There are no synonyms applicable.
Infestation refers to the interference of flies through larvae by an open wound in the body, or through a clothing. The insects feed on the wound or enter the body via clothes, further feeding on the blood. They are most likely to infect the brain, arms, legs and pubic areas.
Infestation by any form of insect creates a huge risk for an individual, causing rashes or blood clots to form in different parts of the body. If not treated immediately, the area infested by the insect is susceptible to more damage since that area remains exposed. The insect can further lay eggs which gives freedom to more insects to form and spread throughout the body. These insects are invisible to the naked eye but percolate instantly if in contact with the skin.
It is characterised by intense itching, rashes on the skin, red bumps and thickened or darkened skin in the affected area.
Infestation can also be spread through contact with other people having infestations. It is to be noted that human infestation is different from animal infestation, hence the spread can only taken place from one human being to another, and not through animals. This kind of infestation takes place in unhygienic conditions.
The treatment of infestation differs from person to person. The doctor has to identify the type of infestation by taking a sample of the skin. This can be done by scraping of the skin to test for the exact kind of lice or insect.
In mild cases, skin infestations can be treated by improving the condition of hygiene. Healthy habits like taking regular baths, washing hands and staying away from unhygienic conditions can improve the condition of the infestation by manifolds.
Skin or intestinal infestations can also be treated by improving the way you eat and sleep. Changing bed linens often or dusting them off every once in a while helps in keeping fleas or insects at bay. To clean an already infested bed linen or cover, the cloth should be soaked in hot water and tumble dried to get rid of the insects.
In case of rashes or bumps in the skin caused by infestations, medications like pediculicides can be used to treat the infected area. The instructions for the ointment have to be read carefully before applying as these products are generally averse for the human skin. This can also be prevented by cleaning linens in the first place.
Every human individual affected by infestation is eligible for the treatment as a basic ointment is required to heal the affected area. In case of children, the doctor's advice should be taken into consideration.
If clothes or linens are properly washed to avoid the same, treatment would be smoothly done via the same.
There are no such barriers for this treatment. In the case of children, advice from the doctor should be taken to determine the mode of treatment.
Infestations can lead to secondary skin symptoms like rashes, burns or dead skin even after the treatment. Since the affected area takes time to heal, it remains susceptible to further symptoms which need to be taken care of.
If the infestation is prolonged, dark patches and marks can form on the skin.
In rare cases, infestation can lead to the spread of other skin or intestinal diseases or infection. The adversity of the same would be determined by the doctor itself.
Rashes are a common side effect of the treatment. The treated area can form a scab as well which should not be touched or scratched as it may create an open wound which would make it home for further infections.
The affected individual should ensure to stay in hygienic areas only to avoid further infestations.
The affected area should not be touched or irritated as it can lead to an open wound which would attract more bacteria.
A healthy lifestyle should be maintained by all means.
Clothes and linens should be thoroughly washed since fleas or insects percolate through the body via these. Maintenance should be done on a weekly basis to reduce the number of fleas or insects that might affect these areas. Further, a proper cleaning should be done of the bedroom or the entire house if it has been previously infested. It is only possible to remove the insects to a maximum through this process.
The severity of the infestation determines the time for recovery. It generally takes about 2 or 3 weeks for the infestation to heal.
In India, the cost for treatment of infestation is generally around Rs. 1000 for mild cases and goes upto Rs. 2000 in adverse conditions.
The results of the treatment for infestation are not permanent, as the individual has to maintain thorough care to avoid further cases. Infestation can take place again if the affected area is tampered with, leading to a further opening.
Infestation can also take place again if the individual comes in contact with another infected individual, or is exposed to unhygienic living conditions.
Rs. 1000 - Rs. 2000
The term asthma and bronchial asthma are often used interchangeably. Bronchial asthma refers to the chronic inflamation of the airways either due to some internal or environmental allergen. This leads to the narrowing of airways, which makes breathing difficult and blocks air from entering the lungs. Children are most affected by this condition as the immune system is still in the process of maturity and often grows out of it as they age. However, if not treated, this can lead to many complications like respiratory failure and can prove to be fatal. Asthma cases often spike in winter months and in the flowering season. It can also be triggered by second hand or passive smoke, stress, sudden unaccustomed physical exercise, food additives, dust, house mites, perfumes, certain drugs and many other allergens. A family history of asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis and other allergic conditions can also increase a child’s risk of suffering from this condition.
