

How long does it take to recover?

After the test, you will have to remain in the clinic for an hour or two to recover from the sedative that was administered. You may be able to resume your daily activities from the day after. If you have diarrhea, you can rest for an extra two or three days.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of undergoing a colonoscopy test in India varies from Rs. 9525 to Rs. 22,225.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

If you have undergone a routine colonoscopy and come clean, you can opt for the next one after ten years. If there were some small disorders found during the first examination, you must repeat the test after five years.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Colonoscopy is a test that is performed for screening of colon cancer. Other alternative tests include stool tests, sigmoidoscopy, and computed tomographic colonography.

Safety: High Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: Very Low Price Range: Rs. 9525 - Rs. 22,225

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Popular Questions & Answers

Please suggest me this is very urgent. My father colostomy surgery was operated in June 27.17 and now recently his MRI reports shows every thing is normal. And surgeon has also told reports are good and we can do colostomy reversal surgery but problem is he told the cost of surgery 3 lac. But we can't afford that much earlier also we had given 3 lakh please help me what to do I just to save my father's life. Please help me for my father Colostomy reversal surgery.

Dr. Bhagyesh Patel 96% (4870 ratings)
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Hello dear Jaspreet , hi Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query for your father thoroughly . * The cost of colostomy closure seems unpredictebly high as 3 lakh . In our center at Gujarat it costs around 35,000 Rs. inclusive of all . Welcome to Gujarat , we are offering medical tourism as well . Hope this clears your query . Wishing him fine recovery . Welcome for any further assistance . Regards take care .
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