Colonoscopy is a test that is done by your doctor to monitor and examine the inner lining of the large intestine; the rectum and the colon. The colonoscope is a long and flexible tube, whose tip is inserted into the anus and gradually advanced, into your rectum and through the first part of the colon.
A virtual colonoscopy is like an X-ray test, which does not require the insertion of the colonoscope. However, it is not effective in detecting all types of polyps. A colonoscopy with a colonoscope is a much better choice for examining the colon in detail.
A colonoscopy can help in finding ulcers, tumours, colon polyps or any area that is affected by inflammation and bleeding. It can also be performed as a screening test for checking precancerous growth, cancer in the rectum or the colon. During a colonoscopy, your tissue sample will be examined to detect abnormal growths.
Colonoscopy can also be done to investigate the cause of blood in your stool, chronic diarrhea, sudden weight loss, anaemia, unexplained pain in the stomach for a long time or for treating inflammatory bowel disease.
It is mandatory to clean out the colon prior to the test. Two days before the test, you have to stop consuming solid food and drink only fluids to clean out your bowel.
A colonoscopy is performed by a trained specialist either in an outpatient centre or in a hospital. He/ She will first inject an IV needle in the vein of your arm. Sedatives, painkillers or anesthesia is given through that IV channel, allowing you to relax during the test. Your vital stats will be monitored by the staff.
You will have to lie on the table and the doctor will insert the colonoscope into the anus and guide it carefully through the rectum and the colon. The scope will pump air inside the large intestine enabling the doctor to get a better view. During this process, you may experience abdominal cramps or the urge to go to the toilet. The attached camera sends the video image of your intestinal lining to the monitor, where the doctor can view and examine the intestinal tissues. You may have to move several times so that the scope can be adjusted for a better view.
If the doctor comes across any polyps during the screening, he/she can remove them and then send to the lab for a biopsy testing.
It can typically take about 20 minutes to an hour to complete the whole examination. The results are generally available just after the completion of the procedure. Your doctor will share it with you as soon as the effect of the sedative and the anesthesia has worn off.
A person is recommended to undergo a colonoscopy under the following conditions:
You may not be able to have a colonoscopy test done if:
The side effects of undergoing a colonoscopy can be:
The post treatment guidelines after a colonoscopy would include:
After the test, you will have to remain in the clinic for an hour or two to recover from the sedative that was administered. You may be able to resume your daily activities from the day after. If you have diarrhea, you can rest for an extra two or three days.
The price of undergoing a colonoscopy test in India varies from Rs. 9525 to Rs. 22,225.
If you have undergone a routine colonoscopy and come clean, you can opt for the next one after ten years. If there were some small disorders found during the first examination, you must repeat the test after five years.
Colonoscopy is a test that is performed for screening of colon cancer. Other alternative tests include stool tests, sigmoidoscopy, and computed tomographic colonography.
Colonoscopy is a testing method that helps a doctor to witness the inner lining of the large intestine. A thin tube known as the colonoscope is used to perform this test. The distinct advantage of this test is the fact that unlike another test, a colonoscopy gives a full view of the rectum and the full colon. This procedure is often used by doctors to eradicate polyps and perform a biopsy.
Detection and eradication of polyps-A polyp size, which has a diameter of more than 1 cm call for a full examination of the colon. Although many doctors suggest colonoscopy with a polyp that is less than 1 cm due to the presence of cancer cells present in preexisting polyps. Colonoscopy is preferred over other tests due to their unique ability to distinguish between malignant and benign structures. It is also very effective in searching for lesions and effectively brings out samples to perform a biopsy.
A polyp is a cauliflower-like growth on the skin or the mucosal surface. Colon is the medical term for the larger intestine and the rectum. A growth on the mucosal surface of this part of the intestine is known as a colon polyp. Although not visible, colon polyps is present with symptoms, which can lead to their diagnosis. The main cause for concern is that some colon polyps can turn into colorectal cancer, which is the third largest cancer in America.
Types: There are two main types of polyps
Though not all polyps develop into tumors, yet all tumors develop from a polyp. There is a strong genetic component, which makes it worse. Someone with inflammatory bowel disease or Crohn’s disease is also at a higher risk of mucosal inflammation, which can induce dysplasia and then polyps.
Symptoms: Though often silent, some symptoms which also appear only after the polyp has grown considerably include:
Diagnosis: If a person is at risk from medical history and has the above symptoms, then the following are done:
This is a disease that affects the large intestine and the rectum. The Ulcerative Colitis refers to the inflammation in the innermost lining of the large intestine. The main function of the large intestine is to absorb water from indigestible food matter in the body before throwing away any waste. Hence, the large intestine is a vital part of our body. If left untreated, the disease increases risk of colon cancer.
This disease can be diagnosed by several methods. A simple stool test may be done to check out for bacteria and parasites. A blood test to check the level of C-reactive protein helps determine the inflation rate of the body. Endoscopy, colonoscopy, biopsy are some other methods of diagnosis.
Precautions after surgery
It is very important that the patient takes healthy, sufficient and nutritious food so that bowel movement can be carried out with ease and zero strain. The patient has to restrict lifting of heavy grocery, mowing the lawn, any physical activity that can strain the abdomen and related areas.
What is Ischemic colitis?
Ischemic colitis is a disorder that develops when there is a temporary loss of, or reduction in, blood flow to the colon.
Symptoms of Ischemic colitis-
Causes of Ischemic colitis-
Risk factors of Ischemic colitis-
Complications of Ischemic colitis-
Diagnosis of Ischemic colitis involves the following tests:
Precautions & Prevention of Ischemic colitis-
There is no prevention of ischemic colitis. You can do following to avoid complications:
Treatment of Ischemic colitis-
Homeopathic Treatment of Ischemic Colitis-
Homeopathy pain vomiting diarrhea and improves circulation. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of ischemic colitis are:
Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Ischemic Colitis-
cupuncture relieves by improving the physiological function of the organs and organ system. In acupuncture therapist will first diagnose the case on the basis of energy system or chi blockage as well as on the basis of status of five elements. On this basis certain disease specific acupoints are selected and stimulated.
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Ischemic colitis-
You may need hospitalization to provide fluids and nutrients through your veins (intravenously), if you’re dehydrated. Antibiotics are used to prevent infections from developing.
Surgical Treatment of Ischemic colitis-
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Ischemic colitis-
Colorectal surgery is the broad term for surgical procedures performed on the colon, the rectum and the anus. There are various different surgical procedures which fall under colorectal surgery and these are used to treat a vast array of disorders, such as:
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