Some of the most noticeable symptoms of bronchial asthma include:
2. Shortness of breath
3. Excessive coughing that worsens at night
4. Tightness of the chest
5. Lowered energy levels
6. Rapid breathing
8. Indrawing of chest and lower neck
These symptoms often worsen after exercising. Lung function test and Chest X-ray are often used to confirm a diagnosis of bronchial asthma. Once diagnosis is being confirmed, it should be categorized as per severity. Your doctor may prescribe medication in the form of pills and inhalants as per the category of disease. It is important to note that these cannot cure asthma, but can help manage it. Inhalers deliver low doses of steroids directly to the lungs to reduce inflammation and other inhaled medication like Beta 2 agonist will open the airway by relaxing the muscles of airway. Children suffering from asthma must be taught how to use the inhalers and should always have it with them. In the case of school going children, their teachers should also be informed about the condition. Parents should also know how to keep it, use it and clean the device in a proper and hygienic way.
In very small kids those inhalational medication can be given by face mask and spacer, but as the age grows or in case of elder children above 6 years of age, they can directly take the medication from spacer. Those children who are already on inhalers, but still face asthma attack , for them nebuliser is the better choice to manage the emergency. It will make the liquid medicine into mist and enters into the air passage easily and work promptly.
In addition, certain lifestyle changes can also help reduce the frequency of asthmatic attacks. Avoid going outdoors on windy days or days when air pollutant level is high. Reduce the child’s exposure to allergens like pet hair, dander and dust by dusting and vacuuming on a weekly basis. Avoid the use of humidifiers inside your house as moist air can promote the infestation of dust mites. Try to keep the child in a room with adequate air and sunlight. Take plenty of green leafy vegetables and fruits, which contain lots of vitamins and minerals. If possible get your child to wear cover his or her nose and mouth while in outdoors. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
A number of worms/parasites can infest the stomach and intestines. Children are more prone, and contract them by ingesting uncooked foods or fruits, contact with animals, playing in soil, or even unhygienic water.
The most common worms include pinworm, threadworms, roundworms, whipworms, hookworm, and tapeworm.
Signs and Symptoms
Whatever the type of worm, the symptoms are more or less the same and include the following:
Some of the most popular homeopathic remedies are listed below and aim at strengthening the child’s overall health. As always, the child will be asked thoroughly for all symptoms and then a remedy identified.
Viral fever refers to a wide range of conditions caused by viral infections of the body. These infections lead to an elevation of body temperature, along with a variety of other symptoms such as headaches, body aches, chills and skin rashes. Viral fever can affect people of all age groups and may even be highly contagious if it is not contained and treated.
What causes viral fever?
Viral fever is caused by the infestation of viruses that spread through various avenues. These viruses enter the body and multiply at a specific site, leading to an infection that manifests itself as the symptoms of fever. This fever may be chronic or acute, depending on the nature of the infection and can easily spread from one person to another.
Some of the ways in which viral fever spreads are as follows:
Aerial transmission (coughing and sneezing).
Consumption of contaminated food and water.
Contact with contaminated surfaces.
Contact with infected animals.
The symptoms of viral fever begin to show after an incubation period during which the virus multiplies within the body. The nature and duration of the illness varies from case to case. The most common symptoms of viral fever that accompany high body temperatures include the following:
Redness of the eyes
Inflammation of the throat
How is viral fever treated?
A case of viral fever can be quite easily treated if there is an absence of complications. For this, the illness simply needs to be diagnosed early. The use of antibiotics and steroids for treatment is advised against unless the infections have escalated beyond a certain extent. Some of the ways to treat viral fever are:
Prescription of antiviral medication
Adequate bed rest
Ample fluid intake
Administration of nasal decongestants
In most cases, the illness gets treated within the span of a few days. However, if the symptoms persist any longer, it is advisable to consult a specialist to check for underlying problems or complications.