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Sickle Cell Anemia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Sickle Cell Anemia?

Sickle cell anemia is an inherited red blood cell or RBC disorder. It results in abnormal hemoglobin termed sickle hemoglobin or hemoglobin S to be present in their RBC. The disease is in-born but it may take more than 4 months for infants to show any signs of having the disease.

Treatment of Sickle Cell Anemia

The objective of treatment in such a disease is to provide relief from pain to the patient, see to it that infections are prevented along with damage to organs and strokes. They also seek to treat anemia and keep in check any complications that might occur.

Relief from pain

If the pain experienced by the patient is mild heating pads and over the counter, prescription medicine is used. When the pain gets severe one may have to be admitted to a medical hospital. Fluids and pain relievers are used as measures to deal with acute pain in the short term.

Prevention of Pain

Severe cases of sickle cell anemia are treated with a medicine called hydroxyurea which keeps at bay the painful crises. It helps prevent such a pain attack but when such an attack does take place, it cannot relieve it.

Prevention of Infection

Sickle cell anemia is commonly found to be complicated by bacterial infections. But thankfully they may be prevented as well as treated. There should be a sense of urgency while dealing such complications.

Prevention of Complications

Sickle cell anemia may cause a host of complications. These may include acute chest syndrome, gallstones, stroke, pulmonary hypertension, damage to the eye and ulcers in the leg that refuse to heal. Even eye damage may occur.

When the anemia worsens or the complications become severe blood transfusions are used. Most patients with sickle cell anemia have to undergo blood transfusions on a periodic basis. In case the complications are severe like acute chest syndrome or stroke it may take years of blood transfusions at intervals of a month or thereabouts in order to prevent any ongoing damage.

Eye checkups and USG of children’s head should be conducted regularly to assess eye damage and risk of strokes.

New Medication

New medications are being researched for the victims of sickle cell anemia. Some of these work by interfering with the sickling of hemoglobin. Others try to stop the cells from sticking to the walls of blood vessels while others raise fetal hemoglobin levels.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Pain in the bones or joints Dehydration Dizziness Fatigue

Popular Health Tips

सिकल सेल के बचाव - Sickle Cell Ke Bachaw!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
सिकल सेल के बचाव - Sickle Cell Ke Bachaw!
सिकल सेल रोग असामान्य जीन से उत्पन्न एक आनुवांशिक रोग है जो माता-पिता से प्राप्त होते हैं. शरीर के रक्त मे लाल रक्त कण का आकार सामान्यतः उभयातल डिस्क के तरह होता है जो रक्तवाहिकाओं में आसानी से गमन करते हैं. पर सिकल सेल की स्थिति में ये लाल रक्त क...

Popular Questions & Answers

My girlfriend and me both have sickle-cell carrier in our blood. Is there any (other than IVF technique, adopting )way to ensure that our children will not have sickle-cell anaemia.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
When both partners are sickle cell carrier then each baby has 1 in 2 risk of being a carrier ,1 in4 risk of having sickle cell anaemia and 1 in4 chance of not being a carrier Ivf is not required ,can go for normal conception ,but prenatal testing ...
3 people found this helpful

Can a sickling problem be remedied completely. What is the treatment procedure? How can I consult the doctor? Please reply quickly. Because body get very less power and problem in breathing.

BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Bhubaneswar
Test your hemoglobin. You may need blood transfusion, if hemoglobin is very less. Later on you can try homeopathic treatment.

I am 23. I've been prescribed with hydroxyurea for b-sickle cell thalassemia. I bought cytodrox in starting but now I am not get to getting it so I bought hydroxyl. So switching companies of medicine affect or not? Should I go with hydroxyl or not?

BHMS
Homeopath, Lucknow
 Sickle cell anemia is an inherited form of anemia — a condition in which there aren't enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen throughout your body. ... In sickle cell anemia, the red blood cellsbecome rigid and sticky and are shap...

I am 26 years old female and after 3 months of gestation I was found sickle cell positive none in my family (both paternal & maternal) had suffered scd what are the chances of baby being sickle cell positive also suggest for my treatment and care. Thank you,

BHMS
Homeopath, Noida
Are you having disease or are you only carrier of disease. See there are two genes for scd. 1. If only one gene carries disease then there are not much symptoms n you will not know unless n until you go for test. Now if your husband is normal, mea...

Table of Content

What is Sickle Cell Anemia?

Treatment of Sickle Cell Anemia

Relief from pain

Prevention of Infection

Prevention of Complications

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